US1194649A - Non-befillable bottle - Google Patents

Non-befillable bottle Download PDF

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US1194649A
US1194649A US1194649DA US1194649A US 1194649 A US1194649 A US 1194649A US 1194649D A US1194649D A US 1194649DA US 1194649 A US1194649 A US 1194649A
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bottle
neck
auxiliary
closure
guard
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves

Description

J. F. LOTS.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 22. 1916.
1,194,649. PatentedAug.15,1 916.
INVENTOR WITNESSES L0 ATTORNEY JOSEPH F. LOTS, OF SPOKANE, WASHINGTON.
NON-BEFILLABLE BOTTLE.
Application filed March 22, 1916.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH F. LoTs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Spokane, in the county of Spokane and State of \Vashington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Re fillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to an improved non-refillable bottle and the principal object of the invention is to provide the bottle with an improved type of neck put in place after the bottle is filled and provided with means for releasably holding a closure in, place, the spring controlled plunger holding the closure in place'being slidably mounted so that the weight of the closure may move the plunger to permit the closure to move to an open position when the bottle is inverted for emptying.
Another object of the inventionis to so construct this bottle that the guard which carries the spring plunger may be mounted in the auxiliary neck before being put in place and to further provide means for securely locking the auxiliary neck upon the bottle when put in place and screwed tight.
Another object of the invention is to so construct this auxiliary neck and guard as to provide a valve housing when the auxiliary neck is in place, the closure or stopper being in the form of a ball held in tight engagement with the bottle neck by the plunger when the bottle is in an upright po-- sition.
This improved non-refillable bottle is dis closed in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through the upper portion of the improved bottle. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the bottle with the auxiliary neck removed. Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the auxiliary neck. Fig. 1 is an enlarged side elevation of the valve housing.
The bottle 10 is provided with a short externally threaded neck 11 and with teeth 12 positioned about the base of the neck to form a rack. The auxiliary neck 13 is externally threaded and has an enlarged base 14 which base carries a resilient pawl or looking meansv 15 positioned to engage the teeth of the rack 12 when the auxiliary neck is screwed tightly upon the bottle neck 11. A guard 16 is screwed into the auxiliary neck 13 and is provided at its inner end with arms 17 Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 15, 1916.
Serial No. 85,965.
around this ball 18 and through the guard 16. The plunger 20 which holds the ball 18 in tight engagement with the valve seat 19 ,is slidably mounted in the opening formed in the bridges or cross bars 21 of this guard and is provided with an abutment collar 22 which is engaged by the spring 23 thus yieldably holding the plunger in the position shown in Fig. 1. This spring will be of sufficient strength to hold the plunger in the operative position when the bottle is in the upright position shown in Fig. 1 but is not sufficiently strong to prevent the weight of the. ball 18 from moving the plunger outwardly when the bottle is inverted. A cap 24: is provided at the outer end of the guard and has its side walls provided with openings 25 through which the fluid may pass.
Vhen this bottle is in use, the bottle is first filled and after the guard has been screwed into the auxiliary neck and the closure ball 18 put in place upon the seat 19, the auxiliary neck is screwed tightly upon the bottle neck. The spring 15 will securely lock the auxiliary neck in place thus preventing it from being removed. Upon inverting the bottle, the weight of the ball 18 will move the plunger outwardly thus permitting the ball to move away from the outlet neck 11 and the fluid can then flow out of the bottle through the guard and through the auxiliary neck. Upon again moving the bottle to an upright position, the closure ball will return to its position upon the seat where it will be securely held in place by the spring controlled plunger. I have therefore provided a bottle which is so constructed that it can be initially filled but which is further so constructed that it cannot be refilled after being emptied. It should be further noted that if it is attempted to refill this bottle by inverting the same and forcing liquid into the bottle through the neck, the force of the fluid passing through the guard will move the closure ball into engagement with the seat 19 thus preventing the fluid from entering the bottle.
What is claimed is 1. A bottle having a body portion, an externally threaded neck extending from said body portion, the body portion being provided with teeth at the base of the neck forming a circular rack, an auxiliary neck screwed upon the bottle neck, a resilient strip carried by the auxiliary bottle neck and engaging the rack teeth of the bottle to lock the auxiliary neck upon the bottle neck, a guard within the auxiliary neck provided with fluid outlets, a closure fitting within said guard and upon the bottle neck, and means yieldably holding the closure in engagement with the bottle neck.
2. A non-refillable bottle including a receptacle, an externally threaded neck for said receptacle, the receptacle being provided with rack teeth adjacent the bottom of the neck, an auxiliary neck screwed upon the threaded neck and provided with a pawl for engaging the rack teeth and lock the auxiliary neck in place, a closure ball fitting upon the threaded neck, a guard within the auxiliary neck and provided with outlet openings, and means in said guard engaging the closure ball to yieldably hold the same in engagement with the threaded neck.
3. A bottle, a neck for said bottle, an auxiliary neck screwed upon the bottle neck, said bottle being provided with rack teeth positioned in a circular track about the bottle neck and said auxiliary neck being provided with a pawl for engaging the rack teeth of the bottle, a closure fitting upon the bottle neck, a guard within said auxiliary neck, and a spring controlled plunger slidably mounted within said guard and engaging the closure to yieldably hold the same in engagement with thebottle neck.
4. A bottle, a neck for said bottle, said bottle being provided with rack teeth positioned about the bottle neck, a closure movably mounted upon said bottle neck, an auxiliary neck secured upon said bottle neck, a pawl carried by said auxiliary neck for engaging the rack teeth of the bottle, a guard housing mounted in said auxiliary neck above said closure an open outer end, and a plunger slidably mounted in the housing and yieldably held in engagement with said closure.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses. V
JOSEPH F. LOT$. Witnesses:
F. H. REYNOLDS, W. C. DONOVAN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.
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