US1089367A - Trap-door. - Google Patents

Trap-door. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1089367A
US1089367A US80130513A US1913801305A US1089367A US 1089367 A US1089367 A US 1089367A US 80130513 A US80130513 A US 80130513A US 1913801305 A US1913801305 A US 1913801305A US 1089367 A US1089367 A US 1089367A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
rod
shaft
trap
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US80130513A
Inventor
Harry H Schroyer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GENERAL RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
GEN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
Original Assignee
GEN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by GEN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO filed Critical GEN RAILWAY SUPPLY CO
Priority to US80130513A priority Critical patent/US1089367A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1089367A publication Critical patent/US1089367A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D23/00Construction of steps for railway vehicles
    • B61D23/02Folding steps for railway vehicles, e.g. hand or mechanically actuated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/82Counterbalance device, per se
    • Y10T16/84Spring

Description

H. H. SGHROYER.
TRAP DOOR.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 15, 1913. 1,089,367, Patented Mar. 3, 1914.
1 I 2 BEETS-"SHEET 1.
7451 72 asses fzavenfor. m Harry .Lichrger H. H. SCHROYBR.
TRAP DOOR.
APPLIOATION FILED NOV.15, 1912.
1,089,367, Patented Mar. 3, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
- 'uzaasimazuvmw COLUMBIA PLANOORAPH COqWASHINGTON, D. c.
til -tr;
* srnrps PATENT OFFICE.
HARRY H. SCI-IROYER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TD GENERAL RAILWAY SUPPLY (10., OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
TRAP-DOOR.
oeaser.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed November 15, 1913.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, HARRY H. Sonnornn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Trap-Doors, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to that form of trap door employed in connection with vestibule cars and is used for closing the stair opening of the vestibules, to provide when desired, a flooring over the vestibule.
The objects of the present invention are to provide a means for lifting such doors by a tension operated mechanism and to construct this mechanism of a relatively few parts rendering it cheap and simple of manufacture and durable of use.
A further object of the invention is to so arrange the supporting means for the door as to permit of the removal of the door with out disturbing the position and arrangement of the door lifting mechanism.
The invention further consists in the features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a plan view of a portion of a platform of a vestibule car with the door closed and with the pants forming the subject matter of the present invention in operative position; Fig. 2 is a section taken on line 22 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrow, said figure being on an enlarged scale and with a part of the door broken out; Fig. 3 is a section 011 line 33 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow, and showing the door in raised position; Fig. 4L is a view similar to Fig. 3 showing the door in lowered position; and Fig. 5 is a section on line 5--5 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow.
The present invention, as previously stated, relates to a trap door used in connection with vestibule cars for covering the opening in the platform in which the stairs are placed. These stair openings are never intended to be exposed except during the periods when passengers are getting on and ofithe cars and the trap doors when in lowered position make a solid platform across the vestibule eliminating any danger of injury to the passengers by their falling down the stair opening. Since the openlng and closing of these doors occurs at relatively frequent intervals it is expedient to provide some means for automatically forcing the doors to open position when suitable catch mechanism is released, and the present invention deals with a new and novel arrangement by means of which this automatic opening of the door is effected.
Referring tothe drawings, and particularly to Fig. 1, a door 6 is there illustrated which can be of any suitable size and construction, and which when in closed position overlies the stair opening in the vestibule of the car. Said door may be locked in closed position by any suitable sort of catch mechanism and the door is provided on its under face (see Figs. 1 and 2) with a rib or enlargement 8 which at one end is formed to produce a trunnion 9 adapted to seat within an opening 10 in a supporting member or bracket 11, which latter is removably attached to the body f the car by suitable removable locking means as bolts 12. The trunnion 9 and socket or opening 10 form a socket and pin connection between the door and bearing 11 and this connection is of a rotatable order whereby said door revolves in said hearing as a pivot when the door moves from its open to its closed position.
The opposite end of the rib S is formed with a socket 13 which socket is of polygonal formation and receives the polygonal shaped end 1 1 of a shaft 15 which is rotatably mounted in suitable portions 16 of the car body. The shaft end 14 in conjunction with the socket 13 forms an interlocking connection between the shaft 15 and the door, and said end 141: further serves as an additional support for the door so that by means of the shaft 15 and. the bracket 11 the door is supported upon both sides and maintained in position.
The shaft 15 has a rotatable fit within the portions 16 of the car body in which it is mounted, and a collar 17 is attached to said shaft which collar, when the parts are assembled, as will be more clearly seen from Fig. 2, lies between the end of the rib 8 of the door and one of the portions 16 in which the shaft is mounted, thus when the parts are assembled the shaft is held by the collar and the door against lateral movement in either direction and said door when positioned forms in eifect the means which looks the shaft 15 in place.
The shaft has connected thereto by suitable locking means, as for instance thumb nuts 18, a sleeve 19 from which extends a crank arm 20 to which is attached one end of a rod 21, the other end of this rod is free, and adjacent said free end is formed an abutment 22. This rod passes through an opening 23 in an L-shaped plate 24, said plate being fixedly held by suitable fastening members 25 to a portion of the car structure. The plate 2-l thus serves as a guiding means and support for the rod 21 and interposed between the plate and the abutment 22 is a coil spring 26 which surrounds said rod.
When the door is in lowered position the parts assume the position shown in Fig. 1 wherein the rod is pulled back and the spring 26 compressed between the abutment 22 and the plate 24-. When the catch mechanism is released the sprin expands forcing the rod forward, carrying the crank arm forward and rotating the shaft 19 by means of the interlocking connection between said shaft and door the rotations of the shaft will turn the door about its pivotal connection with the bearing 11 and thus throw the door to the upright or open position shown in Fig. 3. The door in moving from its closed to its open position will cause a slight tilting of the rod 21 the tilting movement reach ing its greatest extent when the crank arm 20 is approximately in its truest vertical position as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 3. The rod 21 will then assume the position shown in dotted lines in this same figure, and in order to allow of this necessary tilting movement of the rod the opening 23 in the plate 24L is somewhat larger than the diameter of the rod.
The operation of this door operating mechanism is believed to have been already fully set forth and need not be explained further.
It is to be observed that the actuating parts for the door are of a relatively small number comprising only the shaft 19, the arm 20, the rod 21, the spring 26, the plate 2% which forms the guide and support for the rod and the abutment 22 for the spring. By thus reducing the parts the device is rendered very cheap and simple as well as durable in use.
In order to remove the door the bracket 11 is removed from position and the door can then be readily pulled out. It will be observed that this can be done without disturbing in any way, or removing any portion of, the door opening mechanism, thus making the operation of removing or positioning the door a quick and simple one.
As stated, when the door is in place it serves to lock all of the operative parts in position so that a disarrangement of the same is rendered improbable under ordinary usage.
I claim:
1. In a device of the class described, the combination of a door, a pivotal mounting for the door, mechanism for raising the door comprising a crank operatively connected to the door, a rod connected at one end to the crank and having its other end free, a sta tionary guide member for the rod located in termediate its ends, an abutment adjacent the free end of the rod and a tension memher about said rod interposed between the guide member and abutment, substantially as described.
2. In a device of the class described, the combination of a door, a pivotal mounting for the door, mechanism for raising the door comprising a crank operatively connected to the door, a rod connected at one end to the crank, and having its other end free, a stationary plate located intermediate the ends of the rod, said plate having an opening through which the rod passes, an abutment adjacent the free end of the rod and tension means about said rod and interposed be tween the plate and abutment, substantially as described.
3. In a device of the class described, the combination of a door, means for supporting the door, comprising a removable supporting member in which the door is pivotally mounted and a rotatable supporting member having an interlocking connection with the door, said door when positioned serving to hold said rotatable supporting member in pcsitiOn and tension actuated means for rotating said rotatable support to move the door to raised position, substantially as described.
a. In a device of the class described, the combination of a door, means for supporting the door comprising a removable supporting member in which the door is pivotally mounted, a shaft forming a second supporting member for the door, said shaft having an interlocking connection with the door, a fixed bearing for said shaft a collar on said shaft lying when the parts are assembled between said fixed bearing and the end of the door and tension actuated means open atively connected for rotating said shaft to open the door, substantially as described.
HARRY n. sonnovnn, lVitnesses: VVM. P. Bonn, j
SAMUEL W. BANNING. I
Copies of this parent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Estonia, Washington, D. G.
US80130513A 1913-11-15 1913-11-15 Trap-door. Expired - Lifetime US1089367A (en)

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US80130513A US1089367A (en) 1913-11-15 1913-11-15 Trap-door.

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US80130513A US1089367A (en) 1913-11-15 1913-11-15 Trap-door.

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US1089367A true US1089367A (en) 1914-03-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2568038A (en) * 1947-05-09 1951-09-18 Lambert J Tillman Door mechanism for railway cars
US3216373A (en) * 1963-12-16 1965-11-09 Pullman Inc Bridge plate counterbalance device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2568038A (en) * 1947-05-09 1951-09-18 Lambert J Tillman Door mechanism for railway cars
US3216373A (en) * 1963-12-16 1965-11-09 Pullman Inc Bridge plate counterbalance device

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