US1300441A - Cork-feeding mechanism. - Google Patents

Cork-feeding mechanism. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1300441A
US1300441A US23377318A US23377318A US1300441A US 1300441 A US1300441 A US 1300441A US 23377318 A US23377318 A US 23377318A US 23377318 A US23377318 A US 23377318A US 1300441 A US1300441 A US 1300441A
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Prior art keywords
hopper
movable
opening
corks
feeding
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Expired - Lifetime
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US23377318A
Inventor
Melchor Marsa
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INTERNATIONAL CORK Co
Int Cork Co
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Int Cork Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/40Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top
    • B65G65/44Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using reciprocating conveyors, e.g. jigging conveyors

Description

M. MARSA.

' CORK FEEDING'MECHANISM.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 10| IBIS.

1,300,441 Patented Apr. 15,1919.

3 SHEETS-SHEET I n. nu

Nl. MARSA.

CORK FEEDING MECHANISM.

APPLlcATwN FILED MAY lo. 191e.

Patented Api'. 15 9.

3 SHEETS-SEEE B y i Arron/ver M. MARSA.

CORK FEI-:DING MECHANISM. f APPucArloN mso mmm. ma. 1,300,441 Patented Apr. 15,1919.

' Y l a sains-SHEET 3.

f -,M% MANOR/1127,27

sTATEs PATENT OFFICE.

MELCHOBHABSL, F NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSGNOR TO'INTEBNATIONAI GOHPANY,

' 0F BROOKLYN, NEW" YOEK, "A CORPQRATION 0F NEW YORK.

CORK-FEEDING 'MECHANISIK Speeiilca'lsion of Letters Patent. Patntd APL 159 1919,

Animation nica may 1o, 191s. serial No. 233,773.

T azzwho'mama concern:

Be it known t at I, MnLcnon MARSA, a(A citizen of the UnitedStates, anda resident of the city. of New York, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have in-l .ventedcerta'in new` and useful Improvements in Cork-Feeding Mechanisms, of whlch the following is a specificatiom.

l The presentinvention relates to improvel0 ments in cork -feeding mechanisms, designed to feedcorks or vcork disks -to a support, preferably'a belt conveyer, on which they are sorted,.that is to sayon which the imthe'perfect product. In devices ofthis t heretofore-in use the mam of corks ordlsks isplaced into a receptacle, from which they are lifted by a bucket convey'er and dro ped onto ascreen, that forward .them to theb endless chain of buckets travels throughthe mass of coiks or cork disks and .has a tendency to injure the corks or break thefdisks.

' .pmvendfmmteingmjma Qfbmken, but

also the mass isconveniently transported to thesupport or belt conveyer.' V734-Withv theseandy other object vin view which will more full 4appear as the nature of the inventonfis etter understood," the ment, and construction Aof parts" hei-cina r described, pointed out inthe appended 'claims and" illustrated in the accompanying drawj ings, it being -understood that many. .changes may-be 'made in the size and proportion of the several 'parts and details of "construe tion .within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit or sacri 'cingany of the advanta es of the' invention. Two of the many possl le embodiments of panying drawings in whichz'- .Figure 1 isa top -elevatlon of, a' feedin mechanism constructed in accordance wit the present invention; Fig. 2is a lo'ltudi-4 im;

i. pal vertical section taken thexethrou perfect corks or disksare separated from elt conveyer. TheA ect of the present invention feeding mechanism, which same .consists in the -combination,farl'an' the invention are villustrated in the accom'- '3 is a front elevation of thevsame; Fig. 4

is a rear elevation thereof; Fig. -5 isa erspectlve view of a' 7-7 o Fig. 6; and Fig. 8 is a plan view'of ortionof a fee ing v roller, forming part o the mechanism; Fig.V 6 is a vertical section taken through a' modified ho per; Fig. 7. isa section taken on line a modified` screen adapted for use in connecton with both.A devices. v Referring now first to Figs. 1 to 5, incluslve, the numeral 10 indicates the table or- .tion of the main frame of the machine, rom

whichv risestandards 11, supporting -a hopper 12, into whichare placedthe corks or disks to -be fed onto a sup ort, for 'instance a belt conveyer 13. Ont is conveyer, the

attendant separates the imperfectcorks or disks from theperfect product, the latter traveling on the conveyer to be dropped into l areceptacle, not. shown. in the drawings'.

' The front wall 14-and the rear wall 15 of the conveyerare slanting, converging toward a discharge =opening 16, which extends substantially throughout the width of the .hop-V per and is disposed at-its lowermost, point.

The rear wall 15 ofthe' hopper includes avvibrating or reciprocating lsection 17,^'that forms the lowerpart ofi. the said rear wall" and is -vibrated or reciprocatedin the plane]- of the said vrear wall,moving between guides 18, that are ixedly attached to the stationary section o fthe saidv rear wall. Vibrating. or

reciprocatin motion may be imparte the section 1 by any sultable means'for 1nstance from 'a driving shaft 19, which is suit-l ,ably journaled in'bcaringls, formed upon the -mam Vframe ofthe mac shaft 19V is rotated from any suitable. source of power, fo'r instance by a belt' 20,' run'n1ng over a'pulley 21, that is xedly attached toj 'the said shaft. On the driving shaftis mounted an eccentric'22,"the strap 230i me. The driving which -is connected by a rod 24 with a lug '25, formed upon the rear face of the hop er section. 17.. The connection between the ug .and rod24 is pivotal,. to permit of a proper operation'of the eccentric.

iodo

The'lower portion of the front .wall of the hoppendenotedby the numeralY 26, is also movable'v for the purpose ofl adjusting the size .off the outlet ofthe hoppe1 T0 h Q 1-d. this movable section 'in its adjusted ositlon,

`any suitablemeans may be provide ,for instance there may A11emounted.on-the' station# ary portion of the front' wall screw bolts 2,

i extending" through 'slots 28.. in the? movable section 26, wing nuts 29, coperating with.

, ciprocatingsection-17, of the rear wal of the.

the said screws, servin movable section onto t e stationar of the front wall. To the' movabe sectio'n 26 are attached bearings 3 0, in which is jour- .naled a roller 31, that throughout the widthof the 'front wall of the hopper, and -is rotated by any suit# able means clockwise. 'This roller projects through the discharge` opening' into the hop` penandis. rovided with longltudinal corrugations 31 A baille plate 32 is attached to the movable section 26 of the front wall, said plateextending toward the vibratin or rehopper, so as 'to direct `the corks or disks onto the said vibrating or'reciprocating section,

'from thedischarge' 36 on the rear wall screening l" of thedrum type,

which are connected I screen, and ap I 'vers 44,v f ,55'

-main frame.

fatboth of its ends,

'. and at the-same time, by reason of its pro jecting over the. roller. and discharge opening, prevents the'whole mass of corks -or disks from resting on the roller and from moving too rapidly toward said opening. Theolleris actuated from the driving shaft 19, and for' this purpose there is attached a pulley 31" to the said roller .and a pulley' `33 to the said driving shaft.` Over'these puldistance between adjoining bars is such as to pe to fall through, but prevents-full-sized corks 't. broken corks and foreign matter the drum. The drum is open andis provided with journals 39, which are rotatably mounted in crossbars 40, connecting the two standards from leavin 11. 'Thescreen is rotated from the driving ,5

shaft 19'by a belt 41, running-over a pulley 42,' constituted one of the rin 37 of the ey 43 on the drlving shaft. conveyer 13 runs over roll- The belt .of the mounte upon the One of'these -rollers is pro.

I u vided with apulley 46, in alinement with a fpulley engagement A mass of viously adjusted so lthat i. 85 say' the distance between the vibrating -or .47 upon the driving shaft 19, and in with a belt 48.`

The operation of this device is as follows:

corks, to be fed'onto the support 1 3, is placed into the hopper 12, the size of the discharge opening 16 havinlgl its widt that is to to clamp down the g thanthe di portion f xtends substantially.

. Fig. 2 of the drawings,

'of a drum, having 3-5, to which leads,y

-is smaller than the of the conveyer. The screen' 'ournaled in bearings 45, preferablyv table portion 10 of the been pre-v direction of the r reciprocatingsection A17 ofthe rear wall of the hopper and the roller, is slightly larger alnpter of ividualcork. If rut-.ation is'imparted te the driving shaft. 19,

Vthey vibratingzor reciprocating section 17 of the Ahopper causes corkstii move downward tow-ard thedischar'ge opening .throu h which they leave the hop er by avity. ince the roller rotates cloc `ise, it prevents' a clogging of the hopper outlet, in that it continuouslyl agitates outlet, loosening the mass and turning the individual corks over, moving. them' back and forth until they the hopper outlet onto the inclined extension 36, on which 'they slide in to the screen35.

On .the -rotary screen .the broken and `foreign matter are conveyer 13, where the attendaint..` removes the imperfect ones, al1/owing the perfect product to travel in row shown adjacent t e -belt conveyer 1n into a receptacle, not shown.

Ifthe device is used the corks near` the saidsifted out'from the mass, the full-sized corks passing onto the from which they fall v for feeding corkand their Way through A the direction'of the ar- 'l disks,such as are employed, )for instance,"in

crown cork type, .to the conmade use of in the'form apertures each of which diameter of an vindividual cork disk (Fig-8).'

` hopper is shown in closures of the veyer 13, a screen 1s A modification of the Figs. 6 and 7 of the drawings, differing from the one above described' 'n that it lacks theroller. In adjusting the size ofthe dis` charge opening of this y hoppen-care is tojbe able section 26 should b e its vibrating or reciprocating section that is somewhat greater than 'the diameter of .an individual cork to-be'fed; This device is especially adapted for feeding vcork disks,

' same by the the motion imparted to the vibrating or reciprocating section 17 ofthe -hopper being .suflcientto feedthem onto the inclined extension 36 thereon. The Abaille plate'32 in this instance serves also to the cork disks'tothe vibrating or reclprocating portlon 17 ,and also to prevent the whole-mass from owing to'o suddenlyto#A wardthe 'discharge opening of the hopper.

'This' device can also be used for feeding corks of anvsize.

' Whatl claim'- is:

1. A feeding device for corks 'or the like,

taken` that the lower edge 5() of itsadjust-l f at aldistance from including "a hopper having a discharge opening, one of the walls ofsaid hopper including a .stationary section and amovable sec tion disposed` in proximity -of said opening,`

and means for imparti a vibrating motion llel to to said movable sectionuny a plane para its respective s'taionary section and .inl the rial throughsaid opemng.

avel of-the mass of mate- 2. vlli-feeding?. or the like,

' including a hopper havinga discharge open- 'its respective'v4 stationary-section and vin the opening.

ing -a stationary Asection and a movable section dis osd il'piximit'y) of said opening, means' oifimparti-ng afvrrating motion to saidmovablefrsection inia plane parallel to directiony Aci the travelo f the massv of material through said..openingz and a baiile plate withinv said hopper projecting over sa'id a A feeding astice for corks 'ofthe like, including a hopper having` a discharge opening, one of the-walls of said hopper including a stationary. section and a movablesect1ond1spo'sed :in -proximity ofv said opening, meansfor impartinga vlbrating motion to 1 said movable I-secti'on'ina plane parallel to its respective stationary section and in the v direction of the-tr'avel-of the massof mate- :rial through'said opening, 'and means for adjusting-the size of said opening."

4. A feed'ng' device for corks r theflike,

includinga hopperi having a discharge o ening, one of the v vallsvof said hopper inc ud' ingastatidnary section and 'a movable section disposed in lproximity' of said opening,

means for'inlpafrting a vibrating motion to said movable section; inra plane, parallel to its respective stationary '.v-section, a. baiile pl'atewithin said-hopper projecting over Vfor adjusting the said opening, and means sizeof said opening.A

5.3- A feed'ng. device forfcorks or the like,

including a hopper having a'discharge openftion disposed in ing; one ofthevvalls ofsaid hopper includnga stationaryl section and a movable lsec- 'roximty of said openingI v and extendi substantially throughoutthe Widtli there%means forvim artmg a vi l hinting-motion to said movab e section in a piane pM-ana "section, va bafflel plate within said hopper ..453 adjusting the' sizeof vsaidv opening.

.-'f including a hopper having a'discharge o to its lrespective stationary projecting over 4said opening, and means for f GIA' feeding device :for corks or the like,

Ying, one of the walls of said hopper inc ud- .ing a stationary v section and a movableSs'ec-L tion .disposed inproximity of said opening,

. means for imparting a vibrating motlon to said movable section ine a planeparallel'to 7. A feeding devlce tion' disposed in proximity of said opening and extendingsubstantially throughout the Width thereof, means-for impartlng avibr'ating motion to said movable section in'a plane parallel to its .respective stationarysection, and a roller opposite' said movable section and'l projecting into `said openin 8. A\feeding device for corks or theike, including ahopper having a discharge o 'ening, one ofthe walls of .said h opper includ# ing a' stationary section and -a movable sec-1 tion dis osed in proximity of' saidopening,

means or impartinga vibrating motion to i said movable section in a'plane parallel to its respective stationa section, and a roller opposite said -movab e' sectionextending throughout the width of and projecting into said openin l9. A feedlng device for corks 'or the like,

including a hopper having a discharge o ening, one of thewalls of said hopper inc tion disposed in' proximity pf said opening and "extendin su stanti'ally throughoutthe Widththereo means for impartinga vi- *ing a stationary 'section and a movable sec brating motion to said movable section in a plane parallel toits respective stationary section, anda roller, opposite said movable and projecting into said opening. 0. A feedin device'for corks or the like,

nincluding a hopperl having a discharge o yening, two of the walls of said hopperjinc ud- Ving each a stationary section and a movable.

section disposed .in proximity of said opensection extending throughout the width of ing, means for imparting a vibrating motion to oneof said movable sectionsin a plane parallel toits stationary section,and a roller i mountedupon the opposite movable section -Said lastnamed -movable segtion 'and said roller beprojecting intosaid opening,

ing shiftable lto djust are size o f; Sais openin. 11.` E feedingdevice for corks' or the 1ike,

includinga hopper having a dil'slchargel openi ing,'two ofthe walls of said hopper including each a stationary section anda movable section disposed in proximltyjof said open'f a ing, means for imparting a vibratmg motion toone difsaid movable sections in a plane a parallel-toits vstationarysection, 'a roller y mounted upon the opposite movable section projecting' -into 'said opening, said, lastjecting. o ver said roller and'sad-ope-ning,

`12. A. feeding device for corks orthellike, i

including a hopper having a discharge open-'- ing, two ofthe walls of. said hopperin'c uding each-a 'stationary section and a movable. section disposed -in proximity/of said open namedmovable section and said roller being shiftable'to adjust the sizeof said opening,.

ing-means for" imparting .a vibratig motion to one of said. movable fsectionsin a plane projecting "into said-pp ening, said Alastshitable-to. adjust; the size lof said opening;

and af baillen'plate vvithin said hopper -pr'o'- [named :movable section and said roller being jecting over saidroller and Said opening, said baie plate being attached to the roller carrying movable section.

13. A-feeding device for corks-or-the like, including a hopper having a discharge opening',v one ofthe `walls of said hopper inc uding a stationarysection and a movable secbrating mot'ion'to if over said rollerand said opemng.

'tiondisposed in and extendin -su tion and projecting'into s aid'opening, and j tion disposed inprox1mity of said opening,

means -forimparting a vibrating motion to said movable sectionin. a plane parallel to its respective osite-said movable section and projecting into said openi and a baille plate Within said hopper pro]ecting over saidroller and' said openmin l 14.l A fee g device for corksor the like,v including a hopper having a' discharge open-- ing, ,one .of the walls of `said hopper includ-V ing a stationary. section and a movable'sec-j roximty of said opening width ,thereo means -for 'im artmg a .Y1-

said movab e section in a -plane parallel to respective stationary section, a 'roller opposite said movable sec-- a-baiile plate within said-hopper promoting 15, A feeding device-for corksfor including ahopper having a. discharge 1o ening,V one ofthe walls; of said-hopper includ# ing a stationarysection and a movable 'sec-v v tion disposed in proximityfof saidopening,

said opening,

stationary section,` a roller op- .l

`-portion travel of the massjoimaterial throu h said opening,

motion'to said movable part, andmeans `projecting vinto said opening forpreventing a clogging thereof.Y

stantially throughout the'A ing, part travelof themass of material throu -opening, means means .for imparting a vibrating motion to 'said movable section in a plane parallel to.

itscrespective stationary' section, a roller opposite throughout the Width of and projectinginto hopper pro]ecting over said rollerI andsaid opening.

16. A feeding'4 device for corks or the like,

"including a hopper having a discharge openart of the hopper-adjacent said openin movablef-in relation tothe body t ereof and in the-direction of the ing, '111g -means for` imparting 'ay vi -rating said stationary section extending.

and a bailie plate withinsaid A feeding devicefor corks or the like,

including a hopper having a discharge open- -portion t means 'opposite said mov jec'tinginto clogging of the latter."

edf. at

. -MELCHOR said openingfor preventingv a New-"York, the county? of i' State yof'New' York, this 8th

US23377318A 1918-05-10 1918-05-10 Cork-feeding mechanism. Expired - Lifetime US1300441A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2564927A (en) * 1948-07-01 1951-08-21 Russell S Kirbymoorside Ltd Sower with seed dispensing rotor, an adjustable spill plate, and means for accommodating seeds of different sizes
US2576781A (en) * 1946-01-23 1951-11-27 Sariont Company Inc Dispensing machine
US2676733A (en) * 1948-12-21 1954-04-27 Lober Konrad Material aligning and weighing machine having a hopper with means for vibrating a side wall thereof
US2695734A (en) * 1950-02-23 1954-11-30 Deere & Co Fertilizer distributor
US2800993A (en) * 1955-01-27 1957-07-30 Sylvania Electric Prod Orientating mechanism
US3138296A (en) * 1960-02-03 1964-06-23 Buehler Ag Geb Silo compartment for materials in powdery form
US4193430A (en) * 1977-10-18 1980-03-18 Diversified Products Corporation Method and apparatus for filling containers with a relatively viscous material
US4199912A (en) * 1977-10-18 1980-04-29 Diversified Products Corporation Method and apparatus for filling containers with a relatively viscous material
US4691846A (en) * 1985-06-11 1987-09-08 Cordell Henry L Method and apparatus for gasifying solid organic materials
US4773568A (en) * 1987-11-27 1988-09-27 Schaefer Louis R Manually operated spreader
US6523726B1 (en) 2000-05-26 2003-02-25 Imperial Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for controlled feeding of particulate material

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2576781A (en) * 1946-01-23 1951-11-27 Sariont Company Inc Dispensing machine
US2564927A (en) * 1948-07-01 1951-08-21 Russell S Kirbymoorside Ltd Sower with seed dispensing rotor, an adjustable spill plate, and means for accommodating seeds of different sizes
US2676733A (en) * 1948-12-21 1954-04-27 Lober Konrad Material aligning and weighing machine having a hopper with means for vibrating a side wall thereof
US2695734A (en) * 1950-02-23 1954-11-30 Deere & Co Fertilizer distributor
US2800993A (en) * 1955-01-27 1957-07-30 Sylvania Electric Prod Orientating mechanism
US3138296A (en) * 1960-02-03 1964-06-23 Buehler Ag Geb Silo compartment for materials in powdery form
US4193430A (en) * 1977-10-18 1980-03-18 Diversified Products Corporation Method and apparatus for filling containers with a relatively viscous material
US4199912A (en) * 1977-10-18 1980-04-29 Diversified Products Corporation Method and apparatus for filling containers with a relatively viscous material
US4691846A (en) * 1985-06-11 1987-09-08 Cordell Henry L Method and apparatus for gasifying solid organic materials
US4773568A (en) * 1987-11-27 1988-09-27 Schaefer Louis R Manually operated spreader
US6523726B1 (en) 2000-05-26 2003-02-25 Imperial Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method for controlled feeding of particulate material

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