US1176692A - Unit partition and wall construction. - Google Patents

Unit partition and wall construction. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1176692A
US1176692A US1913759213A US1176692A US 1176692 A US1176692 A US 1176692A US 1913759213 A US1913759213 A US 1913759213A US 1176692 A US1176692 A US 1176692A
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Prior art keywords
posts
unit
panel
grooves
strips
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Rayburn Clark Smith
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George W Smith & Co Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination
    • E04B2/82Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination characterised by the manner in which edges are connected to the building; Means therefor; Special details of easily-removable partitions as far as related to the connection with other parts of the building
    • E04B2/825Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination characterised by the manner in which edges are connected to the building; Means therefor; Special details of easily-removable partitions as far as related to the connection with other parts of the building the connection between the floor and the ceiling being achieved without any restraining forces acting in the plane of the partition

Description

R. 0. SMITH.

UNIT PARTITION AND WALL consmucnon.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. I9i3.

Patented Mar. 21, 1916.

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R. C. SMITH.

UNIT PARTITION AND WALL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. I913.

Patented Mar. 21, 1916.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

R. C. SMITH. UNIT PARTITION AND WALL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. 1913.

1,176,692. r Patented Mar. 21,1916.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

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UNIT PARTITION AND WALL CONSTRUCTION.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 5. 1913.

\ 1,176,692. Patented Mar. 21,1916.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

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8 wue ntoz 12a Znurrz csmz'zil. M 35gb. floznu le z y TED sTA'rEs PATEN RAYBUBN CLARK SMITH, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO GEORGE W. SMITH & CO. INC., OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.

UNIT PARTITION ANI) WALL CONSTRUCTION.

Application died April 6, 1918. Serial No. 759,213.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, RAYBURN CLARK SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have in vented new and useful Improvements in Unit Partition and Wall Construction, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to a unit partition construction, and has for its object to pro-' vide a partition which is equally adapted for the construction of division walls of rooms, walls of booths, and for other temporary structures, and may be employed for various purposes that will suggest themselves to persons skilled in this line of work.

The partition hasl many novel features, among which may be' mentioned portability due to its construction of unit sections, each complete in itself with the necessary fastening devices permanently secured thereon. These several units comprise posts or pilasters, base sections, panels, mid-rail sections, cornice sections, and when desired sash sections. Also included in the unit sections are doors, door frames, and ceiling members. The units areof-such size as to be easily transportable, and all sections of like kind are made in standard size, and are interchangeable, making possible the easy increase or reduction in size of structures built of these units.

The partition is also sound and dustproof, This is accomplished by forming on the edges orconnecting parts of the several units interchanging tongue and groove joints, and lining these joints with felt or like material; making the window sash double with an air space between the glass, and by building up the panels with a central cellular or honey-comb construction.

When the partition is employed to form a closed ro m or booth with a ceiling, vent-ilation is obtained by hinging one or more .loose panels or sashes forming a part of said ceiling, so that said hinged members may be raised and lowered as desired.

Besides the several features of invention herein specifically mentioned other advantages will be brought out in the course of the description and suggested to those skilled in the art, the particular features of the invention being pointed out in the accompanying claims.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 21, 1916.

/ In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 1s a perspectiveview illustrating clearly the panel construction arranged to form a booth or room with a ceiling. Fi 2 is a perspective view of a corner post unit viewed from the inner side. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the intermediate posts which are placed between the corner posts. Fig. 4 1s a perspective view of a complete panel or Section which extends between two of the posts, said panel or section being made up of several units. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the same panel, the unit members of which are shown separated. Fig. 6 is avertical sectional view on the line --6, Fi 1, looking in the direction indicated by the or rows. Fig. 7 is a horizontal sectional view on the irregular line 7-7, Fig. 1. Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional view through a door and its frame on the line 88, Fig. 1. Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a portion of the ceiling. FigflO is a sectional view on the line 1111 Fig. 9, showing a hinged sash which may be raised for ventilation purposes. Fig. 11 is a side elevation partly broken away illustrating the preferred form of panel which may constitute a feature of the invention. This view is upon an enlarged scale. Fig. 12 is a vertical section showing a portion of the parts which are illustrated in Fig. 6, and showing details of the arrangement for securing the sash. This view is upon an enlarged scale. Fig. 13 is a vertical section upon an enlarged scale -showing-a part of the lower portion of Fig. 6.

In the drawings, referring particularly to Fig. 1, 20 are the corner posts or pilasters,

and 21 are the intermediate posts, between which posts are panels or partition sections 22, made up of the following parts: the base unit 23. cornice unit 24.. and an intermediate panel 25, which may extend from base to cornice if desired. or if preferred this space may be divided by a mid-rail unit 26. and the upper and lower divisions thereof filled me with panels 25, or a sash 27 may be placed is L-shaped in cross section, and made of a number of narrow vertical strips of wood 30 glued or otherwise securely fastened together, and covered on their inner and outer faces with a laminated veneer 31. These strips 30 may extend the full length of the post, or be made of a number of shorter pieces. Posts constructed with a core of small strips of wood covered by veneering are cheaper and stronger than when made of a single piece. The small strips, of which the posts are made, when fastened together in the manner shown, prevent springing and twisting of the post, and may be made of a cheap wood, which being covered by laminated veneer the outer layer of which may be of an expensive or rare wood, presents an ornamental and attractive post, which may be put up at a minimum of cost. Vertically through the center of the post passes an opening 32, for electric wires. At the bottom of the posts are attached blocks 33 to form an ornamental base, which is finished with a scribe molding 34 that rests upon the floor. At the top of the post or pilaster, both on its inner and outer sides, are moldings 35, which form a capital for the post, and over the spreading upper edges of these moldings are blocks 36 which cover the ends of the post and the upper edges of the moldings. Extending from the bottom to the top of the post or pilaster in each edge, where'it adjoins the panel sections 22, is a groove 37, and seated in the bottom of this groove opposite the base 23, cornice 24, and mid-rail 26, are plates 38 having vertically elongated slots 39 therein to receive fastening devices whereby the base, cornice, and midrail are connected firmly to the column.

The strips of which the posts are made are preferably, of rectangular horizontal cross section, and are preferably attached together with the flat sides of the strips disposed at right angles to the plane of the wall which is being constructed. In other words the flats or flat sides of these strips are at right angles to the planes of the panels which assist in forming the wall.

The intermediate posts or pilasters 21 are made in the same manner as the corner post, but are made rectangular in form instead of L-shaped, and without the opening 32 for electric wires. The lateral edges of the intermediate posts have grooves 37 therein and also the slotted plates 38.

The base unit 23, cornice unit 24, and mid-rail unit 26, are each made of a pinrality of narrow horizontal strips 50. secured together in the same manner as the strips of the posts or pilasters, and covered on their outer faces with laminated veneering. The ends of these several members are provided with tongues 40 which fit closely within the grooves 37 of the post, and to render these joints sound proof the outer edges of the tongues are covered with felt 41, or like material. Screwed to the bottom of the base unit 23 are two or more metal socket pieces 42 to receive dowel pins 43, which project upwardly from the fioor.

Screwed to the outer faces of the tongues 40 plate and tends to draw the rail into close abutment with the post. The top of the base unit is grooved at 46 in 'a manner similar to the groove 37 in the edges of the posts,

and provided with two or more dowel pins 47, which project up from plates screwed in the bottom of the grooves.

The cornice unit 24, made as described, of horizontal strips and laminated veneering is also provided with a spreading molding 48 at its upper edge similar to the capital molding on the posts or pilasters, and is finished by horizontal strips 49, as shown, to cover the gaps between the upper edge of the molding and the horizontal strips of which the cornice is built. A small molding may be provided on the sides of the cornice at its lower edge. This, however, is a detail of ornamentation, which may be omitted, changed, or arranged in any manner in conformity with the taste of the builder. In the bottom of the cornice is made a groove 51 to receive a tongue on the sash or panel as the case may be. Screwed to the bottom of the groove are two or more plates 51 having holes therein for dowel pins on the panel or sash. The ends of the cornice are formed with tongues 52 similar to the tongues on the ends'of the base unit, and screwed to these tongues are plates 44 with key-hooks 45 whereby the cornice unit is attached to the slotted plates 38 at the top of the columns.

Mid-rail unit 26 made of horizontal strips of laminated veneering, as shown, has a groove in its upper and lower edges, inthe bottom of which grooves are screwed plates provided with dowel pins to engage a tongue projecting from the sash unit, and the upper edge of the lower panel unit. The ends of the mid-rail section are provided with tongues and key-hook plates, as described in connection with the base and cornice units, and for the same purpose.

The panel unit 25 is of a rectangular form having a built-up interior and covered on both faces with laminated veneering 55. The inner structure of the panel is of cellular or honey-comb construction, and is made, as shown in Fig. 11, by a number of strips 56 extending transversely of the panel and spaced apart, between which stri s are placed blocks 57 separated from eac other to form cells 58 that provide air cushions between the two laminated panels and tend to prevent the passage of sound. Each strip 56 and block 57 has a dove-tailed groove 60 in one edge and a dove-tailed tongue 61 on its opposite edge, so that said parts when connected by these grooves and tongues form a strong rigid connection, which will not twist nor warp. The thickness of the panel 25 is just sufficient to enter neatly the grooves in the posts or pilasters, the base unit and the mid-rail unit, the outer edges of said panel unit being covered with felt or like material in the same manner as the tongues on the other units, so as to secure a dust-proof and sound-proof joint.

The sash unit 27 is preferably made double, an outer member 62 and an inner member 63 forming the combined sash. The

outer member '62 is fixed in place within a frame 64, arib 65 on the inner surface of said frame engaging a groove 66 in the edge of the outer member, the frame 64 is of the same width as the tongues of the several members heretofore mentioned, and enters the grooves in the posts, cornice, and midrail. Dowel pins are'secured on the top of the frame 64 to enter suitable holes in the cornice formed at the bottom of the oove in the lower edge thereof. Felt packing 67 is placed on the outer edge of the tongue of the frame to make the oints between the sash and the other units dust and sound proof. The inner sash member '63 of the sash has dowel pins 68 on its under side and a sliding pin 69 on its upper member operated by a thumb button 70 for engaging and disengaging said pin 69 with respect to the frame 64 when it is desired to remove the inner member from the frame.

The door unit 28 presents the same external appearance as an ordinary panel door, the frame of which is built up of vertical and horizontal strips similar to the posts, base and cornice, and covered externally with laminated veneering, as clearly represented in Fig. 8. The door is provided with a panel 72 and a sash 73, the former being made of cellular construction in the same manner as the panel unit 25 and the sash made double like the sash 27. On each side of the door, and at the top is the door frame 29, from which project tongues 71 to enter grooves in the post or pilasters and in the under edge of the cornice, suitable dowel pins being provided on the tongue at the top of the frame to enter holes in the cornice, as shown.

The several unit members of this partition or wall construction are all made to ing frame so that it ma standard sizes, like units having the same dimensions, and being interchangeable one with the other, so that no skill will be resition on the several units, and when fittedtogether hold the parts withall the rigidity of a solid structure. Loose fastening devices such as nails, screws, and the like, are entirely unnecessary in erecting the partitions, division walls booths, or any other structure for which this invention may be used. If it is desired at any time to enlarge or diminish a wall, booth or room the same may be done by adding to or removing from the structure one or more posts and anel members until the proper size desire has been reached.

When it is desired to fully inclose a space surrounded by a partition constructed as described, as for instance to place a top or ceiling over a booth or room, encircling strips of wood or narrow boards 75 are placed around the four sides of the booth or room at the top, and are supported by the projecting inner cornice molding, as shown in Fig. 6. These strips 75 have a projecting ledge 77 on their inner edges to support lon tudinal cross members or beams 76, ti e ends of which are stepped to rest on the ledges 77 of the strips 75. The stri s or beams 76 have also projecting ledges 8 on which rest short bars 79 extending between the beams 76 and the surrounding members 75, so as to divide it up into a series of rectangular spaces SO, which are filled by panels or sashes as may be desired. To obtain ventilation, one or more of the anels or sashes in the ceiling will be hinged to its supportbe raised, as in dotted lines, in Fig. 11. ny suitable means may be employed for securing the ceiling members upon the cornice units, or if desired these several members may .be placed in position without fastening means, the several parts fitting snugl in place will not require to be fastened. 5n the upper side of the encircling strips 75 and the cross beams 76 are formed grooves 81 in which may be placed electric wires. Holes 82 are bored through said strips or beams through any one or more of which the wires may pass into the room or booth below.

What I claim is 1. A unit partition or Wall structure comprising, in combination, a pair of posts having longitudinally extending grooves formed in their confronting faces, a pair of rails, locking members for the rails, locking members on the posts cooperating with the locking members for the rails and adapted to receive the latter when such rails are moved longitudinally for this purpose, the cooperatmg locking members being adapted to interlock by the lateral movement of the rails and to draw the posts and rails toward each other and the ends of the rails into relatively close contact with the posts, and a panel having vertical side edges seated in the grooves of the posts and havin horizontal edges seated in grooves forme in the rails, the width of the panel being substantially equal to the length of the rails plus the depth of the grooves in the posts when the panel is assembled in the posts, so that such panel is clamped between the posts and the rails to substantially exclude the transmission of sound. a

2. A unit partition or wall structure comprising, in combination, a pair of posts having longitudinally extending grooves formed in their confronting faces, a pair of rails having grooves formed in their confronting edges, a panel having vertical side edges seated in the groovesof the posts and having horizonta edges seated in the grooves of the rails, the width of the panel being substantially equal .to the length of the rails plus the depth of the grooves in the posts when the panel is assembled in the posts, and cooperating locking members engageable by motion in two directions at an angle to each other and adapted when moved into interlocking engagement to draw the posts and the rails with the panel toward each other and into relatively close contact, the construction being such that the panel is tightly clamped between the posts and the rails to substantially exclude the transmission of sound.

3. A unit partition or wall structure comprising in combination a. pair of posts, a

pair of rails, connecting means at the ends terlockin means adapted to interlock by the said ateral movement of the rails toward the panel.

4. A unit partition or wall structure, comprising, in combination, corner posts formed of longitudinal strips connected together and having longitudinal grooves in their ad jacent faces, the bottoms of said grooves having slotted plates mounted therein, a base rail adapted to lie upon the floor and having hooks adapted to be received in certain of said plates for holding said base rail between said posts, said base rail having a roove in the upper face thereof, a mid-rail parallel with said base rail having grooves respectively in its lower and upper faces and having hooks engaging certain of said slotted plates of said posts, a cornice rail having a groove in its under side and having hooks at the endsthereof engaging others of the said slotted plates, and panels between said rails and said posts having their edges received in the said grooves of said rails and said posts.

5. A unit partition or wall structure, comprising, in combination, corner posts formed of longitudinal strips connected together and having longitudinal grooves in their adjacent faces, the bottoms of said grooves having slotted plates mounted therein, a base rail adapted to lie upon the floor and having hooks adapted to be received in certain of said plates for holding said base rail .between said posts, said base rail having a groove in the upper face thereof, a mid-rail parallel with said base rail having grooves respectively in its lower and upper faces and having hooks engaging certain of said slotted plates of said posts, a cornice rail having a groove in its under side and having hooks at the ends thereof engaging others of said slotted plates, and panels between said rails and said posts having their edges received in the said rooves of said rails and said posts, the ends of said rails having tongues fitting to said grooves of said posts.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

RAYBURN CLARK SMITH. Witnesses:

W. NELsoN L. WEST, FRED GREEN.

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2708292A (en) * 1951-11-14 1955-05-17 Globe Wernicke Co Modular office work space and partition structure
US2747236A (en) * 1952-09-30 1956-05-29 Aetna Steel Products Corp Work station fixtures
US2812991A (en) * 1953-05-13 1957-11-12 Art Steel Co Inc Knock-down office equipment
US2850771A (en) * 1955-04-22 1958-09-09 Bernard K G Wagner Prefabricated building construction
US2970677A (en) * 1955-12-09 1961-02-07 Gen Fireproofing Co Metallic partitioning devices
US3149187A (en) * 1961-01-09 1964-09-15 Walter L Wood Method of molding a wall structure
US5511348A (en) * 1990-02-14 1996-04-30 Steelcase Inc. Furniture system
US5852904A (en) * 1996-08-05 1998-12-29 Haworth, Inc. Panel arrangement
US6134844A (en) * 1990-02-14 2000-10-24 Steelcase Inc. Method and apparatus for displaying information
US6170200B1 (en) 1990-02-14 2001-01-09 Steelcase Development Inc. Furniture system
US20030136066A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2003-07-24 Akihiro Kishimoto Office forming equipment
US6711871B2 (en) 2000-05-03 2004-03-30 Herman Miller, Inc. Wall panel with off-module components

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2708292A (en) * 1951-11-14 1955-05-17 Globe Wernicke Co Modular office work space and partition structure
US2747236A (en) * 1952-09-30 1956-05-29 Aetna Steel Products Corp Work station fixtures
US2812991A (en) * 1953-05-13 1957-11-12 Art Steel Co Inc Knock-down office equipment
US2850771A (en) * 1955-04-22 1958-09-09 Bernard K G Wagner Prefabricated building construction
US2970677A (en) * 1955-12-09 1961-02-07 Gen Fireproofing Co Metallic partitioning devices
US3149187A (en) * 1961-01-09 1964-09-15 Walter L Wood Method of molding a wall structure
US6170200B1 (en) 1990-02-14 2001-01-09 Steelcase Development Inc. Furniture system
US5511348A (en) * 1990-02-14 1996-04-30 Steelcase Inc. Furniture system
US5724778A (en) * 1990-02-14 1998-03-10 Steelcase Inc. Furniture system
US6629386B1 (en) 1990-02-14 2003-10-07 Steelcase Development Corporation Furniture system
US6134844A (en) * 1990-02-14 2000-10-24 Steelcase Inc. Method and apparatus for displaying information
US6922949B2 (en) 1990-02-14 2005-08-02 Steelcase Development Corporation Furniture system
US5852904A (en) * 1996-08-05 1998-12-29 Haworth, Inc. Panel arrangement
US6658805B1 (en) 1996-08-05 2003-12-09 Haworth, Inc. Panel arrangement
US6161347A (en) * 1996-08-05 2000-12-19 Haworth, Inc. Panel arrangement
US6711871B2 (en) 2000-05-03 2004-03-30 Herman Miller, Inc. Wall panel with off-module components
US20030136066A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2003-07-24 Akihiro Kishimoto Office forming equipment
US6786014B2 (en) * 2001-03-30 2004-09-07 Kokuyo Co., Ltd. Office forming equipment

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