US1050438A - Device for regulating pressure. - Google Patents

Device for regulating pressure. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1050438A
US1050438A US1912706146A US1050438A US 1050438 A US1050438 A US 1050438A US 1912706146 A US1912706146 A US 1912706146A US 1050438 A US1050438 A US 1050438A
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Prior art keywords
chamber
tube
pipe
container
mercury
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Herman Eisele
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William Diehl
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K13/00Other constructional types of cut-off apparatus; Arrangements for cutting-off
    • F16K13/08Arrangements for cutting-off not used
    • F16K13/10Arrangements for cutting-off not used by means of liquid or granular medium
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/4456With liquid valves or liquid trap seals
    • Y10T137/4643Liquid valves
    • Y10T137/4666With baffle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8158With indicator, register, recorder, alarm or inspection means
    • Y10T137/8326Fluid pressure responsive indicator, recorder or alarm

Description

E. BISELE.
DEVICE FOR REGULATING PRESSURE.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 27,1912
Patented Jan. 14, 1913.
OLUMBIA P1. AAAA RAPH c oooooo mu-rim, u.c.
" WQM ready stated to a device for regulating pressection of the same.
HERMAN EISELE, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOB CLEVELAND, OHIO.
TO WILLIAM DIEHL, 0F
DEVICE FOR REGULATING- PRESSURE.
Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed June 27, 1912.
1,056,438. Patented J an. 14, 1913.
Serial No. 706,146.
To all 107mmz't may concern Be it. known that I, HERMAN Ersnnn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Devices for Regulating Pressure, of which the following is a speci fication, the principle of the invention being herein explained and the best mode in which Thave contemplated applying that principle, so as to distinguish it from other inventions.
My invention has gene al reference as alto communicate with the other end of the check-valve 6 and the source of pressure is a connecting pipe 10. A cut-off valve 11 is preferably interposed in advance of the check-valve as clearly indicated. tainer 2 is further provided at its bottom on the other side with another screw-threaded opening 12 to which the faucet 13 is attached for the obvious purpose of permitting the drainage of the container when desired.
Interiorly the container 2 is provided near its upper end, as shown in Fig. II, with a tight partition 14 and this partition is provided upon the side opposite that on which the check-valve is located, with a comparatively small opening 15. This partition should be located as represented, some distance above the level of the water within the container. The partition 14 is moreover provided with another larger and screwthreaded opening 16 in which a mercury tube 17 correspondingly screw-threaded at its upper end is adapted to be suspended. The upper end of this tube projects somesure, while its more particular association is with specific cooperating improvements.
The object of the invention consists in the provision of a device of this character especially adapted for use in conjunction with casks or barrels in which liquids should remain stored under a uniform pressure.
The said invention consists of means which are hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The annexed drawing and the following description set forth in detail certain means embodying my invention, the disclosed means, however, constituting but one of various mechanical forms in which the principle of my invention may be applied.
Referring now to the drawing, in which like reference characters consistently designate similar parts throughout: Figure I is a side elevation of a device embodying the features of my invention. Fig. II is a vertical Fig. III is an enlarged represented in Fig. II. enlarged section of the III taken on a transwith a screw-cap 18. This screw-cap is provided with an opening 19 through which a pipe 20 extends to a point near the bottom of the mercury-tube. The lowermost extremity of this pipe is closed by a laterally perforated cap 21, and as seen in Fig. TI is normally submerged in the mercury. A setscrew 22 extending through the side of the screw-cap 18 is adapted to abut the pipe 20 whereby its adjustment with respect to the bottom of the tube may be effected as will be readily understood. The screw-cap 18 is likewise provided with another screwthreaded opening 23, the purpose of which will be presently manifested.
A pipe 24 passes through the opening 4 and being similarly screw-threaded at its lowermost extremity, is designed to find accommodation within the opening 23. The portion of this pipe 24 immediately above. the retainer cap 3 is surrounded with any acceptable form of stuffing box 25. Supported above the pipe 24 either as an integral part of it as suggested, or through the medium of any other feasible mode is a separating chamber 26. This chamber is provided above with an opening 27 communieating with the atmosphere. The chamber 26 has attached to it interiorly a duct 28 of considerable length though of smaller crossview of one detail as Fig. IV is a similarly detail shown in Fig. verse line.
The structure comprises in its entirety as seen in either Figs. I or II any suitable type of base 1 which supports a water-retainer 2. This retainer is preferably though not necessarily of elongated cylindrical shape and inclosed at the top with a screw-cap 3. This cap is shown provided with a centrally disposed opening 4, the purpose of which will be hereinafter apparent. The container is furthermore provided below with a screwthreaded inlet opening 5 in which any approved type of check-valve 6 may be seated. This valve comprises in turn the common type of disk 7 provided with a comparatively smaller centrally disposed opening 8 and a properly sized valve seat 9. Adapted which. it projects to a point near the oi? the nuu'cury-tube. The duct 98 llared at its uppcrumst extremity to comprise two a curved sections 29 and 30 each conforming and tightly ailixed to the curvature of (litterent sides 01 the interior surface of the chamber 26. The section :29 forms a close Joechunical fit with a portion of the lower surtace ot the chamber '26 While the section 30 projects more nearly upright and though extending); entirely across the chamber laterally with respect to the (ll1't(,il()1l ol its projectioiu is spaced from and non-contiguous Will! the opposite louer surtuce of the chamber ill. hrs termed the sections 29 and 30 sectional area than the pipe et con .itute partitions 'l oriningr an upwardly T l 'll lfiCi'lllg cupshaped pocket or li'unel.
chamber is also fashioned, interiorlj ,stantially horizontal partition 8 iqht distance alicre the upper e3;- treniiily o. be section as best seen in l ie l his partition 31 is then curred first upwardly and tl'ien downsardl at 32 to assume a substantially semicircular tl'orin harce 0?; remity proj ecting directly d. The chamber 26 still further interiorly with ballle-plate S t inrposcd betweei the curvature and the ct'ion thoueh nou-contigutms with both. is preferably shaped as an lil'u'Ql'z-VJ cur with the u er portion par- ;toll :.;i'uc; the cur iturc and the i "*en'iiti. extending down, into the cup-sr upcd pocl-zet to a point i-alightly below the unper extreuiit; oil the section 30. The upper surface of the battle-plate 3' is moreorer ser rated.
rheriorly the n'at rcontainer 2 is proii led with the coiunmn tfpe of insert xalres and ST spaced some distance from eacl Jther and connected with the usual. graduu'ith a so. spaced a SE55. Connected with this i 37 a pipe 39 and connected turn u uh this pipe is a pressure gage l-O. The propos s of this mechanism being; com.- mon to the. art, it requires no elaborate er:- pl :1 n a. ti on.
The 0; oration of my pressure regulatir J .50 device may now be stated to be as 'lOllOWSi l sunnn a given quantity of Water and IGSPGCllYBlj/ Within the mercury inclosed.
noted in 1 no 1H d own throu eh bottom hi own being drawn through it. 1-, r passing through the opening 15, the g: are ob- YlOllSlV compelled to travel downwardly through the pipe 20 and hence necessarily exert upward a pressure upon the supply of m rcury in which the discharge opening of this pipe is submerged. lnasmuch as the height ot the column of mercury disposed above the cap directly (iletern'iines the degree of pr ssure which it will oil-set it beccnics necessary to provide adjustment means such for exanu'ile as the simple e2;- ;j cdicnt of a set-scrcw l l ere it not necess'sarjv in acti'ial practice to make allowances for the misllauidling or hasty manipulation or a device ct this character-, the mercurytube 1.? might have direct communication with the atmosphere. It is therettu'e because a colun'umicttion between the reccptacle in which the liquid under prc cure being; stored and a pressure regulating deott this type is likely to be established with undue suddenncss by completel openin the valve ll at one stroke, that the additicual pro "ion of a separating; means has o be prmnied to preclude the projection U tl Q l re ltai t loss of globules ot 1. cu Y ii the nced "tor the prevention this pipe. la" chamber 26. Tr chamber absolutely prelischaree into the atmosphere as any globules of mercury coinci- 1 oiscl irge thereto ot' a measu'e co; .r'ibuted to brine; about a his pr ssure. This measure of harq been suddenly discharged would unquestionably tend to se iarate and carry up- (211 ll} with. it through the pipe Ql globules of me 'cur v Directi notice now to the int rior cont ruction. oi; the eparatinp; chainl i. will be observed that the course of mercury as have been progdly Will pass around beti'veen chamber and the section 30 i against the under tiall J horizontal parti- 1 the serrnted upper surttace life 34:, thereafter in either n3. event eventually, either tall once l); the ciion of gravity directly into -loch 1 the curved i .7 around llfil j T '7 partition to simih rly tall such pocket. The itself in the will have of course taken the diast resistance and been dis charged out through the opening 27 into the atmosphere, and at the same time the globules of mercury, whose discharge from the chamber was effectually hindered, have been returned again through the duct 28 to commingle with the original supply.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A device of the character described comprising the combination of a water-oon tainer, a pipe connecting said container with a source of pressure, a mercury tube communicating with the upper part of said container, a separating chamber connected with the upper part of said tube, a partition within said chamber, a duct communicating with the bottom of said chamber and with said tube, and provided on its upper end with a flared port-ion forming in conjunction with said chamber a funnel within said chamber and a baffie plate interposed between said partition and funnel and intersecting the latter.
2. A device of the character described comprising the combination of a water-container, a pipe connecting said container with a source of pressure, a mercury-tube, a second pipe connecting the upper part of said container with the lower part of said tube, a separating chamber, a third pipe connect ing the upper part of said tube with said chamber, a duct connecting the lower part of said tube with said chamber and extending through said last mentioned pipe, and a baflie plate positioned within said chamber.
3. A device of the character described comprising the combination of a closed upright water-container having a lower inlet, a closed upright mercury-tube, a pipe connecting the upper part of said container with the lower part of said tube, an open separating chamber located above and connected with the upper part of said tube, a
duct projecting into the lower part of both chamber and tube, the upper extremity of said duct being flared and contiguous to one side of said chamber and a baffle plate positioned within said chamber.
4- A device of the character described comprising the combination of a closed upright water-container having a lower inlet, a check valve connected therewith, a closed upright mercury-tube, a pipe connecting the upper part of said container with the lower part of said tube, an open separating chamber located above and connected with the upper part of said tube, a duct projecting into the lower part of both chamber and tube, the upper extremity of said duct being flared and forming in conjunction with one side of said chamber a pocket, plate positioned over said pocket.
5. A device of the character described, comprising the combination of a base, a water container mounted thereon and pro vided with a lower inlet and an upper outlet, a check valve at said inlet, a pressure gage associated with said container, a mercury-tube supported within said container, said mercury-tube being provided above with a pair of openings, one such opening being in communication with said container, a duct extending through the other of said openings and projecting from said container, a separator connected outside with said duct, said separator being provided interiorly with a plurality of baflie plates confronting said outlet, and another duct projecting into both separator and tube, the upper portion of said last mentioned duct inclosing the lower portion of one of said plates.
Signed by me, this 26th day of June, 1912.
HERMAN EISELE.
Attested by- OMAR E. MUELLER, LYNN E. MUELLER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
and a battle
US1912706146 1912-06-27 1912-06-27 Device for regulating pressure. Expired - Lifetime US1050438A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2751926A (en) * 1953-03-20 1956-06-26 Rca Corp Liquid seal
US3629980A (en) * 1970-01-05 1971-12-28 Hordis Bros Inc Multiglazed window unit

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2751926A (en) * 1953-03-20 1956-06-26 Rca Corp Liquid seal
US3629980A (en) * 1970-01-05 1971-12-28 Hordis Bros Inc Multiglazed window unit

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