US1087845A - Salvarsan-needle. - Google Patents

Salvarsan-needle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1087845A
US1087845A US1913779256A US1087845A US 1087845 A US1087845 A US 1087845A US 1913779256 A US1913779256 A US 1913779256A US 1087845 A US1087845 A US 1087845A
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Prior art keywords
cannula
needle
sheath
vein
air
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
James H Stevens
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James H Stevens
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0113Mechanical advancing means, e.g. catheter dispensers

Description

J. H. STEVENS. SALVARSAN NEEDLE.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 16, 1913 1,087,845., Patented Feb. 17, 1914.

7 4 I Flg'l', 8 :0 n 6 g j 1 ,I/ W W 7W 2 5 9 Fig.2.

Inventor.

-' James H. STevens,

byMWJW AIIy's.

COLUMBIA PLANbGRAPH co., WASHINGTON. D4 4:.

FTQE.

JAMES H. STEVENS, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

SALVARSAN-NEEDLE.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, JAMES H. STEVENS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Boston, county of Suffolk, State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in Salvarsan-Needles, of which the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawing, is a specification, like characters on the drawing representing like parts.

This invention relates to so-called salvarsan needles which are used for puncturing the vein of a person for the purpose of introducing a fluid thereinto and it has particular reference to a cannula needle of this type.

The object of the invention is to provide a novel construction by which the desired fluid can be injected into the vein without danger that any air will be sucked through the needle into the vein during this operation.

I will first describe some selected embodiments of my invention from which the principle thereof will be readily ascertained and T will then point out the novel features of the invention in the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through a needle embodying my invention showing the parts in position for being inserted into the vein. Fig. 2 is a similar section showing the cannula moved forward into position to protect the point of the needle, which is the position of the parts when the fluid is being inserted. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a different embodiment of the invention. Fig. 4 is a section on the line w09, Fig. 3.

The needle herein illustrated comprises a tubular sheath 1 having a point 2 and cutting edge 3 at one end and blunt ended cannula 4t which is slidably mounted in the sheath and is provided with an axial duct 5 through which the liquid is introduced into the vein. The cannula is connected to a tube 6 leading to the receptacle or other apparatus containing the fluid tobe injected, such apparatus not being shown herein because it may be of any approved type and forms no part of the present invention. The cannula i is of such length that when it is fully inserted into the sheath the blunt end 7 thereof will extend slightly beyond the point 2 of the sheath and thus protect the latter.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed July 16, 1913.

Patented Feb. TW, T214.

Serial No. 779,256.

position shown in Fig. 2 thereby protecting the point 2 and cutting edge 3 so as to make it impossible for the physician to accidentally puncture the wall of the vein, and then the fluid is allowed to flow into the vein through the duct 5 of the cannula.

In the use of needles of this type it is extremely important that no air should be allowed to enter the vein for such an occurrence produces disastrous effects upon the patient. As stated above it is the object of my invention to provide a novel needle of this type which is provided with means that will exclude the possibility of air entering between the sheath and the cannula thus permitting the needle to be used with no danger of introducing any air into the vein. The drawings show the preferred construc tion by which this object is accomplished and on referring to them it will be seen that the rear or base end of the sheath 1 is provided with an enlarged. chamber 8 and that the rear end of the cannula is provided with the enlarged portion 9 which accurately fits the chamber 8. The sheath is also provided with a shoulder 10 at the outer end of the chamber 8 and the cannula l is provided with a cooperating shoulder 11 which is so situated that it will engage the shoulder 10 when the cannula is fully inserted into the sheath. The portion 9 of the cannula is made so as to accurately it the interior wall of the chamber 8, thereby providing an air tight joint between the cannula and the sheath.

Means are provided for locking the cannula in either its retracted or projected position and in Figs. 1 and 2 this means is shown as a set screw 12 screwed into the wall of the chamber 8 and adapted to engage the portion 9 of the cannula. In Figs. 3 and i I have shown a slightly different construction wherein a pinion 13 is journaled in the sheath and is adapted to engage annular teeth lt formed on the end of the cannula. The pinion 13 is mounted on a shaft 15 pro vided with a thumb piece 16 by which it may be turned.

In using the device the physician first withdraws the cannula so as to uncover the cutting edge 3 and point 2 of the sheath as shown in Fig. 1 and then locks the cannula in such position. The fiuid is then allowed to flow from the apparatus or reservoir until all air is expelled from the tube 6, duct 5 and chamber 8. If desired, the needle may be inserted into a body of fiuid when the cannula is withdrawn so that the act of withdrawing the cannula will fill the cham ber .S with the fluid. In any event, after all air has been expelled from the ducts and chambers in the needle then the needle is inserted into the vein of the patient and as soon as blood appears in the glass-indicating tube of the apparatus, the set screw 12 is loosened and the cannula is pushed for ward into the position shown in Fig. 2 thereby protecting the point 2 and cutting edge 3 of the needle. lVhen the cannula is in this position it obviates the possibility of the wall 01" the vein being punctured by the needle during the subsequent manipulation of the device. As soon as the cannula has been pushed forward into the position shown in Fig. 2 the set-screw 12 is tightened and the fluid to be inserted into the vein is allowed to fiow through the tube (3 and duct- 5 of the cannula and when a sufiicient amount of fluid has been injected, the needle is withdrawn. When the cannula is in its forward position as shown in Fig. 2 the engagement of the shoulders 10 and 11 together with the snug fit between the part 9 of the cannula and the interior wall of the chamber 8 maize an air tight joint which prevents any air from being sucked into the vein between the cannula and sheath.

In using the device shown in Figs. 3 and 1, the operator withdraws the cannula by turning the thumb wheel 16 and then holding the cannula in its withdrawn position by means of the thumb wheel until the needle is inserted into the vein when the cannula is advanced by turning the thumb wheel and is held in its advanced position by applying pressure to the thumb wheel. In other respects the invention shown in Figs. 3 and 4t is similar to that described in Figs. 1 and 2.

While I have illustrated one embodiment of my invention, yet I do not wish to be limited to the constructional features shown.

Having fully described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a salvarsan needle, the combination with a sheath having a pointed end presenting a cutting edge and also having an enlarged chamber at its rear end, of a bluntended cannula slidable in said sheath and having at its rear end a portion of enlarged diameter which accurately fits the chamber in the sheath and constitutes an air-tight joint between the sheath and the cannula which will prevent any air from being sucked into the vein through the needle.

2. In a salvarsan needle, the combination with a sheath having a pointed end presenting a cutting edge and also having an enlarged chamber at its rear end and a shoulder at the outer end of the chamber, of a bluntended cannula slidable in said sheath and having at its rear end a portion of enlarged diameter which accurately fits the chamber in the sheath and also having a shoulder sition to protect the point of the sheath when the cannula is moved forward into position to protect the point of the sheath whereby an air tight joint will be presented which will prevent air from being sucked into the vein through the needle.

3. In a salvarsan needle the combination with a sheath having a pointed end and presenting a cutting edge and also having an enlarged chamber at its rear end, of a bluntended cannula slidable in said sheath and having at its rear end a portion of enlarged diameter which accurately fits the chamber in the sheath whereby when the needle has been inserted into the vein and the cannula has been moved forward to protect the point of the sheath an air-tight joint is presented between the sheath and the cannula which will prevent any air from being sucked into the vein through the needle, and means to lock the cannula in either of its two.positions.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesse JAMES H. STEVENS.

\Vitnesses LOUIS 0. SMITH, Tnonas J. DRUMMOND.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents Washington, D. G.

It is hereby certified that in Letters Patent No. 1,087,815, granted February 17, 1914, upon the application of James H. Stevens, of Boston, Massachusetts, for an improvement in Salvarsan-Needles, an error appears in the printed specification requiring correction as follows: Page 2, line 7 9, for the Words sition to protect the point read which engages the shoulder; and that the said Letters Patent should be read With this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Olfice.

Signed and sealed this 31st day of March, A. 1)., 1914.

J. T.- NEWTON,

[SEAL] Acting Commissioner of Patente.

US1087845A 1913-07-16 1913-07-16 Salvarsan-needle. Expired - Lifetime US1087845A (en)

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US1087845A US1087845A (en) 1913-07-16 1913-07-16 Salvarsan-needle.

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Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566499A (en) * 1950-02-14 1951-09-04 Richter Bruno Expansile surgical needle
US2623521A (en) * 1951-03-12 1952-12-30 Rose Shaw Indicating stylet needle
US2623520A (en) * 1950-03-08 1952-12-30 Jr Joseph C Bamford Hypodermic needle
US2666435A (en) * 1950-12-19 1954-01-19 Schering Ag Surgical injection device
US3347232A (en) * 1965-04-26 1967-10-17 Ginsburg Abraham Hypodermic needle with retractable tip
US3438373A (en) * 1966-03-21 1969-04-15 Voys Inc Le Catheter placement unit with unidirectional locking means to prevent catheter retraction
US3822697A (en) * 1973-03-20 1974-07-09 Olympus Optical Co Envelope of an endoscope
US4144884A (en) * 1976-03-29 1979-03-20 Tersteegen Bernd J W Double lumen catheter
DE3006291A1 (en) * 1979-02-20 1980-08-28 Terumo Corp Intravascular catheter device
US4240433A (en) * 1977-07-22 1980-12-23 Bordow Richard A Fluid aspiration device and technique for reducing the risk of complications
US4940458A (en) * 1989-02-02 1990-07-10 Cohn Arnold K Epidural needle placement system
WO1992011882A1 (en) * 1990-12-27 1992-07-23 Inbae Yoon Safety needle
US5226426A (en) * 1990-12-18 1993-07-13 Inbae Yoon Safety penetrating instrument
DE4229310A1 (en) * 1992-09-02 1994-03-10 Winter & Ibe Olympus Medical instrument for creating a tissue conduit
US5300046A (en) * 1992-03-30 1994-04-05 Symbiosis Corporation Thoracentesis sheath catheter assembly
US5346498A (en) * 1991-11-06 1994-09-13 Imagyn Medical, Inc. Controller for manipulation of instruments within a catheter
US5350356A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-09-27 Symbiosis Corporation Endoscopic suction-irrigation instrument with insertable probe lockable in partially withdraw position
US5374252A (en) * 1991-12-13 1994-12-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Locking pneumoneedle
US5389100A (en) * 1991-11-06 1995-02-14 Imagyn Medical, Inc. Controller for manipulation of instruments within a catheter
US5401247A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-03-28 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument
US5431635A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-07-11 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument having a triggered safety member for establishing an endoscopic portal in an anatomical cavity wall
US5466224A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-11-14 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument having a triggered portal sleeve for establishing an endoscopic portal in an anatomical cavity wall
US5569289A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-10-29 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protusion
US5571134A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-05 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member and safety member moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5573545A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-12 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with safety member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered cannula and/or safety member protrusion
US5575804A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-19 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5578053A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-26 Yoon; Inbae Safety needle instrument having a triggered safety member
US5584848A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-12-17 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member, safety member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5645556A (en) * 1990-12-18 1997-07-08 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with triggered penetrating member retraction and single or multiple safety member protrusion
US5645557A (en) * 1990-12-18 1997-07-08 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with triggered penetrating member retraction and safety member protrusion
US5685852A (en) * 1992-03-30 1997-11-11 Symbiosis Corporation Needle assembly and methods useful for epidural anesthesia
US5743883A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-04-28 Visconti; Peter L. Thoracentesis catheter instruments having self-sealing valves
US6217556B1 (en) 1998-03-19 2001-04-17 Allegiance Corporation Drainage catheter
US6267750B1 (en) 1998-07-15 2001-07-31 Dsu Medical Corporation Set with angled needle
US20040243023A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 Grigoryants Sergey S Transbronchial needle aspiration device
WO2005112824A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-12-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc Stent delivery handle and assembly formed therewith
US7530987B1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2009-05-12 Cardica, Inc. Surgical tool for creating an incision in a tubular vessel
US20090234274A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2009-09-17 Luloh K Peter Retractable Tip For Vitrectomy tool
US20100241141A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2010-09-23 Lee Heeyoung Tools for fiber reinforced anti-compressive adherent suture method
US20110071476A1 (en) * 2009-09-21 2011-03-24 Mueller Jeffrey T Safety syringe
US20120259355A1 (en) * 2011-04-08 2012-10-11 Kyphon Sarl Retractable inflatable bone tamp

Cited By (57)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2566499A (en) * 1950-02-14 1951-09-04 Richter Bruno Expansile surgical needle
US2623520A (en) * 1950-03-08 1952-12-30 Jr Joseph C Bamford Hypodermic needle
US2666435A (en) * 1950-12-19 1954-01-19 Schering Ag Surgical injection device
US2623521A (en) * 1951-03-12 1952-12-30 Rose Shaw Indicating stylet needle
US3347232A (en) * 1965-04-26 1967-10-17 Ginsburg Abraham Hypodermic needle with retractable tip
US3438373A (en) * 1966-03-21 1969-04-15 Voys Inc Le Catheter placement unit with unidirectional locking means to prevent catheter retraction
US3822697A (en) * 1973-03-20 1974-07-09 Olympus Optical Co Envelope of an endoscope
US4144884A (en) * 1976-03-29 1979-03-20 Tersteegen Bernd J W Double lumen catheter
US4240433A (en) * 1977-07-22 1980-12-23 Bordow Richard A Fluid aspiration device and technique for reducing the risk of complications
DE3006291A1 (en) * 1979-02-20 1980-08-28 Terumo Corp Intravascular catheter device
US4314555A (en) * 1979-02-20 1982-02-09 Terumo Corporation Intravascular catheter assembly
US4940458A (en) * 1989-02-02 1990-07-10 Cohn Arnold K Epidural needle placement system
US5401247A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-03-28 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument
US5226426A (en) * 1990-12-18 1993-07-13 Inbae Yoon Safety penetrating instrument
US5645556A (en) * 1990-12-18 1997-07-08 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with triggered penetrating member retraction and single or multiple safety member protrusion
US5586991A (en) * 1990-12-18 1996-12-24 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument
US5807402A (en) * 1990-12-18 1998-09-15 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with protective sheath, triggered penetrating member retraction and single and safety member protrusion
US5569288A (en) * 1990-12-18 1996-10-29 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument
US5549564A (en) * 1990-12-18 1996-08-27 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument
US5466224A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-11-14 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument having a triggered portal sleeve for establishing an endoscopic portal in an anatomical cavity wall
US5431635A (en) * 1990-12-18 1995-07-11 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument having a triggered safety member for establishing an endoscopic portal in an anatomical cavity wall
US5645557A (en) * 1990-12-18 1997-07-08 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with triggered penetrating member retraction and safety member protrusion
WO1992011882A1 (en) * 1990-12-27 1992-07-23 Inbae Yoon Safety needle
US5292310A (en) * 1990-12-27 1994-03-08 Inbae Yoon Safety needle
US5637096A (en) * 1990-12-27 1997-06-10 Yoon; Inbae Safety needle
US5346498A (en) * 1991-11-06 1994-09-13 Imagyn Medical, Inc. Controller for manipulation of instruments within a catheter
US5389100A (en) * 1991-11-06 1995-02-14 Imagyn Medical, Inc. Controller for manipulation of instruments within a catheter
US5374252A (en) * 1991-12-13 1994-12-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Locking pneumoneedle
US5685852A (en) * 1992-03-30 1997-11-11 Symbiosis Corporation Needle assembly and methods useful for epidural anesthesia
US5300046A (en) * 1992-03-30 1994-04-05 Symbiosis Corporation Thoracentesis sheath catheter assembly
DE4229310A1 (en) * 1992-09-02 1994-03-10 Winter & Ibe Olympus Medical instrument for creating a tissue conduit
US5350356A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-09-27 Symbiosis Corporation Endoscopic suction-irrigation instrument with insertable probe lockable in partially withdraw position
US5575804A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-19 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5584848A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-12-17 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member, safety member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5571134A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-05 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member and safety member moving during penetration and triggered safety member protrusion
US5573545A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-12 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with safety member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered cannula and/or safety member protrusion
US5569289A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-10-29 Yoon; Inbae Safety penetrating instrument with penetrating member and cannula moving during penetration and triggered safety member protusion
US5578053A (en) * 1993-06-24 1996-11-26 Yoon; Inbae Safety needle instrument having a triggered safety member
US5743883A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-04-28 Visconti; Peter L. Thoracentesis catheter instruments having self-sealing valves
US6217556B1 (en) 1998-03-19 2001-04-17 Allegiance Corporation Drainage catheter
US6530911B1 (en) 1998-07-15 2003-03-11 Dsu Medical Corporation Set with angled needle
US6267750B1 (en) 1998-07-15 2001-07-31 Dsu Medical Corporation Set with angled needle
US7530987B1 (en) * 2002-04-24 2009-05-12 Cardica, Inc. Surgical tool for creating an incision in a tubular vessel
US7758514B2 (en) 2003-05-30 2010-07-20 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Transbronchial needle aspiration device
US8308655B2 (en) * 2003-05-30 2012-11-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Transbronchial needle aspiration device
US20100280411A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2010-11-04 Grigoryants Sergey S Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Device
US7625346B2 (en) 2003-05-30 2009-12-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Transbronchial needle aspiration device
US20040243023A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 Grigoryants Sergey S Transbronchial needle aspiration device
WO2005112824A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-12-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc Stent delivery handle and assembly formed therewith
US20090234274A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2009-09-17 Luloh K Peter Retractable Tip For Vitrectomy tool
US8216246B2 (en) * 2006-08-09 2012-07-10 Insight Instruments Inc. Retractable tip for vitrectomy tool
US8608753B2 (en) 2006-08-09 2013-12-17 Insight Instruments, Inc. Retractable tip for vitrectomy tool
US20100241141A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2010-09-23 Lee Heeyoung Tools for fiber reinforced anti-compressive adherent suture method
US9393013B2 (en) * 2007-05-08 2016-07-19 Heeyoung Lee Lee Tools for fiber reinforced anti-compressive adherent suture method
US8092424B2 (en) 2009-09-21 2012-01-10 Mueller Jeffrey T Safety syringe
US20110071476A1 (en) * 2009-09-21 2011-03-24 Mueller Jeffrey T Safety syringe
US20120259355A1 (en) * 2011-04-08 2012-10-11 Kyphon Sarl Retractable inflatable bone tamp

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