TWM552413U - Power tool including an output position sensor - Google Patents

Power tool including an output position sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM552413U
TWM552413U TW106202809U TW106202809U TWM552413U TW M552413 U TWM552413 U TW M552413U TW 106202809 U TW106202809 U TW 106202809U TW 106202809 U TW106202809 U TW 106202809U TW M552413 U TWM552413 U TW M552413U
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
anvil
motor
hammer
controller
power tool
Prior art date
Application number
TW106202809U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
約翰 S. 戴四世
傑可 P. 史全艾德
Original Assignee
米沃奇電子工具公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201662299871P priority Critical
Priority to US201662374235P priority
Application filed by 米沃奇電子工具公司 filed Critical 米沃奇電子工具公司
Publication of TWM552413U publication Critical patent/TWM552413U/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D11/00Portable percussive tools with electromotor or other motor drive
    • B25D11/04Portable percussive tools with electromotor or other motor drive in which the tool bit or anvil is hit by an impulse member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/14Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers
    • B25B23/147Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers specially adapted for electrically operated wrenches or screwdrivers
    • B25B23/1475Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers specially adapted for electrically operated wrenches or screwdrivers for impact wrenches or screwdrivers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B21/00Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose
    • B25B21/02Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose with means for imparting impact to screwdriver blade or nut socket
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B21/00Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose
    • B25B21/02Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose with means for imparting impact to screwdriver blade or nut socket
    • B25B21/026Impact clutches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D16/00Portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D16/006Mode changers; Mechanisms connected thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D17/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D17/06Hammer pistons; Anvils ; Guide-sleeves for pistons
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D5/00Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable
    • G01D5/12Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable using electric or magnetic means
    • G01D5/14Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable using electric or magnetic means influencing the magnitude of a current or voltage
    • G01D5/20Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable using electric or magnetic means influencing the magnitude of a current or voltage by varying inductance, e.g. by a movable armature
    • G01D5/2006Mechanical means for transferring the output of a sensing member; Means for converting the output of a sensing member to another variable where the form or nature of the sensing member does not constrain the means for converting; Transducers not specially adapted for a specific variable using electric or magnetic means influencing the magnitude of a current or voltage by varying inductance, e.g. by a movable armature by influencing the self-induction of one or more coils
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2211/00Details of portable percussive tools with electromotor or other motor drive
    • B25D2211/06Means for driving the impulse member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2216/00Details of portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D2216/0007Details of percussion or rotation modes
    • B25D2216/0023Tools having a percussion-and-rotation mode
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2217/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D2217/0011Details of anvils, guide-sleeves or pistons
    • B25D2217/0015Anvils
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2250/00General details of portable percussive tools; Components used in portable percussive tools
    • B25D2250/005Adjustable tool components; Adjustable parameters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2250/00General details of portable percussive tools; Components used in portable percussive tools
    • B25D2250/221Sensors

Abstract

A power tool including a motor and an impact mechanism. The impact mechanism is coupled to the motor and includes a hammer driven by the motor, and an anvil positioned at a nose of the power tool, and configured to receive an impact from the hammer. The power tool also includes a sensor assembly positioned at the nose of the power tool, and an electronic processor. The sensor assembly includes an output position sensor configured to generate an output signal indicative of a position of the hammer or the anvil. The electronic processor is coupled to the output position sensor and to the motor, and is configured to operate the motor based on the output signal from the output position sensor.

Description

Power tool including output position sensor

FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a power tool including an output position sensor that monitors a position of an anvil in a power tool.

RELATED APPLICATIONS This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/299,871, filed on Feb. 25, 2016, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. The priority of 62/374,235, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference.

New Overview This new type proposes a power tool that includes an output position sensor. In several embodiments, a power tool is operative to achieve a desired output characteristic. For example, the power tool can be operated to achieve a particular torque, nut tension, and the like. In several embodiments, repeated testing of the same application produces a consistent torque output by achieving a consistent number of impacts transmitted to the anvil. In these embodiments, the power tool closely approximates the performance of a particular torsion impact driver and wrench without requiring the use of a torsion transducer. The more accurate the power tool determines the number of impacts transmitted to the anvil, the more accurate the power tool will achieve a particular torque or other output characteristic.

By directly measuring one of the monitored anvil positions, the power tool can detect the impact using an impact detection algorithm, and the detected shock can be used, for example, in a hammer count mode and an advanced hammer count mode. In this and other modes, the power tool can stop, adjust, or otherwise control the motor based on the number of detected shocks. Therefore, the power tool can limit the impact of the tool to a consistent number based on the position of the anvil. By directly monitoring the position of the anvil, the power tool can also implement an angular distance mode, a nut rotation mode, and a constant energy mode.

In one embodiment, the present invention provides a power tool including a housing, an anvil supported by the housing, a motor positioned inside the housing, and a hammer mechanically coupled to and driven by the motor . The hammer is assembled to drive the anvil and deliver a majority of impact to the anvil. The power tool also includes an output position sensor. The power tool also includes a controller electrically coupled to the motor and to the output position sensor. The controller is configured to monitor an anvil position based on the output from the output position sensor, determine when an impact is transmitted to the anvil based on the anvil position, and when the number of impacts transmitted to the anvil exceeds an impact The operation of the power tool is changed at a critical value.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a power tool including a housing, an anvil supported by the housing, a motor disposed inside the housing and assembled to drive the anvil, and mechanically coupled A hammer to the motor. The hammer is assembled to perform an impact operation by delivering a majority of impacts to the anvil. The power tool also includes an output position sensor and a controller. The controller is electrically coupled to the motor and to the output position sensor. The controller is configured to determine an anvil position based on an output from the output position sensor, calculate one of the impact operation parameters, and compare the calculated parameter to a parameter threshold. The controller is also configured to change an operation of the power tool when the calculated parameter is greater than the parameter threshold.

Other aspects of the present invention will be more apparent by considering the detailed description and the drawings.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Before any embodiment of the present invention is explained in detail, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited by its application to the details of the composition and arrangement of the components set forth in the following detailed description or illustrated in the following drawings. . The present invention is capable of other embodiments and of various embodiments. Also, it must be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein are for the purpose of description and should not be construed as limiting. The use of "including", "comprising" or "having" and variations thereof is used herein to encompass the items listed thereafter and their equivalents and additional items. The terms "installation", "connection" and "couple" are used broadly to cover both direct and indirect installation, connection and coupling. In addition, "connected" and "coupled" are not limited to physical or mechanical connections or couplings, and may include electrical connections or couplings, either directly or indirectly.

It should be noted that most hardware and software based devices and most different structural components can be utilized to implement the present invention. Furthermore, and as described in the following paragraphs, the specific configuration illustrated in the drawings is intended to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention and other alternative configurations. Unless otherwise stated, the terms "processor", "central processing unit" and "CPU" are interchangeable. When the terms "processor," "central processing unit," and "CPU" are used to identify a unit that performs a particular function, it should be understood that the functions may be a single processor or a multi-processor in any form, unless stated otherwise. This includes parallel processors, serial processors, tandem processors, or cloud processing/cloud computing configurations.

FIG. 1 illustrates a power tool 10 incorporating a direct current (DC) motor 15. In a brushless motor power tool, such as power tool 10, the switching element is selectively enabled and disabled by a control signal from the controller to selectively apply power from a power source (eg, a battery pack) to drive (eg, control) ) Brushless motor. The power tool 10 is a brushless impact wrench having a housing 20 including a handle portion 25 and a motor housing portion 30. The motor housing portion 30 is mechanically coupled to the impact housing 35 that houses the output unit 40. The impact shell 35 forms the nose of the power tool 10 and, in several embodiments, may be made of a different material from the housing 20. For example, the impact shell 35 can be metal and the housing 20 is plastic. The power tool 10 further includes a mode selection button 45, a forward/reverse selector 50, a trigger 55, a battery interface 60, and a luminaire 65. Although the power tool 10 illustrated in FIG. 2 is an impact wrench, the description herein is also applicable to other impact tools such as, for example, electric drill hammers, impact hole saws, impact drivers, and the like.

The power tool 10 also includes an impact mechanism 67 including an anvil 70, and a hammer 75 positioned within the impact housing 35 and mechanically coupled to the motor 15 through a gearbox 77. The gearbox 77 can include, for example, a gear or other mechanism to shift rotational power from the motor 15 to the impact mechanism 67 and, in particular, to the hammer 75. Gearbox 77 is supported by gearbox 78 (Fig. 21A) which, in the exemplary embodiment, is also coupled to impingement housing 35. Gearbox 78 can also be coupled to housing 20. The hammer 75 is axially biased to engage the anvil 70 through the spring 80. The hammer 75 periodically impacts the anvil 70 to increase the amount of torque transmitted by the power tool 10 (eg, the anvil 70 drives the output unit 40). The anvil 70 includes an engagement structure 85 that is rotationally fixed to the anvil 70. The engagement structure 85 includes a plurality of projections 90 (e.g., two projections in the exemplary embodiment) to engage the hammer 75 and receive an impact from the hammer 75. As the motor 15 continues to rotate, the power tool 10 is subjected to a higher resistance and a spring 80 coupled to the hammer 75 during a shock event or cycle. When the spring 80 is compressed, the spring 80 is retracted toward the motor 15 and stretched along the hammer 75 until the hammer 75 disengages from the anvil 70 and abruptly advances to impact and re-engage with the anvil 70. An impact refers to an event in which the spring 80 is released and the hammer 75 strikes the anvil 70. The impact increases the amount of torque transmitted by the anvil 70.

As shown in Figure 2, the impact wrench 10 also includes a cover 95 that is also rotationally fixed to the anvil 70 (i.e., the cover 95 does not rotate relative to the anvil 70). Cover 95 includes teeth 100 and slots 105 that are evenly spaced around the surface of cover 95. The teeth 100 and slots 105 of the cover 95 allow the sensor to directly determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of the anvil 70. In several embodiments, the cover 95 is integrally formed with the anvil 70. In several embodiments, the cover 95 is integrally formed with the engagement structure 85 such that the cover 95 and the engagement structure 85 form a single piece. In other embodiments, as shown in Figures 14-15, the impact wrench 10 does not include the cover 95.

3 illustrates a simplified block diagram 110 of a brushless power tool 10 that includes a power source 115, a field effect transistor (FET) 120, a motor 15, a Hall effect sensor 125 (also referred to as a Hall sensor), and an output location. Sensor 130, controller 135, user input 140, and other components 145 (battery fuel gauge, work light (LED), current/voltage sensor, etc.). Power source 115 supplies DC power to various components of power tool 10 and may be rechargeable and use a power tool battery pack such as lithium ion battery technology. In some cases, the power source 115 can receive AC power (eg, 120V/60 Hz) from a tool plug that is coupled to a standard wall outlet, and then filter, constrain, and rectify the received power to output DC power.

Each Hall sensor 125 outputs motor feedback information, such as an indication (eg, a pulse) of when the magnet of the rotor rotates across the surface of the Hall sensor. Based on the motor feedback information from the Hall sensor 125, the controller 135 can directly determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of the rotor. In contrast to direct measurement of rotor position, Hall sensor 125 may additionally provide indirect information regarding the position of anvil 70. The output position sensor 130 outputs information about the position of the anvil 70. In the exemplary embodiment, output position sensor 130 is configured to inductive sensors to generate an electromagnetic field and to detect the presence (or proximity) of an object based on changes in the electromagnetic field. In some embodiments, output position sensor 130 may also be referred to as a sensor assembly, an anvil sensor, or an anvil position sensor. In the exemplary embodiment, output position sensor 130 is aligned with cover 95 of anvil 70. The output position sensor 130 detects when each of the teeth 100 of the cover 95 passes the electromagnetic field generated by the output position sensor 130. Since each of the teeth 100 is evenly spaced by one of the slots 105, detection by the output position sensor 130 of each tooth 100 indicates that the anvil 70 has rotated a predetermined angular distance (e.g., 3 degrees). Each time a tooth 100 passes an electromagnetic field, the output position sensor 130 produces a positive voltage, and in some embodiments, each time one of the slots 105 passes an electromagnetic field, the output position sensor 130 produces a negative voltage. When most of the position metrics for the anvil 70 are analyzed over time, other metrics (eg, velocity, acceleration, etc.) regarding the anvil 70 can be derived. Thus, output position sensor 130 provides direct information that controller 135 uses to directly determine the position, velocity, and/or acceleration of anvil 70. In several embodiments, the output position sensor 130 can be used to provide an indirect measure of rotor position and/or movement.

In the exemplary embodiment, the output position sensor 130 is housed inside the impact housing 35 of the nose of the power tool 10. The output position sensor 130 is located in front of the gearbox 77 (eg, closer to the output unit 40). Referring back to FIG. 2, the impact housing 35 of the power tool 10 includes a bore 146 that is configured to receive the sensor block 147. The sensor block 147 includes a recess 148 on which the output position sensor 130 is fixed. The sensor block 147 is sized to fit within the aperture 146 such that the perimeter of the sensor block 147 abuts the perimeter of the aperture 146. When the sensor block 147 is positioned within the aperture 146, the back side of the sensor block 147 forms a smooth or flat surface with the remainder of the nose 35 of the power tool 10. In other words, when the sensor block 147 is in the hole 146, the sensor block 147 and the remainder of the impact shell 35 of the power tool 10 are apparently formed as a single piece. In other embodiments, the recess 148 forms an integral portion of the remainder of the impact shell 35 of the power tool 10, and the output position sensor 130 is placed on the inner surface of the impact shell 35 of the power tool 10. In other embodiments, such as illustrated in Figures 14-15, the output position sensor 130 can be differentially incorporated into the power tool 10.

The controller 135 also receives user control from the user input 140, such as by using the mode select button 45 to select an operating mode, snapping the trigger 55 or shifting the forward/reverse selector 50. In response to motor feedback information and user control, controller 135 transmits a control signal to control FET 120 to drive motor 15. By selectively enabling and disabling FET 120, power from power source 115 is selectively applied to the stator coils of motor 15 causing rotation of the rotor. Although not shown in the figures, controller 135, output position sensor 130, and other components of power tool 10 are electrically coupled to power source 115 such that power source 115 provides power thereto.

In the exemplary embodiment, controller 135 is implemented by an electronic processor or microcontroller. In several embodiments, the processor implementing controller 135 also controls other aspects of power tool 10 such as, for example, operation of work light 65 and/or fuel gauge, recording usage data, communicating with external devices, and the like. In several embodiments, the power tool 10 is assembled to control the operation of the motor based on the number of impacts performed by the hammer of the power tool 10. The controller 135 monitors the change in acceleration and/or position of the anvil 70 to detect the number of impacts performed by the power tool 10 and to control the motor 15 accordingly. By directly monitoring the anvil position, the controller 135 can effectively control the number of impacts over the full range of battery charging and motor speed of the tool (i.e., independent of battery charging or motor speed).

The power tool 10 is operated in various modes. The various modes enable different features to be performed by the power tool 10 and assist in certain applications for the user. The current mode of operation of the power tool 10 is selected by the user via user input 140. To receive this mode selection, user input 140 may include a manually operated switch or button (eg, mode select button 45) external to power tool 10.

In several embodiments, power tool 10 includes communication circuitry 146 (eg, a transceiver or a wired interface) that is configured to communicate with external devices 147 (eg, smart phones, tablets, laptops, etc.). The external device 147 generates a graphical user interface that receives various control parameters from the user (e.g., with reference to Figure 10). The graphical user interface presents a pattern overview to the user. The pattern profile includes a set of selection features and selectors associated with each feature. For example, the first mode profile can include motor speed characteristics and work light features. The first mode profile further defines the specific parameter values of the motor speed and the brightness of the work light. The graphical user interface receives the selection from the user to indicate which features are included in each mode profile and the parameter values that define the selected feature. The parameter can be specified as an absolute value (eg, 1500 RPM or 15 revolutions), a percentage (eg, 75% of the maximum RPM), or using another standard (eg, a joint stiffness of 1 to 10) such that the controller 135 can convert The absolute value is used to control the operation of the power tool 10.

The graphical user interface also receives an indication from the user to send a particular mode profile to the power tool 10. The external device then sends a mode profile to the power tool 10. The power tool 10 receives the mode profile and stores the mode profile in the memory of the power tool 10 (eg, the memory of the controller 135 and/or the separate memory). The power tool 10 (e.g., controller 135) then receives a selection of the mode of operation for the power tool 10 and detects the depression of the trigger 55. The controller 135 then operates the power tool 10 in accordance with the selected mode of operation. Based on the selected mode of operation, the controller 135 can stop operation of the power tool 10 under different conditions. For example, the controller 135 may stop driving the motor 15 after the predetermined number of impacts has been transmitted to the anvil 70, and/or the controller 135 may stop the operation of the power tool 10 when the release of the trigger 55 is detected by the controller 135, even if The power tool 10 is also used in operation and/or work.

In the exemplary embodiment, power tool 10 can operate in a hammer count mode, an advanced hammer count mode, an angular distance mode, a nut rotation mode, and a constant energy mode. In several embodiments, each of these modes can be considered to be one of the features that can be incorporated into the mode profile. As discussed above, each mode profile can have two or more features that can be used simultaneously or sequentially to control the operation of the power tool 10. Similarly, two or more of these modes can be combined and used within a single mode profile for simultaneous and/or sequential control of the power tool 10.

Figure 4 illustrates the operation of the power tool 10 in a hammering count mode. During the hammer count mode, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 in accordance with the selected mode and trigger pull (step 149). The controller 135 then determines that the impact operation has begun by determining if the motor current is greater than or equal to the current threshold (step 150). When the motor current is greater than or equal to the current threshold, the controller determines that the impact operation has begun. Otherwise, if the motor current remains below the current threshold, controller 135 determines that a non-impact (e.g., continuous) operation is being performed and controller 135 continues to drive the motor based on the mode and trigger pull. In other embodiments, controller 135 may determine that an impact operation has begun by monitoring other parameters of power tool 10, such as, for example, motor speed. The controller 135 then determines the number of impacts received by the anvil 70 from the hammer 75 through the periodic anvil position metric to monitor the position of the anvil 70 until a predetermined number of impacts is transmitted to the anvil 70. As previously discussed, the motor 15 tightens the spring 80. When the spring 80 is tightened, the load to the motor 15 increases. Then, the motor 15 is slowed down (i.e., decelerated) in response to an increase in the load. Finally, the hammer 75 is released from the anvil 70 and the spring 80. When the spring 80 is released, the hammer 75 abruptly advances and strikes the anvil 70, thereby creating an impact and causing the anvil 70 to rotate for at least a predetermined amount (eg, a position threshold). When the controller 135 detects that the anvil 70 has rotated for a predetermined amount, the controller 135 increments the impact counter. Operation of the motor 15 continues until a certain number of impacts are transmitted to the anvil 70.

As shown in FIG. 4, in the hammer count mode, controller 135 uses output position sensor 130 to measure the position of anvil 70 in step 152. The controller 135 calculates a change in the position of the anvil 70 (e.g., by comparing the current anvil position with the previous anvil position) (step 153), and determines if the change in the position of the anvil is greater than the position threshold (step 155). The position threshold indicates the minimum amount by which the anvil 70 is rotated when the hammer 75 transmits an impact. If the controller 135 determines that the change in the position of the anvil does not exceed the position threshold, the controller 135 continues the operation of the motor 15 and monitors the anvil position (step 152). When the controller 135 detects that the change in the anvil position is greater than the position threshold, the controller 135 increments the impact counter (step 160). Controller 135 then determines if the current impact counter is greater than the impact threshold (step 165). The impact threshold determines the number of impacts to be transmitted to the anvil 70 prior to the change in operation of the power tool 10. If the current impact counter does not exceed the impact threshold, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 until the impact counter reaches the desired number of impacts.

When the impact counter is greater than the impact threshold, the controller 135 changes the operation of the motor 15 (step 170) and resets the impact counter (step 175). For example, changing motor operation may include stopping the motor 15, increasing or decreasing the speed of the motor 15, changing the direction of rotation of the motor 15, and/or other changes in motor operation. As mentioned above, in several embodiments, the hammer count mode can be a feature that is combined with other features in a single mode. In these embodiments, the particular variation in motor operation may depend on other features used in the combined hammer count mode. For example, the mode profile may combine the drive speed feature with the hammer count mode such that the drive speed of the motor changes according to the number of detected impacts. For example, the power tool 10 can be assembled to rotate at a slow speed until five impacts are delivered, and then the drive speed is increased to a medium speed until ten additional impacts are delivered, and finally, increased to near maximum speed until five additional impacts are delivered. until. In this example, the power tool 10 transmits a total of 20 impacts and operates at low speed, medium speed, and high speed. In other embodiments, other features combine to hammer the counting mode.

In the advanced hammer count mode, the power tool 10 is similar to that described above with respect to FIG. 4 when the power tool 10 is operating in the hammer count mode. However, in the advanced hammer count mode, the controller 135 begins counting the number of impacts transmitted to the anvil 70 only after the joint between the surface and the fastener reaches a predetermined stiffness. The controller 135, in response to the impact received from the hammer 75, determines the stiffness of the joint based on the rotational distance traveled by the anvil 70. The controller 135 determines low rigidity when the rotational distance traveled by the anvil 70 is relatively high. As the rotational distance traveled by the anvil 70 decreases, the stiffness determined by the controller 135 increases. In several embodiments, the power tool 10 operates the power tool 10 without load to calibrate the measure of stiffness. The joint stiffness calculated on the particular joint is then compared to the stiffness calculated when the power tool 10 is unloaded.

Figure 5 illustrates a method performed by controller 135 when power tool 10 is operating in an advanced hammer count mode where the impact is only counted when the joint reaches a predetermined stiffness. As shown in FIG. 5, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 in accordance with the selected mode and trigger pull (step 178). Controller 135 then determines the starting point of the impact operation by monitoring the motor current (step 179). More specifically, when the motor current is greater than or equal to the current threshold, the controller 135 determines that the impact operation has begun. In other embodiments, controller 135 can monitor other parameters (eg, motor speed) to determine when the impact operation begins. Controller 135 also measures the position of anvil 70 as described with respect to Figure 4 (step 180). Controller 135 then calculates a change in anvil position based on the current anvil position and the previous anvil position (step 185). The controller 135 proceeds to determine if the change in the anvil position is greater than the position threshold, thus indicating that the impact has been passed to the anvil 70 (step 190). If the change in the anvil position is not greater than the position threshold, the controller 135 continues to drive the motor and monitor the anvil position (step 180).

On the other hand, if the change in the anvil position is greater than the position threshold, the controller 135 calculates the joint rigidity based on the change in the anvil position (step 195). In other words, the controller 135 first determines whether an impact has occurred, and if an impact has occurred, the controller 135 calculates the joint rigidity using the calculated change in the anvil position. Controller 135 then determines if the calculated stiffness is greater than the stiffness threshold (step 200). If the calculated stiffness is not greater than the stiffness threshold, controller 135 continues to drive the motor and monitor the anvil position (step 180). However, if the calculated stiffness is greater than the stiffness threshold, the controller 135 increments the impact counter by one (step 205). Then, similar to step 165 of FIG. 4, controller 135 determines if the impact counter is greater than the impact threshold (step 210). If the impact counter is not greater than the impact threshold, the controller 135 continues to drive the motor and monitor the anvil position (step 180). Once the impact counter is greater than the impact threshold, controller 135 changes the motor operation and resets the impact counter (step 215) as previously described with respect to FIG. As previously discussed, in several embodiments, the advanced hammer count mode is one of the features used within the pattern profile. In such embodiments, the advanced hammer count mode can be combined with other composable features provided in a mode such as, for example, the drive speed of the motor, the target torque of the fastener, and the like.

FIG. 6 illustrates a screenshot of a user interface generated by an external device in communication with the power tool 10. In some embodiments, an external device can be used to plan the operation of the power tool 10. For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the external device can generate a graphical user interface that includes a plurality of selectors (eg, sliders) that are assembled to receive, for example, a desired joint stiffness (for use in FIG. 5). The stiffness threshold used in step 200) and the user selection of the number of impacts transmitted to the anvil 70 prior to motor operation change. In several embodiments, the user does not specify the various parameters used by controller 135. Instead, the graphical user interface receives characteristics of the snap application (eg, fastener type, material, etc.) from the user, and the external device determines the parameters to be used by the controller 135. Although FIG. 6 illustrates the connector rigid selector and the impact threshold selector, when the power tool 10 is operated in the hammer counting mode, the connector rigid selector is not necessary and thus can be deleted.

FIG. 7 illustrates the operation of the power tool 10 when the power tool 10 is operated in the angular distance mode. In the angular distance mode, the controller 135 can also determine when the anvil has rotated a predetermined rotational distance, and can control the motor 15 based on the angular position of the anvil 70. As shown in the flow chart of FIG. 7, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 218). The controller 135 also detects the seating of the fastener (step 220). In the exemplary embodiment, the controller 135 determines that the fastener is seated by monitoring the angular displacement of the anvil 70 in response to each impact. When the fastener becomes seated, the angular displacement of the anvil 70 is reduced. Therefore, when the angular displacement in response to an impact anvil 70 is less than a specific angular displacement threshold, the controller 135 determines that the fastener is seated. Until the fastener has been seated, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull. When the controller 135 determines that the fastener has been seated, the controller 135 uses the output position sensor 130 to measure the position of the anvil (step 225), and continues to operate the motor 15 in the desired direction until the anvil 70 has rotated the desired rotational distance. (Step 218). If the controller 135 determines that the anvil 70 has not rotated the desired rotational distance after the fastener is seated, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 in accordance with the pulling force of the trigger 55 (step 235). On the other hand, if the controller 135 determines that the anvil 70 has rotated a desired rotational distance after the fastener is seated, the controller 135 changes the operation of the motor 15 (step 240). As explained above with respect to FIG. 4, changing the operation of the motor includes changing the direction of the motor, stopping the motor, changing the speed of the motor 15, and changing based on the mode of operation selected for the power tool 10.

Figure 8 illustrates a screenshot of an example of a graphical user interface that is assembled by the user to receive one of the desired angular distances after the fastener is seated. As shown in Figure 8, the graphical user interface can receive a parameter from the user that specifies the desired rotational distance and the desired change in motor operation once the anvil 70 is rotated for the desired rotational distance. After the fastener is seated, rotating the anvil 70 to a desired rotational distance allows the controller 135 to snap a fastener to the illustrated fastener tension. In several embodiments, instead of changing the motor operation after the anvil 70 has been rotated for a predetermined rotational distance, the controller 135 can calculate the fastener tension and change the operation of the motor 15 once a particular fastener tension is reached. For example, the controller 135 can calculate the fastener tension and the comparable calculated fastener tension and the predetermined tension threshold based on the rotational displacement of the anvil 70. Controller 135 can continue to operate motor 15 until a predetermined threshold of tension is reached. The controller 135 can change the operation of the motor 15 when a predetermined threshold of tension is reached.

9 illustrates an example of a user interface operation of the power tool 10 during the nut rotation mode and FIG. 10 illustrating a user interface that is configured to receive a selection of parameter values for the nut rotation mode. As shown in FIG. 10, the graphical user interface can receive from the user the parameters of the nut that are to be tightened and the motor speed parameters. As an example, for example, the number of target rotations is provided to the user based on engineering specifications for a particular job or task. During the nut rotation mode, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 in accordance with the selected mode and the detected trigger tension (step 243). The controller 135 also uses the output position sensor 130 to measure the position of the anvil (step 245) and, for example, to monitor the change in the anvil position to determine if the anvil 70 has rotated a predetermined distance (step 250). If the anvil 70 has not been rotated by a predetermined distance, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15. The predetermined distance is indicated by a single rotation or a single rotation of the nut. Therefore, when the anvil 70 has been rotated by a predetermined distance, the controller 135 incrementally rotates the counter up to 1 (step 255). Controller 135 then determines that the rotation counter is greater than the rotation threshold (step 260). The rotation counter indicates the number of user-specified revolutions that will be made for the nut to be tightened. If the rotation counter is not greater than the rotation threshold, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 and returns to step 245. When the rotation counter is greater than the rotation threshold, controller 135 changes the operation of motor 15 (step 265), as discussed above with respect to Figure 4, and resets the rotation counter (step 270). For example, referring to Figure 10, the motor 15 will change to the speed indicated by the motor speed parameter in step 265.

In some embodiments, the user may not indicate the number of rotations to be performed, but instead may indicate the total angle from the first impact. In such embodiments, the total angle stated by the user may be used as a predetermined distance for comparing the rotation of the anvil 370 at step 250. When the controller 135 determines that the anvil 370 has rotated the desired total angle from the first impact (eg, when the rotation of the anvil 370 exceeds the predetermined distance), the controller 135 proceeds to step 265 to change the motor operation. In these embodiments, there is no need to use a rotary counter.

Figure 11 illustrates the operation of power tool 10 during a constant energy mode. As shown in FIG. 11, controller 135 provides control signals for driving motor 15 (step 275) and calculating impact energy (step 280) based on the selected mode, trigger pull, and desired impact energy. The impact energy is calculated based on, for example, the rotation of the motor 15, the change in the position of the impact anvil received from the hammer 75, the change in the position of the anvil when the impact is not received, and the like. Then, the controller 135 calculates a change in impact energy based on the previous calculation of the impact energy (step 285), and determines whether the change in the impact energy is greater than the changeable threshold (step 290). If the change in impact energy is not greater than the changeable threshold, controller 135 continues to operate motor 15 in the same manner (step 275). However, if the change in impact energy is greater than the changeable threshold, controller 135 adjusts the PWM signal used to control motor 15 such that the impact energy remains nearly constant (step 295). For example, the PWM duty cycle is extended to increase the impact energy and shorten the impact energy. As such, the constant energy mode provides a closed circuit operation of the power tool 10. A constant energy mode may be useful for impact hole saws, for example, operating at a constant energy source while cutting through the material. The constant energy mode can also be used for the impact wrench to tighten the fastener with a near constant energy.

As shown in FIG. 12, the graphical user interface on the external device can receive a selection of a constant energy mode (eg, an on/off dial (not shown)) and an impact energy level (eg, high impact energy). , medium impact energy, or low impact energy) instead of receiving specific impact energy for a constant energy mode. In other embodiments, the graphical user interface can receive a particular impact energy to be used in a constant energy mode.

4-12, the controller 135 can also combine the output signals from the output position sensor 130 to control the operation of the motor 15 using the output signals from the Hall effect sensor 125. For example, when the controller 135 detects that the motor 15 is no longer operating (eg, using a signal from the Hall effect sensor 125), the controller 135 resets the impact counter and rotates the counter to zero to begin the next operation, This is true even if, for example, the impact threshold and/or the rotational threshold are not reached. Controller 135 may also determine that motor 15 is no longer performing an impact event when the time between successive impact events exceeds a predetermined impact end threshold. This time of use as the impact end threshold can be experimentally determined, for example, by the time when the lowest impact velocity of the power tool is used and when the battery is powered by a battery having a low battery charge, measuring the time it takes for the power tool 10 to complete an impact event.

Figure 13 illustrates a line graph showing the rotational position (in radians) of the anvil 70 relative to the time during the impact operation. As shown in FIG. 13, the anvil 70 exemplifies a gradual increase in the rotational position due to the impact operation (for example, because the anvil 70 advances in response to an impact from the hammer 75). As also shown in Figure 13, as the duration of the impact operation increases (e.g., an increase in the time axis), each impact from the hammer 75 aggravates a small change in the rotational position of the anvil. This may indicate that as the duration of the impact operation increases, the torque required to move the anvil 70 increases, and the fastener moves deeper into the workpiece.

14-15 illustrate another embodiment of an impact mechanism 300 and an output position sensor 305 (eg, also referred to as a sensor assembly) that are included in the impact wrench 10. The impact mechanism 300 includes similar components to the impact mechanism 67 shown in Figures 1 and 2, and like components are given a similar component symbol plus 300. Figure 14 is a side cross-sectional view of the impact mechanism 300. The impact mechanism 300 includes an anvil 370 and a hammer 375 and is mechanically coupled to a motor (not shown). The hammer 375 periodically impacts the anvil 370 to increase the amount of torque transmitted by the power tool 10. The anvil 370 includes an engagement structure 385 that includes two projections 390a, 390b to engage the hammer 375 and receive an impact from the hammer 375. As shown in FIG. 14, the impact mechanism 300 is at least partially covered by the impact housing 35, and the output position sensor 305 is positioned in front of the impact mechanism 300 of the power tool 10 and the gearbox 77 (eg, at the output unit of the power tool 10) On the side, not on the motor side). More specifically, the output position sensor 305 is positioned between the engagement structure 385 and the impact housing 35 and within the impact housing 35. As shown in FIG. 14, the output position sensor 305 is positioned adjacent the engagement structure 385.

Figure 15 is a front elevational view of the impact mechanism 300 with the hammer 375 removed in the direction indicated by arrow A in Figure 14. As shown in further detail in FIG. 15, output position sensor 305 includes three separate inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c. The three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c are tied to a ring structure (i.e., a printed circuit board (PCB)) that is disposed around the anvil 370. The three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, and 305c can be detected by detecting the change of the electromagnetic field, the passage of the two convex portions 390a, 390b of the engaging structure 385 of the anvil 370, and in some cases, the anvil position Sensor or anvil sensor. Since the two convex portions 390a, 390b are static with respect to the anvil 370, the three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c output information about the rotational position of the anvil 370. In the exemplary embodiment, the three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c are equidistant from each other; therefore, each of the three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c by the respective protrusions 390a, 390b The detection indicates that the anvil 370 has been rotated by a predetermined angular distance (eg, 60 degrees). As shown in FIG. 15, the three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, and 305c are elongated sensors, wherein the first ends 380 of the sensors 305a, 305b, and 305c are densely stacked to sense coils, and sense The second opposite end 382 of the detector is less densely packed to sense the coil. In other words, although the first end 380 is densely packed to sense the coil, the second end 382 is sparsely stacked to sense the coil. Therefore, each of the inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c outputs a different signal to the controller 135 based on where the convex portions 390a, 390b are located along the longitudinal direction of the inductive sensors 305a, 350b, 305c. . Inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c produce a larger output signal when one of the projections 390a, 390b is positioned closer to the first end 380 of the sensors 305a, 305b, 305c. On the other hand, when one of the projections 390a, 390b is positioned closer to the second end 382 of the sensors 305a, 305b, 305c, the sensors 305a, 305b, 305c output a smaller output signal. When most of the position metrics of the anvil 370 are analyzed over time, other metrics (eg, velocity, acceleration, etc.) regarding the anvil 370 can be derived. Accordingly, output position sensor 305 provides information that controller 135 of power tool 10 uses to directly determine the position, velocity, and/or acceleration of anvil 370. In several embodiments, the output position sensor 305 can be used to provide an indirect measure of rotor position and/or movement.

Although FIGS. 14-15 illustrate different configurations of the output position sensor 305, the operation of the power tool 10 as described by FIGS. 3-12 remains similar. The special output position sensor 305 replaces the output position sensor 130 described with respect to Figures 3-12. Both output position sensors 130 and 305 provide information to directly determine the position and/or movement of the anvils 70, 370. Thus, the methods described with respect to Figures 4-12 remain similar, but information regarding the position of the anvils 70, 370 is collected from the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15, rather than the output position sense shown in Figure 2. Detector 130.

FIG. 16 illustrates another embodiment of an output position sensor 405 (or sensor assembly) that is included in the impact wrench 10. Similar to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15 (e.g., in front of the gearbox 77 and on the annular structure surrounding the anvil, and covered by the impact housing 35), the output position sensor 405 is Positioned relative to the impact mechanism 300. In other words, the output position sensor 405 of FIG. 16 replaces the output position sensor 305 inside the impact mechanism 300. Therefore, the layout of the impact mechanism 300 and the output position sensor 405 is not shown. In addition, a description of the components of the impact mechanism 300 and the layout of the output position sensor 405 relative to the impact mechanism 300 are omitted for simplicity.

As shown in FIG. 16, output position sensor 405 includes four separate inductive sensors 405a, 405b, 405c, and 405d. Three of the inductive sensors 405a, 405b, 405c are positioned on an annular structure surrounding the periphery of the anvil 370. The three inductive sensors 405a, 405b, and 405c are collectively referred to as a "circumferential sensor", an "anvil sensor", or an "anvil position sensor". Similar to the three inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c described with respect to FIG. 15, the three circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c of FIG. 16 detect the two convex portions 390a, 390b of the joint structure 385 of the anvil 370. by. As explained above, the two convex portions 390a, 390b are static with respect to the anvil 370 by detecting changes in the respective electromagnetic fields of the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c, three circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, The 405c outputs output information about the position of the anvil 370. In the exemplary embodiment, the three circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c are equidistant from each other; therefore, by the three circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c of the respective two convex portions 390a, 390b Each of them detects that the anvil 370 has been rotated by a predetermined angular distance (eg, 60 degrees). Similar to the inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c depicted in Figures 14-15, when most of the positional metrics of the anvil 370 are analyzed over time, other metrics relating to the anvil 370 can be derived (e.g. , speed, acceleration, etc.). Thus, in a similar manner to the inductive sensors 305a, 305b, 305c depicted in Figures 14-15, the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c provide information that the controller 135 of the power tool 10 can use to directly The position, speed, and/or acceleration of the anvil 370 is determined. In several embodiments, the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c may be used to provide an indirect measure of rotor position and/or movement.

As shown in Figure 16, the output position sensor 405 also includes a fourth inductive sensor called a hammer detector 405d. The hammer detector 405d is positioned to face the exterior of the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c. In the exemplary embodiment, hammer detector 405d is positioned between second circumferential sensor 405b and third circumferential sensor 405c, but in other embodiments, hammer detector 405d can be positioned along the output. The location sensor 405 is located around it. Hammer detector 405d detects hammer 375 adjacent output position sensor 405, and more generally adjacent anvil 370. Since the three circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c are inductive, when a metal hammer such as the hammer 375 of the power tool 10 strikes the anvil 370 (or otherwise approaches the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c), The outputs of the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c become unreliable. In other words, when the metal hammer 375 is adjacent to the anvil 370 and proximate to the output position sensor 405 (eg, when the hammer 375 impacts the anvil 370), the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c do not accurately measure the two convexities of the anvil 370 The position of the parts 390a, 390b. Therefore, in order to make the positional measure of the anvil 370 reliable, the controller 135 ignores the output from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c when the hammer 375 is within a predetermined distance from the output position sensor 405, and instead, Only the outputs from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c are used when the hammer 375 is relatively farther away from the output position sensor 405.

In one embodiment, the predetermined distance is determined based on the number of wire windings of the inductive hammer detector 405d. The more wire windings included in the hammer detector 405d, the greater the predetermined distance. When the hammer 375 comes closer to the output position sensor 405 than the predetermined distance, the output from the hammer detector 405d changes (e.g., significantly increases). Hammer detector 405d sends its output to controller 135 and controller 135 determines when hammer 375 is within the predetermined distance based on the output from hammer detector 405d (eg, exceeding a threshold). In some embodiments, the output position sensor 405 (or sensor assembly) can include a hammer detector 405d, but does not include an anvil sensor 405a, 405b, 405c such that the hammer detector 405d is a total sensor to make.

17 illustrates a method 420 performed by controller 135 that utilizes information collected by hammer detector 405d to determine which metric values from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c are to be discarded and which metric values are to be used for decision. Location information on the anvil 370. First, controller 135 receives outputs from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c (step 430) and from hammer detector 405d (step 435). Controller 135 then determines if the output from hammer detector 405d is greater than (e.g., exceeds) a predetermined proximity threshold (step 440). The predetermined proximity threshold corresponds to a predetermined distance between the hammer 375 and the output position sensor 405; within this predetermined distance the hammer 375 adversely affects the accuracy of the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c. When the output from the hammer detector 405d is less than or equal to the predetermined proximity threshold, the controller 135 determines that the hammer 375 falls within a predetermined distance (eg, the impact anvil 370), and from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, The output of 405c is unreliable (step 445). Thus, when the hammer 375 is within a predetermined distance, the controller 135 ignores the output from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c (step 450).

On the other hand, when the output from the hammer detector 405d is greater than the predetermined proximity threshold, the controller 135 determines in step 455 that the hammer 375 is outside of the predetermined distance (eg, rebounding after the impact anvil 370). Controller 135 then starts a bounce timer (step 460). As the value of the bounce timer increases (eg, over time), controller 135 continues to collect the output from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c (step 465). The controller 135 periodically checks the timer value and determines if the timer value is greater than (e.g., exceeded) a time threshold (step 470). The time threshold corresponds to a time estimate for which the hammer 375 is sufficiently separated from the output position sensor 405 to negatively impact the accuracy of the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c.

During the timer value remaining below the time threshold, controller 135 continues to collect the outputs from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c (step 465). However, when the timer value becomes greater than the time threshold, the controller 135 determines the position information of the anvil 370 based on the output received from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c when the timer is maintained below the time threshold (steps) 475). In one embodiment, the controller 135 first seeks to obtain an average of the plurality of metric values from the circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c, and then uses the average metric value (eg, the average output position) to determine the position of the anvil 370. . By averaging the metric values from sensors 405a, 405b, 405c, some of the noise in the output signal is reduced and a more reliable metric is obtained. Once the timer value reaches the time threshold, controller 135 returns to step 430 to receive additional output from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c and from hammer detector 405d (step 435) to determine if hammer 375 falls within a predetermined distance. Within.

In several embodiments, controller 135 does not decide when to stop receiving an output from the peripheral sensor based on the timer. Instead, controller 135 collects (eg, receives) a predetermined number of sensor output signals. For example, controller 135 may collect 10 or 50 (or other predetermined) number of output signals, particularly from circumferential sensors 405a, 405b, 405c, prior to determining the anvil position in step 475.

As explained above with respect to output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15, once controller 135 determines the position of anvil 370 using output position sensor 405 shown in Figure 16, the power as described by Figures 3-12 The operation of tool 10 remains similar. More specifically, the output position sensor 405 replaces the output position sensor 130 described with respect to Figures 3-12. Output position sensors 130, 305, and 405 all provide a direct measure of the position and/or movement of the anvils 70, 370. Thus, the methods described with respect to Figures 4-12 remain similar, but information regarding the position of the anvils 70, 370 is collected from the output position sensor 405 shown in Figure 16, rather than the output position sensor shown in Figure 2. 130 or output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15.

18-20 illustrate another embodiment of a hammer detector 500 (eg, a sensor assembly) that uses two different inductive sensors to determine when a hammer 375 impacts an anvil 370. The hammer detector 500 is positioned similar to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 13 and 14 with respect to the impact mechanism 300. As shown in Figures 18 and 19, the hammer detector 500 of Figure 18 is positioned in front of the impact mechanism 300 (e.g., on one side of the output unit, rather than on one side of the motor of the power tool 10) and in power. The front of the gearbox 77 of the tool 10. More specifically, the hammer detector 500 is positioned between the engagement structure 385 and the impact housing 35 (FIG. 14) and within the impact housing 35. The hammer detector 500 is positioned on an annular structure (eg, PCB 115 in FIG. 20) that surrounds the anvil 370. In addition, a description of the components of the strike mechanism 300 is simplified for simplicity.

As shown in FIG. 20, hammer detector 500 includes a sensing inductive coil 505, a reference inductive coil 510, and a voltage divider network positioned on a doughnut shaped (eg, annular) printed circuit board (PCB) 515. Road 512. The sense inductive coil 505 is positioned radially outward while the reference inductive coil 510 is positioned radially inward. In other words, the reference inductive coil 510 is positioned closer to the center axis 520 of the anvil 370 than the inductive inductive coil 505. This position allows the sensing inductive coil 505 to align with the outer lip 525 of the hammer 375 while the reference inductive coil 510 maintains the outer lip 525 of the misaligned hammer 375. Since the inductive coil 505 is sensed to align with the outer lip 525, the output of the inductive coil 505 is sensed as the outer lip 525 approaches the hammer detector 500 axially. In other words, the output of the inductive coil 505 is sensed as the hammer 375 approaches the hammer detector 500 axially and impacts the anvil 370. On the other hand, the reference inductive coil 510 does not detect the approach of the hammer 375 because the reference inductive coil 510 is not aligned with the outer lip 525, and the remainder of the hammer 375 is too far away from the hammer detector 500 to affect the reference inductive coil 510. Output is therefore. Thus, the reference inductive coil 510 outputs an unaltered output signal independent of the position of the hammer 375, and the output from the sense inductive coil 505 changes based on how the hammer 375 approaches the hammer detector 500. In several embodiments, the reference inductive coil 510, although not aligned with the outer lip 525, still detects the proximity of the hammer 375 to some extent. However, in these embodiments, the change in the output signal from the reference inductive coil 510 as the hammer 375 approaches is significantly different from the change in the output signal from the sense inductive coil 505 (ie, less than). Because the radial position of the two coils on the PCB 515 is different. In the exemplary embodiment, outer lip 525 extends the entire perimeter of hammer 375. However, in other embodiments, the outer lip 525 can extend intermittently only along the perimeter of the hammer 375.

Hammer detector 500 then compares the output from sense inductive coil 505 with the output from reference inductive coil 510. When the difference between the output from the sense inductive coil 505 and the output from the reference inductive coil 510 is greater than a threshold, the hammer detector 500 outputs a first output signal indicating that the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370. Conversely, when the difference between the output from the sense inductive coil 505 and the output from the reference inductive coil 510 is less than the threshold, the hammer detector 500 outputs a second output signal indicating that the hammer 375 does not strike the anvil 370. The reference inductive coil 510 is coupled to the voltage divider network 512, and the reference inductive coil 510, together with the voltage divider network 512, provides a threshold to the sense inductive coil 505, which then allows for the from the hammer detector 500. The output signal is binary. For example, the hammer detector 500 can output a high signal when the hammer 375 hits and a low signal when the hammer 375 does not hit, or vice versa. Since the hammer detector 500 produces a binary output, the processing by the controller 135 is reduced. For example, controller 135 does not receive an analog output signal from sense inductive coil 505 and reference inductive coil 510, and performs an operation to determine if an impact has occurred. Instead, the hammer detector 500 of Figures 18-20 simply outputs a signal indicating whether the hammer 375 hits the anvil 370. In several embodiments, controller 135 can refer to controller 135 that controls power tool 10, such as motor 15, and voltage divider network 512 assists in determining when hammer 375 strikes anvil 370.

21-22 illustrate another embodiment of a hammer detector 600 (eg, a sensor assembly). 21A illustrates a cross-sectional view of a power tool 10 including a hammer detector 600. FIG. 21B illustrates a separate side view of the impact mechanism 300 including the hammer detector 600. The hammer detector 600 is positioned radially outward of the outer periphery of the hammer 375 on the peripheral side of the hammer 375, as shown in Figures 21A-B. The hammer detector 600 is positioned in front of the gearbox 77 of the power tool 10 (eg, closer to the output unit 40) and inside the impact shell 35. More specifically, as shown in FIGS. 21C-D, the hammer detector 600 is mounted to the impact housing 35 and to the gearbox 78. The hammer detector 600 is aligned with the impact shell 35 to cover the hammer 375 and the portion 605 of the hammer detector 600 (Fig. 22). Portion 605 of impact housing 35 includes a recess 610 (Fig. 22) in which hammer detector 600 is received such that hammer detector 600 forms a flush (or nearly flush) surface with impact shell 35. Gearbox 78 includes a slot 604. As shown in FIG. 21D, the hammer detector 600 is embedded inside the recess 610 and the slot 604 such that the hammer detector 600 does not interfere with the movement of the hammer 375.

21A-D illustrate a hammer detector 600 that is integrated into the impact shell 35 of the power tool 10 and that is located radially outward of the hammer 375. Hammer detector 600 includes a sense inductive sensor 615 and a reference inductive sensor 620, and a voltage divider network (not shown). The sensing inductive sensor 615 is positioned forward of the impact mechanism 300 such that when the hammer 375 moves backwards in its rebound motion (ie, to the left in FIGS. 21A-D), the hammer 375 moves into the sensed inductive sense. The output from the sense inductive sensor 615 is varied within the sensing range of the detector 615. On the other hand, the reference inductive sensor 620 is positioned toward the back side of the impact mechanism 300 such that even when the hammer 375 bounces, the hammer 375 is still too far away from the reference inductive sensor 620 (eg, too far away) to affect its output. At least, the effect on the reference inductive coil 620 is significantly less than the effect of the sense inductive coil 615.

As previously described with respect to hammer detector 500, hammer detector 600 of Figures 21 and 22 also produces a binary output signal that indicates that hammer 375 strikes anvil 370 in a first state and that hammer 375 does not strike anvil 370 in a second state. The voltage divider network and the relatively unaltered output from the reference inductive sensor 620 provide a threshold value for the sense inductive sensor 615, as previously described with respect to Figures 18-20. As noted, in several embodiments, controller 135 refers to, for example, controller 135 that controls motor 15 and a voltage divider network that assists in determining when hammer 375 strikes anvil 370. The operation of the hammer detector 600 is similar to that described with respect to the hammer detector 500 of Figures 18-20, so details regarding the operation and output of the hammer detector 600 are no longer provided for the sake of simplicity.

FIG. 23 illustrates another embodiment of a hammer detector 640 (eg, a sensor assembly). Similar to the hammer detector 600, the hammer detector 640 is positioned radially outward from the outer periphery of the hammer 375 and in front of the gearbox 77 and inside the impact shell 35. Similar to the hammer detector 600 of Figures 21-22, the hammer detector 640 of Figure 23 is aligned with the impact housing 35 to cover the portion 605 of the hammer 375 and hammer detector 640. In other words, the hammer detector 640 can replace the hammer detector 600 of Figures 21-22. However, the hammer detector 640 includes an inductive sensor 645 instead of the two inductive sensors included in the hammer detector 600 of Figures 21-22. In other words, the hammer detector 640 does not include a reference inductive coil such as a sense inductive sensor 615. In the exemplary embodiment, inductive sensor 645 of hammer detector 640 includes a circular inductive sensor 645 that produces an output based on the distance between inductive sensor 645 and hammer 375. Since the hammer 375 swings away from the anvil 370 and the impact anvil 370, the inductive sensor 645 produces a sinusoidal waveform output in which the peak (i.e., the maximum or minimum value of the wave) indicates that the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370. The sinusoidal waveform output is received by controller 135. Controller 135 then implements a peak detector to determine when or if hammer 375 strikes anvil 370. As previously described with respect to hammer detectors 500 and 600, controller 135 can be referred to as circuitry and software embodied on a circuit board that implements motor control and is included in hammer detector 640 (eg, inductive sensor 645 installation) Both the circuit and the software on the circuit board on it. In embodiments in which a portion of the processing system is positioned on the hammer detector 640, the hammer detector 640 can generate a binary output signal that indicates whether the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370 or not. The hammer detector 640 produces a high output signal indicating that the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370 and produces a low output signal indicating that the hammer 375 does not strike the anvil 370.

In other embodiments, the inductive sensor 645 of the hammer detector 640 includes a long inductive sensor, wherein the first end includes an inductive comparison on a second opposite end of the elongated inductive sensor Inductive coil with densely packed coils. In other words, the elongated inductive sensor includes an inductive coil that is non-uniformly distributed along the sensor 645. Such a long inductive sensor produces an analog signal rather than a binary output signal produced by a circular inductive sensor. For example, a long inductive sensor can generate a sawtooth waveform as its output signal, in which a rising wave can indicate an approaching hammer 375, and a reduction in the sawtooth waveform to zero can indicate that the hammer 375 bounces away from the anvil 370. Regardless of whether the hammer detector 640 of FIG. 23 includes a circular inductive sensor or a long inductive sensor independently, the hammer detector 640 operates similarly to the hammer detector 600 and hammer of FIGS. 18-20. The description of the detector 500, therefore, does not provide details regarding the operation and output of the hammer detector 640 for the sake of simplicity.

FIG. 24 illustrates another embodiment of a hammer detector 660 (eg, a sensor assembly). Similar to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 13 and 14, and the hammer detector 500 of Figures 18-20, the hammer detector 660 is positioned relative to the impact mechanism 300. In other words, the hammer detector 660 is tied to an annular structure 675 (eg, a looped PCB) positioned around the periphery of the anvil 370. As shown in FIG. 24, the hammer detector 660 is positioned in front of the impact mechanism 300 (eg, on one side of the output unit, rather than on one side of the motor of the power tool 10). More specifically, the hammer detector 660 is positioned between the engagement structure 385 and the impact housing 35 (Fig. 14) and is covered by the impact housing 35. In addition, a description of the components of the strike mechanism 300 is simplified.

As shown in FIG. 24, the hammer detector 660 includes an inductive coil 665 in place of the sensing coil and the reference inductive coil. Although so, the hammer detector 660 is positioned on a doughnut shaped (eg, looped) printed circuit board (PCB) 675. The output of the inductive coil 665 is sensed as the hammer 375 approaches the hammer detector 660 axially to strike the anvil 370. When the hammer 375 is closer to the anvil 370 than the predetermined distance (eg, does not strike the anvil 370), the inductive coil 665 does not produce an output signal or produces a low output signal. Thus, the output from the sense inductive coil 665 changes based on how the hammer 375 approaches the hammer detector 660. The operation of hammer detector 660 is similar to that described with respect to hammer detector 500 of Figures 18-20, so details regarding the operation and output of hammer detector 660 are no longer provided for simplification.

While hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, and 660 have been described in connection with an anvil position sensor as part of an output position sensor (or sensor assembly), in several embodiments, a hammer detector 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 are included in the output position sensor (eg, in the sensor assembly) and do not include any anvil position sensors. Accordingly, in some embodiments, the sensor assembly or output position sensor can include only one of the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 and the sensor can be omitted to directly measure the anvil position.

25-26 illustrate another embodiment of an output position sensor 700. Similar to the output position sensor 305 shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, the output position sensor 700 is positioned relative to the impact mechanism 300. In other words, the output position sensor 700 of FIG. 25 replaces the output position sensor 305 inside the impact mechanism 300. The output position sensor 700 is positioned in front of the gearbox 77 of the power tool 10 and is seated on an annular structure (eg, a ring-shaped PCB) that surrounds the periphery of the anvil 370 and is housed within the impact housing 35. Therefore, the positions of the impact mechanism 300 and the output position sensor 700 are not shown in the drawing. In addition, the components of the impact mechanism 300 and the position of the output position sensor 700 relative to the impact mechanism 300 are deleted for simplicity.

The output position sensor 700 of FIG. 25 includes a first inductive coil 705, a second inductive coil 710, a third inductive coil 715, and a fourth inductive coil 720. When the output position sensor 700 is used, the metal sign 725 is coupled to the anvil 370 to allow the inductive coils 705-720 to distinguish different positions of the anvil 370. FIG. 26 illustrates a schematic diagram of a metal mark 725 overlying the output position sensor 700. The anvil 370 is not shown in Figure 26, but the metal sign 725 is applied (e.g., fixed) to the anvil 370 (e.g., toward the front of the impact mechanism 300) that is closest to the output position sensor side. In other words, the metal sign 725 is positioned between the anvil 370 and the output position sensor 700. As shown in FIG. 26, metal sign 725 is a non-uniform shape metal mark 725 such that each inductive coil 705-720 produces a different output signal based on the rotational position of metal mark 725, which indicates the rotational position of anvil 370. In the exemplary embodiment, metal sign 725 has a half moon shape or a crescent shape. However, in other embodiments, other types of non-uniform shapes may be used for the metal indicia 725. For example, the metal sign 725 can have a gear tooth design. In such embodiments, the relative position of the anvil 370 can be determined to replace the absolute position of the anvil 370. The inductive coils 705-720 are configured to produce an output signal based on which portion of the metal mark 725 is closest (eg, directly above) the inductive coils 705-720.

The first, second, third, and fourth inductive coils 705-720 transmit their corresponding output signals to the controller 135. Controller 135 analyzes the output signals from inductive coils 705-720 and determines the absolute position of anvil 370 based on the output signals. The first, second, third, and fourth inductive coils 705-720 may also be referred to as an anvil sensor or an anvil position sensor. Controller 135 may indicate point A (FIG. 26) as the reference point for metal mark 725 such that when point A is directly above fourth inductive coil 720 (eg, as shown in FIG. 26) controller 135 determines that anvil 370 is Zero position. Controller 135 can then determine the rotational position (eg, angular position) of 370 based on the approximate position of reference point A. Controller 135 can also determine the rotational position of 370 by comparing the output signals from the relatively positioned inductive coils. For example, the controller 135 can compare the output of the first inductive coil 705 with the output of the third inductive coil 715 (eg, an inductive coil positioned opposite the first inductive coil 705), and compare the second inductance The output of the coil 710 and the output of the fourth inductive coil 720. Both of the inductive coils (eg, the first inductive coil 705 and the third inductive coil 715 in FIG. 26) are expected to have nearly equal output signals because the metal indicia 725 above the two inductive coils has Similar shape. The remaining two inductive coils (eg, the second inductive coil 710 and the fourth inductive coil 720 in FIG. 26) are predetermined to have different output signals because the metal indicia 725 is above and above the second inductive coil 710. The fourth inductive coil 720 has a different shape above. For example, referring to FIG. 26, the farther inductive coil 720 can have a higher (eg, near maximum) output than the inductive coils 705, 710, and 715, and the second inductive coil 710 can have a specific inductance. The coils 705, 715, and 720 have a lower (e.g., near minimum) output. The controller 135 determines the absolute position of the anvil 370 based on the mapping of the two near-equal outputs and the nearly opposite outputs from the inductive coils 705-720.

In some embodiments, the controller 135 automatically accesses the memory of the force tool to an inquiry table to determine the absolute position of the anvil 370. The lookup table, for example, indicates the approximate position of the anvil 370 with a corresponding reading of each of the inductive coils 705-720. In other embodiments, controller 135 performs a particular calculation (eg, based on stored equations) that allows controller 135 to determine the rotational position of anvil 370.

As previously described with respect to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15, once the controller 135 uses the output position sensor 700 shown in Figures 25-26, the position of the anvil 370 is determined, as illustrated by Figures 3-12. The operation of the described power tool 10 remains similar. In particular, output position sensor 700 replaces output position sensor 130 as described with respect to Figures 3-12. The anvil position sensors 130, 305, 405, and 700 all provide a direct measure of the position and/or movement of the anvils 70, 370. Hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 provide a direct measure of the position of hammer 375 relative to anvil 370. Thus, the methods described with respect to Figures 4-12 remain similar, but information regarding the position of the anvils 70, 370 is collected from the output position sensor 700 shown in Figure 25, rather than the output position sensor shown in Figure 2. 130 or output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15.

27-28 illustrate another embodiment of an output position sensor 800. Output position sensor 800 includes a magnetic sensor 805 positioned on a doughnut shaped (eg, annular) PCB 810. Similar to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14 and 15, the turn cake PCB 810 is positioned relative to the impact mechanism 300. In other words, the magnetic sensor 805 of FIGS. 27-28 replaces the output position sensor 305 inside the impact mechanism 300. In other words, the output position sensor 800 is positioned in front of the gearbox 77 of the power tool 10 and is seated on an annular structure (eg, the annular PCB 810) that surrounds the periphery of the anvil 370 and is housed within the impact housing 35. Therefore, the positions of the impact mechanism 300 and the magnetic sensor 805 are not shown in the drawing. In addition, the components of the impact mechanism 300 and the position of the magnetic sensor 805 relative to the impact mechanism 300 are deleted for simplicity. Magnetic sensor 805 can include, for example, a Hall effect sensor, a magnetoresistive sensor, or another sensor that is configured to detect a magnetic vector.

The output position sensor 800 also includes a magnetic ring 815 coupled to the anvil 370 and forward of the raised portions 390a, 390b of the anvil 370 (eg, toward the front of the impact mechanism 300). As shown in FIG. 28, the magnetic ring 815 is divided into four quadrants (i.e., the first quadrant 820, the second quadrant 825, the third quadrant 830, and the fourth quadrant 835). Each quadrant 820-835 includes a north pole magnet and a south pole magnet positioned relative to each other. In the exemplary embodiment, first quadrant 820 and third quadrant 830 include north pole magnets positioned inward (eg, radially inward) of the perimeter of the south pole magnet. Thus, first quadrant 820 and third quadrant 830 produce magnetic flux lines oriented toward the center of magnetic ring 815. Conversely, the second quadrant 825 and the fourth quadrant 835 include north pole magnets positioned outwardly (eg, radially outward) about the perimeter of the south pole magnet. Thus, the second quadrant 825 and the fourth quadrant 835 create magnetic flux lines that are oriented away from the center of the magnetic ring 815. However, in other embodiments, the first quadrant and the third quadrant may generate magnetic flux lines that are oriented away from the center of the magnetic ring 815, and the second and fourth quadrants may produce magnetic flux lines that are oriented toward the center of the magnetic ring 815.

Magnetic sensor 805 detects the magnetic vector based on the position of magnetic sensor 805 relative to magnetic ring 815. The magnetic sensor 805 then generates an output signal indicative of one of the sensed magnetic vectors to the controller 135. The controller 135 determines the rotational position of the anvil 370 based on the sensed magnetic vector from the magnetic sensor 805. Magnetic sensor 805 and magnetic ring 815 can be referred to as an anvil sensor or an anvil position sensor. While the output position sensor 800 is depicted as including a magnetic ring 815, in several embodiments, the magnetic ring 815 can be replaced by a support ring on which a plurality of magnets are mounted, which also produces flux lines having opposite polarities. In these embodiments, the magnetic sensor 805 still detects different magnetic vectors based on the position of the magnetic sensor 805 relative to the majority of the magnets. Moreover, in several embodiments, the magnetic ring 815 includes more than four quadrants, or other configurations to create different magnetic fields at different peripheral locations.

As explained above with respect to the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15, once the controller 135 uses the output position sensor 800 shown in Figure 27, the position of the anvil 370 is determined, as illustrated by Figures 3-12. The operation of tool 10 remains similar. In particular, output position sensor 800 replaces output position sensor 130 as described with respect to Figures 3-12. The output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, and 800 all provide a direct measure of the position and/or movement of the anvils 70, 370. Thus, as described with respect to Figures 4-12, information regarding the position of the anvil 70, 370 is collected from the output position sensor 800 shown in Figure 27, rather than the output position sensor 130 shown in Figure 2. Or the output position sensor 305 shown in Figures 14-15.

Notably, any of the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, or 660 as described with respect to Figures 16, 18, 21, 23, and 24, respectively, may be incorporated as shown in Figures 2, 15 respectively. Output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, or 800 as described in 25, and 27. The hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 can be incorporated into the power tool 10 without including an anvil position sensor that is part of the output position sensor 130, 305, 405, 700, or 800 or Separate from it. Moreover, some of the foregoing methods may be performed by hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, or 660 without outputting position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800. For example, the method of FIG. 4 can be implemented using one of hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, or 660 without an anvil position sensor. In such embodiments, controller 135 may not need to determine if the change in the anvil position is greater than a position threshold (step 155). Instead, since the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 detect when an impact occurs, the impact counter can be incremented based on the output from one of the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660 without having to compare the outputs Signal and a position threshold. In addition, it should be noted that although the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, or 800 appear to be described as a single sensor, such output position sensors may alternatively be considered to include one or more sensors. Sensor assembly. Similarly, hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660, whether coupled to an anvil position sensor or independently disposed, can also be considered a sensor assembly that includes one or more sensors. In other words, the sensor assembly can be included in the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, and 800, the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, 640, 660, or the anvil position sensor and the hammer detector. The anvil position sensor described in combination is combined. The anvil position sensors included in the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, and 800 detect the position of the anvil 370 independently of the position of the motor 15 as detected by the Hall sensor 125. In other words, the anvil position sensor directly detects the anvil position that is separate from the detection of the motor position.

29 is a flow chart illustrating a method 900 of operating a power tool 10 in accordance with a shutdown time mode. Controller 135 can implement method 900 using any of output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800, hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600, or a combination thereof. The graphical user interface (e.g., similar to that shown in Figure 10) can receive the target time after the first impact from the user. During the shutdown time mode, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 905). Controller 135 then determines when the first impact occurs based on the output signals of output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800 and/or hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600 (step 910). In response to detecting the first impact, the controller 135 initiates a timer (step 915). The value of the timer can be determined, for example, based on a user input indicating how long the power tool 10 will continue to operate (eg, drive the motor 15) after the first impact. For applications where the work piece or fastener is relatively fragile, the timer can have a small value to prevent the tool from damaging the work piece or fastener. Controller 135 then determines if the timer has expired (step 920). When the controller 135 determines that the timer has not expired, the controller 135 continues the operation of the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 925). On the other hand, when the controller 135 determines that the timer has expired, the controller 135 changes the motor operation (step 930) as previously discussed, for example, with respect to step 170 of FIG. Controller 135 then also resets the timer (step 935).

30 is a flow chart illustrating a method 1000 of operating a power tool 10 in accordance with a minimum angle mode. The controller 135 can use any of the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800, or other output position sensors capable of generating an output signal indicative of the angular displacement of the anvil 370 after each impact transmission. Method 1000 is implemented in one. Controller 135 also implements method 1000 using hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600 to assist in determining when each impact occurs. During the minimum angle mode, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 1005). Then, the controller 135 determines the rotation angle of each impact for the power tool (step 1015).

In one embodiment, the angle of rotation of each impact refers to the rotational displacement of each impact anvil. In these embodiments, the controller 135 can use, for example, the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800 to determine the first rotational position of the impact anvil 370, and determine the second rotational position of the anvil 370 after impact. And then the controller 135 can determine the difference between the first rotational position and the second rotational position to determine the rotational displacement of the anvil 370. In other embodiments, the angle of rotation of each impact refers to the angle of rotation of each impact motor 15. In such embodiments, controller 135 may, for example, use a motor position sensor (eg, Hall effect sensor 125) that is in proximity to motor 15 to determine the angular displacement of each inter-impact motor 15. The controller 135, for example, can detect the first impact and then track the rotational displacement of the motor 15 until the second impact is detected (eg, using the hammer detectors 405d, 500, 600).

The controller 135 then determines if the angle of rotation of each impact is below a predetermined threshold (step 1020). When the controller 135 determines that the angle of rotation of each impact is above the predetermined threshold, the controller 135 continues to drive the motor 15 in the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 1005). On the other hand, when the controller 135 determines that the angle of rotation of each impact is below the predetermined threshold, the controller 135 changes the motor operation as discussed (step 1025), as discussed above with respect to step 170 of FIG. For example, the controller 135 turns off the motor 15. After the predetermined torque is reached, the minimum angle mode allows the motor 15 to become inactive. In general, as the torque increases, the angular displacement of the motor 15 and/or the anvil 370 decreases with impact. Therefore, changing the motor operation according to the rotation angle of each impact provides an indirect mode of the torque-based control motor 15 based on the transmission.

31 is a flow chart illustrating a method 1100 of operating a power tool 10 in accordance with a fallback control mode. The fallback control mode is set to detect when a fastener (eg, a bolt) has been damaged by the fall of the fastener, which can be used to decide to stop driving the work piece and also to prevent damage to the work piece. When the fastener is not damaged by the fall, generally, the angle of rotation of each impact decreases as the torque is increased during the driving of the fastener. However, when the fastener has been damaged by the fall, the angle of rotation of each impact stops decreasing (and the torque stops increasing) because the damaged fastener produces less resistance to the power tool. In other words, the angle of rotation and the torsion of each impact can be maintained.

During the fallback control mode, the controller 135 drives the motor 15 based on the selected mode and the detected trigger pull (step 1105). The controller 135 then determines that an impact has occurred (step 1110). Controller 135 may determine an impact as previously described with respect to step 150 of FIG. 4; based on a change in acceleration or speed of motor 15 (eg, based on output from Hall sensor 125); based on from hammer detector 405d, An output of one of 500, 600, 640, or 660; or based on a change in acceleration or speed of the anvil 70 (eg, for use in the output position sensors 130, 305, 405, 700, 800 described herein) One). When an impact is detected, the controller 135 starts a timer (step 1115). Controller 135 then determines when the timer has expired (step 1120). When the controller 135 determines that the timer has not expired, the controller 135 continues to operate the power tool 10 in accordance with the selected mode and the detected trigger pull.

When the controller 135 determines that the timer has expired, the controller 135 determines the angle of rotation of each impact (step 1125). Controller 135 can determine the angle of rotation for each impact as previously described with respect to step 1015 of FIG. The controller 135 then determines if the angle of rotation of each impact is above a drop threshold (step 1130). The timer and the fallout threshold can be used, for example, based on experimental values of fastener type, work piece type, or a combination thereof. When the controller 135 determines that the rotation angle of each impact is higher than the fall threshold, the controller 135 stops the operation of the motor 15 (step 1135). After the timer has expired, when the angle of rotation of each impact is above the threshold of the fall, the controller 135 infers that the fastener has been lowered because it is not expected in the post-time period of the fastener-driven timer. The level provides resistance. When the angle of rotation of each impact is below the drop threshold, controller 135 returns to step 1125 to determine the angle of rotation of the next impact. Steps 125 and 130 are repeated, for example, until the user releases the trigger to stop the motor 15, determines that the fastener has been lowered, or uses other motor control techniques (e.g., determines that the motor 15 has been stopped after a predetermined number of impacts have occurred).

In several embodiments, the controller 135 determines that the fastener is damaged by measuring the torque output (eg, through a torque sensor). In such embodiments, after the timer has expired (step 1120), controller 135 measures the torque output. When the torque output is below a torque drop threshold, the controller 135 infers that the fastener has been lowered (eg, because the torque is no longer increasing). On the other hand, when the torque output is higher than the torque drop threshold, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 and periodically measures the torque during the impact.

32 is a flow chart illustrating a method 1200 of operating the power tool 10 in accordance with a closed loop speed control mode. In the closed loop speed control mode, the controller 135 maintains the rotational speed of the motor 15 at a desired value such that the hammer 375 impacts the anvil 370 at a desired speed. By controlling the speed of the motor, the anvil 370 can deliver a repeatable torque level to the fastener. During the closed loop speed control, the controller 135 receives the torque level specified by the user (step 1205). Similar to that shown in Figure 10, controller 135 can receive torque levels via a graphical user interface. For example, controller 135 can receive an indication of a desired 920 pounds (ft. lb). Controller 135 then determines the corresponding motor speed for the desired torque (step 1210). In other words, to deliver the desired torque, the hammer 375 is driven by the motor 15 to strike the anvil 370 at a particular speed. For example, controller 135 uses a look-up table based on experimental values to determine that hammer 375 is driven to strike anvil 370 to output the desired speed of the desired torque.

The controller 135 then operates the motor 15 at a desired speed in the closed circuit system (step 1215). In several embodiments, controller 135 implements a PID loop to maintain motor 15 at a desired speed. The controller 135 uses the Hall effect sensor 125 to periodically measure the speed of the motor 15. In other embodiments, other methods of implementing a closed circuit system can be used. During closed circuit control of motor speed, controller 135 makes the necessary adjustments to compensate for, for example, reduced battery voltage, reduced grease content, and the like. Controller 135 can operate in a closed loop speed control mode as part of other modes described for the power tool. For example, when operating at closed loop speed control, controller 135 can control motor 15 such that, for example, as depicted in FIG. 4, a particular number of impacts is transmitted to anvil 370. In another example, when operating in the closed loop speed control mode, the controller 135 can control the motor 15 such that, for example, as depicted in Figure 9, the total angle after the first impact is desired.

In other embodiments, controller 135 may instead receive the desired motor speed (e.g., similar to the graphical user interface shown in Figure 8). In such embodiments, controller 135 does not determine the motor speed corresponding to the desired torque, but instead operates the motor 15 at the desired speed in the closed circuit control mode.

33 illustrates a method 1300 of operating a power tool 10 in accordance with a torque control mode in which a user indicates a torque level and the controller 135 operates the motor 15 at a constant speed such that the anvil 370 outputs a consistent torque. Figures 34-35 illustrate a graphical user interface 1350 generated by external device 147 through which parameters can be enabled and specified for the torque control mode. The interface 1350 of Figures 34-35 includes a maximum speed selector 1355, a bolt removal selector 1360, and a torque mode selector 1365. In the exemplary embodiment, maximum speed selector 1355 includes slider 1370 and label 1375 indicating a number corresponding to the position of slider 1370. The external device 147 receives via the maximum speed selector 1355 a selection from the user's desired maximum speed for tool operation. The torque mode selector 1365 includes a switch that activates or deactivates the torque control mode. The external device 147 determines whether the torque control mode is enabled based on the position of the switch of the torque mode selector 1365. Bolt removal selector 1360 also includes a switch that activates or deactivates the bolt removal mode, as will be further explained with reference to FIG.

Figure 35 illustrates a graphical user interface 1350 when both the bolt removal mode and the torque control mode are enabled. As shown in FIG. 35, the graphical user interface 1350 also includes a removal speed selector 1380 when the bolt removal mode is enabled. Similarly, the graphical user interface 1350 also includes a torque level selector 1385 when the torque control mode is enabled. The selected torque level may, for example, indicate the predetermined number of impacts transmitted to the anvil 370. In other embodiments, the desired torque level may be indicative of the total applied torque of the workpiece (eg, 92 pounds). After the external device 147 receives the user's selection through the graphical user interface 1350, the external device 147 transmits a mode profile to the power tool 10. As described above, the power tool 10 receives the mode profile and stores the mode profile in the memory of the power tool 10 (eg, the memory of the controller 135 and/or the separate memory). The power tool 10 (eg, the controller 135) then receives a selection of an operating mode for the power tool 10 (eg, via the mode select button 45), accesses a stored mode profile corresponding to the selected mode, and according to the selected operation The mode operates the power tool 10.

As shown in the flow chart of FIG. 33, the controller 135 receives the selected torque control mode for operation of the power tool 10 (step 1305). Selection can be received at the controller via, for example, mode select button 45. Controller 135 can then access the maximum speed (step 1310) and access the desired torque level associated with the torque control mode (step 1315). As previously mentioned, the desired torque level may indicate the number of specific impacts to be transmitted by the anvil 370, or may indicate the desired force to be imparted by the anvil 370. The controller 135 then advances the operating motor 15 in accordance with the depression of the trigger 55 (step 1320) such that the selected maximum speed of the power tool 10 is achieved when the trigger 55 is fully depressed (eg, the motor 15 is controlled via a variable boundary PWM signal) . During operation of the motor 15, the controller 135 monitors whether the impacting of the anvil 370 has begun (step 1325). As previously described, the controller 135 can use different methods to detect when the hammer 375 begins to strike the anvil 370. For example, the controller 135 can monitor the motor current and detect changes in motor current as the hammer 375 begins to strike the anvil 370. Additionally or alternatively, the controller 135 can monitor the output signal from the aforementioned output position sensor to determine if the anvil 370 has begun to be struck.

When the controller 135 determines that the impact has not started, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 based on the depression of the trigger 55 and the selected maximum speed. Otherwise, when the controller 135 determines that the impact of the anvil 370 has begun, the controller 135 stops operating the motor 15 in accordance with the pressing of the trigger 55 and instead operates the operating motor 15 in accordance with the adaptive pulse width modulation (PWM) speed (step 1330). The controller 135 continues to control the operation of the motor 15 based on the adaptive PWM speed and monitors whether the desired torque level has been achieved (step 1335). For an embodiment in which the desired torque level indicates the desired number of impacts to the anvil 370, the controller 135 monitors the output signal from the output position sensor and/or the aforementioned hammer detector to determine when the number of impacts transmitted to the anvil 370 is equal to The number of impacts expected. In other embodiments, for example, when the applied total transmitted torque is selected to the desired torque level, the controller 135 can monitor, for example, the time during which the impact is transmitted to the anvil 370 as a measure of the total applied torque, and/or can be monitored A specific torsion sensor located at the nose of the power tool 10. When the controller 135 determines that the desired torque level has not been reached, the controller 135 continues to operate the motor 15 in accordance with the adaptive PWM speed control (step 1330). On the other hand, when the controller 135 determines that the desired torque level is reached, the controller proceeds to change the operation of the motor 15 (step 1340). For example, the controller 135 can change the direction in which the power tool 10 is driven, can stop the operation of the motor 15, and/or can change the speed of the motor 15.

FIG. 36 illustrates a method 1400 for operating the power tool 10 in accordance with an adaptive PWM speed control mode. In the adaptive PWM speed control mode, controller 135 maintains the rotational speed of motor 15 at a desired value such that hammer 375 strikes anvil 370 at a constant desired speed. By controlling the speed of the motor, the anvil 370 can deliver a repeatable torque level to the fastener. During the adaptive PWM speed control mode, controller 135 determines the desired motor speed (step 1405). The desired motor speed may be related to the speed selected by the user (e.g., the maximum speed selected by the user through, for example, graphical user interface 1350). In several embodiments, the desired motor speed may be calculated by controller 135 based on, for example, a desired torque level. The controller 135 determines the desired motor speed to output the desired torque level, for example, using an inquiry table flooded based on experimental values. In still other embodiments, the desired motor speed may be calculated by controller 135 based on an output derived from the user regarding the desired speed. For example, referring to Figures 33-35, controller 135 can calculate a desired speed for adaptive PWM speed control based on a maximum speed selected by the user (e.g., and received by controller 135). In one embodiment, the desired speed corresponds to about 70-75% of the maximum speed selected by the user.

After the controller 135 determines the desired motor speed, the controller 135 measures the battery voltage (eg, the current state of charge of the power source 115 attached to the power tool 10) at step 1410. The controller 135 can use a voltage or current sensor to determine the state of charge of the battery pack attached to the power tool 10. Controller 135 then calculates the PWM duty ratio to drive motor 15 to achieve the desired speed and based on the battery voltage (step 1415). Controller 135 then achieves the desired speed with drive motor 15 at the calculated PWM duty ratio (step 1420). When the controller 135 returns to step 1418 based on the evaluation of step 1335 (refer to FIG. 33), the controller 135 re-measures the battery voltage and calculates a new PWM duty cycle based on the latest measured battery voltage and desired speed. The battery voltage is periodically re-measured and the PWM duty cycle is recalculated to achieve the desired speed, allowing the controller 135 to change the PWM duty cycle such that the desired speed of the motor 15 is reached. For example, to achieve the desired motor speed, the controller 135 may determine the first PWM duty ratio when the battery voltage indicates a fully charged battery, and determine the second higher PWM load when the battery voltage is lower than the fully charged battery. ratio. In other words, as the battery voltage decreases, the controller 135 increases the PWM duty ratio to compensate for the decrease in battery voltage. With this compensation, a similar amount of voltage is supplied to the motor 15 despite the decrease in the state of charge of the battery.

In several embodiments, the calculation of the PWM duty cycle includes determining the ratio of the state of charge of the battery pack to the current state of charge of the battery pack. For example, when the battery voltage drops to about 11.8V, the 12V battery pack can achieve a ratio of 1.02. The battery pack voltage ratio can then be used to accommodate the PWM duty cycle to compensate for the slowdown in battery voltage. For example, a 70% PWM duty ratio is sufficient to deliver the desired speed when the 12V battery pack is fully charged. However, when the battery pack drops to approximately 11.8V, a PWM load ratio of approximately 71.4% (eg, a product of 70% and 1.02) can be used such that the same total motor voltage is delivered and a similar speed is achieved.

Although FIG. 36 has been described in terms of adjusting the determined PWM duty ratio to compensate for battery voltage, controller 135 may additionally or additionally monitor other factors to adjust the PWM duty ratio. For example, the controller 135 can monitor any one of the groups selected from the group consisting of: battery impedance, connector type (eg, similar to the display shown in FIG. 10 by the user through the touch screen), motor temperature (eg, detected by a temperature sensor coupled to controller 135), and motor impedance, and any combination thereof. For example, as one of the additional factors that cause the motor speed to decrease, in response, controller 135 can increase the determined PWM duty ratio to maintain the desired motor speed. Moreover, while the adaptive PWM speed control is described as compensating for a reduction in battery voltage, the controller 135 and/or battery pack can still achieve a low voltage threshold. In other words, when the state of charge of the battery pack is below a low voltage threshold, the controller 135 and/or the battery pack may stop supplying power to the motor 15 to prevent the battery pack from becoming excessively discharged.

The controller 135 can operate in PWM speed control mode as part of other modes described for the power tool, rather than just as part of the torque control mode described with respect to Figures 33-35. For example, when operating at closed loop speed control, controller 135 can control motor 15 such that a particular number of impacts are transmitted to anvil 370, such as described in FIG. In another example, while operating in the PWM speed control mode, the controller 135 can control the motor 15 such that, for example, as depicted in Figure 9, the overall angle after the first impact is desired.

For example, FIG. 37 illustrates another example screenshot of graphical user interface 1500 generated by external device 147 for selecting parameters for a quad-nut control mode. During operation, the square nut control mode is similar to the torque control mode. However, the parameter specifications for the square nut control mode are based on the specific characteristics of the input square nut rather than the maximum speed. As shown in FIG. 37, graphical user interface 1500 includes a flange size selector 1505 and a desired torque selector 1510. The desired torque output may correspond to, for example, a manufacturer's specification for a particular square nut. The external device 147 receives an indication of a particular flange size and desired torque output through the graphical user interface 1500 and determines a corresponding desired speed based on the selected parameters. In some embodiments, the external device 147 accesses a remote server to determine the desired speed of the corresponding illustrated square nut and desired torque output. In some embodiments, the external device 147 emits a square nut control mode that includes the size of the square nut and the desired torque output, and the power tool 10 (ie, the controller 135) determines the desired speed. As shown in FIG. 37, graphical user interface 1500 also includes a torque level selector 1515. The torque level selector 1515 indicates the desired number of impacts to be transmitted to the anvil 370. After the determined desired square rotor nut size and desired torque output are determined, during quadrilateral nut control mode operation, controller 135 controls operating motor 15 based on adaptive PWM speed (eg, starting at step 1320), for example This is described with reference to FIGS. 33 and 36.

FIG. 38 illustrates a method 1600 of operating the power tool 10 in accordance with a differential impact speed mode. The differential impact speed mode allows the power tool 10 to operate the motor 15 at a first speed when the hammer 375 does not strike the anvil 370 and at a second speed when the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370. As shown in FIG. 38, controller 135 first receives (or accesses) a first desired speed (step 1605) and receives (or accesses) a second desired speed (step 1610). The controller 135 can receive the first and second desired speeds from, for example, the external device 147 based on, for example, user input received via the graphical user interface. The controller 135 then monitors the trigger 55 to determine if the trigger 55 is currently depressed (step 1615). When the trigger is not pressed, the operation of the motor 15 is stopped (step 1620), and the controller 135 returns to step 1615 to determine whether the trigger 55 is pressed. When the trigger is pressed, the controller 135 determines whether the hammer 375 hits the anvil 370 (step 1625).

Controller 135 may determine whether an impact has occurred, for example, based on motor current, motor speed, output signal from the output position sensor, and/or hammer detector. When the controller 135 determines that the hammer 375 does not strike the anvil 370, the controller 135 operates the motor in accordance with the first desired speed and the amount of pressing of the trigger 55 (step 1630). On the other hand, when the controller 135 determines that the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370, the controller 135 operates the motor 15 in accordance with the second desired speed and the amount of pressing of the trigger 55 (step 1635). For example, when the trigger 55 is fully depressed, the controller 135 operates the motor 15 at a first desired speed and operates the motor 15 more slowly when the trigger 55 is not fully depressed (eg, at a rate proportional to the trigger press) . As the controller 135 operates the motor 15 in accordance with the first desired speed and the second desired speed, the controller 135 continues to monitor whether the trigger 55 remains pressed in step 1615.

The bolt removal feature referred to earlier in Figures 34 and 35 is an example of a differential impact velocity mode. Typically, during bolt removal, the power tool 10 begins to impact immediately after the removal operation begins. The power tool 10 continues to drive the motor 15 as the bolts are removed and less force is required, but the impact is stopped when the bolts are completely removed. Thus, as with the bolt removal mode shown in Figure 35, the maximum speed corresponds to the second desired speed depicted in Figure 38 and is used to control the motor when the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370 and just begins the bolt removal process. 15. Conversely, the removal speed selected by the user through the graphical interface 1350 corresponds to the first desired speed depicted in FIG. 38 and is used to control the motor 15 when the hammer 375 has stopped striking the anvil 370. During operation of the bolt removal mode, the controller 135 first operates the motor 15 according to the maximum speed until the bolts are loose and the power tool 10 does not need to engage its impact mechanism 300 to remove the bolts. Then, the controller 135 operates the motor 15 according to the removal speed until the bolt is completely removed. When the graphical user interface 1350 of Figure 35 is displayed to the user, the removal speed is internally determined to be approximately 50% of the maximum speed. By setting the removal speed to be slower than the maximum speed, the bolt is prevented from suddenly coming off the surface. Instead, more controlled bolt removal can be performed.

While the aforementioned bolt removal mode operates the motor 15 in the reverse direction, in several embodiments, the differential impact speed mode can also be implemented when the power tool 10 is operating in the forward direction. For example, when the bolt has a particular long thread, the hammer 375 has not yet hit the anvil 370, and a higher speed can be used to begin tightening the bolt (eg, the first desired speed). However, once the bolt begins to penetrate more of the working surface, an impact can be initiated and the controller 135 can reduce the motor speed (eg, to a second desired speed) to produce a higher torque.

The power tool 10 can also be operated in a concrete anchor mode. FIG. 39 illustrates an example graphical user interface 1700 generated by external device 147 for receiving user selections for various parameters of the concrete anchor mode. As shown in FIG. 39, graphical user interface 1700 includes an anchor width selector 1705, an anchor length selector 1710, and an anchor material selector 1715. The combination of anchor type, anchor length, and anchor material can be selected by the user through selectors 1705, 1710, 1715. The graphical user interface 1700 also includes a maximum speed selector 1720 and an end torque level selector 1725. The maximum speed selector 1720 allows the user to specify the desired maximum speed. As previously described with respect to other torque selectors, the torque level selector 1725, for example, may select the desired number of impacts to be transmitted by the hammer 375 before the operation is stopped.

FIG. 40 illustrates a method 1800 for operating the power tool 10 in a concrete anchor mode. First, controller 135 receives the parameters communicated through graphical user interface 1700 (step 1805). In particular, controller 135 receives the selected maximum speed and the desired end torque level. As discussed above, the maximum speed and/or desired end torque level may be based on fastener characteristics as illustrated by controller 135 or external device 147 using anchor width selector 1705, anchor length selector 1710, and anchor material selector 1715. And the type of application is determined. In other embodiments, fastener characteristics and application types are used to determine other parameters for operation of the power tool 10. Then, the controller 135 detects whether the trigger 55 is pressed (step 1810). When the trigger 55 is not depressed, the controller 135 continues to monitor the trigger 55 without actuating the motor 15 (step 1810). When the trigger 55 is pressed, the controller 135 controls the motor 15 based on the maximum speed and the amount of pressing of the trigger 55 (step 1815). For example, when the trigger 55 is fully depressed, the maximum speed is provided to the motor 15. However, when the trigger 55 is only pressed by about 50%, the motor speed is only about 50% of the maximum speed.

The controller 135 then monitors the power tool 10 to determine if an impact has begun (step 1820). As discussed above, the controller 135 can determine when an impact occurs based on, for example, motor current, motor position, and/or anvil position. When the hammer 375 has not yet impacted the anvil 370, the controller 135 continues to monitor whether the impact has begun. On the other hand, when the hammer 375 strikes the anvil 370, the controller 135 switches the motor to operate in accordance with the adaptive PWM speed control operation until the desired torque level is reached (step 1825). Controlling the drive motor 15 at an adaptive PWM speed allows a constant torque output to be transmitted through the anvil 370, even though the battery voltage is reduced. The controller 135 then monitors, for example, the number of impacts from the hammer 375 to determine if the desired end torque level is reached (step 1830). Step 1830 can be similar to, for example, step 1335 of FIG. When the desired torque level is reached, the controller 235 ends the operation of the power tool 10 (step 1835). Otherwise, controller 135 continues to operate motor 15 in accordance with adaptive PWM speed control. Accordingly, using the concrete anchor mode, the user can assemble the power tool 10 to operate based on specific characteristics of the anchor size and/or type.

As discussed above with respect to FIG. 3, controller 135 receives input from motor position sensor 125 and determines when to apply power to motor 15 based, for example, on the position of motor 15. In several embodiments, controller 135 can vary the current conduction or advancement angle based on the position or speed of motor 15. For example, above a certain speed, the controller 135 can change the conduction angle to achieve phase advancement, and below this speed, the controller 135 can return to the previous conduction angle. Controller 135 can also receive an indication of the desired speed through, for example, a graphical user interface generated by external device 147. Moreover, controller 135 controls motor 15 based on the position and/or movement of anvil 370 as previously described, for example, in Figures 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 17, 29-32, 33, 38, and 40. Again, as discussed with respect to FIG. 36, the controller 135 also compensates for the battery voltage and the duty cycle of the control signal to the motor 15 such that the average power delivered to the motor 15 remains the same. Accordingly, one or more of the controllers 135 are operable to control the motor 15 based on the position of the motor 15, the speed of the motor 15, the position and/or movement of the anvil 370, the position and/or movement of the hammer 375, and the battery voltage.

Thus, the present invention proposes a power tool including a controller that controls a motor based on direct measurements of anvil position, hammer position, or a combination thereof.

10‧‧‧Power Tools
15‧‧‧DC (DC) motor
20‧‧‧shell
25‧‧‧Handle
30‧‧‧Motor housing
35‧‧‧ Impact shell
40‧‧‧Output unit
45‧‧‧ mode selection button
50‧‧‧正/reverse selector
55‧‧‧ Trigger
60‧‧‧Battery interface
65‧‧‧Lights
67, 300‧‧‧ impact mechanism
70, 370‧‧ an anvil
75, 375‧‧‧ hammer
77‧‧‧Transmission
78‧‧‧ Gearbox
80‧‧‧ Spring
85, 385‧‧‧ joint structure
90, 390a-b‧‧‧ convex
95‧‧‧ Cover
100‧‧‧ teeth
105‧‧‧ slots
110‧‧‧Simplified block diagram
115‧‧‧Power supply
120‧‧‧ Field Effect Transistor (FET)
125‧‧‧Hall effect sensor, Hall sensor
130, 305, 405, 700, 800‧‧‧ Output position sensor
135‧‧‧ Controller
140‧‧‧User input
145‧‧‧Other components
146‧‧‧ hole, communication circuit
147‧‧‧Sensor block, external device
148‧‧‧ recess
149-295, 430-475, 905-935, 1005-1025, 1105-1135, 1205-1215, 1305-1340, 1405-1420, 1605-1635, 1805-1835‧‧
305a-c, 405a-c, 645‧‧‧ inductive sensors
380‧‧‧ first end
382‧‧‧ second end
405d, 500, 600, 640, 660‧‧ ‧ hammer detector
420, 900, 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1600, 1800 ‧ ‧ methods
505, 615‧‧‧ Sense Inductive Coil
510, 620‧‧‧ reference inductive coil
512‧‧‧voltage divider network
515, 675, 810 ‧ ‧ pie-shaped printed circuit boards (PCB)
520‧‧‧Axis
525‧‧‧ outer lip
604‧‧‧Slots
Section 605‧‧‧
610‧‧‧ recess
665, 705-720‧‧‧Inductive coil
725‧‧‧Metal sign
805‧‧‧Magnetic sensor
815‧‧‧ magnetic ring
820-835‧‧ ‧ quadrant
1350, 1500, 1700‧‧‧ graphical user interface (GUI)
1355, 1720‧‧‧Max speed selector
1360‧‧‧Bolt Removal Selector
1365‧‧‧Torque mode selector
1370‧‧‧ Slider
1375‧‧‧ label
1380‧‧‧Remove speed selector
1385, 1515, 1725‧‧‧ Torque level selector
1505‧‧‧Flange Size Selector
1510‧‧‧Required Torque Selector
1705‧‧‧ anchor width selector
1710‧‧‧ anchor length selector
1715‧‧‧ Anchor Material Selector

Figure 1 illustrates a power tool in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 illustrates a nose of the power tool of Figure 1.

Figure 3 illustrates a block diagram of a power tool.

4 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a hammer counting mode.

Figure 5 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in an advanced hammer count mode.

Figure 6 is a screenshot of an example of a user interface generated by an external device.

Figure 7 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in angular distance mode.

Figure 8 is a screenshot of another example of a user interface generated by an external device.

Figure 9 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a nut rotation mode.

Figure 10 is a screenshot of another example of a user interface generated by an external device.

Figure 11 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a constant energy mode.

Figure 12 is a screenshot of another example of a user interface generated by an external device.

Figure 13 is a line graph showing the change in the rotational position of the anvil over time.

Figure 14 is a side cross-sectional view of an impact mechanism in accordance with a second embodiment.

Figure 15 is a partial front elevational view of an impact mechanism with a gearbox removed in accordance with a second embodiment.

Figure 16 is a front elevational view of an output position sensor in accordance with a third embodiment.

Figure 17 is a flow chart illustrating a method of determining the position of an anvil of a power tool using the output position sensor of Figure 16.

Figure 18 is a perspective view of the impact mechanism in accordance with a fourth embodiment.

Figure 19 is a side view of the impact mechanism in accordance with a fourth embodiment.

Figure 20 is a front elevational view of a hammer detector in accordance with a fourth embodiment.

Figure 21A is a cross-sectional view of the power tool taken along section line 21-21 of Figure 1 and including an impact mechanism in accordance with a fifth embodiment.

Figure 21B is a side elevational view of the separated impact mechanism in accordance with a fifth embodiment.

Figure 21C is an exploded view of the impact mechanism in accordance with the fifth embodiment.

Figure 21D is an exploded perspective view of a hammer detector in accordance with a fifth embodiment.

Figure 22 is a partial front elevational view of the hammer detector in accordance with a fifth embodiment.

Figure 23 is a schematic view of a hammer detector in accordance with a sixth embodiment.

Figure 24 is a schematic view of a hammer detector in accordance with a seventh embodiment.

Figure 25 is a front elevational view of an output position sensor in accordance with an eighth embodiment.

Figure 26 is a schematic illustration of the output position sensor in accordance with an eighth embodiment.

Figure 27 is a schematic diagram of an output position sensor in accordance with a ninth embodiment.

Figure 28 is a schematic illustration of a magnetic ring of the output position sensor in accordance with a tenth embodiment.

Figure 29 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a closed time mode.

Figure 30 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a minimum angle mode.

Figure 31 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a fallback control mode.

Figure 32 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a closed speed control mode.

Figure 33 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a torque control mode.

Figures 34 and 35 are screenshots illustrating a graphical user interface associated with the torque control mode.

Figure 36 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in an adaptive PWM speed control mode.

Figure 37 is a screenshot illustrating a graphical user interface associated with a square nut control mode.

Figure 38 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a differential impact speed mode.

Figure 39 is a screenshot of a graphical user interface associated with a concrete anchor mode.

Figure 40 is a flow chart illustrating the operation of the power tool in a concrete anchor mode.

10‧‧‧Power Tools

15‧‧‧DC (DC) motor

20‧‧‧shell

21-21‧‧ Sight

25‧‧‧Handle

30‧‧‧Motor housing

35‧‧‧ Impact shell

40‧‧‧Output unit

45‧‧‧ mode selection button

50‧‧‧正/reverse selector

55‧‧‧ Trigger

60‧‧‧Battery interface

65‧‧‧Lights

67‧‧‧ Impact Mechanism

70‧‧‧ anvil

75‧‧‧ hammer

80‧‧‧ Spring

85‧‧‧ joint structure

90‧‧‧ convex

Claims (12)

  1. A power tool comprising: a motor; an impact mechanism coupled to the motor, the impact mechanism comprising a hammer driven by the motor and an anvil positioned in a nose of the power tool and assembled Receiving an impact from the hammer; an impact casing covering the anvil and the hammer; a sensor assembly positioned in the impact casing, the sensor assembly including an output position sensor The output position sensor is configured to generate an output signal indicative of one selected from the group consisting of a position of the hammer and a position of the anvil; and an electronic a processor coupled to the output position sensor and to the motor, the electronic processor configured to: control the motor based on the output signal from the output position sensor.
  2. The power tool of claim 1 further comprising a motor position sensor coupled to sense a rotational position of the motor and to provide motor position feedback information to the electronic processor.
  3. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the output position sensor comprises an inductive sensor.
  4. A power tool according to claim 3, wherein the anvil includes an engagement structure for engaging the hammer, and wherein the inductive sensor detects a rotational position of the engagement structure.
  5. The power tool of claim 3, wherein the inductive sensor is an elongated sensor and includes a plurality of non-uniformly distributed inductive coils, such that the first end of the inductive sensor comprises a second Inductive coils that are more closely aligned at opposite ends.
  6. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the output position sensor comprises an inductive sensor that is assembled to generate the output signal indicative of the axial position of the hammer.
  7. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the output position sensor generates the output signal indicative of the position of the anvil, and wherein the sensor assembly further includes a second sensor, the second sensor It is configured to detect when the hammer is within a predetermined distance from one of the anvils.
  8. The power tool of claim 7, wherein the electronic processor is configured to receive the output signal from the output position sensor, and when the hammer is outside the predetermined distance from the anvil, based on the The output signals received by the two sensors operate the motor and exclude the received output signals when the hammer is within the predetermined distance from the anvil.
  9. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the sensor assembly is at one of a group selected from the group consisting of: a radially outward outer periphery of the hammer, and a ring In the form of a structure, the annular structure surrounds the periphery of the anvil.
  10. The power tool of claim 1 further comprising a gearbox coupled between the motor and the impact mechanism, and wherein the sensor assembly is tethered in front of the gearbox.
  11. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the electronic processor is configured to determine a speed of the motor; and the motor is controlled based on the speed of the motor.
  12. The power tool of claim 1, wherein the electronic processor is configured to determine a state of charge coupled to a battery of the power tool, and to change a control signal to the motor based on the state of charge of the battery.
TW106202809U 2016-02-25 2017-02-24 Power tool including an output position sensor TWM552413U (en)

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JP (1) JP6706681B2 (en)
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