US100602A - Improvement in wrenches - Google Patents

Improvement in wrenches Download PDF

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Publication number
US100602A
US100602A US100602DA US100602A US 100602 A US100602 A US 100602A US 100602D A US100602D A US 100602DA US 100602 A US100602 A US 100602A
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Prior art keywords
wrenches
screw
improvement
ferrule
portion
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/12Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable
    • B25B13/16Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws the jaws being slidable by screw or nut

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIoE.

AURY G. GOES, OF `WOROESTR, MASSACHUSETTS.

IMPROVEMENT IN WRENCHES.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 100,602, dated March 8, 1870.

.To all to whom these presents shall come:

Beit known that I, AURY Gr. GoEs,'of the city and county of Worcester, andState of Massachusetts, have made an invention of l certain new and useful Improvements in Wrenches; and do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, due reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this speciiication, and in which--` Figure l is a perspective representation, and Fig. 2 a longitudinal section, of a wrench in which my improvements are embodied.l Fig. 3 is a section of a portion of the same on an enlarged scale or full size, the more clearly to illustrate one feature .of my invention.

The improvements herein described are based `upon a class of wrenches now in extensive use, known as screw-wrenches, and which consist, brieiiy, of a stationary end jaw, making p art of an attenuated bar, upon which i the movable jaw slides to and fro thereof, with respect to the stationary jaw, the movement of such movable jaw beingeftected by means of a screw which passes through it, and which is pi-voted or connected to the lowerpart of the bar, and stepped within a suitable bearingy .applied thereto to prevent its displacement.

My present improvements have reference to the peculiar arrangement of the step of the screw and of the nut which confines such step in place, by which economy in manufacture and nish in appearance is secured.

In carrying out my present invention I `have `selected as a basis wherewith to illustrate its .a cylindrical portion, to coincide with the end of the handle which enters it. In such a construction of parts I have found that the block, owing to its diversiiiedface, is much more i difficult to produce in bulk, and especially more difficult and expensive to inish, than when constructed as contemplated by the second portion of my invention. v

In order to carry my invention intov effect, I produce the ferrule E in two parts, the upper one, c, or that abutting against the lower end of the bar of the wrench. or a shoulder, b, formed thereupon, being cylindrical in crosssection and milled, in order to serve as a means to screw it upon the screw d, cut upon the shank, and the lower portion, or that denoted by the letter c in the drawings, being also cylindrical, in order to correspond to the end of the handle G, which should preferably extend a short distance into it.

rIhe portion c of the ferrule may or may not screw, upon the shank, and the eXtreme lower end of the shank should be provided with a screw, f, upon which is screwed a nut, g, to secure the handle firmly in place.

A ferrule made as described will be found to answer all the useful purposes of the patented one before mentioned, while it is susceptible of being produced with a high degree ofiinish and at much less cost than such patented one. l

Although to the uninitiated my present improvement may seem trilling and unimportant, yet my experience as a manufacturer has 4demonstrated the fact that in a large number of wrenches the difference in cost between the two forms of ferrule hereinbefore described is a matter of considerable importance, while the improved finish of the nut portion ot' said ferrule and the reduced weight of the shank' render a wrench thus provided much more desirable than under any form heretofore desire to secure by Let- Witnesses FRED. CURTIS, EDWARD GRIFFITH.

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4534364A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-08-13 Lamoreux Larry W Sagittal knee test apparatus
EP0204639A3 (en) * 1985-06-07 1987-08-19 Faro Medical Technologies Inc. Joint laxity measurement
US4727860A (en) * 1986-06-06 1988-03-01 Isotechnologies, Inc. Exercise apparatus for the knee
EP0265456A4 (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-04-27 Greogory James Roger Measurement of laxity of anterior cruciate ligament.
EP0155857A3 (en) * 1984-02-17 1988-10-26 Faro Medical Technologies Inc. Knee laxity evaluator and motion module/digitizer arrangement
US4905677A (en) * 1985-01-17 1990-03-06 Compagnie Generale De Materiel Orthopedique Apparatus for the mobilization of a lower limb
US4922925A (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-05-08 Washington University Computer based upper extremity evaluation system
FR2661600A1 (en) * 1990-05-03 1991-11-08 Lotti Jacques Device for measuring the extensions of the body by means of graduations and computerised numerical counting
EP0598019A4 (en) * 1991-08-01 1994-08-31 Drexel University
US20020198451A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-12-26 Carson Christopher P. Surgical navigation systems and processes for high tibial osteotomy
US20030069591A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2003-04-10 Carson Christopher Patrick Computer assisted knee arthroplasty instrumentation, systems, and processes
US20030181918A1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2003-09-25 Crista Smothers Image-guided fracture reduction
US20050075632A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-07 Russell Thomas A. Surgical positioners
US20050085822A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2005-04-21 Thornberry Robert C. Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes
US20050109855A1 (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-05-26 Mccombs Daniel Methods and apparatuses for providing a navigational array
US20050113659A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2005-05-26 Albert Pothier Device for data input for surgical navigation system
US20050113846A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2005-05-26 Carson Christopher P. Surgical navigation systems and processes for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
US20050119639A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2005-06-02 Mccombs Daniel L. Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes
US20050149041A1 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-07-07 Mcginley Brian J. Adjustable surgical cutting systems
US20050159759A1 (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-07-21 Mark Harbaugh Systems and methods for performing minimally invasive incisions
US20050197569A1 (en) * 2004-01-22 2005-09-08 Mccombs Daniel Methods, systems, and apparatuses for providing patient-mounted surgical navigational sensors
US20050228404A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-13 Dirk Vandevelde Surgical navigation system component automated imaging navigation and related processes
US20050228266A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-13 Mccombs Daniel L Methods and Apparatuses for Providing a Reference Array Input Device
US20050234466A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-20 Jody Stallings TLS adjustable block
US20050234465A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-20 Mccombs Daniel L Guided saw with pins
US20050234332A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-10-20 Murphy Stephen B Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty
US20050245808A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-11-03 Carson Christopher P Computer-aided methods, systems, and apparatuses for shoulder arthroplasty
US20050279368A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-12-22 Mccombs Daniel L Computer assisted surgery input/output systems and processes
US20060161051A1 (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-07-20 Lauralan Terrill-Grisoni Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty
US20060190011A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-08-24 Michael Ries Systems and methods for providing a reference plane for mounting an acetabular cup during a computer-aided surgery
US20060200025A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-09-07 Scott Elliott Systems, methods, and apparatus for automatic software flow using instrument detection during computer-aided surgery
US20070118055A1 (en) * 2005-11-04 2007-05-24 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Systems and methods for facilitating surgical procedures involving custom medical implants
US20070287910A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2007-12-13 Jody Stallings Quick Disconnect and Repositionable Reference Frame for Computer Assisted Surgery
US20090124936A1 (en) * 2007-11-09 2009-05-14 Ermi, Inc. Multi-Section Limb and Ligament Evaluation Apparatus and Associated Methods For Using Same
US8177788B2 (en) 2005-02-22 2012-05-15 Smith & Nephew, Inc. In-line milling system

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4534364A (en) * 1983-09-19 1985-08-13 Lamoreux Larry W Sagittal knee test apparatus
EP0155857A3 (en) * 1984-02-17 1988-10-26 Faro Medical Technologies Inc. Knee laxity evaluator and motion module/digitizer arrangement
US4905677A (en) * 1985-01-17 1990-03-06 Compagnie Generale De Materiel Orthopedique Apparatus for the mobilization of a lower limb
EP0204639A3 (en) * 1985-06-07 1987-08-19 Faro Medical Technologies Inc. Joint laxity measurement
EP0265456A4 (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-04-27 Greogory James Roger Measurement of laxity of anterior cruciate ligament.
US4913163A (en) * 1986-03-27 1990-04-03 Roger Gregory J Measurement of laxity of anterior cruciate ligament
US4727860A (en) * 1986-06-06 1988-03-01 Isotechnologies, Inc. Exercise apparatus for the knee
US4922925A (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-05-08 Washington University Computer based upper extremity evaluation system
FR2661600A1 (en) * 1990-05-03 1991-11-08 Lotti Jacques Device for measuring the extensions of the body by means of graduations and computerised numerical counting
EP0598019A4 (en) * 1991-08-01 1994-08-31 Drexel University
US20110071531A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2011-03-24 Carson Christopher P Systems using imaging data to facilitate surgical procedures
US20020198451A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-12-26 Carson Christopher P. Surgical navigation systems and processes for high tibial osteotomy
US20070123912A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2007-05-31 Carson Christopher P Surgical navigation systems and processes for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
US20050113846A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2005-05-26 Carson Christopher P. Surgical navigation systems and processes for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
US20110071530A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2011-03-24 Carson Christopher P Total knee arthroplasty systems and processes
US20030069591A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2003-04-10 Carson Christopher Patrick Computer assisted knee arthroplasty instrumentation, systems, and processes
US20050234468A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2005-10-20 Carson Christopher P Total knee arthroplasty systems and processes
US20070169782A1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2007-07-26 Crista Smothers Image-guided fracture reduction
US7237556B2 (en) 2002-02-11 2007-07-03 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Image-guided fracture reduction
US20030181918A1 (en) * 2002-02-11 2003-09-25 Crista Smothers Image-guided fracture reduction
US7862570B2 (en) 2003-10-03 2011-01-04 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Surgical positioners
US20050075632A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-04-07 Russell Thomas A. Surgical positioners
US8491597B2 (en) 2003-10-03 2013-07-23 Smith & Nephew, Inc. (partial interest) Surgical positioners
US20050119639A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2005-06-02 Mccombs Daniel L. Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes
US20050085822A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2005-04-21 Thornberry Robert C. Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes
US7764985B2 (en) 2003-10-20 2010-07-27 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes
US20100249581A1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2010-09-30 Mccombs Daniel L Surgical Navigation System Component Fault Interfaces and Related Processes
US20050149041A1 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-07-07 Mcginley Brian J. Adjustable surgical cutting systems
US7794467B2 (en) 2003-11-14 2010-09-14 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Adjustable surgical cutting systems
US20050109855A1 (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-05-26 Mccombs Daniel Methods and apparatuses for providing a navigational array
US20050113659A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2005-05-26 Albert Pothier Device for data input for surgical navigation system
US20100010506A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2010-01-14 Murphy Stephen B Method of Computer-Assisted Ligament Balancing and Component Placement in Total Knee Arthroplasty
US20050234332A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-10-20 Murphy Stephen B Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty
US20050159759A1 (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-07-21 Mark Harbaugh Systems and methods for performing minimally invasive incisions
US20050197569A1 (en) * 2004-01-22 2005-09-08 Mccombs Daniel Methods, systems, and apparatuses for providing patient-mounted surgical navigational sensors
US7477926B2 (en) 2004-03-31 2009-01-13 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for providing a reference array input device
US20050234466A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-20 Jody Stallings TLS adjustable block
US20050228266A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-13 Mccombs Daniel L Methods and Apparatuses for Providing a Reference Array Input Device
US20050234465A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-20 Mccombs Daniel L Guided saw with pins
US20050228404A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-13 Dirk Vandevelde Surgical navigation system component automated imaging navigation and related processes
US20070287910A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2007-12-13 Jody Stallings Quick Disconnect and Repositionable Reference Frame for Computer Assisted Surgery
US20050245808A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-11-03 Carson Christopher P Computer-aided methods, systems, and apparatuses for shoulder arthroplasty
US8109942B2 (en) 2004-04-21 2012-02-07 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Computer-aided methods, systems, and apparatuses for shoulder arthroplasty
US20050279368A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-12-22 Mccombs Daniel L Computer assisted surgery input/output systems and processes
US20060200025A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-09-07 Scott Elliott Systems, methods, and apparatus for automatic software flow using instrument detection during computer-aided surgery
US20060190011A1 (en) * 2004-12-02 2006-08-24 Michael Ries Systems and methods for providing a reference plane for mounting an acetabular cup during a computer-aided surgery
US20060161051A1 (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-07-20 Lauralan Terrill-Grisoni Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty
US8177788B2 (en) 2005-02-22 2012-05-15 Smith & Nephew, Inc. In-line milling system
US20070118055A1 (en) * 2005-11-04 2007-05-24 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Systems and methods for facilitating surgical procedures involving custom medical implants
US20110092978A1 (en) * 2005-11-04 2011-04-21 Mccombs Daniel L Systems and methods for facilitating surgical procedures involving custom medical implants
US20090124936A1 (en) * 2007-11-09 2009-05-14 Ermi, Inc. Multi-Section Limb and Ligament Evaluation Apparatus and Associated Methods For Using Same

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