US1084435A - Apparatus for marking warp-threads. - Google Patents

Apparatus for marking warp-threads. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1084435A
US1084435A US79214113A US1913792141A US1084435A US 1084435 A US1084435 A US 1084435A US 79214113 A US79214113 A US 79214113A US 1913792141 A US1913792141 A US 1913792141A US 1084435 A US1084435 A US 1084435A
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Prior art keywords
marking
shaft
roll
frame
threads
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US79214113A
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Charles D Honiker
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FULTON BAG AND COTTON MILLS Co
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FULTON BAG AND COTTON MILLS CO
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Priority to US79214113A priority Critical patent/US1084435A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H20/00Advancing webs
    • B65H20/02Advancing webs by friction roller
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F13/00Common details of rotary presses or machines
    • B41F13/02Conveying or guiding webs through presses or machines

Description

C. D. HONIKER. APPARATUS FOR MARKING WARP THREADS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 27, 1913.
Patented Jan. 13, 1914.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
INVENTOR u L. 17. 71 071113167 Maw/%d'% ATTORNEYS G. D. HONIKER.
APPARATUS FOR MARKING WARP THREADS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 27, 1913.
Patented Jan. 13; 1914. 7
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
IIVVENTOR G17. flan/tine?- A NORA/5V6. 7
cu UMBIA PLANounAPu C0.,WASHINU\'0N. D. c.
G. D. HONIKER.
APPARATUS FOR MARKING WARP THREADS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 27, 1913 8 SHEETS-SHEET 8.
El 47.46 48 g COLUMBIA PLANDORAPH IO-,WASHINOTON, u. c.
UNITED STATES Pdrll lEltl lil @FFTQE.
CHARLES D. I-IONIKER, OF ATLANTA, GEORGIA. ASSIGNOR. T0 FULTON BAG AND COTTON MILLS (30., OF ATLANTA, GEORGIA.
APPARATUS FOR MARKING WARP-THREADS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented J an. 13, 1914.
To all who 11bit may concern:
Be it known that 1, CHARLES I). Homnnn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Atlanta, in the county of Fulton and State of Georgia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Marking arp-Threads; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The present invention relates to apparatus for marking or printing warp threads while the same are being wound onto the beam preparatory to being placed on the loom for weaving into fabric, and has for its purpose to provide an arrangement whereby the impression or marking on the yarn will show in the cloth when taken from the loom, thus enabling the separation of different styles of fabrics of similar width, or appearance, for all subsequent processes.
In the process of cloth manufacture, yarn is wound from small spools about a" X (3 in size onto section beams, or large spools, about 5% X 26" in size. The threads from as many as 500 spools being sometimes wound on one section beam simultaneously, being properly spaced to make an even layer over full length of beam. These beams when completed will contain as many as 500 ends (or spools), each several thousand yards in length. In preparing warps for cloth, a certain number of these beams are selected to give the proper number of ends for the kind of cloth intended to be made. Thus, if cloth is to be made 28" wide and to have (it threads per inch in warp, enough beams would be selected to make EZSXGd: 1792 ends, or four beams of 4l98 ends each. These four beams would be set into a slasher frame creel and yarn unwound from them simultaneously and combined into a sheet of parallel threads, then carried through a series of rolls into a trough containing a starch mixture, then over the copper cylinder of the slasher into which steam is admitted for the purpose of drying surplus moisture out of yarn after being starched. The yarn after being dried in this way passes over a measuring roller having a known circumference and connected to a marking device by a train of gears, also to a dial for registering the number of units (each unit being a multiple of the circumference of the measuring roll). The yarn, after rotating the measuring roll passes in an approximate horizontal plane to the front, or receiving, end of slasher, passing between rolls wicse purpose is to draw the yarn through the machine and onto a small beam ready to be placed on a loom to be woven into cloth.
in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this application, and in which similar reference symbols indicate corresponding parts in the several views Figure 1 is a side elevational view, partly in section, of the slasher frame of a winding machine, and showing the application of the present invention; Fig. '2 is a detail perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of the marking device; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fi 1, and looking in the direction of the arrows; Fig. 4t illustrates in perspective the marking device and manner of imprinting the warp threads; Fig. 5 is a top plan sectional view taken on the line 55 of Fig. 3, and showing the measuring roll; Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of the marking device, and showing the same released for the impressing movement; Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view taken on the line 77 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 8 is a detail view in elevation of the suspension hook and support therefor.
Referring to the construction in further detail, 1 designates the side of the slasher frame of the winding machine, 9. the wind ing beam, 3 the impression roll, at (see Fig. 5) the measuring roll, and 5, 6 and 7 cooperating idler rolls about which the warp threads A pass from the impression roll to the winding beam.
The measuring roll. t adapted to be connected to any suitable form of registering device, through the medium of a train of gears for indicating the amount of yarn wound upon the beam 2, as will be readily understood.
A yoke frame 8, supported by an arm 9, is suitably mounted on the beam 10 (see Fig. 3) at the side of the slasher frame 1, and a shaft 11 is suitably journalcd at 12 and 13 in said yoke frame 8. The shaft- 11 is connected to be driven from the shaft 1 1 of the measuring roll through the medium of a miter gear (15 and 16), a shaft 17, a miter gear (18 and 19), a shaft 20, and a third miter gear (21 and 22) as clearly illustrated ill) in Figs. 3 and 5. The gearing shown herein is stepped down for rotating the shaft 11 at a speed slower than that of the shaft i l, but it will be understood, of course, that this is selective accordingly as the yarn is to be marked at closer or greater intervals.
The measuring roll a is connected to operate the impression roll 3 through the medium of a rope or belt drive 23, engaging within grooves 24 and 25 formed in the peripheral edges of said measuring and impression rolls, respectively. The yarn threads pass, or travel, over the impression roll 3 in intimately close relation, or after the manner of a sheet, and while in this condition are adapted to be marked or impressed at stated intervals. The marking device consists of an arcuate or segmental roll 26 mounted on apair of arms 27 and 28, that are loosely journaled on the shaft 11, which shaft, it will be understood, rotates constantly during the winding of the yarn on the beam 2. The segmental roll 26 is provided with a die plate 29, which is removably mounted thereon through the medium of a plurality of clips, or clamps, 30, secured by the screws 31 (see Fig. 7), and the face of the die plate 29 carries the type, or die, 32 for marking the yarn, as illustrated in Fig. 4. The die plate 29 formed in sections, to the end that different dies, or type, may be carried for impressing the yarn with different symbols, or characters, at the one time.
The means for raising the printing device consists of an arm 33 (see Figs. 1 and 3) adjustably secured on the shaft 11 by the set screw 34:, and which is provided with a projection, or finger, F35 disposed in the path of the arm 28 to engage the same and cause the latter to be rotated through the rotation of the shaft 11. By the provision of this means, the printing device is carried one-half revolution with the shaft 11, and when at its uppermost position the arm 28 is released, and with the plate 26 falls with a rapid movement and marks or imprints the fabric threads engaging, or passing over the impression roll 3. This falling, or returning movement of the printing plate is accelerated through the medium of an inertia body comprising a pair of arms 36 and 37 secured to the arm 27 and 28, respectively, and having weights 38 and 39 adjustably mounted thereon, as clearly shown in Figs. 5 and 6.
The printing device is adapted to be held in inoperative position, or out of the path of the moving yarn, through the medium of suspension means comprising an arm 40 having a hook 41 for engaging with a pin 42 carried by the plate-supporting arm 27 (see Fig. 4c). The suspending arm a0 is pivotally mounted on a shaft 43 secured to brackets 44 on the yoke frame 8 (see Figs. 1
and A bowed leaf spring 45 engages with the arm 40, and, seating against the yoke 8, tends to hold the hook 4L1 at all times in position to be engaged by the pin 42, when the printing device is swung in its lowermost position, 2'. (2., immediately after the yarn has been impressed by the fall of the printing plate.
The type, or other characters, carried by the printing plate are inked on each upward movement thereof by coming into engagement with an inking roll 46, that contacts with a feeding roll 47 which is in turn immersed in the ink contained in the receptacle 4:8. Said ink receptacle is suitably sup ported and secured by a pair of arms 49 secured to the sides of the yoke frame 8 (see Figs. 1 and 3).
I have illustrated and described preferred and satisfactory constructions, but changes could be made within the spirit and scope of my invention.
I claim 1. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a gravity actuated marking device rotatably mounted on the frame; a member mounted to constantly rotate and engage with and raise said marking device and release the same to gravity to imprint the warp threads; and means for actuating said rotatable member.
2. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a gravity actuated marking device mounted to have free rotary movement on the frame; an arm mounted to constantly rotate and engage with and raise said marking device and release the same to gravity to imprint the warp threads; and means for actuating said rotatable arm.
3. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft rotatably mounted on the frame; a marking device mounted to loosely rotate on the frame; an arm fixedly mounted on said shaft and adapted to engage with and raise said marking device and release the same to fall and imprint the warp threads; means for accelerating the imprinting movement of the marking device; and means for rotating said shaft.
4. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft rotatably mounted on the frame; a segmental marking plate mounted to loosely rotate on the shaft; an arm fixedly mounted on said shaft and adapted to engage with said marking device and release the same to fall and imprint the warp threads; an inertia body associated with said marking plate for accelerating the imprinting movement thereof; and means for rotating said shaft.
lOO
5. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft journaled to rotate on the frame; a marking device loosely mounted on said shaft; an arm secured to the shaft and adapted to raise the marking device and release the same to impress the Warp threads; a device for holding the marking device in inoperative position following each marking operation; and means for rotating said shaft.
6. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft journaled to rotate on the frame; a segmental marking roll loosely mounted on the shaft; an arm secured to the shaft and adapted to raise and release the same to impress the warp threads; a hook for holding the marking device suspended following each marking operation; an inertia body for accelerating the downward movement of the marking device; and means for rotating said shaft.
7 The combination with a warp thread winding machine of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft journaled to rotate on the frame; a segmental marking roll loosely mounted on the shaft; an impression roll cooperable with said segmental roll; an arm secured to the shaft and adapted to raise and release the segmental roll to impress the warp threads with said impression roll; a hook for holding the segmenetal roll suspended following each marking operation; an inertia body for accelerating the downward movement of the segmental roll and means for rotating said impression roll and shaft.
8. The combination with a warp thread Winding machine of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft journaled to rotate on the frame; a segmental roll loosely mounted on the shaft; an impression plate detachably mounted on said segmental r011; an impression roll cooperable with said impression plate; an arm secured to the shaft and adapted to raise and release the segmental roll to impress the warp threads with said impression roll; a hook for holding the segmental roll suspended following each marking operation; and means for rotating said impression roll and shaft.
9. The combination with a warp thread winding machine, of a marking apparatus comprising a frame; a shaft journaled to rotate on the frame; a pair of arms loosely mounted on the shaft; a segmental roll secured to said arms; an impression plate mounted on the segmental roll; an impression roll cooperable with said impression plate; an arm secured to the shaft and adapted to raise and release an arm of the segmental roll to effect the impression of the warp threads with said impression roll; a hook adapted to automatically engage an arm of the segmental roll and hold the seg- 1 mental roll suspended following each marking operation; a spring for holding said hook in operative position; weights mounted on the arms of the segmental roll for accelerating the downward movement thereof; and means for rotating said impression roll and shaft.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature, in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES D. HONIKER.
Witnesses:
L. B. RAWsAUR Jr., W. E. NORRIS.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). G.
US79214113A 1913-09-27 1913-09-27 Apparatus for marking warp-threads. Expired - Lifetime US1084435A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695557A (en) * 1952-07-21 1954-11-30 Donald R Draper Label printing device
US3901148A (en) * 1972-10-05 1975-08-26 Thomas Henry Clark Machine for printing labels

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2695557A (en) * 1952-07-21 1954-11-30 Donald R Draper Label printing device
US3901148A (en) * 1972-10-05 1975-08-26 Thomas Henry Clark Machine for printing labels

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