US1061883A - Card-punching machine. - Google Patents

Card-punching machine. Download PDF


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US1061883A US66387111A US1911663871A US1061883A US 1061883 A US1061883 A US 1061883A US 66387111 A US66387111 A US 66387111A US 1911663871 A US1911663871 A US 1911663871A US 1061883 A US1061883 A US 1061883A
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Stephen B Tily
John G Rehfuss
Martin O Rehfuss
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    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/24Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for perforating or stencil cutting using special types or dies


S. B. yTILY & J. G. 6L M. 0. RBHFUSS.
APPLICATION FILED DEG. 4, 1911. l 1,061,883. Patented May13,1913.
3 SHEETS-SHEET l s.. B. TILY L J. G. & M. anHFUss.
GARD PUNCHING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED DBC, 4, 1911, 1,061,883, Patentd May 13, 1913.
1 fNl QN FIJ v, Q W Nw b liv.
GARD PUNGHING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED DEG. 4, 1911., 1,061,883. Patented May13,1913.
Punching Machines, of which the folloW-.
ing is a specification.
. One object ot our invention is to provide a cash register ofthe type designed to punch lio-les in various positions in record cards to indicate the'amount of a sale, the date, the casliiers designating number, the department, etc.; it being especially desired to providea machine of the above noted character which shall be simple and substantial as to the number, arrangement and Aoonstruction of its parts, and which shell not be likely to get out of order or to require but a minimuinof attention and repairs.
Welfurtlier desire to provide a punching cash register with novel means for supporting ay card in position, prior to or vwhile it `is being punched, and which shall automatically operate to release the card to permit it to fall into a suitable container, after the punching operation has been completed.
It is further desired to provide a iriachine of the character described in which each of certain punches shall be directly carried upon an adjustable rack.l which raclrs inturn shall, with their associated parts, be mounted on a punch head 'hinged to its supporting structure so as to be movable away from a die plate to permit oi the inH spection of the parts.
vWe further desire to provide mechanism which shall simultaneously release a cash drawerand operate punching mechanism, and in which the arrangement of parts shall be such that said drawery is locked as long as the punching mechanism is in its normal position.
.. `We further desire'tol provide si machine4 of the above noted type with novel means for insuring the proper positioning of a .card-t0 be punched, andwvhich shall have its parts so arranged that there shall be no possibility of a card dropping through the machine before the latter has been operated.'
Another object of our invention is te 'so arrange the parts of a punching cash register that certainro the punches shell be conveniently removable and shallfoe ncr- Speeioation of Letters Patent.
i inally held in place by a. device, v'
Applc'tion filed December 4, 1911. Serial En. 853,821
the absence of the punches, shall o l such a position es -to prevent operation m the machine.
These and other adi-'antageous ends secured as hereinafter set forth, refer being had to the accompanying drawings, in `whichl Figure l is a perspective vievvv of e eesii register constructed according to our invention; Fig. 2 is .e longitudinal vertical e tion of the machine shown in 3 and 4- are respectively 'trensveixe vtcal sections taken or the line erw-ti, and looking in opp` .site directions; s. and t5' are fragmentary horizontal se illustratingr the card positioning dev itsnorinal and .in its operative Fig. 7 is a vertical section showing tue c supporting device in its tivo msi tions; Figs. 8, S) and l0 are peisp of the different vforms oi punch structures usedy in our invention; a perspective -view or' one of the caras s in our machine, and Fig. l2 is u y e elev tion illustrating the detail construction one of the parts of my invention.
in the. above drawings i represents a bealike structure forming the base of eur cesti register and havingslidablefvvithin it a dra-Wer 2, which, as shown in Fig. 2 projects slightly more than halt wey through the base, and at all times ends to move out- Wardly under the action of e, spring 3. in
'this instance the drawer has mounted 'With'- Vin it e cash boxv 4, and is provided with a,
l eo handle 5. i
Rigidly fixed to the inner end ot the drawer 2 preferably at one side,A is a rearwardly extending bar 6, having a notch or recess in the end portion of its under edge for a purposelie-reater noted. i The rear part ofthe box-like base l is providedxvitli e door 7, having loci?. 7a and designed forl the reception of the rec' "fl cards after these have been punched by machine. Mounted on and rigidly .tired to the of the box structure l, is a. m in the forni et' n hollen' "tinc with a pair oriziontai gui is mounted a s .de i6, earryin end providefl i Mesi segment 13, fixed to a transversely extending shaft or spindle 14, within the casing 8, inavhich said spindle is rotatedly mounted.
As shown in Fig. l, the spindle 14 projects at one side on the casing 8, and has fixed on it an operating arm 15, normally held in an elevated position by a spring 16, coiled` around the spindle 14, with one end fixed to the segment 13 and the other to the casing. This operating arm has mounted under it, adjacent the projecting end ot the spindle 14, a plunger 17, guided hy a bushing 18 set in the top of the box-like structure l, into which the iliinger extends; there being on the 'inner en( ci this plunger a lug provided by a projecting screw 19, so placed as to normally engage the recess in the edge of the bar 6, whenever the drawer to which this is attached is in its inner or 20v closed position- Said plunger is at all times pressed toward this uppery position by means o'l av spring Q0, operative. within the bushing 18, and is prevented from turning in said bushin by means of a pin 21, eX-
tendiiig througi a slot 22 in the plunger.
The slide 1U has toiined on its inner end an upwardly projecting block or plate 23, on' one face oi ivhich is fixed a` pair of plates 11 and 24, spaced apart so as to provide av flat vertical cavity, for the reception of :i card to be punched.
As shown in Fig.'4, a rectangular' portion of vone end of the plate l1 is provided with a number of vertically placed series oit' holes, each hole having a countersunk opening on the outer face of the plate, While the plate 24 similarly has 4an identically arranged plurality of series of punch holes, respectively in line with those of the plate 11, it being noted that the block -23 of the slide is recessed immediately adjacent to this second die plate, forthe reception of the punchings passing through the same.
` We preferably provide a small. drawer or outwardly discharging chute under this reel cess 25, indicated at 25, so that the punchings may be collected or permitted to automatically discharge themselves as may be advisable.
Pvotally mounted on one endyof the block 23 is a lever 26, held in place by a screw 27 and having its upper-end made in the form ol" a turned-over linger 28, (Fig. 7,) so that it is capable of extending over the cardreceiving cavity between the plates 11 and 24.
. The lower end-of this lever. is likewise bent over approximately at right anglesto its length, as indicated at 29, and. carries a transversely extending plate, 30, capable of being projected under the card receiving cavity between the plates 11 and 24, in order to temporarily support a record card there-` in. This part 29 of the lever with the plate 30, preferably lies in cut-away portion of the top ot' the metal. casing 8, which is transversely slotted to permit ot the passage of a card fromy the aforesaidcavity intothe spaceBl (if thesupportingy box structure '1;
may be mounted adjacent the discharge end ot' this guide-way as indicated at 33, whereby a card falling therefrom is given an inclination which results in its being de,-
posited in a substantially horiaontaluposi-v tion yWithin the lbo.'\Y l.
Itl will be understood that the leveriQG is so formed and mounted that when in one of` its end QS'projects over thc cavity llabetween the plates 111 and 24, to such an extent as to prevent the introductionA of a card thereto,although its end 29 is then in such a position as to freelylpermit the falling of aeard out? of the cavity. When the lever is in its other extreniepos'if tionLt-he end' the cavity, l1a and the end 28 then lies to one side of the planeet said cavity.- I I Tn order to best operate the lever when the slide which carries it is movedy by the 0peratits extreme positions.
29 is projected directly under ing arm 15, we mounton one edge of the opening in the top of casing 8, under the plate 11, a pin 34, so that when theflever 26 is moved toward this edge, its plate 30A ent istance away'from the edge. f
The punches are carried, as hereafter described, by a punch head 35, in the form of 'a structure of rectangular sectionextendin upwardly on the top ofwthe casing l8, and having a. rearwardly projecting portion 36, hinged or pivotcd to such casing by a hinged holt 37.y In ordcr to hold the ,punch head in its normal operating position, We provide a locking bolt38, Slidably mounted in Aa suitable projection 3 9 onthe top of the casing 8 gages the pin and is held thereby a short and having a head 40, Whereby-` it maylbe withdrawn from engagement with lth'e 'punch head, against the action of aspring 41 which normally maintains itin such en -V gagement.
are mounted within the .vertically extending part 35 of the'punch head a series of verti-f cally movabldvracks 42, each carrying a' single punch 43, which projects through a ysuitableslot: in one face of the punch head,` '1.
so as to be capable of entering anyA one of the punch holes belonging' to a vertical series in the die-plates 11 and Q4. when theselatter aremoved toward said punches.v rEach ofv the racks has operative on it a pawl 44, which engages its teeth under the action of a spring 45. L'
For moving the racks and with themthe punches, we provide a'spindle 46, mounted in suitable bearings on thepunch head and carrying a number of toothed segments-47,
These segments, of which in the present in-` stance there are four, have operating arms 48, 49, 50 and 51 and project through slots ina substantially semi-cylindrical casing 52 inclosing said .segments 47 and their associated parts. Each of these slots has adjacent to its edge a line of figures, designed to indicate the position of the particular punch V43 attached to the arm 48, for example, which projects through said slot; the arrangement being such that if 'the arm 48 be moved to a point adjacent to the Fig. 4, for instance, the rack 42 with 'the-punch 43 carried thereby is moved downwardly, so that said punch is brought into line with the fourth punch pening at the top of one of the vertical series of openings lin the die plates 1l and 24. By this means it is possible to bring any one of the punches into line with anyy of the openings in its particular vertical series in the die-plates, as indicated by the figures onthe casing 52 adja.
y cent tothe operating arms 48.
The punch head 35 is also provided with Vtwo vertical slots 53 and 54, throughwhich p rojects a pair of handles 55 and 56, di rectly attached to two racks of the form indicated at 42 in Fig. 10, each of which carries a punch 43,
It 'is-of course, obvious that these-racks 42* are toothed merely for the purpose of providing a ratchet to be engaged by one of the pawls 44, in order to retain lit with 4its punch 43 in any given position. In order lto operate these particular racks with .their punches, it is merely necessary that their handles 55 or 56 be vertically `moved in slots 53 or 54, as the case may be, into the desired position to bring the panels opposite any particular punch-hole of the corresponding vertical series in the die-plates 11 and 24.
The front face of the punch head, as shown in Fig. 3, has removably mounted in it a. plate 60, formed with its ends inclined, carrying one or more punches, as shown in Fig. 8, and designedto fit into a cavity Whose upper end is under-cut, for the recep. tion of the inclined end '60a ofsaid plate.
Immediately under the bottom of this plate,
and pivoted to the punch head. is a spring actuated holding lever .61, soiornied as to fit the inclined end of the plate ,60Vand at all times vforce it upwardly into its cavity.
. (See Fig. l2). It will of course, bev linden.
-stood that the punches on this plate are so arranged as to come opposite certain of *thev punch holes indie plates ll and 24,.itl being our intention that each of `the sales persons using the machinefshall be providedvzith one of the removable plates 60, and that each,
of;said plates shall have on it a differenti arrangement -`'of permanently mounted punches. It `will further be noted that theV lever 61 is so placed on its supporting struc-A ture that when the plate 60 has beenrel] `moved, it is forced by its spring 62 into such E a position that it isfimp'ossible to move. the
slide l() with its die-plates suilicientlyto,
permit of a card being punched.' Thus, as shown in Fig. l2, the removal of tlieplatev .60'perniits this'holdinglever 6l to move upwardly far enou li to interpose its end 63 in front of the die plate l1, thereby pre venting this latter being moved suiiiciently.
far to allow the punches entering the holes.
For the purpose of insuring that the cards introduced into the cavity 11a shall .always @ave their parts to be punched in the proper i position relatively `to the various series ofc` punches, we provide means whereby said y cards are moved 'toward one end of this,y
cavity before being engaged by the punches.
and having a portion projecting into that end of the cavity 11a Which is mostV distant.
from the punches: it beingnoted thatas the slide with its die-plates is moved `toward 7 il the. punch head, this Wedge shaped bar .enters the endV of the cavity suflicientlyar.
to cause its inclined surface to act v`on the end of the card therein.
Under conditions of use, it will beunder-lstood that .the drawer 2 is normally locked shut by the hook bar 6, and that the slide cannot be moved toward the punch yhead 7100 until one of the plates 60 has been introduced into its cavity and so `engaged by the.y
lever 61, that the latter is moved downout V.
of the pat-h of movement of the die-plate 11. The cards Which itis intended to luse with this machine, Whilebeing made in many different forms, may be made up ras -sliown in Fig. 11, with. four columns of 1 figures running from zero .to nine, and. a definite space for the punches indicating the cashier, as Well as other spaces for the' punchesdndicat-ing the day and month.
"If now it be desired to record a sale on-a card of the form shown in` Fig.. 11, .the
lever 26 would beso moved as to permit of.. saidcard being dropped into the. cavity 11",
wherein it would rest upon the lower arm of said lever.
Thecashier. having in-l sei-ted herdesignating .plate 60in the punch, y-head and moved the racks'42 bylimeans of their handles 55L andv 56 .to.designate vthe n proper date ofthemcnth, would thereafter move/one or inoreof the voperating .arms
49 50, or 51, so` that these would be oppo- -site such numerals on the casing 52,as would correspond4 with .the amount-of the sale Whicliitis desired. to record;v This movcf ment of the operating arms, as well as of the handles 55 and I56,",brings 'the correr spending. punches 43 into line with correlsponding holes in the die-plates 11 and 24. WVhenthe operating arm 5G is pushed downwardly, the card is first moved longitudinally in the ,slot 11, by reason of the `en-v 5 gagement of one of its ends with the i n-l c lined surface of the bar 6 5, and its opposite end iscertainlypressed tightly a ainst vthe corresponding end of the cavity, 't us insuring that thevertical series of numerals on 10 the card X is in. line. with the corresponding vertical series of unchlioles in the dieplates The continued downwardv movement of theoperating arm then forces the punches throughV the die-plate 11, 15 through the cardy andy iiito the die-plate Q4, t thus punching out one nirmeral in each of the four vertical eoluninsonfthe card,fbesides making certain holes predetermined positions to designate the cashier operating the machine. and also making other holes to, designate the` day and month.
'moving forward of the slide 10 with itsdie" plates, brings the pins 34 into engagement with the plate 30 of the lever Q6, moving "/fhe upper end of said lever over the cavity 11, so that when thel operating arm 15 is released and the slide with its `attached part.
is moved back to the normal position shown l in Fig. 2 under the action of the springs 20' and16,the card. which had been supported first on the lower end .29 of the lever and afterward onthe top surface of the casing and, bv the punches, is left lwithout support.
4 owingto the withdrawal of the punches and the movement of' the die-plates over the opening tothe guideway 32. yThe card then 'falls ,through the saidA guideway into the interior olfjthe space 31 of the box.y structure 1. engaging the abutment 33 as it falls, so
4o ythat, it is` deposited a substantially h ori# At the same time tliat the operating handle' is pushed down to move the slide and the die-plates 'towardthe punches, theplunger 17 is also' depressed by 4.5 said handle. thus moving the hook lug or screw 19 out of engagement, with the recess of the hook bar 6,' and permitting the spring 3 to push the drawer outwardly. It is of course` obvious that'this spring may be omitted. sothatyit is necessary'to open the drawer byehandythoughin any case it is to be'n'oted that said drawer is unlocked by a movement of the operating arm which causes the, punches to act, to cause the punching4 operation to take place-simultaneously with the unlocking-of the drawer.
i The bar 6 is so formed at its end that if the operating arml 15 should be allowed to return to" its upper position before the drawer 6o was shut., ity could still be returned to its `zon'tafl position.
closed position, since the inclined end, byl
' engaging` the projection formed by the screw 1S), could be -made to draw the abutment. 17 downwardly until said projection entered the recess in said bar.
"other to punch a card.
-As will beunderstoo'd by those the art, the cards pupchedby our-.machine niaChine. of a punch head; a series of longb tudinally movable members mounted on said v head; a punch carried on each member;y a structure having a die plate aand formed to support a card; and means for niovingfsaid so structure and said punch relatively to each 2; The conibinationvina card punchingv machine,- ot a receptacle; card punching mechanism; and ay lever actuated by sar.
.mechanism and mounted to automatically` discharge cai-ds into said receptacle after they have been punched.
3. 'I` he combination of a receptacle; card punching mechanism mounted over the 9 saine: a lever for supporting a card while itl is being punched; `and means for moving said lever to permit the card to pass into the;- receptacle after saidi card has been punched.
4'. The combination-in a cardpunching machine, ofy a' receptacle; card` punching mechanism mounted to dischargescards Ito.
the receptacle; said .mechanism including aA structure for holding the card while it is1l being punched a member mountedto sup j port a card in sa'rd structure; and means for withdrawing said member to permit the card to drop into theieceptacle when the machine is operated.
The combination ina card punching machine, of a receptacle, card punching mechanism mounted to discharge cards into saidreceptacle. andfincluding a card holder; a movable member having a p oi'tioiicapablelA of extending under the holder to suppo .a `110 card therein and movable to release a card; said member also havinga portion extendedi to prevent the introduction ofthe card to the holder `until the said firstportion is moved to its card supporting position; andI 115 means for actuating the member to release the card when the machine is operated 6. The combination in a card punching machine, of a supporting structure; a series' of toothed bars adjustablymountedin said 120 structure; a punch carried by each bar;
, pawls respectively operative on the bars for'k l accuses 'head mounted thereon and connected theretoby a pivot.; a series of punch carrying members adjustably mounted in d head; means tor detaciiably locking 'ne head in an operative position; a holder on the. sup ting struct-ure; and means for causing 'c'. cold to bodily move relativelyto-the u' d to the card carrie i. thereby to be punched. y e@ 8. The combination in a vcard punching machine, of a supporting structure; a punch head mounted thereon series of 'punches adjustably mounted` on the headg-a card holder also mounted ci said structure; and means for bodily moyzfng one c'fvtlievtvvo parte comprised by a punch head and the card holder toward and from each other; the other of lsaid parte being pivtally mounted on the supporting structure to permit c' its being swung away from the secy part.. The combination of a supporting structure; punch yhead pivotally connected thereto; means for locking said liead in a predetermined position; series ofbodilymovable punches adjust-ably carried by said punch head; a card holder slidably mounted on the supporting structure; and means for bodily moving said card holder toward and an from the punch head.l
l0. he combinaticn in a card punching lune, of a supporting structure; a punch d mounted thereon; a series of punches ustably carried on said head; a card holder mounted on ,the supporting structure and free to move toward and from the punch head; a lever pivoted to said holder and hav ing two arms of which one. is capable of eX- tonding under the holder to support a card, ai; and the other is capable of extending over holder to prevent placing. a card therein nl yil. Saul lever is moved into a position to bring the other arm. under the holder; ructure mounted to move the lever to cause the card Supporting arm to release a card mined position in the holder after its inser-A tion and before the punches act thereon.
l2. The combination in a card punching machine, of a supporting structure; a series independently adjustable punches mounted on said structure; a card bolder; means l r moving the punches and the card holder ,flat-ively to each other to cause said punches holder.
`when the holder is moved relativei';T to the to act on a Cardin the holder; and a Wedge shaped vmember mounted to be brbught into engagement with a card inthe holder prior to its engagement by the punches to `move said card to a predetermined position in the i3. rlhe combination in a card punchin machine, of a supporting structure; a punc head mounted thereon; a series of independently adjustable punches mounted in said head; a card holder sli'dably mounted on the supporting structure andv having a die plate; a cam mounted on the structure in position to project into the cardholder when the latter is moved; and means for moving the holdertoward the punches to cause the latter to act on a card therein; said cam being placed to force a card in the holder to a predetermined position when the machine is operated. 85 14. The combinationin a. card punching machine, of a supportingstructure; a punch head mounted thereon; a Aseries of punches adjustably mounted on the head; a piece carried by the head and provided with a fixed punch; a member engaging said piece to hold it removably to the' head; a card holder mountedonthe supportin stricture; means for moving the card-hol er and the punch head relatively to each other tocause the punches to act on a card carried by the holder; the member for. holding the said punch `carrying piece being mounted to, move into position to prevent operation of the'machine in the absence of said piece.
15. The combination in a card punching machine, of a vpunch head having a removf ablel piece; fixed punches on said piece;
lmeans for operating the machine to punch a card; and a movable element capable of projecting into .a position to'prevent opera,-
=tion of the machine but lnormally held out of such position byv said removable piece.
16. The combination in a card punching machine, of a supporting structure; a punch head carried thereby; a series of punches adjustably carried by the head; a piece carried by the head and provided with a plu` rality of punches; a spring actuated mem- -ber normally holding said piece in place; a
card holder; and means for moving the punch head and the card holder relatively to each other to cause the punches to operate on a card; said spring pressed member being, free to move into a position between the 12o punch head and the card holderv When the punch carrying piece is removed, to prevent the punches operating ona card.
17. The combination in a card punching machine, of a supporting structure; a punch head hinged thereto and having a recess; a piece fitting said recess and having cardpunching means a series of punches adjustably carried by thek punch head; a card holder sl-idably carried by the structure;
`machine in the Y the punch head.
slideand including adie n punches adjustably carried -by the punch I Slide; i'shaft meansI for moving the ,18. The combination in ing said vpunch tion'yguides on slide operativein saidl guides and provided with a rack; a card holder carried'by the plate; aseries of head In an operati'veposihead in position to cooperate with the die plate; shaft mounted'in the supporting struct-ure; a toothed segment xed toA said shaft` and meshing with thev rack` on Vthe and an operating arm also fixed to the" for operating the saine. 19.*The-combination in a card punchingv machine, of a punch' head; av card holder; Said card holder relatively to the head; punches carried by the head for operating on a rcard in the holder; a cardreceptacle placed to receive cards from the holder after they have been punched; and card-guiding means for caus i vmg the cards to be deposited in planes sub' stantially at right angles to that in which a card punching Tmachine, of :a hollow supporting structure; 'a punch head hinged thereto; a ybolffor locl`- the supporting structure; 'a
i i l l l Il I they are supported in the holder and one over the other in the receptacle after they pass from the holder.
20. The combination in a card punching machine, of a supporting structure; a punch head mounted thereon; a series of punches adjustahly mounted on the head; a piece removably carried by the head and provided with a fixed punch; a. card holder on the sup'iorting structure; and means for moving the card holder and the punch head relatively to each other to cause the punches to act on a card carried by the holder.
21. The combination ina card punching machine; of a supporting structure; a punch "head mounted thereon; a series of punches adjustably mounted on the head; a plate having` punches and fitting an undercut cess in the head; means for removably holding said plate in such recess; a card holder on the supporting structure; and means for moving; the card holder andthe punch head relatively to each other to cause the punches to act on a card carried by theholderw In testimony whereo'; we have signed our names to this specification, in the presence of tivo subscribing Witnesses STEPHEN B. TILY.'
Witnesses i i VILLIAM E. BRADLEY; Jos., H. KLEIN. l y
US66387111A 1911-12-04 1911-12-04 Card-punching machine. Expired - Lifetime US1061883A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735490A (en) * 1956-02-21 Keysort keypunch
US2781846A (en) * 1954-01-07 1957-02-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Punch selector
US2869641A (en) * 1956-10-22 1959-01-20 Ross A Miesel Apparatus for punching cards
US2913049A (en) * 1959-05-25 1959-11-17 Vip Inc Card punching device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735490A (en) * 1956-02-21 Keysort keypunch
US2781846A (en) * 1954-01-07 1957-02-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Punch selector
US2869641A (en) * 1956-10-22 1959-01-20 Ross A Miesel Apparatus for punching cards
US2913049A (en) * 1959-05-25 1959-11-17 Vip Inc Card punching device

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