US120543A - Improvement in sash-balances - Google Patents

Improvement in sash-balances Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US120543A
US120543A US120543DA US120543A US 120543 A US120543 A US 120543A US 120543D A US120543D A US 120543DA US 120543 A US120543 A US 120543A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sash
racks
improvement
balances
jamb
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US120543A publication Critical patent/US120543A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D13/00Accessories for sliding or lifting wings, e.g. pulleys, safety catches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/218Holders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19642Directly cooperating gears
    • Y10T74/1967Rack and pinion

Description

GEORGE E. SMiTH.

Improvement in Sash Balancez.`

No. 120,543. Y Patented oct. 31, 1871.A

GEORGE E. SMITH, OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS.

IMPROVEMENT IN SASH-BALANCES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 120,543, dated October 31, 1871.

nying drawing forming part of this specification,

in which- Figure 1 is a front view of a jamb of a window with the top and bottom sash in position, showing the improved locking-bolt. Fig. 2 is a side view of the frames removed from the jamb, showing the racks and gear-wheel attached thereto. Fig. 3 is a detached viewA of the slotted rack, engaging-pin, and its reacting spring. Fig. 4 is a detached view of the gear-wheel and pinion.

Like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in each figure.

This invention relates to an improvement in the manner of raising and lowering, either separately or combined, one or both of the sashes, arranged within the jamb of a window, so that as the lower sash is raised it will travel much faster and over a greater distance, and form a larger opening than the top sash; and to this end the invention consists in arranging upon the edges or" each sash, next to the inside portion of the jamb, a rack or bar formed with teeth, in such a manner that the teeth of the lower sash will engage with the teeth of a spur-wheel journaled upon the inside of the jainb, while the racks of the upper sash engage with pinions arranged upon the sides of the spur-wheels. The invention further consistsin forming longitudinal slots in the racks attached to the sides ofthe top sash, within which operate spring-bolts, so that the sash may be either retained stationary or allowed to move up and down on the movement of the lower sash.

To enable others to more fully understand the construction and operation of the devices they will now be more Jfully described in detail.

In the iaccompanying drawing, A designates the jamb ofthe window; B the lower and C the upper sash; all of which may be of any suitable form or construction. The inside portions of the top sash next to the jambs of the window is cut away so as to form spaces a. Within theirspaces or recesses are arranged metallic racks D, provided with longitudinal slots m and held in place by the ends of bolts passing through the slots, and headed or otherwise formed to prevent the withdrawal of the same, the opposite ends of these bolts being provided with knobs, by which to operate them, as described hereafter. E E represent racks attached to the lower sashes, similar to the ones upon the upper sash, except that they are rigidly secured to the sash. At or about the point b upon the inside of the jambs A are journaled large spur-wheels F F, carrying pinions G G upon their sides in such a manner that the larger wheels engage with the teeth of the racks E E of the lower sash, lwhile the smaller wheels or pinions engage with the teeth of the racks D D upon the upper sash C, so that when the sash B is raised the racks engage with the wheels F F, they being of a larger diameter than the pinions G G; consequently, the sash B will be caused to travel more rapidly than the sash C; hence the former sash will leave or form a larger open space than the upper sash. The bolts H H extend from the outside of the upper sash through the same and through the racks D D where they are headed or otherwise formed to prevent their withdrawal.

When it is desired to raise the lower sash, without lowering the upper sash, the bolts H H are depressed, which will throw the head of the bolt out from the circular opening in the ends of the slots, and thus allow the racks to be operated without moving the sash itself. The bolts H H are provided with reacting springs f f, which tend to throw the heads of the bolts back against the edges of the slots, and thus allow the racks to have a free movement either up or down until the heads g coincide with the circular openings in the ends of the slots. When this occurs they hold the racks firmly, and the sash can be raised or lowered by operating the lower sash.

h h are small staples, which serve to hold the racks D D rmly against the sash C, so that the springs ff cannot force the same out against the jamb.

It will be seen that the racks and wheels may be arranged on one side of the sashes and jamb only and perform the same functions as two sets 5 but l prefer the latter as being more efficient.

Having thus described my invention, What I pinion G, in combination with the large wheel F claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, and rack E, substantially as described. is To the above Ihave signed my name this 31st l. The sashes B C, provided With the racks D day of J uly, 1871.

E, in combination With the large spur-Wheel F GEORGE E. SMITH. j

and the pinion G, constructed and operated sub- Witnesses: 1 j

stantially as and for the purpose described. NATHL. WOOD, i

2. The locking-bolt H, slotted rack D, and SAMUEL L. GRAVES. (24) i, i i.

US120543D Improvement in sash-balances Expired - Lifetime US120543A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US120543A true US120543A (en) 1871-10-31

Family

ID=2189988

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US120543D Expired - Lifetime US120543A (en) Improvement in sash-balances

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US120543A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605950A (en) * 1949-08-12 1952-08-05 Edward H Colvin Ladder jack
US2842972A (en) * 1955-06-23 1958-07-15 Deplirex Ets Vehicles with expanding bodies

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605950A (en) * 1949-08-12 1952-08-05 Edward H Colvin Ladder jack
US2842972A (en) * 1955-06-23 1958-07-15 Deplirex Ets Vehicles with expanding bodies

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US480148A (en) Sash-fastener
US2033806A (en) Locker latch
US980131A (en) Door-locking mechanism.
US1070365A (en) Fire-door lock.
US738280A (en) Lock.
US226033A (en) Ohaeles m
US528071A (en) Curtain
US188908A (en) Improvement in window-shutters
US164750A (en) Improvement in sash-fasteners
US28729A (en) Sash-fastener
US400778A (en) Folding ladder
US163008A (en) Improvement in sash-fasteners
US113070A (en) Improvement in sash-holders for railroad-cars
US1326450A (en) Hollow door and fittings therefor.
US2226346A (en) Window lock
US351575A (en) Feahcis m
US357943A (en) Fastener for meeting-rails of windows
US71944A (en) andrews
US1217338A (en) Window construction.
US479152A (en) Sash-fastener
US878443A (en) Grain-chute.
US655382A (en) Lock mechanism for reversible windows.
US246590A (en) Elmee e
US993654A (en) Window-guard.
US97934A (en) Improved latch