US1090728A - Lantern. - Google Patents

Lantern. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1090728A
US1090728A US80649113A US1913806491A US1090728A US 1090728 A US1090728 A US 1090728A US 80649113 A US80649113 A US 80649113A US 1913806491 A US1913806491 A US 1913806491A US 1090728 A US1090728 A US 1090728A
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Prior art keywords
match
reservoir
tube
compartment
wick
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US80649113A
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Robert Lewis
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Robert Lewis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGESĀ ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/10Arrangement or mounting of ignition devices

Description

R. LEWIS.
LANTERN.
APPLICATION FILED DEG.13,'1913.
1,090,728. Patented Mar.17,1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
J J2 a f Witnesses MWM',
Inventor COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH c0., WASHINGTON. n. L.
R. LEWIS.
LANTERN.
APPLICATION FILED DBG.13, 1913.
1,090,728. Patented Mar. 17, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ROBERT LEWIS, OF TOIPEKA, KANSAS.
LANTERN.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ROBERT Lnwrs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Topeka, in the county of Shawnee and State of Kansas, have invented a new and useful Lantern, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to lanterns especially designed for use by railroads, although the same can be used for the various purposes for which lanterns are ordinarily employed.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a lantern having means whereby the wick can be ignited without necessitating the opening of the lantern.
A further object is to provide a lantern having a magazine containing matches which can be fed one at a time to position with their heads close to the wick end.
A further object is to provide means operated from a point outside of the lantern for striking the match so that the flame produced will ignite the wick.
Another object is to provide improved means operated from a point outside of the lantern for trimming the wick of the lantern.
Another object is to provide a wick trimming device which also constitutes means for extinguishing the flame issuing from the wick.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, can be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the accompanying drawings the preferred form of the invention has been shown.
In said drawings :-Figure 1 is an elevation of a lantern having the present improvements combined therewith. Fig. 2 is atop plan view of the oil reservoir and the parts carried thereby. Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the oil reservoir and the parts carried thereby. Fig. 4 is a section on line AB Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a section on line C-D Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a transverse section on an enlarged scale through the Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 13, 1913.
Patented Mar. 17,1914
Serial No. 806,491.
compartment in the reservoir and through the magazine contained therein.
Referring to the figures by characters of reference 1 designates an oil reservoir adapted to be held in any suitable manner within the base 2 of a lantern, this base being provided with the usual globe protecting cage 3 extending to the top or cap 4 of the lantern. The bottom of the reservoir 1 is exposed as ordinarily, within the bottom portion of the base 2 and, consequently, certain of the operating parts of the mechanism constituting the present invention can be arranged upon the bottom of the reservoir.
The reservoir is preferably formed with a false bottom 2 and extending from the said false bottom and upwardly to the top of the reservoir is a central compartment 3' preferably oblong in cross sectional contour and out of communication with that portion of the reservoir surrounding it. A burner 4 is adapted to be screwed into the top of the reservoir and has a wick tube 5 which opens into the reservoir at one side of the compartment- 3, as shown particularly in Fig. 5. The compartment 3 is closed at its upper end except for a circular opening 6 formed at one side of the center thereof and which is sufficiently large to permit a match to pass readily therethro-ugh. A guide tube 7 is carried by and extends through the burner 4 close to and parallel with the wick tube 5 and this guide tube is so positioned that, when the burner 4 is screwed into place with its lower face bearing upon the upper end of the compartment 3, the said tube 7 will register with the opening 6. The lower end of the compartment 3 is normally closed by means of a slide 8 which may be held in place by cleats 9 secured to the false bottom 2. This slide is of such length that it cannot be removed unless the reservoir 1 is detached from the base 2, the wall of the base serving to prevent the withdrawal of the slide from the cleats.
Removably mounted within the compartment 3' is a magazine made up of a fiat substantially elliptical casing 10 open at its upper and lower ends and provided, at the center of one side, with a longitudinal oitset portion 11 of such size as to hold a single match. This offset portion is open at its upper and lower ends, the upper end registering with the opening 6 in the top of the compartment 3. Mounted to slide and rotate within the offset portion 11 is a plunger 12 the lower end of which is formed with a radially extending arm 13 connected to the false bottom 2 by a spring 14. The plunger 12 carries a cam 15 adapted, when the plunger is moved upwardly, to move against a roller 16 mounted on a bail-like latch 17 which is slidably mounted on the false bottom and extends across the slide 8. This latch has a tongue 18 which is held normally in a predetermined position by a spring 19 mounted on one side of the latch and which bears at one end against the latch and at its other end against an eye 20 in which the 'latch is mounted to slide. An angular guide finger 21 extends from the false bottom 2 and engages one side of the latch, as shown in Fig. 3.
Extending within the reservoir 1 and parallel with the compartment 3 is an imperforate guide tube 22, this tube being open at its ends and disposed beyond the burner 4. Mounted to slide and rotate within the tube is a stem 23 provided at its lower end with a radial arm 24. A spring 25 connects this arm to the false bottom 2 and when the latch 17 is in its normal position, its tongue 18 can be caused to engage the free end of the arm 24, thus to hold the arm in the position shown in Fig. 3 and with its spring 25 under tension. The stem 23 has a collar 26 against which bears a spring 27 which is mounted on the stem and has its lower end bearing upon the top of the reservoir 1. Thus the stem 23 is yieldingly supported. Secured to the upper end of the stem is a pin gear 28 or the like and extending horizontally from the upper end of the stem 23 is a blade 29 the lower face of which is roughened in any preferred manner as by forming small teeth 30 upon said lower face. This blade 29 is normally positioned in a horizontal plane extending above the wick tube 5.
A post 31 is mounted on the reservoir and mounted for rotation upon the upper end portion thereof is a gear 32 to which is secured a knife blade 33. This blade is adapted to swing in a horizontal plane and to pass close to the upper end of the wick tube 5. The blade is normally positioned beyond one side of the wick tube, as shown in Fig. 2 and the pins of the gear 28 are normally out of mesh with the gear 32, as will be seen by referring to Fig. 5.
In using the apparatus herein described, the plunger 12 is drawn downwardly against the action of spring 14 and until it is completely withdrawn from the slide 8. Said slide is then withdrawn from its cleats 9, it being understood of course that the reservoir 1 is out of position within the base 2 during this operation. After the slide has been removed, the magazine is withdrawn from the compartment 3. As shown in the drawings this magazine has upper and lower parallel guide rods 34 on which followers 35 are mounted to slide, there being springs 36 on the rods for pressing the followers toward each other. Consequently when the magazine is withdrawn from the 1 gitudinally within the offset portion 11, thus lifting into the guide tube 7 the match which is located in the oHset portion 11. The upward movement of the plunger will be brought to astop by the cam 15 coming against the slide 9. vl/Vhen it is desired to light the lantern, the plunger 12 is pulled downwardly a short distance by means of the arm 13 so a to bring cam 15 below the roller 16. When the plunger is drawn to this position, the match supported thereby will move downwardly into the tube 7 as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. While the plunger 12 is being held 'in partly lowered position, the arm 24 is swung against the stress of its spring 25 so as to be engaged by the tongue 18, as shown in Fig. 3. Thus the striking plate29 will be brought to position over the tube 7. By now releasing the plunger 12, the spring 14 will draw it upwardly, thus elevating the match thereon until its head comes against the roughened portion of the striking plate 29. At the same time cam 15 will come against the roller 16 and shift the latch 17 longitudinally so as to withdraw the tongue 18 from engagement with arm 24. As soon as this arm is released spring 25 will swing it to normal position, thereby causing the stem 23 to rotate and to swing the strikin plate 29 horizontally. The roughened surface of the striking plate will cause the match to become ignited and the flame from the match will spread to the exposed end of the wick. The burned match can be left in the tube '7 and, when it is desired to extinguish the light, it i merely necessaryto pull clownwardly on the stem 23 through handle 24' thus bringing certain of the pins of the gear 28 into engagement with" gear 32. By then rotating the stem 23, gear 32 will be caused to rotate and the blade 33 will swing across i the upper end of the wick, thereby extinguishing the flame and at the same time trimming the wick. By then reversing the movement of thestem 23, the blade 33 will be returned to its initial position and spring 27 will elevate the striking plate 29 to its initial position. When it is desired again to light the lantern, the plunger 12 is drawn downwardly until its upper end is brought into position under the matches in the magazine whereupon one of the matches will be fed into the offset portion 11 and to position above the plunger. By then permitting the plunger to move upwardly, the match resting thereon and which has been forced under the previously used match before the same has had a chance to gravitate into position between the matches, will push the previously used match upwardly out of the tube 7 so that it will fall onto the reservoir 1. The plunger 12 is then lowered to bring cam 15 to position under roller 16, as shown in Fig. 1-, thus permitting the fresh match to move downwardly in the tube 7. The stem 31 is then rotated and secured in the manner hereinbefore described to bring the striking plate 29 into position above the match after which, by releasing plunger 12, the match will be raised and ignited in the manner hereinbefore set forth.
As shown in the drawings, a bracket 37 may be mounted loosely on the parts 23 and 31 so as to hold them together.
What is claimed is 1. In a lantern, a match holding compartment, a guide extending therefrom, means,
for feeding matches one at a time from said compartment and into the guide, a striking element adjacent the guide, means for lockin g said element in one position, and means operated by the match feeding means for releasing the striking element when a match is brought into position to be engaged thereby, and means for automatically actuating the match striking element when released.
2. In a lantern the combination with a fuel reservoir having a compartment therein and out of communication therewith, of a burner including a wick tube communicating with the reservoir and a guide tube extending along the wick tube and communicating with the compartment in the reservoir, a magazine within the compartment, means for feeding matches one at a time from the magazine and into the guide tube, a striking element adjacent the upper end of the guide tube, means for locking the striking element in position above the tube, and means operated by the match feeding means for releasing the striking element when a match i brought into position to be engaged thereby, and means for automatically actuating the match striking element when released.
3. The combination with a fuel reservoir, a wick tube extending therefrom, a compartment within and out of communication with the reservoir, and a guide tube communicating with the compartment and lying close to the wick tube, of means for feeding matches one at a time from the compartment and into the guide tube, a spring actuated striking element movably mounted adjacent the guide tube, means for holding said element in position over the tube, and means operated by the match feeding means for releasing the striking element automatically when a match is brought into contact therewith.
4. The combination with a fuel reservoir, a compartment therein and out of communication therewith, a wick tube extending from the reservoir, and a guide tube communicating with the compartment and close to the wick tube, of a plunger slidably mounted within the compartment for feeding matches one at a time to the guide tube,
a striking element mounted to swing across the upper end of the guide tube, means for actuating said striking element, means for holding the striking element in position above the tube, and means operated by the plunger while moving a match against the striking element, to release said element.
5. The combination with a fuel reservoir and a compartment therein but out of communication therewith, of a wick tube eX- tending from the reservoir, a guide tube communicating with the compartment and close to the wick tube, a magazine removably mounted in the compartment, a plunger mounted to slide within the magazine for directing matches one at a time into the guide tube from the magazine, means for automatically feeding matches into the path of the plunger when the plunger is retracted out of normal position, yielding means for holding the plunger normally in one position, a striking element, means for securing said element in position above the upper end of the guide tube, and means operated by the plunger while elevating a match, for releasing said striking element, and means for automatically actuating the striking element when released.
6. The combination with a fuel reservoir and a compartment therein but out of communication therewith, of a wick tube communicating with the reservoir, a guide tube communicating with the compartment and close to the wick tube, a magazine including a casing open at its ends and having a longitudinally extending ofiset portion, spring pressed followers within the magazine for supplying matches one at a time to said ofiset portion, a spring controlled plunger slidably mounted within the offset portion and normally bearing upwardly against the match to hold it within the guide tube, a striking element mounted to swing across the end of the guide tube, means for holding the striking element in position above the guide "tube, means operated by the plunger when elevating a match to release the striking element, and means for automatically actuating the striking element when released to ignite the supported match.
7. In a lantern, the combination with a fuel reservoir and a wick tube extending upwardly therefrom, of means controlled from a point under the reservoir for posil tioning matches one at a time at one side of the wick tube, means normally held against movement, for automatically igniting a match, and means for automatically releasing said igniting means when a match is brought into position for engagement thereby.
8. In a lantern, the combination with a fuel reservoir and a wick tube extending therefrom, of means controlled from a point below the reservoir for positioning matches one at a time close to the wick tube, a light extinguisher mounted to swing in a horizontal plane close to the upper end of the wick tube, said extinguisher consisting of a cutting blade, a match striking element mounted to swing above the positioned match, means for actuating said element from a point below the reservoir, and means revoluble with said striking element for actuating the light extinguishing blade.
9. In a lantern, the combination with a fuel reservoir and a wick tube extending therefrom, of means for positioning matches one at a time close to and at one side of the wick tube, a combined wick trimmer and light extinguisher mounted to swing across the upper end of the wick tube, a gear revoluble therewith, a stem slidably and revolubly mounted within and above the reservoir, a striking plate movable therewith, and a gear movable with the stem, said gear be ing normally out of mesh with the first named gear, and means below the reservoir" and connected to the stem for shifting said stem and its gear to bring the two gears 1n mesh and for rotating the stem and gears to actuate the light extinguisher.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
ROBERT V LENIS; lVitnesses:
KENNETH RAUB, JOHN M. WVRIGHT.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five fints each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. C.
US80649113A 1913-12-13 1913-12-13 Lantern. Expired - Lifetime US1090728A (en)

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