US1196838A - Combination bench-lathe and drill-press. - Google Patents

Combination bench-lathe and drill-press. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1196838A
US1196838A US4909315A US4909315A US1196838A US 1196838 A US1196838 A US 1196838A US 4909315 A US4909315 A US 4909315A US 4909315 A US4909315 A US 4909315A US 1196838 A US1196838 A US 1196838A
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United States
Prior art keywords
movable
fixed
jaw
shaft
tool
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Expired - Lifetime
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US4909315A
Inventor
John M Bodene
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CHICAGO FLEXIBLE SHAFT Co
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CHICAGO FLEXIBLE SHAFT CO
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Priority to US4909315A priority Critical patent/US1196838A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B1/00Vices
    • B25B1/24Details, e.g. jaws of special shape, slideways
    • B25B1/2405Construction of the jaws
    • B25B1/2457Construction of the jaws with auxiliary attachments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/50Convertible metal working machine
    • Y10T29/505Vise type

Description

J. M. BODENE.
COMBINATION BENCH LATHE AND DRILL PRESSr APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 4. 1915. 1 ,1 96,838. Patented Sept. 5,1916.
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J. M. BODENE.
' COMBINATION BENCH LATHE AND DRILL PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 4. I915- Pafented Sept. 5
5 SHEETSSHEET 2- Maw/far J'omfl'jocieree.
J. M. BODENE.
COMBINATION BENCH LATHE AND DRILL PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 4.1915.
1 1 96,838. Patented Sept. 5, 1916.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
N w V v :gjfi' W;
J. BODENE. COMBINATION BENCH LATHE AND DRILL PRESS.
' I APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 4. 1915. 1,196,838. Patentedsept. 5,1916.
5 SHEETSSHEET 4.
rm: NaRRIs FEI'ERS ca, Puma-mum. msn-mnwu. n c.
J. M. BODENE.
COMBINATION BENCH LATHE AND DRILL PRESS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT-4.1915.
Patented Sept. 5, 1916.
5 SHEETS-SHEET 5- IIIT JOHN M. BODENE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO CHICAGO FLEXIBLE SHAFT COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
COMBINATION BENCH-LATHE AND DRILL-PRESS.
Application filed September 4, 1915.
T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOHN M. BODENE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State 'of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination Bench-Lathes and Drill-Presses, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof.
The purpose of this invention is to provide an improved device in the nature of a combined bench vise and drill press adapted also for carrying other tools.
It consists in the elements and features of construction shown and described as indicated in the claims.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of the device embodying this invention shown in condition for the ordinary use of a bench vise. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of theupper portion of the device shown equipped with an emery wheel and work rest. Fig. 3 is a similar view of a portion of the device showing it equipped with pipe jaws. Fig. 4 is a similar view showing the upper portion of the device equipped for operation as a drill press. Fig. 5 is a front elevation. Fig. 6 is a section at the line, 66, on Fig. 5, showing the different members assembled as in Fig. 1. Fig. 7 is a section at the line, 7-7, on Fig. 2. Fig. 8 is a detail section at the line, 88, on Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a section at the line, 99, on Fig. 3. Fig. 10 is a detail section of the upper part of the machine at the same plane as Fig. 6, showing the assemblage of parts which is presented in Fig. 4;. Fig. 11 is a top plan view of the fixed member of the vise with the aw member removed.
In the structure shown in the drawings 1 is the fixed member of the bench vise, 2 is the movable member mounted for movement toward and from the fixed member. For the purpose of such mounting and movement, the movable member is provided with two parallel bars, '3, 3, rigid with said movable member and extending through the fixed member in which the said bars obtain Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 5, 1916.
Serial No. 49,093.
slide bearings at 1. Beyond said fixed member there is at the opposite sides thereof from the movable member the bars, 3, 3, rigidly connected by a cross-head, 4-. In this cross-head and in the fixed member be tween the two bars, 3, 3, there is journaled a screw shaft, 5, which extends through both walls of the fixed member, 1, (which is preferably formed hollow as illustrated) and obtains a further hearing at 2?. in the face of the movable member. The screw shaft is stopped against longitudinal movement with respect to the cross-head, 4, by a shoulder, 5 produced by reducing the outer end of the shaft for a short distance, and an operating crank wheel, 7 which is made fast upon the reduced end of the screw shaft for rotating the latter. .This screw shaft takes through and engages a nut, 8, which is mounted loosely in the fixed memher, 1, such mounting being effected by vertical, ribs, 1", l facing each other upon the inner walls of the hollow standard of said member, 1, which ribs engage with the grooves, 8 in the two vertical side edges of the nut, 8. The nut is thus stopped against movement lengthwise of the screw shaft with respect to the standard or fixed member, 1, so that the rotation of the screw shaft by means of the crank handle. tending to propel the nut along the shaft, propels the shaft itself with respect to the nut, which is prevented from moving by its engagement with the fixed member, 1; and thereby the screw shaft engaging the crosshead, 4, by its shoulder in one direction and the hub of the crank wheel, 7, in the other direction, propels the movable member, 2, toward and from the fixed member, 1.
The movable member, 2, is provided with a journal bearing, 2 extending at right angles to the meeting plane of the two jaws a little below the top of the jaws; and in thls bearing there is journaled a shaft, 10, provided at the inner end with a simple form of chuck, 11, for holding a drill or other tool to be rotated co-axially with saidshaft. This chuck is preferably formed integrally with the shaft and of greater diameter than the shaft, so that it forms a stop shoulder by which the shaft is stopped endwise against the inner end of the journal bearing. lChis chuck terminal is exteriorly screw-threaded to adapt it to receive a tool or work holder suitably provided with an interiorly thread ed hub, as for example, the emery wheel shaft hereinafter described. At the outer end the shaft, 10, has rigid with it a gear pinion, 15, and protrudes beyond the pinion and is adapted for engagement of a crank, 16, in any convenient manner, as for example by a cross-pin, 10, set through the protruding end of the shaft and engaging a notch, 16, in the head of the crank handle. On the forward end of the movable vise member, 2 in addition to the gear pinion, 15, there are suitably mounted additional wheels of a speed-multiplying train. As illustrated these wheels are a gear, 17 on a shaft, 17, which is ournaled in the member, 2, and has rigid with it a pinion, 18, which meshes with a gear, 19, rigidly mounted upon a shaft, 19 journaled in the vise member, 2. The shafts, 17 and 19, protrude from the gears on them respectively in the same manner as the shaft, 10, protrudes beyond the gear pinion, 15, and they are each similarly provided with cross-pins, 17 and 19", respectively, for engagement of the notch, 16, in the head of the crank handle, 16, for rotating the shaft and thereby the entire train. By this means it will be seen that three different speeds can be given to the shafts, 10, according as the crank handle is connected with either one of the three shafts, 10, 17 or 19. The jaw piece, 20, of the fixed member, 1, is made in the form of an anvil, 20, having the customary tapered terminal, 20, and carrying the customary removable up-standing cutter, 20 and this anvil jaw-piece is made removable from the fixed member, 1, and interchange able thereon with the jaw-piece, 22, of a different form adapted especially for cooperation with the movable member, 2, when the shaft, 10, on said movable member is carrying a drill or other tool mounted on its inner end. Said second interchangeable removable jaw-piece, 22, 22, has the jaw or rip-standing head to oppose the movable member and the tool carried thereby formed at the end of said jaw-piece, 22, remote from the movable member, 2. Both the jaw pieces, 20 and 22, are engaged with the fixed member, 1, by means of two downwardly projecting lugs, 23 and 2 1-, on said jaw-pieces, entering recesses, 1 and 1 in the top of the fixed member, 1, said recesses or sockets being respectively at the end to ward the movable member and near the opposite end. For security of engagement of the jaw-pieces with the fixed member, not only as against the pressure proceeding from the movable member when it is advanced for gripping or pressing the work, but also as agamst any liability to lift up from the fixed member, 1, the lug, 23, at the inner end of the jaw-piece is undercut or sloped on the side away from the movable member, and the cooperating edge of the recess, 2, is reciprocally undercut, so that when the parts are engaged, the pressure exerted from the movable member, 2, prevents the opposed jaw-piece, 20 or 22, from lifting up from the fixed member, 1.
substantially parallel flanges, 27 and 26,.
projecting off from said faces of each of the members, 1 and 2, the two flanges being in-turned toward each other so as to make substantially a dove-tail seat for engaging the heels of the pipe jaws. The pipe jaws are each made of a plurality of plates, 25, each provided at one end with the customary rightangled notch having serrated edges, 25, and the other end or heel being formed suitably to engage the slide-ways, producing substantially dove-tailed terminal lugs, 25". The several plates forming the respective pipe jaws,being, as illustrated, three in one of the jaws and two in the other,are secured together at the heel by bolts, 25 and spaced apart by fillers, 25 the spacing in each instance being suitable to accommodate a plate of the opposite jaw so that the plates interlock in'service and thereby stay each other against lateral in fringemeut.
A variety of tools or work-holders may be secured to the shaft, 10, for rotation thereby, such tool or work-holder being provided with a hub having an interiorlythreaded socket for screwing on to the exteriorly-threaded chuck 11. One specimen of such device is shown consisting of an emery wheel, 80, mounted between clamping flanges, 31, on the reduced portion, 32*, of the axle, 32, having its inner end provided with an interiorly-threaded socket, 232*, for engaging the exteriorly-threaded chuck as described. The end of the axle, 32, is reduced at 32 to form a suitable journal which obtains a bearing at 20 in the face of the jaw-piece, 20, when the movable member, 2, is suitably adjusted for entering said journal in said hearing. A tool or work-rest for cooperating with whatever may be mounted in the manner in which the emery wheel is above shown and described, whether it be work or tool which is so mounted, is provided so as to be mounted upon the movable member, 2, the provision for this purpose consisting of a fitting, 35, of the general character of a split eye, one of the lugs, 35*, between which the split is made being thickened or extended laterally, and the bolt, 33, which takes through the two lugs for clamping the split eye being the means of securing the fitting to the inner face of the movable member, 2, a convenient position for it being found between the two parallel flanges forming the slideway on that member for the pipe jaw, since the pipe-jaw and the tool or work-rest will never be both in use at the same time. The eye, 35, receives the stem, 36, of an angle bracket made of round steel rod adapted to be clamped tightly in the eye; and on the other arm, 36*, there is mounted a tool or work-rest, 37 which consists of a tablet having projecting from it a lug provided with a suitable eye for receiving said arm, 36", of the bracket, the lug being split and provided with a clamping bolt, 37, for securing the rest fixedly in any position to which it may be adjusted about or along said bracket arm, 36. It will be obvious that the bracket, 36 36', may be used as a toolrest without the member, 37, when that is more convenient for the process being performed. It will be observed that the adjustability of the fitting, 35, about the bolt which secures it to the member, 2, and clamps in it the bracket arm, 36*, and the adjustment of said bracket arm up and down and pivotally in the eye of said fitting, and the double adjustment of the tool or work-rest, 37, that is, adjustment both along the arm, 36*, and around said arm, makes it possible to obtain a position of the tool or work-rest within a wide range longitudinally and transversely of the axis of rotation of the shaft, 10, and angularly with respect to said shaft.
The device is adapted to be used as a lathe by inserting in or screwing onto the chuck, 11, any customary and suitable driving members for engaging the work, adapted to hold such work whether wood or metal,as, for example, the customary driving claw, 4:0, for engaging wood,and mounting a dead-center pin, 41, in the journal bearing, 20, above mentioned, in the jaw-piece, 20.
I claim:
1. A bench vise, comprising a fixed member carrying one of the jaws and a movable member carrying the opposed jaw and mounted on the fixed member for movement to cause the jaws to approach and recede from each other; the means for so mounting said movable member on the fixed member comprising two parallel bars rigid with the movable member, and extending through the fixed member and obtaining slide bearings therein and emerging at the opposite side thereof from said movable member, and a cross-head comiecting said bars beyond said opposite side of said fixed member; the means for moving the movable member toward and from the fixed member comprising a screw shaft j ournaled in the movable member and in said cross-head between the two slide bars, and extending intermediate said bearings through the fixed member; a nut mounted in the fixed member engaging the screw shaft and stopped against movement longitudinally of said screw shaft, tool-op crating mechanism mounted on the outer side of the movable member and means on the opposite end of said screw shaft beyond the cross-head for rotating the shaft.
2. A bench vise, comprising in combination with a fixed member carrying one of the jaws, a member mounted movably with respect to the fixed member carrying the other jaw, means connecting said two members comprising two parallel bars in substantially the same vertical plane rigid with said movable member and extending through and having slide bearings in the fixed member; a cross-head rigidly connecting said bars at the opposite side of said fixed member from said movable member; a screw shaft journaled at its opposite ends in the movable member, one of said journal bearings in said cross-head and intermediately extending with freedom of longitudinal movement through the fixed member in the vertical plane of the two bars and between the latter; a nut mounted loosely in the fixed member and stopped therein against movement relatively thereto along the axis of the screw shaft and engaging the latter; means mounted on the movable member for carrying a rotating tool and a gear train for rotating said tool-carrying member, comprising shafts projecting from the outer side of said movable jaw-carrying member, and means on the screw shaft at the opposite end thereof from said movable jaw for rotating the screw shaft.
3. A bench vise, comprising in combination with a fixed member carrying one of the jaws, a movable member mounted on the fixed member and carrying the other jaw; means connecting said two members for adjustment of the movable member toward the fixed member, said means comprising two parallel bars rigid with the movable member and extending through the fixed member and obtaining slide bearings in the latter; a cross-head rigidly connecting said bars at the opposite side of the fixed member from said movable jaw-carrying member; a screw shaft journaled in said cross-head and stopped against longitudinal movement with respect thereto, and extending through the fixed member with freedom of longitudinal movement therein, and a nut mounted in the fixed member engaging the screw shaft and stopped against longitudinal movement with respect thereto; the fixed member being provided with an extension back of the fixed jaw constituting an anvil, and the movable member having means mounted in it for carrying the rotating tool and for rotating such tool, the screw shaft being provided with a handle for rotating it, secured to it beyond the cross-head in position for being overhung by the tapered nose-terminal of the anvil when the movable member is widely separated from the fixed member.
4. A bench vise, comprising in combination, a fixed member for carrying one of the opposing jaws; a member mounted for movement toward and from the fixed member and carrying the other opposing jaw; means for operating and guiding said movable member in said movement; said movable member having a journal bearing extending transversely to the jaw faces; a shaft journaled in said bearing having the inner end adapted for carrying a tool or work to be rotated by the shaft, and interchangeable jaw pieces for the fixed member adapted for mounting upon the top of said fixed member, one of said aw pieces having the jaw at the end of said jaw-piece remote from said movable member, extending up into position directly facing the aw of the movable member for opposing said last mentioned jaw.
5. A bench vise, comprising in combination, a fixed member for carrying one of the opposing jaws; a member mounted for movement toward and from the fixed member and carrying the other opposing jaw; means for operating and guiding said movable member in said movement; said movable member having a journal bearing ex tending transversely to the jaw faces; a shaft journaled in said bearing having the inner end adapted for carrying a tool or work to be rotated by the shaft, and the interchangeable jaw pieces for the fixed member adapted for mounting upon the top of said fixed member, one of said jaw pieces having the jaw for opposing the jaw on the movable member at the end of said jawpiece toward said movable member, and the other having the jaw for opposing that on the movable member at the end of said jawpiece remote from said movable member, the means for engaging said interchangeable aw-pieces with said fixed member comprising two sockets opening up through the top of the fixed member at a distance apart along the line of the approach and withdrawal of the movable member; lugs on the interchangeable jaw pieces projecting downwardly therefrom for engaging said sockets respectively, the socket nearer the movable member having its face remote from that member under-cut so as to slope downward away from said movable member, and the lug for engaging said sockets being reciprocally formed to engage said undercut side of the socket.
6. A bench vise comprising a fixed member and a member mounted for movement toward and from said fixed member, the movable member having a journal bearing extending through it in a direction at right angles to the plane of the meeting faces of the vise jaws; a shaft journaled in said bearing, having its inner end adapted for holding a tool or work to be rotated by the shaft, the outer end of the shaft for rotating it and a tool or work rest removably mounted on the inner face of said movable member.
7. A bench vise comprising a fixed member and a member mounted for movement toward and from said fixed member, the movable member having a journal bearing extending through it in a direction at right angles to the plane of the meeting faces of the vise jaws; a shaft journaled in said bear ing, having its inner end adapted for holding a tool or work to be rotated by the shaft, and means on the outer end of the shaft for rotating it, a tool or work rest removably mounted on the inner face of said movable member, the means for so mounting it being a bolt screwed into said face of said movable member, said tool or work-rest comprising a split-bearing member, having lugs between which the split is made, said lugs being apertured for receiving the bolt and one of the lugs being protruded laterally for bearing against the face of the vise member into which they bolt is screwed, whereby said bolt simultaneously closes the splitbearing and binds the said member onto the inner wall of the vise member, and an L-shaped bracket, one arm of which is adapted to be clamped in said splitbearing, while the other arm extends in position for affording support.
8. A bench vise comprising a fixed member and a member mounted for movement toward and from said fixed member, the movable member having a journal bearing extending through it in a direction at right angles to the plane of the meeting faces of the vise jaws; a shaft journaled in said bearing, having its inner end adapted for holding a tool or work to be rotated by the shaft, and means on the outer end of the shaft for rotating it, a tool or work rest removably mounted on the inner face of said movable member, the means for so mounting it being abolt screwed into said face of said movable member, said tool or work-rest comprising a split-bearing member, having lugs between which the split is made, said lugs being apertured for receiving the bolt and one of the lugs being protruded laterally for bearing against the face of the vise arm, and means for clamping it in position member into which the bolt is screwed, therealong and thereabout.
whereby said bolt simultaneously closes the In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set split-bearing and binds the said member my hand at Chicago, Illinois, this 31st day 5 onto the inner wall of the vise member; of August, 1915.
an L-shaped bracket, one arm of which is adapted to be clamped in said split bearing,
while the other arm extends in position for afi'ording support, and a tablet mounted for 10 sliding and turning on said last mentioned JOHN M. BODENE.
Witnesses:
L. H. LA CHANGE, H. B. OBDILL.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.
US4909315A 1915-09-04 1915-09-04 Combination bench-lathe and drill-press. Expired - Lifetime US1196838A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4576529A (en) * 1983-03-09 1986-03-18 Hans Forrer Multipurpose clamping device for workpieces, particularly of wood

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4576529A (en) * 1983-03-09 1986-03-18 Hans Forrer Multipurpose clamping device for workpieces, particularly of wood

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