US1104470A - Hand implement. - Google Patents

Hand implement. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1104470A
US1104470A US80359413A US1913803594A US1104470A US 1104470 A US1104470 A US 1104470A US 80359413 A US80359413 A US 80359413A US 1913803594 A US1913803594 A US 1913803594A US 1104470 A US1104470 A US 1104470A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plates
gripping
hand
arms
levers
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Expired - Lifetime
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US80359413A
Inventor
Christian P Bilson
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Christian P Bilson
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Priority to US80359413A priority Critical patent/US1104470A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/42Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles
    • B66C1/422Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles actuated by lifting force

Description

G. P.'BILSON.
HAND IMPLEMENT. A 'LIQATION FILED NOV. gs, 1913.
l 9 I], 4 470, Patented July 21, 1914.
In 7/677. for,
CHRISTIAN P. BILSGN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
HAND IMPLEMENT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July at, 1914:.
Application filed November 28, 1913. Serial No. 803,594.
To (ZZZ whom it may concern Be it known that I, CHRISTIAN P. Binsoiv, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of, Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Hand Implements, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification.
My invention relates to improvements in hand implements one use for which it is adapted being that of a corn picker.
A further object is the production of a device in which removable gripping means may be applied to the device to adapt it for use for various purposes.
A further object is the production of a device that can be readily assembled and cheaply manufactured and one that is not liable to get out of order.
These and other objects are attained by my device, one embodiment of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 represents a side elevation of my device; Fig. 2 represents a top plan view of the gripping end of my device; Fig. 8 represents a sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 9, looking in the direction indicated by the arrows; Fig. 4: represents a sectional view on the line a d of Fig. 1 looking in the direction indicated by the arrows, and Fig. 5 represents a plan view of another form of gripping plate.
Like numerals indicate like parts in the various figures of the drawings.
-Referring now to the drawings, 6, 7, represent handle bars formed of any material, preferably, however, of wood, and made of exactly the same shape, one end of each, 8, being curved as indicated in the drawings. These members are assembled in a tong-like shape, the curved ends oppositely disposed toward each other, and the members are held together by a pivoted bolt 9 having a screw end 10 surrounded by bushing 11, the bushing being very advantageous in preventing the wear of the members. The members are normally held apart by suitable spring means, that indicated in the drawings being a bolt passing through the members between the pivotal point and the ends and having a spring 13 mounted upon said bolt between the arms.
A thumb screw 14 is provided, so that the limit of the spring may be varied at will. Suitable handles 15, 16 are secured to the inner ends of the arms making it easier to grip the device and operate it in a most e'l'licient manner.
A pair of gripping plates, 17, 18 slightly curved at their ends, as indicated at 19 in Fig. 3, are removably secured to the end of the arms near their outer extremities. The preferred means of securing these plates in place is to provide the plates with counter-sunk holes, 20, through which a bolt 21 is passed, extending through the arms, 6, 7, and provided with a nut or retaining means 22 on the end. Between the nut and the arm a long washer or strip 23 is pro vided which is turned down as indicated at 24 against the sides of the arm holding the gripping plate in place. I preferably provide two of these securing means in plates of ordinary size and may of course adopt other means of holding the plates in place than those illustrated in the drawings. Of course, it is evident that securing means of this character serve to strengthen and stiffen the arms and prevent them from splitting or breaking when in use.
It will be noted that the spring 13 normally holds the arms apart so that when the device is in use and the gripping plates are in position on either side of an ear of corn or object to be picked up, a slight movement of the thumb causes the gripping members to grasp the ear firmly. The ear is then elevated with a swinging motion and at the proper time the pressure of the thumb released, permitting the corn to slide out and be deposited in any desired receptacle.
It is of course clear that while the two forms of gripping means illustrated can be used for various purposes, other gripping plates may be substituted if desired when the device is to be used for special purposes. In some instances the gripping plates should be padded to prevent injury to articles in connection with which the device is used; for instance, in picking up potatoes from the field or fruit from the trees, the plates should be of a different form and preferably padded.
I have illustrated the device with the arms formed of wood, as hard wood of a tough character is comparatively light and forms an eflicient material for this portion of the device. Of course it is understood, however, that I do not limit myself to wood, as a portion or all of the device may be made of metal in certain instances, if it is thought that such material is better adapted to the uses to which the device would be put.
By the use of the two handles, 15, 16, great freedom of movement is insured as the hand passes through the handle while the thumb grasps the handle 16, thus preventing any danger of the device slipping from the hand when releasing articles from the gripping means, and at the same time the handle confines the hand and makes it unnecessary for the operator to pay much attention, to holding the device to prevent it from slipping out of the hand.
The device was originally designed with a view of following the corn harvester and recovering the numerous ears of corn that are dropped between the hills, but, as outlined above,there are numerous other uses to which the device may be put Without material alteration of the design as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
I claim: In an implement of the class described, a pair of crossed levers pivoted together at the point of intersection, a pair of article-grasping plates at one end of the levers, these plates being arranged to face inwardly and converge toward their outer ends, a pair of handles atvthe opposite ends of the levers, these handles extending in the same direction from the sides of the levers, a spring for normially separating the article-engaging end of the levers, and means for regulating the distance the levers are normally spread, for the purpose set forth.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name in thepresence of two witnesses.
CHRISTIAN P. BILSON.
Witnesses:
F H. DRURY, ANNE SOLOMON.
Copies 01' this patent nily be obtai'ned' for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
Washizfgtdn; D. 0.
US80359413A 1913-11-28 1913-11-28 Hand implement. Expired - Lifetime US1104470A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3583745A (en) * 1969-01-02 1971-06-08 Brooks S Stuart Jr Lifting device
US4221415A (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-09-09 Samuel Ganz Canine waste disposal apparatus
US4577900A (en) * 1985-04-08 1986-03-25 Coats & Clark, Inc. Self adjusting tongs
US5901993A (en) * 1998-01-15 1999-05-11 Lowery; Fannie L. Food handling tongs
US9409290B1 (en) 2015-09-24 2016-08-09 Mark S. Gordon Gripper for manipulating planar workpiece in tight-fitting receptacle
US9744673B1 (en) 2015-09-24 2017-08-29 Mark S. Gordon Gripper for manipulating planar workpiece in tight-fitting receptacle

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3583745A (en) * 1969-01-02 1971-06-08 Brooks S Stuart Jr Lifting device
US4221415A (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-09-09 Samuel Ganz Canine waste disposal apparatus
US4577900A (en) * 1985-04-08 1986-03-25 Coats & Clark, Inc. Self adjusting tongs
US5901993A (en) * 1998-01-15 1999-05-11 Lowery; Fannie L. Food handling tongs
US9409290B1 (en) 2015-09-24 2016-08-09 Mark S. Gordon Gripper for manipulating planar workpiece in tight-fitting receptacle
US9744673B1 (en) 2015-09-24 2017-08-29 Mark S. Gordon Gripper for manipulating planar workpiece in tight-fitting receptacle

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