TWI683636B - Pull-tab assembly device - Google Patents

Pull-tab assembly device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI683636B
TWI683636B TW108107729A TW108107729A TWI683636B TW I683636 B TWI683636 B TW I683636B TW 108107729 A TW108107729 A TW 108107729A TW 108107729 A TW108107729 A TW 108107729A TW I683636 B TWI683636 B TW I683636B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
pull
tab
slider
assembly
clamping
Prior art date
Application number
TW108107729A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW202017500A (en
Inventor
藤本悟
Original Assignee
日商Ykk股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201811327532.0A priority Critical patent/CN111150183A/en
Priority to CN201811327532.0 priority
Application filed by 日商Ykk股份有限公司 filed Critical 日商Ykk股份有限公司
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI683636B publication Critical patent/TWI683636B/en
Publication of TW202017500A publication Critical patent/TW202017500A/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B19/00Slide fasteners
    • A44B19/42Making by processes not fully provided for in one other class, e.g. B21D53/50, B21F45/18, B22D17/16, B29D5/00

Abstract

提供一種拉片組裝裝置。在拉鏈的拉頭主體(15)上組裝拉片的拉片組裝裝置具備拉頭輸送路徑(P1)、翻轉單元(P2)、翻轉驅動部(P3)。拉頭輸送路徑(P1)輸送多個拉頭主體(15)。翻轉單元(P2)具有旋轉軸(21),並將支承拉片(13)的一對拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)以旋轉軸(21)為對稱軸彼此分開地配置。翻轉驅動部(P3)將翻轉單元(P2)以旋轉軸(21)為中心翻轉驅動,使一對拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)交替地配置於被供給拉片(13)的第一位置(PO1)、和在由拉頭輸送路徑(P1)輸送的拉頭主體(15)上組裝拉片(13)的第二位置(PO2)。 Provided is a pull-tab assembly device. The slider assembly device which assembles a slider to the slider main body (15) of a slide fastener has a slider conveyance path (P1), a reversing unit (P2), and a reversing drive part (P3). The slider conveying path (P1) conveys a plurality of slider bodies (15). The turning unit (P2) has a rotating shaft (21), and the pair of pull-tab clamping portions (23A, 23B) supporting the pull-tab (13) are arranged apart from each other with the rotating shaft (21) as a symmetry axis. The turning drive unit (P3) turns and turns the turning unit (P2) around the rotating shaft (21), and alternately arranges the pair of pull-tab clamping units (23A, 23B) on the first side of the supplied pull-tab (13) The position (PO1) and the second position (PO2) where the slider (13) is assembled on the slider body (15) conveyed by the slider conveying path (P1).

Description

拉片組裝裝置 Pull-tab assembly device
本發明是有關於在拉鏈的拉頭主體上組裝拉片的拉片組裝裝置。 The invention relates to a pull-tab assembly device for assembling a pull-tab on a slider body of a slide fastener.
已知一種在拉鏈的拉頭主體上自動地組裝拉片的拉片組裝裝置(例如專利文獻1)。該拉片組裝裝置具備:將拉頭主體依次向多個組裝部輸送的拉頭輸送路徑;與拉頭輸送路徑連接的拉頭供給路徑;配置於拉頭輸送路徑的中途、且用於向拉頭輸送路徑供給拉片的拉片供給路徑;和沿著拉頭輸送路徑間歇地輸送拉頭主體的拉頭輸送機構。 A pull-tab assembly device that automatically assembles a pull-tab on a slider body of a slide fastener is known (for example, Patent Document 1). The slider assembling device includes a slider conveying path that sequentially conveys the slider body to a plurality of assembly parts; a slider supply path connected to the slider conveying path; and is arranged in the middle of the slider conveying path and is used for pulling The slider conveying path for the slider conveying path to the slider; and the slider conveying mechanism for intermittently conveying the slider body along the slider conveying path.
[現有技術文獻] [Prior Art Literature]
[專利文獻] [Patent Literature]
[專利文獻1]日本專利第3581042號公報 [Patent Document 1] Japanese Patent No. 3581042
然而,在上述結構的拉片組裝裝置中,是採用拉片用滑槽作為拉片供給路徑、並通過拉片用滑槽前端的止動件將拉片定位的結構。因此,在更改為形狀不同的其它拉片時,需要進行滑槽的更換、調整等複雜作業。也就是說,難以簡便地應 對多種不同形狀的拉片。 However, in the pull-tab assembly device of the above-described structure, the slide-tab slide groove is used as the pull-tab supply path, and the pull-tab slide stopper at the front end is used to position the pull-tab. Therefore, when changing to other pull tabs with different shapes, complicated operations such as replacement and adjustment of the chute are required. In other words, it is difficult to easily For many different shapes of pull tabs.
本發明是鑒於上述情況而提出的,其目的在於,提供一種能夠簡便地應對多種不同形狀的拉片的拉片組裝裝置。 The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and an object thereof is to provide a pull-tab assembly device that can easily handle pull-tabs of various shapes.
本發明由下述結構構成。 The present invention is composed of the following structure.
一種拉片組裝裝置,在拉鏈的拉頭主體上組裝拉片,該拉片組裝裝置具備:拉頭輸送路徑,其輸送多個所述拉頭主體;翻轉單元,其具有旋轉軸,並將支承所述拉片的一對拉片夾緊部以所述旋轉軸為對稱軸彼此分開地配置;和翻轉驅動部,其將所述翻轉單元以所述旋轉軸為中心翻轉驅動,使一對所述拉片夾緊部交替地配置於第一位置及第二位置,第一位置是被供給所述拉片的位置,第二位置是在由所述拉頭輸送路徑輸送的所述拉頭主體上組裝所述拉片的位置。 A pull-tab assembly device for assembling a pull-tab on a slider body of a zipper, the slider-assembly device includes: a slider conveying path which conveys a plurality of the slider body; a turning unit which has a rotating shaft and supports A pair of pull-tab clamping parts of the pull-tab are arranged separately from each other with the rotation axis as a symmetry axis; and a turning drive part that turns and drives the turning unit about the rotation axis as a center, so that a pair of The slider clamping portion is alternately arranged at a first position and a second position, the first position is a position where the slider is supplied, and the second position is the slider body conveyed by the slider conveying path The assembly position of the pull-tab.
根據本發明,無需使用與拉片的種類對應的專用拉片滑槽(chute),且無需複雜的更換作業就能將各種形狀的拉片簡便地組裝於拉頭主體。 According to the present invention, it is not necessary to use a dedicated pull-chute corresponding to the type of pull-tab, and it is possible to easily assemble pull-tabs of various shapes to the slider body without complicated replacement work.
11‧‧‧拉頭 11‧‧‧ slider
13‧‧‧拉片 13‧‧‧Pull
15‧‧‧拉頭主體 15‧‧‧Head body
15a‧‧‧上翼板 15a‧‧‧wing board
17‧‧‧拉片安裝柱 17‧‧‧Pull tab mounting post
17a‧‧‧基端 17a‧‧‧End
17b‧‧‧自由端 17b‧‧‧Free end
19‧‧‧開口孔 19‧‧‧Opening hole
21‧‧‧旋轉軸 21‧‧‧rotation axis
23A、23B‧‧‧拉片夾緊部 23A, 23B
25‧‧‧台座 25‧‧‧pedestal
27‧‧‧夾具 27‧‧‧Fixture
31‧‧‧夾緊解除桿 31‧‧‧Clamp release lever
33‧‧‧從動件 33‧‧‧Follower
41‧‧‧壓緊框架 41‧‧‧Compression frame
43‧‧‧升降滑塊 43‧‧‧Lifting slider
45‧‧‧沖頭 45‧‧‧Punch
51‧‧‧框架 51‧‧‧Frame
51a‧‧‧上表面 51a‧‧‧upper surface
51b‧‧‧下表面 51b‧‧‧Lower surface
51c‧‧‧斜面 51c‧‧‧Bevel
53‧‧‧貫穿孔 53‧‧‧Through hole
55‧‧‧基座部件 55‧‧‧Base parts
57‧‧‧滾動軸承 57‧‧‧ Rolling bearings
61‧‧‧從動齒輪 61‧‧‧ driven gear
63‧‧‧驅動齒輪 63‧‧‧Drive gear
67‧‧‧第一臂部件(拉片夾緊部) 67‧‧‧ First arm part (tab pull part)
69‧‧‧輥 69‧‧‧roll
71‧‧‧第一旋轉支承部 71‧‧‧The first rotary support
73‧‧‧第二臂部件(拉片夾緊部) 73‧‧‧Second arm part (pull tab clamping part)
75‧‧‧第一彈簧材料 75‧‧‧First spring material
77‧‧‧第二彈簧材料 77‧‧‧Second spring material
79‧‧‧臂旋轉軸 79‧‧‧arm rotation axis
81‧‧‧桿支承部 81‧‧‧ Rod support
83‧‧‧凹槽 83‧‧‧groove
85‧‧‧第一齒輪 85‧‧‧First gear
87‧‧‧卡定銷 87‧‧‧Card fixed
89‧‧‧第二齒輪 89‧‧‧Second gear
94‧‧‧直動從動軸 94‧‧‧straight driven shaft
100‧‧‧拉片組裝裝置 100‧‧‧Pull-tab assembly device
161‧‧‧抵接塊 161‧‧‧ abutment block
163‧‧‧銷(插入部件) 163‧‧‧pin (insert part)
165‧‧‧拉片牽拉機構 165‧‧‧Pulling mechanism
167‧‧‧基座 167‧‧‧Dock
169‧‧‧塊驅動機構 169‧‧‧ block drive mechanism
171‧‧‧連桿機構 171‧‧‧Link mechanism
173‧‧‧第一連桿部件 173‧‧‧First connecting rod
175‧‧‧第二連桿部件 175‧‧‧Second link parts
177‧‧‧連結部件 177‧‧‧Connecting parts
179‧‧‧擺動軸 179‧‧‧swing axis
181‧‧‧拉桿 181‧‧‧Tie rod
183‧‧‧L字形桿 183‧‧‧L-shaped rod
183a‧‧‧L字形桿的一端部 One end of 183a‧‧‧L-shaped rod
183b‧‧‧L字形桿的另一端部 183b‧‧‧L-shaped rod at the other end
185‧‧‧擺動軸 185‧‧‧swing axis
187‧‧‧連結軸 187‧‧‧Coupling shaft
191‧‧‧支承塊 191‧‧‧support block
193‧‧‧第一滑塊 193‧‧‧ First slider
195‧‧‧第一引導塊 195‧‧‧ First guide block
197‧‧‧第一引導塊的槽部 197‧‧‧Slot of the first guide block
199‧‧‧彈簧收容部 199‧‧‧ Spring receiving department
201‧‧‧浮動用彈簧材料 201‧‧‧Floating spring material
203‧‧‧銷 203‧‧‧pin
205‧‧‧銷孔 205‧‧‧pin hole
207‧‧‧止動件 207‧‧‧stop
209‧‧‧止動件 209‧‧‧stop
211‧‧‧第二滑塊(滑動部件) 211‧‧‧Second slider (sliding part)
213‧‧‧第二引導塊 213‧‧‧The second guide block
215‧‧‧第二引導塊的槽部 215‧‧‧Slot of the second guide block
217‧‧‧浮動用彈簧材料 217‧‧‧ Floating spring material
219‧‧‧銷 219‧‧‧pin
221‧‧‧銷孔 221‧‧‧pin hole
223‧‧‧前端突起部 223‧‧‧ Front protrusion
225‧‧‧桿部件 225‧‧‧Bar parts
225a‧‧‧桿部件的一端部 225a‧‧‧One end of the rod part
225b‧‧‧桿部件的另一端部 225b‧‧‧The other end of the rod part
227‧‧‧軸(旋轉支承部) 227‧‧‧shaft (rotation support)
229‧‧‧彈簧材料 229‧‧‧Spring material
231‧‧‧推輥 231‧‧‧Push roller
233‧‧‧推輥支承部 233‧‧‧Push roller support
229‧‧‧彈簧材料 229‧‧‧Spring material
Ax1‧‧‧軸線 Ax1‧‧‧Axis
M1‧‧‧方向 M1‧‧‧ direction
M2‧‧‧方向 M2‧‧‧ direction
N1‧‧‧方向 N1‧‧‧ direction
P、PA、QA、QB‧‧‧箭頭 P, PA, QA, QB‧‧‧arrow
PD1、PD2、PD3、PD4、PD5、PD6‧‧‧方向 PD1, PD2, PD3, PD4, PD5, PD6
PO1‧‧‧拉片供給位置 PO1‧‧‧ Pull tab supply position
PO2‧‧‧拉片組裝位置 PO2‧‧‧Pull-tab assembly position
P1‧‧‧拉頭輸送路徑 P1‧‧‧Puller delivery path
P2‧‧‧翻轉單元 P2‧‧‧Flip unit
P3‧‧‧翻轉驅動部 P3‧‧‧Flip drive unit
P4‧‧‧定位單元 P4‧‧‧Positioning unit
P5‧‧‧壓緊單元 P5‧‧‧Compression unit
STD‧‧‧拉頭輸送方向 STD‧‧‧Transport direction of slider
α‧‧‧傾斜角 α‧‧‧Tilt angle
圖1是拉片組裝裝置的主要部分主視圖。 FIG. 1 is a front view of a main part of a pull-tab assembly device.
圖2是拉頭的分解立體圖。 2 is an exploded perspective view of the slider.
圖3是翻轉單元的立體圖。 Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the reversing unit.
圖4是翻轉單元的主視圖。 4 is a front view of the flip unit.
圖5是表示將翻轉單元的拉片供給位置處的夾具(clamper)解除夾緊後的狀態的動作說明圖。 5 is an operation explanatory diagram showing a state after the clamp at the pull-tab supply position of the reversing unit is released from clamping.
圖6是拉片組裝位置的放大立體圖。 6 is an enlarged perspective view of the pull-tab assembly position.
圖7是概要地表示翻轉單元的內部結構的翻轉單元的概要結構圖。 7 is a schematic configuration diagram of a reversing unit that schematically shows the internal structure of the reversing unit.
圖8是從前方觀察到的定位單元的正面立體圖。 8 is a front perspective view of the positioning unit viewed from the front.
圖9是定位單元的俯視圖。 9 is a plan view of the positioning unit.
圖10是從後方觀察到的定位單元的背面立體圖。 10 is a rear perspective view of the positioning unit viewed from the rear.
圖11是表示塊驅動機構的概要結構的局部剖視結構圖。 11 is a partial cross-sectional configuration diagram showing a schematic configuration of a block driving mechanism.
圖12是表示拉片牽拉機構的概要結構的局部剖視結構圖。 12 is a partial cross-sectional configuration diagram showing a schematic configuration of a pull-tab pulling mechanism.
圖13是表示拉片供給位置處的定位單元的動作的動作說明圖。 13 is an operation explanatory view showing the operation of the positioning unit at the pull-tab supply position.
圖14(A)~圖14(C)是階段性表示拉片牽拉機構的動作的動作說明圖。 14(A) to 14(C) are operation explanatory views showing the operation of the pull-tab pulling mechanism in stages.
以下,參照附圖對本發明的實施方式進行具體說明。 Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
圖1是拉片組裝裝置100的主要部分主視圖,圖2是設有拉片13的拉頭的分解立體圖。 FIG. 1 is a front view of main parts of a pull-tab assembly device 100, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a slider provided with a pull-tab 13.
本結構的拉片組裝裝置100是在被間歇輸送的各個拉頭主體15(參照圖2)上組裝拉片13的裝置。拉片組裝裝置100具備拉頭輸送路徑P1、翻轉單元P2、翻轉驅動部P3、定位單元P4、和壓緊單元P5。 The pull-tab assembly apparatus 100 of this structure is an apparatus which assembles the pull-tab 13 on each slider main body 15 (refer FIG. 2) conveyed intermittently. The pull-tab assembly device 100 includes a slider transport path P1, a reversing unit P2, a reversing driving unit P3, a positioning unit P4, and a pressing unit P5.
在以下的說明中,在圖1所示的拉片組裝裝置100中,上下左右的各方向設為從正面觀察裝置時的方向,將朝向裝置近前側的方向設為前方,將朝向裝置裡側的方向設為後方。 In the following description, in the pull-tab assembly device 100 shown in FIG. 1, the up, down, left, and right directions are the directions when the device is viewed from the front, the direction toward the front side of the device is taken as the front, and the direction toward the back side of the device The direction is set to the rear.
如圖2所示,拉頭11具有拉片安裝柱17,拉片安裝柱17的基端17a與拉頭主體15的上翼板15a連結,而拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b未與上翼板15a連結。拉片13在長度方向一端側形成有開口孔19。拉片13的開口孔19側的一端部插入至拉頭11的拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b與拉頭主體15的上翼板15a之間的間隙。也就是說,在拉片13的開口孔19內插入拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b。然後,拉頭11在從拉片13的開口孔19插入了拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b的狀態下被從上方沿箭頭P所示的方向對拉片安裝柱17加壓。由此,拉片安裝柱17被壓緊,從而防止拉片13從拉片安裝柱17脫落。 As shown in FIG. 2, the slider 11 has a tab mounting post 17. The base end 17 a of the tab mounting post 17 is connected to the upper wing plate 15 a of the slider body 15, and the free end 17 b of the tab mounting post 17 is not connected to the top. The flap 15a is connected. The handle 13 has an opening 19 formed at one end in the longitudinal direction. One end of the opening 13 side of the slider 13 is inserted into the gap between the free end 17b of the slider mounting post 17 of the slider 11 and the upper wing plate 15a of the slider body 15. That is, the free end 17b of the pull-tab mounting post 17 is inserted into the opening hole 19 of the pull-tab 13. Then, the slider 11 is pressurized from above in the direction indicated by the arrow P with the free end 17b of the tab mounting post 17 inserted from the opening 19 of the tab 13. As a result, the pull-tab mounting post 17 is compressed, thereby preventing the pull-tab 13 from falling off from the pull-tab mounting post 17.
圖1所示的拉片組裝裝置100將上述的拉頭主體15和拉片13分開輸送,在拉片安裝柱17上組裝拉片13並將拉片安裝柱17壓緊,由此製作帶拉片的拉頭11。以下,對拉頭輸送路徑P1、翻轉單元P2、翻轉驅動部P3、定位單元P4、壓緊單元P5分別進行說明。 The pull-tab assembly device 100 shown in FIG. 1 conveys the above-mentioned slider body 15 and pull-tab 13 separately, assembles the pull-tab 13 on the pull-tab mounting post 17 and compresses the pull-tab mounting post 17, thereby producing a tape pull片的拉头11。 The slider 11. Hereinafter, the slider conveying path P1, the reversing unit P2, the reversing driving unit P3, the positioning unit P4, and the pressing unit P5 will be described respectively.
拉頭輸送路徑P1是在輸送路徑的鉛垂面內描繪矩形軌跡而工作的間歇輸送式輸送路徑,多個拉頭主體15分別沿輸送方向在維持著規定的固定間隔的狀態下被依次輸送。本結構的拉頭輸送路徑P1從圖1的右側朝向左側輸送拉頭主體15。 The slider conveying path P1 is an intermittent conveying conveying path that operates by drawing a rectangular trajectory in the vertical plane of the conveying path, and the plurality of slider bodies 15 are sequentially conveyed while maintaining a predetermined fixed interval along the conveying direction. The slider conveyance path P1 of this structure conveys the slider body 15 from the right side of FIG. 1 toward the left side.
圖3是翻轉單元P2的立體圖,圖4是翻轉單元P2的主視圖。 FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the reversing unit P2, and FIG. 4 is a front view of the reversing unit P2.
如圖3、圖4所示,翻轉單元P2具有旋轉軸21,該旋轉 軸21沿著相對於拉頭輸送路徑P1的拉頭輸送方向STD(圖中左右方向)以傾斜角α為45°的方式傾斜的軸線Ax1,翻轉單元P2以旋轉軸21為中心旋轉自如地被支承。支承拉片13的一對拉片夾緊部23A、23B以旋轉軸21為對稱軸從旋轉軸21遠離彼此相等的距離而配置在翻轉單元P2上。也就是說,拉片夾緊部23A、23B相對於軸線Ax1配置在彼此相等的半徑距離。 As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the turning unit P2 has a rotating shaft 21, which rotates The shaft 21 is inclined along an axis Ax1 inclined at an inclination angle α of 45° with respect to the slider conveying direction STD (left-right direction in the figure) of the slider conveying path P1, and the reversing unit P2 is freely rotatable around the rotating shaft 21 Support. The pair of pull-tab clamping portions 23A and 23B that support the pull-tab 13 are disposed on the reversing unit P2 with the rotary shaft 21 as the axis of symmetry away from the rotary shaft 21 by an equal distance from each other. That is, the pull-tab clamping portions 23A and 23B are arranged at equal radial distances from each other with respect to the axis Ax1.
拉片夾緊部23A、23B在圖3、圖4所示的狀態下配置如下:一方的拉片夾緊部23A配置於供給拉片13的拉片供給位置(第一位置)PO1,另一方的拉片夾緊部23B配置於將拉片13向由拉頭輸送路徑P1輸送的拉頭主體15組裝的拉片組裝位置(第二位置)PO2。通過之後詳細說明的翻轉驅動部P3(參照圖1),將翻轉單元P2從該狀態以軸線Ax1上的旋轉軸21為中心旋轉180度而翻轉驅動,由此將拉片夾緊部23A配置於拉片組裝位置PO2,並將拉片夾緊部23B配置於拉片供給位置PO1。也就是說,翻轉驅動部P3使一對拉片夾緊部23A、23B交替地配置於拉片供給位置PO1和拉片組裝位置PO2。 In the state shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the pull-tab clamping parts 23A and 23B are arranged as follows: one pull-tab clamping part 23A is arranged at the pull-tab supply position (first position) PO1 for supplying the pull-tab 13 and the other The pull-tab clamping portion 23B is arranged at a pull-tab assembly position (second position) PO2 that assembles the pull-tab 13 to the slider body 15 transported by the slider transport path P1. The flip drive unit P3 (refer to FIG. 1 ), which will be described in detail later, rotates the flip unit P2 from this state by 180 degrees around the rotating shaft 21 on the axis Ax1 to invert the drive, thereby arranging the pull-tab clamping unit 23A at The pull-tab assembly position PO2, and the pull-tab clamping part 23B is arrange|positioned at the pull-tab supply position PO1. In other words, the reversing drive unit P3 alternately arranges the pair of pull-tab clamping parts 23A and 23B at the pull-tab supply position PO1 and the pull-tab assembly position PO2.
拉片夾緊部23A、23B具備載置拉片13的平坦的台座25、和將拉片13沿拉片厚度方向夾緊於台座25的夾具27。台座25在拉片供給位置PO1與拉頭輸送方向STD平行而變為水平方向,在拉片組裝位置PO2與拉頭輸送方向STD交叉而變為鉛垂方向。此外,為了防止拉片13的滑動、損傷,台座25的表面優選鋪設樹脂板或樹脂片等防滑用部件。 The handle clamping parts 23A and 23B include a flat base 25 on which the handle 13 is placed, and a jig 27 that clamps the handle 13 to the base 25 in the thickness direction of the handle. The pedestal 25 is parallel to the slider transport direction STD at the slider supply position PO1 and becomes the horizontal direction, and crosses the slider transport direction STD at the slider assembly position PO2 to become the vertical direction. In addition, in order to prevent slippage and damage of the pull tab 13, it is preferable to lay a non-slip member such as a resin plate or a resin sheet on the surface of the base 25.
圖5是表示將翻轉單元P2的拉片供給位置PO1處的夾 具27解除夾緊後的狀態的動作說明圖。 5 is a diagram showing the clip at the position PO1 where the pull-tab of the reversing unit P2 is supplied The operation explanatory view of the state after the tool 27 is released from clamping.
通過將設於後述的夾緊解除桿31的前端的從動件33如圖中箭頭PA所示按下,拉片供給位置PO1的夾具27如圖中箭頭QA所示解除夾緊。在該狀態下,拉片13由未圖示的機械臂等拉片輸送機構供給至拉片供給位置PO1的台座25上。 When the follower 33 provided at the front end of the clamp release lever 31 to be described later is pressed as shown by arrow PA in the figure, the clamp 27 of the pull-tab supply position PO1 is released from clamping as shown by arrow QA in the figure. In this state, the pull-tab 13 is supplied to the pedestal 25 of the pull-tab supply position PO1 by a pull-tab transport mechanism such as a robot arm (not shown).
另外,在拉頭輸送路徑P1中,以使拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b朝向拉頭輸送方向STD的前方的方式輸送拉頭主體15。由此,在拉片組裝位置PO2的拉片夾緊部23B所支承的拉片13的開口孔19內插入拉片安裝柱17的自由端17b。此時,拉片組裝位置PO2的夾具27成為在拉頭主體15的拉片安裝柱17插入有拉片13的開口孔19的狀態。在該狀態下,拉片13在因拉頭主體15的輸送而向圖中箭頭QB所示的方向傾斜的同時被夾緊於台座25。 In addition, in the slider conveyance path P1, the slider body 15 is conveyed so that the free end 17b of the handle attachment post 17 may be ahead in the slider conveyance direction STD. As a result, the free end 17b of the handle attachment post 17 is inserted into the opening hole 19 of the handle 13 supported by the handle clamping portion 23B of the handle assembly position PO2. At this time, the jig 27 of the pull-tab assembly position PO2 is in a state where the opening 19 of the pull-tab 13 is inserted into the pull-tab mounting post 17 of the slider body 15. In this state, the slider 13 is clamped to the pedestal 25 while being inclined in the direction indicated by the arrow QB in the drawing due to the transportation of the slider body 15.
即,在翻轉單元P2中,首先,將拉片供給位置PO1的拉片夾緊部23A解除夾緊,並通過機械臂等拉片輸送機構將拉片13載置到台座25上。載置於台座25上的拉片13由拉片夾緊部23B的夾具27夾緊。然後,通過翻轉驅動部P3將翻轉單元P2以軸線Ax1為中心翻轉180度而翻轉驅動,拉片夾緊部23A從拉片供給位置PO1移動至拉片組裝位置PO2。在拉片組裝位置PO2,將由夾具27夾緊的拉片13安裝於由拉頭輸送路徑P1輸送的拉頭主體15的拉片安裝柱17。 That is, in the reversing unit P2, first, the handle clamping part 23A of the handle supply position PO1 is unclamped, and the handle 13 is placed on the pedestal 25 by a handle conveying mechanism such as a robot arm. The slider 13 placed on the base 25 is clamped by the clamp 27 of the slider clamping part 23B. Then, the reversing unit P2 is turned 180 degrees around the axis Ax1 by the reversing drive unit P3, and the pull-tab clamping unit 23A moves from the pull-tab supply position PO1 to the pull-tab assembly position PO2. At the pull-tab assembly position PO2, the pull-tab 13 clamped by the jig 27 is attached to the pull-tab mounting post 17 of the slider main body 15 conveyed by the slider conveyance path P1.
圖6是拉片組裝位置PO2的放大立體圖。 6 is an enlarged perspective view of the pull-tab assembly position PO2.
在拉頭輸送路徑P1的拉片組裝位置PO2配置有將拉頭主體15的拉片安裝柱17壓緊的壓緊單元P5。壓緊單元P5具有 升降自如地設於壓緊框架41上的升降滑塊43。升降滑塊43具有配置於拉頭主體15的拉片安裝柱17的上方的沖頭45,通過相對於壓緊框架41的下降動作來按壓並壓緊拉片安裝柱17。 拉片安裝柱17被壓緊而安裝了拉片13的拉頭11在拉頭輸送路徑P1上被朝向輸送方向下游側輸送。 At the slider assembly position PO2 of the slider conveyance path P1, a pressing unit P5 for pressing the slider mounting post 17 of the slider body 15 is arranged. The pressing unit P5 has The lift slider 43 provided on the hold-down frame 41 is freely liftable. The lifting slider 43 has a punch 45 disposed above the pull-tab mounting post 17 of the slider body 15, and presses and presses the pull-tab mounting post 17 by the lowering operation with respect to the pressing frame 41. The slider attachment column 17 is compressed, and the slider 11 to which the slider 13 is attached is conveyed toward the downstream side in the conveyance direction on the slider conveyance path P1.
根據上述結構的翻轉單元P2,拉片13的供給側和拉片13的組裝側各自分開地配置。因此,能夠將在拉片供給位置PO1進行了定位的拉片13在維持著其定位狀態的情況下配置於拉片組裝位置PO2。因此,拉片供給時與拉片組裝時的位置誤差變小,能夠事先防止拉片13未進入拉片安裝柱而被誤輸送等組裝錯誤。 另外,由於是在平坦的台座25上載置拉片13並將其夾緊的結構,所以無需複雜的調整作業就能將形狀不同的各種拉片13簡單地向拉頭主體組裝。另外,即使是特殊形狀的拉片,也能容易地應對。 According to the reversing unit P2 of the above structure, the supply side of the pull-tab 13 and the assembly side of the pull-tab 13 are separately arranged. Therefore, the handle 13 positioned at the handle supply position PO1 can be arranged at the handle assembly position PO2 while maintaining its positioning state. Therefore, the positional error between the pull-tab supply and the pull-tab assembly is reduced, and it is possible to prevent the pull-tab 13 from entering the pull-tab mounting post and being mistakenly transported or other assembly errors in advance. In addition, since the pull tab 13 is placed and clamped on the flat base 25, various pull tabs 13 having different shapes can be easily assembled to the slider body without complicated adjustment work. In addition, even special-shaped pull tabs can be easily handled.
以往,每次變更拉片13的種類都更換成專用的拉片供給滑槽並進行調整,但根據本結構,不再需要這種複雜的更換作業。另外,由於是基於彈簧的彈力進行的夾緊,所以也不再需要進行夾緊力的調整。因此,能夠簡單且迅速地進行更換,由此,拉頭的生產性提高,也能實現高效率的自動生產。 Conventionally, every time the type of the pull tab 13 is changed, it is replaced with a dedicated pull tab supply chute and adjusted. However, according to this structure, such a complicated replacement operation is no longer necessary. In addition, since the clamping is based on the elastic force of the spring, it is no longer necessary to adjust the clamping force. Therefore, the replacement can be performed simply and quickly, thereby improving the productivity of the slider and realizing efficient automatic production.
在此,對上述翻轉單元P2的更具體的機構及其動作進行說明。 Here, a more specific mechanism and operation of the reversing unit P2 will be described.
圖7是概要地表示翻轉單元P2的內部結構的翻轉單元P2的概要結構圖。 7 is a schematic configuration diagram of the reversing unit P2 that schematically shows the internal structure of the reversing unit P2.
如圖5、圖7所示,翻轉單元P2將正面觀察時為梯形形狀 的框架51作為基體。框架51是以軸線Ax1為中心的對稱形狀,具有上表面51a、下表面51b和一對斜面51c。一對斜面51c以45°的傾斜角與軸線Ax1交叉而成為彼此正交的面。 As shown in Figures 5 and 7, the flip unit P2 has a trapezoidal shape when viewed from the front The frame 51 serves as a base. The frame 51 is a symmetrical shape centered on the axis Ax1, and has an upper surface 51a, a lower surface 51b, and a pair of inclined surfaces 51c. The pair of inclined surfaces 51c intersect the axis Ax1 at an inclination angle of 45° and become mutually orthogonal surfaces.
在框架51中形成有沿著軸線Ax1貫穿上表面51a和下表面51b的貫穿孔53。在貫穿孔53內插入有固定於基座部件55的旋轉軸21。旋轉軸21經由滾動軸承57將框架51以旋轉自如的方式支承。 The frame 51 is formed with a through hole 53 penetrating the upper surface 51a and the lower surface 51b along the axis Ax1. The rotating shaft 21 fixed to the base member 55 is inserted into the through hole 53. The rotating shaft 21 rotatably supports the frame 51 via a rolling bearing 57.
在框架51的成為基座部件55側的下表面51b側安裝有從動齒輪61。在從動齒輪61的內周面穿插有旋轉軸21,從動齒輪61與旋轉軸21的旋轉一起旋轉。從動齒輪61與之後詳細說明的驅動齒輪63(參照圖7)嚙合,通過驅動齒輪63的驅動來翻轉驅動框架51。 The driven gear 61 is attached to the lower surface 51b side of the frame 51 on the base member 55 side. The rotating shaft 21 is inserted into the inner peripheral surface of the driven gear 61, and the driven gear 61 rotates together with the rotation of the rotating shaft 21. The driven gear 61 meshes with a drive gear 63 (refer to FIG. 7) described in detail later, and the drive frame 51 is reversed by the drive of the drive gear 63.
在框架51的一對斜面51c上配置有前述的拉片夾緊部23A、23B。由於拉片夾緊部23A、23B及其驅動機構是以軸線Ax1為對稱軸的相同結構,所以在此對拉片夾緊部23A及其驅動機構進行說明。 The pair of inclined surfaces 51c of the frame 51 are provided with the aforementioned pull-tab clamping portions 23A and 23B. Since the handle clamping parts 23A and 23B and its driving mechanism have the same structure with the axis Ax1 as the axis of symmetry, the handle clamping unit 23A and its driving mechanism will be described here.
拉片夾緊部23A的台座25與框架51的斜面51c平行地配置。在台座25的上表面側以被朝向台座25彈性施力的方式配置有夾具27。夾具27具有跨著台座25的前後方向設置的第一臂部件67(同時參照圖3)、與台座25平行地被支承的輥69、和第一旋轉支承部71。第一旋轉支承部71將第一臂部件67與第二臂部件73旋轉自如地連結。在第二臂部件73與第一臂部件67之間 設有第一彈簧材料75。第一彈簧材料75是對第一臂部件67以第一旋轉支承部71為中心向圖中順時針方向施力的拉伸彈簧。第一臂部件67通過未圖示的止動件而被限制向圖中順時針方向的旋轉移動。也就是說,第一臂部件67以第一旋轉支承部71為中心被向圖中順時針方向施力並且沿圖中逆時針方向旋轉自如地被支承。 The pedestal 25 of the pull-tab clamping portion 23A is arranged parallel to the inclined surface 51c of the frame 51. A jig 27 is arranged on the upper surface side of the pedestal 25 so as to be elastically biased toward the pedestal 25. The jig 27 has a first arm member 67 (refer to FIG. 3 at the same time) provided across the front-rear direction of the pedestal 25, a roller 69 supported in parallel with the pedestal 25, and a first rotation support portion 71. The first rotation support portion 71 rotatably connects the first arm member 67 and the second arm member 73. Between the second arm member 73 and the first arm member 67 The first spring material 75 is provided. The first spring material 75 is a tension spring that urges the first arm member 67 clockwise in the figure around the first rotation support portion 71. The first arm member 67 is restricted from rotating in the clockwise direction in the drawing by a stopper (not shown). In other words, the first arm member 67 is urged clockwise in the figure with the first rotation support 71 as the center, and is rotatably supported in the counterclockwise direction in the figure.
另外,關於第二臂部件73,在其與拉片組裝位置PO2側的另一方第二臂部件73之間懸掛有第二彈簧材料77。第二彈簧材料77是對第二臂部件73以臂旋轉軸79為中心向圖中順時針方向施力的拉伸彈簧。 In addition, as for the second arm member 73, a second spring material 77 is suspended between the second arm member 73 on the side of the pull-tab assembly position PO2. The second spring material 77 is a tension spring that urges the second arm member 73 clockwise in the figure about the arm rotation axis 79.
也就是說,夾具27通過由第二彈簧材料77對第一臂部件67和第二臂部件73向圖中順時針方向施力而產生向台座25的推壓力。另外,第一臂部件67也通過第一彈簧材料75而被向台座25施力。因此,夾具27將基於第一彈簧材料75及第二彈簧材料77的不同方向上的力合成,從而經由輥69使拉片13確實地保持在台座25上。 That is, the clamp 27 generates a pressing force to the pedestal 25 by urging the first arm member 67 and the second arm member 73 clockwise in the figure by the second spring material 77. In addition, the first arm member 67 is also urged to the pedestal 25 by the first spring material 75. Therefore, the jig 27 combines forces in different directions based on the first spring material 75 and the second spring material 77 to reliably hold the pull tab 13 on the pedestal 25 via the roller 69.
接著,對夾具27的夾緊解除進行說明。 Next, the unclamping of the jig 27 will be described.
在框架51的上表面51a設有將L字形的夾緊解除桿31以能夠擺動的方式支承的桿支承部81。在夾緊解除桿31的一端部設有從動件33,並在另一端部形成有凹槽83。 The upper surface 51 a of the frame 51 is provided with a lever support portion 81 that supports the L-shaped clamping release lever 31 in a swingable manner. A follower 33 is provided at one end of the clamp release lever 31, and a groove 83 is formed at the other end.
在夾緊解除桿31的凹槽83中卡定有從支承於框架51上的第一齒輪85的外周部端面向軸向外側突出的卡定銷87。第一 齒輪85與和臂旋轉軸79同軸設置的第二齒輪89嚙合。 In the groove 83 of the clamp release lever 31, a locking pin 87 protruding outward from the end face of the outer peripheral portion of the first gear 85 supported on the frame 51 in the axial direction is locked. the first The gear 85 meshes with a second gear 89 provided coaxially with the arm rotation shaft 79.
因此,當從動件33被按下時,夾緊解除桿31以桿支承部81為中心旋轉,將卡定於凹槽83內的卡定銷87沿第一齒輪85的周向驅動。這樣,第一齒輪85沿圖中順時針方向旋轉,將第二齒輪89沿圖中逆時針方向驅動。當第二齒輪89被沿圖中逆時針方向驅動時,第二臂部件73與第二齒輪89一體地沿圖中逆時針方向旋轉,夾具27向背離台座25的方向旋轉(參照圖5的箭頭QA)。由此,基於夾具27的夾緊被解除。 Therefore, when the follower 33 is pressed, the clamp release lever 31 rotates about the lever support 81 and drives the locking pin 87 locked in the groove 83 in the circumferential direction of the first gear 85. In this way, the first gear 85 rotates clockwise in the figure, and drives the second gear 89 counterclockwise in the figure. When the second gear 89 is driven in the counterclockwise direction in the figure, the second arm member 73 and the second gear 89 rotate in the counterclockwise direction in the figure, and the clamp 27 rotates away from the pedestal 25 (refer to the arrow in FIG. 5) QA). Thereby, the clamping by the clamp 27 is released.
而且,當解除夾緊解除桿31的從動件33的按下時,第二臂部件73通過第二彈簧材料77的彈性復原力而沿圖中順時針方向旋轉。這樣,經由第二齒輪89和第一齒輪85將卡定銷87沿周向驅動,夾緊解除桿31恢復到原來的位置。由此,基於夾具27的夾緊再次開始。 When the follower 33 of the clamp release lever 31 is released, the second arm member 73 rotates clockwise in the figure by the elastic restoring force of the second spring material 77. In this way, the locking pin 87 is driven in the circumferential direction via the second gear 89 and the first gear 85, and the clamp release lever 31 returns to the original position. Thereby, the clamping by the jig 27 starts again.
接著,對圖1所示的將翻轉單元P2翻轉驅動的翻轉驅動部P3進行說明。 Next, the reversing drive unit P3 shown in FIG. 1 that reversely drives the reversing unit P2 will be described.
雖省略圖示,但翻轉驅動部P3將直動從動軸作為驅動源,該直動從動軸設於拉片組裝裝置100的下部,且通過由馬達旋轉驅動的曲柄機構或凸輪機構進行升降動作。另外,前述的壓緊單元P5、後述的定位單元P4也同樣將直動從動軸作為動力源來動作。各直動從動軸通過曲柄機構或凸輪機構在規定的定時進行升降動作。由此,能夠容易地使各部分的動作定時同步。 Although not shown, the reversing drive unit P3 uses a linear motion driven shaft as a drive source, which is provided at the lower portion of the pull-tab assembly device 100 and is raised and lowered by a crank mechanism or a cam mechanism that is rotationally driven by a motor action. In addition, the aforementioned pressing unit P5 and the positioning unit P4 described later also operate using the linearly driven shaft as a power source. Each of the linearly driven driven shafts moves up and down at a predetermined timing by a crank mechanism or a cam mechanism. Thereby, the operation timing of each part can be easily synchronized.
接著,對定位單元P4進行說明。 Next, the positioning unit P4 will be described.
圖8是從前方觀察到的定位單元P4的正面立體圖,圖9 是定位單元P4的俯視圖,圖10是從後方觀察到的定位單元P4的背面立體圖。 8 is a front perspective view of the positioning unit P4 viewed from the front, FIG. 9 FIG. 10 is a plan view of the positioning unit P4, and FIG. 10 is a rear perspective view of the positioning unit P4 viewed from the rear.
定位單元P4與圖1所示的拉片供給位置PO1的拉片夾緊部23A相對地配置,將供給至拉片夾緊部23A的拉片13定位於規定位置。如圖8~圖10所示,該定位單元P4具備與拉片供給位置PO1的拉片夾緊部23A相面對地配置的抵接塊161、和拉片牽拉機構165。拉片牽拉機構165具備具有能夠插入至拉片13的開口孔19(參照圖2)的直徑的銷(插入部件)163,將該銷163以插入至拉片13的開口孔19內的狀態向抵接塊161牽拉。作為插入部件的銷163只要是能夠插入至拉片13的開口孔19並使拉片13移動的形狀即可,並不限於銷形狀,也可以是其它形狀或部件。 The positioning unit P4 is disposed opposite to the handle clamping part 23A of the handle supply position PO1 shown in FIG. 1, and positions the handle 13 supplied to the handle clamping part 23A at a predetermined position. As shown in FIGS. 8 to 10, the positioning unit P4 includes a contact block 161 and a pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 that are arranged to face the pull-tab clamping portion 23A of the pull-tab supply position PO1. The pull-tab pull mechanism 165 includes a pin (insertion member) 163 having a diameter that can be inserted into the opening 19 (see FIG. 2) of the pull-tab 13, and the pin 163 is inserted into the opening 19 of the pull-tab 13 Pull toward the abutment block 161. The pin 163 as an insertion member may be any shape that can be inserted into the opening 19 of the pull-tab 13 and moves the pull-tab 13, and is not limited to the pin shape, and may be other shapes or components.
如圖9所示,驅動抵接塊161的塊驅動機構169和拉片牽拉機構165並列設於基座167上。塊驅動機構169和拉片牽拉機構165分別與連桿機構171連接,通過連桿機構171能夠進行圖中左右方向的進退移動等。 As shown in FIG. 9, the block driving mechanism 169 and the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 that drive the contact block 161 are arranged in parallel on the base 167. The block driving mechanism 169 and the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 are respectively connected to the link mechanism 171, and the link mechanism 171 can move forward and backward in the left-right direction in the figure.
連桿機構171具有第一連桿部件173、第二連桿部件175、和連結部件177。第一連桿部件173的圖中左側的一端部與支承抵接塊161的塊驅動機構169連接。第二連桿部件175的圖中左側的一端部與拉片牽拉機構165連接。連結部件177將第一連桿部件173的另一端部與第二連桿部件175的另一端部隔著擺動軸179連結,在這些另一端部彼此之間設有將連結部件177擺 動自如地支承的擺動軸179。也就是說,擺動軸179配置在第一連桿部件173的另一端部與第二連桿部件175的另一端部之間。 The link mechanism 171 has a first link member 173, a second link member 175, and a coupling member 177. One end portion of the first link member 173 on the left side in the figure is connected to a block driving mechanism 169 that supports the contact block 161. The left end of the second link member 175 in the figure is connected to the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165. The connecting member 177 connects the other end of the first link member 173 and the other end of the second link member 175 via the swing shaft 179, and a swing member 177 is provided between these other ends The swing shaft 179 is movably supported. In other words, the swing shaft 179 is arranged between the other end of the first link member 173 and the other end of the second link member 175.
如圖10所示,連結部件177在從擺動軸179跨過第一連桿部件173的端部與拉桿181連結。拉桿181在連結部件177側的相反側的端部與L字形桿183的一端部183a連結。L字形桿183通過設於L字的彎曲部的擺動軸185而擺動自如地支承在基座167上。L字形桿183的另一端部183b與直動從動軸94連接。 As shown in FIG. 10, the connecting member 177 is connected to the tie rod 181 at the end that crosses the first link member 173 from the swing shaft 179. The end of the tie rod 181 on the opposite side to the connecting member 177 is connected to the one end 183 a of the L-shaped rod 183. The L-shaped lever 183 is swingably supported on the base 167 by a swing shaft 185 provided in an L-shaped bent portion. The other end 183b of the L-shaped lever 183 is connected to the linear driven shaft 94.
根據該連桿機構171,當直動從動軸94進行升降動作(圖中PD1方向)時,L字形桿183擺動(圖中PD2方向),使拉桿181往復運動(圖中PD3方向)。這樣,通過連結部件177的擺動(圖中PD4方向),第一連桿部件173和第二連桿部件175往復運動(圖中PD5、PD6方向)。此時,第一連桿部件173與第二連桿部件175成為彼此相反方向的移動,當一方向右移動時,另一方向左移動。 According to this link mechanism 171, when the straight-line driven shaft 94 moves up and down (in the PD1 direction in the figure), the L-shaped lever 183 swings (in the PD2 direction in the figure), and the pull rod 181 reciprocates (in the PD3 direction in the figure). In this way, the first link member 173 and the second link member 175 reciprocate (the PD5 and PD6 directions in the figure) by the swing of the coupling member 177 (the PD4 direction in the figure). At this time, the first link member 173 and the second link member 175 move in directions opposite to each other. When one direction moves to the right, the other direction moves to the left.
接著,對與上述的連桿機構171連接的拉片牽拉機構165和塊驅動機構169進行更具體的說明。 Next, the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 and the block driving mechanism 169 connected to the link mechanism 171 described above will be described more specifically.
圖11是表示塊驅動機構169的概要結構的局部剖視結構圖。 FIG. 11 is a partial cross-sectional configuration diagram showing the schematic configuration of the block driving mechanism 169.
在基座167上固定有支承塊191。支承塊191將第一滑塊193的長度方向一端側以向圖中左右方向進退自如的方式支承。第一滑塊193的長度方向另一端側穿插於第一引導塊195的槽部197。在第一滑塊193上連接有設於第一連桿部件173的圖中左側的前端部的連結軸187。 The support block 191 is fixed to the base 167. The support block 191 supports one end side of the first slider 193 in the longitudinal direction so as to advance and retract in the left-right direction in the figure. The other end of the first slider 193 in the longitudinal direction is inserted into the groove 197 of the first guide block 195. The first slider 193 is connected to a coupling shaft 187 provided at the front end portion of the first link member 173 on the left side in the figure.
另外,在第一引導塊195中形成有彈簧收容部199,在該彈簧收容部199內收容有浮動用彈簧材料201。浮動用彈簧材料201是使第一引導塊195相對於第一滑塊193沿圖中左右方向浮動支承的壓縮彈簧。另外,在第一滑塊193的上表面設有銷203。銷203插入至形成於第一引導塊195的長孔形狀的銷孔205。 In addition, a spring accommodating portion 199 is formed in the first guide block 195, and a floating spring material 201 is accommodated in the spring accommodating portion 199. The floating spring material 201 is a compression spring that floatingly supports the first guide block 195 relative to the first slider 193 in the left-right direction in the figure. In addition, a pin 203 is provided on the upper surface of the first slider 193. The pin 203 is inserted into a long hole-shaped pin hole 205 formed in the first guide block 195.
在該第一引導塊195的圖中左側支承有抵接塊161。抵接塊161從動於第一連桿部件173的進退動作,能夠沿圖中左右方向移動。此外,抵接塊161的可移動範圍能夠通過止動件207及止動件209(參照圖9)來調整。 The abutment block 161 is supported on the left side of the first guide block 195 in the figure. The abutment block 161 follows the forward and backward movement of the first link member 173 and can move in the left-right direction in the figure. In addition, the movable range of the contact block 161 can be adjusted by the stopper 207 and the stopper 209 (refer to FIG. 9 ).
圖12是表示拉片牽拉機構165的概要結構的局部剖視結構圖。 FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional configuration diagram showing the schematic configuration of the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165.
支承塊191將第二滑塊211(滑動部件)的長度方向一端側以向圖中左右方向進退自如的方式支承。第二滑塊211的長度方向另一端側穿插於第二引導塊213的槽部215。 The support block 191 supports the one end side of the second slider 211 (sliding member) in the longitudinal direction so as to advance and retract in the left-right direction in the figure. The other end side of the second slider 211 in the longitudinal direction is inserted into the groove portion 215 of the second guide block 213.
在第二引導塊213上連接有與第二滑塊211連接的浮動用彈簧材料217。由此,第二引導塊213沿圖中左右方向浮動支承於第二滑塊211。另外,在第二滑塊211的上表面設有銷219。銷219插入至形成於第二引導塊213的長孔形狀的銷孔221。 A floating spring material 217 connected to the second slider 211 is connected to the second guide block 213. As a result, the second guide block 213 is floatingly supported by the second slider 211 in the left-right direction in the figure. In addition, a pin 219 is provided on the upper surface of the second slider 211. The pin 219 is inserted into the long hole-shaped pin hole 221 formed in the second guide block 213.
另外,第二引導塊213在圖中左側具有環狀的前端突起部223(參照圖8),L字形的桿部件225以軸227(旋轉支承部)為中心旋轉自如地支承於前端突起部223。桿部件225在圖中左側的一端部225a朝向上方突出設置有銷163。另外,在另一端部225b 連接有與第二引導塊213連接的彈簧材料229。彈簧材料229採用彈性常數比浮動用彈簧材料217大的材料。 In addition, the second guide block 213 has a ring-shaped front end protrusion 223 (see FIG. 8) on the left side in the figure, and an L-shaped lever member 225 is rotatably supported by the front end protrusion 223 about a shaft 227 (rotation support portion). . The lever member 225 is provided with a pin 163 protruding upward at one end 225a on the left side in the figure. In addition, at the other end 225b The spring material 229 connected to the second guide block 213 is connected. As the spring material 229, a material having an elastic constant larger than the floating spring material 217 is used.
另外,在第二滑塊211的圖中左側前端固定有支承著推輥(pusher roller)231的推輥支承部233。該推輥231與第二滑塊211成為一體而沿圖中左右方向進退移動。 In addition, a push roller support portion 233 that supports a push roller (pusher roller) 231 is fixed to the left end of the second slider 211 in the figure. The push roller 231 is integrated with the second slider 211 and moves forward and backward in the left-right direction in the figure.
接著,說明基於上述結構的定位單元P4進行的定位動作。 Next, the positioning operation by the positioning unit P4 having the above-mentioned structure will be described.
圖13是表示拉片供給位置PO1處的定位單元P4的動作的動作說明圖。 13 is an operation explanatory view showing the operation of the positioning unit P4 at the pull-tab supply position PO1.
拉片13被供給至拉片夾緊部23A的台座25並由夾具27夾緊在台座25上。在該狀態下,拉片13的開口孔19朝向定位單元P4。 The pull-tab 13 is supplied to the base 25 of the pull-tab clamping part 23A and clamped on the base 25 by the jig 27. In this state, the opening hole 19 of the pull tab 13 faces the positioning unit P4.
根據本結構的定位單元P4,塊驅動機構169經由圖9所示的第一連桿部件173使抵接塊161朝向拉片夾緊部23A移動(圖中N1方向)。另外,拉片牽拉機構165經由圖9所示的第二連桿部件175使與第二滑塊211的工作聯動的桿部件225以軸227為中心旋轉,將銷163插入至拉片13的開口孔19內(圖中M1方向)。之後,將銷163向抵接塊161側牽拉(圖中M2方向)。由此,拉片13的開口孔19側的前端與抵接塊161抵接而被定位。 According to the positioning unit P4 of this configuration, the block driving mechanism 169 moves the abutment block 161 toward the pull-tab clamping portion 23A via the first link member 173 shown in FIG. 9 (N1 direction in the figure). In addition, the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 rotates the lever member 225 linked to the operation of the second slider 211 around the shaft 227 via the second link member 175 shown in FIG. 9, and inserts the pin 163 into the pull-tab 13 Inside the opening 19 (direction M1 in the figure). After that, the pin 163 is pulled toward the contact block 161 side (M2 direction in the figure). As a result, the front end of the pull-tab 13 on the opening hole 19 side is in contact with the contact block 161 to be positioned.
在此,利用圖14(A)~圖14(C)對拉片牽拉機構165的動作進行說明。 Here, the operation of the pull-tab pulling mechanism 165 will be described with reference to FIGS. 14(A) to 14(C).
圖14(A)表示第二連桿部件175向銷163側移動的狀態。與第二連桿部件175連接的第二滑塊211將推輥支承部233的 推輥231推抵於桿部件225。此時,設於第二滑塊211的銷219與長孔形狀的銷孔221的右側一端抵接,使第二引導塊213向銷163側移動。在該情況下,桿部件225以軸227為中心向圖中逆時針方向旋轉,成為銷163向下方下降後的狀態。也就是說,銷163配置於從拉片13的開口孔19脫離的位置。該狀態是將拉片13向拉片夾緊部23A供給之前的狀態,是拉片13定位於拉片夾緊部23A之前的狀態。 FIG. 14(A) shows a state where the second link member 175 moves toward the pin 163 side. The second slider 211 connected to the second link member 175 pushes the roller support portion 233 The push roller 231 pushes against the lever member 225. At this time, the pin 219 provided in the second slider 211 abuts on the right end of the long hole-shaped pin hole 221 to move the second guide block 213 toward the pin 163 side. In this case, the lever member 225 rotates counterclockwise in the figure around the shaft 227, and the pin 163 is lowered downward. In other words, the pin 163 is arranged at a position detached from the opening 19 of the pull tab 13. This state is the state before the handle 13 is supplied to the handle clamping part 23A, and is the state before the handle 13 is positioned before the handle clamping part 23A.
圖14(B)表示從圖14(A)的狀態將第二連桿部件175向圖中PD6所示的方向牽引後的狀態。在該情況下,第二滑塊211由第二連桿部件175向圖中PD6所示的方向牽引。由此,推輥231也被向第二連桿部件175側拉回。這樣,桿部件225通過彈簧材料229的彈性復原力而以軸227為中心向圖中順時針方向旋轉。由此,銷163插入至拉片13的開口孔19內。此時的銷163的動作成為在圖13中也示出的M1的動作。 FIG. 14(B) shows a state where the second link member 175 is pulled in the direction indicated by PD6 in the figure from the state of FIG. 14(A). In this case, the second slider 211 is pulled by the second link member 175 in the direction indicated by PD6 in the figure. As a result, the push roller 231 is also pulled back toward the second link member 175 side. In this way, the lever member 225 rotates clockwise in the figure around the shaft 227 due to the elastic restoring force of the spring material 229. Thus, the pin 163 is inserted into the opening hole 19 of the pull tab 13. The operation of the pin 163 at this time becomes the operation of M1 also shown in FIG. 13.
圖14(C)表示從圖14(B)的狀態進一步將第二連桿部件175向圖中PD6所示的方向牽引後的狀態。在該情況下,銷219與長孔形狀的銷孔221的左側的另一端抵接,第二引導塊213與第二滑塊211一體地移動。銷219能夠在長孔形狀的銷孔221內移動。而且,支承在第二引導塊213的前端突起部223上的桿部件225也被向第二連桿部件175側牽引。這樣,銷163在保持著插入至拉片13的開口孔19內的狀態,被向第二連桿部件175側牽引。此時的銷163的動作成為在圖13中也示出的M2的動作。 FIG. 14(C) shows a state where the second link member 175 is further pulled in the direction shown by PD6 in the figure from the state of FIG. 14(B). In this case, the pin 219 is in contact with the other end on the left side of the long hole-shaped pin hole 221, and the second guide block 213 and the second slider 211 move integrally. The pin 219 can move in the pin hole 221 having a long hole shape. Furthermore, the lever member 225 supported by the front end protrusion 223 of the second guide block 213 is also pulled toward the second link member 175 side. In this way, the pin 163 is pulled toward the second link member 175 while being inserted into the opening 19 of the pull tab 13. The operation of the pin 163 at this time becomes the operation of M2 also shown in FIG. 13.
根據上述的動作,圖8所示的第一連桿部件173與第二 連桿部件175彼此向不同的方向移動。因此,如圖13所示,抵接塊161被朝向拉片13推出,且插入至拉片13的開口孔19內的銷163被向抵接塊161牽拉。因此,能夠將抵接塊161與銷163的相互移動與僅使其中一方移動的情況相比縮短。由此,能夠將拉片13的基於定位的移動控制在最小限度,能夠穩定地維持拉片13的夾緊狀態。 According to the above operation, the first link member 173 shown in FIG. 8 and the second The link members 175 move in different directions from each other. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 13, the abutment block 161 is pushed out toward the pull-tab 13, and the pin 163 inserted into the opening hole 19 of the pull-tab 13 is pulled toward the abutment block 161. Therefore, the mutual movement of the contact block 161 and the pin 163 can be shortened compared with the case where only one of them is moved. Thereby, the positioning-based movement of the handle 13 can be minimized, and the clamped state of the handle 13 can be maintained stably.
這樣,本發明並不限定於上述的實施方式,將實施方式的各結構相互組合或者本領域技術人員基於說明書的記載以及眾所周知的技術進行變更、應用也是本發明的內容,包含在要求保護的範圍內。 In this way, the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and it is also the content of the present invention to combine various structures of the embodiments with each other or to make changes and applications based on the description of the description and well-known technologies by those skilled in the art, and be included in the scope of protection Inside.
如上所述,在本說明書中公開了如下事項。 As described above, the following matters are disclosed in this specification.
(1)一種拉片組裝裝置,在拉鏈的拉頭的拉頭主體上組裝拉片,該拉片組裝裝置具備:拉頭輸送路徑,其輸送多個所述拉頭主體;翻轉單元,其具有旋轉軸,並將支承所述拉片的一對拉片夾緊部以所述旋轉軸為對稱軸彼此分開地配置;和翻轉驅動部,其將所述翻轉單元以所述旋轉軸為中心翻轉驅動,使一對所述拉片夾緊部交替地配置於第一位置及第二位置,第一位置是被供給所述拉片的位置,第二位置是在由所述拉頭輸送路徑輸送的所述拉頭主體上組裝所述拉片的位置。 (1) A slider assembling device for assembling a slider on a slider body of a slider of a zipper, the slider assembling device comprising: a slider conveying path which conveys a plurality of the slider body; and a turning unit which has A rotating shaft, and a pair of pull-tab clamping portions supporting the pull-tabs are arranged apart from each other with the rotating shaft as a symmetry axis; and a turning drive portion that turns the turning unit around the turning shaft Drive to alternately arrange a pair of the pull-tab clamping portions at a first position and a second position, the first position is a position where the pull-tab is supplied, and the second position is conveyed by the slider conveying path The position of assembling the slider on the slider body.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,由於拉片的供給側與拉片的安裝側各自分開地配置,所以能夠以高精度定位拉片,並能在保持著該定位狀態的情況下將拉片配置於安裝側。由此,能夠簡單且迅速地進行更換,拉頭的生產性提高,也能實現高效率的自動 生產。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, since the supply side of the pull-tab and the mounting side of the pull-tab are separately arranged, the pull-tab can be positioned with high accuracy, and the pull-tab can be arranged on the mounting while maintaining the positioning state side. As a result, replacement can be performed simply and quickly, the productivity of the slider is improved, and efficient automatic produce.
(2)根據(1)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述拉片夾緊部具備載置所述拉片的平坦的台座、和將所述拉片沿拉片厚度方向夾緊於所述台座的夾具。 (2) The pull-tab assembly device according to (1), wherein the pull-tab clamping portion includes a flat pedestal on which the pull-tab is placed, and clamps the pull-tab in the thickness direction of the pull-tab The fixture of the pedestal.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,由於是在平坦的台座上載置拉片並將其夾緊的結構,所以無需複雜的調整作業就能將形狀不同的各種拉片簡單地向拉頭主體組裝。另外,即使是特殊形狀的拉片,也能容易地應對。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, since the pull-tab is placed on a flat base and clamped, various pull-tabs of different shapes can be easily assembled to the slider body without complicated adjustment work. In addition, even special-shaped pull tabs can be easily handled.
(3)根據(2)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述旋轉軸以相對於所述拉頭輸送路徑的輸送方向傾斜45°的方式配置,所述拉片夾緊部的所述台座在所述第一位置變為水平方向,在所述第二位置變為鉛垂方向。 (3) The pull-tab assembly device according to (2), wherein the rotating shaft is arranged so as to be inclined at 45° with respect to the conveying direction of the slider conveying path, and the The pedestal becomes a horizontal direction at the first position and a vertical direction at the second position.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,由於第一位置的台座是水平方向的,所以無需使拉片滑動就能將其穩定地供給至台座,另外,能夠將拉片朝向由拉頭輸送路徑在水平方向輸送的拉頭主體以使拉片長度方向為鉛垂方向的方式配置。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, since the pedestal in the first position is horizontal, it can be stably supplied to the pedestal without sliding the pull-tab, and the pull-tab can be transported in the horizontal direction toward the slider transport path The slider body is arranged so that the longitudinal direction of the slider is the vertical direction.
(4)根據(1)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述翻轉驅動部具備設於所述旋轉軸的從動齒輪、和與所述從動齒輪嚙合的驅動齒輪,將所述驅動齒輪旋轉往復驅動來使所述翻轉單元翻轉。 (4) The pull-tab assembly device according to (1), wherein the turning drive unit includes a driven gear provided on the rotating shaft and a drive gear meshed with the driven gear, and drives the drive The gear rotates reciprocatingly to turn the turning unit.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,能夠通過驅動齒輪的旋轉往復驅動,使與從動齒輪連接的翻轉單元以高響應性翻轉。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, the reversing unit connected to the driven gear can be reversed with high responsiveness by the reciprocating drive of the drive gear.
(5)根據(1)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述拉頭具有拉片安裝柱,所述拉片安裝柱的基端與所述拉頭主體的上翼 板連結,且所述拉片安裝柱的自由端未與所述上翼板連結,所述拉片具有形成在長度方向一端側的開口孔,所述拉頭輸送路徑以使所述拉片安裝柱的所述自由端朝向輸送方向前方的方式輸送所述拉頭主體,使所述自由端插入至所述第二位置的所述拉片夾緊部所支承的拉片的所述開口孔內。 (5) The pull-tab assembly device according to (1), wherein the slider has a pull-tab mounting post, a base end of the pull-tab mounting post and an upper wing of the slider body Plate, and the free end of the pull-tab mounting post is not connected to the upper wing plate, the pull-tab has an opening hole formed at one end side in the longitudinal direction, and the slider conveying path is used to install the pull-tab The free end of the post is conveyed toward the front in the conveying direction so that the slider body is inserted so that the free end is inserted into the opening hole of the handle supported by the handle clamping portion at the second position .
根據該拉片組裝裝置,僅通過輸送拉頭主體就能在被定位的拉片的開口孔內插入拉頭的拉片安裝柱。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, the pull-tab mounting post of the slider can be inserted into the opening hole of the positioned pull-tab only by conveying the slider body.
(6)根據(5)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,該拉片組裝裝置具備壓緊單元,在所述第二位置的所述拉片夾緊部支承所述拉片並且使所述拉片的所述開口孔插入至所述拉片安裝柱的所述自由端的狀態下,該壓緊單元將所述拉片安裝柱壓緊。 (6) The pull-tab assembly device according to (5), wherein the pull-tab assembly device includes a pressing unit that supports the pull-tab at the pull-tab clamping portion at the second position and causes the pull-tab In a state where the opening hole of the pull-tab is inserted into the free end of the pull-tab mounting post, the pressing unit presses the pull-tab mounting post.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,通過將拉頭的拉片安裝柱朝向拉頭主體的上翼板壓緊,能夠防止拉片從拉片安裝柱脫落。 According to this slider assembly device, by pressing the slider attachment post of the slider toward the upper wing plate of the slider body, it is possible to prevent the slider from falling off from the slider attachment post.
(7)根據(1)~(6)中任一項所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,該拉片組裝裝置具備定位單元,該定位單元與所述第一位置的所述拉片夾緊部相對地配置,並將供給至該拉片夾緊部的所述拉片定位於規定位置。 (7) The pull-tab assembly device according to any one of (1) to (6), wherein the pull-tab assembly device includes a positioning unit that clamps the pull-tab at the first position The parts are relatively arranged, and the pull-tabs supplied to the pull-tab clamp are positioned at predetermined positions.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,載置於拉片夾緊部的拉片能夠通過定位單元高精度地定位於規定位置,能夠更確實地進行向拉片安裝柱的插入。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, the pull-tab mounted on the pull-tab clamping portion can be accurately positioned at a predetermined position by the positioning unit, and insertion into the pull-tab mounting post can be performed more surely.
(8)根據(7)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述定位單元具備:抵接塊,其與所述第一位置的所述拉片夾緊部相面對地配 置;和 拉片牽拉機構,其具有能夠插入至形成在所述拉片的長度方向一端側的開口孔內的插入部件,並將所述插入部件在插入至所述開口孔內的狀態下向所述抵接塊牽拉。 (8) The pull-tab assembly device according to (7), wherein the positioning unit includes an abutment block that is arranged to face the pull-tab clamping portion at the first position Set; and The pull-tab pulling mechanism has an insertion member that can be inserted into an opening hole formed on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the pull-tab, and inserts the insertion member toward the opening in a state of being inserted into the opening hole Pull the abutment block.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,通過在拉片的開口孔內插入有插入部件的狀態下將插入部件向抵接塊牽拉,拉片的開口孔側的前端與抵接塊抵接,由此拉片被定位於規定位置。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, when the insertion member is inserted into the opening hole of the pull-tab, the insertion member is pulled toward the abutment block, and the tip on the opening hole side of the pull-tab is in contact with the abutment block, thereby pulling The slice is positioned at a prescribed position.
(9)根據(8)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述拉片牽拉機構具備:桿部件,其在前端部突出設置有所述插入部件;旋轉支承部,其將所述桿部件以在使所述插入部件上下運動的旋轉方向上旋轉自如的方式進行支承;和滑動部件,其連接於所述桿部件的比所述旋轉支承部更靠所述前端部的相反側的基端部側,並使所述桿部件旋轉運動及直線運動。 (9) The pull-tab assembly device according to (8), wherein the pull-tab pulling mechanism includes: a lever member that protrudes the insertion member at a front end portion; and a rotation support portion that connects the lever A member is rotatably supported in a rotation direction in which the insertion member is moved up and down; and a sliding member connected to the base of the lever member on the opposite side of the front end portion from the rotation support portion The end side, and make the rod member rotate and linearly move.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,通過利用桿部件的旋轉使插入部件上下運動,能夠將插入部件的驅動機構設為簡單的結構。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, by using the rotation of the lever member to move the insertion member up and down, the drive mechanism of the insertion member can be made simple.
(10)根據(9)所述的拉片組裝裝置,其中,所述定位單元具備:第一連桿部件,其一端部與所述抵接塊連接;第二連桿部件,其一端部與所述滑動部件連接;和連結部件,其將所述第一連桿部件的另一端部與所述第二連桿部件的另一端部隔著擺動軸連結,通過所述連結部件的以所述擺動軸為中心的擺動,所述抵接塊經由所述第一連桿部件朝向所述第一位置的所述拉片夾緊部移動,且經由所述第二連桿部件使與所述滑動 部件連接的所述桿部件旋轉,所述插入部件插入至所述拉片的所述開口孔內並被向所述抵接塊牽拉。 (10) The pull-tab assembly device according to (9), wherein the positioning unit includes: a first link member whose one end is connected to the abutment block; and a second link member whose one end is connected to The sliding member is connected; and a connecting member that connects the other end of the first link member and the other end of the second link member via a swing shaft, through the connecting member A swing axis is the center of the swing, the abutment block moves toward the pull-tab clamping portion at the first position via the first link member, and slides with the slider via the second link member The rod member connected by the member rotates, and the insertion member is inserted into the opening hole of the pull-tab and is pulled toward the abutment block.
根據該拉片組裝裝置,由於第一連桿部件與第二連桿部件彼此向不同的方向移動,所以將抵接塊朝向拉片推出、且將插入至拉片的開口孔內的插入部件向抵接塊牽拉,從而能夠將抵接塊與插入部件的相互移動縮短。由此,能夠將拉片的基於定位的移動控制在最小限度,能夠穩定地維持拉片的夾緊狀態。 According to this pull-tab assembly device, since the first link member and the second link member move in different directions from each other, the abutment block is pushed toward the pull-tab and the insertion member inserted into the opening hole of the pull-tab is directed toward The abutment block is pulled, so that the mutual movement of the abutment block and the insertion member can be shortened. Thereby, the positioning-based movement of the handle can be minimized, and the clamped state of the handle can be stably maintained.
13‧‧‧拉片 13‧‧‧Pull
15‧‧‧拉頭主體 15‧‧‧Head body
17‧‧‧拉片安裝柱 17‧‧‧Pull tab mounting post
17b‧‧‧自由端 17b‧‧‧Free end
19‧‧‧開口孔 19‧‧‧Opening hole
21‧‧‧旋轉軸 21‧‧‧rotation axis
23A、23B‧‧‧拉片夾緊部 23A, 23B
25‧‧‧台座 25‧‧‧pedestal
27‧‧‧夾具 27‧‧‧Fixture
31‧‧‧夾緊解除桿 31‧‧‧Clamp release lever
33‧‧‧從動件 33‧‧‧Follower
51‧‧‧框架 51‧‧‧Frame
51a‧‧‧上表面 51a‧‧‧upper surface
51b‧‧‧下表面 51b‧‧‧Lower surface
51c‧‧‧斜面 51c‧‧‧Bevel
61‧‧‧從動齒輪 61‧‧‧ driven gear
67‧‧‧第一臂部件(拉片夾緊部) 67‧‧‧ First arm part (tab pull part)
71‧‧‧第一旋轉支承部 71‧‧‧The first rotary support
73‧‧‧第二臂部件(拉片夾緊部) 73‧‧‧Second arm part (pull tab clamping part)
77‧‧‧第二彈簧材料 77‧‧‧Second spring material
79‧‧‧臂旋轉軸 79‧‧‧arm rotation axis
81‧‧‧桿支承部 81‧‧‧ Rod support
83‧‧‧凹槽 83‧‧‧groove
85‧‧‧第一齒輪 85‧‧‧First gear
87‧‧‧卡定銷 87‧‧‧Card fixed
Ax1‧‧‧軸線 Ax1‧‧‧Axis
PA、QA、QB‧‧‧箭頭 PA, QA, QB‧‧‧arrow
PO1‧‧‧拉片供給位置 PO1‧‧‧ Pull tab supply position
PO2‧‧‧拉片組裝位置 PO2‧‧‧Pull-tab assembly position
P1‧‧‧拉頭輸送路徑 P1‧‧‧Puller delivery path
P2‧‧‧翻轉單元 P2‧‧‧Flip unit
STD‧‧‧拉頭輸送方向 STD‧‧‧Transport direction of slider

Claims (10)

  1. 一種拉片組裝裝置(100),在拉鏈的拉頭(11)的拉頭主體(15)上組裝拉片(13),所述拉片組裝裝置(100)的特徵在於,具備:拉頭輸送路徑(P1),其輸送多個所述拉頭主體(15);翻轉單元(P2),其具有旋轉軸(21),並將支承所述拉片(13)的一對拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)以所述旋轉軸(21)為對稱軸彼此分開地配置;和翻轉驅動部(P3),其將所述翻轉單元(P2)以所述旋轉軸(21)為中心翻轉驅動,使一對所述拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)交替地配置於第一位置(PO1)及第二位置(PO2),所述第一位置(PO1)是被供給所述拉片(13)的位置,所述第二位置(PO2)是在由所述拉頭輸送路徑(P1)輸送的所述拉頭主體(15)上組裝所述拉片(13)的位置。 A pull-tab assembly device (100) for assembling a pull-tab (13) on a slider body (15) of a slider (11) of a zipper, the pull-tab assembly device (100) is characterized by comprising: slider transport A path (P1), which conveys a plurality of the slider body (15); a turning unit (P2), which has a rotating shaft (21), and clamps a pair of slider clamping portions that support the slider (13) (23A, 23B) The rotation axis (21) is arranged to be separated from each other; and an inversion driving section (P3) that inverts and drives the inversion unit (P2) around the rotation axis (21) , A pair of the pull-tab clamping portions (23A, 23B) are alternately arranged at a first position (PO1) and a second position (PO2), the first position (PO1) is supplied to the pull-tab ( 13) The second position (PO2) is a position where the slider (13) is assembled on the slider body (15) conveyed by the slider conveying path (P1).
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)具備:載置所述拉片(13)的平坦的台座(25);以及將所述拉片(13)沿拉片厚度方向夾緊於所述台座(25)的夾具(27)。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 1 of the patent application range, wherein the pull-tab clamping portion (23A, 23B) includes a flat pedestal (25) on which the pull-tab (13) is placed And a clamp (27) for clamping the pull tab (13) to the base (25) in the thickness direction of the pull tab.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中, 所述旋轉軸(21)以相對於所述拉頭輸送路徑(P1)的輸送方向傾斜45°的方式配置,所述拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)的所述台座(25)在所述第一位置(PO1)變為水平方向,在所述第二位置(PO2)變為鉛垂方向。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) as described in item 2 of the patent application scope, wherein, The rotating shaft (21) is arranged so as to be inclined by 45° with respect to the conveying direction of the slider conveying path (P1), and the base (25) of the pull-tab clamping portion (23A, 23B) is located at The first position (PO1) becomes the horizontal direction, and the second position (PO2) becomes the vertical direction.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述翻轉驅動部(P3)具備:設於所述旋轉軸(21)的從動齒輪(61);以及與所述從動齒輪(61)嚙合的驅動齒輪(63),將所述驅動齒輪(63)旋轉往復驅動來使所述翻轉單元(P2)翻轉。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the turning drive unit (P3) includes: a driven gear (61) provided on the rotating shaft (21); The driving gear (63) meshed with the driven gear (61) rotates the driving gear (63) to reciprocate to invert the turning unit (P2).
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述拉頭(11)具有拉片安裝柱(17),所述拉片安裝柱(17)的基端(17a)與所述拉頭主體(15)的上翼板(15a)連結,且所述拉片安裝柱(17)的自由端(17b)未與所述上翼板(15a)連結,所述拉片(13)具有形成在長度方向一端側的開口孔(19),所述拉頭輸送路徑(P1)以使所述拉片安裝柱(17)的所述自由端(17b)朝向輸送方向前方的方式輸送所述拉頭主體 (15),使所述自由端(17b)插入至所述第二位置(PO2)的所述拉片夾緊部(23A、23B)所支承的所述拉片(13)的所述開口孔(19)內。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 1 of the patent application range, wherein the pull-head (11) has a pull-tab mounting post (17), and a base end (17a) of the pull-tab mounting post (17) ) Is connected to the upper wing plate (15a) of the slider body (15), and the free end (17b) of the pull-tab mounting post (17) is not connected to the upper wing plate (15a), the pull The tab (13) has an opening hole (19) formed at one end side in the longitudinal direction, and the slider conveying path (P1) is such that the free end (17b) of the tab mounting post (17) faces forward in the conveying direction Conveying the slider body (15), insert the free end (17b) into the opening hole of the pull-tab (13) supported by the pull-tab clamping part (23A, 23B) at the second position (PO2) (19).
  6. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述拉片組裝裝置(100)具備壓緊單元(P5),在所述第二位置(PO2)的所述拉片夾緊部(23B)支承所述拉片(13)並且使所述拉片(13)的所述開口孔(19)插入至所述拉片安裝柱(17)的所述自由端(17b)的狀態下,所述壓緊單元(P5)將所述拉片安裝柱(17)壓緊。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 5 of the patent application range, wherein the pull-tab assembly device (100) includes a pressing unit (P5), and the pull-tab at the second position (PO2) The tab clamping part (23B) supports the pull tab (13) and inserts the opening hole (19) of the pull tab (13) into the free end (17b) of the pull tab mounting post (17) ), the pressing unit (P5) presses the pull-tab mounting post (17).
  7. 如申請專利範圍第1項~第6項中任一項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述拉片組裝裝置(100)具備定位單元(P4),所述定位單元(P4)與所述第一位置(PO1)的所述拉片夾緊部(23A)相對地配置,並將供給至所述拉片夾緊部(23A)的所述拉片(13)定位於規定位置。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the pull-tab assembly device (100) includes a positioning unit (P4), and the positioning unit (P4 ) Is arranged opposite to the pull-tab clamping portion (23A) of the first position (PO1), and the pull-tab (13) supplied to the pull-tab clamping portion (23A) is positioned at a predetermined position.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述定位單元(P4)具備:抵接塊(161),其與所述第一位置(PO1)的所述拉片夾緊部(23A)相面對地配置;和拉片牽拉機構(165),其具有能夠插入至形成在所述拉 片(13)的長度方向一端側的開口孔(19)內的插入部件(163),並將所述插入部件(163)在插入至所述開口孔(19)內的狀態下向所述抵接塊(161)牽拉。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 7 of the patent application range, wherein the positioning unit (P4) is provided with: an abutment block (161) which is in contact with the pull-out at the first position (PO1) The sheet clamping part (23A) is arranged to face each other; and the sheet pulling mechanism (165), which has a structure capable of being inserted into the pulling An insertion member (163) in the opening hole (19) at one end in the longitudinal direction of the sheet (13), and inserting the insertion member (163) into the opening hole (19) toward the contact Pull the block (161).
  9. 如申請專利範圍第8項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述拉片牽拉機構(165)具備:桿部件(225),其在前端部突出設置有所述插入部件(163);旋轉支承部(227),以在使所述插入部件(163)上下運動的旋轉方向上旋轉自如的方式支承所述桿部件(225);和滑動部件(211),其連接於所述桿部件(225)的比所述旋轉支承部(227)更靠所述前端部的相反側的基端部側,並使所述桿部件(225)旋轉運動及直線運動。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 8 of the patent application range, wherein the pull-tab pulling mechanism (165) includes a lever member (225) that protrudes the insertion member ( 163); a rotation support portion (227) that supports the lever member (225) in a rotation direction that allows the insertion member (163) to move up and down; and a sliding member (211) that is connected to the The lever member (225) is located on the base end side opposite to the front end portion of the rotation support portion (227), and rotates and linearly moves the lever member (225).
  10. 如申請專利範圍第9項所述的拉片組裝裝置(100),其中,所述定位單元(P4)具備:第一連桿部件(173),其一端部與所述抵接塊(161)連接;第二連桿部件(175),其一端部與所述滑動部件(211)連接;和連結部件(177),其將所述第一連桿部件(173)的另一端部與所述第二連桿部件(175)的另一端部隔著擺動軸(179) 連結,通過所述連結部件(177)的以所述擺動軸(179)為中心的擺動,所述抵接塊(161)經由所述第一連桿部件(173)朝向所述第一位置(PO1)的所述拉片夾緊部(23A)移動,且經由所述第二連桿部件(175)使與所述滑動部件(211)連接的所述桿部件(225)旋轉,所述插入部件(163)插入至所述拉片(13)的所述開口孔(19)內並被向所述抵接塊(161)牽拉。 The pull-tab assembly device (100) according to item 9 of the patent application range, wherein the positioning unit (P4) includes: a first link member (173) whose one end is in contact with the abutment block (161) Connection; a second link member (175), one end of which is connected to the sliding member (211); and a coupling member (177), which connects the other end of the first link member (173) to the The other end of the second link member (175) is sandwiched by the swing shaft (179) The coupling, by the swing of the coupling member (177) centered on the swing shaft (179), the abutment block (161) is directed to the first position (via the first link member (173)) The pull-tab clamping portion (23A) of PO1) moves, and the lever member (225) connected to the sliding member (211) is rotated via the second link member (175), and the insertion The component (163) is inserted into the opening hole (19) of the pull-tab (13) and is pulled toward the abutment block (161).
TW108107729A 2018-11-08 2019-03-08 Pull-tab assembly device TWI683636B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811327532.0A CN111150183A (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Pulling-on piece assembling device
CN201811327532.0 2018-11-08

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TWI683636B true TWI683636B (en) 2020-02-01
TW202017500A TW202017500A (en) 2020-05-16

Family

ID=70413578

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW108107729A TWI683636B (en) 2018-11-08 2019-03-08 Pull-tab assembly device

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111150183A (en)
TW (1) TWI683636B (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000270910A (en) * 1999-03-25 2000-10-03 Ykk Corp Device for assembling pull tab for slider
TW201633952A (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-10-01 Ykk股份有限公司 Pull tab supply device for a slider assembly apparatus
TW201700030A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-01 Ykk Corp Pull tab supply device of zipper pull head assembly device capable of preventing a pull tab from coming off a slide slot dedicated to a pull tab even though a zipper pull head assembly device is operated at a high speed
CN107052174A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 泉州市展鸿自动化科技有限公司 A kind of Japanese circle pull head of band goes up the kludge of core pulling piece automatically

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000270910A (en) * 1999-03-25 2000-10-03 Ykk Corp Device for assembling pull tab for slider
TW201633952A (en) * 2015-03-26 2016-10-01 Ykk股份有限公司 Pull tab supply device for a slider assembly apparatus
TW201700030A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-01 Ykk Corp Pull tab supply device of zipper pull head assembly device capable of preventing a pull tab from coming off a slide slot dedicated to a pull tab even though a zipper pull head assembly device is operated at a high speed
CN107052174A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 泉州市展鸿自动化科技有限公司 A kind of Japanese circle pull head of band goes up the kludge of core pulling piece automatically

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
TW202017500A (en) 2020-05-16
CN111150183A (en) 2020-05-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20140116209A1 (en) Automatic locking screw machine
JP2006341340A (en) Clamp device
TWI683636B (en) Pull-tab assembly device
WO2015136715A1 (en) Cutting device
JPH09168928A (en) Work piece positioning device
JP2018088760A (en) Magnet insertion machine
CN102991098B (en) Clamping device for center positioning
JP5339529B2 (en) Valve cotter and retainer assembly device
JP4684160B2 (en) Compliance module
JP4648257B2 (en) Conveying device for transported member and mounting device for electronic component
JP2005199320A (en) Compound working device, and work carrying-in method
JPH0839463A (en) Conveyer
JP2011168444A (en) Apparatus and method for working glass plate
CN211760931U (en) A kind of tool
JP6806877B2 (en) Component mounting device
CN110561326B (en) Buckle assembling jig and using method thereof
TWI718668B (en) Reinforcing film bonding device
JP3304457B2 (en) Work feeder
WO2019162999A1 (en) Stop device, transport device, and work system
JP3569828B2 (en) Pallet transfer device
JP2007269445A (en) Conveying device for workpiece
JP2000246694A (en) Punching device for tape-form object
JP3785325B2 (en) Electronic component transfer method and transfer device
JP2005101115A (en) Hoop material hold structure and components assembly equipment
JP2006066826A (en) Electronic component feeding apparatus