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US1322616A - Adjustable crib ob - Google Patents

Adjustable crib ob Download PDF


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US1322616A US1322616DA US1322616A US 1322616 A US1322616 A US 1322616A US 1322616D A US1322616D A US 1322616DA US 1322616 A US1322616 A US 1322616A
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    • A47D7/00Children's beds
    • A47D7/04Children's beds capable of being suspended from, or attached to, window frames or other articles




Patented. Nov. 25,1919.


I qf s 3| l3 1 P Q! 3'7 8 F 6 59 l attozneq 4 F. S. RECE.


APPLICATION FILED MAY II 1913- Patented Nov. 25, 1919.


I "IIIIIIII'IIIII for this purpose being with he deta led c nst uction an AT Y FRANK s. anon, or DALLAS, TEXAS.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FRANK S. Been, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dallas, in the county of Dallas and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Adjustable Cribs or Beds, of which the, following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to cribs or beds for children, and more particularly to those beds or cribs which are designed to be' drawn up beside the main bed on which the mother of the child sleeps.

The general object of this invention is to provide a crib or childs bed as above referred to, which is easily and quickly attachable to or connected with any make of adults bed ofwhatever reasonable height so that the mattresses of the bed and crib will be perfectly even orfiush, without space or obstruction between them.

A further object is to provide a bed of this character which is adjustable as to height so that the mattress of the childs bed may be placed on an exact level with the mattress of the mothers bed and the means such as to eliminate any danger of the bed shifting after having been adjusted.

91 further object is to provide a bed of this character with wheels and to provide a brake for the wheels so that the crib may be held stationary in any desired position, the brake being easily releasable to permit the crib to be shifted and to be wheeled about.

A further object is to provide improved means for engaging the childs bed with the mothers bed without in any way marring the side rail of the mothers bed.-

A further object is to so construct the bed that it may be knocked down or collapsed so as to facilitate shipping.

Still another object is to provide a crib with side rails, one wall of the crib composed of thes rails being hinged so that it may be turned down and being also adapted to be shifted on supporting rails beneath the mattress of the crib and out of the way.

Other objects will appear in the course of the following description, and have to do 9f the bed,


Specification of Letters Patent.

whereby it may be cheaply made and easily handled. I

My invention is illustrated in the accompaning drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved adjustable crib;

' Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of'the crib; I

Fig, 3 is an end elevation thereof;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional detail view through one of the axles showing the brake;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary end elevation showing the crib in conjunction with a bed;

Fig; 6 is a fragmentary vertical section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 7 is a sectional view through the axle 10 showing the elevating ratchet in elevation; V

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of the outer .end of one of the rails 15;

Fig. 9 is a detail fragmentary plan View of the rails 15 and 21 at their junction;

Fig. 10 is a front elevation of the construction shown in Fig. 9;

Fig. 11 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View through one of the supports 87 and the longitudinally extending members 36; and Fig. 12 is a detail perspective view of the member 40.

Referring to the drawings, it will be seen that the body of the crib comprises the end supporting members 10 and the longitudinally extending side supporting members 11 and 12, which'are connected to each other in any suitablemanner and may be made of any suitable material. Extending upward from the end supporting members 10 and from the side supporting member 12 are the rods 13 carrying the longitudinal rail 1% and the end rails 15, thus providing open walls on three sides of the crib extending upward to any suitable height to pre vent the childs falling out of the crib. Mounted upon each end member 10 is a transverse mattress supporting iron 16 upon which the spring mattress 17 is disposed and upon this spring mattress the usual mattress 18 rests. lt-will be noted that the Patented Nov. 25, 1919. Application filed. May 11, 1918. SerialNo. 233,867. 4

transverse end members 10 extend below of metal bent over the ends of the members in this 10, as at 20, and attached to the members 10' by means .of screws, bolts or in any other suitable manner.

The rails 19 are spaced from the under faces of the members 10 fora purposewhich will be nowjstated. Three sides of the crib, as previously stated, are formed with the upwardly extending fixedwalls and the fourth side is closed by meansv of .a hinged wall 21 also formed of a rectangular frame having vertical rods. One longitudi-' nal member of this frame is provided with the laterally projecting trunnions 22 which extend into the space between the rails 19 and the under face of the members 10. It will thusbe seen that these trunnions constitutepivots upon which the hinged wall 21 may turn and when the hinged wall is turned to a horizontal position, slid into a position beneath the main frame of the bed, this hinged Well being supported position by lugs 23 projecting from the rail 19. The hinged wall is held in its retracted position by means of a spring latch 24 consisting'of a strip of light spring metal attached to the under. face of the rail 12 and twisted so that the freeportion of the. latch extends vertically, the free end of the latch being beveled" and formed with asmall tooth adapted to engage over a metallic rib 25 attached to the inner rail of This spring 1atch24; is

the hinged wall. relat'vely light so that the hinged wall may i be readily pulled out from its engagement with the latch.

' When the hinged wall is inplace the stop hugsv 26 bear against the rail 11 so as to prevent any further inward movement of the hinged door. When the hinged door is in a vertical position, these lugs 16 rest within keepers 27 carried on the outwardly projecting end rails 15. These keepers 27 are provided by a strip-of metal 28 illustrated in Fig. 8, which is bent downward as at 29 over the end of the rail 15 and beneath the rail and which is provided with the lateral lugs, one of'which, -30,extends .down between these inwardly 33. I do not wish bolt is mounted within a metallic down against the outside face of the rail 15 and is attached thereto. The other lug constitutes the keeper 27. The portion 29 also constitutes a keeper for engagement by a corresponding bolt 31, slidably mounted upon the extremity, of the rail 21. This strip 32 attached to the end of the rail 21* and having lugs 33 bearing against the inner face of the rail, the body of the strip being spaced from the rail 21 sufiiciently to permit the insertion of the bolt. The bolt is provided with a finger piece which projects turned lugs tobe limited to this, as

it is obviousthat other forms of bolts may b used for the purpose of it may be guides and safety locking the swinging wall of the crib in its vertical position.

. For the purpose of supporting the body of the crib, I provide a pair of axles .34, these axles being non-rotatable and mounted upon the ends of the axles are the wheels 35. These axles are connected by longitu'dinalmembers 36'which are attached to the axles in any suitable manner, and projecti beyond the axles a distance slightly greater. than one-half the diameter ofthe wheels and are preferably made of light angle iron. I longitudinal members 36 or attached thereto are the upwardly extending supporting members 37 which are longitudinally slotted as at 38. These supporting memhere 37 coact with adjusting screws 39 which extend through the slots 38, through the, end beams 10 and engage with screw plates on the inside surfaces of the end beams'lO, these adjusting screws preferably having relatively wide contacting'faces in engagement with the face of the members 37. The upper ends of the members 37 are slidably engaged by lateral guides, one of which is illustrated in Fig. 12, these guides being formed by a strip of metal 40' attached at its ends to the face of the corresponding beam 10, this strip being struck out to provide the outwardly projecting lugs or ears tl spaced from each otherto receive between them the corresponding member 37. of the crib is guided on the supporting members 37 and prevented from lateral iovementQ also provided with the outwardly projecting steps 42, which limit the downward movement of the body of the crib. V v

Preferably the members 37 are separate from the longitudinal beams 36 and to this end the extremity of the longitudinal beam 36 is upwardly bent as at -13 and the member 36 is slotted as at 4-1. The member 37 is formed with a tongue 15 in thisslot 4 1- and bent upward against the under fajceof the member 36. A metallic clip 46 and holds them in engagement, with each other, but by sliding this clip, 46 up the member 37 the parts may be disengaged so as to permit the parts to be separated from each other for packing. This is a preferable construction of my invention, but I do not wish to be limited to this.

While I have shown means for, vertically adjusting the body of the crib relative to the wheeled supporting frame upon which the crib is mounted, preferably the members 37, together with the screws39, constitute actually held in its ver'tically'adjusted positions by means of the curved ratchet toothed bars 47 disposed gne each'end of.

Thus the body 7 The supporting members 37 are which is insertedembraces the upwardly turned portion 43 and the base of, the member 37 c Formed integral with these devices and the bed is V 7 lower wall of the slot in gagediby the" ratchet teeth on ithenbar 47, '15;

1 its underface and r is formed with laterally projecting ears; 48 formed atctheir ends to provide knuckles 49' the screwsi39 are loose the handle 51, the

the cribl Each these bars'is downwardly and inwardly curved andhas ratchetteeth'on at its upperend eachbar engageable with a transversely extendingpintle 50, which is fixedv to the correspond ing end rail 10.-- The middle portionlof the upper endiof the bar 47 is outwardly bentto-provide a handle 51.. Each ofthese bars 47 passes through a vertically. slotted eye -52,'each attached to one of the axles 34, the

this eye'being enthe barfalling into this engagement by gravity.

Now it will be obvious that when the bars 1 47 are engaged'with the lower end of the slot in the eye 52, the crib will be supported and hold the crib in its elevated position. If

it is desired to raise the crib, it is only necessary to pull up on the crib and then the looking bars will shift through the eyes, the ratchet teeth riding over the lower ends of the eyes'until the proper elevation has been reached, when they will automatically engage with the eyes to hold the crib supported.

Adj usting'the height is best accomplished by raising or'lowering one end of the crib at a time though of course it is obvious that both ends of the crib may be raised or lowered coincidently. After the proper height has been secured,'which very largely depends upon the height of the adults bed, the set screws 39 are firmly set" to hold the bed body stationary at this height where it will remain at all times unless a change of height is desired.

For the purpose of holding the cribin intimate proximity to the adults bed, 1 provide the engaging hooks 53. These have their, bills extending downward and have shanks extending downward parallel to the bill, these shanks attheir lower ends being upwardly turned as at 54 and passing upward through a bead 55 formed upon the end of the strip forming the rail 19,the upper end of the shank 54 being overturned as at 56 so as to prevent the-shank from escaping from the bead The body of the hook is preferably covered with India rubber tubing 57 so that the hook will not mar the rail of the bed with which it is engaged. The operative positions of the hooks are illustrated in Fig. 5, and in their inoperative positions the hooks are raised to their fullest wheels; versely extending brakev rod or what might I weight. As soon, how-.

- lightweight that it may be extentuntil the lower ends fthe shanks enmetallic member .40. .Thus the hooksfare out of the way and disposed flat against the ends ofthe crib The wheels are provided so that thecrib may be readily moved from place to'place but it is, of. course, wheels when the bed is at vent any movement of the bed.

rest so as to pre- T ov this end desirableto lock these,

. gage with the lower ends of the bead 55" and the hook'is turned so as tobe 'disposed upon the rest 58 which is adjacent one end of the,

I mount uponone of the axles 34 a brake engaging with the corresponding pair of This brake comprises "the transbe termed brake beam 59. Adjacent its ends this brake beam is cranked as at 60 and engaged with ears 61 projecting from; the axis. Thus this brake beam or rod may swing toward or from the corresponding wheels 35. livoted tothe under face of the axle 34 is a member 62, which constitutes a lever, this member "metal having outwardly bent parallel sldes.

being made of sheet Through these parallel sidespasses a pintle 63 and a U-shaped yoke 64, the extremities ofwhich are connected to thebrake bar 60. The axle is cut-away as at '65 to accommo date the lever when it is turned'to its operative positionas illustrated in Fig. 4. When it is so turned the yoke 64 will be drawn outward, thus bringing beam .to bear against the wheels 34 and it is heldin this position by the fact that the cross bar of the yoke passes the pivotal center of the lever as illustrated in Fig. '4. The lever projects slightly out beyond the axle so that a touch of the foot will release the lever and permit the brake bar to rotate in its bearings to swing its ends away from engagement with the wheels. 3

It will be seen t rat I have provided, in the first place, crib in which the height of the bed, that is, the crib'body, is adjustablerelative to the supporting wheels, and further in which the opposite ends of the crib are independently adjustable so that the body of the cribinay be inclined, if desired or .made absolutely level, and that further- I have provideda crib which,because of its wheels, may be readily shifted from place to place. This crib is to be made ordinarily from 22 to 26inches wide and from. 36 to 40 inches long, though, of course, it may be of any the brake rod .or.

desired size so as to pass easily through any orch, or out of.

if desired or as an ordinary crib, either out- 7 doors or indoors. It will also be obvious that the swinging wall ofthe crib may be locked in 1ts vertical position to thus pretended to, without hindrance .or obstruction; and Without the necessity of thecaretaker arising from the bed in order to attend to 7 v The most important function of ini Thusthe child is placed 7 7 imlty to its motherdurmg the night for at any other time, but not in the same bed, the- I vent-the child'fromlc'limbing out'ofthe crib or 'that it may bef'readily unlockediand sofas to permit access to the" provedcrib is that by properly manipulatin the ad ustms mechanism for the crib thebody of'the' crib may be" positioned, seats to bring :the mattress of the crib inexact ahnementorflush with the mattressofv the adu'lt?s bed and'that then tl1e-s1deoftl1e crib, with the side wall turned down and slid beneaththe body of the crib, may be locked to the side rail crib'serving as a railed in extcnsion'of the 'largebed and on. an exact level with 1t and Wherelthe child is absolutely safe. The child can be kept covered, drawn to its mothers" side to nurse, replaced and otherwise atthe childs wants.

The attaching hooks move up and down in their socketsor beads, thus providing'for any reasonable difference in the thickness or depth of the two mattresses, springs, etc on the two beds, thus rendering itpossibleiat' all.

times tohave'the mattresses exactly flushor even at their tops. Themattress and-spring of a large bed will often be found to be thicker or higher than that of a babys bed or crib and it'is for the express purpose of taking care of this that these hooks work up anddown and further permit the hooks to be raised and then moved downward into engagement with the rails of the large bed. The rail hooks attach equally well to angle iron or to the broad flat wooden rail of a wooden bed,in neither case marringorscar ring the bed by reason of the rubber covering of the hooks, this rubber covering also preventing any squeaking or rattling of the hook between the bed rail with which it is engaged.

V In the morning or whenever desired, the babys bed or cribmay be as readily detached from the main bed, the hooks re 7 stored to their rests, the swinging side wall crib while the ;uprights 37 may be of height required.

raised and engaged in ,its vertical position andthe crib .lsjready to be wheeledianywhere. Of course it is .to be understood that the wheels must be of smalll-enou-gh the slots 38 mustbe low enough to permit this extreme lowering of the bodyrof the any It will be also noticed that the crib is capable :of" being collapsed or knocked ofthe' body ofthebed V V "head 'bars'"47 "from, their engagement with of" the adults bed; inimmediate prox the axles.

not illustrated this,

tachable H from their mattress supporting frame,

lifted from the; run'nmg gear, which lifting the axles. supports it is possible to withdraw the Screws 51 h i' the "bed? isrea'dilyreleases the'ratchei; 7 i

.11 Then byrotating these arched beads 49 from their engagementwwith the pint-1e 50. The four slotteduprights 37 7 36 in thexmanner heretofore described and may now be disengagedafrom the members the wheels-maybe remove'd iiand iffurthen disassembling is desired, theltwo longitudinally extending beams 36' may-be ren iovedjf; i

This reduces the running. gear to from the axles as they maybe bolted upon a few simple" parts which, may. be readily fixedsides of the'crib may-he provided with" hinges'so that they may-befolded downi 'pack'ed, and :it is obvious thatthe-ordinarily. l:

upon the mattress or may be entirely de tached from. the beams 10. and 11. lphave I obvious to any manufacturer, and I do not believe it-to-be particularlydesirable. The attaching hooks 52 tra'ted)." It will be notecltliat the adjust, ment of the crib or; bed: is accomplished very simply and easily, :without the necessity of using tools for the purpose, 7

l/Vhile I have illustrated certain details I p however, as thisLis-a" V relatively simplematter' whlch wouldbe v are also preferably do};

sockets (not, 'illu's of construction and arrangement of parts:

whidh I believe to be preferable, it is ob vious that many modifications may bemade in the construction, without departing from" the spirit of the invention as definedin the appended claims, and likewise it-will. be obvious that the crib maybe madein various styles and dimensionsand that "it-may.

be made out of any suitable materials. Fur thermoreit will be seen that it maybe relatively cheaply manufactured, considering, the improved action'of the bed or crib.

Having described .my inven'tion, what I claim is:- v 1;

l. A crib including in combination a base frame and aicrib body vertically adjust-i able upon the base frame and includingaend walls, a; side wall,,and a second side wall mounted upon the body for 'movement zontal position beneath then attress sup; porting frame to a vertical position, coacting withthe end walls of the body andjvice versa, and bed rail'engaging members carried'by the crib body but vertically adjustable relative to the body for engagingthe body .with the side'rail of bed.

' 2. In afcrib in combination a base frame, a crib body vertically adjustably upon the from a hori l base frame and including'a mattress sup;

movement from a horizontal position be neat-h the mattress supporting frame to a vertical position against the end walls of the body or vice versa, and means for engaging the crib body with a side rail of a bed including downwardly opening hooks having shanks shiftably mounted for vertitransverse to the length of the crib and extending upward at their forward ends, and a fourth wall having trunnions resting upon and sliding on said rails whereby the fourth wall may be shifted from a horizontal position resting on the rails beneath the mattress supporting frame to a vertical position coacting witl the end walls of the crib body and with the trunnions disposed in the upwardly extending portions of said rails, and means carried by the vertically adjustable crib body for engaging the body with the side rail of a bed, said means being vertically adjustable relative to the crib body.

4. In a crib, a supporting base, a mattress supporting frame vertically adjustable upon the base and having transverse end members formed with vertically extending eyes at their upper ends, and means for engaging said transverse members with the side rail of a bed comprising downwardly extending hooks,'the shank of each hook extending downward below the bill thereof and at. its lower end being extended vertically upward to a point above the top of the hook, said rebent shank being slidingly engaged in the corresponding eye and being formed with a stop at its upper end.

5. The combination with a crib having a base frame, a mattress supporting frame having end members and side members and end walls and a side wall, a fourth wall mounted upon the body to swing to a vertical position or into a horizontal position and slide beneath the frame, of means for detachably engaging the crib with a bed rail comprising vertically slidable hooks mounted at the ends of the mattress supporting frame, each hook being downwardly turned and having a vertically extending shank slidably mounted for vertical and rotatable movement on the body, said hook being disposed intermediate the ends of the shank.

6. The combination with a mattress supporting body including end members, a truck disposed beneath the body and vertically disposed supports mounted at each slid'ingly engaging end of the truck and engaging against each end of the body, of means detachably engaging the body with said vertical supports at any desired elevation of relative to the truck, and means for preventing any accidental dropping of the body relative to the truck and comprising mem bers mounted upon the body at each end thereof and operatively engaging the truck and permitting the free upward movement of the body but preventing downward movement thereof when in operative position, said members being independently manually shiftable into an inoperative position to permit the lowering of the corresponding end of the body.

7. A crib including a mattress supporting frame having end members, a base frame including longitudinal angle irons, members extending transversely of the longitudinal angle irons and mounted thereon, upwardly extending slotted guides mounted upon the ends of said irons and with the end members of the body, binding screws passing through the slots of the guides and into the end members, and means for holding the body in raised position relative to the base frame comprising serrated bars disposed at opposite ends of the body, each bar being curved downward and inward and having its free end normally extending over the adjacent transverse member, the under edge of each bar being serrated, the upper end of the bar having laterally and upwardly extending ears, and a medially disposed, outwardly extending handle, the extremities of the ears being formed with open knuckles, and a pintle attached to each end'member and passing through said knuckles upon which the correspondingbar swings, said bar being detachable from the pintle upon a removal-of the corresponding transverse member of the base frame to permit the bar to swing downward, each transverse member being provided with a slotted eye through which the corresponding serrated bar passes and with which the serrations of the bar have engagement.

8. A crib including a mattress supporting body, asupporting frame therefor disposed beneath the body, a pair of vertically disthe body posed members carried by the supporting whereby the mattress supporting frame may be held in any vertically adjusted position upon said guides, and means for holding the body in vertically adjusted positions against accidental downward movement comprising curved bars having serrated outer edges swingingly mounted upon the ends of the mattress supporting body and extending downward and beneath the body, the cross members of the supporting frame having guides through which said members pass and with'which the serrations of the. bars engage, and means mounted on the bars whereby they may be'manually lifted from engagement with said guides to permit the lowering of the frame.

10. A crib including in combination a base frame, a crib bodyvertically adjustable upon the base frame, including a mattress supporting frame havingend walls, a side wall, and a second side wall mounted tendlng upon the body for movement from a horizontal position beneath the mattress supporting for engaging the crib body with a side rail of a bed including downwardly exhooks mounted for vertical shifting movement uponthe body, said hooks being shiftable toa level above the point of attachment of the hooks to the body level below said point of attachment.

11. A crib including in combination a crib body supported for vertical adjustment, said body having a n attress supporting frame, end walls, a side wall, and a second side wallmounted upon'the body for movement from a horizontal position beneath the mattress supporting frameto a vertical position coacting with the end walls of the body and vice versa, and means for engaging the crib body with a side rail of a bed including bed rail engaging members mounted for vertical, shifting movement upon the body, said members being shiftable to a level above the point of attachment of the members to the body or to a level below said point of attachment. w i

In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

- FRANK S. REOE. Witnesses:


'35 frame to a vertical position againstthe end walls of the body and vice versa, andmeans.

or to a j

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2937385A (en) * 1958-08-14 1960-05-24 Roy E Hendrickson Play pen
US2968817A (en) * 1958-01-30 1961-01-24 Baby Line Furniture Company Adjustable baby crib
US5430899A (en) * 1993-11-16 1995-07-11 Chisholm; John H. Transition crib for infants and toddlers
US6684420B2 (en) 2001-04-27 2004-02-03 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Crib apparatus

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2968817A (en) * 1958-01-30 1961-01-24 Baby Line Furniture Company Adjustable baby crib
US2937385A (en) * 1958-08-14 1960-05-24 Roy E Hendrickson Play pen
US5430899A (en) * 1993-11-16 1995-07-11 Chisholm; John H. Transition crib for infants and toddlers
WO1997002773A1 (en) * 1993-11-16 1997-01-30 Chisholm John H Transition crib for infants and toddlers
US6684420B2 (en) 2001-04-27 2004-02-03 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Crib apparatus
US20040244109A1 (en) * 2001-04-27 2004-12-09 Koenig John W. Crib apparatus

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