US1120129A - Smoke-eliminator. - Google Patents

Smoke-eliminator. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1120129A
US1120129A US1914826969A US1120129A US 1120129 A US1120129 A US 1120129A US 1914826969 A US1914826969 A US 1914826969A US 1120129 A US1120129 A US 1120129A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
device
steam
eliminator
stack
air
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Cornelius Cable
Original Assignee
Cornelius Cable
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F5/00Flow mixers; Mixers for falling materials, e.g. solid particles
    • B01F5/04Injector mixers, i.e. one or more components being added to a flowing main component
    • B01F5/0403Mixing conduits or tubes, i.e. conduits or tubes through which the main component is flown
    • B01F5/0405Mixing conduits or tubes, i.e. conduits or tubes through which the main component is flown for mixing more than two components; Devices specially adapted for generating foam, e.g. air foam
    • B01F5/0406Devices specially adapted for generating foam
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING, AIR-HUMIDIFICATION, VENTILATION, USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F6/00Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification
    • F24F6/12Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification by forming water dispersions in the air
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/09Furnace gas scrubbers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/54Venturi scrubbers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/76Steam

Description

C. CABLE.

SMOKE ELIMINATOR.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 24, 1914 1,120,129, Patented Dec. 8, 1914.

CZIVZQZZMJ Ck/Me.

' To all whom it may concern produce complete combustion of the fuel will be consumed. This PATENT OFFICE.

CORNELIUS CABLE, 0F ELKHART, INDIANA.

SMOKE-ELIMINATOR.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 8, 1914.

Application filed March 24, 1914. Serial No. 826,969.

Be it known that I, CORNELIUS CABLE, a

citizen of the United States, residing at Elkhart, Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Smoke-Eliminators, of which the following is a specification. This invention relates to smoke eliminators or devices that produce complete combustion of the fuel and its gases in furnaces of boilers either stationary or locomotive.

The .objectof the invention is to provide a simple and efficient device that can be readily set up in the stack of a furnace and that will operate by suction to create such a uniform draft through the fire box as to which will give a white heat so that all consequent gases arising from the burning fuel revents the formation of smoke and this iswhy I prefer to call my device a smoke eliminator rather than a smoke consumer.

The invention consists in the construction and arrangement and combination of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claim, it being understood that I do not wish to limit myself to the details of the. invention.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawin's in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of a large chimney or stack with my device applied thereto. Beside the chimney is indicated a boiler house with a breeching or flue leading therefrom to the chimney. Fig. 2 is a sectional view of my device with a nozzle shown in place in dotted lines. This view is enlarged over the one in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 1s a bottom plan view of the device, and Fig. 4 is a partial sectional view of the particular nozzle I prefer to use in connection with my device.

In the drawings, the'numeral 1 indicates the chimney or stack, 2 the boiler house in which are situated a series of boilers, 3 the breeching or. flue leading from the boilers to the stack, 4 my improved device in position on a bracket 5 in the stack above the point of entry of the breeching. The device has a pipe 6 leading from a steam dome to 1 supply it with live steam. The pipe 6 is further connected by a pipe 6* to a source of compressed air 7 and has a suitable valve 8 so that either steam or compressed air can be used on the device. The eliminator proper is shown in Fig. 2 and is of substantially bell shape. In its bottom, holes or openings 9 are rovided for the admission of air and 10 indicates a threaded shank for supporting the device. An injector nozzle 11 extends through the shank into the device. The nozzle I prefer to use in my device is shown in Fig. 1 which consists of two inverted cones 14 and 15 with their apexes forming a small opening or throat 12. In the cone 14 I prefer to have rifling which I have found in practice, gives the steam a whirling movement that is very advantageous. The cone 1 5 is of smooth bore. On the outside of the 51:16am is provided a collar or hexagonal'nut q l. so positioned thereon as to indicate just :hpw far the nozzle should be screwed into the shank 10. The nozzle must project into the eliminator to a point beyond the air openings 9.

In operation the eliminator is installed in a stack or chimney above the point where the breeching or flue from the furnaces enter the chimney. This is very important. the fires have just been-lighted and there is no steam, compressed air from any suitable" source is passed through the device by means of the valve 8 closing off the steam supply and connecting up the air supply. This creates enough draft to hurry the fire but I have found that compressed air will not produce the satisfactory results that steam does and hence only use air initially. As soon as steamis formed, the air is shut off and steam is conducted to the eliminator. In passing through the rifled nozzle it is given a rotary motion which is of great benefit. The steam in leaving the nozzle 11 fills the open end of the eliminator as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig, 1, and in so doing sucks air into the device through the openings 9, without which a vacuum would be formed, and is mixed with the steam. Further, the steam leaves the eliminator with such velocity that it creates a great suction in the chimney which of course drawsair through the fire box of the furnace and produces perfect combustion. The degree of draft can be regulated by the admission of steam to the eliminator. In

practice, it has been found that when the When for use in the eliminator, I do not Wish to limit myself to this, as any ordinary steam nozzle or jet Will suffice. Further, Ihave described my device in use in a stationary furnace, but it can be'used equally well in a locomotive.

What I claim is: In combination, a stack, a furnace, a flue leading from the furnace to the stack and a draft inducer located in the stack above the point of entry of the fine comprising a bell.

shaped device arranged vertically in the stack and having an enlarged open upper end with openings through the bottom, a jet entering centrally of the bottom, aidraft space being provided between the bell and the Walls of the stack, substantially as described. j

In testimony whereof; I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.

CORNELIUS CABLE.

Witnesses:

F. L. MIDDLETON, BENNETT S. Jones.

US1120129A 1914-03-24 1914-03-24 Smoke-eliminator. Expired - Lifetime US1120129A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1120129A US1120129A (en) 1914-03-24 1914-03-24 Smoke-eliminator.

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US1120129A US1120129A (en) 1914-03-24 1914-03-24 Smoke-eliminator.

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US1120129A true US1120129A (en) 1914-12-08

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2492037A (en) * 1945-05-08 1949-12-20 Rockwood Sprinkler Co Apparatus for generating foam
US2765856A (en) * 1952-11-01 1956-10-09 Nat Foam System Inc Fire extinguishing foam producing unit
US2766026A (en) * 1952-07-22 1956-10-09 Nat Foam System Inc Foam discharge unit
US3686825A (en) * 1970-04-08 1972-08-29 Lodge Cottrell Ltd Electro-precipitation
US4113453A (en) * 1977-06-28 1978-09-12 Rector Charles B Anti-pollution device for industrial stacks
US6682057B2 (en) * 2001-05-01 2004-01-27 Estr, Inc. Aerator and wastewater treatment system
US20100028145A1 (en) * 2008-08-04 2010-02-04 Rolls-Royce Plc Flow control arrangement
US20100224076A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2010-09-09 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Beverage maker, comprising an easy-to-clean duct system having at least one duct for conveying a fluid beverage ingredient

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2492037A (en) * 1945-05-08 1949-12-20 Rockwood Sprinkler Co Apparatus for generating foam
US2766026A (en) * 1952-07-22 1956-10-09 Nat Foam System Inc Foam discharge unit
US2765856A (en) * 1952-11-01 1956-10-09 Nat Foam System Inc Fire extinguishing foam producing unit
US3686825A (en) * 1970-04-08 1972-08-29 Lodge Cottrell Ltd Electro-precipitation
US4113453A (en) * 1977-06-28 1978-09-12 Rector Charles B Anti-pollution device for industrial stacks
US6682057B2 (en) * 2001-05-01 2004-01-27 Estr, Inc. Aerator and wastewater treatment system
US20040140576A1 (en) * 2001-05-01 2004-07-22 La Crosse Gaylen R. Treatment of water with contaminants
US20100224076A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2010-09-09 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Beverage maker, comprising an easy-to-clean duct system having at least one duct for conveying a fluid beverage ingredient
US9408494B2 (en) * 2007-02-20 2016-08-09 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Beverage maker, comprising an easy-to-clean duct system having at least one duct for conveying a fluid beverage ingredient
US20100028145A1 (en) * 2008-08-04 2010-02-04 Rolls-Royce Plc Flow control arrangement
US8464761B2 (en) * 2008-08-04 2013-06-18 Rolls-Royce Plc Flow control arrangement

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