US1260170A - Check-protector. - Google Patents

Check-protector. Download PDF


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US1260170A US1260170DA US1260170A US 1260170 A US1260170 A US 1260170A US 1260170D A US1260170D A US 1260170DA US 1260170 A US1260170 A US 1260170A
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Benjamin O Fanslow
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NEW ERA Manufacturing CO
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NEW ERA Manufacturing CO
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    • B41K3/00Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped
    • B41K3/02Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped with stamping surface located above article-supporting surface
    • B41K3/04Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped with stamping surface located above article-supporting surface and movable at right angles to the surface to be stamped
    • B41K3/08Apparatus for stamping articles having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped with stamping surface located above article-supporting surface and movable at right angles to the surface to be stamped having adjustable type-carrying wheels




1 ,260,1 70. immnrd May, 19, 1918.




APPLICATION FILED JUNE 26. l9l2. 1,260,170 Patented Mar. 19, 1918.


"M 5 a %0 1 5 & 1. u NW m m m M 5 u MW. o 4 H m n t m f 9 7 7 7 v 4 7'6 A m Bfi 4 a p O w W W a 1% Z 7 2 0 mi lllflfl n g m 0% 7 6 7 4 5 I w 5 5 7 b 7 1 B. O. FANSLUW CHECK PROTECTOR.


1 ,260, 1 70. Patented Mar. 19, 1918.



OF NEW YORK. T. 'Y., ASSIGWOR *ifi Milli/V 'IFRA ('30., OF



Application filed. June 26, i912.

lie it known that l. li'nxainmv (l. FANS IAHY, a citizen oi the l mited States, rcsiding in the borough of Maiihuli'aii, city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful improvement in Chcclo Protectors. of which the following; is a de scriptiou.

This invention relates and has particular reference to apparatus for simultaneousl marl-ling; and printing cl'meh- (Jilin Zlilil vtliei similar inbll'lili'wiili in such mannc as to prm eni any possibility of changing; or "raising" the same without detection or :esiroyinp; the value thereof as a negotiable ioshunicnl.

Among; tin-1 objects cl my love ition may be noted th: following: !o llifOVlllu a simple, chea and compact structure by means of which the amount of the check can. be printed in numerals and simultaneously punched or scored so that the check cannot be altered; to provide simultaneously printing and punching check or other instrument and automatically feeding the same; to provide an apparatus for printing, punching and feeding the articlc and simultaneouslv inking successi e printing and punching surfaces; to provide a handoperatoil (ltVliU {or pre mring a check or othersdmilar instrument so that itmay not be altered, raiscdflor otherwise tan'ipered with; and to provide me: ns wl'icrcb checks and other instruments may have imposed upon the surface thcrrof, in any position. desired, one or more figures or numerals of predetermined character.

With the above obj cots in view, and others which Will be detailed during the course of this description, my invention consists in the to check-protectors,

parts, features, elements and combinations of i element's, features and mechanisms, all as hereinafter described and claimed.

In order that my invention may be clearly understood, I have provided drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a. front elevation of a device embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation;

Fig. 3 is a top plan view;

Fig. 4 is a front elevation with the front plates removed;

ig. 5 is a. sectional elevation of the rear of the machine with the supporting-frame rem oved Specification f Letters Paton i.

an apparatus for face of the l'ni'entril Mar. 19, 1918.

Fig:v (3 i:' "ii Fi'illifl? to Fig. 5, the part i aiioiiivr nosition:

' Fig. i is a horizontal section taken just below the top of the frame;

Fig. 8 is a soclion taken on the line S-8 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 9 is a perspective sup;mrting-i'mnu:;

Fig. 10 is 1-. detail lJOillUlli plan of the guiding-loot Fig. 13. is a detail of the drivingdcvice f r tin l cibu niowliin In:

Fig. 1:. a zonal icinshowing on ooopcratim rrmion oi inc printing and pun hing HHLPl-n uism;

Fig. is it dciaii vlco slurs-lag the means l Ul' compelling the uniform action of the lie-wheel;

Figs. 14, and .1} show the development of the printing and punching surfaces of two of the vi e w different forms of die-wheels;

Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the prcsser or stripper. its support being broken away; and

Fig. 17 is an enlarged detail perspective showing the means raising the spring toe independently of the presserioot.

Referringto th drawings. Fig. 9, the supporting-portioi oi the frame consists of a plate having iili' imitoni 1 and inlcgral vertical portion e extending to the top of the machine, Hm bottom being; pro (ed at its four cornerii'nh the round d. feet 3, which may? be of any '.u1u1-nb u'bing malerialv Tlir bottom also p nided on its upper suriarc will; i tramvrr w groove 4, in which is set a. die-plate 5, having on its surface a plurality ofdiagonal, parallel cutting-edges 6, formed by grooving the surplate obliquely with reference to its surface plane. The groove 4 is more extensive than the plate 5, in order that the latter may be adjusted by means of a screw 7. extending through a slot 8, in the bottom portion 1 of the frame, and having its head slightly countersunk in the bottom surface. of the bottom portion of the frame, as clearly shown in Fig. 8. Thus the die or cuttingplate may be adjusted with reference to cooperating knives or die-projections on the rotary die-wheel presently to be described. The bottom port n of the frame is also pro-, vidcd with a depression 10, extending parallel withthe groove 4, said depression having longitudinal, narrow extensions 11, for

' being also provide receiving the jcurgals 12 of the anti-friction idle-roll 13, which facilitates the feed of the material through the machine by cotiperating with the feeding-rolls. The frame-pen tion 2 is secured at its upper end to the back edge of the top portion 14 of a U-shapod frame part having depending portions which form the side-walls 15, extending to near the .upper surface of the bottom portion 1: The back edges of the side-walls 15 are cut away from the point 16, to the lower endsthereof, and, at the latter, are rounded asat 17 to correspond with the shape of the bottom portion of the frame at its juncture with the back-portion 2, theslot thus formed betweeii the back-portion grand the walls 15 being extended to the out of the machine between the lower e de of the walls 15 and the upper surface of the bottom-portion 1, thus providing an L-shaped slot 18, for receiving the .check, etc;, to be operated upon. Working in the S1 t 18 is a gage-bar 19, the same extending f m side to side of the machine and being provided at its outer ends, which extend beyond the frame, with the knurled fingerieces 20, the said bar 19 at the inner ends of the knurled ortions with frictional enlargements 21, whic cooperate, respectively, at 0 pcsite ends of the bar, with walls 15 an edge of the back-portion 2 of the frame. The'bottom-portion 1 extends a shortdistance in front of t ev face of the machine, thus producing a edge upon which the check may be set preparatory to entering the same through the guide'slot,18, into engage ment with the gage-bar 19. The face of the walls 15, and is provided on its face with.

machine is closed by the lower dial-plate 22,

secured at its four corners by means of 'screws23 to the front edges of the dependingthe several figures and characters 24. The dial-plate 22 is provided at its lower edge with a semi-circular, cut-out ortion 25, for the purpose of exposing the ie-wheel when it is depressed into engagement with the dieplate 5. Centrally, above the cut-out p01" tion 25, the diaLplate is provided with an,

elongated slot/26, through which extends of the die-wheel, upon the outer means of. the thumb-screw 28. The slot 26 r bein permits the shaft and pointer to reciprocate relatively --to the dial-plate 22. The upper portion of the face of the machine is closed the faceplate 29,. which conforms in s ape to the remaining portion of the frame, secured thereto at its lower corners by means of the screws 30 and to the portion 14 of the frameby means of the screw 31. As

shown in Figs. 2 and 8, the plates 22 and 29 are beveled inwardly correspondingly as at 32,

so as to make a dust-tight juncture and neat closure. The handle 33 incloses a cap-tube 34, the


lower end of which is flanged at 35, which in turn incloscs a tubular spindle 36, extending vertically from the top-portion 14 of the frame. A washer 37 surrounds the spindle 36 and rests upon the frame-portion 14, thus coiiperating with the flange 35, of the cap 34, to deaden the sound and absorb the shock, said Washer being made of soft or elastic material, such as leather, rubber, etc. A plunger 38 extends through the frameportion 14'and at its upper end is provided with screw-threads 39, providing means for firmly securing the handle 33 thereto, the screw-threaded portion extendin into a correspondingly screw-threaded bore extending above the head of the cap 34. A washer 4O surrounds the plunger 38, within the cap 34, and has resting against it the upper end of a coil-spring 41, surropnding the plunger and having its lower end engaging the solid portion of the to of the frame 14 within the spindle 36. bus, the plunger is normally held elevated and 'under tension to hold the mechanism of the apparatus normally, in elevated position within the frame. The plunger 38 is provided at its lower end with a head 42, extending transversely there of, said plunger being swiveled to the head so as to have rotation relatively thereto, and said head having its extreme opposite ends guided in grooves 43, in the opposite depending-pprtions 15 of the frame, the grooves t us holding the head from lateral movement and guiding said head and the mechanism carried thereby within the frame. The head 42 has the shaft 43 journaled therein and extending therethrough and nut 44. The diewheel 44 is provi ed circumferentially with a plurality of elevated portions forming die-projections 45, between which are the depressions 46, each of the projections 45 being rovided with transverse knives 47, forme by grooving the surface of said raised portions diagonally in parallel lines, as at 48, this formation of the surface of the elevated ortions being made to correspond with the ormation of the surface of the die-plate 5. By thus forming the die-plate and die-wheel, the coiiperating portions, of the said two parts are provided w1th'parallel, iagonally-arranged cutters,

the edges of which are formed at the vertex of anacute-angle; that is to say, one wall of each roove is vertical, while the other is arrange at an acute-angle thereto, and the cuttlng edges of one member being arranged W color the grooves of the other member and the action oi the parts heing such that the vertical Walls of the cutting ec'lges will cooperate with each other so that, said C(i'llmfi'h will have a. shearing or calling action as one passes the other. ln other words, the projections 45 and the die-plate ii, on their cooperating surfaces, are provided will] diagonal cutting edges, the edges ol 1hr: rnsps-etive parts cooperating to have a shearing action. The surface of the projections 45 is formed to represent nmaerals or other desirable figures and the siul'ace o! :-;ald fig"- urcs, etc, is grooved and provided with the cutting edges, as just described. This is clearly shmvn in Figs. 1' and 15.

I prefer to make {he cutters on the dieplaie and die-Wheel diagonal, because the inclined faces of these cutters have a cam action upon each other and tend lo cause relati e movement of the plate and Wheel, and the diagonal arrangement lessens this tendem'y. This is because when the l'ecljh come together to punch a check. 1hr ell'vctim Force tending to give relative movement to the parts in question is exerted horizontalh: in the direction of the length of the plate. and this effective force is but one component of the force of impact of the wheel upon the plate and is, therefore, much less than this force. The tendency of the plate 6 and diewheel to get out 0 position after the the plate hasoncc been adjusted is, therefore, reduced to a minimum.

Mounted on the journal 43, at its inner end, is the gear 49, the same being firmly secured to the journal by means of the screw 52, which enters the end of the journal. A holding-plate 50 is secured by means of a screw 51 to the: plunger-head, and overlaps the gear 49, so that the latter and shaft carrying the same cannot be displaced when the die-Wheel is removed for any purpose. The gear 49 has meshing with it a. horizontally arrangcdpinion 53, which is fixed in any suitable manner to the plunger 38, Thus, the die-Wheel is rotated as Well as reciprocatcd through the medium of thchandle 33.

The inking mechanism for the die-Wheel consists of the lever 54, pivoted at 55 to the plungephe'ad 42,,said lever carryin at its upper end the journal-pin 56, extcn ing toward the front of the machine parallel with the journal 43 of the die-Wheel; The pin 56 carries the inking-roller 57 in position to be constantly inpngagement with the executive faces of the die-Wheel, said roller being normally held in such engagement by means of the spring 58, secured at one end to the pin 59, projecting from the top of the angular late 60, secured by means of screws 61 to t c to of the plungenhead, and which plate. oases the pinion 53. The other and of the spring 58 is secured to the pin 62, projecting from. the back 01 the ling-bar.

lever 54. The-lower end of the lever carries-- the journal-pin 63, parallel with lhc pin 56 and extending in the same direction, upon which pin is jouruahal the disfribul. ing-wheel. 64, arranged in such position as to be. normally in contact with the (Xetflh tire faces ol the dic-wlazel. Thus, the inking and distrihulilnr rolls in-operly ink and distribute ihe laller :nrnilolhlv and evenly orcr the executive faces of the (,li('-.-wheel. The inking and distributing); rolls are main laincd in position from lateral displacement by means of the face-plate 29 and dialplate 22.

The feeding mechanism, COIlSiSls of the bar 65, journalcd at itsop iosite, turned ends-by means of pins 66, in the lower end of the side frame-portions 15 and. at the rear of the machine, said bar being so jol-lrnaled as to have a vertical rocking movement under control of the vertical bar (:37, pivoted at its lower end at 68 to the rear upper oor nor of the Feed-liar 65, and said controllinghar 67 extending at its upper end through the lop-portion 14 of the frame and heing provided at said upper end with a howl if), for the reception of the finger of the operator. whereby the latter may at will depress the contn'illinghar G7 and thus dopress the rear side of the feed-bar 65, as shown in Fig. 8. The controlling-bar 67 operates closely against onc side of the frame and at its upper end is bent or oil'- set at- 70, 50 as to conform to the shape of the frame and also act as a stop against excess of vertical movement of the control- In order to return the control ling-bar to normal position, as shown in Fig. 6, after being depressed, as shown in Fig. 8, a coiled-spring '71 is attached at its lower end to a pin 72, extending laterally from the journal and of the feedbar at opposite ends of the latter, the upper end of said spring being secured to a pin 73. projecting from the opposite frame-portions 15. Thus, the feed-bar is maintained yieldangly in a normal position, which will hold the controlling-bar 67 elevated and the feed-roller 74 normally depressed, as shown --in Fig. r, in cooperative relation with the idle-roll 13, in the base 1 of the frame of the machine. The said feed-roller 74. is journaled at 75 in the feed-bar 65, near one end thereof, and extends toward the front of the machine, the journal. of said feedroller carrying at its rear end a. ratchet- Wheel 76, secured to said journal by means of the screw 77, a pivotally-mounted pawl 78, under control of spring 79, preventing said ratchet-wheel from having retrograde movement. Feeding movement is imparted to the; roll 74, by means of the ratchet-bar 80. mounted for pivotal and rciprocafory action on the screw 81, tapped into the plan gerhead 42 at one end thereof, as shown in detail in Fig. 11, said ratchet-bar being provided with an elongated slot 82, extendmg longitudinally thereof.through which the shank of said scr w 81 extends. The ratchet-bar is normall held in yielding engagement with the,ratchet-wheel by means of the coiled-spring 83, connected at one end to the pin 84, carried by the ratchetbar, and at its other end to the pin 85, projecting from the plunger-head. The upper end of the ratchet-bar is provided witha vertically-extending pin 86, which cotiperates with an adjusting-lever journaied at 87 to the top of the plunger-head and having its rear end 88 in position to cotiperate with the pin 86 of the ratchet-bar 80,- the front end 89 of said lever being in position to be manipulated by the operator from the front of the machine after removing the face-plate 29. The position of this a justing-lever will control the action of the ratchet-bar 80 and determine the number of teeth thereof at its lower end, which will ooiiperate with the ratchet-wheel 76, and thus control the degree of rotation of the ratchet-wheel and, consequently, the extent of feed of the roller 74. This determines the spacing of the numerals or the disposition of the same when impressed by the diewheel' upon the check or other article. The rack-bar 80 is provided, on its inner face, with a stop-pin 80, so positioned as to engage the upper edge of the feed-bar 65, this pin limiting the downward movement of said rack-bar and causing the operation presently described. The positive feedroller 74 is aided in its work by the idle feed-roller 13 and also by the stripper 90, which coiiperates with the die-wheel and die-plate, said stripper being fixed by its shank 91 to the feed-bar 65, substantially midway between the ends of the latter, this stripper being so positioned as to strip the check from, and prevent the same/from beinglifted by, the die-wheel. The stripper also helps to guide the check and keep it in its pro er path of travel through the machine, an in coiiperative contact with the gage-bar 19. The stripper is provided with theupturned toe 90, to permit the ready entry of the check, and in rear of said toe with the aperture 91", throu h which 0 erate the several faces of the ie-wheel. he stripper is made of spring-metal and so formed as to have a yielding action upon the die-plate, or oheck,-'under the stress or action of the feed-bar 65, the latter lifting said stripper from the die-plate upon the de ression of the controlling bar 67. To stil further aidin maintaining the edge of the check against the gage-bar 19, and to prevent said check from sh ping toward the front of the machine an away from slaid age-bar, I provide a presser-foot, the


of which are shown in Figs. 8 and 10, the same consisting of the forwardlyextending foot-portion 92, carrying the sprin toe 93, ,havin the inclined Ub 94. The oot is journals at 95 in one of the side-walls 15 of the frame at its lower end and at the end of the feed-bar opposite the feed-roller 7 1. The resser-foot is also provided with the heel-portion 96, having the lower end of a coiled-spring 97, Figs. 5 and 6, secured thereto, the upper end of which spring is connected to the pin 73, to which the spring 71 is connected. The presser-foot is also provided with the vertically-extending arm 98, having the laterally-extending pin 99, under which engages the hook 100, extending from the face of the feed-bar 65. Thus, the feed-bar, when it is rocked as shown in Fig. 8, is caused to lift the resser-foot, as well as the feed-roll 74 and stripper 90, for the purpose of permitting the easy insertion of the check in the machine. T e spring-toe 93 is for the purpose of readily yielding under the pressure imposed'thereon by the presser-foot spring, and the rib 94 is arranged obliquely with reference to the spring-toe, as shown in Fig. 10, and said toe is arranged at a rightangle to the foot and at a right-angle to the die-plate, for the purpose of creating a constant tendency of the check to move toward and keep in engagement with the gage-bar 19. By the several means just described, the check is properly guided through the machine and compelled to travel in a straight line so that the die-wheel and late will impress the numerals upon the c eck in a straight line. Secured to the inside of the top-portion 14 of the frame and near the front of the machine, and in front of the plunger 38, is an angular plate, the horizontal portion of which is indicated by 101, by which the plate is secured to the top of the frame, screws or pins passing therethrough for the purpose. The dependin or vertical ortion 02 of the plate exten s downward y to a considerable distance below the periphery of the die-wheel 44 and close to the back of the latter, said portion 102 being provided, at its lower end, with a lug 103, having at its upper end a V-shaped terminal 104, the said In being in the nature of a awl adapte to cooperate with the inclined f of a plurality of yramidal projections extendin 44, see

aces 10.5

from t e back of the die-wheel igs. 7 and 13. The several projections 105 are arranged circularl' around and bylaw the periphery of the w eel with their vertlces reversed with reference to the vertex 104, of thelug 103; and the projections 105 are spaced apart to just the extent required to permit the lug 103 to pass between each two projections 105.. Hence, irrespective of the position of the die-wheel,

when the lug 103 engages a face or inclined faces, 01' in ailiorilzztiou Mil Hi l 1 JII'fEKIQ of mu of lhe projections .105. tho (liv-whm-l will lw mused to turn on its; il.\'ll-, om W21 zllH other mgl-onling lo the no jortirm ugugwi, or which hum of mid pm jcfti u is vuglurunl, romllmg in aouzpullhm H10 rwsgvcctivu @limfums to vm'ipwulv ilfili l'ately Willi lhe die-plum J l hi l'ljSllhH because the orojvolioml E li? um uzmugg'wl Will) lilwii' halsvs 'rilh'wn 1: jiuii of un- H'iiwlhuv,

VllC wimp-pm IUD lliilin lu tll' fzll'll MUM" ment of the lunge:- mul mrfs i'dllll'll Him-v by by Lngugmg with ill log,- =l ihv ploug head 42, {,lm mus lim t J, M {lull vnel. being out out :14, i h: gu-i'mi? u'l llbv m- Operation otul. "llw u u minim mmwzlvnl 0f lill G, plllllgfllf {mil mi wxi'e'iml liwivl v lrl limited by Hil li w -i: sai umhw #57. against which llw mlu i in x i the cap 34' o i of the (lJQ- \'l](&P.l ir- SUch mmer that. when sflitl winter is mi tofndigatt innw-wiuiei miner, chum-afar I'll numbcr 0" ll" umtho correspomling number 01 i |li'-,-ljl mlf' on tho die u l'urol will be at in loutioh n, (3!)- operate with the lie-plate on zho YIQXLI do scent of the plung r. The elizmhplfllfi and Llie-wheel will be numbered or ClllLlalUUfIQll corres wndiugly; 4m! ihe- Lliul-gv-luho shown -in Fig. '1 i101". mum whh lhu dJv-wheol shown in Fig dm'olopmvn l of in Fig. M. riphery of another fa 0 ticulm', M

on i 15 5m (onver'ges flow {Em Mi i :mi lim m! lmt-bzu', in ipmozwum will) Elm plunger-l'marl, is caused to SllCl Z, rolaliwly in its supporting screw 81., by enguguu-znt of the pin 80 with the foorlljar and he drug oi? the rutchotwheel upon said bill. Thai; 1;-; to say, the downward movement of theplunger heaxl carries the pin 80*, into engagement with the feecl-bai', which causes the Hll'filllflrlfli? to move vertically the mlmil of i'he slot thus positioning tho mid bar as a pro-linunary to its functional :u-tion. The aring: 83 will cause tho mtclwl:-lmr I'm cugagzflu: wheel 76, and the upward monument, of the head will first cause. the screw M liosliilo in the slot 82, and thou engage the upper run! of the slot mul'lil't the I'Bllvhvb-hnr to drive the rutchcL-whwl. Tho pin 80" limits the downward movmnunt, of Lho ratchet-I'm.

The extent of engagement of the mullet-hmwith the ratchet-wheel is controlled by the :uljustinglm'ei' Having thus (lUSUl'llK'Kl tlw (ho-trails of my unvnlinu thu following nuu'lw of operation nil] hv rmuiily umlm'stoml {ll living dm iil'ud to print :nnl pron-Pl tho numvi'n s of :1 given chwk, the np g-mtm' lint doprvssub the cow trolling-Imi- (I? lay the liugw: ill, i9, as shown in Fig. 8, resulting in l'rjr'lciugg llu l uml hm U) and elevating flu 'r o'l l'fllill Tl, l ll':})[)f'1 -5, :uul the uww-zr-lhoi L 12ml its im- 95. The gugulm) 11' will humhr-un imwlourlly .svl in [)(mltiufl Ui'E'FK-lll llllllllg' to the width of he vhe rh or flu; lisfwuu-u ml tho .wpucu For the minim-uh: from {he mp uilg'e of ho vhvclc. The rhw-h man how be imwrloal in the spuw between rho inn-plum l f ll, tho overfuruu' ug flillHP-lh lllUHR 15 o the lllmil'lllli? pml Will low vntm' -ll M1? llw whim: mm! It iup 5 91 -n 7 w-i fhv gag-i Mir 1 The trollnigphm (a will now In w l liy ii. Th? (hem heel 4 will W tho hi" ml lo and pointer 27, until tho poiutm" sci wter Willa illnfltfilicrlvuxzutter to h i1 4 or ukiuiul upon the check, Tlheplwgw will now proaswl by pressing upon the l which will (l pres th t.llQ--Tlil (il mul. bring tho divsii d 11111110111] orvha .mlvrrlw1con into iv ng furuml I miiperutinn Wilih the culling-hum of tho Elli plate, thus simultaneously winning film do EUuLi olun'aci'er and mom {ho :1

luhi'izzi of liruwheel; throu qluml llw l mu uz'y of said e'l'uuzu'tm with :1 plurality of piuzsflvl runs o mph- 43through thrl'lmlLl'lHl of flu (zhcrrlc. :lfhu pru'itingninh' fhm illh 'llll??? Hi}Jl(')l/Ul;y ilicoi' nu-ntml in and with the :jlilll'iilt! thus impmsqml and prvvenl's any poz-isihilily of altui'ation. As the handle is I'UlCLLSl'Ll. and the plunger is rvtumvrl lo itx upper UXlJUJllO,

1hr: mtchebhzu' 80 engages tho rululmb'whuol 7G for a limited rolm'y movmnuut, thus lumiug the fOUd-Wlll'lll 74 posil'ivvly, which, in cooperation with the roller 13, will nezulily food the check forward the extent. (hmi rod for spacing the next nuiumnl or lllll'i fllfll, next 0 he? lll'lIiI'PSf-ifld, from llmonv lust imfu'vwml. This Pill 94. on llu; spring lino Ht; of H10 IY'rBsul -flutfi, compels (he vluwk, :m if is l'vd forward, lo take an iuwzml courso tmuling to 01-0 wd the sumo toward the gzlgwhar 1- lhus causing the successive characters to be imu'vss'ud in a straight line. Tl'lu: pi'vssurv of tho spring-ton 93 may he regulalml, or the loo nmy be entirely lifted from cooperation with the chook, by means of the shout hm. 109, carried on the inner end of the pin 110,

. plate 29 can be can then be quickly compactly h the slot 111, at the lower edge of the dia late 22, the said bar 109 extending under t e spring-toe 93 and sliding horizontally along its length from its rear toward its free end, thus having a lifting action on said toe against its inherent spring tendency to press 'downwa'rdly. These operations are repeated for every character desired except when a given character is to be repeated, when the step of resetting the omter 27 may be omitted. When the dle-wheel is rotated or turned, the inking-roller and distributing -roller are likewise turned by frictional contact, the inking-roller ap lying its ink and the other roller equally distributing the ink over the die characters. When a character is to be repeated in succession, the same operation may be repeated so as to ink the character as a preliminary to each im rint. Thus, the characters im ressed wil be uniform in appearance and too much ink will not be applied, and one will not appear lighter than others. If the die-wheel is turned carelesslg', or if, b any chance, the same should not e set so that the desired character is squarely over the die-plate 5, the die-wheel will, as the plunger is depressed, be turned in either direction, as may be re uired, the additional amount necessary'to p ace the re uired numeral directly over the dielate 5 or proper and accurate coiiperation etween the two, this being brought about as before stated by the engagement of the vertex 104, of the which entends throu lug 103,iwith one or the other of the faces of that{ the path occupied From the fore 0mg it will be clear that, whenlthe parts 0 the machine are once ad justed or set for roper operation, no changes or adjustment are necessa except such as may be required to regulate the feed and brin into action the various parts of the die-w eel, as above described. Hence, the machine cannot readily get out of order or be put out of order, and as the partsare arranged, the movements are short, and the parts.are very strong, the machine is necessarily strong and durable. When a new inking-roll is required, the face- ;ug 105 which happens to traverse by said In mg the screws 30 and 31. The iliki -r0ller slipped from its journalroller ap lied to the latter. The faceplate keeps thelnking-roller on its journal-pin. A new distributin -roller is seldom required. The removal 0 the faceplate 29 also permits adjustment of thefeedregulator 88-89, the upperedge of the dial-plate when the plunger-head is in its upper position. The stop-pin I06, which limits the upward movement of the plunger, prevents the lnkln roller from impingm against the inner 51 e of the frame and the atter is preferably holpin and a new frame members bein quickly removed by remot the latter being just below lowed out as at 107 and 107 to accommodate the rolls 57 and ,64 during any movement the lever 54 may have, as when an inking-roller is removed or a plied. In Figs. 6 and 12, the material of a c eck for example, is indicated at 108, and in theflatter figure the manner in which the 006 crating knife edges, of the dial-plate and 'e-projections, score or out through the material of the check, can be readily seen.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1s: a

1. A check printing machine comprisin a frame mem er having a base; ,a second frame member carried by, and overhanging, the base member; scoring and printing means carried by the whereby said scoring and printing means are caused to operate u on the work; a a bar frictionally held etween, and sli a i e relatively to, said frame members and extending from side to side of said members within the machine; and means carried by said gage-bar whereby the samemay be manipulated from the outside of Ethe ma chine. f i

2. A check printing machine comprising a casing; means inclosed by said dasllng for marking a check; said casing having a check-guiding slot one part of which is-at frame members; means an angle to the other; an adjustable gagebar extending across one portion;- of said slot from side to side of the machine; and means carried by said gage-bar at its opposite ends outside of the casing for m nipulating said bar within said slot to regulate the width of the latter to accommodate the varying widths of 'chiecks.

3. A check rinting; machine comgrising aframe mem or having a base; a second frame member carried'by, and overhanging, said base; scoring and ried by the frame mem ers; means Whereby said scoring and printing means are caused to operate upon the work; thetwo spaced apart to form uideways at an ang e to each other; a gagefiar frictionally held in said guideway and (attending entire] across the same from side to side of t e /machine; and means whereb the gage bar may be manipulated from t e outslde oflthe machine.

4. check .tion, a frame composed of two, so arable rlnting means carprotector having, incombimimembers having a check-guidi ot b e tween them; check seormg an rmtlng means mounted to operate within t frame; a

a agebar extending across the frame from side to side between the two frame mainbers within said slot; feeding means within the frame arranged to advance the check parallel with the gage-bar; and means for lao manipulating the gage-bar fromlthe outside of the maohin 5. A. cheek protector having an inclosing fruno and, in combination therewith, a

plunger, and means for mounting the plunger in the framr whereby the same may have rotary and also righbline reeirnoom tory i'nm'emonts; a lie-wheel having die characters extending parallel with its axis and said \vln-ol being carried by said plunger with its axis at an angle in the latter; ltlfuus cooperating with the die wheel. for scoring the rheok; means for ink ing the characters of the (lie-Wheel; means for feeding the chuck immediately aller each impression made by the (lie-Wheel; and means tu'ling upon the rherk for positively guiding the same through the machine.

6. A cheek protector having an inelosing frame; a plunger mounted in sairl frame so as to have rotary tilhl also right-line recip roratorr movonu.-nt.:-.: a die-Wheel journalod to opernl with Hlllfil plunger, said Wheel having a olumil'tj; of peripheral Cltl!!lCL--i'n arrango'l paralle w ll the Yis f anal wheel; nun-ins roiiperutii'ig \Vll'll the (characlrrs ol wi l wring; the r moans; for inlrinnthe rlmrzrstrrs; inelileerling the whorl; immm'lintel v altw: Huh impression made it) the nliaraolor, and means for msitively guiding the cheek through the protector.

7. A -ln-el-r protector unnprising a frame having a, has-(member anal an overhaz'igring member forming between them a space through nhirh the wheel; mny be guided; a rotary die-wheel mounted. in the front of the overhanging member; a cooperating dieplatr rarrierl by the base-member" a member. in which the dicnvheel is carr :(h mounted in sairl overlmnginn member and ('onlinml to wrtvirn reeiproeations therein to more tl: \vhi-rl toward and Iron. the (lieplalr; a trolling nmehanism having a feerl- IlHllllJll' arranged in eoZf-nerativo relation to (ho vliov'vln-ol in rrar thereof; and means lorntwl in th 8}:21'11 lwtavron the two frame luemln-rs and in rear of the feed-member for guiding a rherk through the machine.

R. A. rhvrk protorlior comprising aframe vill loi having' a haso-lnonxhrr anrl an overhanging r nu-mlwr forming bllWQQll them a space through \vhirh the check may be guided; a IllllllllOl mounted in the overlmnging memher so as to he reoiprocaterl therein; a rotary (lie-whorl mounlwl in said last-in'uned momhvr alul arranged at the front of the over" hanging mrmln'r; a cooperating (lioplate rarriril Ivy the haso-nuulilmr; feeding mrolia- IllHlll having a fmahmemher arranged in (:0- opvrative relation to the die-Wheel in rear thereof; means located in the space between the two frame-members and in rear of the 'lvvrl-nmnher for guiding a, check through the niarhino; and means for engaging the check in front of the feed-member and 00-- operating with the rear guiding means to advance the check in a straight course through the machine.

9. A (llCCli protector comprising a frame having two separable parts combined so to provide a oheelogllirling slot or space be-- tween them; ehorlr-sooring moans arrai'igerl in if vl pmfllllu relation at the front of the frame; fouling lnerlnrnism having a foulmember arranged in rear of the ohech-seoo ing means; guiding means lor the cheek extending auross the frame within the same and in rear of the 'l'reding member; and Lilrlitional checlogniding means arrargeil in front of the fuelling means and operating to keep the check in engagement with the first named guiding means.

10. In a check protector, l'he co1nl.\in-.1tio1i oi a casing for receiving a check to be marked; nmans in the casing for marking {he rhoek; a l'emlingdnentour normally in aosiiiinr to engage llna top of and. lie-ell a rim-h; cooperation; ielding; means for nornmllv engaging: the loo ol and controlling the rln-Qk; and a. controller \H( )i,l'lltlng with. will yngllling men and Mt-"Ir o'lg u sid ilnmar-am for lil ling the yielding means from the rherli.

l2. a rherlr promoter the romliinalior. of a casing for rweeiving a cherl; in he marlowl; means in the casing; for marking the ihrrk; feeding means having leecl nioinla-r normally in position 10 engage the ol ot' :iiltl feed a rhvrk; a pressorloot for normally engaging the top of and oonfroh ling the rheeh; and a controller cooperating with the sairl fPQll-lilfilllltll"HIHl said presser foot. and extending ()tlls'ltll} of the man-lime for lifting said femlanemlwr and foot; from the rhrclr.

1?. .ln a. rher-h prolector, the con'iliination f a. casing for rewiring a Cheri: to be l lall'lfl'iil means in tlnwasine for oiofking i'ln' rhrrla: l

i'veiliiw' moans havinq a few.-

r v A nve nln'n normally lll position ro engage the top ol' and fifi'il, a rho-"h; a, resser-loot for normally engaging the top of and conbroL ling tho rhrrk; a stripper cooperating with the check-marking means and arranged to normally engage the cheek; and a controller cooperating with the said feed-member, resser-foot and stripper for lifting the same from the cheek;

13. A check protector comprising a frame having a faeeanemlier and an overhanging member assoeiai'ed so as to provide a space between the hvo through wlurh a rheck may ho passed: a plunger moimtrrl n the overhanging member; a head confined. lo right line reciprorations in said latter member; connections between the head and plunger enabling the latter to be rotated;- a rotary die-wheel having a. plurality of Separated executive faces journsled in the head; a dieplate mounted in the frame for cooperation with the executive faces of the die-wheel;

means connecting the plunger and die-wheel for i-otatin the latter so as tomove the said faces to e ective position; and means for insuring the accurate engagement of the ex ecutive faces of the die-wheel with the plate.

14. A check protector comprising a frame having a face-member and an overhanging member associated so as to rovide a space between the two through whlch a check may ,be passed; a plunger mounted in the over- .hanging member; a head confined to rightline reciprocations in said latter member; connections between the head and plunger enabling the latter to be rotated; a rotary (lie-wheel journaled in the head and having a plurality of separated executive faces arranged in parallelism with the axis of the wheel; a die-plate mounted in the frame for cooperation with the executive faces of the die-wheel; means connecting the plunger and die-wheel for rotating the latter so as to move the said faces to effective position; and means for insuring the accurate engagement of the executive faces of the die-wheel with the plate.

15. A check protector having, in combination, means for simultaneously scoring and printing the check; means for feeding the check through the machine; and means for maintaining the check in a straight line while being fed, including means for engaging the edge of the check; and means for operatin upon the check tending to move it toward 51c edge-guiding means.

16. A check protector having,

in combination, means for simultaneously scoring and printing the check; means for feeding the check through rotary member; and means for maintainm the check in a straight line while being is including edge-gin ing means and surfaceengaging means, the action of which'latter is to tend to force the check toward the edge-guiding and feeding means.

17. A check protector comprising means for marking a check; means for feeding a check through the protector, and a presserfoot mechanism for controlling the, action of the'check; the latter mechanism includin g a resilient toe for coiiperating with the check; and means whereby the toe may be lifted from the check without turbing the presser-foot mechanism. 1

18. A check protector comprising means 'for scoring a check; means for fee ing the check through the machine; means for pressing upon the check to maintain it in roper line in the machine said means tendmg to move the check inwardly; and means for stripping'the check from the check-scoring means.

19. The combination of a casing; means in said casing formarking a check; said casing having an opening for admitting the check; a toe having an oblique rib for enof into position to be marke the machine, including a lifting or dis-- gaging the check and tending to draw the same into the casing when the check is moved to be marked in several places in succession.

20. A dheck )lOtBCtOl comprisin means for marking a mock; meansfor feet in the check to bring the successive ortions t erea stripping device; a presser-foot; and means'for manually actuating the feeding means, the stripping device'and the presser-foot, said parts being connected to the actuating means so that the feeding means and the stripping device can first be lifted and then the presser-foot lifted from the check. 30 21. A check protector comprisin means for marking a c eck; means for is in the check to bring the successive ortions t areof into position marke a stripping device; and means for manually actuating 35 the feeding means and the stripping device, said parts being connected to the actuating means so'that.the feeding means and the stripping device can be lifted from the check. a

22. In a check protector,

. the combination of a casing having means therein for marking a check; a feed-bar in the casing; means for feeding the check; a presser-foot and a stripper plate carried by the feed-bar; and means for actuatingsaid feed-bar to separate the feeding means, the pressenfoot and the stripper plate from the-choc 23. A casing comprising an angle-piece forming the bottom and back, and an inverted U-shaped piece forming the top and sides, said casing having 3 aces between said angle-piece and said U- aped piece to provide a passage through the casing from side to side thereof, and means for markin a check in said casing as it is passed throng said passage.

24. A casingfor a check protector comprising an angle-piece forming the bottom and back, an inverted U-shaped piece forming the top and sides and. secured to the top of the back so as to cause the U-shaped piece to overhang the base, said casing having spaces between said angle piece' and said U-shaped piece to provide a passage through which a check may be passed from side to side ofthe frame, substantially as described.

25. A check protector comprising a casing, and means inclosed b said casing for marking a check, said casing having a s ace for admitting said-check,-and an adjustable bar extending through said space from side to side thereof and swing manipulating means at its opposite ends outside the casing to varying the xt nt of said space.

26. A check protector com risinga casing and means in said casing or markin a check, said casing having a space exten ing into the same in one direction and then extending in another direction to admit he check to be marked, whereby a check of greater extent than one of the dimensions of the casing can he received by the casing, and means for varying the length of said space.

27. A check protector having a frame provided with a base and solid back; dialed face and solid ends or sides; the face and si e; being associated with the back so as to. overhang the base and provide an L-shaped slot between them through which the check may be guided; and a gage bar frictionally held in Hal-i slot and having means on the outside of the frame for manipulating the same to adjust the slot for varying widths of checks.

28. In a check protector, the combination of a die-wheel and a die-plate said wheel, and plate having cooperative. cutting edges extending diagonally of the axi thereof; means for rotating the wheel and reciproeating it in a right-line relatively to the dieplate; and means for relatively adjusting said wheel and plate in the direction of the axis of the Wheel so as to enable the cutting edges to be set in proper cooperative posltion.

29. In a check protector, the combination of 1 rectangular casing having guide-ways in opposite sides, a plunger having a head the ends of which cooperate with said guideways, a die-wheel carried by the plunger head, a feed wheel mounted in said casing below the plunger head, feeding means cooperating with the feed wheel, and means carried by the plunger head for actuating said feeding means.

30. A check protector comprising a scoring mechanism for marking a check; inking mechanism cooperating with the scoring mechanism whereby the latter may also ink the scored part of the check; feeding means for advancing the check to the scoring means; multiple means operating upon the edge and surface of the check for properly guiding the check to the scoring means under control of the feeding means; and means for shifting a part of the scoring means whereby the characters may be brought to the printing position.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.


' Witnesses CHAS. MoG. CHAPMAN, M. Hnnsxovnz.

US1260170A Check-protector. Expired - Lifetime US1260170A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4712935A (en) * 1985-11-04 1987-12-15 The Standard Register Company Blank document guard in a check writing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4712935A (en) * 1985-11-04 1987-12-15 The Standard Register Company Blank document guard in a check writing machine

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