US107255A - Improvement in multiple tool - Google Patents

Improvement in multiple tool Download PDF

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US107255A
US107255A US107255DA US107255A US 107255 A US107255 A US 107255A US 107255D A US107255D A US 107255DA US 107255 A US107255 A US 107255A
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hammer
wrench
tool
socket
nail
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/48Spanners; Wrenches for special purposes

Description

Latent ctt-tite.-

HENRY .l J. HARRIS, OF SHREVEPORT', LOUISIANA.

Letters Patent No. 107,255,

dated September 13,` 1870.

IMPROVEMENT IN MULTIPLE TOOL.

The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent andmaking part of the same 1b all whom fit may concern:

' Be it known that I, HENRY J. Hannts, oi Shreveport, Caddo parish, State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Multiple Tool, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawing making part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved tool;

-Figure 2 is a view of the hammer applied as the head of a'walking-stick, a portion of the hammer being shown in vertical section; and Figure 3 is a bottom view ofthe wrench.

; The invention relates to that class ot" tools known as 4multiple tools, in which two or more implements which are either analogous iu their nature and operation, or which, although (littering widely in their functions, are yet capable of being united and formed in one piece, the form and operation of lthe separate parts being such that they can be combined without impairing their ciiectiveness, whereby compactness and convenience of arrangement, with economy in construction, are obtained.

The invention consists in- First, a ynovel construction of a hammer, in such a manner that it-will receive and retain a nail in a proper and convenient position for sticking or starting said nail into the material into which it is to be driven, as will be hereinafter explained;

Second, in a peculiar construction of a skeleton socket-wrench, whereby it is adapted to take oii the nuts from axle-trees, to retain them while the wagon orbuggy is being oiled, and to replace them without said nuts coming in contact with the operatous hands, and is also adapted to fit various other nuts belonging to a carriage, as well as to drive common wood-screws;

Third, in the combination of a hammer withthc' above-mentioned socket-wrench, in such manner that the hammer is made to serve as a Tpicce, by which to operate the wrench l Fourth, in providing the eye in the hammer wit-h a thread, by which to secure it to a handle or to the stem or shank of the wrench; and

Fifth, in providing the shank of the wrench with a socket, adapted to receive the shanks of bits, saws, cliisels, or such other tools as can be conveniently applied thereto.

In theY drawing- A represents a hammer, which maybe of any usual or desired construction, although I prefer to make it in substantially the form shown in the drawing, as bcing artistic iu design.

The toes of the foot may be spreada little, as at (t, and the wedge-shaped space interveningbetween the first and second toes can be advantageouslyused as a a claw for drawing nails and tacks.

The lower side of thc poll of thehammer is cut away,.forming a groove or channel, shown plainly at A1,'1ig. 2, the outer end of said channel being cut deeper than the inner portion, thus forming a shoulder or stop, a, for a purpose which will hereinafter bc explained.

A2 is a tongue-spring, secured, by its inner or rear In the drawing I have shown Y cud, in the channel A1. this spring confined in a slit or notch cut or cast in the poll ot' the hammer; The outer end of this spring should not protrude beyond the face of the hammer.

B is a nail, heldin the posit-ion shown by spring A2, as will be explained.

cured in place. y

The employment of this thread enables meto make the eye ot' the hammer blind, that is, closed at ,one end.

C C' is a socket-wrench, O being the body of the wrench and O the shank or stem.

rlhe w. lls of the wrench are parallel tocach other upon their outer surface, but arc thicker at the top than they are at the bottom, this making the cavity iuclosed by their tapering in form, so that it will lit dilerent sizes ot' nuts.

One or more of these walls are provided, upon their lower edges, with a recess, c, which is intended to fit and turn various nuts, as. may he desired.

When preferred, the walls of the wrench may be expanded at the recess or opening c, as shown in fig. 3, for the purpose of strengthening them at these points,

and also to operate such nuts as may countersink f lbelow the surface of the parts to which they are applied.

c' is a lip or bit formed upon the lower edge of wrench C, for driving wood-screws. v

The shank C is provided with a socket, shown plainly at D, iig. 3, in which chis'eis, bits, angers, and similar tools may be secured, by means of a set-screw, D', or equivalentvdevice. y

From the foregoing description it willvbe readily seen that, by placing a nail in the position shown 'n g. 2, wit-h its head resting against shoulder al, it can be started into a wall by the employment of one hand only, after which the hammer can be withdrawn,1eav ing the nail sticking there, when it may be driven further by repeated blows ofthe hammer, if desired.

By attaching the hammer to a walking-stick or cane, a nail may be driven at almost any height in a room, andthe toe of the foot may be used to hang articles upon the nail, thus obviating .the use of a step-ladder, or of climbing upon chairs.

lhc eye or socket in the hammermay be extended, as at a3, fig. 1, and expanded so as to receive a handle lheeye ofthe hammer is provided with a screwfi thread, a2, by means of' which the handle may be se-f'` 2 0f any required siz'c, which can he drawn into italnd 2. A multiple tool, consisting of the' sockeffwrench secured by means ofthe screw-thread a2. C C', having recesses c in its outer walls, and hammer H2L-ving now described my invention, lA, provided with the groove A1, stop al, and spring That I claim as new, and desire to secure by Let- A2, constructed und arranged as set forth.- ters Patent, is In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand l. A socket-wrench, confposed of the hotly C4 and this 2d day of' August7 A. D. 1870..

shank C', provided with an internal socket, D, thuulh- HENRY J. HARRIS` screw D', and cross-piece A, which serves as a lever Witnesses: Y to Operate the Wrench, these parts being arranged EDM. F. BRGWN,

` substantially as set forth. ALEXANDER MAHON.

US107255D Improvement in multiple tool Expired - Lifetime US107255A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2759648A (en) * 1953-06-15 1956-08-21 Continental Can Co Method and apparatus for packaging merchandise in flexible containers
US5012707A (en) * 1989-01-27 1991-05-07 Holiday Rambler Corporation Awning spring winder
US6082230A (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-07-04 Hand Tool Design Corporation Fuel filter cap tool
US6347563B1 (en) * 2001-01-22 2002-02-19 Gary E. Witt Tool for removing drain caps
US6505531B2 (en) * 2000-11-30 2003-01-14 Access Oil Tools, Inc. Oil tool connection breaker and method
US20110067106A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-17 Scott Charles Evans Network intrusion detection visualization
US20110179911A1 (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-07-28 Lisle Corporation Wrench for Removal of Motor Vehicle Radiator Cap and/or Oil Filter Cap
US20130312575A1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-28 Charleston Ong Oil filter service tool
US20170057065A1 (en) * 2015-08-24 2017-03-02 Snap-On Incorporated Reservoir Cap Socket

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2759648A (en) * 1953-06-15 1956-08-21 Continental Can Co Method and apparatus for packaging merchandise in flexible containers
US5012707A (en) * 1989-01-27 1991-05-07 Holiday Rambler Corporation Awning spring winder
US6082230A (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-07-04 Hand Tool Design Corporation Fuel filter cap tool
US6505531B2 (en) * 2000-11-30 2003-01-14 Access Oil Tools, Inc. Oil tool connection breaker and method
US6347563B1 (en) * 2001-01-22 2002-02-19 Gary E. Witt Tool for removing drain caps
US20110067106A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-17 Scott Charles Evans Network intrusion detection visualization
US20110179911A1 (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-07-28 Lisle Corporation Wrench for Removal of Motor Vehicle Radiator Cap and/or Oil Filter Cap
US20130312575A1 (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-28 Charleston Ong Oil filter service tool
US20170057065A1 (en) * 2015-08-24 2017-03-02 Snap-On Incorporated Reservoir Cap Socket
US9884414B2 (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-02-06 Snap-On Incorporated Reservoir cap socket

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