US1088239A - Floatable foundation for buildings. - Google Patents

Floatable foundation for buildings. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1088239A
US1088239A US75150213A US1913751502A US1088239A US 1088239 A US1088239 A US 1088239A US 75150213 A US75150213 A US 75150213A US 1913751502 A US1913751502 A US 1913751502A US 1088239 A US1088239 A US 1088239A
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Prior art keywords
platform
foundation
shells
walls
roof
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US75150213A
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Robert Paine
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Robert Paine
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B5/00Hulls characterised by their construction of non-metallic material
    • B63B5/14Hulls characterised by their construction of non-metallic material made predominantly of concrete, e.g. reinforced
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/44Floating buildings, stores, drilling platforms, or workshops, e.g. carrying water-oil separating devices
    • B63B2035/4426Stationary floating buildings for human use, e.g. floating dwellings or floating restaurants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation

Description

R. PAINE. FLOATABIQE FOUNDATION FOR BUILDINGS.
APPLIOATION FILED MAR.1, 1913.
1,088,239. Patented Feb. 24, 1914,
7. Z 2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
WITNESSES: a LVVENTOR.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ROBERT PAINE, OF WEST HOBOKEN, NEW JERSEY.
FLOATABLE FOUNDATION FOR BUILDINGS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb.24, 1914.
Application filed march 1, 1913. Serial No. 751,502.
' turecomposed of concrete or artificial stone,
that may be suitably] reinforced and which is shaped so as to. be floatable.
The present invention is an improvement on the structure set forth in an application Serial No. 699,603, filed by me, wherein a similar construction is set forth.
In the present invention the foundation is formed of spaced walls thereby providing one or a number of closed compartments that will increase the buoyancyof the structure; and which foundation is provided with a central floor or stage in the interior that may be surrounded-by annular rows of tiers, forming seats or which may be provided with chairs or benches.
In the accompanying drawing showing one embodiment of my invention: Figure 1' is a vertical section through the foundation showing a superstructure thereon. Fig. 2 is a broken cross section as indicated on the line 22 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a view substantially similar to Fig. 1 but as taken at right angles thereto, and showing a slightmodification in the construction of the floatable foundation. Referring to the drawings the structure is shown as provided with a foundation composed of an outer curved or spherical wall 7, and an inner curved or spherical'wall 8 that are shown as united at the central bottom portion 9; all of the walls or parts of the structure (or most of them) are formed of artificial stone orv concrete of any desired composition; and the same may be suitably reinforced in any desired manner, but the reinforcement is not shown in the drawing. These curved walls are connected at the top by a wall or portion 10 shown in the form of a horizontal annular platform; and the outer portion of the lower walls 7 has a vertical extension or wall 12 of cylindrical contour, that connects with the outer portion of the plat-form 10. If desired afender or buffer 13 may be provided at the outer portion of the wall 10 for the purpose of relieving any sharp blow'sthat the structure may sustain, which fender may be constructed of wood or metal or of any desired cushioning material. The space between these walls or shells 7 and 8, including'the platform 10 and the cylindrical wall 12, constitutes a closed compartment that will greatly increase the buoyancy of the structure.- These walls are further strengthened by a series of radial walls 14, forming a series of closed divisional compartments '32 bet-ween these partitions; that will make for safety, as should any one or a few of these compartments be punctured admitting the water, the remaining ones would serve to still float the structure.
At the central interior portion of the inner shell 8 is provided a circular floor or stage 15. The inner shell between the stage 15 at the bottom, and the upper platform 10, may be provided with alternate treads and risers 30, thereby forming annular tiers; that may themselves constitute seats, or may have chairs or benches placed thereon, to
thereby constitute a kind of amphitheater.
The structure is shown provided with a top member of annular form, denoted generally by 17 thatis suitably supported from the platform 10 by upright members. An annular series of posts 18 are shown forming the supports for the roof 17. And an annular vertical wall 19 is .provided conmeeting the platform and the roof, inside of the posts 18; the wall being provided with doors 20 at suitable locations, such as the aisles 30.
At one side the platform 10 has an ex-:
tension 21, and above the same a similar extension isprovided for the roof, thereby forming a portico, that may be the entrance for the structure. It will: be observed that the posts 22 atthis portion extend in, a vertical plane. y
The roof 17 is shown as composed of an upper wall 23, and an inner annular wall 24 spaced therefrom providing a compartment 25. The roof may be provided with a central opening at 26. Y
This foundation may constitute a floating support for a structure which may be advantageously employed as-a' theater, studio, bath,wcrkshop, storage or a building for other uses; the purposev of the invention being to provide a fioatable foundation which by reason of its cheapness of construction and durability, and the practicability of keeping in condition and repair renders cheap or otherwise unavailable sites available for building purposes.
In Fig. 3 the foundation is shown in substance the same as Fig. 2, but having intermediate between the lower and upper partially spherical walls, a wall 28 which construction in conjunction with the radial partitions producing upper 'and lower series of inclosed compartments,the portion of the structure below the intermediate wall and the inclosed compartments thereabove serving as a guard and protection to the latter portion of the structure and rendering the foundation entirely safe even if some portions of the lower shell become broken or perforated.
Having 1 thus described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A building structure having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced.curved Walls forming inner and outer shells, the walls being connected at the upper portion by an annular horizontal platform, upright members on the platform, and a roof member carried by the upright members.
2. A building structure having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, the walls being connected at the upper portion by an annular horizontal platform, upright members on the platform, a roof member carried by the upright members, and aplatform on the central inner part of the inner shell at its lower portion.
3. A building structure of concrete or artificial stone having a basin shaped foundation formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, 1
the walls being joined at the central portion, the shells being connected at the upper portion by an annular horizontal platform, upright members on the platform, and a roof member carried by the upright members.
4. A building structure of concrete or artificial stone having a basin shaped foundation formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, the walls being joined at the central portion, the shells being connected at the upper portion by an annular horizontal platform, upright members on' the platform, and a roof member carried by the upright members, said shells being connected by radial upright Walls extending to the platform.
5. A building structure of concrete or artificial stone -t'rizg a basin shaped foundation formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, the walls being joined at the central portion, the shells being connected at the upper por-. tion by an annular horizontal platform, up-
right members on the platform, and a roof member carried by the upright members, the roof being connected with the platform by a vertical wall of cylindricalform.
6. A building structure having a fioatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells that are connected at the central portion at the base and also connected at the to portions, the top of the inner shell being provided with alternate treads and risers to form tiers.
7. A building structure having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells that are connected at the central portion at the base and also connected at the top portions, a stage at the central inner part of the inner shell at its lower portion, the inner shell beyond the stage being provided with alternate treads and risers form ing tiers.
8. A building structure-having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or aring tiers, upright members at the top of the shell portions, and a roof member carried by the upright members.
9. A building structure having a 'floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, the walls being connected at the upper portion by an'annular horizontal platform, upright members on the platform, a roof member carried by the upright members, the platform and the roof having registering extensions forming a portico.
10. A building structure of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells that are connected at the central portion, a horizontal platform of annular sha e at the top of the inner and outer shells, tiie outer shell having a vertical cylindrical extension connecting with the platform, a stage at the central inner part of the inner shell at its lower portion, the inner shell beyond the stage being provided with alternate treads and risers forming tiers, radial walls connecting the two shells and the an- 11. A building structure of concrete or artificial stone formed with a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, an annular horizontal platform con,- necting the upper portions of the shells, an upright annular wall at the'inner portion of the platform provideo with doorways, a
. series of posts on the platform and a roof member supported on said posts and cent walls.
12. A building structure having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or artificial stone, composed of a plurality of spaced curved walls forming inner and outer shells, and whichconverge downwardly to a common central portion at the bottom.-
adjaing witnesses.
13. A building structure having a floatable basin shaped foundation of concrete or ROBERT PAINE. Witnesses: f
SornmTmrrmn,
WILLIAM C. GAINS.
a horizontal plat-form, 25
US75150213A 1913-03-01 1913-03-01 Floatable foundation for buildings. Expired - Lifetime US1088239A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2715756A (en) * 1952-11-05 1955-08-23 Carver Richard William Floatable, flood resistant building
US2761181A (en) * 1948-06-26 1956-09-04 Ralph E Legeman Gymnasium construction
US3581692A (en) * 1969-01-31 1971-06-01 Domenico Mortellito Amphibious structure
US3599589A (en) * 1967-12-29 1971-08-17 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Earthquake-resistant nuclear reactor station
US3748800A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-07-31 R Glicksberg Earthquake-insulation foundations
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
US4009675A (en) * 1973-11-16 1977-03-01 Nikolaus Waki Zollner Float device with at least one float body
US4228788A (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-10-21 John Moeser Self-contained all-terrain living apparatus
US4565149A (en) * 1982-03-11 1986-01-21 Richard Clasky Semi-submergible spherical residential structure
US5605021A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-02-25 Thomann; Bernard Earthquake-proof building
US5946865A (en) * 1995-12-07 1999-09-07 Raychman; Leon Dynamic building support structure and method for building the same
US6073573A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-06-13 Gruber; Matthew Floating multi-unit dwelling
US6401647B1 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-06-11 Lorenzo E. Boston Floatation building structure
US20030075092A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Laurent Mermier, Joel Bretecher, And Chantiers De L'atlantique Wide cruise ship or pleasure boat
US20030075090A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Laurent Mermier, Joel Bretecher, And Chantiers De L'atlantique Wide pleasure boat or cruise ship
FR2834687A1 (en) * 2002-01-11 2003-07-18 Denis Laming Cruise ship with improved structure houses rows of cabins on several decks and has hull extended upwards along two overhanging sides with V-shaped section housing part of cabin rows and leaving widely open central space
US20050086875A1 (en) * 2003-10-28 2005-04-28 Holler Max M. Multi-chambered structure
WO2009101462A2 (en) * 2008-02-14 2009-08-20 Omran Al Hallami Round or oval shaped floating platform
US20110064520A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2011-03-17 Bergstroem Richard Device for preventing ice formation on a surface layer
US20120279490A1 (en) * 2009-12-29 2012-11-08 Create Technologies, Inc. Wave generated energy focusing lens and reflector for solar concentration, collection, and harnessing
CN103748007A (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-04-23 Stx造船海洋株式会社 Cruise ship
US20160069097A1 (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-03-10 Pattern Design Limited A stand for a stadium, and a method for determining the stand configuration

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2761181A (en) * 1948-06-26 1956-09-04 Ralph E Legeman Gymnasium construction
US2715756A (en) * 1952-11-05 1955-08-23 Carver Richard William Floatable, flood resistant building
US3599589A (en) * 1967-12-29 1971-08-17 Mc Donnell Douglas Corp Earthquake-resistant nuclear reactor station
US3581692A (en) * 1969-01-31 1971-06-01 Domenico Mortellito Amphibious structure
US3748800A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-07-31 R Glicksberg Earthquake-insulation foundations
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
US4009675A (en) * 1973-11-16 1977-03-01 Nikolaus Waki Zollner Float device with at least one float body
US4228788A (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-10-21 John Moeser Self-contained all-terrain living apparatus
US4565149A (en) * 1982-03-11 1986-01-21 Richard Clasky Semi-submergible spherical residential structure
US5605021A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-02-25 Thomann; Bernard Earthquake-proof building
US5946865A (en) * 1995-12-07 1999-09-07 Raychman; Leon Dynamic building support structure and method for building the same
US6073573A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-06-13 Gruber; Matthew Floating multi-unit dwelling
US6401647B1 (en) * 2001-01-12 2002-06-11 Lorenzo E. Boston Floatation building structure
US20030075092A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Laurent Mermier, Joel Bretecher, And Chantiers De L'atlantique Wide cruise ship or pleasure boat
US20030075090A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Laurent Mermier, Joel Bretecher, And Chantiers De L'atlantique Wide pleasure boat or cruise ship
US20070022932A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2007-02-01 Chantiers De L'atlantique Wide pleasure boat or cruise ship
US7156031B2 (en) 2001-10-23 2007-01-02 Laurent Mermier Wide pleasure boat or cruise ship
US6755143B2 (en) * 2001-10-23 2004-06-29 Laurent Mermier Wide cruise ship or pleasure boat
FR2834687A1 (en) * 2002-01-11 2003-07-18 Denis Laming Cruise ship with improved structure houses rows of cabins on several decks and has hull extended upwards along two overhanging sides with V-shaped section housing part of cabin rows and leaving widely open central space
US20050086875A1 (en) * 2003-10-28 2005-04-28 Holler Max M. Multi-chambered structure
WO2009101462A2 (en) * 2008-02-14 2009-08-20 Omran Al Hallami Round or oval shaped floating platform
WO2009101462A3 (en) * 2008-02-14 2009-11-05 Omran Al Hallami Round or oval shaped floating platform
US20110064520A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2011-03-17 Bergstroem Richard Device for preventing ice formation on a surface layer
US10359214B2 (en) 2009-12-29 2019-07-23 OAS Design Group, Inc. Wave generated energy focusing lens and reflector for solar concentration, collection, and harnessing
US20120279490A1 (en) * 2009-12-29 2012-11-08 Create Technologies, Inc. Wave generated energy focusing lens and reflector for solar concentration, collection, and harnessing
US9360235B2 (en) * 2009-12-29 2016-06-07 OAS Design Group, Inc. Wave generated energy focusing lens and reflector for solar concentration, collection, and harnessing
US20140123887A1 (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-05-08 Stx Offshore & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. Cruise ship
EP2727814A4 (en) * 2011-06-28 2016-01-13 Stx Offshore&Shipbuilding Co Ltd Cruise ship
US9061745B2 (en) * 2011-06-28 2015-06-23 Stx Offshore & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. Cruise ship
CN103748007A (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-04-23 Stx造船海洋株式会社 Cruise ship
US20160069097A1 (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-03-10 Pattern Design Limited A stand for a stadium, and a method for determining the stand configuration
US10538931B2 (en) * 2013-04-12 2020-01-21 Pattern Design Limited Stand for a stadium, and a method for determining the stand configuration

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