US112779A - Improvement in pneumatic telegraphs - Google Patents

Improvement in pneumatic telegraphs Download PDF

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US112779A
US112779A US112779DA US112779A US 112779 A US112779 A US 112779A US 112779D A US112779D A US 112779DA US 112779 A US112779 A US 112779A
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wheel
pneumatic
telegraphs
improvement
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41LAPPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR MANIFOLDING, DUPLICATING, OR PRINTING FOR OFFICE OR OTHER COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; ADDRESSING MACHINES OR LIKE SERIES-PRINTING MACHINES
    • B41L19/00Duplicating or printing apparatus or machines for office or other commercial purposes, of special types or for particular purposes and not otherwise provided for

Description

3' Sheets-Sheet 1.

CALAHAN & FIELD.

Pneumatic Telegraph. No. 112,779. Patented Mar. '21. 1871.

. 3 Shmats-Sheetv 2.

CALAHAN & FIELD. Pneumatic Telegraph.

Patented Mar. 21, 1871.

, WWW

N-FETERS. FHOTO-LITHDGRAPHER, WASHINGTON. I)v C,

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

CALAHAVN & FIELD.

PneumatiC Telegraph. No. 112,779. Patented Mar; 21. 1871.

can %tite2i EDWARD A. CALAHAN, OF BROOKLYN, AND GEORGE B. FIELD,

OF NEW YORK, Y.

Letters Patent No. 112,779, dated March 21. 1871.

IMPROVEMENT IN PNEUMATIC TELEGRAPHS.

The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, EDWARD A. OALAHAN, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings, and State of New York, and GEOBGE B. FIELD, of the city and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in Telegraphs; and the following is declared to be a correct description of the same.

This invention is adaptedjto short "distances, especially in cities, for denoting the rise and fall of gold or stocks, or for communicating other items of intelligence from one central station to two or more distant points within the range of the capacityof the apparatus.

We make use of an air-tube extending from one station to the next, and the, message is communicated by alternate compression and exhaustion of the air or gas in such pipe acting at the distant station upon a type-wheel to set the same to the letter or character to be indicated or printed.

In the drawing- Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section of the transmitting apparatus Figure 2 is an elevation and partial section of the receiving instrument; and

' Figure 3 is an elevation of said receiving instrument at right angles to fig. 2. The bed is represented in section.

We make use of an air-pump that is operated by suitable mechanism to exhaust a receiver of capacity adapted tothe length of line, and a second receiver of proper capacity to contain air pumped by the same or any suitable pump into such receiver.

The pipe a is to be connected with the vacuum-receiver and the pipe b with the pressure-receiver.

The valves 0 and d are of suitable character to open and close the communications between the tubes to or b and the tube 0 that is connected with the tube passing to the distant station.

We have shown the valves 0 alas cup-shaped pistonvalves within cylinders f g, and the valves 0 d are provided with rods or stems c d to the rocking-lever h on the fulcrum i.

This lever 7a is reciprocated to open the valve 0 after the valve (l is closed, and the reverse.

To give this movement to the: lever 72- the same may be acted upon by an eccentric, 0, upon ashaft, It, said eccentric acting in a slot in the lever h, or by a connection to the same, and wedge'acting pallets and a wheel turned by a crank might be substituted, so as to give to the lever h a rocking movement and open and close the valves 0 d alternately as such wheel is revolved.

wheel 1).

those of the type-wheel, and'this index is to be moved progressively with each vibration of the. lever h by any suit-able means.

The receiving-instrument is provided with a cylinder, at, and piston, n,-that acts upon the escapement-pal lets s s, and give a step-by-step movement to the type- This type or character-wheel is provided with any desired letters, figures, or characters, and the divisions or spaces are of any number, but should correspond with those of the dial at the transmitting-station.

It will now be understood that the shaft 70 is to he turned by a crauk'or other convenient means, and operates to send a pulsation of compressed air through the tube e to the distant station, and follow thesame with a vacuum or exhaustion, to clear the tube of atmosphere, and produce, by the alternations, a rise and fall of the piston m, and consequent motion of the type-wheel at the distant station.

The parts may be so proportioned that the pressure of atmosphere shall, by the mechanism, move the type-wheel one character, and then the exhaust shall move it another character.

The instrument at the receiving-station may have an indicating-dial and a hahd on the shaft of the wheel 10.

"At the receiving-station the mechanism connected, with the type-wheel may be of any character similar to that employed in a printing-telegraph, for inking the types and feeding the paper along.

I have shown the lever t,for printing, and the roller *r r, for drawing the paper along, similar to those employed in printing-telegraphs.

The impression is to be given by the pressure of atmospheric air or gas, or the exhaust action.

. I have shown the cylinder at as connected to a sec ond main air-tube, and valves and a key are to be moved after the type-wheel has been set, so to give the impression by atmospheric pressure and relieve it by exhaust action.

( The second cylinder might be fitted so that the exhaust may act to move the impression-pad, saidcylinder being connected to the main line by a small hole passing through the piston n and cylinder. In this case there must be a sufficient pause to give the necessary time for the vacuum to act in the cylinder that gives the impression.

' In cases where the line is of considerable length thepulsations of air may be made to operate a relayinstrument, the valves of which allow theair to act from a second exhaust and compressiou-reservoir to the distant station. V

\Vhat we claim as our invention, is- 1. The mode herein specified of operatiug'a printing-telegraph instrument by alternate compression and exhaust pulsations of air or gas, substantially as set forth.

2; The valves 0 d, operated alternately by a rockiug -lever, combined with the pressure and exhaustpipes and. the tube connecting to the distant instrument, substantially as set forth.

3. The cylinder m, piston n, and es'capement s, for

ans.

moving the type-wheel p by the alternate pressure and exhaust pulsations, substantially as specified.

Signed by us this 7th day of J one, 1870.

EDWD. A. OALAHAN. GEO. BFIELD. Witnesses:

OHAs. H. Smcnn,

' GEO. D. WALKER.

US112779A Improvement in pneumatic telegraphs Expired - Lifetime US112779A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020173090A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-11-21 Seiko Epson Corporation Semiconductor integrated device and electronic equipment
US20080057528A1 (en) * 2006-08-30 2008-03-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Detection of hydrogen peroxide released by enzyme-catalyzed oxidation of an analyte

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020173090A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-11-21 Seiko Epson Corporation Semiconductor integrated device and electronic equipment
US20080057528A1 (en) * 2006-08-30 2008-03-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Detection of hydrogen peroxide released by enzyme-catalyzed oxidation of an analyte

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