US112505A - Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms - Google Patents

Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms Download PDF


Publication number
US112505A US112505DA US112505A US 112505 A US112505 A US 112505A US 112505D A US112505D A US 112505DA US 112505 A US112505 A US 112505A
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US112505A publication Critical patent/US112505A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current




    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/02Block action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being transverse to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/04Block action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being transverse to the barrel axis with pivoting breech-block


Breech Loading Fire Arm. No, 112,505. Patented 1171111 011 7, 1871.
Letters Patent No. 112,505, dated March 7, 1871.
The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we',-DEXTER SMITH and MARTIN J. GHAMBERLIN, both of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have'invented a new and useful Improvement in- Breech-loading Fire-Arms; and-we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being bad to the accompanying drawing making a part of this specification and 11) the letters of reference marked thereon, in which-- Figure l is a side view of a fire-arm made according to our invention, with the lock-plateremovedf' Figure 2 is a similar side view, but with the lockplate in place, and with the thumb-piece or lever attached, by means of which the breech-block is operated.
Figure 3 is a side view of the breech-block, showing 1tfiie method of securing the oscillating bolt in the ock.
Figure 4 is a plan view of the lower side of the breech-block, showing theconnection of the oscillating bolt with its spring, and also showing the frictionspring attached to thebreech-block;
Figure 5 is an enlarged front view of the oscillating.
bolt; and 1 Figure 6 is a side view of the same, showing I116 operation of the-spring and the cam upon said bolt} Our invention relates to that class of. breech-loading fire-arms wherein a breech-block is used which swings within the frame in a longitudinal and vertical direction; and I It consists in the construction of said arm, whereby the breech-block is securely locked when brought up into place behind the bore of the barrel, after the cartridge-has been placed in the gun, so that in case the cartridge is prematurelyexploded after the breechblock has been brought forward into place, but before the hammer has been thrown forward, there will be no danger at the breech of the gun from such explosion as the breech-block will remain securely locked in i splace until it is moved by the operator to withdraw the shell.
That others skilled in the art may be able to make and use our invention, we will proceed to describe its construction and'operation.
In the drawing- A represents the breech of the barrel;
A B, the stock;
B, the'lock-frame; and
H, the lock-plate.
D represents the breech-block, and the oscillating bolt is shown more fully in figs. 5 and 6, in which an is a cylindrical part upon the top, by which the'bolt is suspended in a correspondingly=formed recess, m, made in the lower side of the breech-block, shown in part of the bolt, which projection has a point at the lower end, which may be slightly rounded, ifdesirable, to make it more noiseless in its operation, and the breech-block is cut away justat the entrance of the cylindrical recess in, upon the lower side of the block,
so that the bolt a may swing to and fro longitudinally with the gun. 1
A spring, 11, isattached to the lower side of the block, and the free end of said spring is bent at a somewhat sharp angle, as shown fully at x, in fig. 6.
A shoulder, a, is made in the lock-frame, beneath the breech-block, and a. projection, l), is made in the "bottom of the recess, in which the breech-block swings.
The spring h. is secured to the lower-side of the breech-block, the fre'e end of said spring being slightly curved, and made to impinge against the lock-framebeneath the rear end of the barrel for the purpose of holding the breech-block iu any desired posit-ion when swung partially back.
One of the pivots upon which thebreech-block swings is made prismatic in form at the extreme end,
as shown in fig. l, at s, and a threaded hole, as, is made in the end of said pivot.
A lover, 0, having a hole in one end to fit well the prismatic end 8 of said pivot, is placed thereon, and
secured in place by a screw, 2:, the lock-plate H, however, being first put in' place before the. levercis placed upon the pivot-s, and the other end of said lever chas a projection thereon at a, by means of which the said lever may be the more readily operated or rotated bythe-thumb or finger.
The operation of our'invention is as follows:
If the breech-block is up in place at the rear of the barrel and the hammer is at full cock, as shown in fig. 1, if the trigger is pulled to let off the hammer, the upper part of the trigger, as it moves forward from under the hammer, forces the bolt a forward from off the shoulder a throwing said bolt into the; position shown in dotted-lines at a", in fig. 1.
When in this position the point of the projection 13 bears upon that side of the angle x of the spring (I, which is longest or nearest the point of attachment, as shown in fig. 6. This pro ection i, I denominate a cam, and the spring in this position serves to retain the belt a in this same relative position with the breech-block, which moves downward and forward until the bolt, in its forward movement, impinges, upon its upper side, against the projection b.
Then this occurs, the said bolt is forced downward, striking against the side 0 of the recess,-and the point of the cam '5 passes tothe other side oi" the apex or angle x of the spring, and the bolt is held against the curved side 0 by this actionof the short bent 'end of said spring upon the cam 1 until the breech bloclc'ds brought up to itsplace at the rear of the barrel, when the bolt n is forced into its place over the shoulder 11- by this action of the spring, where it.'is held until forced out again by the trigger.-
Instead of throwing the bolt forward by the upper part of the trigger, as thus described, that part of the trigger which bears against the bolt to throw it forward might be cutaway, and .a projection made upon the lower part of the hammer, in front, so that the hammer would throw i the bolt forwardwhen it'was let off by the trigger and moved fin'ward.
It will be seen that although the breech-block D is locked by the bolt a as'soou as said block is brought up to its position behind'the barrel, yet it is immediately thrown out again, or unlocked, by throwing the upper part of the trigger forward'to let thehammer down; but thehpper part of the trigger passes forward beneath the breech-block, and looks it at the same time the bolt 71 is thrown forward. This method ot'locking the block by the trigger, however, was the subject-matter of another invention, for which Letters Patent have already been granted to Martin .J. Oham berlin, and is not therefore included in this application, and fonns no part of this invention, the locking device herein described relating wholly to the plan of locking the breech-block during the operation of loading the arm, and until after the cartridge has been introduced into the. barrel and the breech-block .brought up to its place; as persons have'been'serionsly injured by quickly throwing up the breech-block after the cartridge was inserted, as the firing-pin, just protruding through the block, was sufficient to explode the cartridge by striking it when the block was brought up suddenly.
Thebreech-block is swung or rotated upon its piv-' ots or bearings by pressing down .uponthe thumbtru nnions or pivots shall rotate with the breech-block I and not independently of it.
W'e are aware that various devices have heretofore been known and used for securing a swinging breechblock in its proper position behind the barrel, and for moving said breech-block to and from its place behind the barrel, but never, to our knowledge, has the device substantially herein described been known or used before; v p
Having thus described our invention,
What we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1.. The swinging or oscillating bolt n, when retained in position by the spring d, and operated by the ordinary movements of the hammer, trigger, and. breechblock, in loading and discharging the arm, substantially as described.
2. The breech-block I), when provided with trunnions or pivots sand s firmly secured thereto, in combination with the lever 0, whereby the said block is operated, substantially as described.
3. Tl'ie fi'iction-spring 71, secured to the swinging breech-block D, in combination with the lock-frame and the operating lever 0 attached to the pivot or hearing of the said breech-block, substantially as herein described. I
US112505D Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms Expired - Lifetime US112505A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US112505A true US112505A (en) 1871-03-07



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US112505D Expired - Lifetime US112505A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US112505A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US112505A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US111814A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US261648A (en) Breech-loading fire-arm
US113194A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US224742A (en) Revolving fire-arm
US323837A (en) Daniel b
US104682A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US115483A (en) Improvement in revolving fire-arms
US138207A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US150349A (en) Improvement in locks for fire-arms
US129393A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US184202A (en) Teeeitoey
US113408A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US104211A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US47372A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US90024A (en) roberts
US362632A (en) johnson
US193821A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms
US309265A (en) vetter
US135947A (en) Improvement in magazine fire-arms
US233901A (en) Breech-loading fire-arm
US120788A (en) William s
US141603A (en) Setts
US251306A (en) Otis a
US54743A (en) Improvement in breech-loading fire-arms