US1266167A - Apparatus for washing and cooking. - Google Patents

Apparatus for washing and cooking. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1266167A
US1266167A US18501216A US1266167A US 1266167 A US1266167 A US 1266167A US 18501216 A US18501216 A US 18501216A US 1266167 A US1266167 A US 1266167A
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Prior art keywords
water
vessel
pipe
spray
basket
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Expired - Lifetime
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Russell A Sears
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Russell A Sears
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING; SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS; PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G49/00Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for
    • B65G49/02Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid
    • B65G49/04Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction
    • B65G49/0409Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length
    • B65G49/0436Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length arrangements for conveyance from bath to bath
    • B65G49/0472Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length arrangements for conveyance from bath to bath along a non continuous circuit
    • B65G49/0477Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length arrangements for conveyance from bath to bath along a non continuous circuit with lifting means for circuit parts
    • B65G49/0481Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length arrangements for conveyance from bath to bath along a non continuous circuit with lifting means for circuit parts with lifting means locating at the bath area
    • B65G49/049Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for conveying workpieces through baths of liquid the workpieces being immersed and withdrawn by movement in a vertical direction specially adapted for workpieces of definite length arrangements for conveyance from bath to bath along a non continuous circuit with lifting means for circuit parts with lifting means locating at the bath area provided with vertical guiding means

Description

R. A. SEARS APPARATUS FOR WASHING AND COOKING APPLICATION FILED DEC. 4,1916.

1 ,266, 1 67,. Patented May 14, 1918.

RUSSELL a. snans,

or aux-nor, nassacnusn'rrs.

APPARATUS FOR WASHING AND COOKING.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May a, 191s.

Application filed December 4, 1916. Serial no. 185,018.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, Russian. A. Snans, a citizen of the United States, residing at Quincy, in the county of Norfolk and tate of lVIassachuset-ts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Washing and Cooking; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates particularly to an apparatus in which articles to be washed or cooked may be subjected, first, to immersion in a body of water contained in a vessel, and thereafter, to a spray of water while still contained in the same vessel.

In washing dishes and other articles it has been foundthatthe best results are attained by subjecting the articles to a spray of clean water as the last step in the operation, the articles beingthus free of all soap or other washing-material to which they may have been previously subjected, so that they will ,dry in a perfectly clean condition.

The object of the present invention is to produce a machine inwhich articles may be washed by subjecting them' first to immersion, more or less prolonged, in a body of water, and thento a spray of cleanwater, preferably heated, and in which both of these operations may take place while the articles remain in the same vessel or receptacle, so that the successive operations may be performed conveniently and with a minimum amount of handling.

To the foregoing end it is proposed to employ a vessel with an open top, into which the dishes or other articles to be treated may be introduced while contained in a basket or other suitable container. This vessel is provided, at an intermediate point in its height, with an overflow opening to regulate the depth of liquid in the vessel, whil near the top of the vessel a spray-pipe is mounted in such a manner as to direct a spray upon articles supported in the upper part of the vessel. The apparatus is also preferably provided with self-containing means for heating both the Water contained in the lower part of the vessel and the water which is discharged through the spray-pipe.

Other objects of the invention, and the features of construction by which they are carried out, are set forth in connection with the following description of the preferred embodiment of the invention.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 1s a side-elevation, partly in section, of apparatus embodying the present invention;

and Fig. 2 is a plan-view of the vessel, with certain parts broken away.

The invention is illustrated as embodied in an apparatus comprising a cylindrical metal vessel 3, which is open at the top and closed at the bottom. A casing 4 depends from the bottom of the vessel and incloses a gas-burner 5 of ordinary form-which may be fed through-a gas cook 6 from a supply-pipe 7 as usual.

Water may be introduced to the vessel 3 through a pipe 8 controlled by a shut-ofi' valve 9, the pipe 8 leading from a watersupply pipe 10. A heating-coil 11 arranged directly above the burner is supplied with water from the supply-pipe 10, and this coil is connected, by a pipe 12, with a spraypipe 13 mounted near the top of the vessel 3. This spray-pipe is annular in form, and is seated in and guarded by a channel 23 on the innersurface of the wall of the 'vessel. The spray-pipe is provided with perforations 24 in its inner portion, through which aspray of water may be directed inwardly and downwardly, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1. The flow of waterto the spraypipe is controlled by a shut-off valve 14 in the pipe 12. i

The vessel 3 has an outlet 26 at the bottom, which is connected with a drain-pipe 15 controlled by a shut-off valve 16. The vessel is ner: The valve 9 is opened to permit the ves sel 3 to be filled with water up to the over-' flow-opening, and the valve 9 is then closed. The burner 5 being lighted, the water in the vessel is heated, and soap or other detergent material is added to the water. The burner heats, at the same time, the coil 11 and the water with which it is filled. The basket 19 is filled with dishes at any convenient point, and is then hoisted, by means of the tackle 20, high enough to clear the top off the vessel 3. The basket and the trolley are then moved along the rail 22 until they are directly abovethe vessel, as shown in Fig. Ii. Thebasket is then lowered to the bottom of the vessel, thus submerging the articles contained in the basket in the hot soapy water contained in the lower part of the vessel. To promote the cleansing action of the water the basket may be repeatedly raised and lowered within the receptacle. Alter the articles in the basket have been washed substantially clean, the basket is raised above the surface of the water in the vessel, but allowed to remain suspended just below the spray-pipe 1.3. lhe shut-0d valve 14; is then opened, and a spray of boiling hot water is projected upon the articles in the basket, so as to rinse them thoroughly, the water being heated to a high temperature in its passage through the coil 11. The basket may then be hoisted out of the vessel, and, owing to the fact that the articles in 1t have been raised approximately to the temperature of boiling water, the small amount of hot water adhering to their surfaces dries 01d ediately, thus dispensing with the necessity ofwiping or otherwise drying the articles. The basket may then be removed by the use of the trolley and refilled, or another basket may be brought to the vessel in the same manner. it will be observed that an imortant feature of my apparatus lies in the tact that the distance between the bottom of the vessel and the overflow drain as well as the distance between said overflow drain and the spray pipe is equal to at least the depth of the basket, so that the basket may be first completely immersed in the water and then raised into the spraying zone above and entirely out of the water and allowed to remain there until the dishes are thoroughly rinsed.

The apparatus is adapted to use both gas 7 and water with economy, for the water'by which the dishes are sprayed drains into the lower part oi the vessel, thus constantly renewing the water therein, while at the same time the level never rises above the out-let opening, and thus it is unnecessary for the user of the machine to regulate the depth of the water. Since the spray-water is nearly at boiling temperature, it tends to maintain the desirable high temperature of the water in the vessel, and the burner also helps to maintain that temperature economi cally by the surplus heat which is not absorbed by the heating-coil 11.

The location of the sprayipe 13 in the channel 23 not only provides or a firm sup.

port of the spray-pipe, but it also prevents interference by the spray-pipe with the movement of the basket 19 in lowering and s earer raisin the latter within the vemel, and protects t e spray-pipe from injury.

The constant renewal ot the water'in the vessel through the spray-pipe results in carrying ofi the dirt and spent washing material in the water, but the vessel may be drained periodically, it necessary, through the outlet-opening 261 A safety valve 25 is introduced in the water-supply pipe to permit the escape of steam in case the coil 11, owing to interruption in the use of the machine, be heatedv to such a high temperature as to produce a dengerous pressure in the coil. A. faucet 27 is attached to the heating coil 11, so that hot water may be drawn ofi from the coil whenever required for extraneous use.

While the apparatus of the present invention is preferably used with hot water, the vessel with its various water-connections and the spray-pipe may also be used for was with cold water. It will be apparent also that the apparatus, while described particuiarly as a washing-machine, may also be useful in cooking, since articles contained in the basket 19 may be subjected to various combinations of boiling, steaming and spraying. in using the apparatus for cooking an impertorate receptacle may be substituted for the basket 19, where it is desired to retain the liquors oi the articles cooked.

The apparatus may also be used for the production of decoctions, and in this case the hot-water s ray is useful in washing ed and saving the set traces of the useful soluble elements of the material which has been previously boiled in the lower part of the vessel.

The nature and scope of the present invention having been indicated, and itffipreterred embodiment having been spec cally described, what is claimed as new is:

An apparatus of the character described comprising a vessel with an open top and having a main drain in its bottom as well as an overflow drain at a distance above its bottom, said vessel also having an annular spray pipe arranged within its upper part at a distance from its rim, a supply pipe connected to said spray pi e, drain pi es connected to the aforesaid rains, a has at adapted to be lowered into said vessel, the distance between the overflow drain and the bottom of the vessel as well as the distance between said overflow drain and said spray pipebeing at least equal to the depth of the basket, whereby the basket may be immersed in the water in the lower part of the vessel or suspended in the zone between the normal level of the water and the spray pipe.

RUSSELL A. SEARS.

bil

lit)

US1266167A 1916-12-04 1916-12-04 Apparatus for washing and cooking. Expired - Lifetime US1266167A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2635064A (en) * 1952-01-08 1953-04-14 Kolene Corp Metal cleaning method
US2646056A (en) * 1947-01-21 1953-07-21 Donald W Korns Dishwashing machine
US2686139A (en) * 1949-12-29 1954-08-10 Chicago Pump Co Method for cleaning diffuser tubes
US2722941A (en) * 1949-12-13 1955-11-08 Thomas S Bartlett Combination spray and agitator dishwashing machine with elevating rack
US3215152A (en) * 1960-11-18 1965-11-02 Beerli Fridolin Dishwashing machine having improved spray device
US3401705A (en) * 1966-09-21 1968-09-17 Goldware David Etching equipment
US4125119A (en) * 1977-03-25 1978-11-14 Haas Elwood L High pressure cleaning device
US4192331A (en) * 1978-08-28 1980-03-11 Koering Dale J Electroplating apparatus
US4420006A (en) * 1976-12-23 1983-12-13 The Frymaster Corporation Spray cleaning system for frying apparatus
US4773436A (en) * 1987-03-09 1988-09-27 Cantrell Industries, Inc. Pot and pan washing machines
US20060289450A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-28 Craghead John W Kitchen cooktop system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2646056A (en) * 1947-01-21 1953-07-21 Donald W Korns Dishwashing machine
US2722941A (en) * 1949-12-13 1955-11-08 Thomas S Bartlett Combination spray and agitator dishwashing machine with elevating rack
US2686139A (en) * 1949-12-29 1954-08-10 Chicago Pump Co Method for cleaning diffuser tubes
US2635064A (en) * 1952-01-08 1953-04-14 Kolene Corp Metal cleaning method
US3215152A (en) * 1960-11-18 1965-11-02 Beerli Fridolin Dishwashing machine having improved spray device
US3401705A (en) * 1966-09-21 1968-09-17 Goldware David Etching equipment
US4420006A (en) * 1976-12-23 1983-12-13 The Frymaster Corporation Spray cleaning system for frying apparatus
US4125119A (en) * 1977-03-25 1978-11-14 Haas Elwood L High pressure cleaning device
US4192331A (en) * 1978-08-28 1980-03-11 Koering Dale J Electroplating apparatus
US4773436A (en) * 1987-03-09 1988-09-27 Cantrell Industries, Inc. Pot and pan washing machines
US20060289450A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-28 Craghead John W Kitchen cooktop system
US7604001B2 (en) * 2005-06-03 2009-10-20 Craghead John W Kitchen cooktop system

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