US1044983A - Box-magazine for firearms. - Google Patents

Box-magazine for firearms. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1044983A
US1044983A US67893912A US1912678939A US1044983A US 1044983 A US1044983 A US 1044983A US 67893912 A US67893912 A US 67893912A US 1912678939 A US1912678939 A US 1912678939A US 1044983 A US1044983 A US 1044983A
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United States
Prior art keywords
casing
magazine
inner
outer casing
follower
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US67893912A
Inventor
Milton W H Brown
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Milton W H Brown
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Priority to US67893912A priority Critical patent/US1044983A/en
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Publication of US1044983A publication Critical patent/US1044983A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/61Magazines
    • F41A9/64Magazines for unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/65Box magazines having a cartridge follower

Description

M. W. H. BROWN. BOX MAGAZINE POR HREARMS',

APPLICATION FILED IEBJO, 1912.

Patented Nov. 19

44o and,'Figl. 6 is ,a yperspective view dof a T- i mi lTED smreararnnr 4orador.

MILTON w. n. BROWN, or TBENTON, NEW JERSEY.

Boxmaeezmn Foa meneame. 4

d Specicaton of Letters Patient. Patented Nov, 19, gt, application slee @february ao, 1eray serial Nc. 678,939.

ballwhomitmayconcem:,

Be it known that I, NmroN W. H. BROWN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Trenton, in the county of Mercer and 'State l of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful ImprovementsA in Box-Maga-A Y zinesfor Firearms; and I do hereby'declare the following to'be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will '10 enable others skilled in the art to which' it appertains to make and use the same.

g My invention relates to magazines of the box Atype especially adapted for ire arms,I

and has for its object to provide a magazine may be loaded with" great rapidity, (and which will possess other advantages to be' A d and are adapted torest; when the follower described below. n With these and otherv I construction and' combinations off vparte more fully` hereinafter disclosedlanud -par; ticu'iarly pointed out in theeelaims.

;Referring to thefaccompanying. drawingsv view through the rear portion of a re arm and its magazine@ id illustrating the rela-i 3D tion of the magazieand breech bolt; Fig.V

2 is a cross sectional view' taken on the line 2-1-2 ofFig. 1; Fig. 3 is' a side elevational view of thefmagazine detached from. the

l A showing the'cartridge holding portion. 1n-- its lowermost position ready for 'recelvl l in Vcartrid throughfthe feed fopening';

l s. ies end elevational'view ofthe parts shown in Fig. 3;' Fig.r5 isv a jpersp'ec# tive view showing one end ofthe follower;-

Y shapedliig fitting ,said follower. n Y I indicates' the barrel,` 2 the breech bolt, 3 the receiver-,'4 the Vuter ,casing o'f my box magazine provided with lugs -or bossesv 5 45,. through which pass the thumb screws `6 havin the/stems' 7 provided with screwjthrea ed -portions 8 only'on that portion of .'thesaid ste'mf which engages the llugs or "'sses;andsaidthumb screws are also pro- Q withvthe shoulder p ortions 92 which spring 16, 'resting between said follower and of this character-intowhich the cartridges.

objets wie; the 20 invention consists in', the-,novel details of spring 25 carried ate like parts ,in all the fake-seiner the said 1u 5,38 will beam .from igs. 1 andv 3.` T e saidouter casing ,4 islfurther provided with a notch 10 into .which its athnmb-catch 1'1 controlled yby the spring; 12, as shown. Slidingly tting the said casing 4 is the inner casingv13Y provided at each end with the slots 14 through Vwhich the stems^7 pass. Fitting within said innercasing -13 but not carried thereby, is the cartridge follower 15 controlled by the the bottom I7 of said inner casing. The

said follower 15 has downwardly extending lends or lugs 18 having openings 19 into which' lit the Tshaped. lugs 20', as best shown-in Figs. 1, 5 and 6..A The heads21 of these .lugs slide in said slots 14, as shown,

is in jfs'lowest position, jupon the extreme Thesaid bottom 17' of the inner v@asin T13' is rovided with an elongated slot 22'1nto which fits the 'slidingblock 23 Vassociated witirthe2 friction controlled' by" the l ysaidbottom 17.v .Fits ting,the block. 23, are the screw-threaded. ends of the ,thumb nuts 26 havingthe en.- -largied stem portions 27 passingthfoughthe said outer and inner casings, as shown'. The inner casing 13, as best shown in Fig. 3,; is further' provided with 'slots 28,'4 one on each side to llmit the movement of the stems 27 therein, when the block 23 is moved.'v e outer casing`4 isfurther provided on ch side with 'afbayonetslot 30 havingl openings 31 adapted tc'yrbef-enteredy by the-said stem vportions 27 of thethumb-screws26, and on magazine whereupon the said inner casing 100 ends of the stems 7, as illustrated ilrlig.A 1: 70-

` through the-rreceiver which 'may be used lower 15 to stop in the path of the bolt2.

Stem portions V27 from the bayonetslots 30 and allows said stem portions to descend f Fmi/'lien in this position, the follower 15 will A upwardly whereupon vitsl side walls will slide I l casing 4 and the stems '27 of the thumb shred to the outer casing.y l'lVhen the said; sinner casing is thus locked, fthe parts will be z vl.in .the position shown in Figs; 1 and 2,v

i. in the fmanner well known. tridges `are taken from the magazine, the" t elsaid heads 21 will ride in the slots 14 of tridges upwardly into the path of the bolt 2 in the usual manner, and whenthe last car? follower, strike the upper ends of the slots l23.,.baclr into the position shown`in Fig. 1.,@ and thereupon cause the stems 27 to occupy and cartridgesmay be fed oneat a time;

A 9 Iof the thumb screws 6 t tightly against maybe raised to the position shown in Fig. i

2 and forced past the cartridges in the outer casing, as will be clear from the drawings.

The top portion 35 of the innercasingis beveled oif as shown in Fig. 1, in order that the cartridges'may not catch thereon when the ,inner casing' is being pushed home.

36 "represents a cartridge feed opening when the magazine is out of action.

'.Theoperation of my improved box magazine is as follows z-The outer casing 4 is normally fixed tothe fire arm by the ythumb catch y11, and istherefore not intended to be detached frm the arm except at rare in,- tervals when it is necessary to clean the magazine. The follower 15 lifts the cartridge is fired, the heads 21 carried' by :said

14, of the inner casing, and cause the fol- When it is desired to reload the magazine, Ithe`thumb screws 26 are pushed toward the i left as seen in F ig. 3, which disengages their through the openings 3,1, and the inner cas-A to occupy they position shown in Fig. 3.

occupyl a'position about even with the bottoniof the opening33 in the outer casing`4, and cartridges may be inserted one at a time through `thesaid opening 33 until a column ofcartridges occupies the said outer casing 4f When the magazine has been thus lled the bottom casingnlyff may now be forced pasti-he column of cartridges in the outer screws will contactl with 'the cam surfaces' 32 whereupon the slide block 23 willbe autoy matically forced .against the .tension of vthe Asgring 25 toward the leftv. yas seen in 'Fig/"1.

A soon as the opening 31 is passed, however, the said spring 25 will force the block.

thegslot 30 and the inner casing 13 to be sewhereupon the heads 21 ofthe follower will .Contact with the stems 7 of the set screws 6,

fromfvthe top of the magazine by the bolt 2' As the car s ring 16 forces the follower upwardly, and.l

the inner casing and thereby steady the saidv follower and cartridges. Also, the shoulders the lugs or bosses 5 so as to prevent the said thumb screws from working loose. Further, when the inner casing 13 is lowered into the position shown in 'F ig. 3, the upper ends of its slot take against they heads 21and the said heads rest upon thesaid stems 7, and therefore the said thumb screws 6 prevent vthe inner casing from being withdrawn and possibly lost.

., The floor 17 of the inner casing is conveniently held in place as by pins 40, and

need not be removed exceptupon very rare n occasions.'

The thumb screws 26 may be setup tightly whileA permitting the inner'casing to move freely at all times. Further, the walls of the inner box 13 extend a distance over the slide block 23 in order to make the movement of the 'slide certain and accurate. It, therefore, follows from the foregoing that by merely pushing forward or toward the left, as seen in Fig. 3, the locking thumb screws 26 until they reach the limit of their forward movement, and then drawing the inner casing downwardly, the magazine may be unlocked and loaded, while the mere pushing of the said inner casing 13 upward,will bring the Xparts ofjthe loaded magazine into operative relationz The pushing of the inner casing home will place the spring 16 under tension, and thec'artridges will be held inthe magazine bythe turned ,over lips of the outer casing 4, as illustrated, the uppermost cartridge lying inthe path of the bolt 2 ready to be forced forward into the chamber of the barrel. When the last cartridge is red, the follower rises finto the path of tle `bolt and stopsthe motion of the latter.

The thumb catch 11 preferably extends into the trigger guardfas shown, soV that it may belreadily operated when desired.

IIn tassembling' the parts, the follower is first inserted intothe inner casing 13 and the lugs 20 are inserted in the holes -19 through the slots 14 of the said inner casing.

The advantages of my present invention will be apparent when vit is rememberedthat the usual detachable magazines are mainly 'used in arms having a solid breech and side ejector. Therefore, the only means of loading is by detaching said magazines from the arm and `ltting the cartridges into them one at a time. Not only is this a tedious opera- 'tion,'but it is liable to'require considerable time at a crisis when such time is of thegutmost valuex In my '.device, on the other hand, Vit will be -seen that the loading is effected without detaching the' magazine at v all. urther, it is well recognized that'the most practical type of box magazine is the typeknown as the fixed type, while, on the other hand, the great objection to a detachable magazine asl proved, in actual practice, is the fact that the box being separable from tervals for the purpose o imanes the arm is very liable to getll'ost. Now, my

out the disadvantages of the latter. In other words, although the outer casing 4 is not positively fixed to the arm, yet it need not be removed therefrom except at long in! i cleaning. Also, my ientiremagazine is so constructed that it canfbe ,taken apart Ventirely by hand without the use of any tool.

It is obvious that those skilled in 'the art' may vary the details of construction and the arrangement of parts without `departing from the spirit of my linvention, and thereJ fore I do not wish to be limited to the above disclosure except as may be required by the claims.

What I claim is 1. 4In a box magazine for'fire arms, the

fcombination ofan outer casing;I an inner casing telescopically associated with said outer casing; 'a slot and pin connection between' said inner and .outer casings preventing the separation of the saiiie while permitting a free relative movement; said outer casing also provided with aV cartridge feed opening, and Vsaid inner casingadapted to normally close said opening, but to 'uncover 'the same for the admission of cartridges when in its extended osition; .and means lf or ,.'detachably attaching fsaid inner and outer casings together when said inner ca'sing is inits closed position', substantially as described: v f k2. In a box magazine for tire-arms, the

combination of anouter casing; an inner vcasing provided wit-li slots 6telescopiiig in said outer `casing;'pins passing through said outer casing and slots normally preventing the com lete separatipii of'said innerycasing from saidrouterlcasing; saidouter cas' in proyided with a vcartridge f eedfopeningb e ow which said innersing lis adapted.v

nger which said 1n-` to nieve; and a follower ner casin moves. supported by saidiouter casing, su stantially as described;

.'1 3. Ina box magazine, for lire arms, the

combinationvof an ,outer casing; an( inner casing provided with slots telescoping 1n vsaid outer-casing; pins passing through said outer casing and slots normally preventing the complete separation of said inner casing from said outer casing; said outer casing provided .with a cartridge feed openingbe low which said .inner casing is adapted' to.

move; a slot and pin connection between said inner and outer casings for detachably locking the same together when said inner casing is inL its closed position; and a follower over which said inner casing moves supported Aby said outer casing, substantially as described.

l 4. In a box magazine for lire arms, the combination'ofJ an outer casing; an inner casing provided with slots telescoping in said outer casing; pins passing through said outer casing and slots normally preventing the complete separation of said inner casing 'fromV said outer casing; said outer casing provided with a cartridge feed opening pins and adapted to slidein said slots, sub-` stantially as described.

5. In a box magazine for tire arms, the

combination of an 'outer casing; an inner casing provided with closed slots^ telescoping in saidV outer casing; pins passing throiigh said outer' casing and slots normally preventing said inner casing from being detached from said outer casing; a follower provided with vlugs sliding in said slots -adapted to rest onsaid pins; av bottom inl said inner casing;` a' spring between said zfollower and bottom;l and a spring con- -trolled catch associated with said bottom vadapted to detachably secure said inner and outer casings together, substantially asdescribed.

6. In a readily attachable and' detachable box magazine for re arms, the combina--V tion of v an outer casing extending transversely of the. piece l"and provided with. a cartridge feed opening; an scoping in said outer'casing, adapted to cover and uncover said fopening;l a follower in ico inner casing telesaid outer casing overwliich said inner casing'also' telescopes; means for detachably securing said inner casing to said outer casing; and acatch for detachably securing said out r casing to the piece, substantiallyA 7. In a readily attachable' and detachablev ,magazine Afor fire arms, the combinaand provided with means normally preventing its complete detachment from said outer casing; a follower over which said inner casing is adapted to telescopp; and a pivoted catch :torv securinglsaid\outer casing to the piece, substantially as described.

izo

8. In a readily attachable and detachable box magazine for re arms, the combination of an outer casing extending transversely of the piece and provided with a cartid e feed opening; an inner casing telescopica y `associated with said outer casing adapted to cover and uncover Said openlng and prosaid outer oasng to the pece,substanti1ly 'vided with means normally preventing its as describedf v 10 complete detachment from said outer casn testimony Lwhereof, I aflx my signaing; a follower over which said inner casture, in presence of-two Witnesses.

5 ing moves; a sprngbetween said follower f MILTON W. H. BROWN.

and said inner casing for actuating said fol- Wtnesses: Y lower; and a spring controlled catch asso- ,MARY E. CASSERLY,

{Giatedwth the trigger guard for securing JOHN T. TEMPLE.

US67893912A 1912-02-20 1912-02-20 Box-magazine for firearms. Expired - Lifetime US1044983A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2620582A (en) * 1949-04-05 1952-12-09 Earl M Stukas Firearm magazine
US2944357A (en) * 1958-05-15 1960-07-12 Western Follower Corp Cartridge magazine follower for automatic pistols
US3516189A (en) * 1968-04-19 1970-06-23 Olin Mathieson Magazine with movable feed lips and guide fingers
US3964199A (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-06-22 Musgrave Daniel D Adjustable spring assembly
US4237638A (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-12-09 Trexler Gene D Box magazine replacement kit for bolt action rifles
US4472900A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-09-25 Howard William J Telescoping magazine
US4831761A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-05-23 Kulakow Eric M Gun magazine and spring assembly
US5113605A (en) * 1990-02-06 1992-05-19 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Length-variable magazine
US20040255503A1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2004-12-23 Fitzpatrick Richard M. Ammunition magazines with integral handles
US20110107639A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 James Lee Douglas Easy Loading Magazine
US20120131830A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-31 David Froehle Quick loading magazine
US20130081315A1 (en) * 2011-09-29 2013-04-04 Alan T. Thordsen Systems and Methods for Releasing Detachable Firearm Magazines
US20130255125A1 (en) * 2012-03-31 2013-10-03 Randy Bath Firearm Magazine Incorporating Spring Tension Relief Mechanism
US8713835B1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-05-06 CRMAG Associates Capacity reducible magazine
US8863422B2 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-10-21 Brookshire Tool & Mfg. Co., Inc. Magazine with detachable feed lip element
US8966801B1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-03-03 Adaptive Tactical Llc Modular shotgun box magazine
US20150338180A1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2015-11-26 Howa Machinery, Ltd. Magazine lock and portable firearm
US20160370138A1 (en) * 2015-06-17 2016-12-22 Albert ZAMM Spring-adjustment assembly of firearm magazine
WO2018044950A1 (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-03-08 Unit Solutions, LLC Non-lethal gas operated gun

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2620582A (en) * 1949-04-05 1952-12-09 Earl M Stukas Firearm magazine
US2944357A (en) * 1958-05-15 1960-07-12 Western Follower Corp Cartridge magazine follower for automatic pistols
US3516189A (en) * 1968-04-19 1970-06-23 Olin Mathieson Magazine with movable feed lips and guide fingers
US3964199A (en) * 1975-06-02 1976-06-22 Musgrave Daniel D Adjustable spring assembly
US4237638A (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-12-09 Trexler Gene D Box magazine replacement kit for bolt action rifles
US4472900A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-09-25 Howard William J Telescoping magazine
US4831761A (en) * 1988-06-09 1989-05-23 Kulakow Eric M Gun magazine and spring assembly
US5113605A (en) * 1990-02-06 1992-05-19 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Length-variable magazine
US20040255503A1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2004-12-23 Fitzpatrick Richard M. Ammunition magazines with integral handles
US8316567B2 (en) * 2009-11-10 2012-11-27 James Lee Douglas Easy loading magazine
US20110107639A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 James Lee Douglas Easy Loading Magazine
US9103614B2 (en) * 2010-11-29 2015-08-11 David Froehle Quick loading magazine
US20120131830A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-05-31 David Froehle Quick loading magazine
US9267748B2 (en) * 2011-09-29 2016-02-23 Alan T. Thordsen Systems and methods for releasing detachable firearm magazines
US20130081315A1 (en) * 2011-09-29 2013-04-04 Alan T. Thordsen Systems and Methods for Releasing Detachable Firearm Magazines
US20130255125A1 (en) * 2012-03-31 2013-10-03 Randy Bath Firearm Magazine Incorporating Spring Tension Relief Mechanism
US8863422B2 (en) * 2012-07-23 2014-10-21 Brookshire Tool & Mfg. Co., Inc. Magazine with detachable feed lip element
US20150338180A1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2015-11-26 Howa Machinery, Ltd. Magazine lock and portable firearm
US9513077B2 (en) * 2013-01-11 2016-12-06 Howa Machnery, Ltd. Magazine lock and portable firearm
US8752317B1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-06-17 CRMAG Associates, Trustee for CRMAG CRT Trust Capacity reducible magazine
US8713835B1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-05-06 CRMAG Associates Capacity reducible magazine
US8966801B1 (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-03-03 Adaptive Tactical Llc Modular shotgun box magazine
US9285176B2 (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-03-15 Adaptive Tactical Llc Modular shotgun box magazine
US20160370138A1 (en) * 2015-06-17 2016-12-22 Albert ZAMM Spring-adjustment assembly of firearm magazine
WO2018044950A1 (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-03-08 Unit Solutions, LLC Non-lethal gas operated gun

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