TWI717524B - Grinding-type horizontal rice mill - Google Patents

Grinding-type horizontal rice mill Download PDF

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TWI717524B
TWI717524B TW106119546A TW106119546A TWI717524B TW I717524 B TWI717524 B TW I717524B TW 106119546 A TW106119546 A TW 106119546A TW 106119546 A TW106119546 A TW 106119546A TW I717524 B TWI717524 B TW I717524B
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drum
polishing
grinding
rice
type horizontal
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TW106119546A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201800151A (en
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梶原一信
野中和人
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日商佐竹股份有限公司
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Priority to JP2016120673A priority patent/JP6808991B2/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/06Cleaning involving contact with liquid using perforated drums in which the article or material is placed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B3/00Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming
    • B02B3/06Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming by means of screws or worms

Abstract

A grinding-type horizontal rice mill that can ensure good flowability of the rice grains and improve milling efficiency even when the supply of rice grains is increased and the degree of fullness of the polishing chamber is increased, wherein grooves for agitation that extend in the axial direction are formed on the circular external peripheral surface of the grinding roll, a plurality of blow holes are formed in each of these grooves, and air is blown from the blow holes while the polishing roll is rotationally driven, thereby polishing the rice grains in the polishing chamber.

Description

研磨型橫式精米機Grinding horizontal rice polishing machine
本發明係關於一種利用研磨滾筒將米粒精白之研磨型橫式精米機。The invention relates to a grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine for whitening rice grains by using a grinding drum.
過去,已知一種研磨型橫式精米機,利用在外周面形成有磨粒層之研磨滾筒將米粒精白(參考專利文獻1、2)。In the past, a polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine has been known in which rice grains are polished using a polishing drum with an abrasive grain layer formed on the outer peripheral surface (refer to Patent Documents 1 and 2).
圖8顯示專利文獻1所記載之研磨型橫式精米機。 專利文獻1記載研磨精米機1,在其內部以可任意旋轉的方式橫架研磨轉子18,於該研磨轉子18之周圍設置多孔壁除糠精白筒19,在該研磨轉子18與該多孔壁除糠精白筒19之間形成精白室20,於該精白室20之米粒排出口21側設置擋板23。FIG. 8 shows the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine described in Patent Document 1. Patent Document 1 describes a rice polishing machine 1, in which a grinding rotor 18 is horizontally rotatably mounted, and a porous-walled bran-removing whitening drum 19 is arranged around the grinding rotor 18, and the grinding rotor 18 and the porous wall are removed A whitening chamber 20 is formed between the chaff white tubes 19, and a baffle 23 is provided on the side of the rice grain discharge port 21 of the whitening chamber 20.
若依照專利文獻1所記載之研磨精米機,則藉由下述方式精米:進入精白室20內的米粒,與旋轉之研磨轉子18接觸而將其表面緩緩地研磨,米糠從多孔壁除糠精白筒19的孔排除,經精白之米粒推開擋板23,從米粒排出口21往外部排出。According to the rice polishing machine described in Patent Document 1, the rice is polished by the following method: the rice grains entering the whitening chamber 20 contact the rotating grinding rotor 18 to slowly grind the surface, and the rice bran is removed from the porous wall The holes of the whitening tube 19 are removed, and the baffle 23 is pushed aside by the whitened rice grains, and discharged from the rice grain discharge port 21 to the outside.
然而,在上述專利文獻1記載之研磨精米機中,若為了改善精米效率,而增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度,則產生該米粒的流動性降低引起阻塞等問題。However, in the rice polishing machine described in Patent Document 1, if the supply of rice grains is increased in order to improve the rice polishing efficiency and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is increased, the fluidity of the rice grains decreases, causing problems such as clogging.
圖9顯示專利文獻2所記載之研磨型橫式精米機。 專利文獻2記載之輾穀機係由下述方式構成:在線網6內將金剛砂滾筒14以可任意旋轉的方式安裝,該線網6與該金剛砂滾筒14之間隙成為精白室15,在設置於該精白室15之一端側的排出口附近,設置藉由砝碼28給予偏壓力而朝向該精白室15偏壓的壓迫蓋27,在該線網6內面且位於該精白室15內,設置多個阻擋爪29。Fig. 9 shows the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine described in Patent Document 2. The grain rolling machine described in Patent Document 2 is composed of the following method: the emery drum 14 is installed in the wire net 6 in a freely rotatable manner, and the gap between the wire net 6 and the emery drum 14 becomes the whitening chamber 15, which is installed in Near the discharge port on one end side of the whitening chamber 15, a pressing cover 27 biased toward the whitening chamber 15 by the biasing force given by the weight 28 is provided on the inner surface of the wire net 6 and located in the whitening chamber 15 Multiple blocking claws 29.
若依照專利文獻2所記載之輾穀機,則藉由下述方式精米:送往精白室15內的糙米,藉由金剛砂滾筒14而磨去糠層,在往排出口側運送之間進行精白作用,成為精白米的米粒抵擋壓迫蓋27而往排出口26機外排出。According to the grain rolling machine described in Patent Document 2, the rice is polished by the following method: the brown rice sent to the polishing chamber 15 is polished by the emery drum 14 to remove the chaff layer, and the rice is polished before being transported to the discharge port. As a result, the rice grains that become polished rice resist the pressing cover 27 and are discharged out of the discharge port 26.
此外,若依照上述專利文獻2所記載之輾穀機,則藉由改變設置於精白室15內之阻擋爪29的角度,變更對米粒的阻力,而可防止輾磨不均,施行精白能力(精白度)之調整。In addition, according to the grain rolling machine described in Patent Document 2, the angle of the blocking claw 29 provided in the whitening chamber 15 is changed to change the resistance to rice grains, thereby preventing uneven rolling and implementing whitening ability ( Fine whiteness) adjustment.
然而,上述專利文獻2記載之輾穀機中,若為了改善精米效率,而增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度,則亦產生該米粒的流動性降低而引起阻塞等問題。 [習知技術文獻] [專利文獻]However, in the grain rolling machine described in Patent Document 2, if the supply of rice grains is increased in order to improve the efficiency of polished rice and the filling degree of the rice grains in the polishing chamber is increased, the fluidity of the rice grains will also decrease, causing clogging and other problems. . [Related Technical Documents] [Patent Documents]
專利文獻1:日本特公平2-18138號公報 專利文獻2:日本實開昭62-114633號公報Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Publication No. 2-18138 Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Publication No. 62-114633
[本發明所欲解決的問題] 因而,本發明之目的在於提供一種研磨型橫式精米機,即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,仍可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率。 [解決問題之技術手段][Problem to be solved by the present invention] Therefore, the object of the present invention is to provide a grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine, which can ensure the rice grains even when the supply of rice grains is increased and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is increased. Liquidity improves rice polishing efficiency. [Technical means to solve the problem]
為了達成上述目的,係本發明之實施形態中的一形態之研磨型橫式精米機,其具有由多孔壁構成之精白筒、及以可旋轉的方式配置在該精白筒內之研磨滾筒,於該精白筒與該研磨滾筒之間形成精白室,將從該精白室之一端側供給的米粒在該精白室內精白,將該經精白的米粒從該精白室之另一端側排出,其特徵為: 於該研磨滾筒之垂直於軸向之剖面為圓形的外周面,形成沿軸向延伸之攪拌用的溝,且於該溝內形成複數個噴氣孔,一面旋轉驅動該研磨滾筒一面從該噴氣孔噴吹空氣,在該精白室施行精白。In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, it is a grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine in one of the embodiments of the present invention, which has a polishing drum composed of a porous wall, and a grinding drum rotatably arranged in the polishing drum. A whitening chamber is formed between the whitening drum and the grinding drum, the rice grains supplied from one end of the whitening chamber are whitened in the whitening chamber, and the whitened rice is discharged from the other end of the whitening chamber, which is characterized by: On the outer circumferential surface of the grinding drum with a circular cross-section perpendicular to the axial direction, a groove for stirring extending in the axial direction is formed, and a plurality of air jet holes are formed in the groove, and the grinding drum is driven by rotation while the air jet The hole blows air to perform the whitening in the whitening room.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機中,該研磨滾筒具有圓形的外周面,於該研磨滾筒的外周面,形成沿軸向延伸之攪拌用的溝,且於該溝內形成複數個噴氣孔,可一面旋轉驅動該研磨滾筒一面從該噴氣孔噴吹空氣,以於該精白室施行精白,故連同該攪拌用的溝所產生之米粒攪拌效果、及該空氣所產生之米粒攪拌效果,而可大為改善精白室內之米粒的流動性。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, the grinding drum has a circular outer peripheral surface. A stirring groove extending in the axial direction is formed on the outer peripheral surface of the grinding drum, and a plurality of air jets are formed in the groove The hole can drive the grinding drum while rotating and blow air from the jet hole to perform the whitening in the whitening chamber, so together with the rice stirring effect produced by the stirring groove and the rice stirring effect produced by the air, And it can greatly improve the fluidity of rice grains in the white room.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜於該精白室的該另一端側,設置藉由給予既定偏壓力之擋板而封閉的排出口,使在該精白室內經精白的米粒,從設置於該精白室的該另一端側之該排出口,推開該擋板而排出。According to another embodiment of the present invention, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine is preferably provided with a discharge port closed by a baffle giving a predetermined biasing pressure on the other end side of the polishing chamber, so that the polishing chamber is The rice grains are discharged from the discharge port provided at the other end side of the whitening chamber by pushing open the baffle.
因此,若依照本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,則即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,仍可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率。Therefore, according to the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, even if the supply of rice grains is increased and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is increased, the fluidity of the rice grains can be ensured and the rice polishing efficiency can be improved.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向後方噴吹空氣之開口。In the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the rear of the rotation direction of the polishing drum.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向後方噴吹空氣之開口,則可藉由該空氣攪拌米粒,且可將在該精白室產生的米糠從該精白筒之多孔壁有效地排出。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if the air jet hole has an opening for blowing air in the groove toward the rear of the rotation direction of the grinding drum, the air can agitate the rice grains, and the The rice bran produced in the whitening chamber is effectively discharged from the porous wall of the whitening tube.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方噴吹空氣之開口。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the front of the rotation direction of the grinding drum.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方噴吹空氣之開口,則可藉由該空氣有效地攪拌米粒,且可將在該精白室產生的米糠從該精白筒之多孔壁排出。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if the air jet hole has an opening for blowing air in the groove toward the front of the rotation direction of the grinding drum, the air can effectively agitate the rice grains, and the The rice bran produced in the whitening chamber is discharged from the porous wall of the whitening cylinder.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該精白室的該一端側噴吹空氣之開口。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the one end side of the whitening chamber.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該精白室的該一端側噴吹空氣之開口,則可藉由該空氣有效地攪拌米粒。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if the air-jet hole has an opening for blowing air in the groove toward the one end side of the whitening chamber, the air can effectively agitate the rice grains.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該精白室的該另一端側噴吹空氣之開口。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the other end side of the whitening chamber.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該精白室的該另一端側噴吹空氣之開口,則可藉由該空氣攪拌米粒,且可改善米粒之往輸送方向的流動性。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if the air jet hole has an opening for blowing air in the groove toward the other end of the whitening chamber, the air can be used to agitate the rice grains, and the rice grains can be improved Its mobility in the conveying direction.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該溝,其該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方側係由緩斜面形成,後方側係由陡斜面形成。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the groove is formed with a gentle slope on the front side of the rotation direction of the grinding drum and the rear side is formed by a steep slope.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該溝,其該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方側係由緩斜面形成,後方側係由陡斜面形成,則將由該緩斜面流入該溝內的米粒,由該陡斜面強制地排除,可更有效地攪拌米粒。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if the groove is formed with a gentle slope on the front side of the grinding drum in the rotation direction and the rear side is formed by a steep slope, the rice grains flowing into the groove from the gentle slope , It is forcedly eliminated by the steep slope, which can stir rice grains more effectively.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜使該研磨滾筒,具備形成有超硬磨粒層的外周面。In the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine according to another embodiment of the present invention, the polishing drum preferably has an outer peripheral surface on which a super-hard abrasive grain layer is formed.
本發明之研磨型橫式精米機,若使該研磨滾筒,具備形成有超硬磨粒層的外周面,則研磨滾筒之研磨能力改善,故在改善精米效率方面有效。The grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of the present invention is effective in improving rice polishing efficiency if the polishing drum has an outer peripheral surface formed with a super-hard abrasive grain layer, the polishing ability of the polishing drum is improved.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜於該精白筒之內面,設置對於在該精白室內移動的米粒給予阻力之阻擋構件。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of another embodiment of the present invention, it is suitable to provide a blocking member that gives resistance to the rice grains moving in the polishing chamber on the inner surface of the polishing tube.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若於該精白筒之內面,設置對於在該精白室內移動的米粒給予阻力之阻擋構件,則在如該專利文獻2所記載之研磨型橫式精米機中,即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,仍可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率。In the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine of this embodiment, if a blocking member that gives resistance to the rice grains moving in the polishing chamber is provided on the inner surface of the polishing tube, the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine described in Patent Document 2 In the machine, even if the supply of rice grains is increased and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is increased, the fluidity of the rice grains can still be ensured and the rice polishing efficiency can be improved.
本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,宜將該研磨滾筒,係形成為可分割成複數個滾筒。In the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine according to another embodiment of the present invention, it is preferable that the grinding drum is formed into a plurality of drums.
本實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機,若將該研磨滾筒,係形成為可分割成複數個滾筒,則組合或更換變得容易,可由單一操作者進行組合等作業。此外,在研磨滾筒之一部分的磨粒層磨損之情況,僅更換必要的滾筒即可,相較於更換研磨滾筒全體之情況,在成本上更有利。 [本發明之效果]In the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine of the present embodiment, if the polishing drum is formed to be divided into a plurality of drums, the combination or replacement becomes easy, and a single operator can perform operations such as combination. In addition, when a part of the abrasive grain layer of the grinding roller is worn, only the necessary rollers can be replaced, which is more cost-effective than replacing the entire grinding roller. [Effects of the invention]
藉由本發明,則可提供一種研磨型橫式精米機,即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,仍可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率。By means of the present invention, a grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine can be provided. Even if the supply of rice grains is increased and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is increased, the fluidity of the rice grains can be ensured and the rice polishing efficiency can be improved.
茲依據附圖說明本發明之實施形態。 圖1顯示本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機的概略剖面圖。 本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100,具備送穀部110與精白部120。 該送穀部110,具有圓筒形的送穀筒111、及配置在該送穀筒111內的螺紋滾筒112,於該送穀筒111與該螺紋滾筒112之間形成運送米粒的送穀室113。 該送穀筒111,在一端側上部形成原料供給口114,於該原料供給口114直立設置原料供給筒115,另一方面,在另一端側端部中開口。此外,該螺紋滾筒112,裝設於藉由未圖示之驅動馬達旋轉驅動的主軸116。The embodiments of the present invention are described based on the drawings. Fig. 1 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of a polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention. The grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a grain feeding part 110 and a whitening part 120. The grain feeding portion 110 has a cylindrical grain feeding drum 111 and a threaded drum 112 arranged in the grain feeding drum 111, and a grain feeding chamber for conveying rice grains is formed between the grain feeding drum 111 and the threaded drum 112 113. The grain feed barrel 111 has a raw material supply port 114 formed in the upper part of one end side, and the raw material supply barrel 115 is installed upright at the raw material supply port 114, and on the other hand, it is opened in the other end side end. In addition, the threaded roller 112 is installed on a main shaft 116 that is rotationally driven by a driving motor not shown.
該精白部120,具有由線網等多孔壁構成之圓筒狀或多角筒狀的精白筒121、及位於該精白筒121內且與該螺紋滾筒112配置在同軸上之研磨滾筒122,於該精白筒121與該研磨滾筒122之間形成將米粒予以精白的精白室123。 此處,該研磨滾筒122,軸向之垂直剖面具有圓形的外周面,於該外周面形成超硬磨粒層,其係將由cBN磨粒或鑽石磨粒構成之超硬磨粒電沉積而成。The whitening part 120 has a cylindrical or polygonal tube-shaped whitening tube 121 composed of a porous wall such as a wire mesh, and a polishing drum 122 located in the whitening tube 121 and coaxially arranged with the threaded roller 112. A whitening chamber 123 for whitening rice grains is formed between the whitening cylinder 121 and the grinding drum 122. Here, the grinding drum 122 has a circular outer peripheral surface in a vertical section in the axial direction, and a super-hard abrasive grain layer is formed on the outer peripheral surface, which is formed by electrodeposition of super-hard abrasive grains composed of cBN abrasive grains or diamond abrasive grains. to make.
該精白室123,於一端側端部中與該送穀室113連通,在該精白室123內將從該送穀室113運送的米粒精白,另一方面,於另一端側設置將經精白的米粒排出之排出口124,該排出口124係以藉由砝碼等的調整給予既定偏壓力之擋板125封閉。The whitening chamber 123 communicates with the grain delivery chamber 113 at one end. In the whitening chamber 123, the rice grains conveyed from the grain delivery chamber 113 are whitened. On the other hand, the whitening chamber is provided on the other end. The discharge port 124 through which the rice grains are discharged is closed by a baffle 125 which is adjusted by a weight or the like to give a predetermined biasing force.
於該研磨滾筒122,形成複數個噴氣孔126,從未圖示之空氣供給源,將往該研磨滾筒122內供給的空氣由該噴氣孔126噴吹。 於該精白室123之周圍設置集糠室127,該集糠室127與設置在下方的集糠導管128連通。The polishing drum 122 has a plurality of air injection holes 126 formed, and an air supply source (not shown) blows the air supplied into the polishing drum 122 through the air injection holes 126. A chaff collecting chamber 127 is provided around the whitening chamber 123, and the chaff collecting chamber 127 is in communication with a chaff collecting duct 128 arranged below.
本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100中,將從該原料供給筒115通過該原料供給口114供給至該送穀室113的原料米R,藉由該螺紋滾筒112往該精白室123側運送。 接著,將運送至該精白室123的原料米R,藉由該研磨滾筒122之研磨作用精白,並使其朝向該排出口124移動,推開該擋板125而排出。In the grinding type horizontal rice polisher 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the raw material rice R supplied from the raw material supply cylinder 115 to the grain feeding chamber 113 through the raw material supply port 114 is sent to the whitening chamber by the threaded drum 112 123 side delivery. Then, the raw material rice R transported to the whitening chamber 123 is whitened by the grinding action of the grinding drum 122 and moved toward the discharge port 124, and the baffle 125 is pushed open and discharged.
該精白室123中,因原料米R的精白而產生米糠,但該米糠藉由形成在該研磨滾筒122之噴氣孔126所噴吹的空氣,從該精白筒121的孔通過集糠室127而往集糠導管128排出。In the whitening chamber 123, rice bran is produced due to the whitening of the raw material rice R, but the rice bran is blown from the hole of the whitening drum 121 through the chaff collecting chamber 127 by the air blown from the jet hole 126 formed in the grinding drum 122 It is discharged to the chaff collecting duct 128.
圖2顯示研磨滾筒的說明圖,且係前視圖。此外,圖3顯示圖2的左側視圖。 本發明之實施形態中,在研磨滾筒122之圓形的外周面,形成與該研磨滾筒122的中心軸平行而直線狀地延伸之複數條攪拌用的溝131。該溝131具有V字形之剖面,該噴氣孔126形成為在該溝131之構成V字的傾斜面開口。Fig. 2 shows an explanatory view of the grinding drum, and is a front view. In addition, FIG. 3 shows the left side view of FIG. 2. In the embodiment of the present invention, the circular outer peripheral surface of the polishing drum 122 is formed with a plurality of grooves 131 for stirring which extend in parallel with the central axis of the polishing drum 122 and linearly extend. The groove 131 has a V-shaped cross-section, and the air injection hole 126 is formed to open on the inclined surface of the groove 131 forming the V shape.
圖4顯示圖2的剖面立體圖。 該研磨滾筒122於內部具有中空部132。在配置於該精白室123之該排出口124側,係該研磨滾筒122之一端部的端部,設置空氣導入口133,其係用於將從未圖示之空氣供給源供給的空氣f1往該研磨滾筒122之該中空部132內導入。Fig. 4 shows a cross-sectional perspective view of Fig. 2. The grinding drum 122 has a hollow portion 132 inside. On the side of the discharge port 124 arranged in the whitening chamber 123, at the end of one end of the polishing drum 122, an air inlet 133 is provided for supplying air f1 from an air supply source not shown in the figure. The grinding drum 122 is introduced into the hollow portion 132.
圖5顯示構成研磨滾筒之圓筒形滾筒的立體圖。 該研磨滾筒122,由複數個圓筒形滾筒134構成。該圓筒形滾筒134,在中央具有對該主軸116的安裝部135,於該安裝部135具有設置為放射狀的複數根支柱136,藉由該支柱136支持在外周面形成有超硬磨粒層之圓筒體137。 該研磨滾筒122中,在該溝131之構成V字的傾斜面開口之噴氣孔126,與該中空部132連通,從該空氣導入口133導入至該研磨滾筒122之中空部132內的空氣f2,通過該噴氣孔126而由該溝131內之開口噴吹空氣f3。Fig. 5 shows a perspective view of the cylindrical roller constituting the grinding roller. The polishing drum 122 is composed of a plurality of cylindrical drums 134. The cylindrical drum 134 has a mounting portion 135 for the main shaft 116 in the center, and a plurality of pillars 136 arranged in a radial shape on the mounting portion 135, and super hard abrasive grains are formed on the outer peripheral surface supported by the pillars 136 Layer of cylinder 137. In the polishing drum 122, the air blowing hole 126 opened on the inclined surface forming the V shape of the groove 131 communicates with the hollow portion 132, and the air f2 introduced into the hollow portion 132 of the polishing drum 122 from the air inlet 133 , The air f3 is sprayed from the opening in the groove 131 through the spray hole 126.
圖6,顯示圖2的左側視圖,其係研磨滾筒的動作說明圖。 本發明之實施形態中,於研磨滾筒122之攪拌用的溝131,在位於該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向A前方側位置之傾斜面,形成噴氣孔126的開口。Fig. 6 shows a left side view of Fig. 2, which is an explanatory diagram of the operation of the polishing drum. In the embodiment of the present invention, the agitating groove 131 of the polishing drum 122 has an opening of the air jet hole 126 formed on the inclined surface located at the front side of the rotation direction A of the polishing drum 122.
本發明之實施形態中,旋轉驅動該研磨滾筒122並從該噴氣孔126噴吹空氣f3,在該精白室123將米粒精白,藉而使在該精白室123內藉由該研磨滾筒122之研磨作用精白的米粒,在以該複數條攪拌用的溝131攪拌之同時,亦藉由從該噴氣孔126噴吹的空氣攪拌,故流動性大為改善。In the embodiment of the present invention, the grinding drum 122 is rotationally driven and the air f3 is blown from the air jet hole 126, and the rice grains are refined in the whitening chamber 123, so that the grinding drum 122 is used for grinding in the whitening chamber 123 The white rice grains are stirred by the plurality of stirring grooves 131 and also stirred by the air blown from the jet holes 126, so the fluidity is greatly improved.
因此,若依照本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100,則即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室123內之米粒的填滿度之情況,相較於習知之研磨型橫式精米機,仍可確保米粒的流動性,故可改善精米效率。Therefore, according to the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention, even when the supply amount of rice grains is increased, the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber 123 is increased, compared with the conventional grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine. The rice polishing machine can still ensure the fluidity of the rice grains, so the rice polishing efficiency can be improved.
此外,若依照本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100,則成為從該噴氣孔126,朝向該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向A後方噴吹空氣,而可將在該精白室123產生的米糠從該精白筒121之孔有效地排出。In addition, according to the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention, air is blown from the air injection hole 126 toward the rear of the rotation direction A of the polishing drum 122, and the generated in the polishing chamber 123 The rice bran is effectively discharged from the hole of the whitening drum 121.
圖7顯示研磨滾筒的另一動作說明圖,其係本發明之另一實施形態。 本發明之另一實施形態中,於研磨滾筒122之攪拌用的溝131,在位於該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向A後方側位置之傾斜面,形成噴氣孔126的開口。Fig. 7 shows another operation explanatory diagram of the grinding drum, which is another embodiment of the present invention. In another embodiment of the present invention, the agitating groove 131 of the polishing drum 122 has an opening of the air jet hole 126 formed on the inclined surface located at the rear side of the rotation direction A of the polishing drum 122.
若依照本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100,則從該噴氣孔126,朝向該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向A前方噴吹空氣f3,故在該精白室123內藉由該研磨滾筒122之研磨作用而精白的米粒,以從該噴氣孔126噴吹之空氣更有效地攪拌。According to the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 according to another embodiment of the present invention, the air f3 is blown from the air jet hole 126 toward the front of the rotation direction A of the polishing drum 122, so that the air f3 is blown in the polishing chamber 123 by the The white rice grains by the grinding action of the grinding drum 122 are more effectively stirred by the air blown from the air jet hole 126.
因此,若依照本發明的另一實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機100,則即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室123內之米粒的填滿度之情況,相較於習知之研磨型橫式精米機,仍可更為確保米粒的流動性,故可進一步改善精米效率。Therefore, according to the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 according to another embodiment of the present invention, even when the supply amount of rice grains is increased, the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber 123 is increased, compared with the conventional grinding type The horizontal rice polishing machine can still ensure the fluidity of the rice grains, so the rice polishing efficiency can be further improved.
本發明之實施形態中,該噴氣孔126,可具有朝向該精白室123的米粒供給側噴吹空氣之開口。 該噴氣孔126,若為具有朝向該精白室123的米粒供給側噴吹空氣之開口者,則可藉由該空氣更有效地攪拌米粒。In the embodiment of the present invention, the air injection hole 126 may have an opening for blowing air toward the rice grain supply side of the whitening chamber 123. If the air jet hole 126 has an opening for blowing air toward the rice grain supply side of the whitening chamber 123, the rice grains can be stirred more effectively by the air.
此外,本發明之實施形態中,該噴氣孔126,亦可具有從該精白室123朝向米粒排出側噴吹空氣之開口。 該噴氣孔126,若為具有從該精白室123朝向米粒排出側噴吹空氣之開口者,則可藉由該空氣攪拌米粒,並可改善該米粒之往輸送方向的流動性。In addition, in the embodiment of the present invention, the air jet hole 126 may also have an opening for blowing air from the whitening chamber 123 toward the rice grain discharge side. If the air jet hole 126 has an opening for blowing air from the whitening chamber 123 toward the rice grain discharge side, the air can be used to agitate the rice grains, and the fluidity of the rice grains in the conveying direction can be improved.
本發明之實施形態中,該攪拌用的溝131,其該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向前方側可由緩斜面形成,旋轉方向後方側可由陡斜面形成。 該溝131,若為使該研磨滾筒122的旋轉方向前方側由緩斜面形成,旋轉方向後方側由陡斜面形成者,則使由該緩斜面流入該溝131內的米粒,由該陡斜面強制地排出,而可更有效地攪拌米粒。In the embodiment of the present invention, the stirring groove 131 may be formed by a gentle slope on the front side of the grinding drum 122 in the rotation direction, and may be formed by a steep slope on the back side in the rotation direction. If the groove 131 is formed by a gentle slope on the front side in the rotation direction of the grinding drum 122 and a steep slope on the rear side in the rotation direction, the rice grains flowing into the groove 131 from the gentle slope are forced by the steep slope. It can be discharged more effectively, and the rice grains can be stirred more effectively.
本發明之實施形態中,該研磨滾筒122,係將可分割之複數個圓筒形滾筒134組合而構成,故該研磨滾筒122的組合或更換變得容易,可由單一操作者進行各項作業。 此外,研磨滾筒122,在一部分的磨粒層磨損之情況,僅更換必要的圓筒形滾筒134即可,相較於更換研磨滾筒全體之情況,在成本上更有利。In the embodiment of the present invention, the grinding drum 122 is formed by combining a plurality of separable cylindrical drums 134, so the combination or replacement of the grinding drum 122 becomes easy, and a single operator can perform various operations. In addition, the polishing drum 122 only needs to replace the necessary cylindrical drum 134 when a part of the abrasive grain layer is worn out, which is more cost-effective than replacing the entire polishing drum.
上述本發明之實施形態中,雖以研磨型橫式精米機100在精白室123內並未設置阻擋爪之情況為例進行說明,但在如圖9所示的專利文獻2所記載之研磨型橫式精米機般地設置對於在精白室內移動之米粒給予阻力的阻擋爪之情況,亦同樣地,在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率。In the above-mentioned embodiment of the present invention, although the case where the polishing type horizontal rice polishing machine 100 is not provided with blocking claws in the polishing chamber 123 is described as an example, the polishing type described in Patent Document 2 shown in FIG. The horizontal rice polishing machine is equipped with blocking claws that give resistance to the rice grains moving in the whitening room. Similarly, increasing the supply of rice grains and increasing the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening room can ensure the flow of rice grains. Improve the efficiency of rice polishing.
本發明並未限定於上述實施形態,只要不脫離發明範圍,自然可將其構成適當變更。 [產業上利用性]The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiment, and it is naturally possible to appropriately change its configuration as long as it does not depart from the scope of the invention. [Industrial availability]
本發明之研磨型橫式精米機,即便在增加米粒的供給量,提高精白室內之米粒的填滿度之情況,仍可確保米粒的流動性而改善精米效率,故極具利用性。The grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of the present invention can ensure the fluidity of the rice grains and improve the rice polishing efficiency even when the supply of rice grains is increased and the filling degree of the rice grains in the whitening chamber is improved, so it is extremely useful.
6‧‧‧線網14‧‧‧金剛砂滾筒15‧‧‧精白室18‧‧‧研磨轉子19‧‧‧多孔壁除糠精白筒20‧‧‧精白室21‧‧‧米粒排出口23‧‧‧擋板26‧‧‧排出口27‧‧‧壓迫蓋28‧‧‧砝碼29‧‧‧阻擋爪100‧‧‧研磨型橫式精米機110‧‧‧送穀部111‧‧‧送穀筒112‧‧‧螺紋滾筒113‧‧‧送穀室114‧‧‧原料供給口115‧‧‧原料供給筒116‧‧‧主軸120‧‧‧精白部121‧‧‧精白筒122‧‧‧研磨滾筒123‧‧‧精白室124‧‧‧排出口125‧‧‧擋板126‧‧‧噴氣孔127‧‧‧集糠室128‧‧‧集糠導管131‧‧‧溝132‧‧‧中空部133‧‧‧空氣導入口134‧‧‧圓筒形滾筒135‧‧‧安裝部136‧‧‧支柱137‧‧‧圓筒體f2、f3‧‧‧空氣R‧‧‧原料米6‧‧‧Wire mesh 14‧‧‧Carborundum drum 15‧‧‧Whitening chamber 18‧‧‧Grinding rotor 19‧‧‧Porous wall bran removing white tube 20‧‧‧Whitening chamber 21‧‧‧Rice discharge outlet 23‧‧ ‧Baffle plate 26‧‧‧Exhaust port 27‧‧‧Pressure cover 28‧‧‧Weight 29‧‧‧Block claw 100‧‧‧Grinding type horizontal rice polisher 110‧‧‧Grain delivery department 111‧‧‧Grain delivery Barrel 112‧‧‧Threaded drum 113‧‧‧Grain delivery chamber 114‧‧‧Raw material supply port 115‧‧‧Raw material supply cylinder 116‧‧‧Spindle 120‧‧‧Whitening part 121‧‧‧Whitening cylinder 122‧‧grinding Drum 123‧‧‧Whitening room 124‧‧‧Exhaust outlet 125‧‧‧Baffle 126‧‧‧Air jet 127‧‧‧Branch collection chamber 128‧‧‧Bran collection duct 131‧‧‧Ditch 132‧‧‧Hollow part 133‧‧‧Air inlet 134‧‧‧Cylindrical drum 135‧‧‧Installation part 136‧‧Support 137‧‧‧Cylinder f2, f3‧‧‧Air R‧‧‧Raw material rice
圖1係本發明的實施形態之研磨型橫式精米機的概略剖面圖。 圖2係研磨滾筒的前視圖。 圖3係圖2的左側視圖。 圖4係圖2的剖面立體圖。 圖5係圓筒形滾筒的立體圖。 圖6係研磨滾筒的動作說明圖。 圖7係研磨滾筒的另一動作說明圖。 圖8係習知之研磨型橫式精米機的說明圖。 圖9係習知之研磨型橫式精米機的說明圖。Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a polishing horizontal rice polishing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention. Figure 2 is a front view of the grinding drum. Fig. 3 is a left side view of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional perspective view of Fig. 2. Figure 5 is a perspective view of a cylindrical drum. Fig. 6 is an explanatory diagram of the operation of the polishing drum. Fig. 7 is a diagram illustrating another operation of the polishing drum. Figure 8 is an explanatory diagram of a conventional grinding horizontal rice polishing machine. Figure 9 is an explanatory diagram of a conventional grinding horizontal rice polishing machine.
no
126‧‧‧噴氣孔 126‧‧‧Air jet
131‧‧‧溝 131‧‧‧ditch
134‧‧‧圓筒形滾筒 134‧‧‧Cylindrical roller
135‧‧‧安裝部 135‧‧‧Installation Department
136‧‧‧支柱 136‧‧‧Pillars
137‧‧‧圓筒體 137‧‧‧Cylinder
f2、f3‧‧‧空氣 f2, f3‧‧‧air

Claims (6)

  1. 一種研磨型橫式精米機,具有由多孔壁構成之精白筒、及以可旋轉的方式配置在該精白筒內之研磨滾筒,於該精白筒與該研磨滾筒之間形成精白室,將從該精白室之一端側供給的米粒在該精白室內精白,將該經精白的米粒從該精白室之另一端側排出,其特徵為:該研磨滾筒具有垂直於軸向之剖面為圓形的外周面,於該研磨滾筒之該圓形的外周面,形成沿軸向延伸之複數條攪拌用的溝,於該複數條攪拌用的溝內,各自形成複數個噴氣孔,一面旋轉驅動該研磨滾筒一面從該噴氣孔噴吹空氣,而在該精白室施行精白,該溝,於其在該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方側係由緩斜面形成,而後方側係由陡斜面形成。 A grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine, which has a polishing drum composed of porous walls and a polishing drum rotatably arranged in the polishing drum. A polishing chamber is formed between the polishing drum and the polishing drum, The rice grains supplied from one end side of the whitening chamber are refined in the whitening chamber, and the whitened rice particles are discharged from the other end side of the whitening chamber, characterized in that the grinding drum has a circular outer peripheral surface perpendicular to the axial direction. , On the circular outer peripheral surface of the grinding drum, a plurality of stirring grooves extending in the axial direction are formed, and a plurality of air jet holes are respectively formed in the plural stirring grooves, and the grinding drum is driven while rotating. Air is blown from the jet hole to perform fine whitening in the whitening chamber. The groove is formed by a gentle slope on the front side in the rotation direction of the polishing drum, and the rear side is formed by a steep slope.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項之研磨型橫式精米機,其中,該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向後方噴吹空氣之開口。 For example, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of the first item of the scope of patent application, wherein the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the rear of the rotation direction of the grinding drum.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項之研磨型橫式精米機,其中,該噴氣孔,具有在該溝內朝向該研磨滾筒的旋轉方向前方噴吹空氣之開口。 For example, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of the first item of the scope of patent application, wherein the air jet hole has an opening in the groove for blowing air toward the front of the rotation direction of the grinding drum.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1至3項中任一項之研磨型橫式精米機,其中,該研磨滾筒,具備形成有超硬磨粒層的外周面。 For example, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of any one of items 1 to 3 of the scope of patent application, wherein the grinding drum has an outer peripheral surface formed with a super-hard abrasive grain layer.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1至3項中任一項之研磨型橫式精米機,其中,於該精白筒之內面,設置對於在該精白室內移動的米粒給予阻力之阻擋構件。 For example, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of any one of items 1 to 3 in the scope of the patent application, wherein a blocking member that gives resistance to the rice grains moving in the polishing chamber is provided on the inner surface of the polishing tube.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第1至3項中任一項之研磨型橫式精米機,其中,該研磨滾筒,係形成為可分割成複數個滾筒。 For example, the grinding type horizontal rice polishing machine of any one of items 1 to 3 in the scope of patent application, wherein the grinding drum is formed to be divided into a plurality of drums.
TW106119546A 2016-06-17 2017-06-13 Grinding-type horizontal rice mill TWI717524B (en)

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