US1099811A - Wrench. - Google Patents

Wrench. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1099811A
US1099811A US80508713A US1913805087A US1099811A US 1099811 A US1099811 A US 1099811A US 80508713 A US80508713 A US 80508713A US 1913805087 A US1913805087 A US 1913805087A US 1099811 A US1099811 A US 1099811A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
jaw
tail
shank
depression
sleeve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US80508713A
Inventor
Leonard C Moise
Anthony Oliver Pons
Original Assignee
Leonard C Moise
Anthony Oliver Pons
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Leonard C Moise, Anthony Oliver Pons filed Critical Leonard C Moise
Priority to US80508713A priority Critical patent/US1099811A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1099811A publication Critical patent/US1099811A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/28Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being pivotally movable
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17231Pivoted jaws
    • Y10T279/17239Moving-cam actuator
    • Y10T279/17256Reciprocating cam sleeve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17393One movable side
    • Y10T279/17401Sleeved

Description

L. c. Mo'l's & A. o. PONS.

WRENCH.

APPLIOATION FILED DEU. 6, 1913.

Patented June 9, 1914.

l A560702212. M 0i'e. Anthony] OlzrarPons @www Zum?? Mmm,

moanrn co.. wumuamr we.

TED sTATEs NrnTENT Ormea.

LEONARD C. MOSE AND ANTHONY OLIVER PONS, OF COVINGTON, LOUISIANA.

WRENCH.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application led. December 6, 1913.

Patented June 9, 1914.

Serial No. 805,087.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that we, LEONARD C. Mosn and ANTHONY OLIVER PONS, citizens of the United States, residing at Covington, in the parish of St. Tammany and State of Louisiana, have invented new and useful Improvements-in lrenches, of which the following is a specification.

The present invention relates to improvements in wrenches, and has for its Object to provide a comparatively simple and ineX- pensive device of this character in which gripping jaws may be readily clamped in engaging position, and one in which the jaws will be moved alternately to open position for engagement with a nut or bolt.

With the above recited objects in view, and others which will appear as the nature of the invention is more fully understood, the improvement resides in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts set forth in the following specification and fall ing within the scope of the appended claims. j

In the drawing: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a wrench constructed in accordance with the present invention, Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the wrench, the section being taken centrally and longitudinally thereof and illustrating the compression member or sleeve acting upon the rear or tail portion of the jaw beyond its pivot for swinging the jaw to an open position, and Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a modified form of the sleeve.

Referring now to the drawing in detail, 1 designates the body or shank of the wrench which has one of its ends terminating in a fixed jaw 2. The jaw, at its end, is providedl with a longitudinally extending depression. 3, and upon its inner face at a suitable distance from its ends with a transversely arranged depression 4. The shank 1 terminates in a reduced portion 5 preferably of a rectangular form in cross section and designed for engagement by a brace, handle or other operating member. The shank 1 is formed with a longitudinally arranged depression 6 upon its end opposite to that formed with the gripping .jaw 2, ythe said depression entering the outer face of the shank and the lower wall of said depression is inclined from the end of the said shank toward the transverse wall provided by the depression, as indicated by the numeral 7.

Pivoted, as at 8, between the walls formed,`

by the depression 6 is the movable or swinging jaw 9 which is provided with a transverse depression 10 and a longitudinally V-shaped `depression 11, the said depressions adapted to register with the depressions 3 and 4, when the jaw 9 is swung upon the jaw 2. The pivot of the jaw 9 is arranged near the end of the shank 1, and the said jaw to the rear of its pivot is provided with what I term a reduced tail 12. The jaw 9 is of a width equaling the jaw 2 and the distance between the walls provided by the depression 3 is less than the width or thickness of the jaws, so that the tail 12 is reduced, providing the jaw 9 with shoulders 13 which abut with the shoulders formed on the ends of the walls at the opposite sides of the depression 6. The lower wall of the tail is inclined from its juncture with the jaw proper to the end of said tail, so that the jaw 9 may be swung a comparatively great distance away from the jaw 2. rlhe outer face of the tail 12, from its juncture with the jaw proper is enlarged to provide a declivous surface 14, the said inclined enlargement sloping from the end of the tail to the juncture of the tail with the jaw proper.

IThe numerall 15 designates a sleeve or compression member which is arranged upon both of the jaws, the said member having its outer face, opposite the outer face of the jaw 9 beveled inwardly toward its bore, as indicated by the numeral 16, the said beveled portion serving as an engaging surface for the jaw when the latter is swung to its outer position. The shank 1, to the rear of its depression 6 is provided with shoulders 17 which are adapted to contact with and prevent the movement of the sleeve 15 toward Ythe reduced portionof the shank. The jaw 9 is of a greater thickness at its outer end than at its uncture with the tail piece 12, the inclination from the said end being gradual, but suiiicient to prevent the sleeve 15 from being withdrawn in an outward direction from its engagement with the jaws 2 and 9. It will be noted that when the sleeve or compression member 15 is moved toward the ends of the jaws, the'same willforce the jaw 9 toward the jaw 2 and the frictional engagementbetween the said member 15 and the jaw 9, owing to the inclined surface 16, will hold the said jaw 9 at any adjusted position with relation to the jaw 2, and furof the member 15, thesame will travel over the declivous surface 14 upon the outer face of the tail, and thus swing the jaw 9 to an open position.

. In order to reinforce the side walls provided by the depression 6, and also to retain the pivot 8 against accidental removal, we have formed this portion of the wrench, forward of the shank 1, with a continuous depression A within which is received a reinforcing band B. The band lies flush with both the sides and the faces of this portion of the wrench, so as not to interfere with the movement of the compression member 15. rlhe upper portion of the tail of the movable or swinging jaw 9 is provided with a depression C so that the member of the band arranged across the said tail will not contact with the tail. The band also serves as a means for forcing the side walls provided by the depression 6 into frictional engagement with the sides of the tail 12.

In Fig. 4 we have illustrated a form of sleeve which may be employed. rIhis sleeve, designated by the numeral 15a, comprises a substantially U-shaped member or yoke, which is preferably constructed of metal so that the sides 15b ywill exert a tension toward each other and frictionally contact with both the stationary and pivoted jaw, when the sleeve is arranged in operative position. The arms 15b are provided adjacent their free edges with approximately centrally disposed alining openings through which pass the stems of headed pivots,v 50, which hingedly sustain a top or plate 51 between the arms of the'sleeve and in contacting relation with the outer face of the jaw 9. The plate 51, it will be noted, will tilt upon its pivots and lie flat upon the outer face of the jaw 9, when the sleeve is slid to force the said aw into tight engagement with an article between the j aws, and the opposite lower corners of the plate are beveled or rounded so that no resistance will be offered when the sleeve is moved over the outer declivous surface 14 of the tail 12 of the jaw 9 or the shoulders or transverse walls provided by the depression C.

From the above description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, the simplicity of the device as well as the advantages thereof will, it is thought, be perfectly apparent to those skilled in the art to which such inventions appertain without further detailed description.

I-Iaving thus described the invention, what we claim is:

1. In a device of the class described, a

I shank having a longitudinally extending fixed jaw, the end of the shank opposite the fixed jaw being recessed, a swinging j aw having a reduced tail portion received within the recess and pivoted upon the opposite walls provided by the recess, a slidable compression member upon the jaws of the wrench, and the tail of the swinging jaw, to the rear of its pivot having an inclined surface adapted to be contacted by the compression member to swing the said jaw to an open position.

2. In a device of the class described, a shank having a shoulder, a movable jaw integrally formed with the shank and extending beyond the shoulder, the end of the shank to the opposite sides of the jaw and forward of the shoulder havin a depression which communicates with its end and which is inclined, a movable jaw, said movable jaw having a reduced tail piece which is adapted to be arranged between the walls of the depression and to be pivoted within the depression adjacent the outer end of the shank, the inner face of the tail being inclined from its juncture with the aw to the end of the tail, the outer face of the tail having an inclined surface from its end to its juncture with the jaw, the outer face of the jaw being also inclined outwardly from the tail to its end, the ends of both of the jaws having sockets, the inner faces of both of the jaws having transverse V-shaped depressions which are adapted to aline, a compression sleeve slidably mounted upon the jaws, said sleeve having its face opposite the outer face of the swinging jaw beveled inwardly to its bore, and the said sleeve when moved toward the shoulder of the shank and opposite the pivot of the jaw adapted to contact with the inclined outer face of the tail to swing the movable jaw to an open position.

8. In a device for the purpose described, a shank having a longitudinally extending fixed jaw, the said shank at its juncture with the jaw having a recess opposite the said jaw, a swinging arm having a reduced tail portion arranged within the recess and pivotally secured to the opposite walls thereof, the outer face of the tail being inclined outwardly, a band surrounding the recessed portion of the shank and a portion of the tail of the pivoted jaw and inclosing the pivot of the jaw, and a slidable compressible member upon the jaws and adapted to contact with the tail of the pivoted jaw to swing the outer end of the pivoted aw away from the stationary jaw.

4. In a wrench of the class described, a substantially rectangular shank having a reduced longitudinally extending fixed jaw, the shank opposite the fixed jaw having a longitudinally arranged recess, a jaw having a reduced longitudinally extending tail which is arranged within the recess and pivoted between the walls provided thereby, a tail having its outer face inclined from its juncture with its j aw to its outer end, a reinforcing band received within a recess in the shank and a recess within the tail surrounding Said shank and tail and contacting with the pivot of the swinging jaw, a sleeve In testimony whereof we affix our signemounted for sldable movement upon the tures 1n presence of two wltnesses.

wrench and surrounding the jaws thereof, LEONARD C. MOSE. said sleeve including a pivoted plate which ANTHONY OLIVER PONS. is adapted to bear against the outer face of Witnesses:

the pvoted jaw, al1 substantially as and for N. GlLLIs,

the purpose set forth. W. E. BLossMANe Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. C.

US80508713A 1913-12-06 1913-12-06 Wrench. Expired - Lifetime US1099811A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US80508713A US1099811A (en) 1913-12-06 1913-12-06 Wrench.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US80508713A US1099811A (en) 1913-12-06 1913-12-06 Wrench.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1099811A true US1099811A (en) 1914-06-09

Family

ID=3168013

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US80508713A Expired - Lifetime US1099811A (en) 1913-12-06 1913-12-06 Wrench.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1099811A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2562307A (en) * 1947-02-24 1951-07-31 Walter W Flugrath Pivoted jaw type, internally threaded socket wrench
US2591788A (en) * 1949-01-08 1952-04-08 Merton B Day Box-type wrench having springclosed head segments
US2627147A (en) * 1950-01-23 1953-02-03 Vern S Roach Toolholder for grinding purposes
US2742307A (en) * 1951-04-21 1956-04-17 Gen Logistics Connection and fastening device
US20060052780A1 (en) * 2001-02-15 2006-03-09 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge plate inserter/impactor and related methods for use in implanting an artificial intervertebral disc
US20070198092A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2007-08-23 Spinecore, Inc. System for inserting artificial intervertebral discs
US20090143861A1 (en) * 2001-02-15 2009-06-04 Spinecore, Inc. Intervertebral spacer device having recessed notch pairs for manipulation using a surgical tool
US20090312765A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2009-12-17 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge Ramp Distractor for use in Implanting Artificial Intervertebral Discs
US20120310353A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2012-12-06 Spinecore, Inc. Trial intervertebral distraction spacers
US8758358B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2014-06-24 Spinecore, Inc. Instrumentation for repositioning and extraction an artificial intervertebral disc from an intervertebral space

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2562307A (en) * 1947-02-24 1951-07-31 Walter W Flugrath Pivoted jaw type, internally threaded socket wrench
US2591788A (en) * 1949-01-08 1952-04-08 Merton B Day Box-type wrench having springclosed head segments
US2627147A (en) * 1950-01-23 1953-02-03 Vern S Roach Toolholder for grinding purposes
US2742307A (en) * 1951-04-21 1956-04-17 Gen Logistics Connection and fastening device
US20060052780A1 (en) * 2001-02-15 2006-03-09 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge plate inserter/impactor and related methods for use in implanting an artificial intervertebral disc
US8940047B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2015-01-27 Spinecore, Inc. Intervertebral spacer device having recessed notch pairs for manipulation using a surgical tool
US8858564B2 (en) 2001-02-15 2014-10-14 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge plate inserter/impactor and related methods for use in implanting an artificial intervertebral disc
US20090143861A1 (en) * 2001-02-15 2009-06-04 Spinecore, Inc. Intervertebral spacer device having recessed notch pairs for manipulation using a surgical tool
US20090312765A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2009-12-17 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge Ramp Distractor for use in Implanting Artificial Intervertebral Discs
US20120310353A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2012-12-06 Spinecore, Inc. Trial intervertebral distraction spacers
US8608752B2 (en) * 2001-07-16 2013-12-17 Spinecore, Inc. Trial intervertebral distraction spacers
US8758358B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2014-06-24 Spinecore, Inc. Instrumentation for repositioning and extraction an artificial intervertebral disc from an intervertebral space
US20070198092A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2007-08-23 Spinecore, Inc. System for inserting artificial intervertebral discs
US20070123906A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2007-05-31 Spinecore, Inc. Inserter/impactor for implanting an artificial intervertebral disc
US9132020B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2015-09-15 Spinecore, Inc. Wedge ramp distractor for use in implanting artificial intervertebral discs
US9700429B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2017-07-11 Spinecore, Inc. Intervertebral spacer device having recessed notch pairs for manipulation using a surgical tool
US9814596B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2017-11-14 Spinecore, Inc. Method of orienting an intervertebral spacer device having recessed notch pairs by using a surgical tool

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1174132A (en) Convertible tongs or pliers.
US1579992A (en) Wrench
US1282532A (en) Combined clamp and wrench.
US1151012A (en) Auxiliary lifting-handle for shovels.
US801151A (en) Wrench.
US1334965A (en) Jawed tool
US1268484A (en) Nutcracker.
US1094400A (en) Wrench or vise.
US540413A (en) Abraham vanderbeek
US439336A (en) Combination-tool
US586359A (en) William b
US1866771A (en) Wrench
US1542123A (en) Wrench
US850623A (en) Pipe-hanger.
US701237A (en) Pipe-wrench.
US463332A (en) Work-holding chuck
US385595A (en) Pipe-wrench
US601506A (en) Tongs
US1280405A (en) Wrench.
US389666A (en) Pipe-wrench
US636661A (en) Vise.
US633790A (en) Hose-clamping device.
US1551763A (en) Wrench
US1145067A (en) Wrench.
US1395052A (en) Wrench