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US1239041A - Belt-support for aviators. - Google Patents

Belt-support for aviators. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1239041A
US1239041A US12101716A US1239041A US 1239041 A US1239041 A US 1239041A US 12101716 A US12101716 A US 12101716A US 1239041 A US1239041 A US 1239041A
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Prior art keywords
belt
end
aviator
cable
eye
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Alliott Verdon Roe
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Alliott Verdon Roe
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D25/00Emergency apparatus or devices, not otherwise provided for
    • B64D25/02Supports or holding means for living bodies
    • B64D25/06Harnessing

Description

A. V. ROE. BELT SUPPORT FR AVATOHS. APPUCATIDNHLEDSEPLIS.1916

1,239,041, l Patented sept 1, 1917.

,S e" a j r .l1/190C. fn vanmr The'naiure and sco e ofm volition will be more ully un erstood from UNITED STATES PATENT oEEioE.

ALLIOTT VERDON ROE, 0F MANCIESVTER, ENGLANDI BELT-SUPIORT FOR AVIATOBS.

Spccieation f Letters Patent.

Patented sepaa, 1917.

Application iiled September 19, 1916. Serial No. 121,017.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, A Lnio'r'r VERDON Ron, a. 'subject ofthe King of Great Britain,i residingat Manchester, En land, have invented certain new and usefu Improvements in Belt-Supports for Aviators, of which the following is a specification.y

This invention 4relates to improvements in the construction of belts or safety harness, for'the use of a pilot, or other aviator, especially on an aeroplane.

The object of the invention is to construct a belt which can be easily adjusted both for vertical and horizontal position in re ard to the car of the aerial machine, and w ich also may quickly be disconnected at any time from the person of the aviator. l

Though not strictl a belt, belt is the term commonly use for this device, and accordingly this term will be used herein. Moreover, although the harness is really a broad pad located across the chest of the aviator, many aviators prefer a com lete belt, and a connecting strap around the ack of ,the Vwearer and attached to the pad in front, may be used if desired.

lMy invention, stated in general terms, consists-of means designed pilot. toquickly adjust his belt in order to su port himself in a convenient position in re ation tothe seat of an aeroplane or other aerial craft, and so that vby withdrawing or o enixig. devices arranged on the belt for tllibpurpose `he can instantaneously detach himself from the aeroplane.

present inthe following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings formpart thereo, in which mh l 1 is a side elevation showing one side ofthe cable connection to an aeroplane fuselage;

Fig. 2is a plan Vview to a smaller scale showin the complete attachment generally; Fig; yis a artia'l side view of Fig. 2; Fig. 4` isa ront view of the belt or harness roper, as seen opened out when detach from the aviator; and

Fig. 54 is a modified `form of device for quickly detacliii'ig hthe belt from its supports.

Referring first to Figs. 1 and 23% a, b

represent two rails of an aeroplane fu. aj

c, d aretwo cables,'of which c attached or enabling a ythe double looped nuts the iink Hy i0 the beit A assesbackwra The. cleats .e and Vf are arran ed coivenl iently alongside the pilot, or o server, for' f his normal osition, and other cleats u and lv are placed arther back as shown, 4so that in the event of the wearer wanting more freedom for a temporary purpose, 0r otherwise, he will simply unhook the cables from e and f and v'place them on u and c; with a,4

distance of about six inches say, between the cleats e and u, this will allow of the aviator quickly .having a further forward play of six inches, other cleats-may be provided if desired. -1

Fig. 1 shows a means of connecting the cable c with the eye-bolt 0 so that its length is adjustable. is a nut threaded on the eye-bolt o and 'havin perforated wings to which the two ends o a loop g are attached, a tubular piece or bend v1 being threaded on the bend of the loop so as to strengthen it whereV attached to' the end Iof the cable c. s is a spring tongue closiii the mouth of the cleat so that the eye-bo t 'shall be kept in place when the cables are slack.

I4 ig. `3 `illustrates the belt or harness on the aviator to which the cables c and d 'connect by means of the divided endssj attached to A is the chest pad which 4ma either be integral with the extensions Cf, vor instance if wholly of leather, or .itjmay ,be made of elastic material' connected by the jointing f piecesB with the ends .0. M is a shoulder strap provided with )lress button olasps'NIjl (two each side) 'whio allow ofthe belt being adjusted at 'three different heightsby attachment to a press button on each side of the pad, according to which clasps are used'.

The connection always near the seat w is' by means o Vthe links H with threaded ,Shanks whichare Ato the stay? ropes jwhich.-z may advantageously be held by the slintgs w threaded into 'wingd nuts t'fo'rined with4 i loo win to. whic the cable endA is.V at'fV 1 tac ed a' inpassing through `the sling rings w,- these links H are connected to the belton the belt.

To adjust the length of the stay ropes the links H are detached and turned inor out of' the nuts c', according tothe adjustment re uired, and this can be done very quickly.

ig. 5 illustrates afm'odifed form of fastening forthe turned back end D; it is provided with a link I which passes over a lever J pivoted at K K in the known two-position manner, the pivot platev su ots K K being firmly stitc ed to the part 'C and the pivot ends of the lever J being formed with lugs, or `miniature levers, which serve in conju'nctionwiththe spring of the pivot support to keep the lever J in the closedor open position, as set. j

The pad A may be of either elastic or nonextersible material; the position on the chest is desirable as the aviator` is best able to take a shock there, say of abad landing, or of a smash.

The aviator Vby means of this invention may quickly gain a freedom of movement equal to the distance a art of the cleats 6,4, )xccise adjustments or his normal posit1on nuts i. f

The ability to gain extral freedom ysud# denly is of great importance inthe case of a gunner, say on, an aeroplane 'as otherwise he might have to disconnect hisbelt altogether. Y

Rings fw or similar provision may be made for securing the belt ends of the cables c d easily within reach of ,thel aviatorv for reattachment after-disuso.

The several ,features of the present invention' are'not limited to the yprecise construction and arran ementof devices described, and many modi cations and changes may be i made therein without departing from the spirit of this invention; for instance, hooksV rmight be used instead of the eye-bolts o and holes e' also a hook for the belt connection liiurthema single cable ,with-duplicate enV s and Y 'ne set of. cleats might -be emplqyed if bifurcated far enough back from the aviator.

Having thus described the nature and objects of my and desire to secure by vLetters Patent is g 1. An adjustable support for aviators conporting the piv- .v

sisting of a eing made by the eye-bolt o or the mouth of said cleats, Aand an ina bracket corresponding to the cleat ing invention, what I claim as new sisting of a belt or harness having av link ab tached to each end of same, a cable from each said link and van eye-bolt thereon at its other end, means for su .a bend in each cable whereby it' 1s doub ed back toward the aviator, and two or more .cleats attached to the aircraft on each eide and within easy reach of the aviator to which the said eye bolts are connected. ,A

2. An adjustable support for aviators consisting of a belt or harness having links ate tached to its ends, a doubled back length of the belt at each end inclosing said link, means for securing the doubled back length at each end so as to' be readily unfastene a cable from each said link and an eye bolt thereon at its other end, means for supporting a bend in each cable whereby 1t is doubled back toward the aviator, and two or morecleats attached to thel aircraft on each side and within easy reach of the aviator` to which the said eye bolts are connected.

3. An adjustable support for aviators'conbelt or harness ha `with threaded shanks attached to `e ends of same, nutsjon the said Shanks, cables attached to the said nuts, threaded eye bolts, 4nuts on the said eye bolts, cables attached to the eye bolt nuts, means' for suppo a bend in each cable whereby it 1s doub ed back toward the aviator, and two or more cleats attached to the aircraft on each side and within easy reach of the'aviator to whi the said eye boltsfare connected.

4. An djustable support for aviatorsconsistin o a belt or harness vhaving a link attach vto each end of same, a cable from each said link and an eye bolt thereon st its' loo other end, adjustable means for connecting v up the cable at either end, .a bracketand sup port located behind the aviator for sup rting a bend in each cable, two or more coats on the air craft body adjoining the aviators seat on each side, flexible tongues closingthe adgllstable shoulder strap attachment to the t, 4all substantially Aas andA for the purpose set l forth.4

5. In an adjustable sup the combination with a be t'or harness having a link attached to each end of same, of cables -detachably connecting the said-links with the aircraft bod a doubled back length of the belt at eac end inclosin the said link, a `loop fastening on `the oose 'doubled back end and on the belt respectively, and a pin connecting the loop fastenings. l l 6. In an adjustable support for aviators the combination with a belt 0r harness'hava link attached to each end of same, of' cables detachably connectin thesaid links with the aircraft body, a dou led backlength ofthe belt at each end inclosing the said link, means for securing the loose doubled ort for aviators hack end so that `it maybe quickly anfastened', anY adjustable shoulder strap support press button connections between the said strap andnthe belt.

7. In an adjustable support for aviators,

the combination with a belt or harness haw.

4ing a link with a threaded shank attached Ito each end of saine, of c'ables detaehably conneeting the Said links with the aircraft body, a doubled back end of the belt at each end inclosing the said link, means for securing the doubled back end so that it ,may be quickly unfastened, and a cable eonnection to the said link comprising a nut on the threaded shank of same, looped Wings on the nut, and loops on a bifurcated end of the cable, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth. ing the beit on the wearer, and two or more 8. An adjustable support for aviators consisting of a belt or harness having a link at tached to each end of same, a cable from each said link and an eye boltv thereon at its other end, means for supporting a bend in 'each cable whereby it is doubled back toward the aviator, two or more cleats attached to the aircraft on each side and within easy reach of the aviator t0. which the said eye bolts are connected and an ad'ustable shoulder strap supporting the said elt, with two or more press button connections between the said shoulder strap and the belt.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.

ALLIOTT VERDON ROE,

US1239041A 1916-09-19 1916-09-19 Belt-support for aviators. Expired - Lifetime US1239041A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605065A (en) * 1949-05-13 1952-07-29 Robert W Wilkins Net-suit, or combined g-suit, parachute, safety and crash harness
US4784352A (en) * 1986-05-20 1988-11-15 Rockwell International Corporation Forward posture support seat system
US6742848B2 (en) 2001-03-28 2004-06-01 Martin-Baker Aircraft Company, Limited Harnesses and inertia reels

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605065A (en) * 1949-05-13 1952-07-29 Robert W Wilkins Net-suit, or combined g-suit, parachute, safety and crash harness
US4784352A (en) * 1986-05-20 1988-11-15 Rockwell International Corporation Forward posture support seat system
US6742848B2 (en) 2001-03-28 2004-06-01 Martin-Baker Aircraft Company, Limited Harnesses and inertia reels
EP1245487A3 (en) * 2001-03-28 2004-07-21 Martin Baker Aircraft Co., Ltd. Improvements in or relating to harnesses and inertia reels
US6860566B2 (en) 2001-03-28 2005-03-01 Martin-Baker Aircraft Company, Limited Harnesses and inertia reels

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