US1316469A - Combined pneumatic mattress and garment - Google Patents

Combined pneumatic mattress and garment Download PDF

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Publication number
US1316469A
US1316469A US1316469DA US1316469A US 1316469 A US1316469 A US 1316469A US 1316469D A US1316469D A US 1316469DA US 1316469 A US1316469 A US 1316469A
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garment
train
compartment
pneumatic mattress
collar
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D3/00Overgarments
    • A41D3/02Overcoats
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S2/00Apparel
    • Y10S2/03Inflatable garment

Description

R. WERNER.
COMBINED PNEUMATIC MATTRESS AND GARMENT. 7
APPLICATION FILEDSEPT. 6. 1918.
1 3 1 6,46 9 Patenteii Sept. 16, 1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
INVENTOR.
R. WERNER. COMBINED PNEUMATIC MAITRESS AND GARMENT.
APPLICATION ILED SEPT. 6.1918- PateIitedSept. 16, 1919.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2 -INVENTOR.
' UNITED STATES PA ENT ors on.
RAY WERNER, or 'saurnancrsco, CALIFORN A COMBINED rmtmvm'rrc MATTRESS, AND-GARMENT.
specification of Letters Patent. Pat t d S t 16 Application filed September 6, 1918'. sriai'mzs'aseoe. Q I
1i '0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, Mrs. RAY WERNER, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of San-Francisco and State of California, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Combined Pneu matic Mattresses and Garments, of which the following is a specification.
-My invention relates to improvements in garments wherein the back'portion is formed with an air tight compartment and provided with an inflatable collar to be used as a pillow, said compartment and collar having separate inflating means whereby each may be inflated independently of the other.
The primary object of my invention is to provide a garment, the back of which may be inflated to provide a resilient support for the body of the'wearer without removing the garment thus providing a greater comfort while reclining in a recumbent" position. i i
A further object of the present invention is to provide a garment of the character described having an inflatable back portion provided with a folded train which may be unfolded and inflated with the remainder of said back portion to'provide a resilient support of suitable length,
It is also anobject of the invention to provide a separate inflatable compartment means of the device disclosed in the drawings forming a part of the present specification wherein like characters of reference are used to designate similar parts throughout the said specification and drawings, and in which- Figure 1 is a broken sectional view of my improved garment as applied to the person and in a recumbent position;
Fig. 2 is a broken perspective view of the garment when worn in an inoperative position; and
Fig. 3 is a broken side elevation of a garment partly in section disclosing the train unfolded and ready for inflation.
Referring to the drawings the numeral 1 is used to designate in general a garment, which, in the present instance, is depicted in the form of a military overcoat, but it should be understood that the present invention may be applied to any form of outer garment generally used for protection from the elements. L
The garment '1 is provided with a back portion 2 having a train 3-which-extends somewhat below the front portion of'the' garment l and at least as faras the ground The back portion 2 and train 3 thereon are formed of an inner layer of airtight fabric 4' and an outer layer 5 of substantially the same shape and size whereby an airtight compartment'6 may be formed extending throughout theentire back portion 2 or said garment-1.
The lower end of the train 3 isprovided' withsocket's 7 of the snap button'typeadapb' ed to engage buttons 8 arranged at a suflicient distance above the hem to engage the sockets 7 and'thereby foldthe train 3 onto the back portion 2 to create a hem forthe garment 1 that shall be the same distance from the ground around the entire garment.
At a convenient point in the upper portion of the'garment 1, I have provided an inflating and deflating valve 9 of'the well known type commonly' used ininflating and deflat= ing pneumatic tubes whereby the airtight compartment 6 may be inflated and-deflated easily and readily. Y
An inflatable collar 10 of any suitable type is secured by sewing or otherwise, to then-p "per end of the back portion of the garment 1 and is also provided with a separate inflating and deflating valve 12.
In operation, the garment is preferably composed of some suitable water and airproof fabric which may be light in weight and yet approximately impervious to the passage of moisture and heat thereby providing an efiicient garment for protection against the elements.
Normally the train 3 is folded upwardly and on the back of the back portion 2 of the coat as disclosed in Fig. 2 of the drawings and held in such position by the clasp buttons 7 and 8. In reclining for a rest period it is only necessary-to loosen and unfold the train 3 and, in case of a soldier or sailor, to loosen the pack belt, if one be worn, and slip the pack 14 under the head as disclosed in Fig. 1 of the drawings. The compartment 6 and collar 10 may be inflated either before or after a recumbent position has been assumed, by inserting the valve 9 in the mouth of the operator and blowing into said compartment, or a small handpump, not shown, of the bicycle variety may be used.
The collar 10 is laid upon the pack 14, which serves as a bolster, and inflated through its valve 12 to the desired pressure. Thus it is obvious that a soldier or sailor may be easily and quickly furnished with a comfortable resting place or mattress without entirely removing his accouterments, the extended train 3 forming a resilient support for the legs.
Should the soldier or sailor be suddenly aroused with orders to proceed immediately in case of emergency the collar 10 and compartment 6 may be easily and readily deflated while en route-by the usual method of releasing the valves 9 and 12.
lVhile the present invention has been illustrated as being worn by a person in military service it is obvious that the device is equally applicable to civilian travelers. It is also obvious that the garment may be made of a light water and moisture proof fabric, thereby saving weight in the protecting garment as well as aflording protection against the elements.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A combination pneumatic mattress and garment comprising an overcoat having sleeves and open front portions and a double back portion extending from the neck to the lower end of the garment; and means for inflating the double back portion to form a pneumatic mattress.
2. A combination pneumatic mattress and garment comprising an overcoat having sleeves and open front portions and a back portion having a train extending below the front portions, said back portion being formed of a double layer of fabric to form an airtight compartment; and means for inflating and deflating said compartment to form a pneumatic mattress.
3. A combination pneumatic mattress and garment comprising an overcoat having sleeves and open front portions and a back portion having a train extending below the front portions, said back portion being formed of a double layer of fabric to form an airtight compartment; means for inflating and deflating said compartment to form a pneumatic mattress; and means for retaining the. train in a folded position whereby said folded train and back portion will equal in length of the front portions.
4. A. combination pneumatic mattress and garment comprising an overcoat having sleeves and open front portions and double back portion extending from the neck to the lower end of the garment; means for inflating the double back portion to form a pneumatic mattress; and a. collar mounted upon the neck of the coat, said collar being formed of two layers of material to form an airtight compartment to servefas a head rest; and means for inflating and deflating said collar compartment.
5. An overcoat having sleeves and front portions and an inflatable back portion; means for inflating theback portion; an inflatable collar secured to the neck of the coat; andmeans for inflating and deflating the inflatable collar. 7 A
In witness whereof I hereunto set my signature.
Mns. RAY WERNER.
copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
US1316469D Combined pneumatic mattress and garment Expired - Lifetime US1316469A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2446006A (en) * 1945-06-27 1948-07-27 Norva E Hendricks Driver's comfort
US4563776A (en) * 1984-09-04 1986-01-14 Boesen Connie J Stadium coat
US20060096002A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2006-05-11 Che-Wen Lin Versatile head-to-foot wind and raincoat
US20140150160A1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-05 Durgamritha Thayammal Sundaram Reversible dresses

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2446006A (en) * 1945-06-27 1948-07-27 Norva E Hendricks Driver's comfort
US4563776A (en) * 1984-09-04 1986-01-14 Boesen Connie J Stadium coat
US20060096002A1 (en) * 2003-09-22 2006-05-11 Che-Wen Lin Versatile head-to-foot wind and raincoat
US20140150160A1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-06-05 Durgamritha Thayammal Sundaram Reversible dresses
US9445634B2 (en) * 2012-12-04 2016-09-20 Durgamritha Thayammal Sundaram Reversible dresses

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