US1196580A - Hinge. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1196580A
US1196580A US8357216A US8357216A US1196580A US 1196580 A US1196580 A US 1196580A US 8357216 A US8357216 A US 8357216A US 8357216 A US8357216 A US 8357216A US 1196580 A US1196580 A US 1196580A
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United States
Prior art keywords
leaves
plate
box
pocket
hinge
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Expired - Lifetime
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US8357216A
Inventor
Gustave Pelot
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Gustave Pelot
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Publication date
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Priority to US8357216A priority Critical patent/US1196580A/en
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Publication of US1196580A publication Critical patent/US1196580A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • E05D5/08Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps of cylindrical shape
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/554Hinge including means to fasten leaf to member

Description

G. PELOT.
HINGE.
APPLICAUON FILED MAR. 1l. ma.
PatQnted Aug. 29, i916.
...pe Piaf,
HINGE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug'. 29', 1916.
Application filed March 11, 1916. Serial No. 83,572.
To all whom t may concern:
Beit known that I, GUSTAVE PELOT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Alton, in the county of Madison and State of Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Hinges, of which the following is a specification.
In the use of leaf hinges and especially in the use of hasps when it is desired to connect two members, such as a door and a frame or a box and a lid, it is often of great advantage that the end or a portion of the hinge be detachably connected to one of the members whereby the remaining member may be detached therefrom, the detached member carrying the entire hinge or hasp thereupon.
It is therefore my purpose to provide a hinge of this character having means upon one of the members for detachably connecting the other member, the detached member carrying the hinge or hasp.
In carrying out my invention I provide a plate having a groove formed therein, which is secured to one of the members thereby forming a pocket, the pocket adapted to receive one of the leaves of the hinge as the case may be, and means upon the plate for retaining the hasp or the leaves within the pocket. In the present embodiment of my invention I have shown the same applied to a box of any common construction, having a hinged lid, the leaf hinges being used to connect the lid to the box and the hasp serving to keep the lid in closed position upon the box.
Other objects will appear as the specification is read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which Figure l is a front elevation of the box showing my invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a vertical section through one of the hinges and the hasp, showing both of them in locked position. Fig, 3 is a detail view of the plate and retaining means for the hinges.
Referring to the drawings in detail, 1 designates a wooden box of any common construction which is provided with the usual hinged lid 2. Secured to the inner face of the lid at the rear edge thereof are a pair of leaves 3, each constituting a section of a leaf hinge, and provided with the usual alined knuckles 4, the latter being disposed beyond the rear edge of the lid. Swingingly mounted within each of the leaves 3 are the engaging leaves 5 of the hinges, they being connected together by means of a pin 6. The leaves 5a are bent at their connection with the leaves 3 at right angles to provide offset portions 7, whereby its connection with thev leaves 3 will be disposed at a point rearwardly of the rear edge of the box 1. Secured to the inner face of the rear wall of the box l at points adjacent the opposite ends 3 thereof are a pair of elongated plates 8, each of which is bent longitudinally as at 9 to provide a vertically extending pocket l0. To provide a rear wall for the pocket 10 and protect the adjacent wall of the box, I have cut the bent portion of each of the plates 8 transversely as at 10', the cut portion 11 being bent inwardly or rearwardly so as to lie in the same plane as the vertical edges of the plate. It will be noted that in this embodiment of my invention, I have shown leaf hinges of a common construction, the respective leaves being tapered from their connection and the bent portions of the plate being'. tapered from their upper end downwardly to correspond to the outline of the leaves 5. Secured to the outer face of each of the plates and extending vertically of the same, are leaf springs l1 they being formed preferably of spring steel secured to the plates at their upper extremity. These springs 11 are bent longitudinally so as to dispose their free or lower end in spaced relation to the plate. The lower extremities of each of these springs 1l are bent at right angles outwardly to provide operating handles 12 each of which is provided with eyes for a purpose hereinafter described. Formed on the inner face of each of these springs 11 adjacent their lower ends are retaining lugs 13, they being preferably of wedge formation. These lugs 13 are adapted to extend through openings 14 formed in the plate and into recesses 15 formed in the rear wall of the box.
Mounted within each of the pockets 10 are the lower leaves of the hinges, each of these leaves being provided with openings 16, each of which is adapted to aline with the openings and recesses 14 and l5, the offset portions of the leaves limiting the downward movement thereof and causing the opening formed therein to register.
It will be seen from this construction that the leaves are placed within the pocket l0, the lugs 13 under the action of the leaf springs l1 will pass through the openings 16 in the leaves and owing to their edge formation, will hold the leaves within the pockets. When it is desired to remove the leaves of the hinge from the pocket and to detach the lid from the box, the leaf springs are gripped by the handles 12 and pulled away from the plate so as to cause the lugs 13 to be moved from the opening 16 in the leaves whereby the leaves may be slid from the pockets as will be understood. In order to pull both of the leaf springs 11 simultaneously and to release both of these leaves "of the hinge simultaneously, I have provided a tool 17 which is formed of a single piece of wire bent upon itself at its medial portion to provide a loop 18 and then twisted upon itself as at 19 to provide a ridged section, the free ends of which are when bent at angles in opposite directions to provide the lateral extending arms 22. The free ends of the arms 20 are bent at right anglesand in the same direction to providey the iingers 21.
It will be understood that the fingers' 21 are arranged in such relation tov each other as to correspond to the distance between the eyes on the disk of the handles 12, the n-l gers being adapted to be inserted into the eyes of the handles simultaneously whereby upon gripping the tool by the loop 18 and pulling in a direction away from the plate, the springs will be actuated to move the lugs from the pockets 10.
Referring more particularly to the hasp or the manner in which it is locked within the pocket formed on the inner face of the front wall of the box, it is thought that a detailed description of the construction of the plate forming the pocket is unnecessary, as it is identical with that of the plate formed on the rear wall of the pocket, and
therefore a detail explanation of the same will be omitted.
Secured to the inner face of the lid at the forward edge thereof is a hasp 22 of any common construction the same being provided with the usual opening 23. The hasp is adapted to rest within the pocket formed in the front wall of the box when in closed position and is retained within the pocket in a manner similar to that of the leaves of the hinges.
Mounted upon the plate is the spring 2i similar to the springs 11, the only difference being that the spring 211 at the lower end thereof extends beyond the lower end of the plate and is then bent at right angles as at 25 in a direction toward the plate and is adapted to pass through an opening 2G in the front wall of the box. It will be seen from this construction that access may be had to thespring from the outside of the box whereby the spring may be actuated to remove the lug from the pocket and thereby release the hasp. It will thus be seen that I have provided means for locking the lid in closed position upon the box and for dctaching the lid from the box.
Vhat I claim is In combination, a pair of hinged leaves, one of said leaves being formed with an opening, a plate having its longitudinal medial portion bent to provide a groove on one side thereof, the intermediate portion of the medial portion being slit transversely and bent to the opposite side of the plate to form an opening in the grooved portion and cooperating with the groove to form a pocket, a leaf spring secured to said plate 'and spanning the opening formed in the `grooved side of the plate, and a lug formed on said spring and extending through said plate and into the opening in said leaf.
In testimony whereof I aliix my signature in presence of two witnesses. A
GUSTAVE PELOT. Witnesses IV. E. SEAGO, FRED. Somme.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for 've cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
` Washington, D. C.
US8357216A 1916-03-11 1916-03-11 Hinge. Expired - Lifetime US1196580A (en)

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US8357216A US1196580A (en) 1916-03-11 1916-03-11 Hinge.

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US8357216A US1196580A (en) 1916-03-11 1916-03-11 Hinge.

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2721547A (en) * 1952-05-05 1955-10-25 Tappan Stove Co Closure mechanism for a cooking range oven
US2780219A (en) * 1953-05-18 1957-02-05 Tappan Stove Co Closure mechanism for oven doors
US2829397A (en) * 1954-10-11 1958-04-08 Nagy Ferdinand Hinge and accessory
US3095582A (en) * 1960-03-03 1963-07-02 Arthur P Booth Foot flush assemblies for use with a water closet
DE1559940B1 (en) * 1966-03-24 1972-03-23 Kunststoff Gmbh Concealed attachable hinge for furniture or the like.
US3728758A (en) * 1969-12-16 1973-04-24 Grorud Jernvarefab As Hinge
US3977043A (en) * 1973-05-17 1976-08-31 Ernst Zernig Furniture hinge
US4712336A (en) * 1983-04-18 1987-12-15 Backer Bruce E Interconnecting "full bleed" modular panel and connective hardware system to form a variety of exhibit and office interior enclosures
US4717216A (en) * 1985-08-13 1988-01-05 General Datacomm, Inc. Multi circuit board card enclosure
US20160378146A1 (en) * 2015-06-27 2016-12-29 Intel Corporation Fastenerless Hinge which Enables Thin Form Factor Low Cost Design

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2721547A (en) * 1952-05-05 1955-10-25 Tappan Stove Co Closure mechanism for a cooking range oven
US2780219A (en) * 1953-05-18 1957-02-05 Tappan Stove Co Closure mechanism for oven doors
US2829397A (en) * 1954-10-11 1958-04-08 Nagy Ferdinand Hinge and accessory
US3095582A (en) * 1960-03-03 1963-07-02 Arthur P Booth Foot flush assemblies for use with a water closet
DE1559940B1 (en) * 1966-03-24 1972-03-23 Kunststoff Gmbh Concealed attachable hinge for furniture or the like.
US3728758A (en) * 1969-12-16 1973-04-24 Grorud Jernvarefab As Hinge
US3977043A (en) * 1973-05-17 1976-08-31 Ernst Zernig Furniture hinge
US4712336A (en) * 1983-04-18 1987-12-15 Backer Bruce E Interconnecting "full bleed" modular panel and connective hardware system to form a variety of exhibit and office interior enclosures
US4717216A (en) * 1985-08-13 1988-01-05 General Datacomm, Inc. Multi circuit board card enclosure
US20160378146A1 (en) * 2015-06-27 2016-12-29 Intel Corporation Fastenerless Hinge which Enables Thin Form Factor Low Cost Design
US9703327B2 (en) * 2015-06-27 2017-07-11 Intel Corporation Fastenerless hinge which enables thin form factor low cost design
US10435932B2 (en) * 2015-06-27 2019-10-08 Intel Corporation Fastenerless hinge which enables thin form factor low cost design

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