US1331025A - Valve or blow-off cock - Google Patents

Valve or blow-off cock Download PDF

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Publication number
US1331025A
US1331025A US28964719A US1331025A US 1331025 A US1331025 A US 1331025A US 28964719 A US28964719 A US 28964719A US 1331025 A US1331025 A US 1331025A
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Prior art keywords
valve
stem
casing
opposite
bonnet
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Expired - Lifetime
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Henry H Riggin
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ALBERT F SHOMBERG
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ALBERT F SHOMBERG
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Priority to US28964719 priority Critical patent/US1331025A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/48Devices for removing water, salt, or sludge from boilers; Arrangements of cleaning apparatus in boilers; Combinations thereof with boilers
    • F22B37/54De-sludging or blow-down devices
    • F22B37/545Valves specially adapted therefor

Description

H. H. RIGGIN.

VALVE 0R BLOW-OFF COCK.

APPucATloN FILED APR..12. 1.919.

l 1,331,025. Patented Feb. 17,1920.

'enabling a free flow of UNITED STATES PATENT oEEicE.

HENRY H. BIGGIN, OF ALTOONA, '.PNNSYLITANIA, ASSIGNOR TO ALBERT F. S'HOMBERG, 0F ALTOONA, PENNSYLVANIA.

VALVE 0B BLOW-OFF. COCK.

Spc'ccation of Letters Patent. I

Patented Feb. 17, 1920.

Application led April 12, 1919. Serial No. 289.647.

his invention relates to the art of valves commonly known as blowo cocks, particularly adapted for use on the bottom part of boilers.

Itis the aim of the invention to provide an im roved valve or blow off cock for applicatlon as aforesaid, for removlng the water, mud, and scales, in fact sediment or refuse from the interior of the boiler.

A further object of the invention is to piovide a valve of this particular k1nd, to accommodate this service in connection with boilers and the like, and to provide afvalve of such a construction as to enable this service to be performed eiciently.

A further object of the invention is to provide va valve ofthis kind, which is very simple in constructlon, that 1s conslstent with the practicability desired, to enable the service to be properly rendered.

A further object of the invention is to provide a valve which is simple and economical in operation, and one which will permit of the passage of broken parts of stay bolts, without injury to the valve seats.

A further object of the invention is to r0- vide an improved straight way valve, w ich when in open osition, the port through the valve will register with the opposite ports of the valve casing, and provl e an unobstructed cylindrical passage therethrough, the fluid, and also permitting of the free passage of the broken parts of stay bolts.

A further obj provide a valve of this kind, in which the parts may be easily renewed, certain of the parts being interchangeable, and 1t 1s to be further noted that such parts may be kept in stock, in order to make quick repairs, 1t being obviousy that the casin of the valve will last substantially inde nitely, which has been found to be quite a saving in the cost of upkeep or maintenance.

A further object of the invention is to provide a valve of this kind, in which the ect of the invention is to valve proper is so connected to the stem of the va ve, that when the valve is in a closed position, it has sucient play on both sides of the .valve stem, so that the valve roper (which is in the form of a ball or spherical member) may automatically adjust itself to its diametrically opposite seats, there being means cooperating between the valve stem and the bonnet of the valve stem to provide any binding or friction on the stem of the valve relatively to the Valve proper. The valve seat on the stem of the valve acts to prevent any steam or water from entering or passing through the bonnet, there being means between the yieldable means and a shoulder of the bonnet. to prevent leakage.

A further object of the invention is to provide a valve, including a valve proper, which is capable of a limited quarter turn, to open or close the valve, there being means on the top of the valve stein for indicating the open or closed position of the valve.

A further object of the invention is to provide a valve or blow off cock of this kind, which may be easily repaired, or the parts removed, without removing the valve from the boiler.

A further object of the invention is to provide a valve or blow ofi' cock, of such construction that will meet all the requirements in service, and the cost of upkeep.

l/Vhile the design and construction at present illustrated and set forth is deemed preferable, it is obvious that as a result ofa reduction of the invention to a more practical form for commercial purposes, the invention may be susceptible to changes, and the right to these changes is claimed, provided they are' comprehended within the sco e of what is claimed.

he invention comprises further features and combination of parts, as will be hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawings and claimed.

In the drawings:

Figure l is a vertical sectional view through the valve or blow 0H cock constructed in accordance with the invention.

Fig. 2 is an end view of the same.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view on line 3 3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 illustrates bottom and top plan views of the spherical or ball valve proper, illustrating the details of construction.

blow off cock, and which may be connected Vto the bottom of boilers of various types, and which may also be connected to a fire box, articularly if the valve casing is -provide with a flange 2 at one end, such as indicated in Fig. 5. This casing may be any suitable shape or configuration, preferably Substantially T-shaped as illustrated, and 1t is to be noted that one end of the casing is lar er than its opposite end. The smaller en on its interior is provided with an annular channel 3, constituting a ocket for the reception of a coil spring 4. he intermediate part of the valve casing is chambered out for the reception of the spherical valve member 5, which is provided with a transverse longitudinal passage 6. The 1ntermediate chambered out part of the valve casing communicatively connects with the passage 7 through the smaller end rtion of the valve casin and it is to be o served that the flange 8 which forms one wall of the channel 3) acts to retain the coil spring 4 in position. The outer end of the passage 7 is provided with threads-9. The passage 7 has one end larger than its other end and is desi ed for the reception of the ringI` 10, which 1s engaged by the coil spring 4. his ring has a spherical bearing 11 constituting a valve seat for the spherical valve 5.

The larger end portion of the valve casing has its interior surface provided with threads 12 to be engaged by the threads of the outer valve bonnet or ring 13. This valve bonnet or ring is provided with an annular flange 14, which contacts with the end surface of the larger end of the valve casing. The outer portion of the passage 15 through the valve bonnet or ring is threaded as at 16. The threads 9 and 16 are designed expressly for the purpose of connecting the valve casing to the bottom of the boiler, and to afford suitable conduit connections to the casing, whereby when the valve is open, the iluid and the sediment may have a free passage, and it is to be alsonoted that broken parts of stay bolts may pass out, without injury to the valve seats. outer valve bonnet at a point adjoining its passage 15 is provided with a spherical bearing 17, constituting a valve seat for the opposite end of the spherical valve 5. i It is to be noted that the valve 5 engages-its seat, without contacting in any way with the valve casing. The coil spring 4 yieldingly urging on the ring 10, acts to urge the valve seat 11 toward and in contact with the valve 5. This urging action is also trans- One end of the,

mitted so as to hold lthe opposite end of thel valve 5 in contact with the seat 17. It is to be noted that the under rpart of the spherical valve is provided with a substantially segment shaped cutaway ortion 18, of a shape shown in the bottom p an view of the spherical valve. A lu 19 is formed on the ySurface 4of the'cham er 20 of the valve casing. This lug is positioned at a point offset from the center of the spherical valve, and extends intothe cutaway portion or recess 18l of the spherical valve, and constitutes means for engagement with either of the abutment walls 21 and 22, in order to limit the valve to an open or closed position. It is apparent that the assage 6 through the spherical valve, and) the passages 7 and 15 and the opening through the ring 10 are substantially of the same diameter, thereby affording an unobstructed passage from the boiler through the valve. By means of this passage, it is obvious that the sediment and the broken parts of stay bolts may be easily and quickly drawn oil'.

The spherical valve at a point diametrically opposite the cutaway portion 18 is providedwith a cavity 23. The valve casing has a lateral extension 24, and the interior surface of this extension is supplied with threads 25, which are en aged by the threads of the extension 26 of the valve bonnet 27. A valve stem 2-8 engages through the valve bonnet 27, and is provided with a beveled flange 29, which engages a similarly constructed seat 30 of the extension 26 of the valve bonnet 27. One end portion of the valve stem is provided with a pair of shoulders 31 and 32. A shoulder 33 is formed on the interior of the valve bonnet, and this shoulder, as will be observed coincides with gaged by a composition washer 34, there belng a coil spring 35 interposed between the composition washer 34 and a cap nut 36, thereby holding the composition Washer in position, and closing and packing the joint between the valve stem and the interior of the valve bonnet 27. This cap nut 36 is mounted on a rectangular extension v37 of the valve stem, there being a nut 38 threaded'on the second extension 39 of the stem, thereby holding the cap nut in contact with the shoulder 32. A suitable Washer 40 is interposed between the nut 38 and the cap nut. The valve stem inwardly ofthe flange The valve bonnet 27 has an annular portion 42 overlying the end face of the eXtension 24. It is to be seen that the cap nut is provided with diametrically opposite lugs or protrusions 43, and it is to beobserved that .when these protrusions 43 extend in a direction in parallelism with the center of the passage through the valve casing extending into the direction of the boiler, the valve is open, whereby its passage communicatively registers with the passages 7 and 15. When these protrusions extend at right angles to the valve casing, it is obvious that the valve is, closed, in fact its passage 6 will then be disposed at right-angles to the passa es 7 and 15.

he invention having been set forth, what is claimed as new and useful is:

1. The combination with a valve casing provided with openings at its o posite ends` and a valve seat removably Xed in one end of said casing, of a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end, a spherical valve member intermediate the two seats and provided with a passage adapted to register with the opposite openings, and means for opening and closing the valve member, a loose connection between said means and the valve member to avoid frictional binding between the means and the member, and whereby the valve member may automatically accommodate itself to the opposite seats, and means for limiting the valve member in its open or closed positions.

2. The combination with a valve casing,r provided with openings at its opposite ends and a valve seat removably fixed in one end of said casing, of a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end, a spherical valve member intermediate the two seats and provided with a passage adapted to register with the opposite openings, said casing having a valve bonnet, a valve stem mounted in said bonnet, a loose connection between the stem and the valve member to permit of the movement of the valve member at right angles to the stem whereby the valve member may accommodate itself to the opposite seats, means on the outer end of the stem, means between the last mentioned means and a part of the bonnet for urging the stem to prevent frictional binding between the valve engaging end of the stem and the valve, to prevent friction between the end of the stem and the valve.

3. The combination with a valve casing provided with openings at its opposite ends and a valve seat removably fixed in one end of said casing. of a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end, a spherical valve member intermediate the two seats and provided with ya passage adapted to register with the opposite openings, said casing having a valve bonnet, a valve stem mounted in said bonnet, a loose connection between the stem and the valve member to permit of the movement of the valve memer at right angles to the stem whereb the valve member may accommodate itse f to the opposite seats, means on the outer end of the stem, means between the last mentioned means and a part of the bonnet for urging the stem to prevent frictional binding between the valve engaging end of the stem and the valve, to prevent friction between the end of the stem and the valve, and means for limiting the valve member in its open or closed positions.

4. The combination with a valve casing having openings at its opposite ends and provided with a fixed valve seat in one end, a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end of the casing, a spherical valve engaging between the seats, a valve bonnet fixed into the casing at right angles to the seats,

'a valve stern mounted in the bonnet, said stem and the bonnet having interengaging shoulders to limit the stem in its outward movement, said stem and the bonnet having adjoining shoulders provided with a washer engaging said adjoining shoulders, a member on the outer end of the stem, the valve member having a depression or cavity to receive the inner end of the stem. and yieldingly urging means between the member and the washer causing the interengaging shoulders to contact and operate the stem whereby a loose and non-frictional engagement between the inner end of the stem and the depression may be effected, so that the valve member may accommodate itself to its opposite seats.

5. The combination with a valve casing having openings at its opposite ends and provided with a fixed valve seat in one end, a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end of the casing, a spherical valve engaging between the seats, a valve bonnet fixed into the casing at right angles to the seats, a. valve stem mounted in the bonnet` said stem and the bonnet having interengaging shoulders to limit the stem in its outward movement, said stem and the bonnet having adjoining shoulders provided with a washer engaging said adjoining shoulders, a member on the outer end of the stem, the valve member having a. rectangular depression or cavity to receive the inner end of the stem, and yieldingly urging means between the member and the washer causing the interengaging shoulders to contact and operate the stem whereby a loose and non-frictional engagement between the inner end of the stem and the depression may be effected, so that the valve member may accommodate itself t0 its opposite seats, and means for limiting the valve in its open or closed positions.

6. The combination of a valve casing having openings at its opposite ends, one end being provlded with a fixed valve seat, of a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end, a spherical valve engaging between said seats and provided with a passage to coperate with the opposite openings, said valve member havin a rectangular cavity, a valve stem having its inner end engaging said cavity, means yieldingly urging said valve stem, whereby its inner end is loosely and non-frictionally engaging said cavity, whereby lsaid valve member may automatically accommodate itself to the opposite seats.

7. The combination of a valve casing having openings at its opposite ends, one end being provided with a fixed valve seat, of a yieldingly urging valve seat at the opposite end, a spherical valve engaging between said seats and provided with a passage to coperate with the opposite openings, said valve member having a rectangular cavity, a valve stem having its inner end engaging said cav ity, means yieldingly urging said valve stem, whereby its inner end is loosely and nonfrictionally engaging said cavity, whereby said valve member may automatically accommodate itself to the opposite sea-ts, means for limiting the outwardly urging action of the valve stem, and means for limiting the valve member in its open or closed positions.

8. The combination with a valve casing, provided with openings at its opposite ends and a valve seat removably fixed lin one end of said casing, the other end of the casing having an annular channel, a. second valve seat mounted in the casing adjacent the channel, a coil spring arranged in the chansp erical valve member in its open or closed positions, and a valve stem provided with a detachable connection with the valve member for opening and closing the same.

9. The combination with a valve casing provided with openings at its opposite ends, the interior wall of one end having an interior flange spaced from the wall of the casing to provide an annular channel, of a movable lvalve seat adjacent the channel, a

second valve seat removably fixed in the Y other end of the casing, a Ispherical valve member interposed between the two seats, a coil spring seated in the channel and retained in position by the flange and coperating Iwith the first-valve seat to urge it in engagement with the spherical valve member, means for limiting the spherical valve mem-ber in its open or closed positions, and a stem mounted in the casing detachably engaging the spherical valve member for opening or closing the valve.

1in testimony whereof I hereunto aiiix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

HENRY H. RIGGIN. Witnesses:

ALEX WEIR, GEO. A. VANDREU.

US28964719 1919-04-12 1919-04-12 Valve or blow-off cock Expired - Lifetime US1331025A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558260A (en) * 1944-09-05 1951-06-26 Parker Appliance Co Valve assembly
US2792196A (en) * 1951-06-28 1957-05-14 Acf Ind Inc Spherical plug valve
US2828102A (en) * 1951-12-03 1958-03-25 Honeywell Regulator Co Valve actuator latch means
DE1148421B (en) * 1956-08-30 1963-05-09 Werner Hartmann Dipl Ing Hahn with spherical, inserted into the half-shells in Gehaeuse Kueken
US3177887A (en) * 1960-10-26 1965-04-13 Hills Mccanna Co Ball valve having heat destructible seal
DE1263427B (en) * 1960-05-26 1968-03-14 Cameron Iron Works Inc A process for the manufacture of a ball valve
US3726299A (en) * 1971-01-21 1973-04-10 T Wheatley Heat responsive safety valve
US4852190A (en) * 1988-03-18 1989-08-01 Jason International, Inc. Double cascade spout
US6062538A (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-05-16 Nien; Chen Chiun Gas valve seat
US6065736A (en) * 1996-10-15 2000-05-23 Hunt; Kevin F. Ball valve having a non-integral upstream seat and at least one integral downstream seat
US6089539A (en) * 1997-10-06 2000-07-18 Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd. Valved pipe coupling for fluid lines
US6260820B1 (en) * 1999-05-21 2001-07-17 Nordstrom Valves, Inc. Valve with rotatable valve member and method for forming same
US20040016900A1 (en) * 1999-10-18 2004-01-29 Toru Kouda Pipe coupling socket
US20040041116A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Torrent Trading Ltd. Valve
US6783112B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-08-31 Torrent Trading Ltd. Tap
US20040183045A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-09-23 Domenico Tonati Direct flow tap for dispensing drinks, provided with improved devices for stopping the operating handle
US20150021506A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-01-22 Fisher Controls International Llc Apparatus to attach a fluid valve bonnet

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558260A (en) * 1944-09-05 1951-06-26 Parker Appliance Co Valve assembly
US2792196A (en) * 1951-06-28 1957-05-14 Acf Ind Inc Spherical plug valve
US2828102A (en) * 1951-12-03 1958-03-25 Honeywell Regulator Co Valve actuator latch means
DE1148421B (en) * 1956-08-30 1963-05-09 Werner Hartmann Dipl Ing Hahn with spherical, inserted into the half-shells in Gehaeuse Kueken
DE1263427B (en) * 1960-05-26 1968-03-14 Cameron Iron Works Inc A process for the manufacture of a ball valve
US3177887A (en) * 1960-10-26 1965-04-13 Hills Mccanna Co Ball valve having heat destructible seal
US3726299A (en) * 1971-01-21 1973-04-10 T Wheatley Heat responsive safety valve
US4852190A (en) * 1988-03-18 1989-08-01 Jason International, Inc. Double cascade spout
US6065736A (en) * 1996-10-15 2000-05-23 Hunt; Kevin F. Ball valve having a non-integral upstream seat and at least one integral downstream seat
US6089539A (en) * 1997-10-06 2000-07-18 Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd. Valved pipe coupling for fluid lines
US6062538A (en) * 1998-07-21 2000-05-16 Nien; Chen Chiun Gas valve seat
US6260820B1 (en) * 1999-05-21 2001-07-17 Nordstrom Valves, Inc. Valve with rotatable valve member and method for forming same
US20040016900A1 (en) * 1999-10-18 2004-01-29 Toru Kouda Pipe coupling socket
US6779777B2 (en) 1999-10-18 2004-08-24 Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd Pipe coupling socket
US6783112B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-08-31 Torrent Trading Ltd. Tap
US20040041116A1 (en) * 2002-08-27 2004-03-04 Torrent Trading Ltd. Valve
US6923430B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2005-08-02 Torrent Trading, Ltd. Valve
US20040183045A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-09-23 Domenico Tonati Direct flow tap for dispensing drinks, provided with improved devices for stopping the operating handle
US6938878B2 (en) * 2002-11-12 2005-09-06 Tof S.R.L. Direct flow tap for dispensing drinks, provided with improved devices for stopping the operating handle
US20150021506A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-01-22 Fisher Controls International Llc Apparatus to attach a fluid valve bonnet
US9746095B2 (en) * 2013-07-17 2017-08-29 Fisher Controls International Llc Apparatus to attach a fluid valve bonnet

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