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US1198958A - Tweezers. - Google Patents

Tweezers. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1198958A
US1198958A US3930615A US1198958A US 1198958 A US1198958 A US 1198958A US 3930615 A US3930615 A US 3930615A US 1198958 A US1198958 A US 1198958A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
jaws
latching
clamping
jaw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Sheridan Risley
Original Assignee
Cleveland Dental Mfg Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B9/00Hand-held gripping tools other than those covered by group B25B7/00
    • B25B9/02Hand-held gripping tools other than those covered by group B25B7/00 without sliding or pivotal connections, e.g. tweezers, onepiece tongs

Description

V 1 S. RISLEY. TWEEZERS.

APPLICATION men JULY 12. ms.

Patented Sept. 19, 1916.

J ImmiiEH 72622555 55.- d. xzma FFTOEI.

SHERIDAN RISLEY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE CLEVELAND DENTAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO.

TWEEZERS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 19, 1916.

Application filed July 12, 1915. Serial No. 39,806.

To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, SHERIDAN RISLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Ouyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tweezers, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates generally to tweezers or pliers, and particularly to that class of devices utilized in holding small pieces of material.

More specifically the invention relates to tweezers or pliers utilized by dentists in holding small articles, such as filling mate rials, cotton, wire or similar articles, and it comprises a pair of spring jaws arranged to normally move into the open position and provided with a suitable locking device which automatically locks the two members when moved into clamping position irrespective of the position of the instrument.

The invention may be further briefly summarized as consisting in the construction and combination of parts hereinafter set forth in the following description, drawings and claims.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of the device with the jaws open; Fig. 2 is a similar View with the jaws closed; Fig. 3 is a plan View; and Fig. 4L is a similar view showing the details of the lock.

In carrying out the invention any preferred form of device may be provided with my invention, so long as it possesses the necessary characteristics, but I have shown one arrangement which is in accordance with the invention, and in such embodiment 1 represents a suitable end portion provided with two spring clamping members 2 and 8 which are arranged to normally spring away from each other, as shown in Fig. 1. These two members are provided with suitable clamping ends 4 and 5 respectively of any preferred type, those in the drawings being shown curved to one side of the instrument. The clamping member 2 is provided with an opening 6 preferably in the form of a slot with a camming face 7 formed in the stock at the rear of the slot, asshown in Fig. 4, and for a purpose to be described. The other member is provided with a slot 8 somewhat longer but generally in alinement with the slot 6. On each side of this slot 8 are suitable ears 9 adapted to receive a pivot pin 10 upon which is mounted a latching bar 11 engaging in the slot 8 and adapted for engagement in the slot 6 when the clamping members are closed.

The latching member is provided with a trip 13 arranged on the opposite side of the pin 10 and adapted to engage the underside of the member 2 and cause the hook 12 to move over the member 2. The latching member 11 is of such a shape that it provides a serrated finger portion 14 on the outside of the clamping member 2 when they are closed, and a serrated thumb portion 15 which normally extends to the outside of the clamping member 3. One of the clamping members may be provided wfth a pin 16 engaging in a suitable opening in the other mem ber to hold the clamping members in alinement.

In operation, the user forces the clamping members toward each other with the result that the clamping member 2 engages the trip 13 and moves the latch member in clockwise direction, as shown in Fig. 4, with the result that the hook portion 12 engages above or on the outside of the clamping member 2 causing the clamping jaws to be locked in closed position, when the article being manipulated will be held rigidly between the two members. To release the members, the operator shifts the latch in a counter-clockwise direction, as shown in the drawings, by manipulating either one or the other of the finger pieces. It is obvious from the disclosure-that the trip 13 will cause the latching of the clamping members irrespective of the position of the instrument.

Referring to Fig. l, the serrated finger and thumb portions 14 and 15, when the jaws are locked, extend outwardly beyond the two jaws of the instrument. The latching member can, therefore, be operated directly from either side, making it unnecessary to shift the position of the hand relative to the instrument, or vice versa, to release the jaws. Moreover, the engaging faces of the hook portion 12 of the latch and the jaw 2 with which it cooperates lie in a plane parallel to the length of said jaw, when the instrument is in locked condition. Therefore, in releasing the jaws the engaging surfaces of the latch and jaw slide over each other without increasing the compression of said jaws, and without appreciable jar or vibration of the article being held.

Having described my invention, I claim 1. An instrument, comprising connected jaws having a normal tendency to move apart, one ofsaid jaws carrying a pivoted latching member arranged to engage the other jaw when the jaws are closed to lock the same, said latching member in locked position extending outwardly beyond both jaws whereby it may be actuated from either side of the instrument.

2. An instrument, comprising connected jaws having a normal tendency to move apart, one of said jaws carrying a pivoted latching member having a thumb piece lying on the outside of said jaw, said member being arranged to engage the other jaw when said jaws are closed to lock the same and having a second thumb piece lying on the outside of the other jaw when said jaws are looked, whereby the latching member may be actuated from either side of the instrument.

3. An instrument, comprising connected jai's having a normal tendency to move apart, one of said jaws carrying a pivoted latching member having a hook portion arranged to engage a portion of the other jaw when the jaws are closed to lock the same,

the pivot of said member lying opposite said engaging portions and the engaging surfaces of said latching member and jaw lying in a plane parallel to the length of said jaw, whereby the latching member may be released without increasing the compression of said jaws.

4. An instrument, comprising connected jaws having a normal tendency to move apart, one of said jaws carrying a pivoted latching member having a hook portion arranged to engage a portion of the other jaw when the jaws are closed to lock the same, the pivot of saidmember lying opposite said engaging portions and the engaging surfaces of said latching member and jaw lying in a plane parallel to-the length ofsaid jaw, whereby the latching member may be released without increasing the compression of said jaws and said latching member being provided with two thumb pieces lying outside of the two j aws, whereby it may be operated from either sideof the instrument.

In testimony whereof I atfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

SHERIDAN RISLEY.

lVitnesses:

ALTON H. BEMIs, A. L. LORD.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner otl'atentl,

Washington, I). G. a

US1198958A 1915-07-12 1915-07-12 Tweezers. Expired - Lifetime US1198958A (en)

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US1198958A US1198958A (en) 1915-07-12 1915-07-12 Tweezers.

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US1198958A US1198958A (en) 1915-07-12 1915-07-12 Tweezers.

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US1198958A true US1198958A (en) 1916-09-19

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140715A (en) * 1960-09-29 1964-07-14 American Hospital Supply Corp Forceps
US3306139A (en) * 1965-09-13 1967-02-28 Robert W Brackett Tweezer construction
US3392727A (en) * 1965-09-15 1968-07-16 Johnson & Johnson Thumb forceps
US3465621A (en) * 1967-11-29 1969-09-09 Ladd Res Ind Locking tweezers
US3809094A (en) * 1969-12-24 1974-05-07 G Cook Tongue extender
US4318313A (en) * 1980-03-10 1982-03-09 Tartaglia John A Tweezer forceps
US4605256A (en) * 1984-10-25 1986-08-12 Augat Inc. Locking tool for manipulation of electronic components
US5520704A (en) * 1992-10-09 1996-05-28 United States Surgical Corporation Everting forceps with locking mechanism
US6431864B1 (en) 2001-03-09 2002-08-13 Harry P. Silverstein Dental tool
US20040051327A1 (en) * 2001-01-10 2004-03-18 Suk-Soo Yoon Choptstick of the pincers type
US20050256539A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2005-11-17 George Mark S Methods and systems for using transcranial magnetic stimulation to enhance cognitive performance
US20060155306A1 (en) * 2002-06-05 2006-07-13 Hyung-Chul Kang Pimple removal utensil
US9445863B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-09-20 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Combination electrosurgical device
US9452011B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-09-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Combination electrosurgical device
US9707028B2 (en) 2014-08-20 2017-07-18 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Multi-mode combination electrosurgical device
US9763730B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-09-19 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument
US9782216B2 (en) 2015-03-23 2017-10-10 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Medical forceps with vessel transection capability
US9901388B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-02-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Hand switched combined electrosurgical monopolar and bipolar device
US9901389B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-02-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Offset forceps

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140715A (en) * 1960-09-29 1964-07-14 American Hospital Supply Corp Forceps
US3306139A (en) * 1965-09-13 1967-02-28 Robert W Brackett Tweezer construction
US3392727A (en) * 1965-09-15 1968-07-16 Johnson & Johnson Thumb forceps
US3465621A (en) * 1967-11-29 1969-09-09 Ladd Res Ind Locking tweezers
US3809094A (en) * 1969-12-24 1974-05-07 G Cook Tongue extender
US4318313A (en) * 1980-03-10 1982-03-09 Tartaglia John A Tweezer forceps
US4605256A (en) * 1984-10-25 1986-08-12 Augat Inc. Locking tool for manipulation of electronic components
US5520704A (en) * 1992-10-09 1996-05-28 United States Surgical Corporation Everting forceps with locking mechanism
US20040051327A1 (en) * 2001-01-10 2004-03-18 Suk-Soo Yoon Choptstick of the pincers type
US6431864B1 (en) 2001-03-09 2002-08-13 Harry P. Silverstein Dental tool
US20050256539A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2005-11-17 George Mark S Methods and systems for using transcranial magnetic stimulation to enhance cognitive performance
US20060155306A1 (en) * 2002-06-05 2006-07-13 Hyung-Chul Kang Pimple removal utensil
US9445863B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-09-20 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Combination electrosurgical device
US9452009B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-09-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Combination electrosurgical device
US9452011B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-09-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Combination electrosurgical device
US9668805B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-06-06 Gyrus Acmi Inc Combination electrosurgical device
US9763730B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-09-19 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument
US9901388B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-02-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Hand switched combined electrosurgical monopolar and bipolar device
US9901389B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-02-27 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Offset forceps
US9707028B2 (en) 2014-08-20 2017-07-18 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Multi-mode combination electrosurgical device
US9782216B2 (en) 2015-03-23 2017-10-10 Gyrus Acmi, Inc. Medical forceps with vessel transection capability

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