US1244389A - Combination-chair. - Google Patents

Combination-chair. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1244389A
US1244389A US8380616A US8380616A US1244389A US 1244389 A US1244389 A US 1244389A US 8380616 A US8380616 A US 8380616A US 8380616 A US8380616 A US 8380616A US 1244389 A US1244389 A US 1244389A
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United States
Prior art keywords
frame
chair
foot
brace
pivoted
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Expired - Lifetime
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US8380616A
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Edgar E Stockwell
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O'BRIEN MERRILL Inc
BRIEN MERRILL Inc O
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BRIEN MERRILL Inc O
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C3/00Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats
    • A47C3/02Rocking chairs
    • A47C3/025Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame
    • A47C3/027Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame with curved rocking members between seat and base frame

Description

E. E. STOCKWELL.

COMBINATION CHAIR.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 13. l9l6.

1 ,244,389. Patented Oct. 23, 1917.

2 SHEETS-SHEET n.

E. E. SVTOCKWELL.

COMBINATION CHAIR.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. t3. 1916.

1,244,389. Patented 001;. 23,1917.

ay citizli of the Unitedy States residing at and `useful Improvements in" Combination-` inventioriftoprovide Ia combination device i i fvvhiehgvmay be adjustedto a variety of pos`i-r tionstoprovide,i for-instance, a` chair, rockj a ing. chair, :af reclining chair,l a couch, letc. '15 And it isanvobject of this invention to pro- Jvidesuchaadvicehilight, strong andsim-v yple forlneasily and simply operated and fadusited7 and sightly in appearance. y jhesubject matter ofl the present appli- I 20 cationk andv a companionl application SLN. 183,805" filed `Marchfl, y1916, comprise the 'Whole i assembled device wliich includes a hchairi; couch,k lounging chair .combined` with.`

a booktrestfor desk- .v The adjustments yfor j 25, changing lthe position of parts of the chair,

t togsuit comfort ofj-theuser, are so placed i that the (position offv the parts, sayy of the back; or; `foot resti, -Arnay: bei changed with. `ease while theusen istsittingin the chair. The book rest or desir may be` adjusted toany i position bythe user-iwithoutyrising. A

i small light is placedl on thefdesk fornghty reading and in the wholedevice there is inf eludedy everything necessary ffor. the comfort Q35 andconvenienceof the user. i

I .Infitspreferred` i'orm my device embodies p a a a `footsupporting brace jfrarn'e 20 1s-piv0ted at-QI vto thefo0tframe`19 and has on yits free lend lu S OI' PrOjeCtionsjQZWhich-en 1 aces'of r'ockersl.` Adjustment oiltheposii' i afbase and a rocker"framefthereonmeans i ybeing providedffor setting the; rockerframe t 4o inwany; desiredyposition.

- have-shownsaidipreferred form of device.

tion` ofvmly `improved ldevice inonefo its i A o5' section itakenwasfin' ic'ated Erla-f2 '.on

Be itt `known that,IEDGAR- o Los `Angeles-,fin the "county of Los Angeles, t Stlteg of California-have invented. unevvy 1 Chars," `of .whatwe following ist specifi-1 a This inventif@ mes ai" tats, and', as l. like and` itis'adparticular object lof .this

over andwithin theside frame members y15,

t Back and foot frames arepivoted tothe roekerframe, or y tolth'efseatframe formedintheupperpart i many'vpositions Fi .R2is a `horizontal plan ShOWDgsthefdjevi'oe. as i in" yanother fone of` `lits v positionsfyFkigA'is a;horizontalsectiontaken v a as '.indicate dby line on Fig; 3,@ lbothj Figs.v 2 'andi showing the ldevicewithout ,a the upholstery. cushions vwhichare sl'iown'inl v` Figs. lgand, Fig. 5 ,is'asectionalfview Showing a vmodfictionxf. .the basa Lof my device,` and Fig is a-section'takenas indi`-' t [Intl e drawings I `have shovvn l Ortes anonnnsifnnrroania;ssrelvoa'ro i 'aim:cigares.fgrrzkiup,I or r:Los aNsELEs, lcanIronifna, apconronngglgj L il'ewhwdet-a; A111311'catterri-lietiMarch113i,` 1916. ySeriaI;idiot;$31,306'.uiy l i v rig 'agafv'eaiaif @ernaast base T10 mounted `upon,frollers or ycasters'll.`

In the drawings I haveshovvn these casters c of the ordinarysmallfsize abut larger rollers or Wheels may besubstituted so as to make mychair particularly adapted -for yuse asfan n invalid: chair to be easily Wheeled abouti This. variation, and other variations,ingthef f structure will loe` referred to hereinafter.` l t 12,'`01Ining rolling surfaces for the rockers i' The. base 10 has upper longitudinal surfaces 13.;- `Rockers 13 .form part of side framesv 14 vhavn upprhorofltalmembers 15, One `on eachlsideofthe chair, ,Thehorizontal mern-` bers, `15 are. Curved. upwardlyig-Ml their frpll andrear ends, as' shown at 15%, and carry the;

pivots '16 and suffire-The,.Ibackammala of, the chvairvisypivotedjto the pivot( 17while'' The-foot `frame 19 is` normally'folded-vbackas isillustrated in Figsf and ibut when the `foot frame is invuse it lis thrown. outthefootfrarne 19 is pivoted tothe pivotsvm; a. ,a p v *n l as y i wardly tosuch` a -fp'osition as islillustrated l "infFigsL` 1 and`2;r ,and;is then supported by" the foot 'supportingbraee frame 20. This age'iniratc et teeth 23 formed .on thein'ner tion of 'foot `frame 19 may be ,easily made by raising the brace frame 20 and raisllgiQlf a lowering the foot frame to thedesired posi- Y i tion.'` In Fig; 1 `the footiframe shown extending approximately on a line withthe i frame members 15 ;-,butthe foot irame. may` beeither` raised from this position or lowered considerably,` to support the! user?s feet la and legs in lany desired position.` Ati-the for-1 ward end kof the footframe I fiprovide. a

smalll end frame l25,pivoted to the foot'` rframe at-26so that [it maybefthrown downy 2 lffzfiflsaisV Yated as to form a rest against whichY the occupans feetl may beplaced; 'audit has` either up or down. vFor instance, if'it is desired to lower the foot frame, itis yonly,Vl

necessary to insert the heel in end frame 25 and raise the foot frameso as to raise-its-- weight QH the brace frame 20, andfthenilift brace frame with the'- other foot,llower the foot frame tothe desired'positio'n andtheny drop the brace'frame, when theylugs 22 ywill dropjintoy the ratchets 23' and [hold the foot frame in the desired position. This may` all beaccomplished vwithout using they hands a'tall.

' The backframe 18 is pivotedat 17: tothe' sideA barsV 175, as hereinbefore stated. 'This back frame normally stands, when ythe device is used asa chair, in or near a vertical position. A supporting frame 30 is pivoted at 31 to the back frame, said supporting frame'vhaving a cross bar 32 near its lower end. This supporting frame is turned at right angles to the back frame and'becjomes the support for the back frame when the back frame is laid down to thel position indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1. p It will be understood that the back frame may be thrown from avertical toa horizontalposition, being inor near the Vertical position when the device` is usedas a chair, in'anangular position whenthe device is used as a reclining chair, and in a horizontal position whenfthe device is used as a couch.,y When used fas-a chair the supporting frame 30 is used vas va means for holding the cushion 33, which; cushion is the one placed on the foot frame 19 when the foot 'frame is extended as shownV in Fig. l. The back frame and footframe are provided with :interior wooden frames 18a and 192 respectively,

which frames may have facings of ratanor thellike, as indicatedat 18b and 19", 'these frames formingg the supports for the upholstery cushions. There 'is also an interior woodenfraine 15A with ratan or other facing 15b secured in the frame formed y'by the two 4side members 15V and cross members 15, The cushion 34 isl placed upon the interior 'woodenfframe 15a .when the device is in the position shown in Fig. 1, andplacedv upon the interior wooden frame .19? when, the device is in the position shown in Fig. 3. The frame 19 has ratan or other 'facings on both its sides, so that, whichever side of the frame is uppermost, there will be a smooth Aframel facing' upon which to placeithe 'seat-cushion 34. The 'back 'cushion 35 is madev to conform tothe back frame. When the device is completely extended, used-as a lcouch, the three cushions areall in use; but rwhenusetl asa chair, ythe foot-frame cushion1isheld behind the back, as hereinbeforehdeseribed.

' The means for holding the back` frame up in any, desired position will. now. be de; scribed; Arms 40ans piv.oted. at,4lto.back frame 18 and are pivoted at their forward ends', at v4 2 to curved levers 43 which are pivoted at 44 to the members 15. A brace 4.6is pivoted to the leversf1435at, 45,

consisting of side bars 47 and a horizontal *connectingf-bar'48f below the members 15. The brace bars 46 have lugs or thellike, 49, which engage `With rathetffteeth 50"011y the side members 15. These ratchet teeth are covered*` by shields 51't0 vprotect the Yapparel frombeing caught in the ratchetf teeth. A small handle 52is Vprovidedso'thatthe occupant, sittingY in the 'chair-, can raise the ratchet frame 46- and then move the back frame to any desired position, allowingythe ratchet frame to again fallend-engage the ratchet teeth 50 to holdthe back in the desiredvposition. Itwill benoticed thatarms 40 move with the back; and; when the back has'been moved; downto the position indi-i cated Ebv dotted linesin Figfl, then the arms 40 have moved down to a position where they are almost or `oj-uitecompletelybelow the cushions yon `the bottom and back-frames; so that the device `then becomes a'couchf-with no part projecting above the upper surface of the-cushion. lInthe extreme horizontal position ofthe back frame, the ratchet frame 46 does. not entirely leave engagementfwith the ratchet-teeth 50, 'but the lugsv49rideonsthe last*- tooth surface 50a; sothat, when p itis desired to againraise thebackflframeyi't is not necessaryA -to re/ngage the flugs 49 with the ratchet teeth 50.; r Grdinarilyv the back can-not` be moved forward, orcannot fallforward, from its vertical position, due to the lugs 49 catching under-projections 5()b at the ferwardgend `offratchet-teeth 50; But-the backcanibewfolded downlflat on theseatby raisingthe brace frame 46so as to raise lugs 49' overtheprojections-50".l vThe chair, th'us folded, occupies but' aY veryl small space, and can bel easily Ypackedor shippingpurposes orl put in anv automobile 4for camping use.

I have previously reifer-redv .to the rockers lfresting upon the surfaces I12pt the bottom frame-10. 0n eachside of the bottom v frame I-'provide aveurved or sector-shaped guide 60;; and, the rockers 13v :have a transverse -611 which passes 'throughthese guides 60,` Therod 61 screws into one of the rockers at one end, as shown atf62. 0n `the rod between the guides GOftherel is -a spacer sleeve 63:; Vandwon ythe outsidewof theother rocker-there isa col1ar64 onrod 61 Alhamdlel'provides Vfor turning, the rod tonscrew orunserew it, .When the rod. gis-screwed up tightly the. .rockers .v areV held tightly against thegguides 60,2 so thatl the .whole `chair 'may be rigidly. set in' any position desired,I either hozonhILy-or at :any desired. angle., When the rod.' 6-1v fis loosened, than thenchair `is lto- Yrock upon the surfaces 12. I provide springs 65 tolimitthe `rocking motion'and to ive acertain resilient action- ,v i

" ow, Iv`1nay'providermeans for'qrocking the chair fmechanicallyfasbyyproviding a y small motor 7() .which loperatesja crankl connected by connecting y.rod17 2 to the frame l. io'f the. chair aty any convenientpoint." 3A' .g switch y73 `may bepmounted uponthe chair iatv any convenientv oint, as'on one'ofjthe n la`1'ms40, for ntrol ing the motor 70. i 1; E" f ,In Fig. 511 have'shownalvariationwherein thc bottomor base frame 10 is provided with large. rubber'ltired wheels 11, so ythat the chair may be easily rolled as an invalidchair, or the like. vAnd; Ilmay also providel lion thefchair, whether the largegwheels are` i l lorjnotya device such as illustratedin `Fi 15 for' holdingfthe chair ilynmOVable.; bThlsIrjlay embody such` an arrangement" as a rodfl80 havingfeet 81ywith"rubber'lti`ps.` `The rod andy its feet are moved vertically,

` operated-by handle 85 at one side of the chair. Any suitable means maybe employed to hold the crankand handle in either of v`their positions. f 2A `clamp 100 is shownattached to member i, v"15 .which is adapted tohold a book rest, etc., which is the sub'rct matter of a companion application, S." '83,805 filed March y13, 121916. The book rest is so attached as to "rockwith the chair and keep in the same relative lposition to the user.

Having now descrlbed a preferred form seen that my invent1on provides an adjustable mechanism which ma ybe put` into position for a great variety o uses. And it will` be furtherknoticed thatchanges in the positions lof thek various parts mayl be easily ymade by the occupantwithout rising from J the-chair; The various partsof the chair i `are all so balanced `that they are `easily mov-k able;` andthe device as a wholeisv extremely is of-light construction. f y i Having described thefpreferred form 1 of my inventioml claim:

1.`.In combinatlon', avba'se, a rocker frame'- j com u: magwien, be obtained for guided .byy bearing 83 byy a small crank v84',l

of device embodyingmy invention,`itwill` be."

- the back framebeing moved .forward ofsaid strong and rigid, in spiteof the facty that it 'adapted to rock on said a back f y l `pivoted to the back end of` said rocker frame,

afoot frame pivoted vto the forwardend of said rocker frame, means `for adjustably supportingA the back frameand foriadjustablyf downwardly to a horizontal position-and be thrown 'forwardly and downwardly `a a.: i horizontal `position [over the rqker frame" and said footA frame adapted to "normallyk fold ,back and .down `over the `rocker "framefjyk rocker frame, and manually yreleasable` means mately vertical position. y 2.fIn-a rdevice of` he character described,

aaseat frame and'supporting means `therefor,

said seat frame, m'eansto` adjustably support i the `back frame, `and manuallyfreleasable movement of the back rame'forwardly of` `an approximately vertical position'.4 n

means to ynormally-prevent the :forward-1.

3. `In a device of the character described,

a seat frame and supporting means therefor,1", f i l l v a back frame pivotedv to the rearendof the vseat frame, meansto adjustablyfsupportjthe .g v y -back frame, sald means includinga bracey i frame composed of two brace varms and a horizontalr tie rod and including horizontalA ratchet teeth on the'scat frame adapted to be..y engaged by :the brace arms, there being an f overhanging hook at one end oftheratchet teeth adapted tobe el'igagedl by they brace]` arms when thebackframeis in-ap'proXi--k mately verticalposition-.to normally preventy position.

yIn witness l have hereunto subscribed `my name this day'of March 1916.

l v EDGAR Witnesses:

v ELwooD H. Bammmw,

JAMEs T. BARKELEW.

vecenta each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patenti, Washington, D. G. f y i fsupportingthe foot frame, saidback framey bengadapted to bethrowll .l0amlnivardlyl.saldi:y y.

out

76g l. a back frame pivoted tothe rearendottheA `seat frame vso :as to-. swing forwardly `onto* that Iclam the ,foregoing 1 `thw

US8380616A 1916-03-13 1916-03-13 Combination-chair. Expired - Lifetime US1244389A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2524418A (en) * 1948-04-16 1950-10-03 Berkline Corp Locking device for rocking chairs
US2543543A (en) * 1947-08-14 1951-02-27 Gomes Charles Collapsible beach rocking chair
US2698649A (en) * 1950-07-28 1955-01-04 No Sag Spring Co Lock to prevent chairs from rocking on bases
US2828802A (en) * 1952-05-20 1958-04-01 Herman W Maurer Combined tilting chair and foot rest
US2841802A (en) * 1955-05-12 1958-07-08 Jack T Leverett Combined crib or bed rocker and shaker
US3053570A (en) * 1961-01-05 1962-09-11 Seng Co Rocker fixture
US4775184A (en) * 1986-11-26 1988-10-04 Larkin Lloyd V Rocking chair

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2543543A (en) * 1947-08-14 1951-02-27 Gomes Charles Collapsible beach rocking chair
US2524418A (en) * 1948-04-16 1950-10-03 Berkline Corp Locking device for rocking chairs
US2698649A (en) * 1950-07-28 1955-01-04 No Sag Spring Co Lock to prevent chairs from rocking on bases
US2828802A (en) * 1952-05-20 1958-04-01 Herman W Maurer Combined tilting chair and foot rest
US2841802A (en) * 1955-05-12 1958-07-08 Jack T Leverett Combined crib or bed rocker and shaker
US3053570A (en) * 1961-01-05 1962-09-11 Seng Co Rocker fixture
US4775184A (en) * 1986-11-26 1988-10-04 Larkin Lloyd V Rocking chair

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