US1314959A - Combination-door - Google Patents

Combination-door Download PDF

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US1314959A
US1314959A US1314959DA US1314959A US 1314959 A US1314959 A US 1314959A US 1314959D A US1314959D A US 1314959DA US 1314959 A US1314959 A US 1314959A
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Prior art keywords
door
sash
panel
stop
members
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/52Devices affording protection against insects, e.g. fly screens; Mesh windows for other purposes

Description

J.v GRUEN, Jn.
COMBINATION DOOR.
APPLICATION FILED Amzs. |918.
1,314,959. Patented Sept. 2, 1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
J. GRUEN, 1n.
COMBINAION DOOR. y APPLlcATloN FILED "11.29. 191s.
Patented sept. 2, 1919.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
I Glue/a 17;'.
3% @www JOHN GRUEN, Jn., or sPmNoFIELD, MISSOURI.
COMBINATION-DOOR..
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented sept. 2, 1919.
Application led April 29, 1918; Serial No'. 231,445.
To all whom 'it may concern Be it known that I, JOHN GRUEN, Jr., a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Greene and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination- Doors, of which the following is a specifica-` tion.
This invention relates to combined screen and panel doors, and has for one of its objects to provide a simply constructed device which may be readily transformed into a screen door, a panel door, or a door having a transparent portion, without discarding any of the parts or mai-ring or disfiguringI the door structure.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction, as hereinafter shown and described and then specifically pointed out in the claim; and in the drawings illustrative of the preferred embodiment of the invention- Figure 1 is 'a side elevation of a door constructed in accordance with the invention,
Fig. 2 is a transverse section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical section of the upper portion of the improved door,
Fig. 3 is a transverse Sectional view taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical section of the lower portion of the improved door,
Fig. 5 is a detached perspective view of a storage casing or receptacle for the panel which for the time being is not in use.
The improved door comprises a frame or body formed with side or rail portions 10, a
transverse head member 11, a transverse base member 12, and one or more transverse intermediate members 13.
with a sill member 15, preferably projecting beyond both faces of the door as illustrated in Fig. 2. The open space above the sill 15 is provided with a-stop molding 16 entirely surrounding the vopen space, and including a ortion attached to the upper face of the sili member 15. Fitting within the space above the sill member at the inner face of the door is an open stop frame represented as a whole at 17 and'secured in lace by sultable fastening devices 18. The fiume 17 is of less thickness than the space between the stop molding 16 and the inner face of the door, thus leaving a socket or seat for a sash frame 19 or 2() as the case may be. One of the sash frames, for instance the sash frame 19 is provided with a window pane of glass or other like material represented at 2.1, while the other sash member 20. is provlded with mosquitonetting represented at `22, the sash members 19 and 20 are recisely alike and interchangeable, so that either the screen or the glass supporting sash may be disposed between the holding member 17 and the molding 16. Formed in the lower edge of the intermediate member 13 is an upwardly directed seat indicated at 23, and directedl upwardly from the base member 12 1s a stop rib 24, the space between the upper edge of the stop rib 24 and the inner end of the seat 23 being slightly in excess of the vertical dimensions of the sash members 19 or 20. Bythis `means the space defined by the stop rib 24, socket 23, the side members 10 and the filler panel 14 constitutes a storage pocket for the unused sash, which may be disposed with its upper edge in the seat 23 while its lower edge rests upon the stop rib 24 as shown in Fig. 2. The wall of the seat 23 next to the inner face of the door is inclined as shown in Fig. 2 to facilitate the insertion of the sash within the seat and in position upon the stop rib 24, the latter having a finger receiving cavity indicated at 25 to enable the sash to be readily inserted and removed. p
Formed at the sides of the pocket 'are bearing shoulders or seats 26 and fitting within the space defined by the members 12-13 and sides 10 and bearing upon the shoulders 26`is a filler panel or door 27 to conceal the sash within the storage pocket. The filler member 27 is preferab y hinged at 28 to one of the side members 10 and provided with a suitable catch indicated at 29 at the side opposite to the hinges.
The hinges 28 and the catch 29 may be transposed, if required, so that the closure panel 27 may be hinged to swing in either direction. The filler members 17 and 27 wlll conform to the general design of the door, so that the latter presents substantially the same appearance as an ordinary door, and` may be varied in design to any required linner outer and intermediate extent. A third member may likewise be provided similar to the panel 14 or with an opaque inner portion, so that the dr can be arranged as an ordinarg' panel door, by insertingthe opaque mem r in the upper openportion instead ofthe glass or screen sash. A suitable receptacle vrepresented at 30 in Fig.- 5 will be supplied to hold the third uiiused panel.
Suitable packing strips 31 of rubber, felt `or like material represented at 29, are in-` serted between the parts, where required,V to
prevent dust, moisture or cold air from passing.
Having thus deserlbed the 1nvent1on, wha is claimed as new is:
A door including side members top and bottom members and asolid intermediate transverse member, the lower edge of the intermediate member being cut-awa to form orizontal transverse stop shoulders disposed in stepped relation a solid anel arran ed on one slde of the door and earing against one of the outer stop shoulders, a movable panel pivotally mounted on the other side of the door and bearing against the other outersto shoulder, said movable panel being space from vthe stationary panel to form an intermediate pocket adapted to receive a re-` movable sash member, the wall of the pocket between the intermediate stop shoulder and one of the outer stop shouldersbeing in-` olined downwardlyand laterally, and a stop rib seated in the bottom of the pocket and forming a rest for the lowerend of the removable sash member, there being a linger JOHN GRUEN, JR. [L.s.] Y
US1314959D Combination-door Expired - Lifetime US1314959A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2723713A (en) * 1951-05-01 1955-11-15 Weather Proof Co Auxiliary door, including interchangeable sashes and storage compartment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2723713A (en) * 1951-05-01 1955-11-15 Weather Proof Co Auxiliary door, including interchangeable sashes and storage compartment

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