US1236930A - Combined printing and addressing machine. - Google Patents

Combined printing and addressing machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1236930A
US1236930A US59993210A US1910599932A US1236930A US 1236930 A US1236930 A US 1236930A US 59993210 A US59993210 A US 59993210A US 1910599932 A US1910599932 A US 1910599932A US 1236930 A US1236930 A US 1236930A
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Prior art keywords
printing
addressing
magazine
devices
machine
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US59993210A
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Walter Hay
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AUTOMATIC ADDRESSING MACHINE Co
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AUTOMATIC ADDRESSING MACHINE Co
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Priority claimed from US607596A external-priority patent/US1078281A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41LAPPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR MANIFOLDING, DUPLICATING OR PRINTING FOR OFFICE OR OTHER COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; ADDRESSING MACHINES OR LIKE SERIES-PRINTING MACHINES
    • B41L45/00Kinds or types of addressing machines or of like series-printing machines

Description

W. HAY.
COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED 950.29. 1910..
' 1 ,236,930, Patented Aug. 14;-1917.
8 SHEETS-SHEET I.
h-II
w. HAY. COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 29,19I0- Patented Aug. 14. 1917 s SHEETIS-SHEET 2 IIIIIIIII.I
A TTORNE Y HA'Y. COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED 0Ec'.29,19|o.'
Patented A11g.14, 1917.
. s SHEETS-SHEET 3.
IN VENTOR WMQ A TTORNE Y W. HAY.
COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC-29.1910. 1 ,236 ,930, Patented Aug. 14, 1917.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
FIG. 5
WITNESSES: INVENTOR ATI'ORNEY W. HAY. COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
nhhm APPLICATION FILED DEC.29, I910- vsafimw n Patented Aug. 14, 1917.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 5.
IN VEN 70R WITNESSES;
ATTORNEY W. HAY.
COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 29, 1910.
1,5223% C I Patented Aug. 14, 1917.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 6.
WITNESSES: 1N VENT 0!? A TTORNE Y v w. HAY. COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
Patented Aug. 14,1917.
7 8 SHEETS-SHEET 7.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 29, I910- IN VEN TOR ZQ I I XM W W- ATTORNEY W. HAY.
COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE APPLICATION FILED DEC. 29, I910 Patented A11 14,1917
8 SHEETSSHEET 8- Du Ma'rch 2181,1910
[ 1 I 5' THE'MUNIIZIPAL GAS CG, I g
. I I OFFICE HOURS: e:ooA.M.To 4:00P. M. I g I P I s ooo l I Mar tate Meter I i (I g j reb -ouo I 3 I I N E TgCOnsumption of I OUOMflfi-ilcpnzM 13 L Subject to a discount of 1 cent perM I .9 g g cubic feet i: paid at n office or the Cam- I .2 to many on or before .Mmns1sI,1aIa. I g i I I I PLEASE BRING @9 1 SENIQ THIS CARID T0 EE- fiECEIFTIEID. I
POSTAGE PIDSTAL CARD IHE sue: snow I: For m: Aoonss may I Mr. Thomas Jones,
I742 Pine St.
Cit
"GOODS OF QUALITY May 7th.l8l0.
Mrs. N. Goo'dwin,
347 PaIm Ave, I City.
Dear- Friend:
We hereby extend to ou a cordial invitation to @1111 and inspect our Iatest showing of Spring arid Summer dress' THE PAR] S. STORE. I I
goods A TTORNEY UNITED STATES PATENT oFFIoE.
WALIEB HAY, 0F SEVILLE, OHIO, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO THE AUTO- MATIG ADDRESSING MACHINE COMPANY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
COMBINED PRINTING AND ADDRE'SSING MACHINE.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Aug. 14,1917. I
Application filed December 29, 1910. Serial No. 595,932.
automatically printing mailing-addresses and the like upon a series of postal cards, envelops, wrappers, statements and other objects from a series of independent and separate printing devices or addressing plates,
The primary object of the invention is to provide an automatic machine adapted to print a statement, advertisement, market quotations or other subject-matter upon one side of a series of cards or other objects and at the same time to print mailing addresses upon the reverse side of such cards from a series ofindependent and unconnected addressing plates.
A further and important object of the invention is to provide a machine adapted to print as above described upon both sides of a card or other object, and at the same time to print an address upon one side of another card in one printing operation of the machine; in other words,a machine inwhich three printing impressions are made in one printing operation.
Other objects of the invention are to provide an automatic machine adapted to rapidly and positively move a number of sepa rate addressing plates from a stack or supply into one or more printing positions and to deposit the addressing plates in a storing receptacle or file drawer after taking one or more printing impressions therefrom; to provide a positlve feeding mechanism and guiding means for the cards or other ob-.
jects tobe printed; to provide a simple and efficient mechanism for depositing the addressing plates inthe file drawer; to insure proper inking of the printing devices; and the invention has other objects in view which will be pointed out hereinafter.
Machines adapted to print upon both sides of a card or other object in one operation have been devised, in which the addressing plates are linked together in the form of a band or chain. For the purpose of more clearly pointing out commerclal features of improvement in the present invention, it
becoming obsolete, being suppianted by machines using separate addressing plates. As being mainly responsible for such substitution, the following objectionable features. found in chain-type machines are cited: The chain or chains of printing devices, when not in use, are usually rolled up, one printing device resting upon another, which is a t to, nyurethe faces of the type; and beings red in this-form, it is quite inconvenient to make changes in certain addresses, to cancel others, and to make additions, especially in alphabetical order; and it will readily be seen that these difliculties are greatly aug- Inented when such machines are used for subscription lists, by large insurance companies, public service corporations, etc., where the number of addresses extends into hundreds of thousands.
In contrast to the above described disadvantages, the present invention is closely associated with the most modern business 8(' methods and comprehends, among other fea tures, a series of indexed file-drawers in which the separate addressing plates may be stored in alphabetical order, and quickly and conveniently reached for purposes of reference and for making corrections, additions and cancellations.
Other meritorious features of the invention and details of construction will be fully understood from the following description in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming apart of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a side sectional elevation of one form of a combined printing and addressingmaohine embodying the principles of 9 5 my invention, and'taken at-or near the longitudinal center of the machine; Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic plan view of the machine, the bed frame being omitted except as outlined by the dotted line; Fig. 3 is a front elevation largely sectional lengthwise of the runway along which the addressing plates are caused to travel; Fig. 4 is a slightly enlarged sectional view of the right hand end portion of Fig. 3, and shows the method of depositing the addressing plates in the file drawer; Fig.
5 is a plan view of the printing platen, and, its supporting and actuating members; Fig.
6 shows a clutch adapted to connect the two parts of the main shaft operatively together;
Figs. 7 8 and 9 are detailed views relating to the feeding of the addressing plates; Fig."
' are diiferent views of a card pusher; Fig;
14 is a perspectiveview showing the guid ing means for the cards or other objects during their travel from the card magazine to the printing position; Fig. 15 is a perspective view of an addressing plate suitable for use in the form of machine here shown, but not forming a part of this in-' vention; Fig. 16 is a front elevation showing the main inking roll and an automatic inking device for supplying the inking roll with ink; Figs. 17, 18 and 19' are detailed views of the inking device; Figs. 20, 21 and 22 illustrate samples of a large variety of work for which the machine is adapted, and
are shown mainly to aid in describing certain functions of the machine.
Referring to the drawings, 1 is a bed frame adapted to be mounted in any suitable way, and removably secured to which is a magazine 2 (Fig. 3) of suitable dimensions to hold a supply of addressing plates A which by gravity pass through ,an opening in the bed frame to a runway 3 secured to and extending nearly the entire length of the bed frame which, at the end opposite the aforesaid magazine, is provided with an opening through which may be entered a file drawer B for receiving the addressing plates as they are discharged from the runway. A step-by-step movement of the addressing plates along the runway is effect-- ed by means of a reciprocating rod 4 journaled at one sideof the runway and secured to which are a number of pins 5 equidistantly spaced slightly further apart than the length of the addressing plates. The rod 4 is reciprocated by means of a lever arm 6' (Fig. 2) pivotally secured at its rear endto the bed frame and actuated by a slotted cam 7 secured to the shaft 8 journaled in a number of hangers (one of which, 9, is shown in Fig. 6) secured to the bed frame; means for connecting the end of the lever arm 6 to the rod 4 consist of a split clip 10 (Figs. 8 and 9) loosely mounted on a reduced portion of the rod 4, and suitably secured to a holder block 11 constructed with a stud pin 12 passed loosely through one end of an adjustable link 13, the opposite end of which is pivoted to a grooved block 14 adapted for adjustment in a slot formed in the end of the lever arm- 6 for the ur pose of maintaining the proper longitu inal movement of the rod 4 as the cam 7 becomes worn; the purpose of the adjustable feature plates into the proper printing position after the correct longitudinal movement of the rod 4 is obtained in the manner already described. The rod 4 is also subject to a. rocking movement for the purpose of bringing the pins 5 into and out of engagement with the addressing plates; this rocking movement, approximately one-eighth of a revolution, is efiected (see Figs. 2 and Z) by an oscillatory arm 15 suspended from the bed frame and provided at its-lower end. with a pin 16 carrying a cam roller 17 in the path of a cam 18 which cooperates with a spring 19 to give a reciprocating motion to a bar 20 pivotally connected at one end to the aforesaid pin 16 and at the opposite end to a crank 21 feather-keyed to the rod 4 which is permitted to slide (reciprocate) in the crank, but not to turn therein.
Also ournaled in the runway, Figs. 1 and 2, in a horizontal plane with the rod 4 and at the side opposite thereto, is a companion rod 4 carrying pins 5 and secured against longitudinal movement; this rod 4 is adapted to be rocked by mechanism (part of which is shown in Figs. 2 and 7) at the side of and similar to that employed for rocking the rod 4, and for the like purpose of brlnging the pins 5 into and out of engagement with the addressing plates. It will be observed that the pins'5 and 5 of the rods 4 and 4 respectively rock, move or swing laterally in planes at right angles to the run way.
Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the method of feeding the addressing plates will now be described: When the rod 4 reaches its extreme right-hand position (Fig. 2) the pins 5 of rod 4 are lowered into a horizontal position before the pins 5 of rod 4 are raised to permit rod 4 to return; when rod 4 reaches its extreme left-hand position, its pins 5 are lowered into a horizontal position, and the one nearest the magazine end is in the clearance space X in position to move the lowermost addressing plate of a stack one step toward the printing position; the pins 5 of rod 4 are now raised to permit the advance stroke of rod 4 moving the addressing plate mentioned, and at the completion of this stroke, the pins 5 are lowered, one at each end of the addressing plate which now occupies the first space from the magazine, for the purpose of securing the addressing plate against accidental longitudinal displacement; the pins 5 are now raised to permit the return stroke of rod 4,
which improvement insures correct feeding.
Now referring to Fig. 3, it will be explained how the addressing plates, when leaving the runway, are deposited in a file drawer. As previously mentioned, B indicates' a file drawer which has been inserted in an opening in the bed frame; oppositely and vertically disposed adjacent the open side of the file drawer are two parallel rods 22 (also see Fig. 2) having their upper ends positive and secured to the bed frame, or they may otherwise be supported; adapted to slide up and 'down on rods 22 is a slide piece 23 constructed with a shelf 23 which is disposed in an inclined plane and extends into and nearly to the bottom of the file drawer, the end of the shelf next the bottom of file drawer being the higher as shown; secured to the slide piece 23 is a downwardly projecting extension 24 attached to the lower end of which is a cable 25 secured to and adapted to be wound on a drum 26 shaft-connected to, a coiled band spring 27, the shaft to which the drum and spring are secured being journaled in a hanger 28 fastto the bed frame. Prior to the entrance of the addressing plates into the file drawer, and through the agency of the. spring 27, the shelf 23 is normally held in its uppermost position against or close to a pair of oppositely disposed depressing blocks 29 secured to the inside of the file drawer and next the upper (front) end thereof; the bottom edges of these blocks are given an inclination opposite to that of the shelf, 'so' that when the latter is against the blocks, a V-shaped space is formed. As the rod 4 pushes an addressing plate into the file drawer and into the V-shaped space, the file drawer remaining stationary, the. addressing plate acts as a wedge and thus depresses the shelf, and this depression continuesuntil (see Fig. 4) the addressing plate has been pushed beyond the end of the runway, at which point the end lastly on the runway is caused to fall onto the shelf, the fall being sufficient to provide unobstructed passage for the forward end ofthe next addressing plate which, during its progression, enters as a wedge between the depressing blocks and the first addressing plate, thus depressing the latter and finally falling into proper posltlon in *the file drawer to make room forthe next addressing plate, and so on. It will be understood that as the weight of addressingplates on the shelf increases, the tension of the spring 27 also increases proportionately, hence theinitial upward pressure of the shelf against the depressingblocks is substantially maintained in the case of each succeeding addressing plate as it is borne against the depressing blocks; also that when a file drawer is withdrawn, the shelf, through the action of the spring, will rise signed to be clutched'to the shaft 8, as will be explained more fully,and provided with a cam-roller 33 which enters an aperture in the lever arm so formed that an up-anddown movement will be imparted thereto,
during one half revolution of the shaft, and
during the other half of the: revolution the lever arm will remain motionless. Oppositely disposed and securedto thetop of the bed frame are two upright-frame pieces'34 (also see Fig. 5)- each provided with a stud pin 35 loosely mounted upon which is a bifurcated lever 36 in operative. connection with the aforesaid lever arm 31 through a connecting link 37. The frontfend of the" lever 36 is pivotally conneotedito the upturned ends of a platen holder 38 by means of stud-pins 39, vertically above which and separated somewhat therefrom are'fs'tud pins 40 secured to the 'upperextremities-"of the platen holder; secured to the frame pieces 34 and vertically above stud pins 35I1arestud pins 41 which together with stud pins 40 are loosely passed through opposite eiids'of a connecting link 42; the distance between the centers of pins 41 and 40 being the 'fsanie as between pins 35 and 39, and the vertical distance between the centers of pins 35 and 41 being the same as between pins 39 and-"- 40, it will readily be understood that the well known principle of parallel motionis employed in the present invention, and that it is admirably adapted to maintain the base--- of the platen holder in a horizontal position throughout its entire stroke, and at the same time lateral movement is prevented in the simplest possible manner by means of the bifurcated lever. Projecting through the base of the platen holder and near the sides thereof are four adjusting screws 43 distributed in pairs near each end of the base;
two clamping screws 44 are passed centrally through the base, one at each end and a little outside of the adjusting screws, as shown:
these clamping screws are each provided at their lower ends with ahead and at the upper ends with a screw thread adapted to receive a nut 45; by means of the screws as thus arranged, a platen 46 is removably secured to the platen holder, and obviously adapted to reliable adjustment to bring the printing device carried thereby into parallel position relative to the surface of the bed frame. As shown, a rubber stamp C is secured to the platen, but instead of this arrangement a chase for holding type, or an electrotype, or any other device or combination of devices used for printing may be employed and secured by means of the beforedescribed screws to the platen holder.
Positioned beneath and well toward the front of the bed frame and journaled 1n suitable hangers (not shown) secured thereto is a rock shaft 47 (also see Fig. 2) to which are secured forwardly projecting arms 48 provided at their forward ends with ad usting screws 49 adapted to contact with vertically movable plungers 50 and 51 (also see Fig. 3) to the upper end of each of which is secured a rectangular platen 52; as shown, the plungers are arranged transversely central of the runwavand are adapted to move therein, and each is formed with an enlarged portion at the lower end forming a shoulder, pressing downwardly against which is a spring 53; it will be seen in Fig. 1 that the addressing plates are free to travel over and past the platen, and also that when the latter are raised, the addressing plates directly over said latens are adapted tobe raised thereby. ecured to the intermediate portion of the rock shaft 47 is a rearwardly pro-' jecting arm 54: arranged in the path of a cam roller 55 carried by a cam-arm 56 secured to the shaft 8. a
" From the foregoing it will be seen that the arm 54 is depressed and the plungers raised by the cam action and that the plungers will be depressed and the arm 54 raised into the path of the cam roller by the springs 53. The cams which actuate the lever arm 31 and the arm 54 are so timed that the printing device secured to the platen holder 38 will be moved to its lowermost position simultaneously with the raising of the platens 52 into their uppermost positions. Dlirectly above theplungers50 and 51 are openings 1 and 1", in the bed frame 1 of suflicient size, as to permit the entrance therethrough of the upper portion of the address- 1 ing plates; secured to the upper side of the bed frame and extending across the opening 1 above the plunger 51 is a plate 57 (Fig. 3) having its forward portion raised somewhat from the bed frame so as to permit the insertion of a card, or other object to be printed, between the two.
The movement of the cards to the printing position and the inking of the printing device O are effected bymeans of the followin described movement: A slide" plate 58 (Flgs. 1 and 11) is centrally mounted on a transversely arranged rod 59 secured at each end to the bed frame, and is steadied by its overhanging ends being in contact with bearing surfaces formed on the lower side of the bed frame; thus providing a three-point bearing, as plainly shown. in Fig. 11; the slideplate, where it is supported by the rod 59, is constructed with lever 62 pivotally connected to the bed' frame and provided at the end of its shorter arm with a cam roller 63 which enters the slot of a cam 64 secured to the shaft 8 and so formed as to effect a complete forward and return movement of the slide late during one half revolution of the sl faft. Secured to each end of the slide plate is a standard 65 which projects upwardly through a slotin the bed frame and has secured to its upper end a forwardly projecting flexible arm 66; these arms are formed with a U-shaped depression or bearing at their front ends in which an inking roll 67 is supported and adapted to rotate. A pair of card pushers 68 are also secured to the slide plate and project upwardly and forwardly through slots in the bed frame; Figs. 12 and 13 show a plan and side elevation ofone of these card-pushers, which are preferably made of spring material and mounted on blocks 68 'adapted for adjustment in grooves formed in the slide plate; a slot 68 through which a screw is passed provided adjustment to suit various widths of cards, or other objects to be printed. As shown, the card pushers are provided with pushing members 68 and a central gage tongue 68 which projects somewhat beyond the pushing members and is depressed therefrom to an extent approximating three quarters of the thickness of a card, envelop, etc, to be printed; in operation, the gage tongue is caused to bear against the underside of a card, andto act as a gageto prevent the pushing members from engaging more than one card at a time; during the return movement of the slide plate, the forward ends of the card-pushers are depressed by the weight of the stack of cards, under which they slide, and this depression continues until the pushing-members have reached. the rear edge of. the lowermost card, at which point they will spring upwardly into position to engage and move the card, the gage-tongue limiting the upward movement 50 as to prevent engagement with the second card above, as will be seen in Fig. 13, it being understood that the gage-tcngue is not permitted to slide past the card at the end of the return stroke. It will be understood that instead of making these card-pushers of spring material, they can be made of more rigid material, and the principle of their operation still be retained.
Referring to Fig. 1, a magazine 69, adapted to hold a stack of cards, envelops, or any other objects to be printed, is secured to the bed frame at the rear and out of the path of the platen 4.6; along the bottom of the front side of themagazine a space or slot is provided through which the cards may successively be pushed, and adjustably secured to the magazine above this space is a gate or gagepiece 70 adapted for vertical adjustment and to prevent the egress of more than one card at a time.
As the cards come from the magazine, they are caused to enter between and under V side walls 71*, which extend below the surface upon which the cards are supported and which guide the cards laterally, and with overlying portions 71 adapted to rest or bear upon the end portions of the cards for the purpose of preventing one card from climbing upon another. The guide bars are kept in their proper positions, which is governed by the size of the cards or other objects to be printed, by means of four screws 72 loosely passed through the guide bars and adjustably secured to the bedframe; ordinarily the weight of the guide bars will be sufficient to hold the cards in place, but failing in this, helical springs can be interposed between the heads of the screws and the guide-bars to insure the requisite pressure. It should'be understood that a card coming from'tlie-magazine into the printing'position is employed to push the printed card out of the way.
-As shown in Fig. 1, the automatic inking device is supported by the card magazine and operated by one branch of the bifur-- cate'dlever 36. However, it may be suppogtedfand operated in any other suitable manner Its construction comprises a frame 73 (also see Fig. 16) constructed with forwardlyprojecting end-portions in which is journaled a distributing roll 74- adapted to be rotated by a pinion 75 enmeshed with a gear 76 rotated through part of'a revolution by a lever 77 (Fig 17) provi forward end with a-rofler 78 arranged in the path of oneibranch of the bifurcated lever 3 6, w h ich during its downward stroke depresses the forward portion of the lever and raises the rear portion thereof to which is pivotally connected a pawl 79 arranged to engage with the teeth of the gear 76; the latter and the lever 77 are loosely mounted on a common axle secured to the frame 73, and as the bifurcated lever 36 is being re- .turned to its uppermost position, the lever 77 will follow by reason of its rear end being weighted, the pawl 79 slipping past the gear-teeth in its descent, as will be clearly .understood from the drawings. Superimends of the frame 73, (see Fig. 18); the
a pair of guide-bars 71, Fig. 14, formed with.
posed on the distributing roll and extend-.'
end 80 of the reservoir is also provided with a second stud pin 80 located vertically above and se arated somewhat from the stud-pin 80, t e upper stud pin projecting beyond the frame end to receive the thrust of a pivoted arm 81 which thrust is exerted by a spring-actuated plunger-pin 82 inserted through an adjusting screw 83 carried by the frame-end. It will be understood by referring to Fig. 19, that when the distributing-roll is rotated through all or part of a revolution, the ink reservoir will be rocked by friction caused by its weightbeing supported by the distributing roll; and that the extent of the rocking motion will be regulated by the adjusting-screw 83, The bottom of the ink reservoir is provided with a slot extending nearly the entire length thereof and adapted to be filled with ink through the medium of a hole communicating with the bottom of the tank, which hole may be closed by a valve-plug. lVhen theink reservoir is rocked in the manner.
already described, the slot therein will be opened next the distributing roll, and thus permit ink to run thereon; and when 'the rotation of the distributing roll ceases, the ink reservoir will be returned to its normal,
exerted arnf 81, the ink between the distributing roll and reservoir serving as a lubricant to assist the return' If a surplus of ink is delivered to the. roll, the friction between theroll and reservoir will be lessened thereby, and in proportion as such surplusof ink acts as a more effective lubricant, consequently the reservoir will not be In Fig. 2, S indicates a sprocket wheelwhich is secured to the shaft 8- and rotated by any suitable means, such as a treadle arrangement or some form of motor.
There are various ways in which the ad- .dressing plates may be held in the file drawers when the latter are in a vertical position, and released therefrom when inserted in the magazine 2. One method is shown in Fig;
10, in which B indicates a pair of oppositely-disposed yieldable retainers secured at one end to the outsides of the file drawer and having their opposite ends bent inwardly so as to partly close the open end thereof; the retainers are' formed near their bent ends with L-shaped projections B which, when the file drawer is inserted in the magazine 2,
upright position-by means of the springare adapted to be engaged by verticallydisposed angle-oars, (not shown), arranged one at each side in the magazine and in such manner as to permit their being spread apart and so held during the withdrawal of he file drawer, the retainers being likewise pread apart thereby so as unobstruct the nd of the file drawer.
in considering the arrangements of parts and the operation of the machine as thus far described, it is apparent that were the entire machine operated at the start, three cards would be moved out and away without being printed on their lower sides, by reason of four revolutions of the machine being required before the first addressing plate arrives at the. central printing position. And it should be stated that there are occasions when it is not desired to print from certain addressing plates, hence it will be obvious that insuch cases the printing and card feeding mechanisms should be stopped until such addressing plates have been moved past the printing position.
To properly provide for the above conditions, I employ what may be termed a cutout mechanism shown in Fig. :2, and comprising a push-rod 84, to the front end of which is secured a push-button 85, the rear end being pivotally connected to a bellcrank-lever 86, pivotally connected to a bracket (not shown) secured to the bedframe; this lever, as, shown, is formed with a rearwardlv projecting portion which terminates in a yoke apertured to receive the pins of a clutch-ring (not shown) loosely mounted on the slidable part of a clutch 87 (Fig. 6), feather-keyed to the shaft '8 having its inner end journaled in the fixed part of the clutch 87", keyed or otherwise firmly secured to the inner end of the shaft 8; one part of the clutch is formed with a single jaw, and the other part with a single depression to receive the jaw. Therefore, whenever the two shafts are clutch-locked together, virtually forming one continuous shaft, the various mechanisms will be in correct time with each other. And the mechanism which feeds the addressing plates being the only one operated by the shaft 8 which is directly connected with the drivingmeans, it will be seen that when the shafts are unclutched, the printing and card-feeding mechanisms will be put out of action.
The practical operation of the machine will now be briefly described. A series of cards or other objects to be printed are placed in the card magazine, and a file drawer containing addressing plates is inserted in the magazine provided for this purpose and the addressing plates released from the file drawer which is then inserted through the'opening at the discharge end of the runway; tne push-button 85 is then pushed in and the machine starteddhemech anism feeding the addressing plates being the only one in action. As the addressing plates are moved step by step from their a gazine, to the printing position or positions alley are caused to be inked by some suitable form of inking device, (one form being shown in F 3, and indicated by the nu moral 88). its the first addressing plate comes into the first printing position, an opening in the bed frame permitting observation, the push-button is released and the shaft 8 with its associated mechanisms permitted to come into action. A card or other object to be printed is then pushed into the printing position simultaneously with the inking of the printing device C by the inking roll 6?: Immediately following the retraction of the slide-plate carrying the inking roll, the printing device C is brought down upon the card simultaneously with the raising of the addressing plate against the under side of the card, and simultaneously also with the return stroke of the reciprocating rod at. The upper and lower printing devices are then moved to their respective uppermost and lowermost positions; another card is then moved out from the card magazine to the printing position as the inking-roll is moved across the upper printing device, and as the second addressing plate is being brought into the printing position; the inking roll is now retracted and reaches i s rearmost position at or about the same time that the addressing plate comes to rest in its printing position. The upper and lower printing devices are then brought together, being separated only by the card or other object which receives an .impression from both simultaneously or substantially so, and the operations thus continuing until the last addressing plate in the magazine has been printed from, immediately following which the push button is again pushed in, thus permitting the clearing of the runway and the depositing of the used addressing plates in the file drawer while the printing and card feeding mechanisms are out of action.
When it is not desired to print from one or more addressing plates, and before such are permitted to enter the printing position, the push button is pushed in,'which, as before explained, puts'the printing and card feeding mechanisms out of action until such addressing plates have passed beyond the printing position, when the push button is released and the printing continued.
in Fig. 20 is shown a modern form of statement similar to that used by certain public service corporations and printed on the reverse side of a standard U. S. postal card, such visible statements now being permitted. to pass through the mails. At or about the same time the statement form (e:
chine, an address is being printed on the obverse side of the card by an addressing plate and which obverseside is shown in I Fig. 21. At or about the time the addressing plate from which this address was printed reaches the second printing position, (above plungers 51, Fig. 3), the card is inserted between plate 57 and the bed frame and receives a second impression from the same addressing plate, (this address being shown at one end of the card in Fig. 20), simultaneously, or substantially so, with the printing on both sides of another card in the first or central printing position of the machine. Thus it will be seen that the machine is adapted to print .two. cards or other objects and make three printing impressions in one printing operation. As showing the utility ofv the repeated address on the reverse side of the card, it may be stated that when the statement is receipted, the end of the card containing the repeated address is detached, and this stub end serves as a memorandum to show that the addressee has paid.
Fig. 22 shows one of many forms of modern advertising adapted to be printed by the machine herein described. In this case, the
invitation is made more effective by having.
the address repeated above the Salutation, it being understood that the address is first printed on the obverse side of the card.
It is obvious that the addressing plates are deposited in the file drawers in the same order in which they'come outyand that they are adapted to be arranged therein in ac-- eordance with'a card-index system, the indices appearing at the upper ends and being readily seen when the addressing plates are stored in the file drawers, which latter are also adapted to be indexed in accordance with the most modern methods. In Fig. 15, the type carried by the address plate for rintin the name and address are desi nated a, and the index characters on the plate are designated a It should be distinctly understood that I do not in any way restrict this invention to a construction adapted for or to its use with the addressing plates shown, as obviously various styles of and much thinner address.-
ing plates could be used, and moving and locking members of any suitable form could be secured to rods %L and 4 Without limiting myself to the exact construction and arrangement of parts herein shown and described, what I claimland desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding a series of separate addressing plates or printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices from the magazine, and a means reciprocable lengthwise of the runway and rockable about an axis extending longitudinally of the runway for the magazine to and beyond printing position and into the receptacle.
3. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices from the magazine, means movable lengthwise of the run way for moving the printing devices spaced apart along the runway from the magazine to printing position, and'also movable laterally in planes at right angles to the runway for engaging and disengaging the printing devices, and means for securing the printing devices against displacement when they are disengaged from the moving means. 4;. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices from the magazine, a device having means for engaging the printing devices and reciprocatable in the direction of its axis to move the printing devices along the runway and roekable about its axis to cause said means to engage and disengage the printing devices, and means for holding the printing devices against displacement when disengaged from the said means.
5. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices from the magazine, reciprocatable means for engaging and moving the printing devices spaced apart along the runway from the magazine to printing position, said means being also movable laterally in planes at right angles to the runway to engage and disengage the printing devices, and means for securing the printing devices againstdisplacement when they are disengaged from the reciprocatable means.
6. In a printing and addressing machine,
' the combination of a magazine for holding I to and beyond the printing position and into the receptacle, said means being also movable laterally in planes at right angles to the runway to engage and disengage the printing devices, and means for securing the printing devices against displacement when they are disengaged from the reciprocatable means.
7. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices one by one from the magazine, means reciprocatable in the direction of its longitudinal axis and rockable about said axis and provided at intervals lengthwise'thereofwith devices for engaging and moving the printing devices step by step and spaced apart'along the runway.
8. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices one by one from the magazine, means adapted to engage and disengage printing devices for moving the latter along the runway step by step, and means provided at intervals lengthwise thereof with devices adapted to be projected between the printing devices'for engaging and holding the printing devices in the runway against displacement when out of engagement with the moving means.
9. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices one by one from the magazine, reciprocatable means provided at intervals lengthwise thereof with devices for engaging and moving the printing devices step by step and spaced apart along the runway, and movable means provided at intervals lengthwise thereof and fixed thereto with devices for engaging and locking the printing devices against displacement when they are disengaged from the reciprocatable means.
10. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arrangedto receive said printing devices one by one from the magazine, a rod provided at intervals lengthwise thereof with pins and adapted to be rocked to bring the pins into' and out of engagement with the printing devices and also to be reciprocated to move the printing devices step by step along the runway, said pins also serving to space the printing devices apart.
11. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding printing devices, a runway arranged to receive said printing devices one by one from the magazine, a pair of rodsdisposed lengthwise or the runway and provided at intervals along their length with pins, one of said aaaesao rods adapted to be rocked to bring its pins into and out of engagement with the printing devices and also to be reciprocated to move the printing devices step by step along the runway, and the other of said rods adapted to be rocked to bring its pins into and out of engagement with the printing devices for the purpose of locking same against displacement during the return stroke of the first mentioned rod and while its pins are disengaged from the printing devices.
12. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding a series of separate printing devices, a bed frame having a plurality of apertures, means step along the bed frame from the magazine to a plurality of printing positions opposite said apertures, and means for causing a plurality of printing devices to be inserted through the apertures of the bed frame and devices opposite the apertures and cooperating with the last named means so as to cause the printing devices to print on one side of a plurality of objects in one printing operation of the machine.
13. In a printing and addressing machine,
. the combination of a magazine for holding a series of separate printing devices, a bed frame having a plurality of apertures, means for moving said printing devices step by step along the bed frame from the'magazine to printing positions in registration with said apertures, and reciprocatable members arranged also in registration with the apertures for causing the printing devices in printing positions to be simultaneously inserted through said apertures and means opposite the apertures for cooperating with the reciprooatable members to cause the printing devices to make a plurality of impressions at one printing operation of the machine.
14. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding a series of separate printing devices, a bed frame having a plurality of apertures, means -for moving said printing devices step by step along the bed frame from the megazine to the apertures through which the printing devices may be inserted, reciprocatable devices below the apertures of the bed frame for causing a plurality of printing devices to be raised through said apertures, a printing device above one of the apertures, an abutment above the other aperture, and means for actuating the printing device and the reciprocatable means so as to print on both sides of one object and on one side of another object at one printing operation of the machine.
15. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of a magazine for holding a series of separate printing devices, a bed having a plurality of spaced apertures thereranged beneath said apertures, a printing member above one of the apertures, an abut- 'ment above a second. aperture, means for feed1ng the separate printing devices step by step along the bed beneath said aper tures, and means for actuating the printing member above the bed and for raising the reciprocatable devices below the bed so as to cause the printing devices directly above the reciprocatable devices to be raised and inserted through said apertures, so as to cause three printing impressions to be made at one printing operation.
16. Ina printing and addressing machine, the combination of a receptacle for holding a series of objects to be printed, a slide piece reciprocatable beneath the objects to be printed, means connected to said slide piece for engaging and moving said objects to prmtmg position, a printing member, a reciprocatable inking device connected to the slide piece and movable with the same for inking said printing member, and means for reciprocating the slide piece.
17. In a printing and addressing machine, the combination of an upper movable printing member, means for moving, step by step, a plurality of separate printing devices be 'neath said upper printing member, automatically actuated means for moving a blank to be printed to printing position beneath said upper printing member, means for inking the upper printing member, and means for actuating the feeding means for the printing devices, the feeding means for the blanks and the inking means so that the feeding of the printing devices and blanks and the inking of the upper printing member take place simultaneously.
18. In a printing and addressing machine,
a bed, a main printing member for printing the same subject matter on a plurality of blanks, a magazine for containlng a plural ity of separate printing devices, each adapted to print on a blank, mechanism for feed ing the printing devices from the magazine along the bed to and beyond printing posltion, mechanism for causing the main; printing member and said printing devices to print on the blanks, and manually operable means for at will stopping the printing operations Without affecting the feeding of said printing devices.
19. In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a vertically reciprocatable printing member for printing the same subject matter on a number of blanks to be printed, a magazine for containing a number'of sepa rate printing devices each adapted to print on a blank, mechanism for feeding the printing devices step by step along the bed and for causing said printing member and pr1nt ing devices to make printing impressions on for actuating the lever, the
at Will stopping the printing of said print- H ing member and printing devices Without affecting the feeding of the latter.
20. In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a magazine for holding a series of separate printing devices, each adapted to print on oneside of a blank, means for feeding the printing devices step by step along the bed, a reciprocatable printing member. for printing the opposite side of the blanks, mechanism for causing the reciprocatable printing member and printing devices to make printing impressions and for causing the actuation of said feeding means for the printing devices, and manually operable means for at will stopping the printing op erations Without affecting the feeding of said printing devices.
21. In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a magazine for holding a series of separate addressing devices, means for feeding said devices along the bed, a vertically reciprocatable printing member for printmg on one'side of blanks to be printed, means for actuating said printing devices one at a time so as to print on the other side of the blanks, a receptacle for holding the blanks, means for feeding the blanks one at a time from the receptacle to printing position, and manually operable means for at will stopping the operation of the printing member and of the blank feeding means Without affecting theoperation of the feeding means of the printing devices.
22. In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a printing platen, a holder for said platen, means for reciprocating the holder and for causing the platen to be maintained in parallelism with the bed comprising a parallel movement mechanism including a lever and a link both connected to the holder and to the bed, and mechanism lever being pivoted intermediate its ends, and connec'tedat one end to said holder and at its opposite end to said actuating mechanism.
In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a printing platen, a holder therefor, means for reciprocating. the holder and for causing the printing platen to be maintained in parallelism with the bed comprising a parallel movement mechanism including a bifurcated lever, and links parallel thereto, the lever and links being pivotally connected to the holder and to the bed at oints equidistant apart, and mechanism or actuating said lever, the lever being '.bed adapted to contain a plurality of separate printing devices, a receptacle at the opposite end of the bed, means for feeding the printing devices from the magazine to and beyond printing position and into the receptacle, a yieldable and vertically movable support in said receptacle and adapted to sustain the printing'devices as they are deposited therein, and tapered depressing members at the upper end of the receptacle adapted to be engaged by the printing devices as they are moved into the receptacle, so as to force the printing members already deposited therein downward.
25. In a printing and addressing machine, a bed, a magazine at one end of the bed adapted to contain a plurality of separate printing devices, a receptacle at the opposite end of the bed, means for feeding the printing devices from the magazine to and beyond printing position and into the receptacle, a yieldable and vertically movable support in said receptacle and-adapted to sustain the printing devices as they are deposited therein, tapered depressing'members at the upper end of the receptacle adapted to be engaged by the printing devices as they are moved into the receptacle, so as to force the printing members already deposited therein downward, and means for maintaining a substantially constant upward pressure of said support as the printing devices are successively deposited thereon.
26. In a combined printing and addressing machine, a bed, a magazine at one end of the bed adapted to receive a plurality of separate printing devices, a receptacle at the opposite end of the bed, means for feeding the printing devices along the bed from the magazine to and beyond printing position'and into the receptacle, a support in the receptacle for the printing devices, said support being vertically yieldable and provided with an inclined upper face, and inclined depressing members at the upper end of the receptacle inclined oppositely with respect to the upper face of the support, whereby the printing devices entering between the support and said-depressing members will have a wedging action to lower the support and printing devices already deposited in the receptacle.
27. In a printing machine, a bed, a printing platen, means for actuating the platen, an inking roller adapted to engage said platen when elevated, an ink distributing roller adapted to engage the inking roller,
an ink reservoir arranged above said distributing roller and having a discharge orifice, and means for rocking said reservoir during the actuation of the platen so that ink may pass from said reservoir onto the ink distributing roller.
28. In a printing machine, a bed, a movable printing platen, means for actuating said platen, an inking roller adapted to be moved over the face of the platen when ele vated, an ink distributing roller adapted to engage the inking roller, a roekable reservoir having a discharge orifice normally sealed by said distributing roller, and meansfor rocking said reservoir and for simultaneously turning said distributing roller during the actuation of the platen.
29. In a printing machine, a bed, a printing platen, means for actuating the platen comprising a pivoted lever, an inking roller adapted to be moved over the face of the platen, an ink distributing roller adapted to engage the inking roller, a rockable reservoir arranged above the distributing roller and provided at the bottom thereof with anelongated orifice normally sealed by the dis- 30. In a combined printing and address-.
ing machine, a bed plate and a platen therein provided with an opening and adapted to support a card to be printed, a vertically reciprocable plunger over the platen, a vertically reciprocable plunger underneath said platen, an upper type holder attached to said upper plunger, a movable lower type holder adapted to rest upon the lower plunger, a common actuating shaft for both plungers, and mechanism operatively connecting bot-h said plungers and said shaft whereby said plungers move simultaneously toward said card to print said card simultaneously on opposite sides and means for retaining the type holders on said plunger while the impression therefrom is being made.
31. In a combined printing and addressing machine, a bed plate and platen therein having a printingopening, plungers adapt ed to more toward and from said platen on opposite sides thereof, a common operating shaft, mechanism operatively connecting said plungers and shaft, type for one plunger, movable type holders for the other plunger, means for feeding a succession of said movable type holders to said plunger, means for retaining them on said plunger while in the printing position, and means for. applying ink to the type in each type holder before the impression is niade.
32. In a printing and addressing machine, in combination, a platen, vertically moving plungers one above and one below the platen, a type holder adjustably secured to the upper plunger, said lower plunger adapted to raise in turn a series of movable lower type holders. :1 guide for the movable type holders, a reciprocating device for propelling said type holders in said guide and adapted to alternately engage and release said type holders, mechanism for operating said reciprocating device, means for locking said type holders on said plunger in the printing position and when the said reciprocating de-,
vice releases them, and operating means for said plungers, and for said propelling and locking devices.
- 33. In a combined'printing and addressing machine, plungers adapted to reciprocate simultaneously in opposite directions, and an intermediate platen having a printing opening, a series of movable type holders, device for feeding said type holders in succession to a printing position opposite the opening in said platen, means for locking the movable type holders on said plunger when in the printing position, a card receptacle for cards to be printed, means for feed ing the cards to be printed to said platen, means for operating the plungers simultaneously and for operating the card feeding means when the plungers retire from the platen.
34. In a machine for the purpose described, in combination a bed plate, a platen therein having a printing opening, a card receptacle on said bed plate, upper and lower plungers, mechanism for reciprocating the plungers simultaneously in opposite directions, mechanism for feeding the cards one at a time from the receptacle, a common operating shaft, mechanism operatively connecting the shaft, plungers and card feeding mechanism, reciprocating mechanism for feeding movable type holders to the lower plunger one at a time, means thereon for alternately engaging and releasing said type holders as said feeding mechanism reciprocates, mechanism for locking the type holders on said plunger while the action of printing occurs, and for thereafter releasing them, and means operatively connected with said shaft for operating said locking means.
35. In a machine for the purpose described, a bed plate, a type holder guiding channel therein, a reciprocating rod pivoted in said bed plate and provided with engaging means for said type holders, a main shaft, a cam thereon, a rock arm engaging said shaft and pivoted rod respectively, a second cam on said shaft, an arm on said rod, and intermediate mechanism operatively connecting said arm and cam whereby said rod is rocked on its axis, at the end of its stroke in each direction to alternately engage and disengage said type holder engaging devices.
36. The combination of a bed plate havingside of said channel guide, 'each rod pro vided with type holder engaging means, one of said rods reciprocating, a main shaft, a cam thereon, and rock arm adapted to reciprocate said reciprocating rod, an additional cam thereon for each rod, and means operatively connected therewith for rocking said rocking rods at predetermined relative periods of time, and means for returning the rods to their initial positions.
37. In a printing and addressing machine, a base plate, a receptacle for blanks, a platen or blank supporting member arranged in front of the receptacle and having an opening therein, a main printing device arranged over the platen and adapted to be moved toward and, away from the same, a hopper adapted to be supplied with slugs arranged at the side of the platen, a guideway in the bed plate extending laterally from the hopper toward and in line with the platen, a slug lifting device'arranged below the platen adapted to be moved toward and away from the same, a reciprocating feeding device for feeding the blanks one at a time from the lower part of the blank receptacle onto the platen, a reciprocating feeding device adapted to feed the slugs one at a time from said hopper through the guideway, and mechanism for actuating the mainprinting device so as to print the same subject matter on the upper face of each of the cards, and for actuating the slug lifting device so as to raise the slugs successively to the blanks as the slugs are fed one at a time over said slug lifting device, and print on the lower faces of the cards, and means for inking the upper surface of said slugs, separate means for inking the main printing device, and a device for retaining the slugs in succession in printing position on said slug lifting device -while passing through the opening in said platen.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto aflix my signature in the presence of two Witnesses. WALTER HAY. Witnesses:
H. R. SULLIVAN, A. F. KwIs.
US59993210A 1910-12-29 1910-12-29 Combined printing and addressing machine. Expired - Lifetime US1236930A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905293A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-09-16 Addressograph Multigraph Plate feed mechanism

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3905293A (en) * 1973-01-26 1975-09-16 Addressograph Multigraph Plate feed mechanism

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