US1133254A - Crate-lock. - Google Patents

Crate-lock. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1133254A
US1133254A US1912711642A US1133254A US 1133254 A US1133254 A US 1133254A US 1912711642 A US1912711642 A US 1912711642A US 1133254 A US1133254 A US 1133254A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
bolt
keeper
lock
latch bolt
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Henry N Backus
Original Assignee
Henry N Backus
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henry N Backus filed Critical Henry N Backus
Priority to US1912711642 priority Critical patent/US1133254A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1133254A publication Critical patent/US1133254A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C3/00Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively
    • E05C3/12Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action
    • E05C3/16Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch
    • E05C3/22Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the bolt being spring controlled
    • E05C3/30Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the bolt being spring controlled in the form of a hook
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/37Push button operators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/78Window-bead fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0926Spring projected
    • Y10T292/0928Operating means
    • Y10T292/0933Push or pull rod
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/175Bolt releasers
    • Y10T292/18Free-end-engaging means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/42Rigid engaging means
    • Y10T292/444Swinging catch

Description

H. N. BAGKUS.

CRATE LOOK.

APPLIOATION FILED JULY 26, 1912.

Patented Mar, 30, 1915.

lNl/E/VTOR HENRY Al. Bncnus.

WITNESSES:

A TTOB/VEV THE NORRIS PETERS C0 PUOTO LITHO,. WASHINGTON. D C

l t a i HENRY N. BACKUS, 0F DETROIT, MICIEIGAN.

CRATE-LOCK.

Application filed July 26, 1912.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HENRY N. BAGKUS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Detroit, in the county of vVayne, State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Crate-Locks; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates to automatic locks for use upon shipping crates or packages, and consists in the construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully set forth and pointed out particularly in the claims.

The object of the invention is to provide an automatic lock of strong and secure con struction adapted for use where it is desired to hold the cover firmly closed upon shipping and packing packages of whatever character, and wherein a key, in the ordinary sense of the word, is not required in order to unlock the cover. The above object is attained by the structure illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in perspective, of a portion of the cover and body of a crate, showing the cover closed and locked, and the lock sealed. Fig. 2 is an enlarged central, vertical section through the lock. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the parts of the lock disengaged, as when unlocked. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the springactuated latch bolt. Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the keeper plate and parts carried thereon. Fig. 6 is a top plan of Fig. 5 showing the latch bolt in position.

Referring to the characters of reference, 1 designates a plate upon which is mounted the keeper 2, having a rounded upper portion with an annular aperture 3 passing vertically therethrough, the upper end of said aperture being flaring, as shown at 4:. The lower portion of the keeper is divided into two laterally projecting sides 5 between which the latch bolt (3 is pivoted upon the transverse pin 7 passing through said sides and through said bolt interposed between them. Coiled around said pin between the sides of the keeper and the latch bolt is a spring 8 having a loop 9 which engages the outer edge of said bolt and whose tension Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 3Q, 1915.

Serial No. 711,642.

is normally exerted to throw the beveled hooked end 10 thereof inwardly, the upper end of said bolt lying in a slot 27 which conimunicates with the annular opening 3 in the keeper into which the hook 10 projects, said slot holding the latch bolt against lateral movement. The spring 8 is provided with the feet portions 11 which engage the keeper plate 1 at the base thereof and prevent the turning of the coils of the spring8 upon the pin 7, thereby imparting the desired spring tension to the loop 9.

The keeper plate is adapted to be secured to the inner face of the front wall 12 of the crate or boX and is provided with an outwardly extending lip 13 which is let into the upper edge of said front portion to bring it flush with the top thereof, there being through said lip near its'extreme outer edge an aperture 14: for purposes hereinafter stated. The complementary portion of the lock consists of the rounded bolt 15 adapted to enter the keeper and having a shoulder 16 which is engaged by the hook 10 of the latch bolt 6, said bolt 15 depending centrally from a plate 17 which is secured to the under face of the cover 18 and through the outer edge of which is formed an aperture 19, which, when the cover is closed, registers with the aperture 14 in the lip 13 of the keeper, as clearly shown in Fig. 3, thereby enabling a wire loop, or other fastening device 20 (see Fig. 1) to be passed through said apertures and the lock secured by a seal 21.

The parts are so positioned that when the cover is closed, the rounded bolt 15 enters the flaring opening of the keeper and is directed into the annular opening 3 therein, the end of said bolt striking the beveled face 22 of the latch bolt 6 and springing said latch bolt outwardly until the hook 10 shall have passed the shoulder 16 on the lock bolt, when said latch bolt will spring inwardly, causing the hook 10 to engage over the shoulder 16 and automatically lock the cover in the closed position. To disengage the latch bolt from the lock bolt to enable the cover to be opened, an opening 23 is formed through the front of the boX in alinement with the opening 2 1 in the keeper plate 1, which last-mentioned opening registers with the disk 25 mounted upon the inner edge of the latch bolt 6. By inserting a small stick or pin 26 or other suitable instrument through the openings 23 and 24: and pressing against the disk 25, the latch bolt may be sprung inward and disengaged from the lock bolt, asshown by dotted lines in Fig. 3, to allow the cover to be opened. Because of the flaring entrance 4 into" the opening 3 of the keeper, and of the rounded end of the lock bolt, said plate is always directed properly into the keeper when the cover is closed, even though said bolt may not always be directed centrally into the keeper opening, insuring an automatic locking of the crate or package upon the closing of the cover. It will also be, evident that by reason of the fact that the lock bolt fits snugly within the rounded opening 3 of the keeper, when the latch is in engagement therewith, the unlockingof said parts cannot be accidentally effected as the latch bolt can only be disengaged by a strong inward pressure against the disk 25.

Having thus fully set forth my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is r 1. A look comprising a keeper consisting of a plate having a barrel-like formation at the upper end thereof provided with an aperture therethrough having a flaring opening, said keeper also having projecting sides below said barrel-like formation, a spring-actuated latch bolt pivoted between said sides, said keeper plate having an opening therethrough in line with said latch bolt for the insertion of an actuating instrument to disengage the latch, and a lock bolt provided with a rounded end and a square shoulder adapted to enter the flaring opening of the keeper and automatically engage the latch bolt.

, 2. A look comprising a keeper having an aperture for the reception of a lock bolt provided with a flaring opening and having a vertical slot communicating with said aperture, a spring-actuated latch bolt pivoted in the keeper, the upper end of said bolt lying in said slot and projecting therethrough into said aperture, and a lock bolt plate having a bolt rigidly mounted thereon adapted to enter the flaring opening of the keeper and to engage said latch bolt.

In testimony whereof, I sign this specification in the presence of two witnesses.

HENRY N. BACKUS.

Witnesses E. S. WHEELER, M. E. BROESAMLE.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

' Washington, D. C."

US1912711642 1912-07-26 1912-07-26 Crate-lock. Expired - Lifetime US1133254A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1912711642 US1133254A (en) 1912-07-26 1912-07-26 Crate-lock.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1912711642 US1133254A (en) 1912-07-26 1912-07-26 Crate-lock.

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Publication Number Publication Date
US1133254A true US1133254A (en) 1915-03-30

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US1912711642 Expired - Lifetime US1133254A (en) 1912-07-26 1912-07-26 Crate-lock.

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470226A (en) * 1945-02-28 1949-05-17 Hamilton Watch Co Cap-securing means
US2510420A (en) * 1945-06-11 1950-06-06 Leland S Ross Juice extracting machine having combined rotary cutter and discharge means
US2589776A (en) * 1948-06-28 1952-03-18 Colgrove Tackle Co Inc Fishing reel
US2645351A (en) * 1947-11-20 1953-07-14 Isreal J London Towel grip
US2669494A (en) * 1948-07-27 1954-02-16 Sr Harry E Lenz Latch for folding tables
US2722821A (en) * 1950-08-10 1955-11-08 Alkaline Batteries Ltd Magnetically operated locking devices
US2803956A (en) * 1954-06-04 1957-08-27 David R Womer Lock and latch device
US2813569A (en) * 1953-06-08 1957-11-19 Nelson Brothers Inc Can crushing machine
US2833445A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-05-06 Walter A Spiers Dispenser for powdered soap and the like
US2951532A (en) * 1957-06-21 1960-09-06 Thonet Geb Ag Upholstered chair
US3215262A (en) * 1963-12-27 1965-11-02 Nicholas B Fernandez Lock
US3858920A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-01-07 Monocab Inc Vehicle door positioning and locking assembly
US3880072A (en) * 1969-09-08 1975-04-29 Thomas E Ord Combination container and material compacting apparatus
US4452500A (en) * 1982-04-07 1984-06-05 Zlotnik Arnold H Tamper-resistant deodorant cabinet
US4637642A (en) * 1983-12-16 1987-01-20 The Boeing Company Stowage bin latch assembly
US20030070596A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2003-04-17 Riach Jeffrey M. Table closure mechanism
US20050011047A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2005-01-20 First International Computer Inc. Locking device of a casing
US20050087993A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Tzu-Wei Lin Two-way hidden latch and apparatus utilizing the same
US20050096583A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette with spiking assembly
US20050095576A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, device, and method for mixing a substance with a liquid
US20050095153A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette bank
WO2006126985A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-11-30 Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Latch assembly and arrangement including a latch assembly
US20070290512A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-20 Chien-Ming Fan Hooking device
US20080023968A1 (en) * 2006-07-25 2008-01-31 Oreck Holdings, Llc Door safety latch for an air cleaner
US20110100074A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Master Lock Company Llc Safe with dual locking mechanism
US20180320415A1 (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-11-08 Yao-Kun Yang Fence gate latch assembly
US10294450B2 (en) 2015-10-09 2019-05-21 Deka Products Limited Partnership Fluid pumping and bioreactor system

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470226A (en) * 1945-02-28 1949-05-17 Hamilton Watch Co Cap-securing means
US2510420A (en) * 1945-06-11 1950-06-06 Leland S Ross Juice extracting machine having combined rotary cutter and discharge means
US2645351A (en) * 1947-11-20 1953-07-14 Isreal J London Towel grip
US2589776A (en) * 1948-06-28 1952-03-18 Colgrove Tackle Co Inc Fishing reel
US2669494A (en) * 1948-07-27 1954-02-16 Sr Harry E Lenz Latch for folding tables
US2722821A (en) * 1950-08-10 1955-11-08 Alkaline Batteries Ltd Magnetically operated locking devices
US2813569A (en) * 1953-06-08 1957-11-19 Nelson Brothers Inc Can crushing machine
US2833445A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-05-06 Walter A Spiers Dispenser for powdered soap and the like
US2803956A (en) * 1954-06-04 1957-08-27 David R Womer Lock and latch device
US2951532A (en) * 1957-06-21 1960-09-06 Thonet Geb Ag Upholstered chair
US3215262A (en) * 1963-12-27 1965-11-02 Nicholas B Fernandez Lock
US3880072A (en) * 1969-09-08 1975-04-29 Thomas E Ord Combination container and material compacting apparatus
US3858920A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-01-07 Monocab Inc Vehicle door positioning and locking assembly
US4452500A (en) * 1982-04-07 1984-06-05 Zlotnik Arnold H Tamper-resistant deodorant cabinet
US4637642A (en) * 1983-12-16 1987-01-20 The Boeing Company Stowage bin latch assembly
US20030070596A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2003-04-17 Riach Jeffrey M. Table closure mechanism
US7472656B2 (en) * 2001-08-10 2009-01-06 Oakworks, Inc. Table closure mechanism
US20050011047A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2005-01-20 First International Computer Inc. Locking device of a casing
US7097218B2 (en) * 2003-07-18 2006-08-29 First International Computer Inc. Locking device of a casing
US20050087993A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Tzu-Wei Lin Two-way hidden latch and apparatus utilizing the same
US7261331B2 (en) * 2003-10-24 2007-08-28 Asustek Computer Inc. Two-way hidden latch and apparatus utilizing the same
US7632080B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2009-12-15 Deka Products Limited Partnership Bezel assembly for pneumatic control
US20050095152A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Door locking mechanism
US20050094485A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, device, and method for mixing liquids
US20050095141A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership System and method for pumping fluid using a pump cassette
US20050095153A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette bank
US8158102B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2012-04-17 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, device, and method for mixing a substance with a liquid
US20050095576A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, device, and method for mixing a substance with a liquid
US7959196B2 (en) * 2003-10-30 2011-06-14 Deka Products Limited Partnership Door locking mechanism
US7632078B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2009-12-15 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette bank
US7354190B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2008-04-08 Deka Products Limited Partnership Two-stage mixing system, apparatus, and method
US7662139B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2010-02-16 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette with spiking assembly
US7461968B2 (en) 2003-10-30 2008-12-09 Deka Products Limited Partnership System, device, and method for mixing liquids
US20050096583A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Pump cassette with spiking assembly
US20090115199A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2009-05-07 Deka Products Limited Partnership Door Locking Mechanism
US20050094483A1 (en) * 2003-10-30 2005-05-05 Deka Products Limited Partnership Two-stage mixing system, apparatus, and method
WO2006126985A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-11-30 Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Latch assembly and arrangement including a latch assembly
US20080224480A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2008-09-18 Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Latch Assembly and Arrangement Including a Latch Assembly
US7959194B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-06-14 Volvo Group North America, Llc Latch assembly and arrangement including a latch assembly
US20070290512A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-20 Chien-Ming Fan Hooking device
US7644963B2 (en) * 2006-06-02 2010-01-12 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Hooking device
US7669901B2 (en) * 2006-07-25 2010-03-02 Oreck Holdings, Llc Door safety latch for an air cleaner
US20080023968A1 (en) * 2006-07-25 2008-01-31 Oreck Holdings, Llc Door safety latch for an air cleaner
US20110100074A1 (en) * 2009-11-02 2011-05-05 Master Lock Company Llc Safe with dual locking mechanism
US8695385B2 (en) * 2009-11-02 2014-04-15 Master Lock Company Llc Safe with dual locking mechanism
US10808218B2 (en) 2015-10-09 2020-10-20 Deka Products Limited Partnership Fluid pumping and bioreactor system
US10294450B2 (en) 2015-10-09 2019-05-21 Deka Products Limited Partnership Fluid pumping and bioreactor system
US20180320415A1 (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-11-08 Yao-Kun Yang Fence gate latch assembly

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