TWI682686B - Connection management techniques for wireless network mobility procedures - Google Patents

Connection management techniques for wireless network mobility procedures Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI682686B
TWI682686B TW106116730A TW106116730A TWI682686B TW I682686 B TWI682686 B TW I682686B TW 106116730 A TW106116730 A TW 106116730A TW 106116730 A TW106116730 A TW 106116730A TW I682686 B TWI682686 B TW I682686B
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Taiwan
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sipto
procedure
mme
pdn
pdn connection
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TW106116730A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201811089A (en
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亞歷山大 史托加諾斯基
沙夏 西洛金
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英特爾智財公司
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Priority to US61/806,821 priority
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Publication of TWI682686B publication Critical patent/TWI682686B/en

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    • H04W36/0072Transmission and use of information for re-establishing the radio link of resource information of target access point
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    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/044Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource
    • H04W72/046Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource the resource being in the space domain, e.g. beams
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THEIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00Reducing energy consumption in communication networks
    • Y02D30/70Reducing energy consumption in communication networks in wireless communication networks

Abstract

Connection management techniquesforwireless network mobility procedures are described. In one embodiment, for example, an evolved packet core (EPC) node may comprise a processor circuit to receive a notification of a mobility procedure for a user equipment (UE), determine whether to release a local gateway (L-GW)-provided packet data network (PDN) connection of the UE, and in response to a determination that the L-GW-provided PDN connection is to be released, send either a detach request message or a delete session request message to initiate a process for releasing the L-GW-provided PDN connection. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

Description

用於無線網路可移動性程序之連接管理技術Connection management technology for wireless network mobility procedures 相關申請案Related application

本申請案聲明擁有於2013年3月29日提出申請的美國臨時專利申請案序號61/806,821之優先權,且本申請案特此引用該專利申請案之完整內容以供參照。 This application declares that it has the priority of the US provisional patent application serial number 61/806,821 filed on March 29, 2013, and this application hereby cites the entire content of the patent application for reference.

本發明之實施例係大致有關寬頻無線通訊網路中之各裝置間之通訊。 The embodiments of the present invention are generally related to communication between devices in a broadband wireless communication network.

在諸如演進型全球地面無線電存取網路(Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network;簡稱E-UTRAN)等的一無線網路中,可部署一家用演進型節點B(Home evolved Node B;簡稱HeNB),以便實施一極微小細胞(femtocell),該極微小細胞提供諸如一辦公室或住宅等的較小區域內之無線網路存取。在各實施例中,可連同該HeNB而部署一本地閘道器(Local Gateway;簡稱 L-GW),以便改善該HeNB服務的一般區域內之封包資料網路(Packet Data Network;簡稱PDN)存取。在某些例子中,可使L-GW與HeNB共構(collocate)。在後文中,此種L-GW將被稱為"共構L-GW"。在其他的例子中,可使該L-GW與一獨立閘道器(GW)上的一服務閘道器(Serving Gateway;簡稱S-GW)共構。在後文中,此種L-GW將被稱為"獨立L-GW"。 In a wireless network such as Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) and so on, a home evolved Node B (HeNB) can be deployed, In order to implement a very small cell (femtocell), the very small cell provides wireless network access in a small area such as an office or residence. In various embodiments, a local gateway (abbreviated as “Local Gateway”) may be deployed along with the HeNB L-GW), in order to improve Packet Data Network (PDN) access in the general area served by the HeNB. In some examples, the L-GW and the HeNB can be collocated. In the following, this type of L-GW will be referred to as "co-constructive L-GW". In other examples, the L-GW can be co-structured with a serving gateway (Serving Gateway; S-GW for short) on an independent gateway (GW). In the following, this type of L-GW will be referred to as "standalone L-GW".

被一HeNB服務的一用戶設備(User Equipment;簡稱UE)可利用一L-GW而與諸如網際網路等的一PDN更直接地通訊。更具體而言,該UE並非經由一核心封包網路,而是可將區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(Selected Internet Protocol(IP)Traffic Offload at the Local Network;簡稱SIPTO@LN)PDN連接用於經由該L-GW而與該PDN通訊。當根據該UE自該L-GW的覆蓋區移動離開而發生一行動事件時,可能需要且/或希望釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。然而,傳統的連接管理技術可能並未界定用於釋放某些SIPTO@LN PDN連接之適當的或最佳的程序。 A user equipment (User Equipment; UE for short) served by a HeNB can utilize an L-GW to communicate more directly with a PDN such as the Internet. More specifically, the UE does not go through a core packet network, but can offload selected Internet Protocol (IP) Traffic Offload at the Local Network (SIPTO@LN) The PDN connection is used to communicate with the PDN via the L-GW. When an action event occurs based on the UE moving away from the coverage area of the L-GW, it may be necessary and/or desirable to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection. However, traditional connection management techniques may not define appropriate or optimal procedures for releasing certain SIPTO@LN PDN connections.

本發明說明了用於無線網路行動程序之連接管理技術。在一實施例中,例如,一演進式封包核心網路(Evolved Packet Core;簡稱EPC)節點可包含用於執行下列操作之一處理器電路:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一 行動程序之一通知;決定是否釋放該UE的一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及回應將要釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息或一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動用於釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接的一程序。也說明了其他實施例,且申請這些其他實施例的專利範圍。 The present invention describes a connection management technology for wireless network mobile programs. In an embodiment, for example, an Evolved Packet Core (EPC) node may include a processor circuit for performing one of the following operations: receiving a user equipment (UE) Notification of one of the action procedures; deciding whether to release the packet data network (PDN) connection provided by a local gateway (L-GW) of the UE; and responding to a decision to release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW, and Send a detach request message or a delete session request message to initiate a procedure for releasing the PDN connection provided by the L-GW. Other embodiments are also described, and the patent scope of these other embodiments is applied.

100、200、300、400‧‧‧操作環境100, 200, 300, 400 ‧‧‧ operating environment

102、302‧‧‧用戶設備102、302‧‧‧User equipment

104、304、306‧‧‧家用演進型節點B 104, 304, 306‧‧‧ Home evolved Node B

106、206、312、412、570‧‧‧行動管理實體106, 206, 312, 412, 570‧‧‧ mobile management entity

108、208、310、314、414‧‧‧服務閘道器108, 208, 310, 314, 414‧‧‧ service gateway

110、316‧‧‧封包資料網路閘道器110, 316‧‧‧ packet data network gateway

120‧‧‧網際網路120‧‧‧Internet

112、308‧‧‧本地閘道器112、308‧‧‧Local gateway

202、402、404‧‧‧行動事件202, 402, 404‧‧‧ events

204、406、560‧‧‧演進型節點B 204, 406, 560 ‧ Evolved Node B

203‧‧‧覆蓋區203‧‧‧ Coverage area

301‧‧‧家庭區域網路301‧‧‧Home LAN

500‧‧‧設備500‧‧‧Equipment

502‧‧‧處理器電路502‧‧‧ processor circuit

504‧‧‧記憶體單元504‧‧‧Memory unit

506‧‧‧通訊組件506‧‧‧Communication components

540‧‧‧系統540‧‧‧System

544‧‧‧射頻收發器544‧‧‧RF transceiver

557‧‧‧射頻天線557‧‧‧RF antenna

510‧‧‧行動程序通知510‧‧‧Notice of action procedure

512‧‧‧家庭區域網路識別碼512‧‧‧Home area network identification code

514‧‧‧行動程序控制訊息514‧‧‧ mobile program control message

516‧‧‧連接釋放啟動訊息516‧‧‧Connect release start message

900‧‧‧儲存媒體900‧‧‧storage media

1000‧‧‧通訊裝置1000‧‧‧Communication device

1028‧‧‧邏輯電路1028‧‧‧Logic circuit

1010‧‧‧無線電介面1010‧‧‧Radio interface

1020‧‧‧基頻電路1020‧‧‧ fundamental frequency circuit

1030‧‧‧計算平台1030‧‧‧ Computing platform

1012‧‧‧接收器1012‧‧‧Receiver

1014‧‧‧頻率合成器1014‧‧‧ frequency synthesizer

1016‧‧‧發射器1016‧‧‧ Launcher

1018- f ‧‧‧天線1018- f ‧‧‧ antenna

1022‧‧‧類比至數位轉換器1022‧‧‧Analog to digital converter

1024‧‧‧數位至類比轉換器1024‧‧‧Digital to analog converter

1026‧‧‧實體層處理電路1026‧‧‧ physical layer processing circuit

1027‧‧‧媒體存取控制處理電路1027‧‧‧Media access control processing circuit

1032‧‧‧記憶體控制器1032‧‧‧Memory controller

1034‧‧‧介面1034‧‧‧Interface

1040‧‧‧處理組件1040‧‧‧Processing module

1050‧‧‧其他平台組件1050‧‧‧Other platform components

1100‧‧‧寬頻無線存取系統1100‧‧‧Broadband wireless access system

1110‧‧‧網際網路1110‧‧‧Internet

1112、1118‧‧‧無線電存取網路1112, 1118‧‧‧ radio access network

1114、1120‧‧‧演進型節點B 1114, 1120‧Evolved Node B

1116‧‧‧固定裝置1116‧‧‧Fixed device

1122‧‧‧行動裝置1122‧‧‧Mobile device

1124‧‧‧客籍核心網路1124‧‧‧ Guest Core Network

1126‧‧‧本地核心網路1126‧‧‧Local core network

1128‧‧‧作業支援系統1128‧‧‧ Operation Support System

第1圖示出一第一操作環境之一實施例。 Figure 1 shows an embodiment of a first operating environment.

第2圖示出一第二操作環境之一實施例。 Figure 2 shows an embodiment of a second operating environment.

第3圖示出一第三操作環境之一實施例。 Figure 3 shows an embodiment of a third operating environment.

第4圖示出一第四操作環境之一實施例。 Figure 4 shows an embodiment of a fourth operating environment.

第5圖示出一設備之一實施例及一系統之一實施例。 Figure 5 shows an embodiment of a device and an embodiment of a system.

第6圖示出一第一邏輯流程之一實施例。 Figure 6 shows an embodiment of a first logic flow.

第7圖示出一第二邏輯流程之一實施例。 Figure 7 shows an embodiment of a second logic flow.

第8圖示出一第三邏輯流程之一實施例。 Figure 8 shows an embodiment of a third logic flow.

第9圖示出一儲存媒體之一實施例。 Figure 9 shows an embodiment of a storage medium.

第10圖示出一裝置之一實施例。 Figure 10 shows an embodiment of a device.

第11圖示出無線網路之一實施例。 Figure 11 shows an embodiment of a wireless network.

各實施例可大致有關用於無線網路行動程序之連接管理技術。在一實施例中,例如,一演進式封包核心網路(EPC)節點可包含用於執行下列操作之一處理器電路: 接收一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序之一通知;決定是否釋放該UE的一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及回應將要釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息或一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動用於釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接的一程序。也說明了其他實施例,且申請這些其他實施例的專利範圍。 The embodiments may be generally related to connection management techniques for wireless network mobile procedures. In one embodiment, for example, an evolved packet core network (EPC) node may include a processor circuit for performing one of the following operations: Receive a notification of one of the mobile device's (UE) action procedures; determine whether to release the packet data network (PDN) connection provided by the UE's local gateway (L-GW); and respond to the release of the L-GW One of the PDN connections provided is decided, and a detach request message or a delete session request message is sent to initiate a procedure for releasing the PDN connection provided by the L-GW. Other embodiments are also described, and the patent scope of these other embodiments is applied.

各實施例可包含一或多個元件。一元件可包含被配置成執行某些操作的任何結構。在特定組的設計參數或效能限制需要時,每一元件可被實施為硬體、軟體、或以上各項的任何組合。雖然可以舉例之方式利用某一拓撲中之一有限數目的元件說明一實施例,但是特定實施方式需要時,該實施例可包含替代拓撲中之較多或較少的元件。值得注意的是:在任何段落提及"一個實施例"或"一實施"時,意指以與該實施例有關之方式述及的一特定特徵、結構、或特性被包含在至少一實施例中。在本說明書的各處出現出現辭語在"一實施例中"、"在某些實施例中"、及"在各實施例中"時,不必然都參照到相同的實施例。 Various embodiments may include one or more elements. An element may include any structure configured to perform certain operations. Each component can be implemented as hardware, software, or any combination of the above as required by a specific set of design parameters or performance limitations. Although a limited number of elements in a certain topology can be used to illustrate an embodiment by way of example, this embodiment may include more or fewer elements in alternative topologies when required by a particular implementation. It is worth noting that when any paragraph refers to "one embodiment" or "an implementation", it means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic mentioned in a manner related to the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment in. When the words “in one embodiment”, “in some embodiments”, and “in each embodiment” appear throughout the specification, it is not necessary to refer to the same embodiment.

本發明所揭示的該等技術可能涉及使用一或多種無線行動寬頻技術經由一或多個無線連接而傳輸資料。例如,各實施例可能涉及根據一或多種第三代行動通訊合作計劃(3rd Generation Partnership Project;簡稱3GPP)、3GPP長程演進計畫(Long Term Evolution;簡稱LTE)、及/或3GPP先進長程演進計畫(LTE-Advanced;簡稱LTE- A)技術及/或標準(包括其修訂版、後續版本、及變形)而經由一或多個無線連接之傳輸。 The techniques disclosed in the present invention may involve the use of one or more wireless mobile broadband technologies to transmit data over one or more wireless connections. For example, various embodiments may involve one or more 3rd Generation Partnership Projects (3GPP), 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE), and/or 3GPP Advanced Long-Term Evolution Painting (LTE-Advanced; referred to as LTE- A) Transmission of technology and/or standards (including their revisions, subsequent versions, and variants) via one or more wireless connections.

各實施例可能額外地或替代地涉及根據一或多種全球行動通訊系統(Global System for Mobile communications;簡稱GSM)/增強型資料速率GSM演進技術(Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution;簡稱EDGE)、全球行動電信系統(Universal Mobile Telecommunications System;簡稱UMTS)/高速封包存取(High Speed Packet Access;簡稱HSPA)、及/或具有通用封包無線電服務之GSM系統(GSM with General Packet Radio Service(GPRS);簡稱GSM/GPRS)技術及/或標準(包括其修訂版、後續版本、及變形)之傳輸。無線行動寬頻技術之例子亦可在沒有限制之情形下包括電機及電子工程師協會(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers;簡稱IEEE)802.16m及/或802.16p、先進國際行動電信(International Mobile Telecommunications Advanced;簡稱IMT-ADV)、全球互通微波接取(Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access;簡稱WiMAX)及/或WiMAX II、分碼多重進接(Code Division Multiple Access;簡稱CDMA)2000(例如,CDMA2000 1xRTT、CDMA2000 EV-DO、及CDMA EV-DV等的CDMA2000系列技術)、高性能無線都會區域網路(High Performance Radio Metropolitan Area Network;簡稱HIPERMAN)、無線寬頻(Wireless Broadband;簡稱WiBro)、高速下行封包存取(High Speed Downlink Packet Access;簡稱HSDPA)、高速正交分頻多工封包存取(High Speed Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing(OFDM)Packet Access;簡稱HSOPA)、高速上行封包存取(High Speed Uplink Packet Access;簡稱HSUPA)技術及/或標準(包括其修訂版、後續版本、及變形)中之任何技術。該等實施例不限於該情境。 Embodiments may additionally or alternatively involve global actions based on one or more Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)/Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) technology Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS)/High Speed Packet Access (HSPA), and/or GSM with General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); GSM for short /GPRS) technology and/or standards (including their revisions, subsequent versions, and variants). Examples of wireless mobile broadband technology may also include, without limitation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.16m and/or 802.16p, International Mobile Telecommunications Advanced; abbreviation IMT-ADV), Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) and/or WiMAX II, Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) 2000 (for example, CDMA2000 1xRTT, CDMA2000 EV- DO, and CDMA2000 series technologies such as CDMA EV-DV), High Performance Radio Metropolitan Area Network (HIPERMAN), Wireless Broadband (WiBro), High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (High Speed Downlink Packet Access; HSDPA), High Speed Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Packet Access (HSOPA), High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) technology And/or any technology in the standard (including its revisions, subsequent versions, and variants). These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

除了經由一或多個無線連接的傳輸之外,本發明所揭示的該等技術可能涉及利用一或多種有線通訊媒體而經由一或多個有線連接傳輸內容。有線通訊媒體之例子可包括導線、纜線、金屬引線、印刷電路板(Printed Circuit Board;簡稱PCB)、底板(backplane)、交換核心(switch fabric)、半導體材料、雙絞線、同軸纜線、以及光纖連接等的有線通訊媒體。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In addition to transmission via one or more wireless connections, the techniques disclosed herein may involve the transmission of content via one or more wired connections using one or more wired communication media. Examples of wired communication media may include wires, cables, metal leads, printed circuit boards (PCBs), backplanes, switch fabrics, semiconductor materials, twisted pairs, coaxial cables, And wired communication media such as fiber optic connections. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

第1圖示出諸如可代表各實施例之一操作環境100。更具體而言,操作環境100可代表一UE可利用一共構L-GW建立一SIPTO@LN PDN連接的某些實施例。如第1圖所示,一UE 102經由一Uu介面連接而與一HeNB 104通訊。HeNB 104經由一S1-MME介面連接而與一行動管理實體(Mobility Management Entity;簡稱MME)106通訊,且經由一S1-U介面連接而與一服務閘道器(S-GW)108通訊。MME 106經由一S11介面連接而與S-GW 108通訊。S-GW 108經由一S5介面連接而與一PDN閘道器(PDN Gateway;簡稱P-GW)110通訊。P-GW 110經由 一SGi介面連接而連接到網際網路120。與HeNB 104共構的是一L-GW 112,L-GW 112也經由一SGi介面連接而連接到網際網路120。UE 102並不經由P-GW 110而與網際網路120通訊,而是可經由L-GW 112建立至網際網路120的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。使用該SIPTO@LN PDN連接與網際網路120通訊時,可使UE 102能夠避免與核心封包網路之使用相關聯的延遲。 Figure 1 shows an operating environment 100 such as may represent one of the embodiments. More specifically, the operating environment 100 may represent certain embodiments where a UE can utilize a conformal L-GW to establish a SIPTO@LN PDN connection. As shown in FIG. 1, a UE 102 communicates with a HeNB 104 through a Uu interface connection. HeNB 104 communicates with a Mobility Management Entity (MME) 106 via an S1-MME interface connection, and communicates with a service gateway (S-GW) 108 via an S1-U interface connection. The MME 106 communicates with the S-GW 108 via an S11 interface connection. The S-GW 108 communicates with a PDN Gateway (P-GW) 110 through an S5 interface connection. P-GW 110 via An SGi interface is connected to the Internet 120. Co-structured with HeNB 104 is an L-GW 112, which is also connected to the Internet 120 via an SGi interface connection. The UE 102 does not communicate with the Internet 120 via the P-GW 110, but can establish a SIPTO@LN PDN connection to the Internet 120 via the L-GW 112. Using the SIPTO@LN PDN connection to communicate with the Internet 120 enables the UE 102 to avoid delays associated with the use of core packet networks.

第2圖示出諸如可代表各實施例之一操作環境200。更具體而言,操作環境200可代表第1圖之UE 102移動離開HeNB 104的某些實施例。如第2圖所示,根據UE 102移動離開HeNB 104且朝向一eNB 204而發生一行動事件202。在行動事件202的過程中,UE 102退出HeNB 104的覆蓋區203。eNB 204經由一S1-MME介面連接而與一MME 206通訊,且經由一S1-U介面連接而與一S-GW 208通訊。MME 206經由一S11介面連接於與S-GW 208通訊,且S-GW 208經由S5介面連接而與P-GW 110通訊。MME 206也經由一S10介面連接而與MME 106通訊。 FIG. 2 shows an operating environment 200 such as may represent one of the embodiments. More specifically, the operating environment 200 may represent certain embodiments where the UE 102 of FIG. 1 moves away from the HeNB 104. As shown in FIG. 2, an action event 202 occurs according to UE 102 moving away from HeNB 104 and toward an eNB 204. During the action event 202, the UE 102 exits the coverage area 203 of the HeNB 104. The eNB 204 communicates with an MME 206 via an S1-MME interface connection, and communicates with an S-GW 208 via an S1-U interface connection. The MME 206 is connected to communicate with the S-GW 208 via an S11 interface, and the S-GW 208 communicates with the P-GW 110 via an S5 interface. The MME 206 also communicates with the MME 106 via an S10 interface connection.

回應該行動事件202,可根據UE 102經由eNB 204建立服務連接而執行一行動程序。UE 102可經由一Uu介面連接(圖中未示出)而與eNB 204通訊。如果UE 102於該行動事件時處於一連接模式,則該行動程序可包含諸如一交遞(handover)程序等的一連接模式行動程序。如果UE 102於該行動事件時處於一閒置模式,則該行動程 序可包含諸如一追蹤區更新程序或一服務要求程序等的一閒置模式行動程序。如果UE 102在行動事件202之前已建立了至網際網路120的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則在行動事件202之後可能無法使用該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,這是因為UE 102已移出了HeNB 104的範圍。因此,可能希望在該行動程序之後釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 In response to the action event 202, an action procedure may be executed according to the UE 102 establishing a service connection via the eNB 204. The UE 102 can communicate with the eNB 204 via a Uu interface connection (not shown in the figure). If the UE 102 is in a connected mode during the action event, the action procedure may include a connected mode action procedure such as a handover procedure. If the UE 102 is in an idle mode during the action event, the action schedule The sequence may include an idle mode action procedure such as a tracking area update procedure or a service request procedure. If the UE 102 has established a SIPTO@LN PDN connection to the Internet 120 before the mobile event 202, the SIPTO@LN PDN connection may not be available after the mobile event 202 because the UE 102 has moved out of the HeNB 104 Scope. Therefore, it may be desirable to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection after the action procedure.

第3圖示出諸如可代表各實施例之一操作環境300。更具體而言,操作環境300可代表一UE可經由一獨立L-GW而建立一SIPTO@LN PDN連接的某些實施例。如第3圖所示,一家庭區域網路(Local Home Network;簡稱LHN)301包含一UE 302、HeNB 304及306、以及與一S-GW 310共構的一L-GW 308。在第3圖所示之例子中,HeNB、304包含UE 302的一服務HeNB,且經由一Uu介面連接而與UE 302通訊。HeNB 304及306經由各別的S1-U介面連接而與S-GW 310通訊。分別可被包含在一服務供應商網路(service provider network)中之一MME 312、一S-GW 314、及一P-GW 316被設置在LHN 301之外。HeNB 304及306經由各別的S1-MME介面連接而與MME 312通訊,且經由各別的S1-U介面連接而與S-GW 314通訊。MME 312經由一S11介面連接而與S-GW 314通訊。S-GW 314經由一S5介面連接而與P-GW 316通訊。P-GW 316經由一SGi介面連接而與網際網路120通訊。UE 302並不經由P-GW 316而與網際網路120通訊, 而是可經由L-GW 308建立至網際網路120的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。使用該SIPTO@LN PDN連接與網際網路120通訊時,可使UE 302能夠避免與核心封包網路之使用相關聯的延遲。 Figure 3 shows an operating environment 300 such as may represent one of the embodiments. More specifically, the operating environment 300 may represent some embodiments where a UE can establish a SIPTO@LN PDN connection via an independent L-GW. As shown in FIG. 3, a local home network (LHN) 301 includes a UE 302, HeNBs 304 and 306, and an L-GW 308 co-structured with an S-GW 310. In the example shown in FIG. 3, the HeNB, 304 includes a serving HeNB of the UE 302, and communicates with the UE 302 through a Uu interface connection. The HeNBs 304 and 306 communicate with the S-GW 310 via respective S1-U interfaces. One MME 312, one S-GW 314, and one P-GW 316 that can be included in a service provider network, respectively, are provided outside the LHN 301. The HeNBs 304 and 306 communicate with the MME 312 via respective S1-MME interfaces, and communicate with the S-GW 314 via respective S1-U interfaces. The MME 312 communicates with the S-GW 314 via an S11 interface connection. S-GW 314 communicates with P-GW 316 via an S5 interface connection. The P-GW 316 is connected to the Internet 120 via an SGi interface. UE 302 does not communicate with Internet 120 via P-GW 316, Instead, a SIPTO@LN PDN connection to the Internet 120 can be established via the L-GW 308. When using the SIPTO@LN PDN connection to communicate with the Internet 120, the UE 302 can avoid the delay associated with the use of the core packet network.

第4圖示出諸如可代表各實施例之一操作環境400。更具體而言,操作環境400示出諸如第3圖之UE 302移動離開HeNB 304的某些實施例。如第4圖所示,根據一行動事件402,UE 302移動到LHN 301之外,且進入一eNB 406的範圍。eNB 406經由一S1-MME介面連接而與一MME 412通訊,且經由一S1-U介面連接而與一S-GW 414通訊。MME 412經由一S11介面連接而與S-GW 414通訊,且S-GW 414經由一S5介面連接而與P-GW 316通訊。MME 412也經由一S10介面連接而與MME 312通訊。 FIG. 4 shows an operating environment 400 such as may represent one of the embodiments. More specifically, the operating environment 400 illustrates certain embodiments such as the UE 302 of FIG. 3 moving away from the HeNB 304. As shown in FIG. 4, according to an action event 402, the UE 302 moves out of the LHN 301 and enters the range of an eNB 406. The eNB 406 communicates with an MME 412 through an S1-MME interface connection, and communicates with an S-GW 414 through an S1-U interface connection. The MME 412 communicates with the S-GW 414 via an S11 interface, and the S-GW 414 communicates with the P-GW 316 via an S5 interface. The MME 412 also communicates with the MME 312 via an S10 interface connection.

由於行動事件402,UE 302可移出HeNB 304的範圍,且因而不再經由HeNB 304而得到服務連接。此外,因為UE 302移動到LHN 301之外,所以UE 302無法自LHN 301內之諸如HeNB 306等的任何其他的HeNB得到服務連接。因此,回應行動事件402,可根據UE 302經由eNB 406建立服務連接而執行一行動程序。UE 302可經由一Uu介面連接(圖中未示出)而與eNB 406通訊。如果UE 302於該行動事件時處於一連接模式,則該行動程序可包含諸如一交遞程序等的一連接模式行動程序。如果UE 302於該行動事件時處於一閒置模式,則該行動程 序可包含諸如一追蹤區更新程序或一服務要求程序等的一閒置模式行動程序。如果UE 302在行動事件402之前已建立了至網際網路120的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則在行動事件402之後可能無法使用該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,這是因為UE 302已移出了LHN 301,且已移出了HeNB 304及306的範圍。因此,可能希望在回應行動事件402而執行的該行動程序之後釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 Due to the action event 402, the UE 302 can move out of the range of the HeNB 304, and thus no longer get a service connection via the HeNB 304. In addition, because the UE 302 moves outside the LHN 301, the UE 302 cannot obtain a service connection from any other HeNB within the LHN 301, such as the HeNB 306. Therefore, in response to the action event 402, an action procedure may be executed according to the UE 302 establishing a service connection via the eNB 406. The UE 302 can communicate with the eNB 406 via a Uu interface connection (not shown in the figure). If the UE 302 is in a connected mode during the action event, the action procedure may include a connected mode action procedure such as a handover procedure. If the UE 302 is in an idle mode during the action event, the action schedule The sequence may include an idle mode action procedure such as a tracking area update procedure or a service request procedure. If the UE 302 has established a SIPTO@LN PDN connection to the Internet 120 before the mobile event 402, the SIPTO@LN PDN connection may not be available after the mobile event 402 because the UE 302 has moved out of the LHN 301 , And has moved out of the scope of HeNB 304 and 306. Therefore, it may be desirable to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection after the action procedure executed in response to action event 402.

值得注意的是:在各實施例中,可根據UE 302移出HeNB 304的範圍但是保持在LHN 301之內而發生一行動事件。在某些此類實施例中,回應該行動事件,可根據UE 302經由LHN 301內之另一HeNB建立服務連接而執行一行動程序。例如,在行動事件404之後,可根據UE 302經由HeNB 306建立服務連接而執行一行動程序。在此種情形中,由於使用HeNB 306,所以UE 302仍然能夠利用L-GW 308與網際網路120通訊。因此,如果UE 302在行動事件404之前已建立了至網際網路120的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則UE 302在行動事件404之後仍然能夠使用該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。因此,可能希望在回應行動事件404而執行的該行動程序之後維持該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 It is worth noting that in various embodiments, an action event may occur based on the UE 302 moving out of the range of the HeNB 304 but staying within the LHN 301. In some such embodiments, in response to the action event, an action procedure may be performed according to the UE 302 establishing a service connection via another HeNB within the LHN 301. For example, after the action event 404, an action procedure may be executed according to the UE 302 establishing a service connection via the HeNB 306. In this case, since the HeNB 306 is used, the UE 302 can still communicate with the Internet 120 using the L-GW 308. Therefore, if the UE 302 has established a SIPTO@LN PDN connection to the Internet 120 before the action event 404, the UE 302 can still use the SIPTO@LN PDN connection after the action event 404. Therefore, it may be desirable to maintain the SIPTO@LN PDN connection after the action procedure executed in response to action event 404.

本發明揭示了用於無線網路行動程序之改良式連接管理技術。根據某些此類技術,在一UE的一行動程序之後,該UE的一服務MME可決定是否釋放該UE之一 SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在各實施例中,該服務MME可根據該UE是否已退出了其LHN而決定是否釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在某些實施例中,如果該服務MME決定應釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則該服務MME亦可根據該UE是否有任何其他的PDN連接而決定用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之一適當的程序。在各實施例中,該行動程序可包含一追蹤區更新(Tracking Area Update;簡稱TAU)程序,且該服務MME可包含在該TAU程序期間與該UE的一舊MME通訊之新MME。例如,在MME 312包含UE 302的一舊MME且MME 412包含UE 302的一新MME之一TAU程序之後,MME 412可包含UE 302的該服務MME。在某些其他實施例中,該行動程序可包含一交遞程序,且該服務MME可包含該交遞程序的一目標MME。例如,在MME 312包含一來源MME且MME 412包含一目標MME的UE 302之一交遞程序之後,MME 412可包含UE 302的服務MME。 The present invention discloses an improved connection management technology for wireless network mobile processes. According to some such techniques, after an action procedure of a UE, a serving MME of the UE may decide whether to release one of the UE SIPTO@LN PDN connection. In various embodiments, the serving MME may decide whether to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection based on whether the UE has exited its LHN. In some embodiments, if the serving MME decides that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection should be released, the serving MME may also decide to release one of the SIPTO@LN PDN connections based on whether the UE has any other PDN connections Appropriate procedures. In various embodiments, the mobile procedure may include a Tracking Area Update (TAU) procedure, and the serving MME may include a new MME that communicates with an old MME of the UE during the TAU procedure. For example, after MME 312 includes an old MME of UE 302 and MME 412 includes one of the TAU procedures of a new MME of UE 302, MME 412 may include the serving MME of UE 302. In some other embodiments, the action procedure may include a delivery procedure, and the serving MME may include a target MME of the delivery procedure. For example, after the MME 312 includes a source MME and the MME 412 includes a target MME UE 302 handover procedure, the MME 412 may include the UE 302's serving MME.

值得注意的是:本發明所述的該等技術不限於UE的服務MME在行動程序期間改變的實施例中之應用。在各實施例中,相同的MME在該行動程序之前及之後,可服務該UE,且該MME可決定是否釋放該UE的SIPTO@LN PDN連接。同樣地,該UE的服務S-GW在該行動程序期間可改變或可不改變。該等實施例不限於該情境。 It is worth noting that the techniques described in the present invention are not limited to the application in the embodiment where the serving MME of the UE changes during the action procedure. In various embodiments, the same MME can serve the UE before and after the action procedure, and the MME can decide whether to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. Likewise, the serving S-GW of the UE may or may not change during the action procedure. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

第5圖示出諸如可實施無線網路行動程序的改良式連接管理技術的一設備500之一方塊圖。如第5圖所示,設 備500包含多個元件,其中包括一處理器電路502、一記憶體單元504、一通訊組件506、以及一決定組件508。然而,該等實施例不限於該圖式中揭示的各元件之類型、數目、或配置。 FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of a device 500 such as an improved connection management technology that can implement wireless network mobile programs. As shown in Figure 5, suppose The device 500 includes multiple components, including a processor circuit 502, a memory unit 504, a communication component 506, and a decision component 508. However, the embodiments are not limited to the types, numbers, or configurations of the elements disclosed in the drawings.

在某些實施例中,設備500可包含處理器電路502。可使用諸如複雜指令集電腦(Complex Instruction Set Computer;簡稱CISC)微處理器、精簡指令集電腦(Reduced Instruction Set Computer;簡稱RISC)微處理器、極長指令集(Very Long Instruction Word;簡稱VLIW)微處理器、與x86指令集相容的處理器、實施一些指令集的組合之處理器、諸如雙核心處理器或雙核心行動處理器等的多核心處理器、或任何其他微處理器或中央處理單元(Central Processing Unit;簡稱CPU)等的任何處理器或邏輯裝置實施處理器電路502。處理器電路502亦可被實施為諸如控制器、微控制器、嵌入式處理器、晶片多處理器(Chip Multiprocessor;簡稱CMP)、共處理器、數位信號處理器(Digital Signal Processor;簡稱DSP)、網路處理器、媒體處理器、輸入/輸出(Input/Output;簡稱I/O)處理器、媒體存取控制(Media Access Control;簡稱MAC)處理器、無線電基頻處理器、特定應用積體電路(Application Specific Integrated Circuit;簡稱ASIC)、現場可程式閘陣列(Field Programmable Gate Array;簡稱FPGA)、及可程式邏輯裝置(Programmable Logic Device;簡稱PLD)等的一專用處理器。在一實施例中,例如,處 理器電路502可被實施為諸如Intel® Corporation(位於Santa Clara,California,USA)製造的一處理器等的一般用途處理器。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In some embodiments, the device 500 may include a processor circuit 502. Can use such as Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC) microprocessor, Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) microprocessor, Very Long Instruction Word (VLIW) A microprocessor, a processor compatible with the x86 instruction set, a processor that implements some combination of instruction sets, a multi-core processor such as a dual-core processor or dual-core mobile processor, or any other microprocessor or central The processor circuit 502 is implemented by any processor or logic device such as a central processing unit (CPU for short). The processor circuit 502 may also be implemented as a controller, a microcontroller, an embedded processor, a chip multiprocessor (CMP), a coprocessor, and a digital signal processor (DSP). , Network processor, media processor, Input/Output (Input/Output; I/O) processor, Media Access Control (MAC) processor, radio baseband processor, specific application product A dedicated processor such as Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), and Programmable Logic Device (PLD). In one embodiment, for example, The processor circuit 502 may be implemented as a general-purpose processor such as a processor manufactured by Intel Corporation (located in Santa Clara, California, USA). These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在各實施例中,設備500可包含或被配置成在通訊上耦合到一記憶體單元504。可使用其中包括揮發性及非揮發性記憶體之能夠儲存資料的任何機器可讀取的或電腦可讀取的媒體實施記憶體單元504。例如,記憶體單元504可包括唯讀記憶體(Read Only Memory;簡稱ROM)、隨機存取記憶體(Random Access Memory;簡稱RAM)、動態機存取記憶體(Dynamic RAM;簡稱DRAM)、雙倍資料速率動態機存取記憶體(Double-Data-Rate DRAM;簡稱DDRAM)、同步動態機存取記憶體(Synchronous DRAM;簡稱SDRAM)、靜態機存取記憶體(Static RAM;簡稱SRAM)、可程式唯讀記憶體(Programmable ROM;簡稱PROM)、可抹除可程式唯讀記憶體(Erasable Programmable ROM;簡稱EPROM)、電氣可抹除可程式唯讀記憶體(Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM;簡稱EEPROM)、快閃記憶體、諸如鐵電聚合物記憶體等的聚合物記憶體、雙向記憶體(ovonic memory)、相變化或鐵電記憶體、矽-氧化物-氮化物-氧化物-矽(Silicon-Oxide-Nitride-Oxide-Silicon;簡稱SONOS)記憶體、磁卡或光學卡、或適於儲存資訊之任何其他類型的媒體。值得注意的是:記憶體單元504的某些部分或全部可被包含在與處理器電路502相同的積體電路中,或者記憶體單元504的某 些部分或全部可被配置在一積體電路或處理器電路502的積體電路外部之諸如一硬碟機等的其他媒體中。雖然記憶體單元504被包含在第5圖中之設備500內,但是在某些實施例中,記憶體單元504可在設備500的外部。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In various embodiments, the device 500 may include or be configured to be communicatively coupled to a memory unit 504. The memory unit 504 may be implemented using any machine-readable or computer-readable medium that can store data, including volatile and non-volatile memory. For example, the memory unit 504 may include read only memory (Read Only Memory; ROM for short), random access memory (Random Access Memory; RAM for short), dynamic RAM (Dynamic RAM; DRAM for short), dual Double-data-rate dynamic machine access memory (Double-Data-Rate DRAM; referred to as DDRAM), synchronous dynamic machine access memory (Synchronous DRAM; referred to as SDRAM), static machine access memory (Static RAM; referred to as SRAM), Programmable ROM (PROM), Erasable Programmable ROM (EPROM), Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM (EEPROM) ), flash memory, polymer memory such as ferroelectric polymer memory, bidirectional memory (ovonic memory), phase change or ferroelectric memory, silicon-oxide-nitride-oxide-silicon ( Silicon-Oxide-Nitride-Oxide-Silicon (SONOS for short) memory, magnetic or optical card, or any other type of media suitable for storing information. It is worth noting that some or all of the memory unit 504 may be included in the same integrated circuit as the processor circuit 502, or some of the memory unit 504 Some or all of them may be configured in an integrated circuit or other medium outside the integrated circuit of the processor circuit 502, such as a hard disk drive. Although the memory unit 504 is included in the device 500 in FIG. 5, in some embodiments, the memory unit 504 may be external to the device 500. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在某些實施例中,設備500可包含一通訊組件506。通訊組件506可包含可操作而將訊息傳送到一或多個遠端裝置且/或自一或多個遠端裝置接收訊息之邏輯、電路、及/或指令。在各實施例中,通訊組件506可操作而經由一或多個有線連接、一或多個無線連接、或以上兩者的一組合傳送且/或接收訊息。在某些實施例中,通訊組件506可額外地包含可操作而執行用於支援此類通訊的各種操作之邏輯、電路、及/或指令。此類操作之例子可包括傳輸及/或接收參數及/或時序之選擇、封包及/或協定資料單元(Protocol Data Unit;簡稱PDU)建構及/或解構、編碼及/或解碼、錯誤偵測、及/或錯誤修正。該等實施例不限於這些例子。 In some embodiments, the device 500 may include a communication component 506. The communication component 506 may include logic, circuits, and/or instructions operable to send messages to and/or receive messages from one or more remote devices. In various embodiments, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit and/or receive messages via one or more wired connections, one or more wireless connections, or a combination of the two. In some embodiments, the communication component 506 may additionally include logic, circuits, and/or instructions operable to perform various operations for supporting such communication. Examples of such operations may include selection of transmission and/or reception parameters and/or timing, packet and/or protocol data unit (Protocol Data Unit; PDU for short) construction and/or deconstruction, encoding and/or decoding, error detection , And/or bug fixes. The embodiments are not limited to these examples.

在各實施例中,設備500及/或系統540可包含一決定組件508。決定組件508可操作而執行用於支援設備500及/或系統540執行的行動管理操作之各種類型的決定及/或決策。在某些實施例中,決定組件508可操作而執行影響到設備500及/或系統540包含一MME的一無線網路中之一或多個UE的一或多個連接的建立、啟動、及/或釋放之一或多個決定及/或決策。該等實施例不限 於該情境。 In various embodiments, the device 500 and/or the system 540 may include a decision component 508. The decision component 508 is operable to perform various types of decisions and/or decisions for supporting the action management operations performed by the device 500 and/or the system 540. In some embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to perform the establishment, activation, and activation of one or more connections affecting one or more UEs in a wireless network where the device 500 and/or system 540 includes an MME /Or release one or more decisions and/or decisions. The embodiments are not limited In this context.

第5圖也示出一系統540之一方塊圖。系統540可包含設備500的任何前文所述之元件。系統540可進一步包含一射頻(Radio Frequency;簡稱RF)收發器544。RF收發器544可包含能夠使用各種適當的無線通訊技術傳輸且接收信號之一或多個無線電裝置。此類技術可能涉及跨越一或多個無線網路之通訊。例示之無線網路包括(但不限於)無線區域網路(Wireless Local Area Network;簡稱WLAN)、無線個人區域網路(Wireless Personal Area Network;簡稱WPAN)、無線都會區域網路(Wireless Metropolitan Area Network;簡稱WMAN)、細胞式網路、及衛星網路。在跨越此類網路而通訊時,RF收發器544可根據一或多種適用標準的任何版本而操作。該等實施例不限於該情境。 Figure 5 also shows a block diagram of a system 540. System 540 may include any of the aforementioned elements of device 500. The system 540 may further include a radio frequency (Radio Frequency; RF for short) transceiver 544. The RF transceiver 544 may include one or more radio devices capable of transmitting and receiving signals using various suitable wireless communication technologies. Such technologies may involve communication across one or more wireless networks. Exemplary wireless networks include (but are not limited to) Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN), and Wireless Metropolitan Area Network ; Referred to as WMAN), cellular networks, and satellite networks. When communicating across such networks, the RF transceiver 544 may operate according to any version of one or more applicable standards. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在某些實施例中,系統540可包含一或多個RF天線557。任何特定RF天線557之例子可其中包括(但不限於)內部天線、全向天線、單極天線(monopole antenna)、雙極天線(dipole antenna)、端饋天線(end-fed antenna)、圓形極化天線(circularly polarized antenna)、微帶天線(microstrip antenna)、分集天線(diversity antenna)、雙天線(dual antenna)、三頻帶天線(tri-band antenna)、以及四頻帶天線(quad-band antenna)等的天線。在各實施例中,RF收發器544可操作而使用一或多個RF天線557傳送且/或接收訊息及/或資料。該等實施例不 限於該情境。 In some embodiments, the system 540 may include one or more RF antennas 557. Examples of any particular RF antenna 557 may include (but are not limited to) internal antennas, omnidirectional antennas, monopole antennas, dipole antennas, end-fed antennas, circular Polarized antenna (circularly polarized antenna), microstrip antenna (diversity antenna), dual antenna (dual antenna), tri-band antenna (tri-band antenna), and quad-band antenna (quad-band antenna) ) Wait for the antenna. In various embodiments, the RF transceiver 544 is operable to use one or more RF antennas 557 to transmit and/or receive messages and/or data. These examples do not Limited to this situation.

在各實施例中,設備500及/或系統540可包含一MME。更具體而言,設備500及/或系統540可包含在回應一UE 550的一行動事件而執行的一行動程序之後的該UE 550之一服務MME。在某些實施例中,該行動程序可包含一TAU程序。在各種此類實施例中,設備500及/或系統540可包含在該TAU程序期間與UE 550的一舊MME通訊之一新MME。在某些實施例中,設備500及/或系統540亦可包含在該TAU程序之前的該UE之服務MME。在各實施例中,該行動程序可包含一交遞程序。在某些實施例中,設備500及/或系統540可包含該交遞程序之一目標MME。在各其他實施例中,該UE之服務MME於該交遞程序期間可不改變,且因而設備500及/或系統540亦可包含在該交遞程序之前的該UE之服務MME。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In various embodiments, the device 500 and/or the system 540 may include an MME. More specifically, the device 500 and/or the system 540 may include a serving MME of the UE 550 after an action procedure executed in response to an action event of the UE 550. In some embodiments, the action program may include a TAU program. In various such embodiments, device 500 and/or system 540 may include a new MME that communicates with an old MME of UE 550 during the TAU procedure. In some embodiments, the device 500 and/or the system 540 may also include the serving MME of the UE before the TAU procedure. In various embodiments, the action procedure may include a delivery procedure. In some embodiments, device 500 and/or system 540 may include a target MME of the handover procedure. In various other embodiments, the serving MME of the UE may not change during the handover procedure, and thus the device 500 and/or system 540 may also include the serving MME of the UE before the handover procedure. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在某些實施例中,於UE 550的一行動程序期間,通訊組件506可操作而接收一行動程序通知510。行動程序通知510可包含用於大致指示已啟動UE 550的該行動程序之一訊息。在各實施例中,該行動程序可包含一TAU程序,且行動程序通知510可包含自包含在該TAU程序之後的UE 550的一服務eNB之一eNB 560接收之一TAU要求訊息。在某些實施例中,該行動程序可包含一交遞程序,且行動程序通知510可包含自MME 570接收的一前向重定位要求(forward relocation request),該要求包含 在該交遞程序之前的UE 550之一服務MME。在另外的其他實施例中,該行動程序可包含一交遞程序,且行動程序通知510可包含自一eNB接收的一需要交遞訊息,該訊息在該交遞程序之前的UE 550之一服務eNB。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In some embodiments, during an action procedure of the UE 550, the communication component 506 is operable to receive an action procedure notification 510. The action program notification 510 may include a message that roughly indicates that the UE 550 has started the action program. In various embodiments, the mobile procedure may include a TAU procedure, and the mobile procedure notification 510 may include a TAU request message received from an eNB 560 of one of the serving eNBs of the UE 550 included after the TAU procedure. In some embodiments, the action procedure may include a handover procedure, and the action procedure notification 510 may include a forward relocation request received from the MME 570, the request including One of the UEs 550 before the handover procedure serves the MME. In still other embodiments, the mobile procedure may include a delivery procedure, and the mobile procedure notification 510 may include a delivery-required message received from an eNB that is served by one of the UEs 550 before the delivery procedure eNB. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在各實施例中,在該行動程序之前,UE 550可能已建立了一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在某些實施例中,決定組件508可操作而決定在該行動程序之後是否釋放UE 550的該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在各實施例中,決定組件508可操作而根據UE 550之LHN-ID 512決定是否釋放UE 550的該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在某些實施例中,決定組件508可操作而回應根據LHN-ID 512作出的該行動程序造成UE550的LHN改變之一決定,而決定釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。在各實施例中,決定組件508可操作而回應根據LHN-ID 512作出的該行動程序並未造成UE 550的LHN改變之一決定,而決定不釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 In various embodiments, prior to the action procedure, the UE 550 may have established a SIPTO@LN PDN connection. In some embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to decide whether to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550 after the action procedure. In various embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to decide whether to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550 according to the LHN-ID 512 of the UE 550. In some embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to decide to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection in response to a decision that the action procedure made according to the LHN-ID 512 caused the LHN of the UE 550 to change. In various embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to respond to a decision made by the LHN-ID 512 that the action procedure did not cause the UE 550's LHN to change, and decide not to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在某些實施例中,通訊組件506可操作而接收含有LHN-ID 512的一行動程序控制訊息514。在各實施例中,行動程序控制訊息514可包含與行動程序通知510相同的訊息。例如,在某些實施例中,該行動程序可包含一交遞程序,且行動程序通知510可包含一含有LHN-ID 512的前向重定位要求訊息。在各其他實施例中,行動程序控制訊息514可包含與行動程序通知510不同的一訊息。例 如,在某些實施例中,該行動程序可包含一TAU程序,行動程序通知510可包含一TAU要求訊息,且行動程序控制訊息514可包含一含有LHN-ID 512的情境回應訊息。在另外的其他實施例中,通訊組件506可不操作而接收含有LHN-ID 512的一行動程序控制訊息514。例如,在各實施例中,設備500及/或系統540可包含在該行動程序之前的以及在在該行動程序之後的UE 550之服務MME,且決定組件508可操作而自記憶體單元504的儲存中擷取LHN-ID 512。我們應可了解:雖然第5圖之例子示出了含有LHN-ID 512的一行動程序控制訊息514,且示出了不同於行動程序通知510的行動程序控制訊息514,但是該等實施例不限於此例子。 In some embodiments, the communication component 506 is operable to receive a mobile program control message 514 containing the LHN-ID 512. In various embodiments, the mobile program control message 514 may include the same message as the mobile program notification 510. For example, in some embodiments, the action procedure may include a handover procedure, and the action procedure notification 510 may include a forward relocation request message containing LHN-ID 512. In various other embodiments, the mobile program control message 514 may include a message different from the mobile program notification 510. example For example, in some embodiments, the mobile program may include a TAU program, mobile program notification 510 may include a TAU request message, and mobile program control message 514 may include a context response message containing LHN-ID 512. In still other embodiments, the communication component 506 may not operate and receive a mobile program control message 514 containing the LHN-ID 512. For example, in various embodiments, the device 500 and/or the system 540 may include the service MME of the UE 550 before the action procedure and after the action procedure, and the decision component 508 may operate from the memory unit 504 Retrieve LHN-ID 512 from storage. We should understand that although the example in FIG. 5 shows a mobile program control message 514 containing LHN-ID 512, and shows a mobile program control message 514 different from the mobile program notification 510, these embodiments do not Limited to this example.

在某些實施例中,回應將要釋放UE 550的該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之一決定,決定組件508可操作而選擇用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的一程序。在各實施例中,決定組件508可操作而根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否包含UE 550的唯一的PDN連接之一決定選擇用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的該程序。在某些實施例中,回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含UE 550的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,決定組件508可操作而選擇用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的一MME啟動之分離程序。在各實施例中,回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含UE 550的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,決定組件508可操作而選擇用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的一MME要求之PDN 切斷程序。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In some embodiments, in response to a decision to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550, the decision component 508 is operable to select a procedure for releasing the SIPTO@LN PDN connection. In various embodiments, the decision component 508 is operable to decide which program to use to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection based on whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains one of the UE's 550 unique PDN connections. In some embodiments, in response to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains one of the only PDN connections of the UE 550, the decision component 508 is operable to select an MME-initiated separation procedure for releasing the SIPTO@LN PDN connection. In various embodiments, in response to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not include one of the only PDN connections of the UE 550, the decision component 508 is operable to select the PDN required by an MME to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection Cut off the program. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在某些實施例中,在該行動程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送一連接釋放啟動訊息516,以便根據被選擇的程序而啟動該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的釋放。在各實施例中,該被選擇的程序可包含一MME啟動之分離程序,且連接釋放啟動訊息516可包含一分離要求訊息。在某些其他實施例中,該被選擇的程序可包含一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,且連接釋放啟動訊息516可包含一刪除會談層要求訊息。在各實施例中,連接釋放啟動訊息516可指示將在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。該等實施例不限於該情境。 In some embodiments, after the action procedure, the communication component 506 is operable to send a connection release initiation message 516 to initiate the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection according to the selected procedure. In various embodiments, the selected procedure may include a separation procedure initiated by the MME, and the connection release activation message 516 may include a separation request message. In some other embodiments, the selected procedure may include a PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME, and the connection release activation message 516 may include a request message to delete the conversation layer. In various embodiments, the connection release activation message 516 may indicate that the PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME will be initiated under a cause of the restart request. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

可參照下列圖式及伴隨的例子而進一步說明上述實施例之操作。該等圖式中之某些圖式可包括邏輯流程。雖然本說明書中提供的此類圖式可包括特定的邏輯流程,但是我們應可了解:該邏輯流程只是提供了如何實施本發明所述的一般性功能之一例子。此外,除非另有指示,否則不必然需要按照所提供的順序執行特定的邏輯流程。此外,可以硬體元件、處理器執行的軟體元件、或以上各項的任何組合實施特定的邏輯流程。該等實施例不限於該情境。 The operation of the above embodiment can be further explained with reference to the following drawings and accompanying examples. Some of these diagrams may include logic flow. Although such diagrams provided in this specification may include a specific logic flow, we should understand that the logic flow only provides an example of how to implement the general functions described in the present invention. In addition, unless otherwise indicated, it is not necessarily necessary to perform a specific logic flow in the order provided. In addition, a specific logic flow may be implemented by hardware components, software components executed by a processor, or any combination of the above. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

第6圖示出可代表本發明所述的一或多個實施例執行的操作(例如,可由第5圖的設備500及/或系統540執行的操作)之一邏輯流程600之一實施例。更具體而言,邏輯流程600可代表設備500及/或系統540包含在一UE的一行動程序之後的該UE的一服務MME之某些實施 例。如邏輯流程600所示,在操作602中,可接收一UE的一行動程序之一通知。例如,第5圖之通訊組件506可操作而接收用於指示UE 550的一行動程序的啟動之一行動程序通知510。在操作604中,可決定是否釋放該UE的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而決定是否釋放UE 550的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。如果在操作604中決定不要釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則可終止該邏輯流程。如果在操作604中決定將要釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,則流程可進入操作606。 FIG. 6 illustrates an embodiment of a logic flow 600 that may represent operations performed by one or more embodiments described in the present invention (eg, operations that may be performed by the device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5). More specifically, the logic flow 600 may represent some implementations of a serving MME of a UE after the device 500 and/or system 540 includes an action procedure of the UE example. As shown in logic flow 600, in operation 602, a notification of an action procedure of a UE may be received. For example, the communication component 506 of FIG. 5 is operable to receive an action procedure notification 510 for instructing the UE 550 to start an action procedure. In operation 604, it may be determined whether to release a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to decide whether to release a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550. If in operation 604 it is decided not to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection, then the logic flow may be terminated. If it is decided in operation 604 that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is to be released, the flow may proceed to operation 606.

在操作606中,可選擇用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接的一程序。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否為UE 550的唯一PDN連接而選擇用於釋放UE 550的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接之一程序。在操作608中,在該行動程序之後,可啟動用於釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之該被選擇的程序。例如,在第5圖的UE 550的該行動程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送連接釋放啟動訊息516,以便啟動用於釋放UE 550的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接之一被選擇的程序。該等實施例不限於這些例子。 In operation 606, a procedure for releasing the SIPTO@LN PDN connection may be selected. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to select a procedure for releasing a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550 according to whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is the only PDN connection of the UE 550. In operation 608, after the action procedure, the selected procedure for releasing the SIPTO@LN PDN connection may be started. For example, after the action procedure of the UE 550 in FIG. 5, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit a connection release initiation message 516 to start a selected procedure for releasing one of the SIPTO@LN PDN connections of the UE 550. The embodiments are not limited to these examples.

第7圖示出可代表本發明所述的一或多個實施例執行的操作(例如,可由第5圖的設備500及/或系統540執行的操作)之一邏輯流程700之一實施例。更具體而言,邏輯流程700可代表設備500及/或系統540包含一UE 的一TAU程序中之該UE的一新MME之各實施例。如邏輯流程700所示,在操作702中,可接收用於指示一UE的一TAU程序的啟動之一TAU要求訊息。例如,第5圖之通訊組件506可操作而接收包含用於指示UE 550的一TAU程序的啟動的一TAU要求訊息之一行動程序通知510。在操作704中,可接收其中包含該UE的一LHN-ID之一情境回應訊息。例如,第5圖之通訊組件506可操作而接收其中包含一情境回應訊息且包括UE 550的一LHN-ID之一行動程序控制訊息514。在操作706中,可決定該UE的LHN是否根據該TAU程序而改變。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而根據LHN-ID 512決定UE 550的LHN是否根據UE 550的一TAU程序而改變。如果在操作706中決定該UE的LHN並未根據該TAU程序而改變,則該邏輯流程可終止。如果在操作706中決定該UE的LHN根據該TAU程序而改變,則流程可進入操作708。 FIG. 7 illustrates an embodiment of a logic flow 700 that may represent an operation performed by one or more embodiments described in the present invention (eg, an operation performed by the device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5). More specifically, the logic flow 700 may represent that the device 500 and/or the system 540 includes a UE Embodiments of a new MME for the UE in a TAU procedure of As shown in the logic flow 700, in operation 702, a TAU request message indicating the start of a TAU procedure for a UE may be received. For example, the communication component 506 of FIG. 5 is operable to receive an action procedure notification 510 including a TAU request message for instructing the UE 550 to start a TAU procedure. In operation 704, a context response message including an LHN-ID of the UE may be received. For example, the communication component 506 of FIG. 5 is operable to receive a mobile program control message 514 that includes a context response message and includes an LHN-ID of the UE 550. In operation 706, it may be determined whether the LHN of the UE changes according to the TAU procedure. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to determine whether the LHN of the UE 550 is changed according to a TAU procedure of the UE 550 according to the LHN-ID 512. If it is determined in operation 706 that the LHN of the UE has not changed according to the TAU procedure, the logic flow may be terminated. If it is determined in operation 706 that the LHN of the UE is changed according to the TAU procedure, the flow may proceed to operation 708.

在操作708中,可決定該UE的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而決定UE 550的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否包含UE 550之唯一的PDN連接。如果在操作708中決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接,則流程可進入操作710。在操作710中,在該UE的該TAU程序之後,可啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,以便釋放該UE之該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。例 如,在第5圖的UE 550的一TAU程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送其中包含一刪除會談層要求訊息的一連接釋放啟動訊息516,而啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,以便釋放UE 550之一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。如果在操作708中決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接,則流程可進入操作712。在操作712中,在該UE的該TAU程序之後,可啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,以便釋放該UE之該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。例如,在第5圖的UE 550的一TAU程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送其中包含一分離要求訊息的一連接釋放啟動訊息516,而啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,以便釋放UE 550之一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。該等實施例不限於這些例子。 In operation 708, it may be determined whether a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE includes the UE's unique PDN connection. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to determine whether a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550 includes the UE's only PDN connection. If it is determined in operation 708 that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not contain the UE's unique PDN connection, the flow may proceed to operation 710. In operation 710, after the TAU procedure of the UE, a PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME may be started to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. example For example, after a TAU procedure of the UE 550 in FIG. 5, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit a connection release activation message 516 including a delete session request message, and initiate a PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME, in order to One of the UE 550 SIPTO@LN PDN connections is released. If it is determined in operation 708 that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains the UE's unique PDN connection, the flow may proceed to operation 712. In operation 712, after the TAU procedure of the UE, an MME-initiated separation procedure may be started to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. For example, after a TAU procedure of the UE 550 in FIG. 5, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit a connection release activation message 516 which includes a separation request message, and initiate an MME initiated separation procedure to release the UE 550 A SIPTO@LN PDN connection. The embodiments are not limited to these examples.

第8圖示出可代表本發明所述的一或多個實施例執行的操作(例如,可由第5圖的設備500及/或系統540執行的操作)之一邏輯流程800之一實施例。更具體而言,邏輯流程800可代表設備500及/或系統540包含一UE的一交遞程序之一目標MME之某些實施例。如邏輯流程800所示,在操作802中,可接收用於指示一UE的一交遞程序的啟動且包含該UE的一LHN-ID之一前向重定位要求訊息。例如,第5圖之通訊組件506可操作而接收其中包含一含有UE 550的一LHN-ID 512且指示UE 550的一交遞程序的啟動的前向重定位要求訊息之一行動程序通知510。在操作804中,可決定該UE的LHN是否根據該 交遞程序而改變。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而根據LHN-ID 512決定UE 550的LHN是否根據UE 550的一交遞程序而改變。如果在操作804中決定該UE的LHN並未根據該交遞程序而改變,則該邏輯流程可終止。如果在操作804中決定該UE的LHN根據該交遞程序而改變,則流程可進入操作806。 FIG. 8 illustrates an embodiment of a logic flow 800 that may represent operations performed by one or more embodiments described in the present invention (eg, operations that may be performed by the device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5). More specifically, the logic flow 800 may represent some embodiments of the target MME where the device 500 and/or system 540 includes a handover procedure of a UE. As shown in logic flow 800, in operation 802, a forward relocation request message for indicating the start of a handover procedure for a UE and including an LHN-ID of the UE may be received. For example, the communication component 506 of FIG. 5 is operable to receive an action procedure notification 510 which includes a forward relocation request message containing an LHN-ID 512 of the UE 550 and indicating the start of a handover procedure of the UE 550. In operation 804, it may be determined whether the LHN of the UE is based on the Change the delivery procedure. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to determine whether the LHN of the UE 550 is changed according to a handover procedure of the UE 550 according to the LHN-ID 512. If it is determined in operation 804 that the LHN of the UE has not changed according to the handover procedure, the logic flow may be terminated. If it is determined in operation 804 that the LHN of the UE is changed according to the handover procedure, the flow may proceed to operation 806.

在操作806中,可決定該UE的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接。例如,第5圖之決定組件508可操作而決定UE 550的一SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否包含UE 550之唯一的PDN連接。如果在操作806中決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接,則流程可進入操作808。在操作808中,在該UE的該交遞程序之後,可啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,以便釋放該UE之該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。例如,在第5圖的UE 550的一交遞程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送其中包含一刪除會談層要求訊息的一連接釋放啟動訊息516,而啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,以便釋放UE 550之一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。如果在操作806中決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該UE之唯一的PDN連接,則流程可進入操作810。在操作810中,在該UE的該交遞程序之後,可啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,以便釋放該UE之該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。例如,在第5圖的UE 550的一交遞程序之後,通訊組件506可操作而傳送其中包含一分離要求訊息的一連接釋放 啟動訊息516,而啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,以便釋放UE 550之一SIPTO@LN PDN連接。該等實施例不限於這些例子。 In operation 806, it may be determined whether a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE includes the unique PDN connection of the UE. For example, the decision component 508 of FIG. 5 is operable to determine whether a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550 includes the UE's only PDN connection. If it is determined in operation 806 that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not contain the UE's unique PDN connection, the flow may proceed to operation 808. In operation 808, after the handover procedure of the UE, a PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME may be started to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. For example, after a handover procedure of the UE 550 in FIG. 5, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit a connection release activation message 516 including a delete session request message, and initiate a PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME, In order to release one of the UE 550 SIPTO@LN PDN connections. If it is determined in operation 806 that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains the UE's unique PDN connection, the flow may proceed to operation 810. In operation 810, after the handover procedure of the UE, an MME-initiated separation procedure may be started to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE. For example, after a handover procedure of the UE 550 in FIG. 5, the communication component 506 is operable to transmit a connection release including a separation request message The activation message 516 initiates an MME-initiated separation procedure to release a SIPTO@LN PDN connection of the UE 550. The embodiments are not limited to these examples.

第9圖示出一儲存媒體900之一實施例。儲存媒體900可包含諸如光學、磁性、或半導體儲存媒體等的任何非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體或機器可讀取的儲存媒體。在各實施例中,儲存媒體900可包含一製品。在某些實施例中,儲存媒體900可儲存諸如用於執行第6圖的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、及第8圖的邏輯流程800中之一或多個邏輯流程之電腦可執行的指令等的電腦可執行的指令。電腦可讀取的儲存媒體或機器可讀取的儲存媒體之例子可包含能夠儲存電子資料的任何有形媒體,其中包括揮發性記憶體或非揮發性記憶體、抽取式或非抽取式媒體、可抹除或非可抹除記憶體、以及可寫入或可覆寫記憶體等的有形媒體。電腦可執行的指令之例子可包括諸如原始碼、編譯的碼、直譯的碼、可執行的碼、靜態碼、動態碼、物件導向碼、及視覺碼等的任何適當類型的碼。該等實施例不限於該情境。 FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of a storage medium 900. The storage media 900 may include any non-transitory computer-readable storage media such as optical, magnetic, or semiconductor storage media, or machine-readable storage media. In various embodiments, the storage medium 900 may include an article. In some embodiments, the storage medium 900 may store a computer such as one or more logic flows for executing the logic flow 600 of FIG. 6, the logic flow 700 of FIG. 7, and the logic flow 800 of FIG. 8. Computer executable instructions such as executable instructions. Examples of computer-readable storage media or machine-readable storage media may include any tangible media capable of storing electronic data, including volatile or non-volatile memory, removable or non-removable media, Tangible media such as erasable or non-erasable memory, and writable or overwritable memory. Examples of computer-executable instructions may include any suitable type of code such as source code, compiled code, transliterated code, executable code, static code, dynamic code, object-oriented code, and visual code. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

第10圖示出可實施第5圖的設備500及/或系統540、第6圖的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、第8圖的邏輯流程800、及/或第9圖的儲存媒體900中之一者或多者的一通訊裝置1000。在各實施例中,裝置1000可包含一邏輯電路1028。邏輯電路1028可包括用於執行針對諸如第5圖的設備500及/或系統540、第6圖 的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、及第8圖的邏輯流程800中之一者或多者所述的操作之實體電路。如第10圖所示,裝置1000可包含一無線電介面1010、基頻電路1020、及計算平台1030,但是該等實施例不限於該組態。 FIG. 10 shows a device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5, logic flow 600 of FIG. 6, logic flow 700 of FIG. 7, logic flow 800 of FIG. 8, and/or FIG. 9 A communication device 1000 storing one or more of the storage media 900. In various embodiments, the device 1000 may include a logic circuit 1028. The logic circuit 1028 may include a device 500 and/or system 540 for performing operations such as FIG. 5 and FIG. 6. The physical circuit of the operation described in one or more of the logic flow 600 of FIG. 7, the logic flow 700 of FIG. 7, and the logic flow 800 of FIG. 8. As shown in FIG. 10, the device 1000 may include a radio interface 1010, a baseband circuit 1020, and a computing platform 1030, but the embodiments are not limited to this configuration.

裝置1000可實施第5圖的設備500及/或系統540、第6圖的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、第8圖的邏輯流程800、第9圖的儲存媒體900、以及單一計算實體中之(例如,完全在單一裝置內之)邏輯電路1028中之一者或多者的某些或所有結構及/或操作。或者,裝置1000可使用諸如主從式架構(client-server architecture)、3層式架構(3-tier architecture)、N層式架構、緊耦合(tightly-coupled)或叢集架構、點對點架構(peer-to-peer architecture)、主從式架構(master-slave architecture)、共享資料庫(shared database)架構、及其他類型的分散式系統等的分散式系統架構而分散第5圖的設備500及/或系統540、第6圖的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、第8圖的邏輯流程800、第9圖的儲存媒體900、以及跨越多個計算實體的邏輯電路1028中之一者或多者的結構及/或操作之一些部分。該等實施例不限於該情境。 The device 1000 may implement the device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5, the logic flow 600 of FIG. 6, the logic flow 700 of FIG. 7, the logic flow 800 of FIG. 8, the storage medium 900 of FIG. 9, and a single Some or all structures and/or operations of one or more of the logic circuits 1028 in the computing entity (eg, entirely within a single device). Alternatively, the device 1000 may use, for example, a client-server architecture, a 3-tier architecture, an N-tier architecture, a tightly-coupled or cluster architecture, and a peer-to-peer architecture. to-peer architecture, master-slave architecture, shared database architecture, and other types of decentralized systems such as decentralized system architectures to decentralize the device 500 of Figure 5 and/or One of the system 540, the logic flow 600 of FIG. 6, the logic flow 700 of FIG. 7, the logic flow 800 of FIG. 8, the storage medium 900 of FIG. 9, and the logic circuit 1028 that spans multiple computing entities or Some of the structure and/or operation of many. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

在一實施例中,無線電介面1010可包含適於發射且/或接收單載波或多載波調變信號(例如,包括互補碼鍵控(Complementary Code Keying;簡稱CCK)及/或正交分 頻多工(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing;簡稱OFDM)系統)之組件或組件的組合,但是該等實施例不限於任何特定的空中介面(over-the-air interface)或調變架構。無線電介面1010可包含諸如一接收器1012、一頻率合成器1014、及/或一發射器1016。無線電介面1010可包含偏壓控制、一晶體振盪器、及/或一或多個天線1018-f。在另一實施例中,無線電介面1010可視需要而使用外部電壓控制振盪器(Voltage-Controlled Oscillator;簡稱VCO)、表面聲波濾波器(surface acoustic wave filter)、中頻(Intermediate Frequency;簡稱IF)濾波器、及/或射頻(RF)濾波器。由於有多種可能的射頻介面設計,所以省略了對此類射頻介面設計的詳細說明。 In one embodiment, the radio interface 1010 may include single-carrier or multi-carrier modulation signals suitable for transmitting and/or receiving (eg, including complementary code keying (CCK) and/or orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system), or a combination of components, but these embodiments are not limited to any specific over-the-air interface or modulation architecture. The radio interface 1010 may include, for example, a receiver 1012, a frequency synthesizer 1014, and/or a transmitter 1016. The radio interface 1010 may include bias control, a crystal oscillator, and/or one or more antennas 1018- f . In another embodiment, the radio interface 1010 may use an external voltage-controlled oscillator (Voltage-Controlled Oscillator; VCO for short), a surface acoustic wave filter, and an intermediate frequency (IF) filter as needed. And/or radio frequency (RF) filters. Because there are many possible RF interface designs, detailed descriptions of such RF interface designs are omitted.

基頻電路1020可與無線電介面1010通訊,而處理接收及/或發射信號,且可包含諸如用於對接收信號進行下轉換之一類比至數位轉換器1022、用於對信號進行上轉換以供傳輸之一數位至類比轉換器1024。此外,基頻電路1020可包含一基頻或實體層(PHY)處理電路1026,用以對各別的接收/發射信號進行PHY鏈接層處理。基頻電路1020可包含諸如一媒體存取控制(MAC)處理電路1027,用以執行MAC/資料鏈接層處理。基頻電路1020可包含一記憶體控制器1032,用以諸如經由一或多個介面1034而與MAC處理電路1027及/或一計算平台1030通訊。 The baseband circuit 1020 can communicate with the radio interface 1010 to process received and/or transmitted signals, and can include an analog-to-digital converter 1022, such as for down-converting the received signal, for up-converting the signal for Transfer one digit to the analog converter 1024. In addition, the baseband circuit 1020 may include a baseband or physical layer (PHY) processing circuit 1026 for performing PHY link layer processing on each received/transmitted signal. The baseband circuit 1020 may include a media access control (MAC) processing circuit 1027 for performing MAC/data link layer processing. The baseband circuit 1020 may include a memory controller 1032 for communicating with the MAC processing circuit 1027 and/or a computing platform 1030, such as through one or more interfaces 1034.

在某些實施例中,PHY處理電路1026可包含一訊框 建構及/或偵測模組,用以配合諸如一緩衝記憶體等的額外的電路而建構及/或解構訊框。替代地或額外地,MAC處理電路1027可共享對這些功能中之某些功能的處理,或可以獨立於PHY處理電路1026之方式執行這些處理。在某些實施例中,MAC及PHY處理可被整合到一單一的電路中。 In some embodiments, the PHY processing circuit 1026 may include a frame The construction and/or detection module is used to construct and/or deconstruct the frame in conjunction with additional circuits such as a buffer memory. Alternatively or additionally, the MAC processing circuit 1027 may share the processing of some of these functions, or these processes may be performed independently of the PHY processing circuit 1026. In some embodiments, MAC and PHY processing can be integrated into a single circuit.

計算平台1030可將計算功能提供給裝置1000。如圖所示,計算平台1030可包含一處理組件1040。在基頻電路1020之外或替代基頻電路1020之情形下,裝置1000可使用處理組件1040執行第5圖的設備500及/或系統540、第6圖的邏輯流程600、第7圖的邏輯流程700、第8圖的邏輯流程800、第9圖的儲存媒體900、以及邏輯電路1028中之一者或多者的處理操作或邏輯。處理組件1040(及/或PHY 1026及/或MAC 1027)可包含各種硬體元件、軟體元件、或以上兩者的一組合。硬體元件之例子可包括裝置、邏輯裝置、組件、處理器、微處理器、電路、處理器電路、電路元件(例如,電晶體、電阻、電容、及電感等的電路元件)、積體電路、特定應用積體電路(ASIC)、可程式邏輯裝置(PLD)、數位信號處理器(DSP)、現場可程式閘陣列(FPGA)、記憶體單元、邏輯閘、暫存器、半導體裝置、晶片、微晶片、及晶片組等的硬體元件。軟體元件之例子可包括軟體組件、程式、應用軟體、電腦程式、應用程式、系統程式、軟體開發程式、機器程式、作業系統軟體、中間軟體、韌體、軟體模 組、常式、次常式、函式、方法、程序、軟體介面、應用程式介面(Application Program Interface;簡稱API)、指令集、運算碼、碼段、電腦碼段、字、值、符碼、或以上各項的任何組合。可根據諸如所需計算速率、功率位準、耐熱性、處理週期預算、輸入資料速率、輸出資料速率、記憶體資源、資料匯流排速度、以及特定實施例所需的任何其他設計或效能限制等的任何數目的因素而改變使用硬體元件及/或軟體元件實施一實施例的決定。 The computing platform 1030 may provide computing functions to the device 1000. As shown in the figure, the computing platform 1030 may include a processing component 1040. Outside the baseband circuit 1020 or in the case of replacing the baseband circuit 1020, the device 1000 may use the processing component 1040 to execute the device 500 and/or system 540 of FIG. 5, the logic flow 600 of FIG. 6, the logic of FIG. 7 The processing operation or logic of one or more of the process 700, the logic process 800 of FIG. 8, the storage medium 900 of FIG. 9, and the logic circuit 1028. The processing component 1040 (and/or PHY 1026 and/or MAC 1027) may include various hardware components, software components, or a combination of both. Examples of hardware components may include devices, logic devices, components, processors, microprocessors, circuits, processor circuits, circuit components (eg, circuit components such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, and inductors), integrated circuits , Application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), programmable logic device (PLD), digital signal processor (DSP), field programmable gate array (FPGA), memory unit, logic gate, register, semiconductor device, chip , Microchips, and chipsets and other hardware components. Examples of software components may include software components, programs, application software, computer programs, applications, system programs, software development programs, machine programs, operating system software, middleware, firmware, software models Group, routine, subroutine, function, method, procedure, software interface, application program interface (API), instruction set, operation code, code segment, computer code segment, word, value, symbol , Or any combination of the above. Can be based on factors such as required calculation rate, power level, heat resistance, processing cycle budget, input data rate, output data rate, memory resources, data bus speed, and any other design or performance limitations required by specific embodiments, etc. Any number of factors change the decision to implement an embodiment using hardware components and/or software components.

計算平台1030可進一步包含其他平台組件1050。其他平台組件1050包括諸如一或多個處理器、多核心處理器、共處理器、記憶體單元、晶片組、控制器、周邊裝置、介面、振盪器、計時裝置、視訊卡、音訊卡、多媒體輸入/輸出(I/O)組件(例如,數位顯示器)、以及電源等的常見計算元件。記憶體單元的例子可包括(但不限於)諸如唯讀記憶體(ROM)、隨機存取記憶體(RAM)、動態機存取記憶體(DRAM)、雙倍資料速率動態機存取記憶體(DDRAM)、同步動態機存取記憶體(SDRAM)、靜態機存取記憶體(SRAM)、可程式唯讀記憶體(PROM)、可抹除可程式唯讀記憶體(EPROM)、電氣可抹除可程式唯讀記憶體(EEPROM)、快閃記憶體、諸如鐵電聚合物記憶體等的聚合物記憶體、雙向記憶體、相變化或鐵電記憶體、矽-氧化物-氮化物-氧化物-矽(SONOS)記憶體、磁卡或光學卡、諸如獨立磁碟機備用陣列(Redundant Array of Independent Disks drives;簡稱 RAID)等的裝置陣列、固態記憶體裝置(例如,通用序列匯流排(USB)記憶體、固態硬碟(Solid State Drive;簡稱SSD)、以及適於儲存資訊之任何其他類型的媒體等的形式為一或多個較高速記憶體單元的各種類型之電腦可讀取的及機器可讀取的儲存媒體。 The computing platform 1030 may further include other platform components 1050. Other platform components 1050 include such as one or more processors, multi-core processors, co-processors, memory units, chipsets, controllers, peripherals, interfaces, oscillators, timing devices, video cards, audio cards, multimedia Input/output (I/O) components (eg, digital displays), and common computing components such as power supplies. Examples of memory units may include, but are not limited to, such as read only memory (ROM), random access memory (RAM), dynamic machine access memory (DRAM), double data rate dynamic machine access memory (DDRAM), synchronous dynamic machine access memory (SDRAM), static machine access memory (SRAM), programmable read-only memory (PROM), erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM), electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM), flash memory, polymer memory such as ferroelectric polymer memory, bidirectional memory, phase change or ferroelectric memory, silicon-oxide-nitride -Oxide-silicon (SONOS) memory, magnetic or optical cards, such as Redundant Array of Independent Disks drives; abbreviated RAID), device arrays, solid-state memory devices (eg, Universal Serial Bus (USB) memory, solid state drives (SSD), and any other type of media suitable for storing information, etc. Various types of computer-readable and machine-readable storage media for one or more higher-speed memory units.

裝置1000可以是諸如超級行動裝置、行動裝置、固定裝置、機器對機器(Machine-to-Machine;簡稱M2M)裝置、個人數位助理(Personal Digital Assistant;簡稱PDA)、行動計算裝置、智慧型手機、電話、數位電話、細胞式電話、用戶設備、電子書(eBook)閱讀器、手機、單向呼叫器、雙向呼叫器、傳訊裝置、電腦、個人電腦(Personal Computer;簡稱PC)、桌上型電腦、膝上型電腦、筆記型電腦、簡易筆記型電腦、手持電腦、平板電腦、伺服器、伺服器陣列或伺服器場(server farm)、網站伺服器(web server)、網路伺服器、網際網路伺服器、工作站、迷你電腦、主機電腦、超級電腦、網路裝置、網頁裝置、分散式計算系統、多處理器系統、基於處理器的系統、消費電子產品、可程式消費電子產品、遊戲裝置、顯示器、電視、數位電視、機上盒、無線存取點、基地台、節點B、用戶台、行動用戶中心、無線電網路控制器、路由器、集線器、閘道器、橋接器、交換器、機器、或以上各項的組合。因此,在裝置1000的各種實施例中,可能視需要而包含或省略本發明所述的裝置1000之一些功能及/或特定組態。 The device 1000 may be such as a super mobile device, a mobile device, a fixed device, a machine-to-machine (M2M) device, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a mobile computing device, a smartphone, Telephones, digital phones, cellular phones, user equipment, eBook readers, mobile phones, one-way pagers, two-way pagers, messaging devices, computers, personal computers (PCs), desktop computers , Laptops, laptops, simple laptops, handheld computers, tablets, servers, server arrays or server farms, web servers, web servers, Internet Network servers, workstations, minicomputers, host computers, supercomputers, network devices, web devices, distributed computing systems, multiprocessor systems, processor-based systems, consumer electronics, programmable consumer electronics, games Devices, monitors, TVs, digital TVs, set-top boxes, wireless access points, base stations, Node B, subscriber stations, mobile user centers, radio network controllers, routers, hubs, gateways, bridges, switches , Machine, or a combination of the above. Therefore, in various embodiments of the device 1000, some functions and/or specific configurations of the device 1000 according to the present invention may be included or omitted as needed.

可使用單輸入單輸出(Single Input Single Output;簡稱SISO)架構實施裝置1000之實施例。然而,某些實施例可將適應性天線技術用於波束成形(beamforming)或分空間多重進接(Spatial Division Multiple Access;簡稱SDMA)且/或使用多輸入多輸出(MIMO)通訊技術,而包含用於傳輸及/或接收的多個天線(例如,天線1018-f)。 An embodiment of the device 1000 may be implemented using a Single Input Single Output (SISO) architecture. However, some embodiments may use adaptive antenna technology for beamforming or Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA) and/or use multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication technology, including Multiple antennas (e.g., antenna 1018- f ) for transmission and/or reception.

可使用離散電路、特定應用積體電路(ASIC)、邏輯閘、及/或單晶片架構之任何組合實施裝置1000之組件及特徵。此外,在適用的情況下,可使用微控制器、可程式邏輯陣列、及/或微處理器、或以上各項的任何組合實施裝置1000之特徵。請注意,本發明可將硬體、韌體、及/或軟體元件統稱為或個別地稱為"邏輯"或"電路"。 The components and features of device 1000 may be implemented using any combination of discrete circuits, application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), logic gates, and/or single-chip architectures. In addition, where applicable, the features of device 1000 may be implemented using a microcontroller, programmable logic array, and/or microprocessor, or any combination of the above. Please note that the present invention may collectively or individually refer to hardware, firmware, and/or software components as "logic" or "circuit".

我們應可了解:第10圖的方塊圖中示出的該例示裝置1000可代表許多可能實施例中之一功能描述性例子。因此,並不由該等附圖中示出的方塊功能之分割、省略、或包含而推斷用於實施這些功能的硬體組件、電路、軟體、及/或元件將必然在各實施例中被分割、省略、或包含。 We should understand that the illustrative device 1000 shown in the block diagram of FIG. 10 may represent a functional descriptive example among many possible embodiments. Therefore, it is not inferred that the hardware components, circuits, software, and/or components used to implement these functions will be divided among the embodiments by the division, omission, or inclusion of the block functions shown in these drawings. , Omitted, or included.

第11圖示出一寬頻無線存取系統1100之一實施例。如第11圖所示,寬頻無線存取系統1100可以是一網際網路通訊協定(Internet Protocol;簡稱IP)型網路,該IP型網路包含一網際網路1110型網路或類似的網路,該網 路能夠支援對網際網路1110的行動無線存取及/或固定無線存取。在一或多個實施例中,寬頻無線存取系統1100可包含諸如符合3GPP LTE規格及/或IEEE 802.16標準中之一者或多者的系統之任何類型的基於正交分頻多工存取(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access;簡稱OFDMA)之無線網路,且申請專利範圍標的之範圍不限於這些方面。 FIG. 11 shows an embodiment of a broadband wireless access system 1100. As shown in FIG. 11, the broadband wireless access system 1100 may be an Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol; IP for short) type network, which includes an Internet type 1110 network or the like Road, the network The road can support mobile wireless access and/or fixed wireless access to the Internet 1110. In one or more embodiments, the broadband wireless access system 1100 may include any type of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing-based access such as a system that conforms to one or more of the 3GPP LTE specification and/or IEEE 802.16 standard (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access; referred to as OFDMA) wireless network, and the scope of patent application subject matter is not limited to these aspects.

在該例示寬頻無線存取系統1100中,無線電存取網路(Radio Access Network;簡稱RAN)1112及1118能夠分別耦合到演進型節點B(eNB)1114及1120,而提供一或多個固定裝置1116與網際網路1110間之無線連接、及/或一或多個行動裝置1122與網際網路1110間之無線連接。固定裝置1116及行動裝置1122的一例子是第10圖的裝置1000,其中固定裝置1116包含裝置1000的一固定版本,且行動裝置1122包含裝置1000的一行動版本。RAN 1112及1118可實施能夠界定將網路功能映射到寬頻無線存取系統1100上的一或多個實體之設定檔。eNB 1114及1120可包含用於提供與諸如參照裝置1000所述的固定裝置1116及/或行動裝置1122間之射頻通訊之無線電設備,且可包含諸如符合一3GPP LTE規格或一IEEE 802.16標準的PHY及MAC層設備。eNB 1114及1120可進一步包含一IP底板(backplane),用以分別經由RAN 1112及1118而耦合到網際網路1110,但是申請專利範圍標的之範圍不限於這些方面。 In this exemplary broadband wireless access system 1100, Radio Access Network (Radio Access Network; RAN for short) 1112 and 1118 can be coupled to an evolved Node B (eNB) 1114 and 1120, respectively, to provide one or more fixed devices The wireless connection between 1116 and the Internet 1110, and/or the wireless connection between one or more mobile devices 1122 and the Internet 1110. An example of the fixed device 1116 and the mobile device 1122 is the device 1000 of FIG. 10, where the fixed device 1116 includes a fixed version of the device 1000, and the mobile device 1122 includes a mobile version of the device 1000. RAN 1112 and 1118 may implement profiles that can define one or more entities that map network functions to broadband wireless access system 1100. The eNBs 1114 and 1120 may include radio equipment for providing radio frequency communication with the fixed device 1116 and/or the mobile device 1122, such as described with reference to the device 1000, and may include, for example, a PHY conforming to a 3GPP LTE specification or an IEEE 802.16 standard And MAC layer equipment. The eNBs 1114 and 1120 may further include an IP backplane for coupling to the Internet 1110 via the RAN 1112 and 1118, respectively, but the scope of the patent application subject matter is not limited to these aspects.

寬頻無線存取系統1100可進一步包含一客籍核心網路(Core Network;簡稱CN)1124及一本地CN 1126,該等核心網路中之每一核心網路能夠提供其中包括(但不限於)諸如鑑別、授權、及帳務(Authentication,Authorization and Accounting;簡稱AAA)功能、動態主機組態協定(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol;簡稱DHCP)功能、或網域名稱服務(domain name service)等的代理及/或中繼類型功能、諸如公眾電話交換網路(Public Switched Telephone Network;簡稱PSTN)閘道器或網際網路協定上的語音(Voice over Internet Protocol;簡稱VoIP)閘道器等的網域閘道器、及/或網際網路通訊協定(IP)類型伺服器功能之一或多種網路功能。然而,這些功能只是客籍CN 1124及/或本地CN 1126能夠提供的功能類型之例子,且申請專利範圍標的之範圍不限於這些方面。在客籍CN 1124不是固定裝置1116或行動裝置1122的正規服務供應商的一部分之情形中,例如,當固定裝置1116或行動裝置1122離開其各別的本地CN 1126而漫遊時,或當寬頻無線存取系統1100是固定裝置1116或行動裝置1122的正規服務供應商的一部分但是網際網路1110可能在並非固定裝置1116或行動裝置1122的主要或本地位置之另一位置或狀態時,客籍CN 1124可被稱為一客籍CN。該等實施例不限於該情境。 The broadband wireless access system 1100 may further include a guest core network (Core Network; CN for short) 1124 and a local CN 1126. Each of the core networks in the core network can provide, including (but not limited to) such as Authentication, authorization, and accounting (Authentication, Authorization and Accounting; AAA for short) function, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol; DHCP for short) function, or domain name service (domain name service), etc. Or trunk type functions, such as public switched telephone network (Public Switched Telephone Network; PSTN) gateway or voice over Internet Protocol (Voice over Internet Protocol; VoIP) gateway, etc. Server, and/or Internet Protocol (IP) type server function, or one or more network functions. However, these functions are only examples of the types of functions that the guest CN 1124 and/or the local CN 1126 can provide, and the scope of the patent application subject matter is not limited to these aspects. In the case where the guest CN 1124 is not part of the regular service provider of the fixed device 1116 or mobile device 1122, for example, when the fixed device 1116 or mobile device 1122 roams away from their respective local CN 1126, or when the broadband wireless storage The access system 1100 is part of the regular service provider of the fixed device 1116 or the mobile device 1122 but the Internet 1110 may be in another location or state other than the main or local location of the fixed device 1116 or the mobile device 1122. Known as a guest CN. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

固定裝置1116可能位於eNB 1114及1120中之一者或兩者的範圍內之任何位置,例如,固定裝置1116可能 在家庭或企業內或附近,以便提供家庭或企業用戶分別經由eNB 1114及1120以及RAN 1112及1118、及本地CN 1126而至網際網路1110之寬頻存取。值得注意的是:雖然固定裝置1116通常被配置在一固定位置,但是固定裝置1116可視需要而移動到不同的位置。如果行動裝置1122在諸如eNB 1114及1120中之一者或兩者的範圍內,則可在於一或多個位置上使用行動裝置1122。根據一或多個實施例,作業支援系統(Operations Support System;簡稱OSS)1128可以是寬頻無線存取系統1100的一部分,以便提供寬頻無線存取系統1100之管理功能,且提供各功能實體與寬頻無線存取系統1100間之介面。第11圖的寬頻無線存取系統1100只是示出了寬頻無線存取系統1100的某一數目的組件之一種類型的無線網路,且申請專利範圍標的之範圍不限於這些方面。 The fixed device 1116 may be located anywhere within the range of one or both of the eNBs 1114 and 1120. For example, the fixed device 1116 may be In or near the home or business to provide broadband access to the Internet 1110 via the eNB 1114 and 1120 and the RAN 1112 and 1118, and the local CN 1126, respectively. It is worth noting that although the fixing device 1116 is usually configured in a fixed position, the fixing device 1116 can be moved to a different position as needed. If the mobile device 1122 is within range such as one or both of the eNBs 1114 and 1120, the mobile device 1122 may be used at one or more locations. According to one or more embodiments, the Operations Support System (OSS) 1128 may be a part of the broadband wireless access system 1100 to provide management functions of the broadband wireless access system 1100 and provide various functional entities and broadband Interface between 1100 wireless access systems. The broadband wireless access system 1100 of FIG. 11 only shows a type of wireless network of a certain number of components of the broadband wireless access system 1100, and the scope of the patent application subject matter is not limited to these aspects.

可使用硬體元件、軟體元件、或以上兩者的一組合實施各實施例。硬體元件之例子可包括處理器、微處理器、電路、電路元件(例如,電晶體、電阻、電容、及電感等的電路元件)、積體電路、特定應用積體電路(ASIC)、可程式邏輯裝置(PLD)、數位信號處理器(DSP)、現場可程式閘陣列(FPGA)、邏輯閘、暫存器、半導體裝置、晶片、微晶片、及晶片組等的硬體元件。軟體之例子可包括軟體組件、程式、應用軟體、電腦程式、應用程式、系統程式、機器程式、作業系統軟體、中間軟體、韌體、軟體模組、常式、次常式、函式、方 法、程序、軟體介面、應用程式介面(API)、指令集、運算碼、電腦碼、碼段、電腦碼段、字、值、符碼、或以上各項的任何組合。可根據諸如所需計算速率、功率位準、耐熱性、處理週期預算、輸入資料速率、輸出資料速率、記憶體資源、資料匯流排速度、以及其他設計或效能限制等的任何數目的因素而改變使用硬體元件及/或軟體元件實施一實施例的決定。 The embodiments may be implemented using hardware components, software components, or a combination of both. Examples of hardware components may include processors, microprocessors, circuits, circuit components (e.g., transistors, resistors, capacitors, and inductors), integrated circuits, application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), and Hardware components such as programmable logic devices (PLD), digital signal processors (DSP), field programmable gate arrays (FPGA), logic gates, registers, semiconductor devices, chips, microchips, and chipsets. Examples of software may include software components, programs, application software, computer programs, applications, system programs, machine programs, operating system software, middleware, firmware, software modules, routines, subroutines, functions, methods Method, procedure, software interface, application programming interface (API), instruction set, operation code, computer code, code segment, computer code segment, word, value, symbol, or any combination of the above. Can be changed based on any number of factors such as required calculation rate, power level, heat resistance, processing cycle budget, input data rate, output data rate, memory resources, data bus speed, and other design or performance limitations The decision of an embodiment is implemented using hardware components and/or software components.

可以機器可讀取的媒體中儲存之代表性指令實施至少一實施例之一或多個觀點,該等代表性指令代表處理器內之各種邏輯,且該等代表性指令被一機器讀取時,將使該機器製造用於執行本發明述及的該等技術之邏輯。被稱為"智慧財產權核心"("IP core")之此種表示法可被儲存在有有形之機器可讀取的媒體,且被供應到各客戶或製造設施,以便載入可實際製造出該邏輯或處理器之製造機器。可使用諸如一機器可讀取的媒體或物品實施某些實施例,該機器可讀取的媒體或物品可儲存一指令或一組指令,該指令或該組指令被一機器執行時,可使該機器執行根據該等實施例的一方法及/或一些操作。該機器可包括諸如任何適當的處理平台、計算平台、計算裝置、處理裝置、計算系統、處理系統、電腦、或處理器等的機器,且可使用硬體及/或軟體之任何適當的組合實施此種機器。該機器可讀取的媒體或物品可包括諸如任何適當類型的記憶體單元、記憶體裝置、記憶體物品、記憶媒體、儲存裝置、儲存物品、儲存媒體、及/或儲存單元,例如:記憶體、抽 取式或非抽取式媒體、可抹除或不可抹除媒體、可寫入或可複寫媒體、數位或類比媒體、硬碟、軟碟、唯讀光碟(Compact Disk Read Only Memory;簡稱CD-ROM)、可記錄光碟(Compact Disk Recordable;簡稱CD-R)、可複寫式光碟(Compact Disk Rewriteable;簡稱CD-RW)、光碟、磁性媒體、磁光媒體、抽取式記憶卡或碟、各種類型之數位多功能光碟(Digital Versatile Disk;簡稱DVD)、磁帶、或卡帶等的機器可讀取的媒體或物品。該等指令可包括諸如使用任何適當的高階、低階、物件導向、視覺、編譯式及/或直譯式程式語言實施之原始碼、編譯的碼、直譯的碼、可執行的碼、靜態碼、動態碼、以及被加密的碼等的任何適當類型的程式碼。 One or more views of at least one embodiment can be implemented with representative instructions stored in a machine-readable medium, the representative instructions represent various logics in the processor, and the representative instructions are read by a machine , Will enable the machine to make the logic for performing the techniques described in this invention. This notation, known as "IP core", can be stored on a tangible machine-readable medium and supplied to various customers or manufacturing facilities so that it can be loaded into actual manufacturing The logic or processor manufacturing machine. Certain embodiments may be implemented using, for example, a machine-readable medium or item. The machine-readable medium or item may store an instruction or set of instructions. When the instruction or set of instructions is executed by a machine, it may The machine performs a method and/or operations according to these embodiments. The machine may include a machine such as any suitable processing platform, computing platform, computing device, processing device, computing system, processing system, computer, or processor, etc., and may be implemented using any suitable combination of hardware and/or software This type of machine. The machine-readable medium or item may include, for example, any suitable type of memory unit, memory device, memory item, memory medium, storage device, storage item, storage medium, and/or storage unit, such as: memory , Pumping Removable or non-removable media, erasable or non-erasable media, rewritable or rewritable media, digital or analog media, hard disks, floppy disks, compact disk read only memory (CD-ROM for short) ), Compact Disk Recordable (CD-R for short), Compact Disk Rewriteable (CD-RW for short), optical disc, magnetic media, magneto-optical media, removable memory card or disc, various types of Machine-readable media or objects such as Digital Versatile Disk (DVD), magnetic tape, or cassette. Such instructions may include, for example, source code, compiled code, interpreted code, executable code, static code, implemented using any suitable high-level, low-level, object-oriented, visual, compiled and/or interpreted programming languages Any suitable type of program code, such as dynamic code and encrypted code.

下列的例子係有關進一步的實施例: The following examples are related to further embodiments:

例子1是一演進式封包核心網路(EPC)節點,該EPC節點包含一處理器電路,用以執行下列操作:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序之一通知;決定是否釋放該UE的一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及回應將要釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息或一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動用於釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接的一程序。 Example 1 is an evolved packet core network (EPC) node. The EPC node includes a processor circuit for performing the following operations: receiving a notification of an action procedure of a user equipment (UE); deciding whether to release the UE A packet data network (PDN) connection provided by a local gateway (L-GW); and in response to a decision to release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW, send a detach request message or delete a talk-level request Message to start a procedure for releasing the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子2中,例子1的該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 2, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 1 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network in the case of alternative adoption.

例子3中,例子1至2中之任一例子之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管理實體(MME)啟動之分離程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 3, the processor circuit of any one of Examples 1 to 2 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: In response to the PDN connection provided by the L-GW including one of the only PDN connections of the UE It is decided to send a separation request message in order to start a separation procedure initiated by an MME and release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子4中,例子1至2中之任一例子之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管理實體(MME)要求之PDN切斷程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 4, the processor circuit of any one of Examples 1 to 2 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: In response, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not include the only PDN connection of the UE One decision is to send a delete session request message to initiate a PDN disconnection procedure requested by an MME and release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子5中,例子4之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可傳送具有一重啟動要求原因之該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 5, the processor circuit of Example 4 can transmit the delete talk request message with a reason for a restart request in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子6中,例子1至5中之任一例子之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可在該行動程序之後傳送該分離要求訊息或該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 6, the processor circuit of any one of Examples 1 to 5 may transmit the separation request message or the delete session request message after the action program in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子7中,例子1至6中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)。 In Example 7, the action program of any one of Examples 1 to 6 may include a Tracking Area Update (TAU) in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子8中,例子1至6中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞。 In Example 8, the action program of any one of Examples 1 to 6 may include a handover in the case of alternative adoption.

例子9是例子1至8中之任一例子之該EPC節點,該EPC節點包含一射頻(RF)收發器以及一或多個RF天 線。 Example 9 is the EPC node of any one of Examples 1 to 8, the EPC node includes a radio frequency (RF) transceiver and one or more RF days line.

例子10是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組無線連接管理指令,該組無線連接管理指令回應在一行動管理實體(MME)上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序期間接收一行動程序控制訊息;根據該行動程序控制訊息而決定釋放該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及在該行動程序之後,觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 Example 10 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of wireless connection management commands. The set of wireless connection management commands is executed in response to a mobile management entity (MME). , So that the MME performs the following operations: receiving a mobile program control message during a mobile program of a user equipment (UE); deciding to release the selected Internet communication on a local network of the UE according to the mobile program control message Protocol traffic offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection; and after the action procedure, trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子11中,例子10之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 11, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 10 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and these wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, Then, the MME performs the following operations: In response to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not include the UE's unique PDN connection, a PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME is started, and the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is stopped.

在例子12中,例子11之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 12, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 11 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and these wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, Therefore, the MME is allowed to perform the following operations: start the PDN cut-off procedure required by the MME under the cause of a restart request.

在例子13中,例子10之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理 指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 13, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 10 may include wireless connection management when available for selection Command, the wireless connection management commands respond to being executed on the MME, and cause the MME to perform the following operations: In response to the SIPTO@LN PDN connection decision that contains one of the UE's unique PDN connections, an MME-initiated separation procedure is initiated, And trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子14中,例子10至13中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一情境回應訊息。 In Example 14, the action program of any one of Examples 10 to 13 may include a tracking area update (TAU) process when the option is available, and the action program control message is optionally available The following may contain a situational response message.

在例子15中,例子10至13中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一前向重定位要求訊息。 In Example 15, the action program of any one of Examples 10 to 13 may include a delivery process when the case is available for selection, and the action program control message may include a Forward relocation request message.

在例子16中,例子10至15中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:自該UE的一先前服務MME接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 16, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any one of Examples 10 to 15 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond Is executed on the MME, causing the MME to perform the following operations: receive the action procedure control message from a previous serving MME of the UE.

在例子17中,例子10至16中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:經由一S10介面連接接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 17, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any of Examples 10 to 16 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond It is executed on the MME and causes the MME to perform the following operations: receive the mobile program control message via an S10 interface connection.

例子18是一無線連接管理方法,該方法包含下列操 作:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序之一通知;在該TAU程序期間,接收用於識別該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接且識別該UE的一家庭區域網路識別碼(LHN-ID)之一情境回應訊息;以及由一處理器電路根據該LHN-ID而決定是否促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 Example 18 is a wireless connection management method, which includes the following operations Action: To receive notification of one of the tracking area update (TAU) procedures of a user equipment (UE); during the TAU procedure, to receive selective Internet protocol traffic offload (SIPTO) on a local area network used to identify the UE @LN) a packet data network (PDN) connected and identifying a context response message of a home area network identifier (LHN-ID) of the UE; and a processor circuit determines whether to cause the LHN-ID Release of SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子19中,例子18之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而不改變之一決定,而決定不促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 19, the wireless connection management method of Example 18 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: responding to a home area network of the UE based on the LHN-ID according to the TAU procedure without changing A decision, and the decision does not prompt the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子20中,例子18之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而改變之一決定,而決定促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 20, the wireless connection management method of Example 18 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: responding to one of the UE's home area network changes based on the LHN-ID according to the TAU procedure Decision, and the decision prompts the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子21中,例子20之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否為該UE的唯一PDN連接。 In Example 21, the wireless connection management method of Example 20 may include the following operations when it is available for selection: Determine whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is the only PDN connection of the UE.

在例子22中,例子21之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一PDN切斷程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 22, the wireless connection management method of Example 21 may include the following operations when available for selection: according to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is not one of the UE's only PDN connections, start a PDN disconnection procedure , And promote the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子23中,例子22之該無線連接管理方法在可供 選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下開始該PDN切斷程序。 In Example 23, the wireless connection management method of Example 22 is available The case of choosing to adopt may include the following operations: starting the PDN cut-off procedure under the cause of a restart request.

在例子24中,例子21之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一分離程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 24, the wireless connection management method of Example 21 may include the following operations when available for selection: according to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is one of the UE's only PDN connections, a separation procedure is initiated, and Promote the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子25中,例子18至23中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:自該UE的一舊MME接收該情境回應訊息。 In Example 25, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 18 to 23 may include the following operations when available for selection: receiving the context response message from an old MME of the UE.

例子26是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組指令,該組指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行根據例子18至25中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法。 Example 26 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of instructions that are executed in response to a computing device, causing the computing device to execute according to Example 18. One of the examples from 25 to 25. A wireless connection management method.

例子27是一設備,該設備包含用於執行根據例子18至25中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法之裝置。 Example 27 is an apparatus including means for performing the wireless connection management method according to any one of Examples 18 to 25.

例子28是一系統,該系統包含根據例子27之一設備、一射頻(RF)收發器、及一或多個RF天線。 Example 28 is a system including a device according to Example 27, a radio frequency (RF) transceiver, and one or more RF antennas.

例子29是一行動管理實體(MME),該MME包含邏輯,該邏輯的至少一部分是硬體形式,該邏輯執行下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序期間接收一行動程序控制訊息;根據該行動程序控制訊息而決定釋放該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及在該行動程序之後,觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 Example 29 is an action management entity (MME), the MME contains logic, at least part of the logic is in the form of hardware, the logic performs the following operations: receiving a mobile program control message during a mobile program of a user equipment (UE) ; Decide to release the selected Internet protocol traffic offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection on a local area network of the UE according to the mobile procedure control message; and trigger the SIPTO after the mobile procedure @LN PDN connection stops.

在例子30中,例子29之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 30, the logic of Example 29 can perform the following operations when available for selection: In response to a decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not include the UE's unique PDN connection, initiate a PDN cut-off requested by an MME Program, and trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子31中,例子30之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 31, the logic of Example 30 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of being available for selection: start the PDN cut-off procedure required by the MME under the cause of a restart request.

在例子32中,例子29之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 32, the logic of Example 29 can perform the following operations when available for selection: In response to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains one of the UE’s unique PDN connections, an MME-initiated separation procedure is initiated, and Trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子33中,例子29至32中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一情境回應訊息。 In Example 33, the action program of any one of Examples 29 to 32 may include a tracking area update (TAU) process when the option is available, and the action program control message is available when the option is adopted The following may contain a situational response message.

在例子34中,例子29至32中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一前向重定位要求訊息。 In Example 34, the action program of any one of Examples 29 to 32 may include a delivery process when the case is available for selection, and the action program control message may include a Forward relocation request message.

在例子35中,例子29至34中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:自該UE的一先前服務MME接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 35, the logic of any one of Examples 29 to 34 may perform the following operations when available for selection: receiving the mobile program control message from a previous serving MME of the UE.

在例子36中,例子29至35中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:經由一S10介面連接接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 36, the logic of any of Examples 29 to 35 The following operations can be performed in the case of alternative adoption: receiving the mobile program control message via an S10 interface connection.

例子37是例子29至36中之任一例子之MME,該MME包含一射頻(RF)收發器以及一或多個RF天線。 Example 37 is the MME of any of Examples 29 to 36. The MME includes a radio frequency (RF) transceiver and one or more RF antennas.

例子38是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組無線連接管理指令,該組無線連接管理指令回應在一行動管理實體(MME)上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序之一通知;在該TAU程序期間,接收用於識別該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接且識別該UE的一家庭區域網路識別碼(LHN-ID)之一情境回應訊息;以及根據該LHN-ID而決定是否促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 Example 38 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of wireless connection management commands that are executed in response to a mobile management entity (MME) , So that the MME performs the following operations: receiving a notification of a tracking area update (TAU) procedure of a user equipment (UE); during the TAU procedure, receiving a selection Internet on a local area network for identifying the UE Channel protocol traffic offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection and a context response message that identifies the UE's home area network identification number (LHN-ID); and decide whether or not based on the LHN-ID Promote the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子39中,例子38之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而不改變之一決定,而決定不促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 39, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 38 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and these wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, The MME is made to perform the following operations: respond to a decision made by the UE's home area network based on the LHN-ID without changing according to the TAU procedure, and decide not to prompt the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子40中,例子38之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的 該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而改變之一決定,而決定促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 40, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 38 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, Instead, the MME performs the following operations: responds to the LHN-ID based on the A home area network of the UE changes a decision according to the TAU procedure, and the decision prompts the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子41中,例子40之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否為該UE的唯一PDN連接。 In Example 41, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 40 may include a wireless connection management command in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management command response is executed on the MME, Then, the MME is allowed to perform the following operations: determine whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is the only PDN connection of the UE.

在例子42中,例子41之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一PDN切斷程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 42, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 41 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, Therefore, the MME is allowed to perform the following operations: according to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is not one of the UE's only PDN connections, a PDN disconnection procedure is started, which prompts the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子43中,例子42之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下開始該PDN切斷程序。 In Example 43, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 42 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and these wireless connection management command responses are executed on the MME, Instead, the MME is required to perform the following operations: start the PDN cut-off procedure for a restart request.

在例子44中,例子41之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一分離程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 44, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 41 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands are executed in response to the MME, The MME is caused to perform the following operations: according to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is one of the UE's only PDN connections, a separation procedure is started, which prompts the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子45中,例子38至44中之任一例子之該MME在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含在該TAU程序之後的該UE之一新MME,且該MME在可供選擇採用之情形下可自該UE的一舊MME接收該情境回應訊息。 In Example 45, the MME of any one of Examples 38 to 44 may be included in a new MME of the UE after the TAU procedure if the alternative is available, and the MME is optionally available The context response message can be received from an old MME of the UE.

例子46是一無線連接管理方法,該方法包含下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一交遞目標行動管理實體(MME)上接收一前向重定位要求;由一處理器電路根據該前向重定位要求而決定將要切斷該UE之一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及根據該L-GW提供之PDN連接是否包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定而選擇用於切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一程序。 Example 46 is a wireless connection management method. The method includes the following operations: receiving a forward relocation request on a handover target action management entity (MME) of a user equipment (UE); a processor circuit based on the forward To request relocation to decide to cut off the packet data network (PDN) connection provided by one of the UE's local gateways (L-GW); and whether the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes the UE's unique PDN One of the connections decides and selects a procedure for cutting off the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子47中,例子46之該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 47, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 46 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network if available.

在例子48中,例子46至47中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:在該UE的該交遞之後,啟動該被選擇的程序,而切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 48, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 46 to 47 may include the following operations when available for selection: after the handover of the UE, the selected program is started, and Disconnect the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子49中,例子46至48中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME啟動之分離程序。 In Example 49, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 46 to 48 may include the following operations when available for selection: In response to the PDN connection provided by the L-GW including the unique PDN connection of the UE A decision is made, and a separation procedure initiated by the MME is selected.

在例子50中,例子46至48中之任一例子之該無線 連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 50, the wireless of any of Examples 46 to 48 The connection management method may include the following operations when available for selection: In response to a decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not include the UE's unique PDN connection, a PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME is selected.

在例子51中,例子50之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 51, the wireless connection management method of Example 50 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: starting the PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME under a cause of a restart request.

在例子52中,例子46至51中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:自該UE的一交遞來源MME接收該前向重定位要求。 In Example 52, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 46 to 51 may include the following operations in an optional situation: receiving the forward relocation request from a handover source MME of the UE.

在例子53中,例子46至52中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:根據該前向重定位要求,且根據該UE的一家庭區域網路(LHN)在該UE的該交遞期間不改變之一決定,而決定將要切斷該UE的該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 53, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 46 to 52 may include the following operations when available for selection: according to the forward relocation request, and according to a home area network of the UE The LHN does not change a decision during the handover of the UE, but decides to cut off the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of the UE.

例子54是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組指令,該組指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行根據例子46至53中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法。 Example 54 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of instructions that are executed in response to a computing device, causing the computing device to execute according to Example 46 Any one of the examples to 53 to the wireless connection management method.

例子55是一設備,該設備包含用於執行根據例子46至53中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法之裝置。 Example 55 is a device including means for performing the wireless connection management method according to any one of Examples 46 to 53.

例子56是一系統,該系統包含根據例子55之一設備、一射頻(RF)收發器、及一或多個RF天線。 Example 56 is a system that includes a device according to Example 55, a radio frequency (RF) transceiver, and one or more RF antennas.

例子57是一行動管理實體(MME),該MME包含一處理器電路,該處理器電路執行下列操作:接收一用戶 設備(UE)的一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序之一通知;在該TAU程序期間,接收用於識別該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接且識別該UE的一家庭區域網路識別碼(LHN-ID)之一情境回應訊息;以及根據該LHN-ID而決定是否促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 Example 57 is an action management entity (MME) that includes a processor circuit that performs the following operations: receiving a user Notification of one of the tracking area update (TAU) procedures of the device (UE); during the TAU procedure, receiving selected Internet protocol traffic offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data on a local area network identifying the UE The network (PDN) connects and identifies a context response message of a home area network identifier (LHN-ID) of the UE; and determines whether to promote the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection according to the LHN-ID.

在例子58中,例子57之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而不改變之一決定,而決定不促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 58, the processor circuit of Example 57 can perform the following operations under the situation of alternative adoption: responding to a home area network of the UE based on the LHN-ID according to the TAU procedure without changing one Decision, and the decision does not prompt the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子59中,例子57之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應基於該LHN-ID作出的該UE的一家庭區域網路根據該TAU程序而改變之一決定,而決定促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 59, the processor circuit of Example 57 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: responding to a decision made by the UE's home area network based on the LHN-ID to change according to the TAU procedure , And decided to prompt the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子60中,例子59之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:決定該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是否為該UE的唯一PDN連接。 In Example 60, the processor circuit of Example 59 can perform the following operations under the situation of alternative adoption: determining whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is the only PDN connection of the UE.

在例子61中,例子60之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一PDN切斷程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 61, the processor circuit of Example 60 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: according to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is not one of the only PDN connections of the UE, start a PDN disconnection procedure, And promote the release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子62中,例子61之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下開始該PDN切斷程序。 In Example 62, the processor circuit of Example 61 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: starting the PDN cut-off procedure under the cause of a restart request.

在例子63中,例子60之該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:根據該SIPTO@LN PDN連接是該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,開始一分離程序,而促使該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之釋放。 In Example 63, the processor circuit of Example 60 can perform the following operations under the situation of alternative adoption: According to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection is one of the only PDN connections of the UE, a separation procedure is initiated to promote The release of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子64中,例子57至63中之任一例子之該MME在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含在該TAU程序之後的該UE之一新MME,且該處理器電路在可供選擇採用之情形下可自該UE的一舊MME接收該情境回應訊息。 In Example 64, the MME of any one of Examples 57 to 63 may be included in a new MME of the UE after the TAU procedure in the case of alternative adoption, and the processor circuit may be selected for adoption In this case, the situation response message can be received from an old MME of the UE.

例子65是例子57至64中之任一例子之該MME,該MME包含一射頻(RF)收發器以及一或多個RF天線。 Example 65 is the MME of any one of Examples 57 to 64. The MME includes a radio frequency (RF) transceiver and one or more RF antennas.

例子66是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組無線連接管理指令,該組無線連接管理指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一交遞目標行動管理實體(MME)上接收一前向重定位要求;根據該前向重定位要求而決定將要切斷該UE之一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及根據該L-GW提供之PDN連接是否包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定而選擇用於切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一程序。 Example 66 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of wireless connection management commands. The set of wireless connection management commands is executed on a computing device in response to the The computing device performs the following operations: receiving a forward relocation request on a handover target action management entity (MME) of a user equipment (UE); deciding that one of the UEs is to be cut off according to the forward relocation request The Packet Data Network (PDN) connection provided by the Gateway (L-GW); and the one selected based on whether the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes one of the UE's unique PDN connections to cut off the L-GW One of the provided PDN connection procedures.

在例子67中,例子66之該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 67, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 66 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子68中,例子66至67中之任一例子之該至少 一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:在該UE的該交遞之後,啟動該被選擇的程序,而切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 68, the minimum of any of Examples 66 to 67 A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium may include wireless connection management commands under optional circumstances. These wireless connection management commands are executed in response to a computing device to cause the computing device to perform the following operations: After the handover of the UE, the selected procedure is started, and the PDN connection provided by the L-GW is cut off.

在例子69中,例子66至68中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME啟動之分離程序。 In Example 69, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any one of Examples 66 to 68 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond Is executed on the computing device to cause the computing device to perform the following operations: in response to a decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes one of the UE's unique PDN connections, a MME-initiated separation procedure is selected.

在例子70中,例子66至68中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 70, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any of Examples 66 to 68 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond Is executed on the computing device, causing the computing device to perform the following operations: in response to a decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not include the UE's unique PDN connection, select a PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME.

在例子71中,例子70之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 71, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 70 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond to being executed on the computing device , So that the computing device performs the following operations: start the PDN cut-off procedure required by the MME under the cause of a restart request.

在例子72中,例子66至71中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下 可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:自該UE的一交遞來源MME接收該前向重定位要求。 In Example 72, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any one of Examples 66 to 71 is available for optional use It may include wireless connection management commands that respond to being executed on the computing device, causing the computing device to perform the following operations: receiving the forward relocation request from a handover source MME of the UE.

在例子73中,例子66至72中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行下列操作:根據該前向重定位要求,且根據該UE的一家庭區域網路(LHN)在該UE的該交遞期間不改變之一決定,而決定將要切斷該UE的該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 73, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any one of Examples 66 to 72 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond Is executed on the computing device, causing the computing device to perform the following operations: according to the forward relocation request, and according to a home area network (LHN) of the UE during the handover of the UE does not change one Decide, and decide to cut off the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of the UE.

例子74是一無線連接管理方法,該方法包含下列操作:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序之一通知;由一處理器電路決定是否釋放該UE的一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及回應將要釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息或一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動用於釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接的一程序。 Example 74 is a wireless connection management method. The method includes the following operations: receiving a notification of an action procedure of a user equipment (UE); a processor circuit determines whether to release a local gateway (L-GW) of the UE ) The provided packet data network (PDN) connection; and responding to a decision to release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW, and sending a detach request message or a delete talk layer request message to initiate the release of the L-GW A procedure for PDN connection provided by GW.

在例子75中,例子74的該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 75, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 74 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network in the case of alternative adoption.

例子76中,例子74至75中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管 理實體(MME)啟動之分離程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 76, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 74 to 75 may include the following operations when available for selection: In response to the PDN connection provided by the L-GW including the only PDN connection of the UE A decision, and send a separation request message in order to activate an action tube The separation procedure initiated by the management entity (MME) releases the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子77中,例子74至75中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管理實體(MME)要求之PDN切斷程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 77, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 74 to 75 may include the following operations when available for selection: In response, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not include the unique PDN of the UE One of the connections is determined, and a delete session request message is sent to initiate a PDN disconnection procedure requested by a mobile management entity (MME) to release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子78中,例子77之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:傳送具有一重啟動要求原因之該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 78, the wireless connection management method of Example 77 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: sending the request to delete the conversation layer with a reason for the restart request.

在例子79中,例子74至78中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:在該行動程序之後,傳送該分離要求訊息或該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 79, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 74 to 78 may include the following operations when available for selection: after the action procedure, send the detach request message or the delete talk layer request message.

在例子80中,例子74至79中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)。 In Example 80, the action program of any one of Examples 74 to 79 may include a Tracking Area Update (TAU) in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子81中,例子74至80中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞。 In Example 81, the action program of any one of Examples 74 to 80 may include a handover in the case of alternative adoption.

例子82是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組指令,該組指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行根據例子74至81中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法。 Example 82 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of instructions that are executed in response to a computing device, causing the computing device to execute according to Example 74 One of the examples from 81 to the wireless connection management method.

例子83是一設備,該設備包含用於執行根據例子74至81中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法之裝置。 Example 83 is a device including means for performing a wireless connection management method according to any one of Examples 74 to 81.

例子84是一系統,該系統包含根據例子83之一設備、一射頻(RF)收發器、及一或多個RF天線。 Example 84 is a system that includes a device according to Example 83, a radio frequency (RF) transceiver, and one or more RF antennas.

例子85是一演進式封包核心網路(EPC)節點,該EPC節點包含邏輯,該邏輯的至少一部分是硬體形式,該邏輯執行下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一交遞目標行動管理實體(MME)上接收一前向重定位要求;根據該前向重定位要求而決定將要切斷該UE之一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及根據該L-GW提供之PDN連接是否包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定而選擇用於切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一程序。 Example 85 is an evolved packet core network (EPC) node. The EPC node includes logic. At least a portion of the logic is in the form of hardware. The logic performs the following operations: a delivery target action at a user equipment (UE) A forward relocation request is received on the management entity (MME); according to the forward relocation request, it is determined that the packet data network (PDN) connection provided by one of the UE's local gateways (L-GW) will be cut off; And a procedure for selecting to cut off the PDN connection provided by the L-GW according to the decision whether the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes one of the UE's unique PDN connections.

在例子86中,例子85之該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 86, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 85 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子87中,例子85至86中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:在該UE的該交遞之後,啟動該被選擇的程序,而切斷該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 87, the logic of any one of Examples 85 to 86 can perform the following operations when available for selection: after the handover of the UE, the selected program is started, and the PDN connection provided by L-GW.

在例子88中,例子85至87中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME啟動之分離程序。 In Example 88, the logic of any one of Examples 85 to 87 can perform the following operations when available for selection: In response to the decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes one of the UE's unique PDN connections, Instead, select a separation procedure initiated by MME.

在例子89中,例子85至87中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,而選擇一MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 89, the logic of any one of Examples 85 to 87 can perform the following operations when available for selection: In response to the decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not include the UE's unique PDN connection , And select a PDN cut-off procedure required by MME.

在例子90中,例子89之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 90, the logic of Example 89 can perform the following operations under the circumstances of alternative adoption: start the PDN cutoff procedure required by the MME under the cause of a restart request.

在例子91中,例子85至90中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:自該UE的一交遞來源MME接收該前向重定位要求。 In Example 91, the logic of any one of Examples 85 to 90 can perform the following operations when available for selection: receiving the forward relocation request from a handover source MME of the UE.

在例子92中,例子85至91中之任一例子之該邏輯在可供選擇採用之情形下可執行下列操作:根據該前向重定位要求,且根據該UE的一家庭區域網路(LHN)在該UE的該交遞期間不改變之一決定,而決定將要切斷該UE的該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 92, the logic of any one of Examples 85 to 91 can perform the following operations when available for selection: according to the forward relocation request, and according to a home area network (LHN) of the UE ) Do not change one of the decisions during the handover of the UE, but decide to cut off the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of the UE.

例子93是例子85至92中之任一例子之該EPC節點,該EPC節點包含一射頻(RF)收發器以及一或多個RF天線。 Example 93 is the EPC node of any one of Examples 85 to 92. The EPC node includes a radio frequency (RF) transceiver and one or more RF antennas.

例子94是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組無線連接管理指令,該組無線連接管理指令回應在一行動管理實體(MME)上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:接收一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序之一通知;決定是否釋放該UE的一本地閘道器(L-GW)提供之封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及 回應將要釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息或一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動用於釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接的一程序。 Example 94 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of wireless connection management commands that are executed in response to a mobile management entity (MME) To enable the MME to perform the following operations: receive notification of one of the mobile device's (UE) action procedures; determine whether to release the packet data network (PDN) connection provided by the UE's local gateway (L-GW) ;as well as In response to a decision to release the PDN connection provided by the L-GW, a detach request message or a delete session request message is sent to initiate a procedure for releasing the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子95中,例子94的該L-GW提供之PDN連接在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)PDN連接。 In Example 95, the PDN connection provided by the L-GW of Example 94 may include an optional Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) PDN connection on a local network in the case of alternative adoption.

例子96中,例子94至95中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一分離要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管理實體(MME)啟動之分離程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 96, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any of Examples 94 to 95 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond to Is executed on the MME, causing the MME to perform the following operations: in response to a decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW includes the UE's unique PDN connection, and send a separation request message to activate a mobile management entity (MME) ) The separation procedure started, and the PDN connection provided by the L-GW is released.

在例子97中,例子94至95中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:回應該L-GW提供之PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一的PDN連接之一決定,而傳送一刪除會談層要求訊息,以便啟動一行動管理實體(MME)要求之PDN切斷程序,而釋放該L-GW提供之PDN連接。 In Example 97, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any of Examples 94 to 95 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond Is executed on the MME, causing the MME to perform the following operations: in response to a decision that the PDN connection provided by the L-GW does not contain the UE's only PDN connection, and send a delete session request message to initiate an action The PDN disconnection procedure required by the management entity (MME) releases the PDN connection provided by the L-GW.

在例子98中,例子97之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理 指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:傳送具有一重啟動要求原因之該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 98, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of Example 97 may include wireless connection management when available for selection Commands, the wireless connection management commands respond to being executed on the MME, and cause the MME to perform the following operations: send the delete session request message with a reason for the restart request.

在例子99中,例子94至98中之任一例子之該至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含無線連接管理指令,該等無線連接管理指令回應在該MME上被執行,而使該MME執行下列操作:在該行動程序之後,傳送該分離要求訊息或該刪除會談層要求訊息。 In Example 99, the at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of any of Examples 94 to 98 may include wireless connection management commands in the case of alternative use, and the wireless connection management commands respond It is executed on the MME and causes the MME to perform the following operations: after the action procedure, send the detach request message or the delete session request message.

在例子100中,例子94至99中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)。 In Example 100, the action program of any one of Examples 94 to 99 may include a Tracking Area Update (TAU) in the case of alternative adoption.

在例子101中,例子94至99中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞。 In Example 101, the action program of any one of Examples 94 to 99 may include a handover in the case of alternative adoption.

例子102是一無線連接管理方法,該方法包含下列操作:在一用戶設備(UE)的一行動程序期間接收一行動程序控制訊息;由一處理器電路根據該行動程序控制訊息而決定釋放該UE的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及在該行動程序之後,觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 Example 102 is a wireless connection management method. The method includes the following operations: receiving a mobile program control message during a mobile program of a user equipment (UE); a processor circuit determines to release the UE according to the mobile program control message Select an Internet protocol traffic offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection on a local area network; and trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection after the mobile process.

在例子103中,例子102之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動 一MME要求之PDN切斷程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 103, the wireless connection management method of Example 102 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: In response to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not include the UE's only PDN connection, start A PDN disconnection procedure required by an MME triggers the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子104中,例子103之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:在一重啟動要求原因下啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 In Example 104, the wireless connection management method of Example 103 may include the following operations in the case of alternative adoption: starting the PDN disconnection procedure requested by the MME under a restart cause.

在例子105中,例子102之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該UE的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME啟動之分離程序,而觸發該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之停止啟動。 In Example 105, the wireless connection management method of Example 102 may include the following operations when available for selection: In response to a decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains one of the UE's unique PDN connections, an MME-initiated separation is initiated Program, and trigger the stop of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.

在例子106中,例子102至105中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一情境回應訊息。 In Example 106, the action program of any one of Examples 102 to 105 may include a tracking area update (TAU) process when the option is available, and the action program control message is available when the option is adopted The following may contain a situational response message.

在例子107中,例子102至105中之任一例子之該行動程序在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一交遞程序,且該行動程序控制訊息在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含一前向重定位要求訊息。 In Example 107, the action program of any one of Examples 102 to 105 may include a delivery process when the alternative is available, and the action program control message may include a Forward relocation request message.

在例子108中,例子102至107中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操作:自該UE的一先前服務MME接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 108, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 102 to 107 may include the following operations when available for selection: receiving the mobile program control message from a previous serving MME of the UE.

在例子109中,例子102至108中之任一例子之該無線連接管理方法在可供選擇採用之情形下可包含下列操 作:經由一S10介面連接接收該行動程序控制訊息。 In Example 109, the wireless connection management method of any one of Examples 102 to 108 may include the following operations when it is available for selection. Action: Receive the mobile program control message via an S10 interface connection.

例子110是至少一非暫態電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體包含一組指令,該組指令回應在一計算裝置上被執行,而使該計算裝置執行根據例子102至109中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法。 Example 110 is at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium includes a set of instructions that are executed in response to a computing device, causing the computing device to execute according to example 102 One of the examples to any one of 109 to wireless connection management methods.

例子111是一設備,該設備包含用於執行根據例子102至109中之任一例子之一無線連接管理方法之裝置。 Example 111 is a device including means for performing a wireless connection management method according to any one of Examples 102 to 109.

例子112是一系統,該系統包含根據例子111之一設備、一射頻(RF)收發器、及一或多個RF天線。 Example 112 is a system that includes a device according to Example 111, a radio frequency (RF) transceiver, and one or more RF antennas.

本發明述及了許多特定細節,以便提供對該等實施例的徹底了解。然而,熟悉此項技術者應可了解:可在沒有這些特定細節的情形下實施該等實施例。在其他的情形中,並未詳述習知的操作、組件、及電路,以便不會模糊了本發明。我們應可了解:本發明揭示的結構上及功能上之特定細節可以是代表性的,且不必然限制了該等實施例之範圍。 The present invention addresses many specific details in order to provide a thorough understanding of these embodiments. However, those skilled in the art should understand that these embodiments can be implemented without these specific details. In other cases, conventional operations, components, and circuits are not described in detail so as not to obscure the present invention. We should understand that specific structural and functional details disclosed by the present invention may be representative, and do not necessarily limit the scope of these embodiments.

可使用詞語"被耦合"及"被連接"以及其派生詞說明某些實施例。這些術語將不作為彼此的同義字。例如,可使用術語"被連接"及/或"被耦合"說明某些實施例,以便指示兩個或更多個元件在實體上或電氣上相互直接接觸。然而,術語"被耦合"亦可意指:兩個或更多個元件並未相互直接接觸,但是仍然相互配合或作用。 The words "coupled" and "connected" and their derivatives can be used to illustrate certain embodiments. These terms will not be used as synonyms for each other. For example, the terms "connected" and/or "coupled" may be used to illustrate certain embodiments in order to indicate that two or more elements are in physical or electrical direct contact with each other. However, the term "coupled" may also mean that two or more elements are not in direct contact with each other, but still cooperate or function with each other.

除非有其他特別的陳述,否則我們應可了解:諸如"處理"、"運算"、"計算"、或"決定"等的術語皆係意指電腦 或計算系統或類似的電子計算裝置之動作及/或處理,且此種計算系統係將該計算系統的暫存器及/或記憶體內表現為物理量(例如,電子)之資料操作且/或變換為該計算系統的記憶體、暫存器、或者其他此種資訊儲存裝置、傳輸裝置、或顯示裝置內同樣表現為物理量之其他資料。該等實施例不限於該情境。 Unless otherwise stated, we should understand that terms such as "processing", "calculation", "calculation", or "decision" all mean computers Or the operation and/or processing of a computing system or similar electronic computing device, and such computing system operates and/or transforms data representing physical quantities (eg, electronic) in the temporary memory and/or memory of the computing system It is the memory, temporary storage, or other such information storage device, transmission device, or display device of the computing system, and other data that also appear as physical quantities. These embodiments are not limited to this scenario.

請注意,不需要按照所述之順序或任何順序執行本發明所述的該等方法。此外,可以連續或平行之方式執行以與本發明中識別的該等方法有關之方式述及的各種行動。 Please note that the methods described in the present invention need not be performed in the described order or in any order. In addition, the various actions described in ways related to the methods identified in the present invention may be performed in a continuous or parallel manner.

雖然本發明已示出且說明了一些特定實施例,但是我們應可了解:可以估計可達到相同目的之任何配置替換所示之特定實施例。本發明之揭示將意圖涵蓋各實施例之任何及所有的改作或變化。我們應可了解:係以一種舉例之方式而非限制之方式提供前文中之說明。熟悉此項技術者在參閱前文中之說明之後,將可易於得知前文所述該等實施例之各種組合、以及並未在本說明書中明確述及的其他實施例。因此,各實施例之範圍包括使用前文所述的成分、結構、及方法之任何其他應用。 Although the present invention has shown and described some specific embodiments, it should be understood that any configuration that can achieve the same purpose can be estimated to replace the specific embodiments shown. The disclosure of the present invention is intended to cover any and all modifications or changes of the embodiments. We should be able to understand that the above description is provided by way of example rather than limitation. Those skilled in the art will be able to easily understand the various combinations of these embodiments described above and other embodiments not explicitly mentioned in this specification after referring to the descriptions above. Therefore, the scope of the embodiments includes any other applications using the aforementioned components, structures, and methods.

此處強調:係為了符合37 C.F.R.§ 1.72(b)中對將可讓讀者確定技術揭示的本質的一摘要之要求,而提供"發明摘要"。係在該"發明摘要"將不會被用來詮釋或限制申請專利範圍的範圍或意義的理解下,提交該"發明摘要"。此外,在前文的"實施方式"中,可看出:為了使揭示事項流暢,而將各特徵歸類在單一的實施例中。不應將本發明 揭示的方法詮釋為反映了申請專利範圍所述及之實施例需要有比每一申請專利範圍中明確述及的特徵更多的特徵之意圖。而是如最後的申請專利範圍所反映的,本發明之標的可處於比單一揭示的實施例的所有特徵少之特徵。因此,特此將最後的各申請專利範圍併入該"實施方式",而使每一申請專利範圍獨立對應一各別的較佳實施例。在最後的申請專利範圍中,術語"包括"及"在其中"被分別用來作為各別術語"包含"及"其中"之普通英文同義語。此外,術語"第一"、"第二"、及"第三"等的術語只是被用來作為標記,且其用意並非將數字的要求強加在該等術語的受詞。 It is emphasized here that the "Summary of Invention" is provided in order to comply with the requirements of 37 C.F.R. § 1.72(b) for an abstract that will allow the reader to determine the nature of the technical disclosure. Submit the "Abstract of Invention" under the understanding that the "Abstract of Invention" will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the patent application. In addition, in the foregoing "embodiments", it can be seen that in order to make the disclosure matter smooth, each feature is classified into a single embodiment. The invention should not be The disclosed method is interpreted to reflect the intention of the embodiments described in the patent application scope to have more features than those explicitly stated in each patent application scope. Rather, as reflected in the scope of the final patent application, the subject matter of the present invention may be less than all features of a single disclosed embodiment. Therefore, the last patent application scope is hereby incorporated into the "embodiment", so that each patent application scope independently corresponds to a different preferred embodiment. In the final patent application, the terms "including" and "in which" are used as common English synonyms for the respective terms "including" and "in which". In addition, the terms "first", "second", and "third" are only used as marks, and their intention is not to impose numerical requirements on the recipients of these terms.

雖然已以與結構特徵及/或方法行動有關之語文說明了本發明之標的,但是我們應可了解:最後的申請專利範圍中界定之標的不必然被限於前文所述之該等特定特徵或行動。而是前文所述之該等特定特徵及行動被揭示為實施該等申請專利範圍之例示形式。 Although the subject matter of the present invention has been described in language related to structural features and/or method actions, we should understand that the subject matter defined in the scope of the final patent application is not necessarily limited to the specific features or actions described above . Rather, the specific features and actions described above are disclosed as examples of implementation of the scope of these patent applications.

100‧‧‧操作環境100‧‧‧Operating environment

102‧‧‧用戶設備102‧‧‧User equipment

104‧‧‧家用演進型節點B 104‧‧‧Home Evolution Node B

106‧‧‧行動管理實體106‧‧‧ mobile management entity

108‧‧‧服務閘道器108‧‧‧Service gateway

110‧‧‧封包資料網路閘道器110‧‧‧Packet data network gateway

112‧‧‧本地閘道器112‧‧‧Local gateway

120‧‧‧網際網路120‧‧‧Internet

Claims (23)

  1. 一種通訊裝置,包含:處理電路;以及電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以執行下列操作:基於包含在接收之情境回應訊息中的家庭區域網路識別碼(ID),於用戶設備(UE)之行動程序期間決定該用戶設備的家庭區域網路是否改變;以及回應該用戶設備的該家庭區域網路改變的決定:在該行動程序之後,決定釋放該用戶設備的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及啟動一程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,其中,以基於是否該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接而選擇被啟動以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之該程序。 A communication device including: a processing circuit; and a computer-readable storage medium having instructions stored on it executed by the processing circuit to perform the following operations: based on the home area network included in the received context response message An identification code (ID) determines whether the user equipment's home area network changes during the user equipment (UE) action procedure; and the decision to respond to the user equipment's home area network change: after the action procedure, decide Release the selected Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection on a local network of the user equipment; and initiate a procedure to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection, where The SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains the unique PDN connection of the user equipment and is selected to be activated to release the procedure of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一行動管理實體(MME)啟動之分離程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 For example, in the device of claim 1, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit in response to a decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains the only PDN connection of the user equipment , To initiate a separation procedure initiated by an action management entity (MME) to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第2項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以傳送一分離要求以啟動該MME啟動之分離程序。 As in the device of claim 2, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit to send a separation request to initiate the separation procedure initiated by the MME.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一行動管理實體(MME)要求之PDN切斷程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN連接。 For example, in the device of claim 1, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit in response to the SIPTO@LN PDN connection not including one of the only PDN connections of the user equipment It was decided to initiate a PDN disconnection procedure requested by an action management entity (MME) to release the SIPTO@LN connection.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第4項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以傳送一刪除會談層要求而啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 For example, in the device of claim 4, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit to send a request to delete the session layer to initiate the PDN cut-off procedure required by the MME.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第5項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以傳送具有一重啟動要求原因之該刪除會談層要求。 For example, in the device of claim 5, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit to transmit the request to delete the conversation layer with a reason for the restart request.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第1項之裝置,該電腦可讀取的儲存媒體具有儲存於其上由該處理電路執行之指令,以回應該用戶設備的該家庭區域網路不改變之一決定而決定維持該行動程序之後的該SIPTO@LN連接。 As for the device of claim 1, the computer-readable storage medium has instructions stored on it that are executed by the processing circuit in response to a decision that the home area network of the user equipment does not change and decides to maintain The SIPTO@LN connection after the action procedure.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第1項之裝置,其中該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含經由一獨立閘道器(GW)至一封包資料網路的連接。 For example, in the device of claim 1, the SIPTO@LN PDN connection includes a connection to a packet data network via a separate gateway (GW).
  9. 如申請專利範圍第1至8項中任一項之裝置,該行動程序用以包含一交遞。 For a device applying for any one of items 1 to 8 of the patent scope, the action procedure is used to include a delivery.
  10. 如申請專利範圍第9項之裝置,該接收訊息用以包含一前向重定位要求(forward relocation request)。 For example, in the device of claim 9, the received message is used to include a forward relocation request.
  11. 如申請專利範圍第1至8項中任一項之裝置,該行動程序用以包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序。 For the device of any one of patent application items 1 to 8, the mobile program includes a tracking area update (TAU) program.
  12. 如申請專利範圍第11項之裝置,該接收訊息用以包含一情境回應訊息。 For example, in the device of claim 11, the receiving message is used to include a situation response message.
  13. 一種電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由處理電路執行之指令,而使行動管理實體(MME)執行下列操作:基於包含在接收之情境回應訊息中的家庭區域網路識別碼(ID),於用戶設備(UE)之行動程序期間決定該用戶設備的家庭區域網路是否改變;以及回應該用戶設備的該家庭區域網路改變的決定:在該行動程序之後,決定釋放該用戶設備的一區域網路上之選擇網際網路通訊協定流量卸載(SIPTO@LN)封包資料網路(PDN)連接;以及啟動一程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接,其中,基於是否該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接而選擇被啟動以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接之該程序。 A computer-readable storage medium that stores instructions that are executed by the processing circuit to cause the mobile management entity (MME) to perform the following operations: Based on the home area network identification code (ID) contained in the received context response message, Decide whether the home area network of the user equipment changes during the action procedure of the user equipment (UE); and respond to the decision of the home area network change of the user equipment: after the action procedure, decide to release a piece of the user equipment Select the Internet Protocol Traffic Offload (SIPTO@LN) packet data network (PDN) connection on the local network; and initiate a procedure to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection, based on whether the SIPTO@LN PDN connection includes The unique PDN connection of the user equipment is selected to be activated to release the procedure of the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.
  14. 如申請專利範圍第13項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME啟動之分離程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN PDN連接。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of patent application scope item 13 stores the instructions executed by the processing circuit, so that the MME responds to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection contains one of the unique PDN connections of the user equipment and starts A separation procedure initiated by an MME to release the SIPTO@LN PDN connection.
  15. 如申請專利範圍第14項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME傳送一分離要求以啟動該MME啟動之分離程序。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of patent application item 14 stores instructions executed by the processing circuit, so that the MME sends a separation request to start the separation procedure initiated by the MME.
  16. 如申請專利範圍第13項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒 體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME回應該SIPTO@LN PDN連接不包含該用戶設備的唯一PDN連接之一決定,啟動一MME要求之PDN切斷程序以釋放該SIPTO@LN連接。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of patent application item 13 In this case, the instruction executed by the processing circuit is stored, so that the MME responds to the decision that the SIPTO@LN PDN connection does not include the only PDN connection of the user equipment, and initiates a PDN disconnection procedure required by the MME to release the SIPTO@ LN connection.
  17. 如申請專利範圍第16項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME傳送一刪除會談層要求而啟動該MME要求之PDN切斷程序。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of claim 16 of the patent scope stores instructions executed by the processing circuit, so that the MME sends a request to delete the session layer to start the PDN cut-off procedure required by the MME.
  18. 如申請專利範圍第17項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME傳送具有一重啟動要求原因之該刪除會談層要求。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of claim 17 of the patent scope stores instructions executed by the processing circuit, so that the MME transmits the request to delete the conversation layer with a reason for the restart request.
  19. 如申請專利範圍第13項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,儲存有由該處理電路執行之指令,而使該MME回應該用戶設備的該家庭區域網路不改變之一決定而決定維持該行動程序之後的該SIPTO@LN連接。 For example, the computer-readable storage medium of patent claim 13 stores instructions executed by the processing circuit, and the MME responds to a decision of the user equipment that the home area network does not change and decides to maintain the action The SIPTO@LN connection after the program.
  20. 如申請專利範圍第13至19項中任一項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該行動程序用以包含一交遞。 For a computer-readable storage medium according to any one of claims 13 to 19, the action program is used to include a delivery.
  21. 如申請專利範圍第20項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該接收訊息用以包含一前向重定位要求。 If the computer-readable storage medium of the 20th patent application, the received message is used to include a forward relocation request.
  22. 如申請專利範圍第13至19項中任一項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該行動程序用以包含一追蹤區更新(TAU)程序。 For a computer-readable storage medium according to any of claims 13 to 19, the mobile program includes a tracking area update (TAU) program.
  23. 如申請專利範圍第22項之電腦可讀取的儲存媒體,該接收訊息用以包含一情境回應訊息。 If the computer-readable storage medium of the 22nd patent application, the received message is used to include a context response message.
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