US1142510A - Fastening device. - Google Patents

Fastening device. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1142510A
US1142510A US87017414A US1914870174A US1142510A US 1142510 A US1142510 A US 1142510A US 87017414 A US87017414 A US 87017414A US 1914870174 A US1914870174 A US 1914870174A US 1142510 A US1142510 A US 1142510A
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United States
Prior art keywords
fastener
body
portion
fastening device
prongs
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US87017414A
Inventor
Lillian K Engle
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Lillian K Engle
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Priority to US87017414A priority Critical patent/US1142510A/en
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Publication of US1142510A publication Critical patent/US1142510A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41FGARMENT FASTENINGS; SUSPENDERS
    • A41F11/00Stocking or sock suspenders
    • A41F11/16Garters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/34Combined diverse multipart fasteners
    • Y10T24/3499Penetrating prong

Description

L. K. ENGLE.

FASTENING DEVICE.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4. 1914.

1,142,510. Patented June 8, 1915.

gig WITNESSES I INVENTOR /%W X i 7- ol a w. ra mdca THE NORRIS PETERS CO2, PHOm-LITHQ, WASHINGTON. D. C.

FASTENING DEvIcE.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, LILLIAN K. ENGLE, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Fastening Device, of which. the following is a specification.

My-invention consists ofa fastener or fastening device for detachably connecting parts of materials, such as garments, which fastener is secured to the material Without stitching or other extraneous fastening and can be attached or detached to and from the material without the use of any special tool or mechanism.

It further consists of other novel features of construction, all as will be hereinafter fully set forth.

The annexed drawing and the following description set forth in detail one mechanical form embodying the invention, such detail construction being but one of various mechanical forms in which the principle of the invention may be used.

In said drawingsFigure 1 represents a plan view of one member or form of my novel fastener.

fastener illustrated inFig. 7. Fig. 10 represents a section of the fastener illustrated in Fig. 8.

Similar numerals of, reference corresponding parts in the figures.

Referring to the drawings, the reference numeral lindicates a body-portion, which is illustrated as formed from a flat bar or plate of sheet-metal or similar sheet-mate-' indicate rial such being the preferred material.

Pointed prongs, 2, are formed at the ends of the body-portion and extend inward at bothedges of said portion, pointing toward each other and having narrow slits between their' inner side edges and the edges of the bodyportion. The bar or body-portion disclosed inFigs. '1, 3 and 4, is formed with a swell, 3, at its middle, raised above the level of the Specification of Letters Patent.

Fig.2 represents a plan view of the cooperating part .of the fas view. The fastener is preferably formed'from,

sheet-metal, cut out and shaped by'stamping or similar. process, and, on account of the: f'simplicity of'its shape,'the' fastener canbe' Patented. June 8, 1915.

Application filed. November 4, 1914. Serial No. 870,174.

ends of the body and of the prongs. The form illustratedin Figs. 2, 5 and 6, has a tongue projecting laterally from the middle of one edge of the body-portion, to form' a hook, 4, one limb of which has an'inward hump5.

STATES PATENT orrro.

LILLIANIL ENGLE, 0F PHILADELEHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

In Figs. 7 and 9, a clasp member, 6, is

shown as formed upon the face of the bodyportion, and in Figs. 8 and 1 0 is illustrated a tapering and flanged socket, 7, here shown in the middle 'of the body-portion, which socket can receive the clasp member 6 of the companion fastener to removably lock the parts together.

The prongs are inserted into the material to which the fastener is to be secured and the prongs penetrate the material, as seen in Fig. 3. 'The form of fastener, having the swell'in the body-portion is employed together with an opposite fastener having a hook, so that the latter can engage the swell and secure I the parts of the material to-' gether. 'The formof fasteners illustrated in Figs. 7 to 10is secured to the material in the same manner, as the previously described form, and the fasteners are detachably'connected as above described. The prongs projecting toward each other will secure the fastener against longitudinal movement and hold the same flatagai'nst the surface of the material, and the prongs, extending for the major portion of the entire length of the body-portion and forming the narrow slits between them and the edges of the bodyportion will clamp the fabric insuch slits,

and will prevent transverse 'movement of the fastener upon the surface of the fabric.

The prongs are substantially in the sameplane as the ends of the body, withtheir pointed ends suitably extending, if desired,

slightly below the body, or angularly, for ease of insertion into the material, wherebyv the fastener can be quickly and easily secured to the material and without any use of needle and thread or other tools or extra neous means. r

The fasteners occupy comparatively small space and admit of being secured within folds or ruffles of a garment to be out of made at very small-expense and in great quantities in comparatively short space of time. The body-portion can be shaped with varying forms of detachably interlocking fastening means, two forms being here disclosed. I

Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed. for the mode herein explained. Change may therefore be made as regards the features thus disclosed, provided the principles of construction set forth, respectively, in the following claim are employed.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

A fastening device, comprising a rigid body portion having a pair of integral prongs extending from each end thereof and longitudinally of the body portion and substantially in the same plane, the ends of the pairs of prongs pointing toward each other, said prongs being separated from the body portion with their inner edges substantially parallel with the edges of the body to form narrow slits in which the material is seated and gripped.

LILLIAN K. ENGLE.

lVitnesses C. D. MoVAY, M. E. BYRNE.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Iatents. Washington, I). O.

US87017414A 1914-11-04 1914-11-04 Fastening device. Expired - Lifetime US1142510A (en)

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US87017414A US1142510A (en) 1914-11-04 1914-11-04 Fastening device.

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US87017414A US1142510A (en) 1914-11-04 1914-11-04 Fastening device.

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5342376A (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-08-30 Dermagraphics, Inc. Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US5478354A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-12-26 United States Surgical Corporation Wound closing apparatus and method
US6241747B1 (en) 1993-05-03 2001-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US6599310B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2003-07-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US20040030354A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 Leung Jeffrey C. Suture anchor and method
US20040088003A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-05-06 Leung Jeffrey C. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US20040226427A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Michael Trull Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US20040237736A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-12-02 Genova Perry A. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US20060111734A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-05-25 Andrew Kaplan Suture method
US20100298871A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop
US8118834B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2012-02-21 Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8216273B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2012-07-10 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8615856B1 (en) 2008-01-30 2013-12-31 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8641732B1 (en) 2008-02-26 2014-02-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8734485B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8771313B2 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-07-08 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8777987B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8793863B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US8875607B2 (en) 2008-01-30 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8876865B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers
US8916077B1 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material
US8932328B2 (en) 2008-11-03 2015-01-13 Ethicon, Inc. Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US8961560B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2015-02-24 Ethicon, Inc. Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods
USRE45426E1 (en) 1997-05-21 2015-03-17 Ethicon, Inc. Surgical methods using one-way suture
US9125647B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2015-09-08 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures
US9248580B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2016-02-02 Ethicon, Inc. Barb configurations for barbed sutures
US9675341B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-06-13 Ethicon Inc. Emergency self-retaining sutures and packaging
US9955962B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2018-05-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture delivery tools for endoscopic and robot-assisted surgery and methods
US10188384B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2019-01-29 Ethicon, Inc. Methods and devices for soft palate tissue elevation procedures
US10420546B2 (en) 2010-05-04 2019-09-24 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining systems having laser-cut retainers

Cited By (71)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5342376A (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-08-30 Dermagraphics, Inc. Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US20100298867A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Tissue connector with tissue grasping protrusions equally spaced about the periphery of the connector at successive axial locations
US6241747B1 (en) 1993-05-03 2001-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US7806908B2 (en) 1993-05-03 2010-10-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed tissue connector
US20080221617A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2008-09-11 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed tissue connector
US20070208355A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2007-09-06 Ruff Gregory L Barbed tissue connector
US8246652B2 (en) 1993-05-03 2012-08-21 Ethicon, Inc. Suture with a pointed end and an anchor end and with equally spaced yieldable tissue grasping barbs located at successive axial locations
US5478354A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-12-26 United States Surgical Corporation Wound closing apparatus and method
USRE45426E1 (en) 1997-05-21 2015-03-17 Ethicon, Inc. Surgical methods using one-way suture
US8764776B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-01 Ethicon, Inc. Anastomosis method using self-retaining sutures
US8777989B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Subcutaneous sinusoidal wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US7056331B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2006-06-06 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US8764796B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture method
US20070208377A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2007-09-06 Andrew Kaplan Suture Method
US7857829B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2010-12-28 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US20060111742A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-05-25 Andrew Kaplan Suture method
US8777988B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Methods for using self-retaining sutures in endoscopic procedures
US6599310B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2003-07-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US8747437B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-06-10 Ethicon, Inc. Continuous stitch wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US20060111734A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-05-25 Andrew Kaplan Suture method
US8926659B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2015-01-06 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed suture created having barbs defined by variable-angle cut
US7913365B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-03-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7996967B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. System for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US7996968B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. Automated method for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US8011072B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-06 Quill Medical, Inc. Method for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8015678B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-13 Quill Medical, Inc. Method for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8020263B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-20 Quill Medical, Inc. Automated system for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US20070187861A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2007-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of Forming Barbs on a Suture and Apparatus for Performing Same
US8028387B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-10-04 Quill Medical, Inc. System for supporting and cutting suture thread to create tissue retainers thereon
US7225512B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2007-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US20040237736A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-12-02 Genova Perry A. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US8028388B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-10-04 Quill Medical, Inc. System for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US20040030354A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 Leung Jeffrey C. Suture anchor and method
US8083770B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2011-12-27 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture anchor and method
US8652170B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-02-18 Ethicon, Inc. Double ended barbed suture with an intermediate body
US8679158B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-03-25 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8690914B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-04-08 Ethicon, Inc. Suture with an intermediate barbed body
US8734486B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US9248580B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2016-02-02 Ethicon, Inc. Barb configurations for barbed sutures
US8852232B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-10-07 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8721681B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-13 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US8821540B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-09-02 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8734485B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8795332B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed sutures
US20040088003A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-05-06 Leung Jeffrey C. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US20040226427A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Michael Trull Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US8032996B2 (en) 2003-05-13 2011-10-11 Quill Medical, Inc. Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US7624487B2 (en) 2003-05-13 2009-12-01 Quill Medical, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming barbs on a suture
US8721664B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2014-05-13 Ethicon, Inc. Suture methods and devices
US20100298871A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop
US8793863B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US8915943B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining systems for surgical procedures
US8777987B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US9498893B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2016-11-22 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8916077B1 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material
US8771313B2 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-07-08 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8118834B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2012-02-21 Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US9044225B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2015-06-02 Ethicon, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8615856B1 (en) 2008-01-30 2013-12-31 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8875607B2 (en) 2008-01-30 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US9125647B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2015-09-08 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures
US8216273B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2012-07-10 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8641732B1 (en) 2008-02-26 2014-02-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8876865B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers
US8961560B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2015-02-24 Ethicon, Inc. Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods
US8932328B2 (en) 2008-11-03 2015-01-13 Ethicon, Inc. Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US10441270B2 (en) 2008-11-03 2019-10-15 Ethicon, Inc. Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US10420546B2 (en) 2010-05-04 2019-09-24 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining systems having laser-cut retainers
US9955962B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2018-05-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture delivery tools for endoscopic and robot-assisted surgery and methods
US9675341B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-06-13 Ethicon Inc. Emergency self-retaining sutures and packaging
US10188384B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2019-01-29 Ethicon, Inc. Methods and devices for soft palate tissue elevation procedures

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