US10107983B2 - Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance - Google Patents

Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US10107983B2
US10107983B2 US15/142,853 US201615142853A US10107983B2 US 10107983 B2 US10107983 B2 US 10107983B2 US 201615142853 A US201615142853 A US 201615142853A US 10107983 B2 US10107983 B2 US 10107983B2
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
optical fiber
side
core
emitting optical
light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US15/142,853
Other versions
US20170315318A1 (en
Inventor
Robert Adam Modavis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Corning Optical Communications LLC
Original Assignee
Corning Optical Communications LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Corning Optical Communications LLC filed Critical Corning Optical Communications LLC
Priority to US15/142,853 priority Critical patent/US10107983B2/en
Assigned to Corning Optical Communications LLC reassignment Corning Optical Communications LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MODAVIS, ROBERT ADAM
Publication of US20170315318A1 publication Critical patent/US20170315318A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US10107983B2 publication Critical patent/US10107983B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4439Auxiliary devices
    • G02B6/447Auxiliary devices locatable, e.g. magnetic means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/0001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • G02B6/0005Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems the light guides being of the fibre type
    • G02B6/001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems the light guides being of the fibre type the light being emitted along at least a portion of the lateral surface of the fibre
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/10Light guides of the optical waveguide type
    • G02B6/14Mode converters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4495Optical cables with provision in the cable protection, e.g. weak line, for gaining access to one or more fibres, e.g. for branching or tapping

Abstract

A traceable cable and method of forming the same. The cable includes at least one data transmission element, a jacket, and a side-emitting optical fiber. The side-emitting optical fiber includes a core having a first index of refraction and a cladding having a second index of refraction that is different than the first index of refraction. The cladding substantially surrounding the core and has an exterior surface with spaced apart scattering sites penetrating the exterior surface. The scattering sites are capable of scattering light so that the scattered light is emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber at discrete locations. The core also includes one or more mode coupling features capable of changing at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light, thereby increasing light emitted from the scattering sites.

Description

BACKGROUND

This disclosure generally relates to fiber optic cables having waveguides that scatter light from the side thereof. More particularly, this disclosure relates to cables and cable assemblies, such as patch cords, that are traceable due to the addition of at least one side-emitting optical fiber.

Today's computer networks continue to increase in size and complexity. Businesses and individuals rely on these networks to store, transmit, and receive critical data at high speeds. Even with the expansion of wireless technology, wired connections remain critical to the operation of computer networks, including enterprise data centers. Portions of these wired computer networks are regularly subject to removal, replacement, upgrade or other moves and changes. To ensure the continued proper operation of each network, the maze of cables connecting the individual components must be precisely understood and properly connected between specific ports.

In many cases, a network's cables, often called patch cords, can be required to bridge several meters across a data center. The cables may begin in one equipment rack, run through the floor or other conduit, and terminate at a component in a second equipment rack.

As a result, there is a need for a traceable cable that provides a means for the network operator to quickly identify the path and approximate terminal end of a given cable that is being replaced, relocated, or tested.

SUMMARY

The present disclosure relates to traceable cables and side-emitting waveguides used in the same. In one embodiment of this disclosure, the cable includes at least one data transmission element, a jacket at least partially surrounding the at least one data transmission element, and a side-emitting optical fiber incorporated with and extending along at least a portion of the length of the cable. The side-emitting optical fiber has a core and a cladding substantially surrounding the core to define an exterior surface. The cladding has spaced apart scattering sites penetrating the exterior surface along the length of the optical fiber. The scattering sites scatter light so that the scattered light is emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber at discrete locations. The core has mode coupling features capable of changing, or “coupling,” at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light. The mode coupling features are spaced apart along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber to redistribute light along the length of the fiber and to enable more uniform light emission from the scattering sites. In some cases, one or more mode coupling features are located between each pair of scattering sites. When light is transmitted through the side-emitting optical fiber, light scattered from the side-emitting optical fiber allows the cable to be traced along at least a portion of the length thereof.

The present disclosure also includes methods of forming traceable cables having at least one data transmission element and a jacket at least partially surrounding the at least one data transmission element. The methods may include forming a side-emitting optical fiber by: adding a cladding around a core to create an exterior surface, the cladding having a different index of refraction than the core, creating scattering sites in the exterior surface configured to allow the side-emitting optical fiber to scatter light therefrom, and at least partially embedding the side-emitting optical fiber within the jacket so that the side-emitting optical fiber extends along at least a portion of a length of the cable. The method may also include modifying portions of the core to create mode coupling features capable of changing at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light, thereby redistributing light to enable a more uniform light emission from the scattering sites.

Additional features and advantages will be set forth in the detailed description which follows, and in part will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. It is to be understood that the foregoing general description, the following detailed description, and the accompanying drawings are merely exemplary and intended to provide an overview or framework to understand the nature and character of the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate one or more embodiments, and together with the description serve to explain principles and operation of the various embodiments. Features and attributes associated with any of the embodiments shown or described may be applied to other embodiments shown, described, or appreciated based on this disclosure.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an equipment rack supporting patch cords.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an under-floor cable tray supporting patch cords.

FIG. 3 is a side view, partially in cross-section, of a portion of a traceable cable assembly according to one embodiment.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the cable assembly of FIG. 3 along the plane IV-IV.

FIG. 5 is a lengthwise cross sectional view of a tracer element of the cable assembly according to embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 6 is a schematic view of light propagating through and being scattered from the tracer element of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is a lengthwise cross sectional view of another embodiment of a tracer element of a cable assembly according to embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 8 is a schematic view of light propagating through an ellipsoidal index perturbation according to embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 9 is a graph showing output light power versus fiber length for a fiber with mode coupling features and a fiber without mode coupling features.

FIG. 10 shows a method of forming a side-emitting optical fiber as the tracer element of FIG. 7.

FIG. 11 shows another method of forming a side-emitting optical fiber as the tracer element of FIG. 7.

FIG. 12 shows example scattering sites of the side-emitting optical fiber as viewed under a microscope.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Various embodiments will be further clarified by examples in the description below. In general, the description relates to side-emitting waveguides, cables, and cable assemblies using the waveguides to facilitate the traceability of the cable or cable assembly. This description also relates to methods of forming the side-emitting waveguides, cables and cable assemblies.

A problem that occurs in data centers or similar network locations is congestion and clutter caused by large quantities of cables. FIG. 1 shows an example of congestion in an equipment rack 110. FIG. 2 shows congestion in an under-floor cable tray 210. Network operators frequently need to change connections to accommodate moves, adds, and changes in the network. However, operators find it difficult to trace a particular cable from the source to the receiver when the network location is congested, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.

An aspect of this disclosure is the provision of side-emitting waveguides, usable within traceable cables, which provide efficient light emission that may provide visibility of the waveguide in well-lit rooms over a significant distance. Another aspect of this disclosure is the efficient manufacture of such waveguides. Yet another aspect of this disclosure is the provision of a side-emitting waveguide that provides a uniform light emission from the scattering sites along the length of the waveguide.

FIG. 3 illustrates a cable assembly 1 with improved tracing capabilities according to embodiments of the present disclosure. The cable assembly 1 includes a cable 3, tracer locations 4, and a connector 5. Although not shown, it should be understood that a connector 5 may be present on each opposite end of the cable 3 to allow the cable assembly 1 to act as a patch cord between components of a network. The connector 5 may vary widely depending on the nature of the cable 3 and the components being connected. The specific connector 5 selected should match the port configuration of the network component and will vary based upon the quantity and type of signals being transmitted by the cable 3. In those instances in which the cable 3 includes connectors 5, the distance between the connectors 5 defines a length for the cable 3. The cables 3 of the present disclosure are not specifically limited in their length. Rather, the cable 3 may have any suitable length. For example, in some instances, the cable 3 has a length of at least about 1 meter and up to several tens of meters, such as one-hundred meters.

FIG. 4 illustrates a cross section of the cable 3 representing one possible embodiment. The cable 3 may include one or more data transmission elements 7. Two such data transmission elements 7 are shown in FIG. 4. The data transmission elements 7 may be of the same type or different types as compared to one another. Generally, a data transmission element 7 is a structure capable of carrying a data signal from one end of the cable 3 to the other. The data transmission element 7 may be configured to transmit an electrical signal, for example, using a copper wire or other electrically conductive material. Alternatively, or in addition, the data transmission element 7 may be configured to transmit an optical signal by conducting electromagnetic waves such as ultraviolet, infrared, or visible light to carry data from one location to another. In some embodiments, the cable 3 may be more appropriately referred to as a conduit, without having any data transmission elements 7. Instead of transmitting a data signal, these cables 3 may transmit fluids such as air or liquid. These cables 3 may be appropriate for use in a medical setting such as IV lines or oxygen tubing.

The cable 3 includes a jacket 10. The jacket 10 may be a hollow tube forming a conduit that substantially surrounds the data transmission elements 7 and that defines an outer surface of the cable 3. Alternatively, the data transmission elements 7 may be only partially embedded within the jacket 10.

Cables 3 of the present disclosure include a tracer element 15. The tracer element 15 is provided to enable an operator to identify the cable 3 at one or more areas along the cable 3. The operator can visually identify the tracer element 15 with or without special equipment, such as an IR camera.

One example of a tracer element 15 is a side-emitting optical fiber 20 used to identify one or more portions of the cable 3. The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be referred to interchangeably as a side-emitting optical waveguide herein. Therefore this disclosure does not intend to differentiate between the terms “optical fiber” and “optical waveguide” per se. The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may conduct nonvisible light or visible light, such as green light at approximately 532 nm. Red light, blue light, or a combination thereof could also be used to assist with tracing the cable 3. Green light may be used due to the relative high degree of sensitivity of the human eye to green light.

As seen in FIG. 4, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be embedded within a portion of the jacket 10. In alternative embodiments, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 could be adjacent to the data transmission elements 7 inside a cavity formed by the jacket 10 or coupled to an external surface of the jacket 10. If the side-emitting optical fiber 20 is within such the cavity of the jacket 10, the jacket 10 may have at least some areas that are highly transparent. In yet other embodiments, the entire jacket 10 may be transparent. In some embodiments, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 could be provided on or mounted to the outside of the jacket 10. Still referring to FIG. 4, the jacket 10 may include a pigmented portion 22 and an un-pigmented portion 24. The pigment used in the pigmented portion 22 may be selected to identify the nature of the cable 3 to one of ordinary skill in the art, based on the number, type, and arrangement of data transmission elements 7 therein. The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be embedded within the un-pigmented portion 24. The un-pigmented portion 24 may include some pigment, but is typically more optically transparent than the pigmented portion 22. Therefore by locating the side-emitting optical fiber 20 within the un-pigmented portion 24, any light scattered from the side-emitting optical fiber 20 will be more visible.

Turning to FIG. 5, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 includes at least a core 30 and a cladding 32. The core 30 may be made from glass, particularly silica-based glass, having a first index of refraction. Alternatively, the core 30 may be formed from a polymer. The size of the core 30 is not particularly limited, but in some embodiments diameters may be between and including about 100 microns and about 250 microns. The core may be, for example, 125 microns. Cores that are significantly smaller may be subject to damage from handling, and cores that are significantly larger may be subject to damage when bending.

In some embodiments, the core 30 may be a substantially solid core, generally free of voids or air pockets as found within the airline optical fiber type of diffusive optical fibers. In other embodiments, the core 30 may include mode coupling features 102, as described in more detail below. A core 30 that is free from voids may facilitate splicing, polishing, or other processing operations, which may be needed in some embodiments to make ends of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 compatible with a device for launching light into the side-emitting optical fiber 20 or receiving light from the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

The cladding 32 can be a polymer, such as fluoro-acrylate. In the embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the material for the cladding 32 is selected to have an index of refraction that differs from the index of refraction of the core 30. In some embodiments the index of refraction of the cladding 32 is lower than that of the core. In some embodiments, the indices of refraction produce a step-index optical fiber. In other embodiments, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be a trapezium or triangular index fiber. The cladding 32 closely surrounds the core 30 to help maintain light within the side-emitting optical fiber 20. The cladding 32 may have a thickness between about 4% and about 40% of the diameter of the core 30. For example, the cladding 32 may be between about 5 and about 50 microns thick from the surface of the core 30 to an exterior surface 36 of the cladding 32 when the core 30 has a diameter of 125 microns. The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be a single mode fiber or a multi-mode fiber.

According to embodiments of the present description, scattering sites 40 are selectively provided at spaced apart locations on the cladding 32 along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. Scattering sites 40 are areas where light, which is otherwise traveling along the side-emitting optical fiber 20, is scattered and therefore able to be emitted from the side of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. Light is schematically shown being emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber 20 by dashed lines in FIG. 6.

In some embodiments, scattering sites 40 are areas where the exterior surface 36 is modified, removed, deformed, damaged, or otherwise penetrated to produce optical surfaces tending to scatter light. The scattering sites 40 may penetrate the exterior surface 36 to extend partially or completed through the cladding 32 to the core 30. Additionally, some or all of the scattering sites 40 may be annular or otherwise generally ring shaped, extending around the entire circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. In some embodiments, as understood from FIG. 6, each scattering site 40 does not extend around the full circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. The individual scattering sites 40 may sweep an arc approximately 180 degrees, 90 degrees, or even less around the circumference. The scattering sites 40 may be aligned horizontally on the side-emitting optical fiber 20 or may be radially distributed around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

Scattering sites 40 having a complete ring shape may provide the most uniformly scattered light, but a full ring is not believed necessary to have light scatter in all 360 degrees around a lengthwise axis of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 and/or light to be seen 360 degrees a lengthwise axis of the cable 3. The scattering sites 40 scatter light generally in all directions with varying intensity. Therefore, each scattering site 40 directs light immediately out of an adjacent portion of the exterior surface 36, and also directs light back through the core 30 and out an opposite portion of the exterior surface 36 as schematically illustrated in FIG. 6. Scattering light from the side-emitting optical fiber 20 about 360 degrees can be desired to avoid directionality in the side-emitting optical fiber 20. Directionality may require more precise orientation of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 with the jacket 10 and cable 3. If the side-emitting optical fiber 20 emitted light in a particular direction, that emission direction may need to be oriented toward the exterior of the cable 3 to be visible. Again, by scattering light 360 degrees around the side-emitting optical fiber 20, the side-emitting optical fiber allows the scattered light be to be seen from any viewpoint around the lengthwise axis of the cable 3. As noted above, the scattering sites 40 may also be radially distributed around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 to avoid directionality in the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

The scattering sites 40 may be produced by a variety of mechanical, optical, or chemical processes, and this disclosure is not limited to any of these particular methods. In the embodiment of FIGS. 10 and 11, for example, the scattering sites 40 are produced as the result of ablation caused by impact with high intensity light from a laser 76. The ablation process removes some of the cladding 32 and leaves behind an optically rough surface portion. Several characteristics of the scattering sites 40 may be refined to help ensure that the extraction of light from the core 30 and cladding 32 to provide tracer locations 4 along the cable 3 are each visible in a well-lit environment. The characteristics may also be refined based the practical manufacturability of the cable 3 and side-emitting optical fiber 20. For example, the separation P between the scattering sites 40 may be selected to address the unique challenges associated with cable assemblies for data centers or similar network locations. In one embodiment, the scattering sites 40 are at least about 1 cm apart and less than about 1 meter apart. Scattering sites 40 that are too close together approach a uniform emission along the length of the cable 3, and may lose the efficient use of light provided by the discrete tracer locations 4. Scattering sites 40 that are too far apart may lose the benefits of along-the-length tracer locations 4 and the ability to sufficiently trace the cable 3 in its environment with other cables. Additionally, scattering sites 40 that are too far apart may result in the scattering sites 40 being too far from the terminal end of the cable 3 to provide a tracer location 4 within the appropriate equipment rack 110. An approximate separation P of about 10 cm may balance the light efficiency and traceability benefits, keeping in mind that several of the tracer locations 4 may be hidden behind other cables, effectively increasing the relative spacing between each tracer location 4. In some embodiments, the separation P may facilitate identifying the overall length of the cable 3. For example, the approximate separation P may be about 1 meter in some embodiments, thereby allowing a person to count the tracer locations 4 to approximate the total length of the cable 3 in meters. In other embodiments, the approximate separation P may be about 1 foot, thereby allowing a person to count the tracer locations 4 to estimate the total length of the cable 3 in feet.

As used herein, the cable 3 and the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be described as each having respective launch ends and traced ends. The launch ends can be the known, accessible end of the cable 3 where the network operator would provide (i.e. launch) tracer light into the side-emitting optical fiber 20. The respective traced ends should therefore be understood as the respective ends of the cable 3 and optical fiber 20 opposite the launch ends. The traced end, particularly of the cable 3, is the end of the cable that the operator needs to identify by the tracing process. It should be understood that in some embodiments these ends are not fixed. In other words, for any given operation either end of the cable 3 may constitute the launch end and the traced end. In other embodiments, one end of the cable 3 is the dedicated launching end while the other end of the cable is the dedicated tracing end.

The size of each scattering site 40 may also be chosen based on the challenges associated with cable assemblies for data centers or similar network locations. The size of each scattering site 40 may include the arc sweep around the side-emitting optical fiber 20, as well as the overall depth and diameter of the scattering site 40. The size of each scattering site 40 may also include the magnitude M (FIG. 3) along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 (i.e., “magnitude M” refers to the length of each scattering site measured parallel to the lengthwise axis of the side-emitting optical fiber 20). In some embodiments, the magnitude M may be between about 10 microns and about 50 mm, or even between about 0.5 mm and about 4 mm (such as about 2 mm for one specific example).

Further, the scattering sites 40 may be characterized by their depth D (FIG. 5) from the exterior surface 36 to a point closest to the core 30. One skilled in the art will appreciate that light traveling through the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be described as forming a bell shaped distribution pattern relative to the central lengthwise axis of the core 30. The edges of the distribution, the part traveling through the cladding 32, may be referred to as the evanescent tail of the propagating light. It is this tail that is clipped by the scattering sites 40 and sent traveling in all directions. Therefore, the deeper each scattering site 40 penetrates into the cladding 32, the greater portion of the light distribution that is available for scattering by the scattering site 40.

Therefore, selecting the depth D of each scattering site 40 balances the desire to scatter out a sufficient amount of light to be visible in a well-lit room with the desire to maintain enough light within the side-emitting optical fiber 20 to provide sufficient light to each of the scattering sites 40 downstream.

In some embodiments, the scattering sites 40 may remove the cladding 32 completely down to the core 30. In one example, the scattering sites 40 do not completely remove the cladding 32 at the given location. Depths D may include between about 1% to about 100% of the thickness of the cladding 32. Yet again, the depth D of each scattering site 40 may be substantially consistent along the length of the cable 3. Alternatively, the depth D may vary as a function of the distance from an end of the cable 3 or side-emitting optical fiber 20. For example the depth D may increase with distance from the launch end. The depth D is generally defined as a maximum distance toward the core 30 or a maximum percentage of cladding removal for any given scattering site 40. The process used, and resulting surface profile of each scattering site 40, is likely to render a range of depths for any given scattering site 40. In some embodiments, the range of depths may be minimized and essentially random. In other embodiments, the range of depths may be provided with a general profile, like the concave areas represented in FIGS. 5 and 6.

The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may include at least one coating 50 applied to the exterior surface 36 and scattering sites 40 of the cladding 32. The coating 50 may be between about 10 and about 70 microns thick. The coating 50 may be provided as a layer of protection for the core 30 and the cladding 32. The coating 50 should be at least partially translucent, if not fully transparent, in locations corresponding with the scattering sites 40. The coating 50 may have light transmission windows or have generally uniform light transmission characteristics. The coating 50 may be made from acrylate. The refractive index of the coating 50 may be 1.56 relative to the refractive index of the optical cladding 32 of 1.35.

The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may also include an ink layer 60 applied to the coating 50. The ink layer 60 may be selectively applied to locations corresponding with the scattering sites 40. Alternatively, the ink layer 60 may be uniformly applied to the coating 50. The ink layer 60 may have further scattering elements, such as titanium oxide spheres, configured to diffuse the light being emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber 20. The ink layer 60 is configured to provide each tracer location 4 with an approximate Lambertian distribution pattern.

As noted above, the scattering sites 40 that are furthest from the launch end may be dull compared with the scattering sites 40 closest to the launch end. Long cables 3 may experience this dimming of light emitted by scattering sites 40 that are further from the launch end due to the length of the cable 3 and the number of scattering sites 40 along the length of the cable 3. In these embodiments, the required launch light power is dictated by the amount of light emitted from the farthest scattering site 40 (i.e., the scattering site 40 at the opposite end of the cable 3 from the launch end). Thus, increased launch light power may be required to ensure that the farthest scattering sites 40 emit sufficient light. However, increasing the launch light power can have negative side effects, such as increasing energy costs, increasing battery consumption and increasing eye safety concerns.

As discussed above, light traveling through the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be described as forming a bell shaped distribution pattern relative to the central lengthwise axis of the core 30. A majority of the light traveling through the side-emitting optical fiber 20 travels near the central lengthwise axis of the core 30 and includes low order modes of light. The low order modes of light in a side-emitting optical fiber 20 tend to travel along the side-emitting optical fiber 20 close to a central lengthwise axis of the core 30 and make up a majority of the center of the bell shaped distribution pattern of light in the fiber 20. The edges of the distribution, which are small compared with the amount of light traveling near the central lengthwise axis of the core 30, travel along the side-emitting optical fiber through the edges of the core 30 and in portions of the cladding 32. The light traveling along the portions of the cladding 32 is often referred to as the evanescent tail of the propagating light. This light includes high order modes of light which, in a simplified geometric sense, bounce (i.e., alternate) back and forth between the core 30 and cladding 32. In a simplified sense, the high order mode light includes more bounces per unit distance in the side-emitting optical fiber 20 than the low order mode light. It is this evanescent tail that is clipped and emitted in all directions by the scattering sites 40. Each scattering site 40 diminishes the amount of light remaining in the evanescent tail of the propagating light. Thus, as the launch light propagates along the side-emitting optical fiber 20, the high order modes are preferentially emitted at the scattering sites 40 resulting in a modal volume that is rich in low order modes at large distances from the launch end of the cable 3. The term “high order mode light” is used herein to refer to light that has an effective refractive index between the cladding index of refraction and the average of the cladding and core refractive indices. As used herein, the term “low order mode light” refers to light that has an effective refractive index between the core index of refraction and the average of the cladding and core refractive indices. Thus, for example, in a side-emitting optical fiber 20 in which the core 30 has a refractive index of about 1.52 and the cladding 32 has a refractive index of about 1.50, the high order modes would have an effective refractive index between about 1.50 and about 1.51 and the low order modes would have an effective refractive index between about 1.51 and about 1.52.

Referring now to FIG. 7, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may include mode coupling features 102 distributed periodically along the length of the fiber 20 to maintain more uniformity in brightness at the scatting sites 40 along the length of a cable 3. A mode coupling feature 102 is any element in the side-emitting optical fiber 20 that changes the modal distribution of at least some of the light traveling along the side-emitting optical fiber. Thus, for example, a mode coupling feature 102 may change the relative amount of power carried by the side emitting optical fiber 20 between the LP01 mode and the LP11 mode. In some embodiments, mode coupling features 102 in the side-emitting optical fiber 20 change at least some of the low order mode light to high order modes thereby increasing the light emitted from the scattering sites 40 at large distances from the launch end of the fiber 20. Such a redistribution of the light along the length of the fiber 20 enables a more uniform intensity of light emitted from all the scattering sites 40 and reduces the required launch power at the launch end of the cable 3 for energy considerations and eye safety concerns.

Several example mode coupling features 102 will now be described. In some embodiments, the mode coupling features 102 may be areas of the core 30 or cladding 32 that have a different index of refraction than the immediately surrounding portions of the core 30 or cladding 32. For example, the mode coupling features 102 may be index perturbations in the core 30. Many materials (including polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)) are photosensitive and the refractive index of the material can be permanently changed by exposure to UV light. Thus, to create an index perturbation, the refractive index of small regions of the core 30 are altered by illuminating these regions with UV light. The refractive index change is the greatest at the focused spot (inside the core 30) and gradually decrease away from this spot until it matches the index of the unperturbed (i.e., unilluminated) core 30.

In another example, the mode coupling features 102 are variations in the geometry of the core 30. For example, a deformation of the diameter of the outer surface of the core 30, which is ideally cylindrical in shape, may be created during the drawing process used to create the side-emitting optical fiber 20. By periodically (or aperiodically) changing the draw speed, the diameter of the outer surface of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 can be altered in accordance with the variation in draw speed. In this way, a prescribed number of variations in the diameter of the outer surface of the core 30 with varying magnitudes and spacings can be created. When light contacts the outer perimeter or surface of the core 30, or the interface between the core 30 and the cladding 32, low order modes of light may change to high order modes of light thus increasing the light emitted from the subsequent scattering sites 40.

In some embodiments, a single side-emitting fiber 20 can include more than one type of mode coupling feature 102. For example, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may include one or more index perturbations and one or more variations in the geometry of the core 30. In some embodiments, the mode coupling features 102 are periodically spaced along the length of the side emitting optical fiber 20. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 7, for example, the mode coupling features 102 are each located between a pair of scattering sites 40. Although only a single mode coupling feature 102 is shown between certain scattering sites 40, as shown at reference numbers 112, in other embodiments a plurality of mode coupling features 102 are located between each pair of scattering sites 40, as illustrated at reference numbers 110. In other embodiments, one or more mode coupling features 102 may be aligned with the scattering sites 40 along the length of the fiber 20. In yet other embodiments, the mode coupling features 102 are positioned periodically along the fiber 20 without any specific correlation to the location of the scattering sites 40.

The mode coupling features 102 can be spaced at regular, repeating intervals along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 or can be placed sporadically along the side-emitting optical fiber 20. For example, the mode coupling features 102 can be spaced regularly along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 between about 4 cm and about 1 m apart. In some cases, a distance between adjacent mode coupling features 102 varies as a function of the distance from an end of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

In some embodiments, a plurality of mode coupling features 102 may be group together at periodic locations along the length of the side-emitting optical fiber 20, as illustrated at reference number 110. In other embodiments, the mode coupling features 102 are spaced from each other, as illustrated at reference number 112.

FIG. 8 shows a schematic illustration of light beams 106 in a side-emitting optical fiber 20 interacting with a mode coupling feature 102. The mode coupling feature 102 converts at least some of the low order light into high order light thereby increasing the amount of light available at subsequent scattering sites 40. The changing, or “coupling,” of low order light to the high order light results in a more uniform intensity of light emitted by the side-emitting optical fiber 20 enabling a reduction in the required launch power.

The mode coupling feature 102 in FIG. 8 is an index perturbation in the core 30 of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. The index perturbation is in the form of a small, ellipsoidal area having a different index of refraction from the surrounding areas of the core 30. In other embodiments, the index perturbation may have other shapes, volumes and sizes. In some embodiments, for example, the index perturbations are randomly shaped volumes created by a focused beam of laser light.

FIG. 9 is a graph showing output light power versus fiber length for a first fiber 114 that includes mode coupling features 102 and a second fiber 116 that does not include mode coupling features 102. The first fiber 114 is a PMMA plastic optical fiber (POF) that has a 200 μm diameter and is approximately 6 m long. The first fiber 114 has a low angle launch, scattering sites 40 that are approximately 0.3 m apart, and periodically-spaced mode coupling features 102. As shown in FIG. 9, the mode coupling features 102 of the first fiber 114 produced a more uniform output along the length of the fiber 114. In addition, the lowest output power of the scattering sites 40 on the first fiber 114 is 50% greater than the lowest output power of the scattering sites 40 on the second fiber 116. As such, a light source with reduced intensity can be used with the first fiber 114 to obtain the same light power, thereby reducing power consumption and eye safety risks.

The second fiber 116 is a PMMA POF that does not include periodically-spaced mode coupling features 102. Like the first fiber 114, the second fiber 116 has a 200 μm diameter, a length of approximately 6 m and a low angle launch. The scattering sites 40 of the second fiber 116 are approximately 0.3 m apart. As shown in FIG. 9, the output power of the second fiber 116 decreases with increasing fiber length. The high order modes of light in the second fiber 116 are depleted much more rapidly than the low order modes of light and the overall effect is that the light emitted at the scattering sites 40 decreases in intensity as a function of the length of the fiber 116.

The side-emitting optical fiber 20 of the present disclosure has been described for use in facilitating traceability of a cable 3. In some embodiments, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may have uses independent of the cable 3. For example, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may not be used for tracing at all, but may itself provide decorative or functional illumination or indication. The cable 3 having the above-described optical fiber 20 may be pre-connectorized or may be sold without one or more connectors.

Side-emitting optical fibers 20 according to this disclosure may be manufactured according to processes schematically illustrated in FIGS. 10 and 11. Referring initially to the process illustrated in FIG. 10, a core 30, such as a glass core may be fed, pulled, or drawn, or otherwise passed at typical telecom speeds through a first liquid die block 70. In some embodiments, a light source 108 then produces mode coupling features 102 in the core 30. In some cases, the light source 108 exposes portions of the core 30 to UV light to change the index of refraction of the portion of the core 30 creating one or more index perturbations in the core 30. In other instances, the UV light may modify the diameter of the outer surface of the core 30 to create a deformation of the diameter of the outer surface of the core 30 of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

A cladding 32 is then deposited or otherwise applied to the core 30. In one example, the process for adding the cladding 32 may be a pultrusion process. The cladded core 33 may pass through a curing station 73 where the cladding 32 is at least partially cured. In one example, the curing station 73 may emit UV light from lamps or LEDs to rapidly, optically cure the cladding 32.

After the cladding 32 is at least partially cured, the scattering sites 40 may be created by ablating the exterior surface 36 with at least one high intensity light source, such as a laser 76, as the cladded core 30 is drawn past. One or more light sources positioned around the core 30 may be provided to achieve the desired arc sweep for each scattering site 40. As discussed above, the individual scattering sites 40 may sweep an arc of 360 degrees or less around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 and may have characteristics (such as, for example, magnitude M and depth D) based on the intended use of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

The light source(s) may be positioned to produce scattering sites 40 that are aligned on a single side of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 (i.e., horizontally aligned scattering sites 40) or multiple sides of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 (i.e., scattering sites 40 that are radially distributed around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20). It may be desirable to produce radially-distributed scattering sites 40 to improve the overall light diffusion of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 when embedded in the outer jacket 10. For example, in an embodiment having horizontally-aligned scattering sites 40 some or all of the scattering sites 40 may be directed away from the un-pigmented portion 24. Thus, the overall light diffusion of the cable 3 may be reduced. However, by radially distributing the scattering sites 40 around the circumference of the cladding 32 at least some of the scattering sites 40 will be directed outwardly through the un-pigmented portion 24 regardless of the positioning of the side-emitting optical fiber 20 in the outer jacket 10.

Referring again to FIG. 10, production of the radially-distributed scattering sites 40 may be accomplished by spinning the core 30 while the core 30 is fed, pulled drawn, or otherwise passed through the first liquid die block 70. The rotation of the core 30 also rotates the attached cladding 32 as the cladding 32 passes the laser 76. This configuration enables a single, stationary laser 76 to produce scattering sites 40 that are radially distributed around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. In this embodiment, the scattering sites 40 may form a helix around a central axis of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

The scattering sites 40 can also be positioned radially around the circumference using other manufacturing methods. For example, the core 30 may be fed, pulled, drawn or otherwise passed through the first liquid die block 70 without rotation and instead multiple lasers 76 may be located around the circumference of the cladding 32 to create radially distributed scattering sites 40. The scattering sites 40 can also be created by one or more lasers 76 having optical elements, such as beam steering mirrors, to direct the laser beam at multiple radial locations around the cladding 32. In other embodiments, any combination of the foregoing can be used to create scattering sites 40 that are radially positioned around the circumference of the side-emitting optical fiber 20. For example, multiple lasers can be positioned around a rotating core 30 and cladding 32 to produce radially spaced scattering sites 40.

The high intensity light impacts the cladding 32 and forms the scattering sites 40 by vaporizing or burning off some of the cladding 32 while locally affecting other portions of the cladding 32 to produce the resulting locally roughened surface as shown in FIG. 12. The roughened surface may be described as having a series of defects or voids and can be generally described as a crater-like defects in the cladding 32. It should be recognized that the scattering sites 40 may be at least as large as the wavelength of the laser 76. Using a less collimated beam emitted from slightly further from the cladded core 33 can produce scattering sites 40 that are wider radially. The laser 76 is also likely to cause a hot spot on the cladding 32 that spreads beyond the area directly in path with the light beam.

In one embodiment, each laser 76 and light source 108 is a CO2 laser, running at a repetition rate of 0.25 Hz to 100000 Hz with pulse energies of approximately 10000 W/s to 20000 W/s and pulse duration of 0.1 μs to 10 seconds. In another embodiment, for example, each laser 75 and light source 108 is running at a repetition rate of 50 Hz with a pulse duration of 0.8 μs. As will be appreciated by one of ordinary skill in the art, other types of lasers, emitting other wavelengths of light, and having other repetition rates, pulse energies and pulse durations may be used. For example, the repetition rate, pulse energy, and pulse duration may all be adjusted based on the draw rate of the cladded core 33 to achieve scattering sites 40 with the desired separation P, magnitude M, and depth D.

After the formation of the scattering sites 40 penetrating the exterior surface 36 of the cladding 32, the cladded core 33 may pass through a second liquid die block 80 where a similar pultrusion process may add a coating 50 over the ablated cladding. The coating 50 may be cured as it passing through a second curing station (not shown), or may be cured by other known means, such as temperature.

To provide a smoother, more Lambertian, light distribution pattern from the side-emitting optical fiber 20, a scattering ink layer 60 may be applied onto the coating 50 at a third liquid die block 84, or other processing unit, such as a spray applicator or printer.

In one embodiment, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 is manufactured on a single draw. As will be understood by those of skill in the art, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 can be produced in a continuous fashion on a single line, at a single location. Alternatively, it is possible that the side-emitting optical fibers 20 of the present description could also be produced by discrete steps at separate locations. For example, the core 30 may be wound up, transported between locations or manufacturing stations, and then run through the first liquid die block 70 for cladding. In another example, the scattering sites 40 may be created separate from the drawing of the cladded cores 33.

The side-emitting optical fibers 20 may continue on the single line directly to the manufacture of the cable 3. Alternatively, the side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be separately combined with the data transmission elements 7 and the jacket 10 in a different location or distinct time. In one embodiment, an extrusion or pultrusion process may be used to at least partially embed the side-emitting optical fiber 20 with the jacket 10 as the jacket 10 is being formed around the data transmission element 7. The side-emitting optical fiber 20 may be combined with at least one data transmission element 7 and a jacket 10 by a variety of processes known in the art, depending upon the particular type of cable 3 that is being manufactured.

Cable assemblies 1 may be made by cutting the cable 3 to a desired length and attaching the desired connectors 5 to each end according to processes known in the art, and dependent upon the type of cable assembly 1 being produced. For example, the connector 5 may be SC, LC, ST, FC, or MPO type connectors.

FIG. 11 illustrates another embodiment of a method of forming a side-emitting optical fiber 20. This method is similar to the method illustrated in FIG. 8 except that the mode coupling features 102 are formed after the formation of the scattering sites 40. Thus, the UV light source 108 contacts portions of the core 30 after the cladding 32 has been added around the core 30. As shown in FIG. 11, the light source 108 may be positioned between the light source 76 and the second liquid die block 80. In preferred embodiments, the UV light passes through the scattering sites 40 to create index perturbations or other types of mode coupling features 102 into the core 30.

The side-emitting optical fibers 20, cables 3 that incorporate the side-emitting optical fibers 20, and cable assemblies 1 that incorporate the cables 3, each have several advantages that will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art. Particularly, use of a side-emitting optical fiber 20 within the cable 3 provides an improved ability for a network operator to quickly and efficiently trace a particular cable assembly 1 so that a traced end can be identified from a predetermined launch end of the cable assembly 1. The side-emitting optical fibers 20 of this disclosure can be configured to facilitate the ability to trace along the full length of the cable 3. This may be helpful to identify tangles or knots. This may also help when the particular equipment rack 110, in which the traced end is connected, is unknown. For example, equipment racks 110 often have front doors that are kept closed. Tracing along the length of the cable 3 may help identify which rack to search. If a tracer location 4 were only on the traced end the cable 3, it may be hidden behind the door.

Another advantage pertains to the efficient use of tracer source light in the side-emitting optical fiber 20 by incorporating mode coupling features 102 into the core 30 of the fiber 20. In some embodiments, the mode coupling features 102 facilitate the use of longer cables 3, for example 10 m or more, while maintaining uniform brightness of the scattering sites 4. The reduction in variation of light emitted by the scattering sites 40 facilitated by the mode coupling features 102 also allows for a reduction in launch light power without sacrificing the visibility of the side-emitting optical fiber 20.

Use of laser ablation to form the mode coupling features 102 and the scattering sites 40 provides a processing step that can be readily controlled in terms of pulse rate, pulse energy, and duration to finely tune the scattering sites 40 and the mode coupling features 102 to achieve the best combination of traceability, uniform brightness, efficient use of tracer light and manufacturing efficiency.

Persons skilled in waveguide technology will appreciate additional variations and modifications of the devices and methods already described. Additionally, where a method claim below does not explicitly recite a step mentioned in the description above, it should not be assumed that the step is required by the claim. Furthermore, where a method claim below does not actually recite an order to be followed by its steps or an order is otherwise not required based on the claim language, it is not intended that any particular order be inferred.

The above examples are in no way intended to limit the scope of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that while the present disclosure has been discussed above with reference to examples of embodiments, various additions, modifications and changes can be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

Claims (17)

What is claimed is:
1. A traceable cable having a length, comprising:
at least one data transmission element;
a jacket at least partially surrounding the at least one data transmission element; and
a side-emitting optical fiber extending along at least a portion of the length of the cable, wherein the side-emitting optical fiber comprises:
a core having a first index of refraction; and
a cladding having a second index of refraction that is different than the first index of refraction, the cladding substantially surrounding the core, the cladding having an exterior surface,
wherein the cladding comprises spaced apart scattering sites, the scattering sites being capable of scattering light so that the scattered light is emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber at discrete locations,
wherein the core further comprises one or more mode coupling features capable of changing at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light,
wherein, when light is transmitted through the side-emitting optical fiber, light scattered from the side-emitting optical fiber allows the cable to be traced along at least a portion of the length thereof,
wherein the high order mode light has an effective refractive index between a cladding refractive index and an average of the cladding refractive index and a core refractive index, while low order mode light has an effective refractive index between the core refractive index and the average of the cladding refractive index and the core refractive index.
2. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the one or more mode coupling features comprises an index perturbation.
3. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the index perturbation is an ellipsoidal index perturbation.
4. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the one or more mode coupling features comprises a deformation of a geometry of the core of the side-emitting optical fiber.
5. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the one or more mode coupling features comprises an index perturbation and a deformation of a geometry of the core of the side-emitting optical fiber.
6. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the side-emitting optical fiber comprises a plurality of mode coupling features and at least one mode coupling feature of the plurality of mode coupling features is located between each pair of scattering sites.
7. The traceable cable of claim 6, wherein the plurality of mode coupling features are periodically spaced along the length of the traceable cable between about 4 cm and about 1 m apart.
8. The traceable cable of claims 6, wherein a distance between adjacent mode coupling features varies as a function of the distance from an end of the side-emitting optical fiber.
9. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the one or more mode coupling features is capable of changing at least some of the low order mode light into the high order mode light.
10. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the side-emitting optical fiber is at least partially embedded in the jacket.
11. The traceable cable of claim 1, wherein the side-emitting optical fiber is a step-index optical fiber.
12. The traceable cable of claim 1, further comprising a first connector at a first end of the traceable cable and a second connector at a second end of the traceable cable.
13. A method of forming a traceable cable that includes at least one data transmission element and a jacket at least partially surrounding the at least one data transmission element, the method comprising:
forming a side-emitting optical fiber by:
adding a cladding around a core to create an exterior surface, the cladding having a different index of refraction than the core;
creating scattering sites in the exterior surface configured to allow the side-emitting optical fiber to scatter light therefrom;
and modifying portions of the core to create mode coupling features capable of changing at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light, and
at least partially embedding the side-emitting optical fiber within the jacket so that the side-emitting optical fiber extends along at least a portion of a length of the cable;
wherein modifying portions of the core to create mode coupling features comprises exposing the portions of the core to UV light;
wherein the portions of the core are exposed to UV light to create the mode coupling features after the cladding is added around the core and after portions of the cladding have been selectively ablated to create the scattering sites.
14. The method of claim 13, wherein modifying portions of the core to create mode coupling features comprises deforming a diameter of an outer surface of the core.
15. The method of claim 13, wherein modifying portions of the core to create mode coupling features comprises both exposing the portions of the core to UV light and deforming a diameter of an outer surface of the core of the side-emitting optical fiber.
16. The method of claim 13, further comprising securing a first connector at a first end of the traceable cable and securing a second connector at a second end of the traceable cable.
17. A traceable cable having a length, comprising:
at least one data transmission element;
a jacket at least partially surrounding the at least one data transmission element; and
a side-emitting optical fiber incorporated with and extending along at least a portion of the length of the cable, wherein the side-emitting optical fiber is at least partially embedded in the jacket, the side-emitting optical fiber comprising:
a core having a first index of refraction; and
a cladding having a second index of refraction that is different than the first index of refraction, the cladding substantially surrounding the core, the cladding having an exterior surface,
wherein the cladding comprises spaced apart scattering sites penetrating the exterior surface, the scattering sites being capable of scattering light so that the scattered light is emitted from the side-emitting optical fiber at discrete locations,
wherein the core further comprises spaced apart mode coupling features capable of changing at least some low order mode light in the side-emitting optical fiber to high order mode light, wherein each mode coupling feature is located between a pair of the scattering sites,
wherein, when light is transmitted through the side-emitting optical fiber, light scattered from the side-emitting optical fiber allows the cable to be traced along at least a portion of the length thereof,
wherein the high order mode light has an effective refractive index between a cladding refractive index and an average of the cladding refractive index and a core refractive index, while low order mode light has an effective refractive index between the core refractive index and the average of the cladding refractive index and the core refractive index.
US15/142,853 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance Active US10107983B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/142,853 US10107983B2 (en) 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/142,853 US10107983B2 (en) 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance
CN201780032716.1A CN109196402A (en) 2016-04-29 2017-04-18 The mode of priority of traceable jumper for enhancing couples
PCT/US2017/028056 WO2017189274A1 (en) 2016-04-29 2017-04-18 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance
EP17733144.4A EP3449298A1 (en) 2016-04-29 2017-04-18 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20170315318A1 US20170315318A1 (en) 2017-11-02
US10107983B2 true US10107983B2 (en) 2018-10-23

Family

ID=59215920

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US15/142,853 Active US10107983B2 (en) 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 Preferential mode coupling for enhanced traceable patch cord performance

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US10107983B2 (en)
EP (1) EP3449298A1 (en)
CN (1) CN109196402A (en)
WO (1) WO2017189274A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017015084A1 (en) 2015-07-17 2017-01-26 Corning Optical Communications LLC Systems and methods for traceable cables
JP2018063396A (en) * 2016-10-14 2018-04-19 日亜化学工業株式会社 Illumination device
US10234614B2 (en) 2017-01-20 2019-03-19 Corning Research & Development Corporation Light source assemblies and systems and methods with mode homogenization

Citations (233)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942859A (en) 1974-11-11 1976-03-09 Korodi Miklos B Electrical conductor with light indicating means
US4179187A (en) * 1977-08-12 1979-12-18 Corning Glass Works Multiple mode waveguide having cylindrical perturbations
JPS5711305A (en) 1980-06-23 1982-01-21 Fujikura Ltd Optical fiber cable
US4412936A (en) 1980-06-20 1983-11-01 Khmelkov Stanislav F Pigment for color-changing heat indicator
US4466697A (en) * 1981-11-12 1984-08-21 Maurice Daniel Light dispersive optical lightpipes and method of making the same
JPS59182404A (en) 1983-04-01 1984-10-17 Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co Ltd Radiation resistant optical fiber cable
US4557552A (en) 1981-11-19 1985-12-10 Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Microbend optical fiber tapped delay line
JPS61139221A (en) 1984-12-07 1986-06-26 Sumitomo Electric Industries Fault section discrimination for electric line
JPS61161827U (en) 1985-03-27 1986-10-07
US4637686A (en) 1983-04-08 1987-01-20 Kokusai Denshin Denwa Co., Ltd. Optical fiber with light reflecting particles dispersed through buffer layers to dissipate leaky cladding modes
US4755018A (en) 1986-01-23 1988-07-05 Cgee Alsthom Connector for optical fibers
US4763984A (en) 1987-01-02 1988-08-16 Awai George K Lighting apparatus and method
JPH0255506A (en) 1988-08-20 1990-02-23 Chubu Electric Power Co Inc Monitoring system for aerial line
JPH02108008A (en) 1988-10-17 1990-04-19 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Leak light fiber cable
JPH02108007A (en) 1988-10-17 1990-04-19 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Leak light fiber cable
US4923274A (en) 1989-06-26 1990-05-08 Siecor Corporation Connector for optical fibers
US4995691A (en) 1989-10-16 1991-02-26 Ensign-Bickford Optics Company Angled optical fiber input end face and method for delivering energy
US5006806A (en) 1989-03-15 1991-04-09 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as burried fiber optic cables
US5017873A (en) 1989-03-15 1991-05-21 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US5040867A (en) 1990-03-21 1991-08-20 Siecor Corporation Slide fit optical connector having end cap to prevent rotation
US5122750A (en) 1989-03-15 1992-06-16 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US5179611A (en) 1990-07-17 1993-01-12 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Optical fiber cable having a water absorptive member
GB2260198A (en) 1991-05-16 1993-04-07 John Michael Harrington Coaxial cable tracer
US5206065A (en) 1989-03-15 1993-04-27 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods, apparatus and devices relating to magnetic markers for elongated hidden objects
JPH0617157U (en) 1992-07-31 1994-03-04 安藤電気株式会社 Electrical equipment with in display with outlet plug operation
US5305405A (en) 1993-02-25 1994-04-19 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Patch cord
JPH06130253A (en) 1992-10-21 1994-05-13 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Fixing device for optical fiber connector
US5329348A (en) 1991-10-04 1994-07-12 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Method of identifying a particular optical cable out of a number of similar optical cables
US5333228A (en) 1993-05-21 1994-07-26 Super Vision International Inc. Lateral illumination fiber optic cable device and method of manufacture
US5377292A (en) 1992-03-26 1994-12-27 Kabel Rheydt A.G. Optical fiber with additional color markings
US5394496A (en) 1993-12-08 1995-02-28 Northern Telecom Limited Optical fiber mechanical splice
US5395362A (en) 1992-01-14 1995-03-07 Summit Technology Methods and apparatus for distributing laser radiation
US5432876A (en) 1992-10-19 1995-07-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Illumination devices and optical fibres for use therein
DE4413597A1 (en) 1994-04-20 1995-10-26 Tkm Telekommunikation Und Elek Electric power or signals transmission line with marker light-guide
US5463706A (en) 1994-02-16 1995-10-31 Thomas & Betts Corporation Light traceable transmission conduit assembly
US5500913A (en) 1993-03-15 1996-03-19 Administrators Of The Tulane Educational Fund Apparatus and method of fabricating directional fiber optic taps, sensors and other devices with variable angle output
US5591160A (en) 1993-09-24 1997-01-07 Reynard; Michael Fiber optic sleeve for surgical instruments
US5615295A (en) * 1994-09-14 1997-03-25 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Optical fiber and process of producing the same
JPH09178956A (en) 1996-10-24 1997-07-11 Fujitsu Ltd Detection method for connection cable
US5651080A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-07-22 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Optical exchanging apparatus using mode conversion and mode selection in an optical waveguide
US5666453A (en) 1994-07-15 1997-09-09 Roy Witte Fiber optic jumper cables and tracing method using same
JPH09237524A (en) 1996-02-28 1997-09-09 Kyowa Electron Instr Co Ltd Lead cable with set position discriminating function
US5703978A (en) * 1995-10-04 1997-12-30 Lucent Technologies Inc. Temperature insensitive long-period fiber grating devices
US5708740A (en) * 1995-04-04 1998-01-13 Northern Telecom Limited Optical notch filter manufacture in optical fibre waveguide by plastic deformation
US5741152A (en) 1995-04-25 1998-04-21 Amphenol Corporation Electrical connector with indicator lights
US5764043A (en) 1996-12-20 1998-06-09 Siecor Corporation Traceable patch cord and connector assembly and method for locating patch cord ends
WO1998034144A1 (en) 1997-02-03 1998-08-06 Integrated Optical Components Limited Optical components
EP0874191A2 (en) 1997-04-24 1998-10-28 Bridgestone Corporation Optical transmission tube, method for making it and linear illuminant system
US5835654A (en) 1995-12-08 1998-11-10 Lucent Technologies Inc. Optical coupling
WO1999024856A1 (en) 1997-11-07 1999-05-20 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Optical subassembly for transmitting an optical signal with a controlled divergence angle and output power
EP0952589A2 (en) 1998-04-20 1999-10-27 AT & T Laboratories - Cambridge Limited Cables
US5982967A (en) 1997-12-12 1999-11-09 Lucent Technologies Inc. Color-coded optical fiber cable and a method for manufacturing the same
WO2000011484A1 (en) 1998-08-01 2000-03-02 Bae Systems Plc Thermographic wiring inspection
US6126325A (en) 1998-01-21 2000-10-03 Fujitsu Limited Receptacle module for optical telecommunication
US6137935A (en) 1997-04-24 2000-10-24 Alcatel Method for fabricating an optical cable
US6137928A (en) 1999-01-29 2000-10-24 Albrecht; Richard E. Optical fiber light distribution system and method of manufacture and illumination
US6173097B1 (en) 1998-07-01 2001-01-09 Siecor Operations, Llc Field installable multifiber connector
US6257750B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-07-10 Richard T. Strasser Illuminating fire hose
US6293081B1 (en) 1997-06-12 2001-09-25 Siecor Operations, Llc Fiber optic cable marking process and a sensor device use therewith
US6301418B1 (en) 1997-10-24 2001-10-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical waveguide with diffuse light extraction
US6311000B1 (en) 1996-02-13 2001-10-30 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Optical cable and an apparatus for manufacturing the optical cable
US6317553B1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-11-13 Lucent Technologies Inc. Coated fiber strands having one or more heterogeneous regions and methods of making the same
US6314713B1 (en) 1999-03-18 2001-11-13 Pirelli Cables & Systems, Llc Method and system for identifying a feature on a longitudinally advancing member and marking the advancing member based on the identification
US20010048797A1 (en) 2000-03-14 2001-12-06 Van Dijk Saskia I. Fully indentifiable optical fiber assemblies
EP1168025A2 (en) 2000-06-28 2002-01-02 Nexans Cable having side-emitting fiber under transparent or translucent cable jacket
US6347112B1 (en) 1997-10-22 2002-02-12 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Circuit for direct sequence spread spectrum digital transmissions with generation of an interference signal
US6356690B1 (en) 1999-10-20 2002-03-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Self-supporting fiber optic cable
US20020037133A1 (en) 2000-08-22 2002-03-28 Unsworth John D. Side firing optical fiber
US20020036775A1 (en) 2000-08-08 2002-03-28 Carl Zeiss Jena Gmbh Method for increasing the spectral and spatial resolution of detectors
US6388194B1 (en) 1994-09-27 2002-05-14 Hazardguard, Inc. Electrical cable having indicating malfunction means therein
US6403947B1 (en) 1999-03-18 2002-06-11 Cambridge Research & Instrumentation Inc. High-efficiency multiple probe imaging system
US6415079B1 (en) * 2000-03-03 2002-07-02 Fitel Usa Corp. Optical fiber gratings having internal gap cladding for reduced short wavelength cladding mode loss
US6425694B1 (en) 2000-09-18 2002-07-30 Molex Incorporated Fiber optic receptacle with protective shutter
US6439780B1 (en) 2000-08-31 2002-08-27 Corning Cable Systems Llc Field-installable fiber optic ribbon connector and installation tool
US6456785B1 (en) 1999-06-01 2002-09-24 Robert Evans Resistance heating element
US6456768B1 (en) 2000-10-18 2002-09-24 Fitel Usa Corp. Optical fiber cable tracing system
US20020136497A1 (en) 1999-10-05 2002-09-26 Mcgarry Steven P. Adaptive optical waveguides
US6471412B1 (en) 2000-02-04 2002-10-29 Molex Incorporated Fiber optic connector receptacle
GB2375898A (en) 2001-05-24 2002-11-27 Christopher Kelly Cable tracer for patch cords
US20020185299A1 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-12-12 Wolfgang Giebel Underwater cable
US20030002830A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2003-01-02 Michael Petryszak Method of determining lay length of S-Z stranded buffer tubes in optical fiber cable during manufacturing
US20030016924A1 (en) 2001-07-10 2003-01-23 Alcatel Visibly distinguishable colored optical fiber ribbons
US6519396B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2003-02-11 Ccs Technology, Inc. Aerial cable containing optical transmission elements and process for the manufacture of an aerial cable
US6526200B1 (en) 1998-09-24 2003-02-25 Ferranti Photonics Limited Optical cable based directional way finding apparatus and method
US6532328B1 (en) 2000-10-31 2003-03-11 International Business Machines Corporation Network cable with optical identification element
US6554485B1 (en) 2000-09-11 2003-04-29 Corning Cable Systems Llc Translucent dust cap and associated method for testing the continuity of an optical fiber jumper
US6577243B1 (en) 1999-12-14 2003-06-10 Alan J. Brown Method and apparatus for tracing remote ends of networking cables
US20030108270A1 (en) 2001-12-05 2003-06-12 Brimacombe Robert K. Visible light tracer for high power-carrying optical fibers
US20030206519A1 (en) 2002-05-03 2003-11-06 Michael Sanders System and method for encoding and decoding messages
US20040022504A1 (en) 2002-07-31 2004-02-05 Hurley William C. Transmit/receive optical cables
DE10239602B3 (en) 2002-08-28 2004-02-19 Krone Gmbh Optical signal system, for a railway shunting yard, has a green-emitting laser coupled to an optic fiber along at least part of the length of connecting cable, giving externally visible illumination
US6695491B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2004-02-24 Tyco Electronics Raychem N.V. Detent for optical fibres
US20040052473A1 (en) 2002-09-03 2004-03-18 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Optical fiber connector part
US6710254B2 (en) 2002-08-05 2004-03-23 Test Rite International Company, Ltd. Cable having location-indicating function
US20040146254A1 (en) 2002-07-16 2004-07-29 Morrison John M. Optical cable with indicator
US20040160774A1 (en) 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Dell Products L.P. Cable having an illuminating tracer element mounted thereon
US20040179777A1 (en) 2003-03-10 2004-09-16 Buelow Roger F. Light pipe with side-light extraction
US20040196648A1 (en) 2001-05-22 2004-10-07 Franklin James Bruce Side scattering polymer light guide and method of manufacture
US6816661B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2004-11-09 Corning Cable Systems Llc Multifiber connector, installation tool and associated methods of validating optical fiber continuity
US20050052174A1 (en) 2003-09-05 2005-03-10 Angelo Deborah A. Traceable patch cable and connector assembly and method for identifying patch cable ends
US20050089284A1 (en) 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Ming-Chuan Ma Light emitting cable wire
US6906505B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2005-06-14 Patrice Brunet Device for visual identification of cables or conduits
US6933438B1 (en) 2002-10-04 2005-08-23 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Duct with wire locator
US20050212503A1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-09-29 Deibele Craig E Fast faraday cup with high bandwidth
WO2005106899A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-10 University Of Technology, Sydney An optically traceable transmission cable for transmitting data or electricity and a traceable conduit
US6969273B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-11-29 Wilson Chen Transmission cable for computer
US6979223B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-12-27 Wilson Chen Indicator circuit arrangement of a transmission cable for computer
US7020369B2 (en) 2004-07-08 2006-03-28 Berwick Offray Llc Ribbon with fiber optics
WO2006044177A2 (en) 2004-10-13 2006-04-27 Nortel Networks Limited Fiber tracer patch cord
US7038135B1 (en) 2004-06-28 2006-05-02 Avaya Technology Corp. Embedded cable connection identification circuits
US20060104578A1 (en) 2004-11-13 2006-05-18 Alcoa Inc. Fiber optic cable with miniature bend incorporated
US7049937B1 (en) 2002-06-11 2006-05-23 Nortel Networks Limited Self-identifying cable for interconnecting electronic devices
US20060133750A1 (en) 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Jean-Hway Lee Light petal generation structure for optical fibers
US20060140562A1 (en) 2002-09-06 2006-06-29 Joseph Edmond K Side-scattering light guides
US7090411B2 (en) 2002-02-22 2006-08-15 Brown Joe D Apparatus and method for diffusing laser energy that fails to couple into small core fibers, and for reducing coupling to the cladding of the fiber
US20060193575A1 (en) 2005-02-28 2006-08-31 Greenwood Jody L Loose tube fiber optic cables having at least one access location
US7121707B2 (en) 2002-02-14 2006-10-17 Plastic Inventions And Patents, Inc. Illuminated electrical cords and outlets
US20060232385A1 (en) 2005-04-13 2006-10-19 Scherer Christopher B Networking cable tracer system
US20060285350A1 (en) 2005-06-17 2006-12-21 Bwt Property, Inc. A Lighting System for Navigational Aids
US7164819B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2007-01-16 Fiberstars, Inc. Side-light extraction by light pipe-surface alteration and light-extraction devices extending radially beyond the outer cladding
US20070071389A1 (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-03-29 Yoon Shin Y Wavelength selective optical focusing device using optical fiber and optical module using the same
WO2007053371A1 (en) 2005-11-01 2007-05-10 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables suitable for automated preconnectorization
US7217152B1 (en) 2005-12-19 2007-05-15 Telect Inc. Patch panel with tracer
US20070116402A1 (en) 2005-06-30 2007-05-24 Infoscitex Corporation Humidity sensor and method for monitoring moisture in concrete
US20070153508A1 (en) 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Jeffrey Nall Lighting strips with improved manufacturability
US7242831B2 (en) 2004-02-27 2007-07-10 Verizon Business Global Llc Low strain optical fiber cable
CN200941319Y (en) 2006-08-28 2007-08-29 慧坦科技股份有限公司 Wire able to change color when temp rising
US20070217749A1 (en) 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Jong Michael D Translucent dust cap for fiber optic adapter
US7313304B2 (en) 2004-08-09 2007-12-25 Sumitomo Electric Lightwave Corp. Locatable dielectric optical fiber cable having easily removable locating element
US20080087082A1 (en) 2004-08-06 2008-04-17 Hankuk Sensys Co., Ltd. Method and Device for Measuring Acceleration and/or Inclination by Using Thermal Convention of a Fluid
WO2008048955A2 (en) 2006-10-16 2008-04-24 Panduit Corp. Patch cord with a light pipe
US20080121171A1 (en) 2006-11-28 2008-05-29 Hulsey James Temperature sensitive color changing cable apparatus
JP2008153030A (en) 2006-12-15 2008-07-03 Toko Electrical Construction Co Ltd Cable with identification function
US7401961B2 (en) 2002-05-02 2008-07-22 Fatzer Ag Luminous wire rope
US7406231B1 (en) 2005-06-21 2008-07-29 Avaya Technology Corp. Electroluminescent patch cable
US20080198618A1 (en) 2007-02-16 2008-08-21 Todd Michael North Networking cable with lighting system for cable tracing
US20080204235A1 (en) 2007-02-22 2008-08-28 Superior Essex Communications Lp Fiber optic cable with integral radio frequency identification system
US20080273844A1 (en) 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 Dr. Anthony Stephen Kewitsch Electrically Traceable and Identifiable Fiber Optic Cables and Connectors
DE102007025494A1 (en) 2007-06-01 2008-12-04 Schilli, Bernd, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Powerful electric cable tracer for locating tracing cables and pipes, and depth measurements, has simple converter or transformer based on low voltage halogen illumination technique
KR100875507B1 (en) 2008-06-24 2008-12-22 이병렬 Thermal change color numbering tube
US20090027873A1 (en) 2007-07-06 2009-01-29 Tarlton Peter B Illumination source
US7544909B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2009-06-09 Dhir Alok K Illuminated cable
CN201305952Y (en) 2008-11-20 2009-09-09 广州骏兴空调净化设备有限公司 Composite honeycomb panel
US7596293B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2009-09-29 Corning Cable Systems Llc Loopback device utilizing bend insensitive optical fiber
US7603020B1 (en) 2008-05-27 2009-10-13 Emerson Network Power, Energy Systems, North America, Inc. Cable clamp with integrated trace and bond capability
JP2009244288A (en) 2008-03-28 2009-10-22 Toyokuni Electric Cable Co Ltd Optical fiber cable with connector
EP2113969A1 (en) 2008-04-30 2009-11-04 Tyco Electronics Corporation Connector assembly having a light pipe assembly
US7618175B1 (en) 2005-07-08 2009-11-17 Ilight Technologies, Inc. LED lighting system with helical fiber filament
US20090299440A9 (en) 2001-12-10 2009-12-03 Michael Slatkine Method and apparatus for improving safety during exposure to a monochromatic light source
US20090297104A1 (en) 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Kachmar Wayne M Fiber optic cable
WO2010011299A2 (en) 2008-07-25 2010-01-28 Corning Incorporated Nanostructured optical fiber illumination systems and methods for biological applications
US20100021114A1 (en) 2008-07-24 2010-01-28 Xin Chen Double-Clad Optical Fibers And Devices With Double-Clad Optical Fibers
WO2010021896A1 (en) 2008-08-22 2010-02-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Light guides including laser-processed light extractors and methods
US7671279B2 (en) 2005-11-10 2010-03-02 Yongjiang Yin Current-seen cable
CN201419706Y (en) 2009-05-18 2010-03-10 唐山轨道客车有限责任公司 Apron board locking structure for high-speed motor train unit
US20100148747A1 (en) 2008-12-15 2010-06-17 Rathbun Dale Ii Traceable fiber optic jumpers
US20100166374A1 (en) 2007-04-10 2010-07-01 Lapp Engineering & Co. Cable
US7748860B2 (en) 2006-11-24 2010-07-06 Patrice Brunet Identification device for visually identifying cables or ducts over their entire length
DE102009015263A1 (en) 2009-04-01 2010-10-14 Areva Np Gmbh electric wire
US7817884B2 (en) 2007-10-30 2010-10-19 Corning Incorporated Strain-managed optical waveguide assemblies and methods of forming same
JP2010237233A (en) 2009-03-30 2010-10-21 Fujikura Ltd Optical fiber with connector
US20100274235A1 (en) 2007-12-06 2010-10-28 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus, method and computer program for applying energy to an object
US20110034068A1 (en) 2009-08-05 2011-02-10 Realm Communications Group, Inc. Networking cable with tracer optical waveguide
US20110085776A1 (en) 2008-09-02 2011-04-14 Eric Biribuze High-Density Patch-Panel Assemblies for Optical Fiber Telecommunications
US7932805B2 (en) 2003-07-08 2011-04-26 Cooper Technologies Company Fuse with fuse state indicator
US20110103747A1 (en) 2009-10-30 2011-05-05 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Optical fiber connector configured with separated seat member and lens member
US20110103757A1 (en) 2008-02-14 2011-05-05 Jochen Alkemper Side-emitting step index fiber
US20110122646A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Scott Robertson Bickham Optical Fiber Illumination Systems and Methods
US8102169B2 (en) 2008-07-25 2012-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Cable tracing system and method for cable management
US20120019900A1 (en) 2009-07-07 2012-01-26 Stephen Kitson Light diffusers and displays comprising same
US8152385B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2012-04-10 Corning Cable Systems Llc Duplex fiber optic assemblies suitable for polarity reversal and methods therefor
US8167471B1 (en) 2009-11-19 2012-05-01 Daniel Moritz Self-illuminating extension cord
CN102589728A (en) 2012-03-07 2012-07-18 大同电线电缆科技(吴江)有限公司 Temperature-sensing color-changing cable
US20120275180A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 Leslie James Button Light Diffusing Fibers and Methods for Making the Same
US20120275178A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Stephan Lvovich Logunov Light-coupling optical systems and methods employing light-diffusing optical fibert
US20120275745A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Stephan Lvovich Logunov Systems and Methods for Coupling Light into a Transparent Sheet
US8322871B1 (en) 2010-05-26 2012-12-04 Telect, Inc. Optical fiber tracing system
US20130021597A1 (en) 2011-07-21 2013-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification
US8408029B2 (en) 2009-11-17 2013-04-02 Corning Incorporated Method for thermally conditioning molten glass
US8414319B2 (en) 2008-11-12 2013-04-09 Panduit Corp. Patch cord with insertion detection and light illumination capabilities
US20130088888A1 (en) 2011-10-07 2013-04-11 Edward John Fewkes Optical Fiber Illumination Systems and Methods
WO2013055842A1 (en) 2011-10-11 2013-04-18 Corning Incorporated Multi-wavelength light source using light diffusing fibers
WO2013059811A1 (en) 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Energy Focus, Inc. Efficient side-light distribution system
US20130107565A1 (en) 2011-10-31 2013-05-02 Michael Lucien Genier Light diffusing optical fiber with uv protection layer
US8492448B2 (en) 2011-10-07 2013-07-23 Corning Incorporated Systems and methods for performing photoreactions using light-diffusing optical fiber
US20130201001A1 (en) 2012-02-07 2013-08-08 Nitesh Ratnakar End connection identification device and method
US8509579B2 (en) 2009-03-16 2013-08-13 Fernando Ramon Martin-Lopez Solar energy collector
US20130209045A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-08-15 David L. Dean, Jr. Visual tracer system for fiber optic cable
JP2013196960A (en) 2012-03-21 2013-09-30 Nec Computertechno Ltd Cable and cable discrimination method
CN203241575U (en) 2013-05-09 2013-10-16 东莞市多亚电子有限公司 SFP fiber socket
US8582940B2 (en) 2010-10-28 2013-11-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with extruded access features and methods of making fiber optic cables
US8582939B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2013-11-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with access features
US20130341922A1 (en) 2012-05-03 2013-12-26 Gamesa Innovation & Technology, S.L. Method and module for measuring the rate of change of frequency of waveforms related to converter units in wind turbine generators
US20130343703A1 (en) * 2012-06-26 2013-12-26 Corning Incorporated Light diffusing fibers with integrated mode shaping lenses
WO2014026300A1 (en) 2012-08-17 2014-02-20 Lopez Domez Mariano Energy extraction system for illuminating cables, among other uses, which comprises a power cable and an energy extraction device; method for manufacturing and repairing said system
US20140070639A1 (en) 2012-09-07 2014-03-13 Denso Corporation Rotary electric machine
US8724842B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-05-13 Sound Sources Technology, Inc. Universal angle loudspeaker bracket
US8770525B2 (en) 2009-07-21 2014-07-08 Afl Telecommunications Llc High density cable management bracket
US8791829B2 (en) 2005-03-07 2014-07-29 The Interactive Institute Ii Ab Visualisation arrangement
US8798419B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2014-08-05 Commscope, Inc. Of North Carolina Conductive elements in cable jackets and separators
US20140221763A1 (en) 2012-09-24 2014-08-07 Invuity, Inc. Methods and apparatus for controlling optical properties of light
US20140270639A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Schott Corporation Optical element for mie scattering light from an optical fiber
US8896286B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2014-11-25 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification using a unique signal carried on an unused conductor
US8896287B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2014-11-25 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification using a unique signal carried on an external conductor
US20140355295A1 (en) 2013-05-31 2014-12-04 Corning Incorporated Uniform illumination light diffusing fiber device
US8909013B1 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-12-09 Amphenol Fiber Optic Technology (Shenzhen) Traceable cable assembly
US20140363134A1 (en) 2013-06-10 2014-12-11 Corning Optical Communications LLC Optical fiber cable assembly comprising optical tracer fiber
US8929703B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-01-06 Corning Incorporated Uniform UV efficient light diffusing fiber
WO2015000194A1 (en) 2013-07-01 2015-01-08 深圳市特发信息光网科技股份有限公司 Passive visible light patch cord tracers, light patch cord and method for tracking light patch cord
US20150043875A1 (en) 2013-08-12 2015-02-12 Corning Optical Communications LLC Optical fiber cable assembly comprising optical tracer fiber
US20150049992A1 (en) 2013-08-13 2015-02-19 Corning Cable Systems Llc Optical fiber cable with cable heating element
US9025923B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-05-05 Corning Incorporated Uniform white color light diffusing fiber
US9073243B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-07-07 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with access features and methods of making fiber optic cables
DE202015007044U1 (en) 2015-10-08 2015-11-12 Rosenberger-Osi Gmbh & Co. Ohg Patch cord and identification device with such a jumper cable
US9196975B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-11-24 Mertek Industries, Llc Networking cable tracer system
US9271709B2 (en) 2006-01-18 2016-03-01 Invuity, Inc. Retractor illumination system
US9304278B1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-04-05 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable cable with side-emitting optical fiber and method of forming the same
US20160139353A1 (en) 2014-11-18 2016-05-19 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable optical fiber cable and filtered viewing device for enhanced traceability
US9388975B2 (en) 2013-11-07 2016-07-12 Swisscom Ag Communication cables with illumination
US20160202418A1 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-07-14 Exfo Inc. Optical fiber modal distribution conditioner
US20160231521A1 (en) 2013-09-16 2016-08-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical communication assemblies
US9435713B2 (en) 2012-05-29 2016-09-06 Afl Telecommunications Llc System and method for identifying fiber sequence in a multi-fiber optical cable
US9448380B2 (en) 2010-09-16 2016-09-20 Gm Plast A/S Optical fibre guiding
JP6017157B2 (en) 2011-03-28 2016-10-26 ハネウェル・インターナショナル・インコーポレーテッド Implementation of versatile source ports for data networks
US20160313483A1 (en) * 2015-04-24 2016-10-27 Bogdan Chomycz Cable Identifier
US20160313513A1 (en) 2013-12-09 2016-10-27 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Optical fiber connector validation
US9507096B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-11-29 Corning Optical Communications LLC Fiber optic connectors employing moveable optical interfaces with fiber protection features and related components and methods
US9529167B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2016-12-27 Liseen Corporation Optical cable module and method for manufacturing the same
US20160377818A1 (en) 2014-01-14 2016-12-29 Tyco Electronics (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. Alignment system and method for calibrating position of optical fiber bore ferrule
US9541694B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2017-01-10 L.E.S.S. Ltd Waveguide apparatus for illumination systems
US9709750B1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-07-18 Alliance Fiber Optic Products Inc. 2-dimensional fiber array structure
US20170207585A1 (en) 2016-01-19 2017-07-20 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable cable system, traceable cable assembly and connector
US20180128996A1 (en) 2016-11-07 2018-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical fiber connector with integrated installation tools

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2708754B1 (en) * 1993-08-04 1995-09-08 Alcatel Cable fiber optic cable and related manufacturing process.

Patent Citations (286)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942859A (en) 1974-11-11 1976-03-09 Korodi Miklos B Electrical conductor with light indicating means
US4179187A (en) * 1977-08-12 1979-12-18 Corning Glass Works Multiple mode waveguide having cylindrical perturbations
US4412936A (en) 1980-06-20 1983-11-01 Khmelkov Stanislav F Pigment for color-changing heat indicator
JPS5711305A (en) 1980-06-23 1982-01-21 Fujikura Ltd Optical fiber cable
US4466697A (en) * 1981-11-12 1984-08-21 Maurice Daniel Light dispersive optical lightpipes and method of making the same
US4557552A (en) 1981-11-19 1985-12-10 Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Microbend optical fiber tapped delay line
JPS59182404A (en) 1983-04-01 1984-10-17 Showa Electric Wire & Cable Co Ltd Radiation resistant optical fiber cable
US4637686A (en) 1983-04-08 1987-01-20 Kokusai Denshin Denwa Co., Ltd. Optical fiber with light reflecting particles dispersed through buffer layers to dissipate leaky cladding modes
JPS61139221A (en) 1984-12-07 1986-06-26 Sumitomo Electric Industries Fault section discrimination for electric line
JPS61161827U (en) 1985-03-27 1986-10-07
US4755018A (en) 1986-01-23 1988-07-05 Cgee Alsthom Connector for optical fibers
US4763984A (en) 1987-01-02 1988-08-16 Awai George K Lighting apparatus and method
JPH0255506A (en) 1988-08-20 1990-02-23 Chubu Electric Power Co Inc Monitoring system for aerial line
JPH02108008A (en) 1988-10-17 1990-04-19 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Leak light fiber cable
JPH02108007A (en) 1988-10-17 1990-04-19 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Leak light fiber cable
US5206065A (en) 1989-03-15 1993-04-27 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods, apparatus and devices relating to magnetic markers for elongated hidden objects
US5122750A (en) 1989-03-15 1992-06-16 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US5006806A (en) 1989-03-15 1991-04-09 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as burried fiber optic cables
US5017873A (en) 1989-03-15 1991-05-21 Schonstedt Instrument Company Methods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US4923274A (en) 1989-06-26 1990-05-08 Siecor Corporation Connector for optical fibers
US4995691A (en) 1989-10-16 1991-02-26 Ensign-Bickford Optics Company Angled optical fiber input end face and method for delivering energy
US5040867A (en) 1990-03-21 1991-08-20 Siecor Corporation Slide fit optical connector having end cap to prevent rotation
US5179611A (en) 1990-07-17 1993-01-12 Tokai Rubber Industries, Ltd. Optical fiber cable having a water absorptive member
GB2260198A (en) 1991-05-16 1993-04-07 John Michael Harrington Coaxial cable tracer
US5329348A (en) 1991-10-04 1994-07-12 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Method of identifying a particular optical cable out of a number of similar optical cables
US5395362A (en) 1992-01-14 1995-03-07 Summit Technology Methods and apparatus for distributing laser radiation
US5377292A (en) 1992-03-26 1994-12-27 Kabel Rheydt A.G. Optical fiber with additional color markings
JPH0617157U (en) 1992-07-31 1994-03-04 安藤電気株式会社 Electrical equipment with in display with outlet plug operation
US5432876C1 (en) 1992-10-19 2002-05-21 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Illumination devices and optical fibres for use therein
US5432876A (en) 1992-10-19 1995-07-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Illumination devices and optical fibres for use therein
JPH06130253A (en) 1992-10-21 1994-05-13 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Fixing device for optical fiber connector
US5305405A (en) 1993-02-25 1994-04-19 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Patch cord
US5500913A (en) 1993-03-15 1996-03-19 Administrators Of The Tulane Educational Fund Apparatus and method of fabricating directional fiber optic taps, sensors and other devices with variable angle output
US5333228A (en) 1993-05-21 1994-07-26 Super Vision International Inc. Lateral illumination fiber optic cable device and method of manufacture
US5591160A (en) 1993-09-24 1997-01-07 Reynard; Michael Fiber optic sleeve for surgical instruments
US5394496A (en) 1993-12-08 1995-02-28 Northern Telecom Limited Optical fiber mechanical splice
US5463706A (en) 1994-02-16 1995-10-31 Thomas & Betts Corporation Light traceable transmission conduit assembly
DE4413597A1 (en) 1994-04-20 1995-10-26 Tkm Telekommunikation Und Elek Electric power or signals transmission line with marker light-guide
US5666453A (en) 1994-07-15 1997-09-09 Roy Witte Fiber optic jumper cables and tracing method using same
US5615295A (en) * 1994-09-14 1997-03-25 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Optical fiber and process of producing the same
US6388194B1 (en) 1994-09-27 2002-05-14 Hazardguard, Inc. Electrical cable having indicating malfunction means therein
US5708740A (en) * 1995-04-04 1998-01-13 Northern Telecom Limited Optical notch filter manufacture in optical fibre waveguide by plastic deformation
US5741152A (en) 1995-04-25 1998-04-21 Amphenol Corporation Electrical connector with indicator lights
US5703978A (en) * 1995-10-04 1997-12-30 Lucent Technologies Inc. Temperature insensitive long-period fiber grating devices
US5651080A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-07-22 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Optical exchanging apparatus using mode conversion and mode selection in an optical waveguide
US5835654A (en) 1995-12-08 1998-11-10 Lucent Technologies Inc. Optical coupling
US6311000B1 (en) 1996-02-13 2001-10-30 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Optical cable and an apparatus for manufacturing the optical cable
JPH09237524A (en) 1996-02-28 1997-09-09 Kyowa Electron Instr Co Ltd Lead cable with set position discriminating function
JPH09178956A (en) 1996-10-24 1997-07-11 Fujitsu Ltd Detection method for connection cable
US5764043A (en) 1996-12-20 1998-06-09 Siecor Corporation Traceable patch cord and connector assembly and method for locating patch cord ends
WO1998034144A1 (en) 1997-02-03 1998-08-06 Integrated Optical Components Limited Optical components
US6137935A (en) 1997-04-24 2000-10-24 Alcatel Method for fabricating an optical cable
EP0874191A2 (en) 1997-04-24 1998-10-28 Bridgestone Corporation Optical transmission tube, method for making it and linear illuminant system
US20020009282A1 (en) 1997-06-12 2002-01-24 Grulick Matthew J. Fiber optic cable marking process and a sensor device for use therewith
US6293081B1 (en) 1997-06-12 2001-09-25 Siecor Operations, Llc Fiber optic cable marking process and a sensor device use therewith
US6560390B2 (en) 1997-06-12 2003-05-06 Corning Cable Systems, Llc Fiber optic cable marking process and a sensor device for use therewith
US6347112B1 (en) 1997-10-22 2002-02-12 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Circuit for direct sequence spread spectrum digital transmissions with generation of an interference signal
US6301418B1 (en) 1997-10-24 2001-10-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical waveguide with diffuse light extraction
WO1999024856A1 (en) 1997-11-07 1999-05-20 Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc. Optical subassembly for transmitting an optical signal with a controlled divergence angle and output power
US5982967A (en) 1997-12-12 1999-11-09 Lucent Technologies Inc. Color-coded optical fiber cable and a method for manufacturing the same
US6126325A (en) 1998-01-21 2000-10-03 Fujitsu Limited Receptacle module for optical telecommunication
US6596943B1 (en) 1998-04-20 2003-07-22 At&T Laboratories-Cambridge Ltd. Cables
EP0952589A2 (en) 1998-04-20 1999-10-27 AT & T Laboratories - Cambridge Limited Cables
US6173097B1 (en) 1998-07-01 2001-01-09 Siecor Operations, Llc Field installable multifiber connector
US20010002220A1 (en) 1998-07-01 2001-05-31 Throckmorton Rodney A. Field installable multifiber connector
US6379054B2 (en) 1998-07-01 2002-04-30 Corning Cable Systems Llc Field installable multifiber connector
WO2000011484A1 (en) 1998-08-01 2000-03-02 Bae Systems Plc Thermographic wiring inspection
US6526200B1 (en) 1998-09-24 2003-02-25 Ferranti Photonics Limited Optical cable based directional way finding apparatus and method
US6137928A (en) 1999-01-29 2000-10-24 Albrecht; Richard E. Optical fiber light distribution system and method of manufacture and illumination
US20020185299A1 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-12-12 Wolfgang Giebel Underwater cable
US6403947B1 (en) 1999-03-18 2002-06-11 Cambridge Research & Instrumentation Inc. High-efficiency multiple probe imaging system
US6314713B1 (en) 1999-03-18 2001-11-13 Pirelli Cables & Systems, Llc Method and system for identifying a feature on a longitudinally advancing member and marking the advancing member based on the identification
US6317553B1 (en) 1999-05-07 2001-11-13 Lucent Technologies Inc. Coated fiber strands having one or more heterogeneous regions and methods of making the same
US6456785B1 (en) 1999-06-01 2002-09-24 Robert Evans Resistance heating element
US6695491B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2004-02-24 Tyco Electronics Raychem N.V. Detent for optical fibres
US6257750B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-07-10 Richard T. Strasser Illuminating fire hose
US20020136497A1 (en) 1999-10-05 2002-09-26 Mcgarry Steven P. Adaptive optical waveguides
US6356690B1 (en) 1999-10-20 2002-03-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Self-supporting fiber optic cable
US20030222786A1 (en) 1999-12-14 2003-12-04 John Dannenmann Method and apparatus for tracking remote ends of networking cables
US6577243B1 (en) 1999-12-14 2003-06-10 Alan J. Brown Method and apparatus for tracing remote ends of networking cables
US6471412B1 (en) 2000-02-04 2002-10-29 Molex Incorporated Fiber optic connector receptacle
US6415079B1 (en) * 2000-03-03 2002-07-02 Fitel Usa Corp. Optical fiber gratings having internal gap cladding for reduced short wavelength cladding mode loss
US6906505B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2005-06-14 Patrice Brunet Device for visual identification of cables or conduits
US20010048797A1 (en) 2000-03-14 2001-12-06 Van Dijk Saskia I. Fully indentifiable optical fiber assemblies
US6816661B1 (en) 2000-03-22 2004-11-09 Corning Cable Systems Llc Multifiber connector, installation tool and associated methods of validating optical fiber continuity
US6519396B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2003-02-11 Ccs Technology, Inc. Aerial cable containing optical transmission elements and process for the manufacture of an aerial cable
EP1168025A2 (en) 2000-06-28 2002-01-02 Nexans Cable having side-emitting fiber under transparent or translucent cable jacket
US6347172B1 (en) 2000-06-28 2002-02-12 Alcatel Cable having side-emitting fiber under transparent or translucent cable jacket
US20020036775A1 (en) 2000-08-08 2002-03-28 Carl Zeiss Jena Gmbh Method for increasing the spectral and spatial resolution of detectors
US20020037133A1 (en) 2000-08-22 2002-03-28 Unsworth John D. Side firing optical fiber
US6606431B2 (en) 2000-08-22 2003-08-12 John D. Unsworth Method for creating side firing or leaky optical fibers
US6439780B1 (en) 2000-08-31 2002-08-27 Corning Cable Systems Llc Field-installable fiber optic ribbon connector and installation tool
US6554485B1 (en) 2000-09-11 2003-04-29 Corning Cable Systems Llc Translucent dust cap and associated method for testing the continuity of an optical fiber jumper
US6712524B2 (en) 2000-09-11 2004-03-30 Corning Cable Systems Llc Translucent dust cap and associated method for testing the continuity of an optical fiber jumper
US6425694B1 (en) 2000-09-18 2002-07-30 Molex Incorporated Fiber optic receptacle with protective shutter
US6456768B1 (en) 2000-10-18 2002-09-24 Fitel Usa Corp. Optical fiber cable tracing system
US6532328B1 (en) 2000-10-31 2003-03-11 International Business Machines Corporation Network cable with optical identification element
US20040196648A1 (en) 2001-05-22 2004-10-07 Franklin James Bruce Side scattering polymer light guide and method of manufacture
GB2375898A (en) 2001-05-24 2002-11-27 Christopher Kelly Cable tracer for patch cords
US6728453B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2004-04-27 Pirelli Communications Cables And Systems Usa, Llc Method of determining lay length of S-Z stranded buffer tubes in optical fiber cable during manufacturing
US20030002830A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2003-01-02 Michael Petryszak Method of determining lay length of S-Z stranded buffer tubes in optical fiber cable during manufacturing
US20030016924A1 (en) 2001-07-10 2003-01-23 Alcatel Visibly distinguishable colored optical fiber ribbons
US6678449B2 (en) 2001-07-10 2004-01-13 Alcatel Visibly distinguishable colored optical fiber ribbons
US20030108270A1 (en) 2001-12-05 2003-06-12 Brimacombe Robert K. Visible light tracer for high power-carrying optical fibers
US20090299440A9 (en) 2001-12-10 2009-12-03 Michael Slatkine Method and apparatus for improving safety during exposure to a monochromatic light source
US7121707B2 (en) 2002-02-14 2006-10-17 Plastic Inventions And Patents, Inc. Illuminated electrical cords and outlets
US7090411B2 (en) 2002-02-22 2006-08-15 Brown Joe D Apparatus and method for diffusing laser energy that fails to couple into small core fibers, and for reducing coupling to the cladding of the fiber
US7401961B2 (en) 2002-05-02 2008-07-22 Fatzer Ag Luminous wire rope
US20030206519A1 (en) 2002-05-03 2003-11-06 Michael Sanders System and method for encoding and decoding messages
US7049937B1 (en) 2002-06-11 2006-05-23 Nortel Networks Limited Self-identifying cable for interconnecting electronic devices
US6798956B2 (en) 2002-07-16 2004-09-28 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Optical cable with indicator
US20040146254A1 (en) 2002-07-16 2004-07-29 Morrison John M. Optical cable with indicator
US20040022504A1 (en) 2002-07-31 2004-02-05 Hurley William C. Transmit/receive optical cables
US6823120B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2004-11-23 Corning Cable Systems Llc Transmit/receive optical cables
US6710254B2 (en) 2002-08-05 2004-03-23 Test Rite International Company, Ltd. Cable having location-indicating function
DE10239602B3 (en) 2002-08-28 2004-02-19 Krone Gmbh Optical signal system, for a railway shunting yard, has a green-emitting laser coupled to an optic fiber along at least part of the length of connecting cable, giving externally visible illumination
US20040052473A1 (en) 2002-09-03 2004-03-18 The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Optical fiber connector part
US7433565B2 (en) 2002-09-06 2008-10-07 Poly Optics Australia Pty Side-scattering light guides
US20060140562A1 (en) 2002-09-06 2006-06-29 Joseph Edmond K Side-scattering light guides
US6933438B1 (en) 2002-10-04 2005-08-23 The Lamson & Sessions Co. Duct with wire locator
US7029137B2 (en) 2003-02-13 2006-04-18 Dell Products L.P. Cable having an illuminating tracer element mounted thereon
US20040160774A1 (en) 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Dell Products L.P. Cable having an illuminating tracer element mounted thereon
US20040179777A1 (en) 2003-03-10 2004-09-16 Buelow Roger F. Light pipe with side-light extraction
US7164819B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2007-01-16 Fiberstars, Inc. Side-light extraction by light pipe-surface alteration and light-extraction devices extending radially beyond the outer cladding
US7932805B2 (en) 2003-07-08 2011-04-26 Cooper Technologies Company Fuse with fuse state indicator
US20050052174A1 (en) 2003-09-05 2005-03-10 Angelo Deborah A. Traceable patch cable and connector assembly and method for identifying patch cable ends
US20050089284A1 (en) 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Ming-Chuan Ma Light emitting cable wire
US7242831B2 (en) 2004-02-27 2007-07-10 Verizon Business Global Llc Low strain optical fiber cable
US6969273B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-11-29 Wilson Chen Transmission cable for computer
US6979223B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-12-27 Wilson Chen Indicator circuit arrangement of a transmission cable for computer
US20050212503A1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-09-29 Deibele Craig E Fast faraday cup with high bandwidth
WO2005106899A1 (en) 2004-04-29 2005-11-10 University Of Technology, Sydney An optically traceable transmission cable for transmitting data or electricity and a traceable conduit
US7038135B1 (en) 2004-06-28 2006-05-02 Avaya Technology Corp. Embedded cable connection identification circuits
US7020369B2 (en) 2004-07-08 2006-03-28 Berwick Offray Llc Ribbon with fiber optics
US20080087082A1 (en) 2004-08-06 2008-04-17 Hankuk Sensys Co., Ltd. Method and Device for Measuring Acceleration and/or Inclination by Using Thermal Convention of a Fluid
US7313304B2 (en) 2004-08-09 2007-12-25 Sumitomo Electric Lightwave Corp. Locatable dielectric optical fiber cable having easily removable locating element
US7653277B2 (en) 2004-08-09 2010-01-26 Sumitomo Electric Lightwave Corp. Locatable dielectric optical fiber cable having easily removable locating element
US20080080820A1 (en) 2004-08-09 2008-04-03 Andrews Robert J Locatable dielectric optical fiber cable having easily removable locating element
WO2006044177A2 (en) 2004-10-13 2006-04-27 Nortel Networks Limited Fiber tracer patch cord
US20060104578A1 (en) 2004-11-13 2006-05-18 Alcoa Inc. Fiber optic cable with miniature bend incorporated
US20060133750A1 (en) 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Jean-Hway Lee Light petal generation structure for optical fibers
US20060193575A1 (en) 2005-02-28 2006-08-31 Greenwood Jody L Loose tube fiber optic cables having at least one access location
US8791829B2 (en) 2005-03-07 2014-07-29 The Interactive Institute Ii Ab Visualisation arrangement
US7221284B2 (en) 2005-04-13 2007-05-22 Mertek Industries, Llc Networking cable tracer system
US20060232385A1 (en) 2005-04-13 2006-10-19 Scherer Christopher B Networking cable tracer system
WO2006113114A2 (en) 2005-04-13 2006-10-26 Christopher Briand Scherer Networking cable tracer system
US20060285350A1 (en) 2005-06-17 2006-12-21 Bwt Property, Inc. A Lighting System for Navigational Aids
US7406231B1 (en) 2005-06-21 2008-07-29 Avaya Technology Corp. Electroluminescent patch cable
US20070116402A1 (en) 2005-06-30 2007-05-24 Infoscitex Corporation Humidity sensor and method for monitoring moisture in concrete
US7618175B1 (en) 2005-07-08 2009-11-17 Ilight Technologies, Inc. LED lighting system with helical fiber filament
US20070071389A1 (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-03-29 Yoon Shin Y Wavelength selective optical focusing device using optical fiber and optical module using the same
WO2007053371A1 (en) 2005-11-01 2007-05-10 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables suitable for automated preconnectorization
US7671279B2 (en) 2005-11-10 2010-03-02 Yongjiang Yin Current-seen cable
US7217152B1 (en) 2005-12-19 2007-05-15 Telect Inc. Patch panel with tracer
US20070153508A1 (en) 2005-12-30 2007-07-05 Jeffrey Nall Lighting strips with improved manufacturability
US9271709B2 (en) 2006-01-18 2016-03-01 Invuity, Inc. Retractor illumination system
US20070217749A1 (en) 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Jong Michael D Translucent dust cap for fiber optic adapter
US7572066B2 (en) 2006-03-14 2009-08-11 Corning Cable Systems Llc Translucent dust cap for fiber optic adapter
US7596293B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2009-09-29 Corning Cable Systems Llc Loopback device utilizing bend insensitive optical fiber
CN200941319Y (en) 2006-08-28 2007-08-29 慧坦科技股份有限公司 Wire able to change color when temp rising
WO2008048955A2 (en) 2006-10-16 2008-04-24 Panduit Corp. Patch cord with a light pipe
US7544909B2 (en) 2006-10-25 2009-06-09 Dhir Alok K Illuminated cable
US7748860B2 (en) 2006-11-24 2010-07-06 Patrice Brunet Identification device for visually identifying cables or ducts over their entire length
US20080121171A1 (en) 2006-11-28 2008-05-29 Hulsey James Temperature sensitive color changing cable apparatus
JP2008153030A (en) 2006-12-15 2008-07-03 Toko Electrical Construction Co Ltd Cable with identification function
US7524082B2 (en) 2007-02-16 2009-04-28 Todd Michael North Networking cable with lighting system for cable tracing
US20080198618A1 (en) 2007-02-16 2008-08-21 Todd Michael North Networking cable with lighting system for cable tracing
US20080204235A1 (en) 2007-02-22 2008-08-28 Superior Essex Communications Lp Fiber optic cable with integral radio frequency identification system
US20100166374A1 (en) 2007-04-10 2010-07-01 Lapp Engineering & Co. Cable
US7920764B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2011-04-05 Anthony Stephen Kewitsch Electrically traceable and identifiable fiber optic cables and connectors
US20120219259A1 (en) 2007-05-04 2012-08-30 Telescent Inc. Electrically Traceable and Identifiable Fiber Optic Cables and Connectors
US20080273844A1 (en) 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 Dr. Anthony Stephen Kewitsch Electrically Traceable and Identifiable Fiber Optic Cables and Connectors
US8150227B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2012-04-03 Telescent Inc. Electrically traceable and identifiable fiber optic cables and connectors
US8428405B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2013-04-23 Telescent Inc. Electrically traceable and identifiable fiber optic cables and connectors
US20110150488A1 (en) 2007-05-04 2011-06-23 Telescent Inc. Electrically Traceable and Identifiable Fiber Optic Cables and Connectors
DE102007025494A1 (en) 2007-06-01 2008-12-04 Schilli, Bernd, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Powerful electric cable tracer for locating tracing cables and pipes, and depth measurements, has simple converter or transformer based on low voltage halogen illumination technique
US20090027873A1 (en) 2007-07-06 2009-01-29 Tarlton Peter B Illumination source
US7817884B2 (en) 2007-10-30 2010-10-19 Corning Incorporated Strain-managed optical waveguide assemblies and methods of forming same
US20100274235A1 (en) 2007-12-06 2010-10-28 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus, method and computer program for applying energy to an object
US20110103757A1 (en) 2008-02-14 2011-05-05 Jochen Alkemper Side-emitting step index fiber
JP2009244288A (en) 2008-03-28 2009-10-22 Toyokuni Electric Cable Co Ltd Optical fiber cable with connector
EP2113969A1 (en) 2008-04-30 2009-11-04 Tyco Electronics Corporation Connector assembly having a light pipe assembly
US7603020B1 (en) 2008-05-27 2009-10-13 Emerson Network Power, Energy Systems, North America, Inc. Cable clamp with integrated trace and bond capability
US20140016904A1 (en) 2008-05-28 2014-01-16 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Fiber optic cable
US20090297104A1 (en) 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Kachmar Wayne M Fiber optic cable
US8903212B2 (en) 2008-05-28 2014-12-02 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Fiber optic cable
US8548293B2 (en) 2008-05-28 2013-10-01 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Fiber optic cable
KR100875507B1 (en) 2008-06-24 2008-12-22 이병렬 Thermal change color numbering tube
US8000576B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2011-08-16 Corning Incorporated Double-clad optical fibers and devices with double-clad optical fibers
US20100021114A1 (en) 2008-07-24 2010-01-28 Xin Chen Double-Clad Optical Fibers And Devices With Double-Clad Optical Fibers
WO2010011299A2 (en) 2008-07-25 2010-01-28 Corning Incorporated Nanostructured optical fiber illumination systems and methods for biological applications
US8102169B2 (en) 2008-07-25 2012-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Cable tracing system and method for cable management
WO2010021896A1 (en) 2008-08-22 2010-02-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Light guides including laser-processed light extractors and methods
US20110085776A1 (en) 2008-09-02 2011-04-14 Eric Biribuze High-Density Patch-Panel Assemblies for Optical Fiber Telecommunications
US8331752B2 (en) 2008-09-02 2012-12-11 Corning Cable Systems Llc High-density patch-panel assemblies for optical fiber telecommunications
US8414319B2 (en) 2008-11-12 2013-04-09 Panduit Corp. Patch cord with insertion detection and light illumination capabilities
US8708724B2 (en) 2008-11-12 2014-04-29 Panduit Corp. Patch cord insertion detection and light illumination capabilities
CN201305952Y (en) 2008-11-20 2009-09-09 广州骏兴空调净化设备有限公司 Composite honeycomb panel
US7948226B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2011-05-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Traceable fiber optic jumpers
US20100148747A1 (en) 2008-12-15 2010-06-17 Rathbun Dale Ii Traceable fiber optic jumpers
US8152385B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2012-04-10 Corning Cable Systems Llc Duplex fiber optic assemblies suitable for polarity reversal and methods therefor
US8509579B2 (en) 2009-03-16 2013-08-13 Fernando Ramon Martin-Lopez Solar energy collector
JP2010237233A (en) 2009-03-30 2010-10-21 Fujikura Ltd Optical fiber with connector
DE102009015263A1 (en) 2009-04-01 2010-10-14 Areva Np Gmbh electric wire
CN201419706Y (en) 2009-05-18 2010-03-10 唐山轨道客车有限责任公司 Apron board locking structure for high-speed motor train unit
US20120019900A1 (en) 2009-07-07 2012-01-26 Stephen Kitson Light diffusers and displays comprising same
US8770525B2 (en) 2009-07-21 2014-07-08 Afl Telecommunications Llc High density cable management bracket
US20110034068A1 (en) 2009-08-05 2011-02-10 Realm Communications Group, Inc. Networking cable with tracer optical waveguide
US8314603B2 (en) 2009-08-05 2012-11-20 Realm Communications Group, Inc. Network cable with tracer optical waveguide
US20110103747A1 (en) 2009-10-30 2011-05-05 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Optical fiber connector configured with separated seat member and lens member
US8408029B2 (en) 2009-11-17 2013-04-02 Corning Incorporated Method for thermally conditioning molten glass
US8683827B2 (en) 2009-11-17 2014-04-01 Corning Incorporated Methods and apparatus for thermally conditioning molten glass
US8167471B1 (en) 2009-11-19 2012-05-01 Daniel Moritz Self-illuminating extension cord
WO2011063214A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Corning Incorporated Illumination system with side - emitting optical photonic fibre and manufacturing method thereof
US20110305035A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-12-15 Scott Robertson Bickham Optical Fiber Illumination Systems and Methods
US20110122646A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Scott Robertson Bickham Optical Fiber Illumination Systems and Methods
US8545076B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2013-10-01 Corning Incorporated Optical fiber illumination systems and methods
US8591087B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2013-11-26 Corning Incorporated Optical fiber illumination systems and methods
US9196975B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-11-24 Mertek Industries, Llc Networking cable tracer system
US9073243B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-07-07 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with access features and methods of making fiber optic cables
US8322871B1 (en) 2010-05-26 2012-12-04 Telect, Inc. Optical fiber tracing system
US8798419B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2014-08-05 Commscope, Inc. Of North Carolina Conductive elements in cable jackets and separators
US9448380B2 (en) 2010-09-16 2016-09-20 Gm Plast A/S Optical fibre guiding
US8582940B2 (en) 2010-10-28 2013-11-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with extruded access features and methods of making fiber optic cables
US8582939B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2013-11-12 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic cables with access features
JP6017157B2 (en) 2011-03-28 2016-10-26 ハネウェル・インターナショナル・インコーポレーテッド Implementation of versatile source ports for data networks
US20120275178A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Stephan Lvovich Logunov Light-coupling optical systems and methods employing light-diffusing optical fibert
US8897612B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2014-11-25 Corning Incorporated Light-coupling optical systems and methods employing light-diffusing optical fiber
US8787717B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2014-07-22 Corning Incorporated Systems and methods for coupling light into a transparent sheet
US20120275745A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Stephan Lvovich Logunov Systems and Methods for Coupling Light into a Transparent Sheet
US8724942B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2014-05-13 Corning Incorporated Light-coupling optical systems and methods employing light-diffusing optical fiber
US9541694B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2017-01-10 L.E.S.S. Ltd Waveguide apparatus for illumination systems
US20120275180A1 (en) 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 Leslie James Button Light Diffusing Fibers and Methods for Making the Same
US8620125B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2013-12-31 Corning Incorporated Light diffusing fibers and methods for making the same
US20130021597A1 (en) 2011-07-21 2013-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification
US8492448B2 (en) 2011-10-07 2013-07-23 Corning Incorporated Systems and methods for performing photoreactions using light-diffusing optical fiber
US20130088888A1 (en) 2011-10-07 2013-04-11 Edward John Fewkes Optical Fiber Illumination Systems and Methods
US8805141B2 (en) 2011-10-07 2014-08-12 Corning Incorporated Optical fiber illumination systems and methods
US20130272014A1 (en) 2011-10-11 2013-10-17 Stephan Lvovich Logunov Multi-wavelength light source using light diffusing fibers
WO2013055842A1 (en) 2011-10-11 2013-04-18 Corning Incorporated Multi-wavelength light source using light diffusing fibers
WO2013059811A1 (en) 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Energy Focus, Inc. Efficient side-light distribution system
US20130107565A1 (en) 2011-10-31 2013-05-02 Michael Lucien Genier Light diffusing optical fiber with uv protection layer
US8896286B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2014-11-25 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification using a unique signal carried on an unused conductor
US8896287B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2014-11-25 International Business Machines Corporation Cable identification using a unique signal carried on an external conductor
US9146347B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-09-29 Corning Incorporated Uniform UV efficient light diffusing fiber
US9025923B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-05-05 Corning Incorporated Uniform white color light diffusing fiber
US8929703B2 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-01-06 Corning Incorporated Uniform UV efficient light diffusing fiber
US20150369986A1 (en) 2011-12-19 2015-12-24 Corning Incorporated Uniform efficient light diffusing fiber
US20130201001A1 (en) 2012-02-07 2013-08-08 Nitesh Ratnakar End connection identification device and method
US8620123B2 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-12-31 Corning Cable Systems Llc Visual tracer system for fiber optic cable
US20130209045A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-08-15 David L. Dean, Jr. Visual tracer system for fiber optic cable
WO2013122825A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2013-08-22 Corning Cable Systems Llc Visual tracer system for fiber optic cable
US20140227438A1 (en) 2012-02-13 2014-08-14 Corning Cable Systems Llc Visual tracer system for fiber optic cable
CN102589728A (en) 2012-03-07 2012-07-18 大同电线电缆科技(吴江)有限公司 Temperature-sensing color-changing cable
JP2013196960A (en) 2012-03-21 2013-09-30 Nec Computertechno Ltd Cable and cable discrimination method
US8724842B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-05-13 Sound Sources Technology, Inc. Universal angle loudspeaker bracket
US20130341922A1 (en) 2012-05-03 2013-12-26 Gamesa Innovation & Technology, S.L. Method and module for measuring the rate of change of frequency of waveforms related to converter units in wind turbine generators
US9435713B2 (en) 2012-05-29 2016-09-06 Afl Telecommunications Llc System and method for identifying fiber sequence in a multi-fiber optical cable
US20130343703A1 (en) * 2012-06-26 2013-12-26 Corning Incorporated Light diffusing fibers with integrated mode shaping lenses
US9507096B2 (en) 2012-07-26 2016-11-29 Corning Optical Communications LLC Fiber optic connectors employing moveable optical interfaces with fiber protection features and related components and methods
WO2014026300A1 (en) 2012-08-17 2014-02-20 Lopez Domez Mariano Energy extraction system for illuminating cables, among other uses, which comprises a power cable and an energy extraction device; method for manufacturing and repairing said system
US20140070639A1 (en) 2012-09-07 2014-03-13 Denso Corporation Rotary electric machine
US20140221763A1 (en) 2012-09-24 2014-08-07 Invuity, Inc. Methods and apparatus for controlling optical properties of light
US20140270639A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Schott Corporation Optical element for mie scattering light from an optical fiber
CN203241575U (en) 2013-05-09 2013-10-16 东莞市多亚电子有限公司 SFP fiber socket
US20140355295A1 (en) 2013-05-31 2014-12-04 Corning Incorporated Uniform illumination light diffusing fiber device
US20140363134A1 (en) 2013-06-10 2014-12-11 Corning Optical Communications LLC Optical fiber cable assembly comprising optical tracer fiber
US8909013B1 (en) 2013-06-14 2014-12-09 Amphenol Fiber Optic Technology (Shenzhen) Traceable cable assembly
US20160202418A1 (en) 2013-06-14 2016-07-14 Exfo Inc. Optical fiber modal distribution conditioner
WO2015000194A1 (en) 2013-07-01 2015-01-08 深圳市特发信息光网科技股份有限公司 Passive visible light patch cord tracers, light patch cord and method for tracking light patch cord
US9429731B2 (en) 2013-08-12 2016-08-30 Corning Optical Communications LLC Optical fiber cable assembly comprising optical tracer fiber
US20150043875A1 (en) 2013-08-12 2015-02-12 Corning Optical Communications LLC Optical fiber cable assembly comprising optical tracer fiber
US9182561B2 (en) 2013-08-13 2015-11-10 Corning Cable Systems Llc Optical fiber cable with cable heating element
US20150049992A1 (en) 2013-08-13 2015-02-19 Corning Cable Systems Llc Optical fiber cable with cable heating element
US20160231521A1 (en) 2013-09-16 2016-08-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical communication assemblies
US9388975B2 (en) 2013-11-07 2016-07-12 Swisscom Ag Communication cables with illumination
US20160313513A1 (en) 2013-12-09 2016-10-27 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Optical fiber connector validation
US20160377818A1 (en) 2014-01-14 2016-12-29 Tyco Electronics (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. Alignment system and method for calibrating position of optical fiber bore ferrule
US9529167B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2016-12-27 Liseen Corporation Optical cable module and method for manufacturing the same
US20160139353A1 (en) 2014-11-18 2016-05-19 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable optical fiber cable and filtered viewing device for enhanced traceability
US9304278B1 (en) 2015-03-31 2016-04-05 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable cable with side-emitting optical fiber and method of forming the same
US20160313483A1 (en) * 2015-04-24 2016-10-27 Bogdan Chomycz Cable Identifier
DE202015007044U1 (en) 2015-10-08 2015-11-12 Rosenberger-Osi Gmbh & Co. Ohg Patch cord and identification device with such a jumper cable
US20170207585A1 (en) 2016-01-19 2017-07-20 Corning Optical Communications LLC Traceable cable system, traceable cable assembly and connector
US9709750B1 (en) 2016-06-21 2017-07-18 Alliance Fiber Optic Products Inc. 2-dimensional fiber array structure
US20180128996A1 (en) 2016-11-07 2018-05-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Optical fiber connector with integrated installation tools

Non-Patent Citations (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Diode Lasers, Fiber Optics, IR, Red, Green, Blue Diode Lasers, Laser Diode, Fiber Illuminators, Fiber Optics, Coupler, Galvonarneters, Laser Show Acessories," Jan. 1, 2013, httn://www.meshtel.com/, 1 oage.
"Side Emitting Super Glowing Fiber." MeshTel.com. MeshTel-Intelite, Inc., 1996-2012. Web. Aug. 1, 2013.
"Super Vision Fiber Optics Side Glow Cables, " TriN01ihLighting.com, Tri North Lighting, Inc., n. d., Web. Aug. 1, 2013.
62/193638, 62/221769-Listed in ID as 26113.
62/193638, 62/221769—Listed in ID as 26113.
Endruweit et al. "Spectroscopic experiments regarding the efficiency of side emission optical fibres in the UV-A and visible blue spectrum", Optics and Lasers in Engineering 46 (2008) pp. 97-105.
European Search Report EP15168466 dated Dec. 17, 2015.
European Search Report, Application No. 15168466.9-1553, dated Dec. 17, 2015, 9 pages.
Fiber Optic Products, Inc., "Specifications of our Fiber and Cable," n. d. Retrieved on Aug. 9, 2013, 2 pages.
http://www.dexim.net/list.php?id=7, Dexim product reference, downloaded from the web Feb. 24, 2016. 2 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion PCT/US2016/020542 dated Jun. 7, 2016.
International Search Report and Written Opinion PCT/US2016/031624 dated Aug. 31, 2016.
International Search Report and Written Opinion PCT/US2016/042414 dated Oct. 5, 2016.
International Search Report and Written Opinion PCT/US2017/012899 dated Mar. 9, 2017.
International Searching Authority Invitation to Pay Additional Fees PCT/US2016/055497 dated Dec. 19, 2016.
International Searching Authority Invitation to Pay Additional Search Fees PCT/US2016/042416 dated Oct. 7, 2016.
Kremenakova, et al., "Characterizaion of Side EmmittingPolymeric Optical Fibres," Jounal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics 5:4 (2012) pp. 423-431, http://www.jfbi.org, Dec. 2012.
M. Rajesh, "Polymer Photonics: An Overview," Fabrication and Characterisation, 2011, 38 pages.
Optical fiber with nanostructured cladding ofTi02 nanoparticles self-assembled onto a side polished fiber and its temperature sensing, Lu et al., Optics Express, vol. 22, No. 26, Dec. 29, 2014, 7 pages, downloaded from Internet on Jan. 5, 2015.
Patent Cooperation Treaty International Search Report, Application No. PCT/US2014/049524, dated Jan. 20, 2015, 5 pages.
Patent Cooperation Treaty, International Search Report and Written Opinion for International Application No. PCT/US2014/041510, dated Sep. 18, 2014, 10 pages.
Patent Cooperation Treaty, International Search Report for PCT/US2015/060558, dated Feb. 9, 2016, 5 pages.
Patent Cooperation Treaty, International Search Report, Application No. PCT/US2013/025262, dated Jul. 16, 2013, 7 pages.
Patent Cooperation Treaty, International Search Report, PCT/US2014/049525, dated Jan. 23, 2015, 18 pages.
Schott, "SpectraStream Glass Harnesses," Rev. 11/06, 2 pages.
Spigulis, J., "Side-Emitting Fibers Brighten Our World in New Ways," Oct. 2005, Retrieved from www.osa-opn.org, 6 pages.
U.S. Appl. No. 13/431,565, filed Mar. 27, 2012, David L. Dean, Jr., 32 pages.
U.S. Appl. No. 14/295,844, Bookbinder filed on Jun. 4, 2014, 25 pages.
U.S. Appl. No. 14/791,924, filed May 20, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 15/000,128, filed Jan. 19, 2016.
U.S. Appl. No. 15/054,380, filed Mar. 31, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 15/142,853, filed Apr. 29, 2016.
U.S. Appl. No. 62/193,638, filed Jul. 17, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 62/193,643, filed Jul. 17, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 62/221,769, filed Sep. 22, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 62/221,774, filed Sep. 22, 2015.
U.S. Appl. No. 62/248,490, filed Oct. 30, 2015.

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2017189274A1 (en) 2017-11-02
US20170315318A1 (en) 2017-11-02
EP3449298A1 (en) 2019-03-06
CN109196402A (en) 2019-01-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5337381A (en) Fiber optic cylindrical diffuser
US5067831A (en) Linear optical conduits
US6714711B1 (en) Optical waveguide illuminator
US4195907A (en) Light-conducting fibers
US20030174942A1 (en) Method and apparatus for spatial domain multiplexing in optical fiber communications
US5222795A (en) Controlled light extraction from light guides and fibers
US5436805A (en) Thermally insulated distributed light network from a central light source
JP2014534565A (en) Fiber optic lighting system and method
CA2145371C (en) Light diffuser and process for the manufacturing of a light diffuser
EP1168025A2 (en) Cable having side-emitting fiber under transparent or translucent cable jacket
US9187367B2 (en) Curing apparatus employing angled UVLEDs
ES2367980T3 (en) Device for combining a fluid with an optical fiber or with a beam of optical fibers.
JP2006522953A (en) Fiber optic ribbon with preferential separation order
AU728368B2 (en) Fiber optic light source apparatus and method
US8737792B2 (en) Multicore fibers and associated structures and techniques
US5074632A (en) Fiber optic diffusers and methods for manufacture of the same
US6418252B1 (en) Light diffusing fiber optic chamber
EP1247042B1 (en) Light guide illumination device appearing uniform in brightness along its length
US8639079B2 (en) Multimode optical fiber
JP3987965B2 (en) Fiber optic lighting equipment
EP0224282A1 (en) Optical transmission system comprising a radiation source and a multiple-clad monomode optical transmission fibre with a negative-step index profile
US5471553A (en) Multicore hollow optical fiber and a method for preparation thereof
US6738547B2 (en) Composite cable units
US8871311B2 (en) Curing method employing UV sources that emit differing ranges of UV radiation
US6501888B2 (en) Fiber optic cables with strength members and an apparatus for making the same

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: CORNING OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS LLC, NORTH CAROLINA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MODAVIS, ROBERT ADAM;REEL/FRAME:039865/0061

Effective date: 20160907

STCF Information on status: patent grant

Free format text: PATENTED CASE