TWI694753B - Precision assembly machine - Google Patents

Precision assembly machine Download PDF

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TWI694753B
TWI694753B TW105122969A TW105122969A TWI694753B TW I694753 B TWI694753 B TW I694753B TW 105122969 A TW105122969 A TW 105122969A TW 105122969 A TW105122969 A TW 105122969A TW I694753 B TWI694753 B TW I694753B
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assembly
module
clamping
feeding
machine
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TW105122969A
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TW201804892A (en
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吳智孟
李志成
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創新服務股份有限公司
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一種精密組裝機,包含一機座及置於該機座上的一物料檢測模組、一供料模組及一組裝模組。該物料檢測模組具有一第一升降位移機構、一工作台、一物料判別機構及一第一夾持機構,當所欲組裝的物料被安置於該工作台上時,可先經由該物料判別機構檢測物料的尺寸,若檢測合格,該第一升降位移機構則控制該第一夾持機構去夾取該工作台上的物料。該供料模組具有一供料台,該供料台上設置有複數個容置槽,可將該第一夾持機構所夾取的該物料暫置於該容置槽,以供備用。該組裝模組具有一第二升降位移機構及一第二夾持機構,在啟動組裝作業,經由該第二升降位移機構操作該第二夾持機構夾取該供料模組上的物料,以進行物料之自動化組裝作業。 A precision assembly machine includes a base and a material detection module, a feed module and an assembly module placed on the base. The material detection module has a first lifting displacement mechanism, a working table, a material discriminating mechanism and a first clamping mechanism. When the material to be assembled is placed on the working table, the material can be discriminated first The mechanism detects the size of the material. If the test is qualified, the first lifting and displacing mechanism controls the first clamping mechanism to clamp the material on the worktable. The feeding module has a feeding table, and the feeding table is provided with a plurality of accommodating grooves, and the material clamped by the first clamping mechanism can be temporarily placed in the accommodating groove for standby. The assembly module has a second lifting and lowering mechanism and a second clamping mechanism. When the assembly operation is started, the second clamping and closing mechanism is operated by the second lifting and lowering mechanism to grip the material on the feeding module to Carry out automatic assembly of materials.

Description

精密組裝機 Precision assembly machine
本創作是有關於一種組裝機,特別是有關於一種兼具有來料品質檢測,以提升組裝效率的精密組裝機。 This creation is about an assembling machine, especially a precision assembling machine that also has incoming material quality inspection to improve assembly efficiency.
晶圓測試(Wafer Probe)及晶圓封裝(Packaging)為半導體製造過程之後段製程,而晶圓測試是對晶片(chip)上的每個晶粒進行針測作業,在檢測頭裝上以金線製成細如毛髮之探針(probe),與晶粒上的接點(pad)接觸,以測試其電氣特性,不合格的晶粒會被淘汰,而被測試合格的晶粒方可進行下一個製程,以維持組裝品質與產品良率,因此,晶圓測試製程為積體電路製造中對製造成本影響甚巨的重要製程。 Wafer probe and wafer packaging are the later stages of the semiconductor manufacturing process. Wafer test is to perform a pin test operation on each die on the chip and install gold on the inspection head. The wire is made into a hair-like probe, which is in contact with the pad on the die to test its electrical characteristics. The unqualified die will be eliminated, and the tested die can be carried out The next process is to maintain assembly quality and product yield. Therefore, the wafer test process is an important process that has a huge impact on manufacturing costs in integrated circuit manufacturing.
然而,隨著積體電路之發展,封裝與測試的技術亦不斷地提昇,近幾年來晶圓測試的探針(probe)規格也從150μm進化到24.5μm,此規格比毛髮還要細,這已經到了人工很難組裝的極限。 However, with the development of integrated circuits, the technology of packaging and testing has been continuously improved. In recent years, the specifications of probes for wafer testing have also evolved from 150μm to 24.5μm. This specification is thinner than hair. It has reached the limit of being difficult to assemble manually.
雖然,半導體製造之封裝測試大部分已由機械化組裝所取代,但是,因探針(probe)的尺寸越做越小,且在組裝過程中,探針此物料雖已經過供料廠商作初步的篩選,但是,在運送至封裝廠時,卻發現物料的不良品還是很大量,因此,當機具在組裝的過程中,通常還是會產生相當多的物料不良品,如此一來不但延緩了組裝速度,而且,現有的組裝機具,完全是依賴一個夾爪依序進行取料、拋料、組裝之作業,不但組裝速度緩慢,且由於廠商所供應的精細物料的不良品數量相當多,在拋料過 程導致延緩後續組裝作業的情況下,則會造成製造成本相對提高,故為了提升製造效率,同時亦為監控成本的考量下,必須再進一步研發解決的方針。 Although most of the packaging and testing of semiconductor manufacturing has been replaced by mechanized assembly, but because the probe size is getting smaller and smaller, and during the assembly process, the probe material has been preliminary preliminary by the supplier. Screening, however, when shipped to the packaging factory, it was found that the number of defective products is still very large. Therefore, when the machine is in the process of assembling, usually a lot of defective materials will be produced, which will not only slow down the assembly speed Moreover, the existing assembly machines rely entirely on a gripper to sequentially take out, throw, and assemble. Not only is the assembly speed slow, but also because of the large number of defective products supplied by manufacturers, the number of defective materials is quite large. Past In the case of delaying the subsequent assembly operations, the manufacturing cost will be relatively increased. Therefore, in order to improve manufacturing efficiency and at the same time, to monitor costs, it is necessary to further develop a solution policy.
本創作的精密組裝機,藉由物料檢測模組預先作來料品質檢測,再暫置於供料模組,以提供給組裝模組作連續且快速的組裝作業,以提升生產效率,同時可降低製造成本。 The precision assembly machine of this creation uses the material detection module to perform incoming material quality inspection in advance, and then temporarily places it in the feed module to provide the assembly module with continuous and rapid assembly operations to improve production efficiency and at the same time Reduce manufacturing costs.
因此,本創作所提出之一種精密組裝機,包含有一機座、一物料檢測模組、一供料模組及一組裝模組。該物料檢測模組,安置在該機座上,並具有一第一升降位移機構、一工作台、一物料判別機構及一與該第一升降位移機構連接的第一夾持機構,當所欲組裝的物料被安置於該工作台上時,可先經由該物料判別機構檢測物料的尺寸,若檢測合格,該第一升降位移機構則控制該第一夾持機構去夾取該工作台上的物料。該供料模組,安置在該機座上,且位於該物料檢測模組的一側,該供料模組具有一供料台,該供料台上設置有複數個容置槽,可將該第一夾持機構所夾取的該物料暫置於該容置槽,以供備用。該組裝模組,安置在該機座上,且位於該供料模組的一側,該組裝模組具有一第二升降位移機構及一第二夾持機構,在啟動組裝作業,經由該第二升降位移機構操作該第二夾持機構夾取該供料模組上的物料,以進行物料之自動化組裝作業。 Therefore, a precision assembly machine proposed by the author includes a base, a material detection module, a feed module and an assembly module. The material detection module is arranged on the machine base, and has a first lifting displacement mechanism, a workbench, a material discriminating mechanism and a first clamping mechanism connected with the first lifting displacement mechanism. When the assembled materials are placed on the table, the size of the materials can be detected by the material discriminating mechanism first. If the test is qualified, the first lifting and displacing mechanism controls the first clamping mechanism to clamp the table materials. The feeding module is arranged on the machine base and is located on one side of the material detection module. The feeding module has a feeding table. The feeding table is provided with a plurality of accommodating grooves. The material gripped by the first clamping mechanism is temporarily placed in the accommodating groove for standby. The assembly module is placed on the machine base and is located on one side of the feed module. The assembly module has a second elevating displacement mechanism and a second clamping mechanism. The two lifting and lowering mechanism operates the second clamping mechanism to clamp the material on the feeding module to carry out the automatic assembly operation of the material.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,該物料判別機構是利用複數個CCD鏡頭作影像判斷,以篩選出供合格使用的物料。 According to the precision assembly machine proposed in the above creation, the material discriminating mechanism uses a plurality of CCD lenses for image judgment to screen out materials for qualified use.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,更包含一供承置該物料的供料盤,該供料盤安置於該工作台上。 According to the above-mentioned precision assembly machine proposed in this creation, it further includes a feed tray for receiving the material, and the feed tray is placed on the worktable.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,該供料模組之 供料台上的各該容置槽是環設於外周側。 According to the above-mentioned precision assembly machine proposed in this creation, in which the feed module Each of the accommodating grooves on the feeding table is ring-shaped on the outer peripheral side.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,該組裝模組更具有一承載平台及一安置於該承載平台上的治具盤,當該第二夾持機構被位移至該承載平台上時,得將該物料組裝於該治具盤上。 According to the above-mentioned precision assembly machine proposed by the author, wherein the assembly module further has a bearing platform and a jig plate placed on the bearing platform, when the second clamping mechanism is displaced onto the bearing platform , The material may be assembled on the jig plate.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,該組裝模組更具有一第二物料判別機構,當該第二夾持機構已夾取物料時,再經過該第二物料判別機構檢測物料的尺寸,若檢測合格,則繼續組裝作業,若不合格,則進行拋料處理。 According to the precision assembly machine proposed in the above creation, wherein the assembly module further has a second material discriminating mechanism, when the second clamping mechanism has gripped the material, the second material discriminating mechanism detects the material For the size, if the test is passed, the assembly operation is continued, and if it is not qualified, the material is thrown away.
依照上述本創作所提出之精密組裝機,其中,該第二物料判別機構是利用複數個CCD鏡頭作影像判斷,以篩選並確認物料是否為合格品。 According to the precision assembly machine proposed in the above creation, the second material discriminating mechanism uses a plurality of CCD lenses for image judgment to screen and confirm whether the material is qualified.
據上所述,相較於現有組裝機完全依賴一個夾爪依序作取料、拋料、組裝之作業,導致組裝速度緩慢,製造成本高昂的缺失。本創作的精密組裝機,預先在物料檢測模組經由第一夾持機構夾取物料作來料品質之篩選,再暫置於該供料模組上,使大量的物料安置於供料台上,供料充足且均是良品,組裝時再經透過該組裝模組的第二夾持機構夾取物料,且每次所夾取的物料均是良品,不但可加速組裝作業,以提升生產效率,同時可降低製造成本。此外,在組裝模組中再藉由第二物料判別機構作二次品質確認作業,可確保品質之精良,以利於組裝作業之順暢進行。 According to the above, compared with the existing assembly machine which completely relies on a clamping jaw for the operations of retrieving, throwing and assembling in sequence, the assembly speed is slow and the manufacturing cost is high. The precision assembly machine of this creation pre-clamps the material in the material detection module through the first clamping mechanism for the screening of incoming material quality, and then temporarily places it on the feed module, so that a large amount of material is placed on the feed table , The supply is sufficient and all are good products. During assembly, the material is clamped through the second clamping mechanism of the assembly module, and the material clamped each time is good, not only can accelerate the assembly operation, to improve production efficiency , While reducing manufacturing costs. In addition, in the assembly module, the second material identification mechanism is used for the secondary quality confirmation operation, which can ensure the excellent quality and facilitate the smooth operation of the assembly operation.
100:精密組裝機 100: precision assembly machine
10:機座 10: base
20:物料檢測模組 20: Material detection module
21:工作台 21: Workbench
22:第一升降位移機構 22: The first lifting displacement mechanism
23:物料判別機構 23: Material identification agency
231:CCD鏡頭 231: CCD lens
232:CCD鏡頭 232: CCD lens
24:第一夾持機構 24: The first clamping mechanism
30:供料模組 30: Feeding module
31:供料台 31: feeding table
32:容置槽 32: accommodating slot
40:組裝模組 40: Assembly module
41:第二升降位移機構 41: Second lifting displacement mechanism
42:第二夾持機構 42: Second clamping mechanism
43:承載平台 43: Carrying platform
44:治具盤 44: Fixture tray
45:第二物料判別機構 45: Second Material Discrimination Organization
451:CCD鏡頭 451: CCD lens
452:CCD鏡頭 452: CCD lens
50:供料盤 50: feeding tray
200:物料 200: material
第1圖為本創作精密組裝機一較佳實施例的組合平面圖。 FIG. 1 is a combined plan view of a preferred embodiment of a precision assembly machine.
第2圖為該精密組裝機的局部放大圖,是顯示在該物料盤上,該第一夾持機構夾取該物件的狀態。 Figure 2 is a partially enlarged view of the precision assembly machine, showing the state of the first clamping mechanism gripping the object on the material tray.
第3圖為該精密組裝機的局部放大圖,是顯示該第一夾持機構夾取該物料以進行暫置的動作。 Figure 3 is a partial enlarged view of the precision assembly machine, showing the first clamping mechanism to grip the material for temporary operation.
第4圖為該精密組裝機的局部放大圖,是顯示該供料模組之供料台的頂視圖。 Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view of the precision assembly machine, which is a top view showing the feeding table of the feeding module.
第5圖為該精密組裝機的局部放大圖,是顯示該物料已安置於該供料模組的容置槽的狀態。 Figure 5 is a partial enlarged view of the precision assembly machine, showing the state where the material has been placed in the receiving slot of the feed module.
第6圖為該精密組裝機的局部放大圖,是顯示該組裝模組的第二夾持機構夾取該物料進行組裝的狀態。 FIG. 6 is a partially enlarged view of the precision assembly machine, showing a state where the second clamping mechanism of the assembly module grips the material for assembly.
第7圖為該精密組裝機之組裝作業的流程圖。 Figure 7 is a flow chart of the assembly work of the precision assembly machine.
參照第1圖所示,本創作精密組裝機100的一較佳實施例,包含有一機座10、一物料檢測模組20、一供料模組30及一組裝模組40。 Referring to FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the present precision assembly machine 100 includes a base 10, a material detection module 20, a feed module 30 and an assembly module 40.
參照第1圖與第2圖所示,該物料檢測模組20,安置在該機座10上,以供檢測複數個物料200。該物料檢測模組20具有一工作台21、一位於該工作台21上的第一升降位移機構22、一物料判別機構23及一與該第一升降位移機構22連接的第一夾持機構24。而該物料200是承置於一供料盤50上。該第一升降位移機構22是利用壓缸結構作升降與位移。本實施例中,該物料判別機構23是利用複數個CCD鏡頭231、232作影像判斷,以篩選出供合格使用的物料200,且至少由兩個CCD鏡頭231、232作二軸以上的影像檢測,再經由微控電路的比對運算以判別出物料200尺寸是否為合格良品。 Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the material detection module 20 is installed on the base 10 for detecting a plurality of materials 200. The material detection module 20 has a worktable 21, a first elevating displacement mechanism 22 located on the worktable 21, a material discriminating mechanism 23, and a first clamping mechanism 24 connected to the first elevating displacement mechanism 22 . The material 200 is placed on a feeding tray 50. The first elevating and displacing mechanism 22 uses a pressure cylinder structure for elevating and displacing. In this embodiment, the material discriminating mechanism 23 uses a plurality of CCD lenses 231 and 232 for image judgment to screen out qualified materials 200, and at least two CCD lenses 231 and 232 are used for image detection of more than two axes. Then, through the comparison operation of the micro-control circuit to determine whether the size of the material 200 is qualified and good.
參閱第1、7圖,當經由外部的機具將該供料盤50運送至該工作台21後,該第一夾持機構24先夾取該物料200,再經由該物料判別機構23的CCD鏡頭231、232做多軸向的影像判別,以篩檢物料200尺寸是否合格,若物料200被檢測合格,如第1圖之箭頭A1所示,該第一升降位移機構22則控制該第一夾持機構24將物料200向上位移,如第1圖之箭頭A2所示,再橫向位移至該供料模組30,如第1圖之箭頭A3所示,接著向下位移,以利進行下一步的物料200暫置作業。若物料200檢測不合格,則視為不良品,再經該第一夾持機構24夾取該物料200進行拋料動作,將物料200拋棄以便後續回收,因拋料回收作業並非本案訴求重點,於此不多詳述。 Referring to FIGS. 1 and 7, after the feed tray 50 is transported to the worktable 21 via an external machine, the first clamping mechanism 24 first grasps the material 200 and then passes through the CCD lens of the material discrimination mechanism 23 231 and 232 perform multi-axial image discrimination to screen whether the size of the material 200 is qualified. If the material 200 is qualified, as shown by the arrow A1 in FIG. 1, the first lifting and displacement mechanism 22 controls the first clamp The holding mechanism 24 displaces the material 200 upward, as shown by the arrow A2 in FIG. 1, and then laterally moves to the feed module 30, as shown by the arrow A3 in FIG. 1, and then moves downward to facilitate the next step 200 temporary operations of materials. If the material 200 fails to pass the test, it is regarded as a defective product, and then the material 200 is clamped by the first clamping mechanism 24 to perform a throwing action, and the material 200 is discarded for subsequent recovery. The throwing and recycling operation is not the focus of this case. Not elaborated here.
續參照第3、4圖所示,該供料模組30,安置在該機座10上,且位於該物料檢測模組20的一側,該供料模組30具有一供料台31,該供料台31上設置有複數個容置槽32。本實施例中,該供料模組30之供料台31上的各該容置槽32是環設於外周側。此外,該供料模組30是一修整物料200的機具,物料200送至容置槽32後,通經過微細毛邊修整外形之作業,修整完成的物料200則旋轉至另一側,以供備料。 With continued reference to Figures 3 and 4, the feed module 30 is placed on the base 10 and is located on one side of the material detection module 20. The feed module 30 has a feed table 31, The feeding table 31 is provided with a plurality of accommodating grooves 32. In this embodiment, each of the accommodating grooves 32 on the feeding table 31 of the feeding module 30 is annularly arranged on the outer peripheral side. In addition, the feeding module 30 is a machine for trimming the material 200. After the material 200 is sent to the accommodating groove 32, the fine material is used to trim the shape, and the trimmed material 200 is rotated to the other side for preparation. .
接續前述,如第1、7圖,當檢測合格的物料200經由該第一升降位移機構22位移至該供料台31上方之後,穩定夾持該物料200第一夾持機構24則如第1圖之箭頭A3所示將物料200向下插植入該容置槽32上,再經過外形修整作業後,如第5圖所示,讓物料200暫置於該供料模組30的容置槽32中,以供備用。 Continuing from the foregoing, as shown in Figs. 1 and 7, when the qualified material 200 is displaced above the feeding table 31 through the first lifting and displacing mechanism 22, the first clamping mechanism 24 stably holds the material 200 as in the first As shown by the arrow A3 in the figure, the material 200 is inserted downwardly into the accommodating groove 32, and after the shape modification operation, as shown in FIG. 5, the material 200 is temporarily placed in the accommodating part of the feeding module 30 Slot 32 for backup.
續參照第6圖所示,該組裝模組40,安置在該機座10上,且位於該供料模組30的一側,該組裝模組40具有一第二升降位移機構41及一第二夾持機構42。該第二升降位移機構41是利用壓缸結構作升降與位移。此外,該組裝模組40更具有一承載平台43及一安置於該承載平台43上的治具盤44,當該第二夾持機構42被位移至該承載平台43上方時,得將該物料200組裝於該治具盤44上。該組裝模組40更具有一第二物料判別機構45,當該第二夾持機構42已夾取物料200時,再經過該第二物料判 別機構45檢測物料200的尺寸,若檢測合格,則繼續組裝作業,若不合格,則進行拋料處理。本實施例中,該第二物料判別機構45是利用複數個CCD鏡頭451、452作影像判斷,以篩選出供合格使用的物料200,且至少兩個CCD鏡頭451、452作二軸以上的影像檢測,再經由微控電路的比對運算以判別出物料200尺寸是否為合格良品。 With continued reference to FIG. 6, the assembly module 40 is placed on the machine base 10 and is located on one side of the feed module 30. The assembly module 40 has a second elevating displacement mechanism 41 and a first Second clamping mechanism 42. The second lifting and displacing mechanism 41 utilizes the pressure cylinder structure for lifting and displacement. In addition, the assembly module 40 further has a carrying platform 43 and a jig tray 44 disposed on the carrying platform 43. When the second clamping mechanism 42 is displaced above the carrying platform 43, the material 200 is assembled on the jig tray 44. The assembly module 40 further has a second material discriminating mechanism 45. When the second clamping mechanism 42 has grasped the material 200, the second material discriminating mechanism The other mechanism 45 detects the size of the material 200, if the test is passed, the assembly operation is continued, and if it is not, the material throwing process is performed. In this embodiment, the second material discriminating mechanism 45 uses a plurality of CCD lenses 451 and 452 to make image judgments to select materials 200 for qualified use, and at least two CCD lenses 451 and 452 make images with more than two axes. Detection, and then through the comparison operation of the micro-control circuit to determine whether the size of the material 200 is qualified and good.
再接續前述,如第1、7圖,進行組裝作業時,該組裝模組40的該第二升降位移機構41已位移至供料模組30,首先經由該第二夾持機構42夾取該供料模組30之容置槽32上的物料200,如第1圖之箭頭B1所示,向上夾起物料200,再第1圖之箭頭B2所示,橫向位移至該組裝模組30上方,此時,經由該第二物料判別機構45的CCD鏡頭451、452做多軸向的影像判別,再次確認物料200尺寸是否合格,若物料200被檢測合格,接著如第1圖之箭頭B3所示,再向下位移以將該物料200組裝於該治具盤44上,以完成物料200之自動化組裝作業。而若物料200經該第二物料判別機構45判別為不良品,立即進行拋料,以利於後續回收作業。 Continuing with the foregoing, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, during the assembly operation, the second lifting and displacing mechanism 41 of the assembly module 40 has been displaced to the feed module 30, and the second clamping mechanism 42 first grips the The material 200 on the accommodating slot 32 of the feeding module 30, as shown by the arrow B1 in FIG. 1, clamps the material 200 upward, and then moves laterally to the assembly module 30 as shown by the arrow B2 in FIG. At this time, the CCD lenses 451 and 452 of the second material discriminating mechanism 45 are used to perform multi-axial image discrimination to confirm whether the size of the material 200 is qualified. If the material 200 is qualified, then follow the arrow B3 in Figure 1 As shown, move downward to assemble the material 200 on the jig tray 44 to complete the automatic assembly of the material 200. If the material 200 is judged as a defective product by the second material discriminating mechanism 45, the material is immediately thrown away to facilitate the subsequent recycling operation.
因此,本創作的精密組裝機100,先透過該物料檢測模組20對該物料200作檢測,預先篩檢出合格的物料200,以解決以往物料因未作預檢而均放置於供料區備用,導致後續作業上產生大量之不良品,進而影響組裝作業緩慢等問題。接著,已篩選合格的物料200則經由該第一夾持機構24、第一升降位移機構22之運送而暫置於該供料模組30的供料台31上,讓供料台31備置大量的物料200,以利於後續組裝之順利。由於該供料台31上的物料200已是篩選合格且經過修整的良品,所以,該組裝模組40在進行組裝作業時,該第二升降位移機構41前往該供料台31夾取的物料200均是已處理過的良品,故透過該第二夾持機構42夾取該供料台31上物料200,可連續快速地組裝於該承載平台43上的治具盤44上,組裝作業快速以提升生產效率,同時可降低製造成本。此外,組裝模組另具有第 二物料判別機構45作二次品質確認作業,可確保品質之精良,以利於組裝作業之順暢進行。 Therefore, the precision assembly machine 100 of the present invention first detects the material 200 through the material detection module 20, and screens out the qualified material 200 in advance, so as to solve that the previous materials are placed in the feeding area because they have not been pre-inspected Spare, resulting in a large number of defective products in subsequent operations, which will affect the slow assembly operations and other problems. Then, the qualified materials 200 are transported through the first clamping mechanism 24 and the first lifting and displacing mechanism 22 and temporarily placed on the feeding table 31 of the feeding module 30, so that the feeding table 31 is provided with a large number of Material 200 to facilitate subsequent assembly. Since the material 200 on the feeding table 31 is already a qualified product that has passed the screening and has been trimmed, when the assembly module 40 performs the assembly operation, the second lifting and displacing mechanism 41 goes to the material captured by the feeding table 31 Both 200 are good products that have been processed, so the material 200 on the feeding table 31 is clamped by the second clamping mechanism 42 and can be continuously and quickly assembled on the jig tray 44 on the carrying platform 43, the assembly operation is fast To improve production efficiency, while reducing manufacturing costs. In addition, the assembly module has another The second material discriminating mechanism 45 performs the second quality confirmation operation, which can ensure the perfect quality and facilitate the smooth operation of the assembly operation.
歸納上述,相較於現有組裝機完全依賴一個夾爪依序作取料、拋料、組裝之作業,不但組裝速度緩慢,且由於廠商所供應的精細物料的不良品數量很多,在拋料過程導致延緩後續組裝作業的情況下,則造成製造成本相對提高的缺失。由於本創作的精密組裝機,預先在物料檢測模組20經由第一夾持機構24夾取物料200作來料品質之篩選,再暫置於該供料模組30上,使大量的物料200安置於供料台31上,供料充足且均是良品,組裝時再經透過該組裝模組40的第二夾持機構42夾取物料200,且每次所夾取的物料200均是良品,不但可加速組裝作業,以提升生產效率,同時可降低製造成本。而且,本案的精密組裝機100,在前置來料的品質篩檢上、良品暫置於供料區上,以及後置組裝流程上,都是同步連續地進行,所以,整個組裝作業相當迅速,產量大且製造成本低廉。 In summary, compared with the existing assembly machine which completely relies on a gripper to sequentially take the material, throw the material, and assemble the operation, not only the assembly speed is slow, but also because the quantity of defective products supplied by the manufacturer is large, the material is thrown in the process In the case of delaying subsequent assembly operations, it results in a lack of relatively high manufacturing costs. Due to the precision assembly machine of this invention, the material detection module 20 pre-clamps the material 200 through the first clamping mechanism 24 for the screening of incoming material quality, and then temporarily places it on the feeding module 30 to make a large amount of material 200 It is placed on the feeding table 31, and the supply is sufficient and all are good products. During assembly, the material 200 is gripped by the second clamping mechanism 42 of the assembly module 40, and each time the material 200 is gripped is good product , Not only can speed up assembly operations to improve production efficiency, but also reduce manufacturing costs. Moreover, the precision assembly machine 100 in this case is synchronously and continuously performed on the quality inspection of the incoming materials, the temporary products are temporarily placed on the feeding area, and the post-assembly process, so the entire assembly operation is quite rapid , Large output and low manufacturing cost.
附帶說明的是,本案中該物料200係為各種精密的組裝料件,例如針料、矽晶片、精密鏡片等,圖式中僅顯示出針料為例。 Incidentally, in this case, the material 200 is a variety of precision assembly materials, such as needle materials, silicon wafers, precision lenses, etc., only the needle materials are shown in the figure as an example.
以上所述,僅為本創作之一個較佳實施例而已,當不能以此限定本創作實施之範圍,即大凡依本創作申請專利範圍及發明說明內容所作之簡單的等效變化與修飾,皆應仍屬本創作專利涵蓋之範圍內。 The above is only a preferred embodiment of this creation, and it should not be used to limit the scope of the implementation of this creation, that is, any simple equivalent changes and modifications made according to the scope of the patent application and the description of the invention Should still fall within the scope of this creative patent.
100‧‧‧精密組裝機 100‧‧‧Precision Assembly Machine
10‧‧‧機座 10‧‧‧Base
20‧‧‧物料檢測模組 20‧‧‧Material detection module
21‧‧‧工作台 21‧‧‧Workbench
22‧‧‧第一升降位移機構 22‧‧‧First lifting displacement mechanism
23‧‧‧物料判別機構 23‧‧‧ Material Discrimination Organization
231‧‧‧CCD鏡頭 231‧‧‧CCD lens
232‧‧‧CCD鏡頭 232‧‧‧CCD lens
24‧‧‧第二夾持機構 24‧‧‧Second clamping mechanism
30‧‧‧供料模組 30‧‧‧ Feeding module
31‧‧‧供料台 31‧‧‧Feeding table
40‧‧‧組裝模組 40‧‧‧Assembly module
41‧‧‧第二升降位移機構 41‧‧‧Second lifting mechanism
42‧‧‧第二夾持機構 42‧‧‧Second clamping mechanism
43‧‧‧承載平台 43‧‧‧Bearing platform
44‧‧‧治具盤 44‧‧‧ Fixture tray
45‧‧‧物料判別機構 45‧‧‧ Material Discrimination Organization
451‧‧‧CCD鏡頭 451‧‧‧CCD lens
452‧‧‧CCD鏡頭 452‧‧‧CCD lens
200‧‧‧物料 200‧‧‧Materials

Claims (7)

  1. 一種精密組裝機,其包含有:一機座;一物料檢測模組,安置在該機座上,並具有一第一升降位移機構、一工作台、一物料判別機構及一與該第一升降位移機構連接的第一夾持機構,當所欲組裝的物料被安置於該工作台上時,可先經由該物料判別機構檢測物料的尺寸,若檢測合格,該第一升降位移機構則控制該第一夾持機構去夾取該工作台上的物料;一供料模組,安置在該機座上,且位於該物料檢測模組的一側,該供料模組具有一供料台,該供料台上設置有複數個容置槽,可將該第一夾持機構所夾取的該物料暫置於該容置槽,以供備用;一組裝模組,安置在該機座上,且位於該供料模組的一側,該組裝模組具有一第二升降位移機構及一第二夾持機構,在啟動組裝作業,經由該第二升降位移機構操作該第二夾持機構夾取該供料模組上的物料,以進行物料之自動化組裝作業。 A precision assembling machine, comprising: a machine base; a material detection module, which is arranged on the machine base, and has a first lifting displacement mechanism, a working table, a material discriminating mechanism, and a first lifting mechanism The first clamping mechanism connected to the displacement mechanism, when the material to be assembled is placed on the table, the size of the material can be detected through the material discriminating mechanism first. If the test is qualified, the first lifting and displacement mechanism controls the The first clamping mechanism clamps the material on the working table; a feeding module is placed on the machine base and is located on one side of the material detection module, the feeding module has a feeding table, The feeding table is provided with a plurality of accommodating grooves, and the material gripped by the first clamping mechanism can be temporarily placed in the accommodating groove for standby; an assembly module is arranged on the machine base , And located on one side of the feed module, the assembly module has a second lifting and lowering mechanism and a second clamping mechanism, when starting the assembly operation, the second clamping mechanism is operated by the second lifting and shifting mechanism Clamp the material on the feed module to carry out the automatic assembly operation of the material.
  2. 如請求項第1項所述之精密組裝機,其中,該物料判別機構是利用複數個CCD鏡頭作影像判斷,以篩選出供合格使用的物料。 The precision assembly machine as described in item 1 of the claim, wherein the material discriminating mechanism uses a plurality of CCD lenses for image judgment to screen out materials for qualified use.
  3. 如請求項第1項所述之精密組裝機,其中,更包含一供承置該物料的供料盤,該供料盤安置於該工作台上。 The precision assembling machine according to item 1 of the claim, further comprising a feeding tray for receiving the material, and the feeding tray is arranged on the worktable.
  4. 如請求項第1項所述之精密組裝機,其中,該供料模組之供料台上的各該容置槽是環設於外周側。 The precision assembling machine according to item 1 of the claim, wherein each of the accommodating grooves on the feeding table of the feeding module is ring-shaped on the outer peripheral side.
  5. 如請求項第1項所述之精密組裝機,其中,該組裝模組更具有一承載平台及一安置於該承載平台上的治具盤,當該第二夾持機構被位移至該承載平台上時,得將該物料組裝於該治具盤上。 The precision assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein the assembly module further has a bearing platform and a jig plate placed on the bearing platform, when the second clamping mechanism is displaced to the bearing platform When loading, the material may be assembled on the jig plate.
  6. 如請求項第1項所述之精密組裝機,其中,該組裝模組更具有一第二物料 判別機構,當該第二夾持機構已夾取物料時,再經過該第二物料判別機構檢測物料的尺寸,若檢測合格,則繼續組裝作業,若不合格,則進行拋料處理。 The precision assembly machine as described in item 1 of the claim, wherein the assembly module further has a second material The discriminating mechanism, when the second clamping mechanism has gripped the material, then passes through the second material discriminating mechanism to detect the size of the material, if the test is qualified, the assembly operation is continued, and if it is not qualified, the material is thrown.
  7. 如請求項第6項所述之精密組裝機,其中,該第二物料判別機構是利用複數個CCD鏡頭作影像判斷,以篩選並確認物料是否為合格品。 The precision assembly machine as described in item 6 of the claim, wherein the second material discriminating mechanism uses a plurality of CCD lenses for image judgment to screen and confirm whether the material is qualified.
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001043522A1 (en) 1999-12-07 2001-06-14 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Component feeder exchange cart, and mechanism and method for positioning component feeder
CN202799574U (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-13 东莞市新泽谷机械制造股份有限公司 Vertical element plug-in machine with chained feeding mode
TWM503973U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-07-01 wen-hao Dai Assembly module
CN205040151U (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-02-17 厦门文天数码机械有限公司 Multistation LED light source plate kludge

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001043522A1 (en) 1999-12-07 2001-06-14 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Component feeder exchange cart, and mechanism and method for positioning component feeder
CN202799574U (en) * 2012-07-30 2013-03-13 东莞市新泽谷机械制造股份有限公司 Vertical element plug-in machine with chained feeding mode
TWM503973U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-07-01 wen-hao Dai Assembly module
CN205040151U (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-02-17 厦门文天数码机械有限公司 Multistation LED light source plate kludge

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