US1117179A - Multiple cash-register. - Google Patents

Multiple cash-register. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1117179A
US1117179A US59585710A US1910595857A US1117179A US 1117179 A US1117179 A US 1117179A US 59585710 A US59585710 A US 59585710A US 1910595857 A US1910595857 A US 1910595857A US 1117179 A US1117179 A US 1117179A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shaft
lever
levers
keys
fuller
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US59585710A
Inventor
Frederick L Fuller
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NCR Corp
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NCR Corp
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Priority to US59585710A priority Critical patent/US1117179A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C7/00Input mechanisms
    • G06C7/10Transfer mechanisms, e.g. transfer of a figure from a ten-key keyboard into the pin carriage

Description

F. L. FULLER.
MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER.
APPLICATION FILED mo. 6, 1910.
Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
18 SHEETS-SHEET] li'VJ/QVTQi Frederic fa [Ker 18 SHEETS-SHBBT 2.
smvam flo'c Z. Fa [la r Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
P. L. PUKLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLICATION FILED DEG.6,1910.
F. L. FULLER.
MULTIPLB GASH REGISTER. APPLICATION FILED DBO. 6, 1910.
1,1 17, 1'79. Patented N0v.17,1914.
lfl SHEETS-SHEET 3.
ATTORNEYJ F. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLICATION FILED DEG.6,191( 1,117,179, PatentedNov. 17,1914.
16 SHEETS SHEET 4.
g Q g WITNESSES. Ill/MENTOR ffeaierzcffl/ iz Ner- P. L. FULLER.
MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER.
APPLICATION FILED DEO.6,1910.
Patented NOV. 1?, 1914.
16 SHEETSSHEET 5.
WUQ
ZZi Z/M mug/470R radam'a/fl. FM 1! 7 MWW ATTORNEY F. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLICATION FILED DEG.6,1910.
1,117,179. Patented N0v.1'7,1914.
16 SHEETS-SHEET a.
F: L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLICATION FILED DEC. 6, 19m.
Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
16 SHEETSr-SHEET 7.
Frederzr/il. Fa [KW 1 m #4 M w E F. w. kmgu F. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLIOATION FILED 131:0. e, 1910.
Patented Nov. 1?, 191-4 19 SHBETS-SHEET 8.
Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
16 SHEETS-SHEET 9.
INVEATOR Frederic/5. Fa [22 WITNESSES: q% 22%).
m m/1 Tram 5r P. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLIOATIOH FILED DEC. 6, 1910.
1,117,179. Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
16 SHEETS-SHEET 10.
%%.Fufler P. L. FULLER.
MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER.
APPLICATION FILED DEC 6, 1910.
1,1 1 '7, 179. Patented Nov. 1?, 1914.
16 SHEETS-SHEET 11.
WITNESSES: INVENTOR frederz'cl l. Fa [Zer v v. W momvsrs F. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLIOATIQN FILED D1306, 1910.
1,117,179. Patented Nov. 12 1914.
16 SHBETS-SHEET l3.
Hill/5 WITNESSES: I/VVEIVTOR Fredemtf/ Pa [16) V g WW Arm/m:
F. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER. APPLICATION IILED DEO.6,1910.
Patented Nov. 17, 1914. 16 SHEETS-SHEET 14.
llVVE/VTUB fieden'c/ilz u [Zer EMQ W M ATTORNEYS P. L. FULLER.
MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER.
APPLICATION FILED DBG.6,1910. 1,1 17 179R Patented Nov. 17, 1914. 16 SHEETSSHEET 1 5.
IA'VENTOR Frederic/[L Fu [1 er W M. W ATTORNEN m3 w? w l 1 l l I l l 1 I i l ml. fi m \s P. L. FULLER. MULTIPLE CASH REGISTER.
APPLICATION FILED D1206, 1910,
Patented Nov. 17, 1914.
16 8HEETSSHBET 18 pitweooca ninrnn FREDERICK LJFULLER, OF DAYTON, OHIO, ASSIGNDEZ TO THE NATIQNAL CAST-I BEG-IS- TER COMPANY, OF DAYTON, OHEO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO, (INCORPORATED IN MULTIPLE CASH-REGISTER.
T all in 1mm it M ay com-cm Be it known that l, Fnnonnicn L. FULLER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Multiple Casio Registers, of which I declare the following to he a tall, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to cash registers accomplishing the usual innctionsof multiple totalizer cash registers, namely in totalizing according to classes the different transactions entered in the register, in male ing printed. records of transactions and temporarily indicating similar data concerning each transaction. It differs from other two-motion cash registers, that is, reg isters, which to operate, first require manipulation of amountand special setting devices such as transaction keys and then the operation of driving mechanism, inv construction and in an arrangement whereby.
class of transact-ion selecting devices also serve for the application of driving power to the machine, having for its object the saving of one manual operation for each entered transaction. It is customary in two-motion cash registers to have a set of amount determining and a set of transaction determining devices and a single device for transmit ting power, such as a crank lever or motor of some kind.
This invention provides a cash register with a pluralit of such power devices, each of which also acts as a transact-i on determining device. 1 Another object of the invention is toprovide an improved form of differential mechanism for actuating multiple totalizcrr.
Another object of the invention is to pro vide an improved arrangement of tablet indicators, for reading from both sides of the machine, whereby eachtahlet is in.the cor.-
rect denominational position.
Another object ofthe invention is to provide an improved tall stroke device for coinpelling a complete operation ot'the machine before a succeeding. operation can take place.
With these and incidental objects in view.
the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and comb nations of pa rts, the essential elements of Which erases Specification oi Letters l-atent.
Application filed December {5, 1910.
Patented N ov..1'7, 1914.
Serial No. 595,857.
forth in appended claims, and a preferred form of embodiment of which is hereinafter described with reference to the drawings which accompany and form part of the. specification.
Figure l is a left side elevation of a cash register constructed according to this invention and with the printing mechanism abinet and supporting frameoniitted. Fig. 2 is a detail in left side elevation showing the transmission of the differential movement from the keys to the actuating devices or" the machine. Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the diiierential mechanism of the ma.- chine. Fig. 4: is atransverse vertical section of the indicator. mechanism taken on the line of Fig. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the indicator mechanism. Fig. 6 is a front elevation of a carriage for totalizer and indicator'actuating slides and printing mechanism. I Fig. 7 is a detail in right side elevation of one of the main operating levers and a carriage driven thereby. Fig. 8 is a plan view of part of the mechanism shown in Fig. 7. Fig. 9 is a. left side elevation of one of the key detents for the value keys and a. locking mechanism operated thereby.
Fig. 10 is a detail. of a segment which is one of the differential racks for actuating the'totalizers and part of the totalizer resetting device and co-acting devices; Fig. 14: is a fragmentary front elevation of one of the totalizers.v Fig. 15 is'a left side elevajof the racks for operating the same. Fig. 16 is a detailin right side elevation of a' fnll strokemechanism .for the driving shafts of the machine. Fig. 17 is a left side elevation of the printing mechanism. .Fig. 18 a transverse vertical sectioi r'of the printing mechanism. Fig. 19 is a. front ole ration of the printing mechanism. Fig. 20
/ tion of one of the totalizers including one" detail oi? the platen. ,isni. Fig. 21 is a strip guide of the it perspecgeneral plan of lurnlity of ac 1' is spelled to to select derm operaallitl locks the nd scrres on e stepped inalis jonrnolei indie? tor tablets nut groups 2.1
oting handles an; by which e driving mechanism r, and in, nrnnhe" cor- 'hi ses of transacans ed to r operating the a particular ents' on this lettered Received each letter I01 wsrdly and and shaft 6? .J; is provided smnvn in his.
' transfer cam shaft 95 having a which is nest with a. slot 20 embracing a circular knob 21 on one of slides 18 each of which has ai'ac-k 56 for oscillating a pinion 57 fast to shaft 58 and has conne ions for efiecting a oneionrth rotation of shaft 67. These latter 7 connections consist of pins 17 fast to the slides and extending through slots 16 in arms 15 loose on shaft (37 but having pawl and ratchet cmniections thereto. The plates 1:3 curr i 11 set of pants I3 (Fig. 13) n'hicln 7 npoirthe return movement. of the lever, en-
- gage shoulders H of a set of disks 66 which are first to the shaft (37, consequently r0t2iting the shaft '67 conntcr-cloclrwise (Fig. one-quarter revrdntion. lhe operation 0t 9 more than one lever 19 at a time is prevented by n number of stops 230 (Fig. 8)
resting in a grooye'QZll in a tie bar and having beveled ends 233 extending into cuts 23% in slides 18. When any lever 19 is op- 35 ernted'its slide 18 forces the stops 280 aside tar enough to permit the slide to pass but the stops to the right and left prevent the tr e 100 shaft 58, shaft (5i, and can i age and a: gem-ed conon ofshntt nection to shaft ('37. The funct l is to lift the nrrizige thu carriage having connections for actuating the tornizers, the n'inting lnechzinisnn and for setting indicators as will appear fzirther on. A full stroke device for the drive shaftzinil the shaft 0? is'shown in Fig. l6. The clrii'e'shn'it 5S first rotates in the direction 119 indicated by the arrow 179 a halt rotation and is then returned to normal position.
During the forward rocking of the shaft,
backward rotation of the Phillie is prevent l by n ratchet wheel 1S0 fast thereon c o-zict- 11o ing with u pawl 1S1 loosely mounted on a short shaft 192 and held in engagement with the rzitchetlRO by a springltll 00mpressed between the pawl 181 and the hell crank lever 134, also loose upon the shaft 182 and having a nose 1,85 normally BXtGIlC lll into one of tour notches" 186 in disk 18? the shoulder 192.
' tempt to again move the same forwardly 16 through which extends a pin 17 on one will be prevented. As the nose 185 is thus disengaged from disk 187 shaft 67 is free to make its one-quarter rotation upon the return movement of the operating lever 19. When shaft 58 arrives at its home position and shaft 67 hascompleted its one-quarter turn, pin 1881 engages a'shoulder 1882 of disk 191, returning the disk to normal position and thus allowing pawl 181 to again engage ratchet 180, andthe nose 185' of bell crank lever 18% to enter one of the notches 186 in disk 187.
Keyboard-Each denominational bank of keys '1 and a similar bank of initial keys 260 (Figs. 1 and 22) are carried by removable frames 2, supported in the machine by tie bars 3 and 4. The keys are depressible against the action of springs 5(Fig. 2) and carry pins 6 co-actin with detents 7, loosely pivoted on red 26, or retaining depressed keys their depressed positions during the operation of the machine. The detents 7 are provided with a plurality of inclined projections 8 with which the pins 6 co-act.
Thus a detent will be elevated on the de-,
pression of a key until the key pin 6 reaches a notch .9 in the detent when the detentsprings downwardly under the action of a spring 10 (Fig. 9) thus retaining the key in its depressed position. For the purpose of preventing operation of the machine while a key is being depressed each detent 7 is provided with a downwardly extendin arm 11 in position to engage a rod'12 of a rame 13 (Fig. .9) having a number of latching arms .14:- co-acting with notches in the plates 15 (Figs. 1 and 13). Each plate 15 as hereinbefore stated is provided with a slot of slides 18 driven rearwardly by the main operating levers 19 as explained, and returned with the levers by springs 236.' Consequently when an operating lever is rocked downwardly around its pivot 1 and its cor responding slide 18 is movedrearwardly, the plate 15 is rocked in a clockwise direction. Ifit is attemptedto operate one of i the levers 19 while a key is beingdepressed,
the arms 14 of the frame 13 will be in the path of shoulders 22v of the plates 15 and prevent'operation of any one of the levers 19. However, if the depressed keys have reached their extreme inner positions where they become latched, the return movement of detent 7 at such time permits the frame 13 to rock rearwardly thus permitting the operation of one of the levers 19.
It is desired to compel the depression of an initial key before the machine may be operated, consequently the bank of initial keys 260' eo--acts with a machine locking device, as shown in Fig. 12. This device consists of a segment 28, having a number of projections 24-, provided at their outer ends .vith inclined surfaces 25 co-acting with the pin 6 carried by the initial keys. The segment 23 is loosely pivoted on rod 26 and is provided with a circular opening 27 through which passes rod 28 passing through a number of locking arms 29 also loosely journaled on the rod 26 and co-acting with shoulders 30 (Figs. 1 and 7) of the levers 19. Shoulders 31 on the arms 29 are normally in the path of shoulders 30 but when an initial key is depressed the seg-- ment 23 is rocked upwardly, thereby elevat ing all of the arms 29 away from the shoulders 30, and, as far as this locking device is concerned, permitting the operation of any one lever. Segments 32 (Fig. 10) co act with pins 6 of the value keys in order to operate a latching lever 83 for the No sale lever, to prevent operation of this lever whenever a value key is in its depressed position. The depression of a key rocks the segments upward and holds the same in moved position while remaining depressed. The segments 32 are connected by rod 31 with the lever 33, and this lever is provided with a shoulder similar to the shoulders on levers 1 1 but co-acting with the shoulder 22 of the No sale lever only. The rod 12, previously described, passes through a slot 36 in the-arm 33 so tlizitv'liile any key is being depressed the rocking movement of movetito docking position at the same time that the levers 1-1 are temporarily rocked to locking position. In order to release depressed keys at the end of each operation of the machine, the shaft 67 carries a pair of cams (Fig. 1) each having four projections 76, for engaging rollers 77 on bell crank levers 78 at the endof each quarter turn of the shaft. The bell crank levers 78 carry a rod 79 extending across shoulders 80 of the hey decent 7 and when actuated by cam 75 lift the detents and thus release the depressed keys.
Differential mechmr'as'm.The totalizers are differentially actuated by racks 51 (Fig. 1) in turnoperated by slides 17 having graded steps and mounted in the carriage 55. These slides are first positioned by the bank of keys is a stepped,v lever (Fig. rigid with a bevel gear 38, meshing with a bevel gear on a shaft passing from front to rear of the machine and ournaled in suitable supportingframes. Fast on each shaft 40 is an arm 41 carrying a. pin :3 extending through a slot 15 (Figs. 3 and i) in ing racks 51. All of the slidesare mounted.
on rollers 5% (Fig, 1) journaled on the carriage Whic'his slidably mounted onrods 237 and is elevated at each operation of any lever 19 by one of racks 56 (Fig. 7), driven .7
by slides 18. and meshing with pinions 57 fast to a shaft 58 ournaled in the side fi'aiiies of the machine. The shaft 58 also Carries a pair of pinions 59 meshing with racks 60 on the carriage 55. Accordingly at each operation of the machine after thedifferential slides have been properly set the carriage 55 is moved upwardly and on its upward movement differentially actuating thetotalizer rat-ks 51 by the steppedslides Q7. Each set of totalizer racks 51 (Fig. 13) is normally held in its-lower position by a spring 238 and is slidably mount ed on a frame 61 loosely pivoted on the shaft Spring 5 normally hold the frames 6.1 extensions of the racks are not in the path ofmovement of steps 50 of slides ll".
T he levers 10 Control means for rocking-- the frames 61 so that any desired set of racks 51 may be luonght intooperative relation with the set of slides 47 and its rack teeth into the proper plane for engaging the totaliz'er actuating pinions M during the upward movement of the racus. To ae om plish this movement, the frame (31 is provided with a forwardly extending. arm-6&0 havingrroller 65 eo-actii'ig with one of cains'tltl loose on a shaft 67. Rollers 65 normally rest in notches 68 in the cam 66 and the cams are caused to make one-quarter of a revolution bv the depressionof any one of the operating levers 19. Accordingly four no-tchesGS are provided in cam 66 and in order to cause the quarter rotation of the cam by the operation of any one lever 19, the plates 15, operated by the levers. oarr pa-wls 69' co-acting with notches 68 in the cams during the downward movement of the lever.
The rachsbl are held in mesh With the totaliizer actuating pinions 64 by the cam 66 during the upward: stroke of the racks.
. When racks reach their upper positions sitien. serve to rock diiien' in-a rearward. position so that one of the notches 68 arrives opposite the roller 35 permitting the springs 225 to rock theraclts 51 out of mesh, the racks remaining free'of the pinions (is upon the return movement of the carriage 55. Overthrow of levers-37 (Fig. 2) is prevented by levers 70 pivoted to the levers 87 by pins 71 and having shoulders '72 for engaging the key pins 6 when the keys reach their inner po- As the arc of the movement of the."
lever 50 is such that the shoulders 72 would cross the path of movement of the pins 6 immediately after the pins have reaehed their inner position. the. levers 7O prevent further movement of the keys when the keys reach such position.
i"0zaZ2'2(.Ws-.Tlie intermediate pinions G l mesh with totalizer pinions 81 (Fig. 1%) rigid with totalizer drums S2 and overthrow of the totalizer pinions is prevented by pawls 255 (Fig. 15), normally free to rock out of engagement with the totalizer pinions, but positively locked in engagement with the same when the carriage reaches itsupper position, by lugs 256 on the ear riage engaging rollers257 on a frame 258 hung from fixed pivots 259 and carrying a rod 260 for engagement with the of the pau'ls Carrying operations arper- .E (J i i, 9 +1 it/1 d iOIIDUi o, pins Or) on tie otanzet runs engaging paivls Si loosely pivoted on a rod 85. Each pawl St has a shoulder 86 normally in engagement with a shoulder 87 on an arm 88 loosely pivoted on shaft 89 and carrying a transfer pawl 90. hen one of t-liepaivls 84: is engaged by a pin 83,
its shoulder 86 is carried away from the shoulder 87 of the arm 88, permitting a spring 91 to reel; the arm 88 upwardly until. the shoulder 87 comes to rest against shoulder $52 of the arm'S lj. The pawl is thus rocked forwardly one tooth space of the intern'iediategear (l-t and a tail 93 of the pawl moved into the path of one of a se 'ies of cams M on the shaft The snaft 95 (Fig; 1 carries a pinion 0t inesning \vithan intermediate gear 97,
in'turn meshing with a. gear 98 fast on the shaft 67. consequently when shaft 67 makes its one-quarter rotation on the return of carriage any of the pavvls 9O which are in tripped positions will be engaged by the cams St and returned to their" original 'yiositionmthus rotating gears '64 which they engage the desired extra unit of movement. The pa'wls 81 follow the arms 88 during this movement under the action of springs 91 finally latching the arms SSin their originalnositions When' the shoulders 86 engage the 'sheulders 87 v The totalizers may be simultaneously reset when the mechanism is in normal position by a knurled head 2&0 (Fig. leifast' to the totahzer shaft "2&1 Wl'llC-lfl is provided with usuelxlongitndanel groove
US59585710A 1910-12-06 1910-12-06 Multiple cash-register. Expired - Lifetime US1117179A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2730944A (en) * 1952-02-08 1956-01-17 Schuster Ulysse Printing machine
US2921515A (en) * 1956-02-14 1960-01-19 Burroughs Corp Machines for issuing business forms

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2730944A (en) * 1952-02-08 1956-01-17 Schuster Ulysse Printing machine
US2921515A (en) * 1956-02-14 1960-01-19 Burroughs Corp Machines for issuing business forms

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