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Combination-brush.

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Publication number
US1142698A
US1142698A US1914830722A US1142698A US 1142698 A US1142698 A US 1142698A US 1914830722 A US1914830722 A US 1914830722A US 1142698 A US1142698 A US 1142698A
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Prior art keywords
brush
ends
teeth
end
back
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Expired - Lifetime
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Edwin W Grove
George P Crumbaugh
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Edwin W Grove
George P Crumbaugh
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B9/00Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
    • A46B9/005Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body where the brushing material is not made of bristles, e.g. sponge, rubber or paper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L1/00Cleaning windows
    • A47L1/06Hand implements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S15/00Brushing, scrubbing, and general cleaning
    • Y10S15/06Varied composition bristle

Description

E. W. GROVE & (S.v P. CRUMBAUGH.

COMBINATION BRUSH.

APPLICATION HLED APR.9. 1914.

1,142,698, Patented June 8, 1915.

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

EDWIN W. GROVE AND GEORGE P. CRUMBAUGH, 0F ST. LOUIS, MISSURI.

COMBINATION-BRUSH.

Specieation of Letters Patent.

Patented June 8, 1915.

To IZ/ 107mm it may concern:

Be it'known that we, EDWIN W. Gnovn and Grenen P. C nUMnAUGH, citizens of the United States, residingr at St. Louis city, State of Missouri, have invented new and useful Improvements in Combination-Brushes, of which the following is a specification.

The present invention has reference to combination brushes, and it proposes, brlefly, an improved device of the class or character stated, in which the active or working elements consist both of the usual yielding bristles and, in addition, of teeth of relatively hard material, so that 1n the use of the device a combined brushing and scraping action is produced which renders 1t particularly well adapted for treatment of the scalp, for cleaning dental plates and, 1n general, for all cases of a like character where the substance to be removed must first be loosened before it can be carried away by the bristles.

An embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is a part sectional side elevation of the improved brush; Fig. 2 is a View, partly in elevation and partly in section, showing the mounting of the bristle tufts and teeth; and Fig. 3 is a similar view of a modification.

In said drawing, 2 indicates generally thel bristle tufts, and 8 the teeth. The said tufts and teeth are secured to a back which may have any desired size and shape, and may be constructed of any preferredv material, and the bristle tufts and teeth which constitute the active elements of the brush and which are secured as hereinafter described, are positioned, alternately and at equidistant intervals, in parallel rows, located at any desired distance apart from one another and containing any suitable number of such elements. As a result of this arrangement, each bristle tuft, with the obvious exception of those at the ends of the rows, will be disposed between two teeth in both the longitudinal and the transverse row wherein it is located, and, conversely, each tooth will be similarly disposed between two bristle tufts.

The teeth themselves may be made of any suitable hard or relatively-hard material, as, for example, vulcanized rubber or fiber, Celluloid, horn, shell, wood, or even metal, and they are yieldably attached to the brush back. y The said brush back consists of a body part 1 and a face plate 8 secured adj astems or inner ends of thetufts of bristlesl fit in transverse openings 7 in the brush back, and are secured therein in any desired manner, the opening 7 being formed in the face plate 8.

The teeth are formed at their inner ends with enlargements or heads 4, which are embedded in soft-rubber cup-like bases 9, the latter being inserted through openings 12 in the face plate of said back and projecting at their outer ends 10 beneath or beyond the same. The inner ends 11 of these bases are ianged or headed and are seated in enlargements 13 of the openings 12. The headed ends of the teeth do not project sulficiently far 'into the bases to lie within the brush back, as will be understood from Figs. 1 and/and in consequence of this arrangement, the teeth are enabled to yield or flex with the base ends 10, like the bristles, when passing over an irregular surface. The same mounting, with. a slight change, is utilized in the construction shown in Fig. 3, but in this instance, both the bristles and the softrubber bases are strung upon wires 14, the latter extending across a seat or cavity 15 provided in the under face of the body part 1a of the brush back which is completed by a face plate 8a provided with openings for the said bristlesand soft rubber bases. The ends of the wires are anchored or otherwise secured in the end walls of the cavity 15.

It is to be observed that the points or lower ends of the teeth terminate coincidently with the free ends of the bristles, this arrangement offering the advantage that the contact of the bristle ends with the surface under treatment is assured, Iso that the said bristles are thus enabled to catch and remove adapted to move with said cup end during the flexion of the latter.

2. A brush having a back of rigid material which is formed with rows of transverse openings; a flexible rubber cup seated in each opening and projecting beyond the @3 maaee same at its outer end; and "a rigid .tooth iin testimony whereof We have hereunto i5 having a headed inner end embedded 1n the set our hands in presence of two subscribing projecting end of each cup and adapted to Wltnesses.

move with said oupend during the ieion EDWN W. GRVE. 5 of theAlaztexh h b k f GEORGE PVCEUMBAUGH 3. rus aving a ac o rigid material which is formed with rows of trans- Gv-ltlesses to Slgnatum of Edwm W verse openings, the alternate openings in r Ve N. HANNINGa each row having iezgibie rubber cups seated f 10 therein; a rigid tooth embedded at its inner GEO' A" RANDOLPH' end in the outer end of each' cup and adapted Witnesses to signature of George P. Crumto move with said cup end during its flexion; baugh:

and bristlev tufts secured in the remaining EDWIN W. GROVE, Jr.,

openings in said rows. Gno. A, RANDOLPH.

US1142698A 1914-04-09 1914-04-09 Combination-brush. Expired - Lifetime US1142698A (en)

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US1142698A US1142698A (en) 1914-04-09 1914-04-09 Combination-brush.

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US1142698A true US1142698A (en) 1915-06-08

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Cited By (68)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2486847A (en) * 1948-12-18 1949-11-01 William G Hokett Liquid applicator brush
US2781739A (en) * 1953-06-17 1957-02-19 Dick Marion Talbert Animal hair groomer
US3128487A (en) * 1962-02-19 1964-04-14 Valden Company Composite brush
US4114222A (en) * 1975-11-08 1978-09-19 Vladislaus Serediuk Hairbrush
US4305234A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-12-15 Flo-Pac Corporation Composite brush
USRE31745E (en) * 1980-02-04 1984-11-27 Flo-Pac Corporation Composite brush
US4756044A (en) * 1987-01-27 1988-07-12 Clark Gaylord J Tire brush
US4906126A (en) * 1987-02-05 1990-03-06 Sport Koter Usa, Inc. Resurfacing apparatus and process
US4917533A (en) * 1987-11-06 1990-04-17 Sport Koter U.S.A., Inc. Resurfacing apparatus and process
US5302051A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-04-12 Koter Industries, Inc. Applicator blade assembly for resurfacing apparatus
US6038794A (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-03-21 Kilander; Holger Combined broom and rake
US6041467A (en) * 1997-07-03 2000-03-28 Gillette Canada Inc. Toothbrush
US6571417B1 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-06-03 James Albert Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US6658688B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-12-09 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
US20040060136A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-04-01 Gatzemeyer John J. Power toothbrush and power source
US20040200016A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2004-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Electric toothbrushes
US20040255427A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-23 Gavney James A. Aquatic scrubber
US20040261207A1 (en) * 2002-11-09 2004-12-30 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US20050015901A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-01-27 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6859969B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-03-01 James A. Gavney, Jr. Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US20050049155A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-03-03 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6865767B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-03-15 James A. Gavney, Jr. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20050069372A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-03-31 Colgate-Palmolive Oral care implement
US20050102783A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-05-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20050166343A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-08-04 Gavney James A.Jr. Powered toothbrush with polishing elements
US20050273954A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-12-15 Gavney James A Jr Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US20060052806A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-03-09 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7047589B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-23 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US20060230563A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2006-10-19 Gavney James A Jr Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US20060236477A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-10-26 Gavney James A Jr Oral-care device and system
US7143462B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2006-12-05 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US20070143945A1 (en) * 2005-09-21 2007-06-28 Dipietro Dean Brush
US20070266507A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2007-11-22 Trisa Holding Ag Toothbrush and process for producing the same
US7354112B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2008-04-08 Trisa Holding Ag Toothbrush and process for producing such a toothbrush
US7434288B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2008-10-14 Gavney Jr James A Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7721376B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2010-05-25 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7725980B2 (en) 2004-12-15 2010-06-01 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7836539B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2010-11-23 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7841041B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2010-11-30 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7845042B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2010-12-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US20110000438A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2011-01-06 Delaval Holding Ab Brush for livestock animals, device comprising a brush of this type, and method for brushing livestock animals
US7908699B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2011-03-22 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7941886B2 (en) 2003-09-19 2011-05-17 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US7962991B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2011-06-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US7975344B2 (en) 2003-03-14 2011-07-12 The Gillette Company Toothbrush head
US7975343B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2011-07-12 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US8091170B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2012-01-10 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US8141194B2 (en) 2002-11-09 2012-03-27 Gavney Jr James A Absorbent structures with integrated contact elements
US8151397B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2012-04-10 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement having flexibly supported cleaning elements extending in opposite directions
US8201298B2 (en) 2007-02-09 2012-06-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush with low profile head
US8276231B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US8281448B2 (en) 2005-10-24 2012-10-09 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement having one or more moving sections
US8332982B2 (en) 2004-04-23 2012-12-18 The Gillette Company Vibrating toothbrush
US8393042B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-03-12 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US8523888B2 (en) 2006-12-18 2013-09-03 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
USRE44819E1 (en) 2000-03-16 2014-04-01 Procter & Gamble Business Services Canada Company Toothbrush
US8806695B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-08-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement having flexibly supported cleaning elements extending in opposite directions
USRE45141E1 (en) 2001-12-28 2014-09-23 Trisa Holding Ag Toothbrush and process for producing such a toothbrush
US8876221B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-11-04 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US20140331422A1 (en) * 2013-05-09 2014-11-13 HCT Group Holdings Limited Combination cosmetic applicator
US8899186B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2014-12-02 Orabrush, Inc. Oral care devices, methods, and compositions
US8990996B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2015-03-31 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
USD767903S1 (en) 2014-09-22 2016-10-04 HCT Group Holdings Limited Cosmetic brush
USD778069S1 (en) 2015-03-18 2017-02-07 HCT Group Holdings Limited Dual ended kabuki brush
USD779140S1 (en) 2014-10-23 2017-02-14 HCT Group Holdings Limited Brush cleansing mitt
USD787835S1 (en) 2015-03-18 2017-05-30 HCT Group Holdings Limited Multi-head dual end cosmetic applicator
US9801460B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2017-10-31 HCT Group Holdings Limited Retractable cosmetic implement with multiple positions
US9826824B2 (en) 2014-10-23 2017-11-28 HCT Group Holdings Limited Cosmetic brush cleaning aid

Cited By (139)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2486847A (en) * 1948-12-18 1949-11-01 William G Hokett Liquid applicator brush
US2781739A (en) * 1953-06-17 1957-02-19 Dick Marion Talbert Animal hair groomer
US3128487A (en) * 1962-02-19 1964-04-14 Valden Company Composite brush
US4114222A (en) * 1975-11-08 1978-09-19 Vladislaus Serediuk Hairbrush
US4305234A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-12-15 Flo-Pac Corporation Composite brush
USRE31745E (en) * 1980-02-04 1984-11-27 Flo-Pac Corporation Composite brush
US4756044A (en) * 1987-01-27 1988-07-12 Clark Gaylord J Tire brush
US4906126A (en) * 1987-02-05 1990-03-06 Sport Koter Usa, Inc. Resurfacing apparatus and process
US4917533A (en) * 1987-11-06 1990-04-17 Sport Koter U.S.A., Inc. Resurfacing apparatus and process
US5302051A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-04-12 Koter Industries, Inc. Applicator blade assembly for resurfacing apparatus
US6041467A (en) * 1997-07-03 2000-03-28 Gillette Canada Inc. Toothbrush
US6038794A (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-03-21 Kilander; Holger Combined broom and rake
US20040231082A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-25 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20030140440A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2003-07-31 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US7363675B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2008-04-29 Gavney Jr James A Squeegee device and system
US20040031115A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-02-19 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US8276231B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US6571417B1 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-06-03 James Albert Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040221409A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-11 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US6820299B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2004-11-23 James A. Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US7877833B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2011-02-01 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US7051394B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-30 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040231076A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-25 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040237236A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-02 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US20040255427A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-23 Gavney James A. Aquatic scrubber
US8276233B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US20050015901A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-01-27 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6859969B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-03-01 James A. Gavney, Jr. Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US20050049155A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-03-03 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US7975339B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2011-07-12 Gavney Jr James A Aquatic scrubber
US6944903B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-09-20 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US7562411B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2009-07-21 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US7814603B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2010-10-19 Gavney Jr James A Powered toothbrush with polishing elements
US7743448B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2010-06-29 Gavney Jr James A Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US7181799B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2007-02-27 Eegee, Llc Oral-care device and system
US20060236477A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-10-26 Gavney James A Jr Oral-care device and system
US20050166343A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-08-04 Gavney James A.Jr. Powered toothbrush with polishing elements
US7069615B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-07-04 Gavney Jr James A Squeegee device and system
US20050229339A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-10-20 Gavney James A Jr Oral-care device and system
US20050273954A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-12-15 Gavney James A Jr Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US20060021170A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-02-02 Gavney James A Jr Squeegee device and system
US6820300B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2004-11-23 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
US7047589B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-23 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US6658688B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-12-09 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
USRE44819E1 (en) 2000-03-16 2014-04-01 Procter & Gamble Business Services Canada Company Toothbrush
US6865767B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-03-15 James A. Gavney, Jr. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20050155172A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2005-07-21 Gavney James A.Jr. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US7434288B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2008-10-14 Gavney Jr James A Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7814604B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2010-10-19 Gavney Jr James A Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20050060826A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2005-03-24 Gavney James A. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20060230563A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2006-10-19 Gavney James A Jr Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7908699B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2011-03-22 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US8079110B2 (en) 2001-07-03 2011-12-20 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
USRE44346E1 (en) 2001-12-28 2013-07-09 Trisa Holding Ag Toothbrush and process for producing such a toothbrush
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