US1070603A - Hydrocarbon-burner. - Google Patents

Hydrocarbon-burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1070603A
US1070603A US71893512A US1912718935A US1070603A US 1070603 A US1070603 A US 1070603A US 71893512 A US71893512 A US 71893512A US 1912718935 A US1912718935 A US 1912718935A US 1070603 A US1070603 A US 1070603A
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Prior art keywords
wick
shells
casing
combustion chamber
burner
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US71893512A
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Walter E Huenefeld
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HUENEFELD Co
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HUENEFELD Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action

Definitions

  • vVSTILTErB E. HUENEFELD, 0F CINCINNAT, OHO, ASSIGNOR T0 THE HUNEFELD COMPANY, 0F CINCINNATI, OHO.
  • lllhis invention relates to improvements ⁇ inhydrocarbon burners and more'particu- 'larly to such as are adaptable for use with stoves of the type commonly known as oil stoves,-one object of the invention being vto provide simple and elcient wick limiting'.
  • Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the parts forming the combustion chamber in elevated position.
  • Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View7 on the line w-os of.1i ⁇ ig.'1.
  • Fig. i is a transverse sectional view, on the line y-y of Fig., 2,.and Fig. 5 is a detail view.
  • 1-2 represent two concentric wick-tubes separated suiliciently to form a wiclccham- .wiclechaniber being closed in any suitable manner.
  • a nipple 3 is secured to the outer wick-tube 1 for attachment to a. supply pipe and this nipple' communicates with the lower portion of the wick-chamber.
  • rlhe upperrend ofthe outer wicktube is provided with an outwardly projecting annular 'hanged which is depressed somewhat, ornr ing an annular rib 5 at the upper extremity Y of fthe tube 1.
  • the inner wick-tube 2 is provided with a depressed inwardly profleeting flange 6 (the inner edge of which ⁇ may be bent downwardly as at 7), and an annular lrib 8, kis thus formed at the upper Specification of Letters Patent. Application led September 6, 1912,. Serial No. 718,935.
  • a wick 9 is located within the wick-chamber between the tubes 1 and 2 and provided with a perforated vmetal wick holder 10.
  • a hollow. boss 11 is located on the outer tube 1 and communicates with the wick chamber and from this boss, a tube 12 projects in a diagonal direetion,-said tube 12 and boss 11 constituting suitable bearings for a shaft 13 I which carries a toothed wheel 14 located within the boss 11 and adapted to mesh with perforations of the wick-holder for raising the wick when the shaft 13 is turned.
  • annular flanges at the upper ends of the wick-tubes 1 and 2 constitute seats for the lower ends of spaced foraminated shells 1G and 17 which are suitably spaced apart to form a combustion chamber 18 between them.
  • the shells 16 and 17 are surrounded by a casingv19 which is spaced from the outer shell 17 and is open at its upper end,- the lower end oit said casing being provided with an inwardly projecting bottom flange 20 having a plurality of perforations 21.
  • the upper end of the inner shell 16 may be provided with a fixed cap or head 22 having suitable perorations and the lower end of said inner shell may be provided with a perfoi-ated cap 23.
  • the shells 1G and 17 and the casing 19 may be hel-d in proper relation to each other by means of transverse rods 24:.which pass through them.
  • a spider 25 comprising a plurality of radial arms7 is lined within the inner wiektube 2 of the burner and constitutes' a part of .the raising and loweringand locking. means for the foraminated shells and their surrounding' casing.
  • a cylindrical portion 2G depends troni the inner shell 1G or morev strictly speaking, from the lower cap 23 of said shell and. enters the cylindrical space formed by the inner wick tube 2 and said eylindrical portion 26 serves to assist in guiding the shells and their surrounding casing! in' their vertical movements.
  • the lower end n'ular flanges at the upper ends of the Wicktubes 1 and 2 and the legs 27 will be disposed between the arms of' the spider 25 but without actual contact 'with the latter.
  • the shells forming the combustion chamber shall have been thus disposed, said shells with the casing 1S) and the depending i Acylinder 2G can be turned so that one of the arms of the spider will enter the elongated slot 3], in one of the legs 27 and the parts will then be locked against vertical movement.
  • theshel s can be partially rotated ⁇ back and'fortli,l until they shall have become accurately seated' upon the annular flanges ot the' wipli-tubes 1 and 2 and thus prevent any d /trimental air currents entering 1n close proximityto the upper end of the wick.
  • the casing 19 is provided with a suitable knob or handle 32 for manipulating said'casing and the shells 16-17 for raising the same above the wick, or for lowerlng them as will now be explained.
  • the stops 30 at the lower ends of the legs 27 will engage the arms of the spider and prevent the combustion shells and easing from being turned too far.
  • the Operator will turn the combustion shells and veasing 1nthe reverse dlrection far enough to move the seats 29 off of the arms of the spider 25 and then the Weight of the parts will be sutlicieut to cause the combustion Ishells to move downwardly upon their seats at the upper ends of the wick tubes and then by a further rotation of the combustion shells and casing, the depending cylinder will be partly rot-ated and its L-shaped leg will be caused to coperate with one of the arms of the spider to lock said combustion shells and easing against upward movement.
  • limiting devices may conveniently consist of a number of narrow may be disposed in more or less close.
  • a hydrocarbonburner the combination with a wick tube melnber, a combustion chamber comprising concentric foraminated shells adapted to lrest upon the wick tube member, and means for raising and lowering said combustion chamber member, of an ginnular series of fingers carried by the combustion chamber member and vertically movable with the same, said fingers disposed transversely in the lower portion of the combustion chamber across the path of the wick so as to constitute limiting means for the latter'.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wick-Type Burners And Burners With Porous Materials (AREA)

Description

W. E. HUENBFELD.
HYDROCARBON BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED SBPT.6,1912.
OOO
1 InnnnQr-nnm /VTNESSES www j,
ber between them, the lower -end of said iran srarns erstes,
vVSTILTErB E. HUENEFELD, 0F CINCINNAT, OHO, ASSIGNOR T0 THE HUNEFELD COMPANY, 0F CINCINNATI, OHO.
HYDRCARBON-BURNER.
.the following to be afull, clear, and exact' description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in thenart to which it appertains to make and use-the same.
lllhis invention relates to improvements `inhydrocarbon burners and more'particu- 'larly to such as are adaptable for use with stoves of the type commonly known as oil stoves,-one object of the invention being vto provide simple and elcient wick limiting'.
means carried by the combustion chamber member ofuthe device, which will also. operate to transmit the weight of the combustion chamber member tothe wick to force the latter down when the combustion chamber member is moved from its elevated to its is a sectionalview of the device, with the.
parts in their normal operative positions. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the parts forming the combustion chamber in elevated position. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View7 on the line w-os of.1i`ig.'1. Fig. i is a transverse sectional view, on the line y-y of Fig., 2,.and Fig. 5 is a detail view.
1-2 represent two concentric wick-tubes separated suiliciently to form a wiclccham- .wiclechaniber being closed in any suitable manner. A nipple 3 is secured to the outer wick-tube 1 for attachment to a. supply pipe and this nipple' communicates with the lower portion of the wick-chamber. rlhe upperrend ofthe outer wicktube is provided with an outwardly projecting annular 'hanged which is depressed somewhat, ornr ing an annular rib 5 at the upper extremity Y of fthe tube 1. The inner wick-tube 2 is provided with a depressed inwardly profleeting flange 6 (the inner edge of which `may be bent downwardly as at 7), and an annular lrib 8, kis thus formed at the upper Specification of Letters Patent. Application led September 6, 1912,. Serial No. 718,935.
v Patented Aug. 19,1913.
extremity of said inner tube 2. A wick 9 is located within the wick-chamber between the tubes 1 and 2 and provided with a perforated vmetal wick holder 10. A hollow. boss 11 is located on the outer tube 1 and communicates with the wick chamber and from this boss, a tube 12 projects in a diagonal direetion,-said tube 12 and boss 11 constituting suitable bearings for a shaft 13 I which carries a toothed wheel 14 located within the boss 11 and adapted to mesh with perforations of the wick-holder for raising the wick when the shaft 13 is turned. A
suitable knob or wheel 15 is secured to the annular ribs adjacent to the wick, an]l charred-portions of the latter can be readily removed without becoming lodged in ,the immediate vicinity of the wick and thus the burner can be easily kept clean.
. rlhe annular flanges at the upper ends of the wick-tubes 1 and 2 constitute seats for the lower ends of spaced foraminated shells 1G and 17 which are suitably spaced apart to form a combustion chamber 18 between them. The shells 16 and 17 are surrounded by a casingv19 which is spaced from the outer shell 17 and is open at its upper end,- the lower end oit said casing being provided with an inwardly projecting bottom flange 20 having a plurality of perforations 21. The upper end of the inner shell 16 may be provided with a fixed cap or head 22 having suitable perorations and the lower end of said inner shell may be provided with a perfoi-ated cap 23. The shells 1G and 17 and the casing 19 may be hel-d in proper relation to each other by means of transverse rods 24:.which pass through them.
A spider 25 comprising a plurality of radial arms7 is lined within the inner wiektube 2 of the burner and constitutes' a part of .the raising and loweringand locking. means for the foraminated shells and their surrounding' casing. A cylindrical portion 2G depends troni the inner shell 1G or morev strictly speaking, from the lower cap 23 of said shell and. enters the cylindrical space formed by the inner wick tube 2 and said eylindrical portion 26 serves to assist in guiding the shells and their surrounding casing! in' their vertical movements. The lower end n'ular flanges at the upper ends of the Wicktubes 1 and 2 and the legs 27 will be disposed between the arms of' the spider 25 but without actual contact 'with the latter. lfVhen the shells forming the combustion chamber shall have been thus disposed, said shells with the casing 1S) and the depending i Acylinder 2G can be turned so that one of the arms of the spider will enter the elongated slot 3], in one of the legs 27 and the parts will then be locked against vertical movement. By making-the slot 31 of appreciable length, theshel s can be partially rotated `back and'fortli,l until they shall have become accurately seated' upon the annular flanges ot the' wipli-tubes 1 and 2 and thus prevent any d /trimental air currents entering 1n close proximityto the upper end of the wick. The casing 19 is provided with a suitable knob or handle 32 for manipulating said'casing and the shells 16-17 for raising the same above the wick, or for lowerlng them as will now be explained.
Assummg that the shells 16 and 17 are resting upon their seats on the wick-tubes 1 and 2 and it is desired to raise said shells,
Qthe operator will turn said shells and casing V and the beveled edges 28 of the legs 27,
lriding on the arms of thelspider 25, will cause sald shells and casing to rise and when the seats 29 shall have become disposed upon 4the upper edges of said arms of the spider, the shells and casing will be supported in their raised positions above the wick.
The stops 30 at the lower ends of the legs 27 will engage the arms of the spider and prevent the combustion shells and easing from being turned too far. After the wick shall have been lighted, the Operator will turn the combustion shells and veasing 1nthe reverse dlrection far enough to move the seats 29 off of the arms of the spider 25 and then the Weight of the parts will be sutlicieut to cause the combustion Ishells to move downwardly upon their seats at the upper ends of the wick tubes and then by a further rotation of the combustion shells and casing, the depending cylinder will be partly rot-ated and its L-shaped leg will be caused to coperate with one of the arms of the spider to lock said combustion shells and easing against upward movement.
In order t0 prevent the Wick from being raised too far within the combustion chamber, I provide within the latter, near its lower end, a plurality of spaced limiting devices These limiting devices may conveniently consist of a number of narrow may be disposed in more or less close.
proximity to the wick Without detracting from the etliciency of the flame.. Should it happen that the operator would raise the wick until the perforated holder thereof passes the toot-hed wheel of the Wick raising devices so that the turning of the shaft 13 in the reverse direction would not effect the lowering of the Wick, the weight of the combustion shells and the casing transmitted to the upper end of the wick `through the medium of the spaced stops orflimiting devices 83, will cause the wick to be lpushed down far enough to insure the engagement or' the wick raising toothed wheel With the perforated wick holder.
While I have shown and described means for raising, lowering` locking and propping the combustion chamber member of the device, I do not herein claim these devices speeiiically, the same constituting the subject matter of my copending application Serial No. 718,936.
Various changes might be made in the details of construction and the relative arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit of my invention or limiting its scope, and hence I do not wish to restrict myself to the precise details herein set forth, except as particularlyspecited in the claims.
Having fully described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is: A
l. In a hydrocarbonburner, the combination with a wick tube melnber, a combustion chamber comprising concentric foraminated shells adapted to lrest upon the wick tube member, and means for raising and lowering said combustion chamber member, of an ginnular series of fingers carried by the combustion chamber member and vertically movable with the same, said fingers disposed transversely in the lower portion of the combustion chamber across the path of the wick so as to constitute limiting means for the latter'.
2, In a hydrocarbon burner, the combina4 tion wili a Wick tub@ imi'nrwi :i cmiilouslioii chamber iembei Comprining mncenliic fmmiiimiiefl shells fmmiugj n, minbusimi chamber between diem, zuid msnm for raisin mul lmveiing die combulion Chamber' member, of :i ring' secured to the lover portion of one of flic foaminaed slwlls so :as lo 0 vertically movable with the combusion chamber memlmr7 and said ring providocl with im annular Sei-ics if pl'ojwllioiis disposed zaazisveyscly in the lower pmlpioii olf the combuson Chamber in lh@ path of the wick so to constitwte limiting means for the intl-@12 ln testimony wlieiaof, speciicuiion im lie presence of tw@ Subscribing Wiiiesses.
lli/LTER E. HUENEFELD.
Witnesses: l
R. lfiamUSON, lf3. G; .No'rTi.N(1H.\M.
2 have signed this l5
US71893512A 1912-09-06 1912-09-06 Hydrocarbon-burner. Expired - Lifetime US1070603A (en)

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