TWI680795B - Water purification system with water saving function - Google Patents

Water purification system with water saving function Download PDF

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TWI680795B
TWI680795B TW107142762A TW107142762A TWI680795B TW I680795 B TWI680795 B TW I680795B TW 107142762 A TW107142762 A TW 107142762A TW 107142762 A TW107142762 A TW 107142762A TW I680795 B TWI680795 B TW I680795B
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water
reverse osmosis
pure water
outlet pipe
pure
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TW107142762A
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TW202019550A (en
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張耀欽
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張耀欽
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本發明提供一種具省水功能之淨水系統,係包括一逆滲透過濾器及一蓄水桶,該逆滲透過濾器設置有一入水管及一純水出水管及一廢水出水管,另該蓄水桶係設置於所述逆滲透過濾器與該純水逆止閥間,且該蓄水桶以一蓄水管路連通所述純水出水管,以使通過逆滲透過濾器之純水可通過所述蓄水管路進入所述蓄水桶內,及可經由蓄水管路出水逆洗所述逆滲透過濾器,以使逆滲透過濾器雜質及有害物質可有效清除,進而達到節水且可延長使用壽命之功效者,並可經由蓄水桶達到分流分壓以達到緩衝水壓之功效。 The invention provides a water purification system with water saving function, which includes a reverse osmosis filter and a water storage barrel, the reverse osmosis filter is provided with a water inlet pipe, a pure water outlet pipe and a waste water outlet pipe, and the other The water bucket is arranged between the reverse osmosis filter and the pure water check valve, and the water storage bucket communicates with the pure water outlet pipe through a water storage pipeline, so that the pure water passing through the reverse osmosis filter can Enter the water storage tank through the water storage pipeline, and reversely wash the reverse osmosis filter through the water storage pipeline outlet, so that impurities and harmful substances in the reverse osmosis filter can be effectively removed, thereby achieving water saving and Those who can prolong the service life, and can achieve the effect of buffering the water pressure through the water storage tank to achieve the shunt and partial pressure.

Description

具省水功能之淨水系統 Water purification system with water saving function

本發明係有關於一種可達到節水且可延長使用壽命及可緩衝水壓並自動逆洗的具省水功能之淨水系統。 The invention relates to a water purifying system with water saving function, which can achieve water saving, can prolong service life, can buffer water pressure and automatically backwash.

水是所有自然界生物質賴以生存之三大要件之一,因此,水在自然界中,扮演著極為重要之角色,尤其水為人類生活中不可或缺之要素,更尤其是在飲用水的品質對人體非常之重要,可是隨著時代的變遷、經濟的發展、人口的增加,不少地區水源短缺,有的地區飲用水水源污染嚴重,居民生活飲用水安全受到威脅,又或者因自來水管老舊、或水塔並無清潔之習慣,使得水管、水塔經長年累月亦會產生髒污物,也因此相關業者研發出各式之淨水、過濾設備,且民眾也相對紛紛購買安裝,以對飲用水進行過濾,防止受污染、不潔淨的水被民眾所飲用之情況發生,求得水質潔淨方能安心使用,而一般最常見的淨水設備就是逆滲透過濾水機,逆滲透法簡稱RO,是目前人類所知最有效水處理方法,而逆滲透的原理就是在原水端加壓,使純淨的水分子穿透薄膜而產生純水,而過濾出來的雜質及有害物質則以廢水排放,由於薄膜的極小孔徑0.0001微米,它可以有效過濾水中所含之細菌、病毒、各種化學有毒物質。 Water is one of the three major elements for the survival of all natural biomass. Therefore, water plays an extremely important role in nature, especially water is an indispensable element in human life, especially in the quality of drinking water. Very important to the human body, but with the changes of the times, economic development, and population increase, water shortages in many areas, drinking water sources in some areas are seriously polluted, the safety of drinking water for residents is threatened, or due to old water pipes The old or water towers do not have the habit of cleaning, so that the water pipes and water towers will also produce dirt and dirt over the years. Therefore, the relevant manufacturers have developed various types of water purification and filtration equipment, and the people have also purchased and installed relatively Perform filtration to prevent the situation where contaminated and unclean water is consumed by the public. Only when the water quality is clean can it be used with peace of mind. The most common water purification equipment is the reverse osmosis water filter. The reverse osmosis method is referred to as RO. At present, the most effective water treatment method known to mankind, and the principle of reverse osmosis is to pressurize the raw water end, so that pure water molecules penetrate the membrane to produce pure water, and the filtered impurities and harmful substances are discharged as wastewater. It has a very small pore size of 0.0001 microns, which can effectively filter bacteria, viruses, and various chemical toxic substances contained in water.

而現今的逆滲透過濾水機主要是利用逆滲透過濾器進行過濾,但逆滲透過濾水機在使用上也有許多問題,其中逆滲透過濾器有區分 有儲水式或直水式,其中因為逆滲透過濾器之孔徑極小,所以在過濾水的時候速度慢,所以需要以大水桶來進行儲水,但儲存於大水桶之淨水並不會流動,也因此容易造成水桶變質與污垢產生,更其中,在逆滲透過濾器過濾水時,其過濾出來的雜質及有害物質會停留在逆滲透過濾器內,而在下一次再使用該逆滲透過濾器過濾水時,其溶解性固體總量相對會比較高,而其過濾出來的水質相對比較不乾淨,而逆滲透過濾器經過長時間使用且雜質及有害物質之堵塞,也會造成逆滲透過濾器過濾效果變差及使用壽命減短,更因此逆滲透過濾水機所濾出之廢水是純水的兩倍,也會造成水能源的浪費。 The current reverse osmosis filter water machine mainly uses reverse osmosis filter to filter, but the reverse osmosis filter water machine also has many problems in use, among which the reverse osmosis filter is distinguished There are water storage type or direct water type, because the pore size of the reverse osmosis filter is extremely small, so the speed is slow when filtering water, so a large bucket is required for water storage, but the purified water stored in the large bucket does not flow , It is also easy to cause the deterioration of the bucket and the generation of dirt, and even more, when the water is filtered by the reverse osmosis filter, the impurities and harmful substances filtered out will stay in the reverse osmosis filter, and the reverse osmosis filter will be used next time When filtering water, the total amount of dissolved solids is relatively high, and the quality of the filtered water is relatively unclean. The reverse osmosis filter will also cause reverse osmosis filters after long-term use and clogging of impurities and harmful substances. The filtration effect is poor and the service life is shortened. Therefore, the waste water filtered by the reverse osmosis water filter is twice that of pure water, which will also cause waste of water energy.

而直水式之逆滲透過濾水機主要就是在過濾後直接飲用,沒有經過大水桶的儲水,但直水式之逆滲透過濾水機在開水後,其系統內之壓力開關壓力變小,且由壓力開關控制泵浦加壓進水,而於逆滲透過濾水機在關水後,其壓力開關壓力變大,且由壓力開關控制泵浦停止進水,但在關閉之瞬間,其加壓進水並無法第一時間就關閉,而其水壓則會造成壓力開關之瞬間壓力過大,進而導致壓力開關及逆滲透過濾水機容易損壞之問題產生。 The direct water reverse osmosis filter water machine is mainly to drink directly after filtration, without storing water in a large bucket, but the direct water reverse osmosis filter water machine after the boiling water, the pressure switch pressure in its system becomes smaller, The pressure switch controls the pump's pressurized water intake. After the reverse osmosis water filter is turned off, the pressure switch pressure becomes larger, and the pressure switch controls the pump to stop the water intake. The water pressure cannot be turned off immediately, and its water pressure will cause the instantaneous pressure of the pressure switch to be too large, which will lead to the problem that the pressure switch and the reverse osmosis water filter are easily damaged.

另外,也有廠商推出以電子式控制來對逆滲透過濾水機進行逆洗,但以電子式控制相對增加使用成本及更換之成本。 In addition, some manufacturers have introduced electronic control to reverse wash the reverse osmosis water filter, but the electronic control relatively increases the use cost and replacement cost.

是以,要如何解決上述習用之問題與缺失,即為本案之發明人與從事此行業之相關廠商所亟欲研究改善之方向所在者。 Therefore, how to solve the problems and deficiencies in the above-mentioned practice is the one where the inventors of this case and related manufacturers engaged in this industry are desperate to study the direction of improvement.

爰此,為有效解決上述之問題,本發明之主要目的在提供一 種可達到節水且可延長使用壽命及可緩衝水壓並自動逆洗的具省水功能之淨水系統。 Therefore, in order to effectively solve the above problems, the main purpose of the present invention is to provide a A water purifying system with water saving function that can achieve water saving, prolong service life, and can buffer water pressure and automatically reverse wash.

根據本發明之目的,本發明提供一種具省水功能之淨水系統,係包括一逆滲透過濾器及一蓄水桶,其中所述逆滲透過濾器於前端位置處設置有一入水管,而於後端位置處設置有一純水出水管及一廢水出水管,而該純水出水管內設置有一純水逆止閥,另該蓄水桶係設置於所述逆滲透過濾器與該純水逆止閥間,且該蓄水桶以一蓄水管路連通所述純水出水管,以使通過逆滲透過濾器之純水可通過所述蓄水管路進入所述蓄水桶內,而蓄水桶內之純水也可經由蓄水管路逆洗所述逆滲透過濾器,以使逆滲透過濾器雜質及有害物質可有效清除且由廢水出水管送出,進而達到節水且可延長使用壽命之功效者,又其中,其通過所述逆滲透過濾器之水壓可經由所述蓄水桶達到分流分壓,進而達到可有效緩衝水壓之功效。 According to the purpose of the present invention, the present invention provides a water purification system with water saving function, which includes a reverse osmosis filter and a water storage bucket, wherein the reverse osmosis filter is provided with a water inlet pipe at the front end position, and A pure water outlet pipe and a waste water outlet pipe are provided at the rear end position, and a pure water check valve is provided in the pure water outlet pipe, and the water storage bucket is provided at the reverse osmosis filter and the pure water reverse Between the check valve, and the water storage tank is connected to the pure water outlet pipe through a water storage pipeline, so that the pure water passing through the reverse osmosis filter can enter the water storage tank through the water storage pipeline, and The pure water in the water storage tank can also be used to reversely wash the reverse osmosis filter through the water storage pipeline, so that the impurities and harmful substances of the reverse osmosis filter can be effectively removed and sent out from the waste water outlet pipe, thereby achieving water saving and extended use The effect of lifespan, among which, the water pressure passing through the reverse osmosis filter can reach the shunt and partial pressure through the water storage barrel, thereby achieving the effect of effectively buffering the water pressure.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述純水出水管另一端設置有一出水開關,並該純水出水管內設置有一壓力開關。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, an outlet switch is provided at the other end of the pure water outlet pipe, and a pressure switch is provided in the pure water outlet pipe.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述入水管另一端緣設置有一進水泵浦,該進水泵浦另連通有一進水閥,而該壓力開關可產生壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, an inlet pump is provided at the other end of the inlet pipe, the inlet pump is further connected to an inlet valve, and the pressure switch can generate a pressure signal to the inlet Water pump.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述蓄水管路內設置有一限流閥及一逆止閥,而該純水係通過所述逆止閥進入所述蓄水桶內。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, a restriction valve and a check valve are provided in the water storage pipeline, and the pure water system enters the water storage barrel through the check valve.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述蓄水管路內設置有一逆止閥,而該純水係通過所述逆止閥進入所述蓄水桶內,並該蓄水桶內之純水以一蓄水出水管送至所述逆滲透過濾器內。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, a check valve is provided in the water storage pipeline, and the pure water system enters the water storage bucket through the check valve, and the water storage bucket The pure water is sent to the reverse osmosis filter through a water storage outlet pipe.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述蓄水管路上設置有一壓力感測錶。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, a pressure sensing meter is provided on the water storage pipeline.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述逆滲透過濾器內設置有一過濾層及一支撐層,並該支撐層連通所述純水出水管。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, a filter layer and a support layer are provided in the reverse osmosis filter, and the support layer communicates with the pure water outlet pipe.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述蓄水桶具有一出水口及內部設置有一隔膜,並該蓄水桶於隔膜相鄰於出水口之一側形成有一純水填充空間,遠離於出水口之一側形成有一空氣填充空間。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, the water storage bucket has a water outlet and a diaphragm is provided inside, and the water bucket forms a pure water filling space on one side of the diaphragm adjacent to the water outlet, away from An air-filled space is formed on one side of the water outlet.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述純水填充空間之容量大於逆滲透過濾器容量5%至30%。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, wherein the volume of the pure water filled space is greater than the capacity of the reverse osmosis filter by 5% to 30%.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述出水開關開啟時,通過壓力開關之水壓大於蓄水桶於出水口之空氣壓力。 According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, when the water outlet switch is turned on, the water pressure through the pressure switch is greater than the air pressure of the water storage bucket at the water outlet.

根據本發明淨水系統之一實施例,其中所述蓄水桶之純水係通過所述蓄水管路及純水出水管且送至所述逆滲透過濾器,並其純水係由所述限流閥限制出水壓力且限制其水壓小於1KG/CM2According to an embodiment of the water purification system of the present invention, wherein the pure water of the water storage tank passes through the water storage pipeline and the pure water outlet pipe and is sent to the reverse osmosis filter, and its pure water system is The restrictor valve limits the water pressure and limits its water pressure to less than 1KG/CM 2 .

以下將配合圖式進一步說明本發明的實施方式,下述所列舉的實施例係用以闡明本發明,並非用以限定本發明之範圍,任何熟習此技藝者,在不脫離本發明之精神和範圍內,當可做些許更動與潤飾,因此本發明之保護範圍當視後附之申請專利範圍所界定者為準。 The embodiments of the present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings. The examples listed below are used to clarify the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Anyone who is familiar with this art without departing from the spirit and spirit of the present invention Within the scope, some changes and retouching can be done, so the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the scope defined in the appended patent application.

1‧‧‧淨水系統 1‧‧‧ Water purification system

2‧‧‧逆滲透過濾器 2‧‧‧Reverse osmosis filter

21‧‧‧入水管 21‧‧‧ water inlet

211‧‧‧進水泵浦 211‧‧‧Inlet pump

212‧‧‧進水閥 212‧‧‧Inlet valve

22‧‧‧純水出水管 22‧‧‧Pure water outlet pipe

221‧‧‧純水逆止閥 221‧‧‧Pure water check valve

222‧‧‧出水開關 222‧‧‧Water outlet switch

223‧‧‧壓力開關 223‧‧‧Pressure switch

23‧‧‧廢水出水管 23‧‧‧ Wastewater outlet pipe

24‧‧‧過濾層 24‧‧‧Filter layer

25‧‧‧支撐層 25‧‧‧support layer

3‧‧‧蓄水桶 3‧‧‧Water storage bucket

31‧‧‧蓄水管路 31‧‧‧Water storage pipeline

311‧‧‧限流閥 311‧‧‧Restriction valve

312‧‧‧逆止閥 312‧‧‧Check valve

32‧‧‧蓄水口 32‧‧‧Water storage

33‧‧‧隔膜 33‧‧‧ Diaphragm

34‧‧‧純水填充空間 34‧‧‧Pure water fills the space

35‧‧‧空氣填充空間 35‧‧‧Air filled space

36‧‧‧蓄水出水管 36‧‧‧Water storage outlet pipe

361‧‧‧出水逆止閥 361‧‧‧Water outlet check valve

第1圖係本發明淨水系統之系統示意圖。 Figure 1 is a system schematic diagram of the water purification system of the present invention.

第2圖係本發明淨水系統之實施示意圖一。 Figure 2 is a schematic diagram 1 of the implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

第3圖係本發明淨水系統之實施示意圖二。 Figure 3 is a schematic diagram 2 of the implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

第4圖係本發明淨水系統之實施示意圖三。 Figure 4 is a schematic diagram 3 of the implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

第5圖係本發明淨水系統之另一系統示意圖。 Figure 5 is another system schematic diagram of the water purification system of the present invention.

第6圖係本發明淨水系統之另一實施示意圖一。 Figure 6 is another schematic diagram 1 of another implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

第7圖係本發明淨水系統之另一實施示意圖二。 Figure 7 is another schematic diagram 2 of another implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

第8圖係本發明淨水系統之另一實施示意圖三。 Figure 8 is a schematic diagram 3 of another implementation of the water purification system of the present invention.

請參閱第1圖所示,係為本發明淨水系統1之系統示意圖,由圖中可清楚看出,其中所述淨水系統1係包括有一逆滲透過濾器2及一蓄水桶3,該逆滲透過濾器2於前端位置處設置有一入水管21,而於後端位置處設置有一純水出水管22及一廢水出水管23,且該逆滲透過濾器2內設置有一過濾層24及一支撐層25,該過濾層24係連通所述入水管21及該廢水出水管23,而該支撐層25係連通所述純水出水管22,另該純水出水管22內設置有一純水逆止閥221,且該純水出水管22相對逆滲透過濾器2另一端設置有一出水開關222,及該純水出水管22內設置有一壓力開關223,而該入水管21相對逆滲透過濾器2另一端設置有一進水泵浦211,該進水泵浦211另連通有一進水閥212,而該壓力開關223可產生壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211,另該 蓄水桶3係設置於所述逆滲透過濾器2與該純水逆止閥221間,且該蓄水桶3以一蓄水管路31連通所述純水出水管22,該蓄水管路31內設置有一限流閥311及一逆止閥312,而該逆滲透過濾器2過濾後之純水係通過所述逆止閥312進入所述蓄水桶3內,另該蓄水桶3具有一蓄水口32及內部設置有一隔膜33,並該蓄水桶3於隔膜33相鄰於蓄水口32之一側形成有一純水填充空間34,遠離於蓄水口32之一側形成有一空氣填充空間35,而該純水填充空間34之容量大於逆滲透過濾器2容量5%至30%。 Please refer to FIG. 1, which is a system schematic diagram of the water purification system 1 of the present invention. It can be clearly seen from the figure that the water purification system 1 includes a reverse osmosis filter 2 and a water storage tank 3, The reverse osmosis filter 2 is provided with a water inlet pipe 21 at the front end position, and a pure water outlet pipe 22 and a waste water outlet pipe 23 are provided at the rear end position, and a filter layer 24 and A supporting layer 25, the filtering layer 24 is connected to the water inlet pipe 21 and the waste water outlet pipe 23, and the supporting layer 25 is connected to the pure water outlet pipe 22, and the pure water outlet pipe 22 is provided with a pure water A non-return valve 221, and the pure water outlet pipe 22 is provided with a water outlet switch 222 opposite to the other end of the reverse osmosis filter 2, and a pressure switch 223 is provided in the pure water outlet pipe 22, and the water inlet pipe 21 is opposite to the reverse osmosis filter 2 The other end is provided with an inlet pump 211, the inlet pump 211 is further connected with an inlet valve 212, and the pressure switch 223 can generate a pressure signal to the inlet pump 211, and the other The water storage barrel 3 is disposed between the reverse osmosis filter 2 and the pure water check valve 221, and the water storage barrel 3 communicates with the pure water outlet pipe 22 through a water storage pipe 31. The water storage pipe A restrictor valve 311 and a check valve 312 are provided in the path 31, and the pure water filtered by the reverse osmosis filter 2 enters the storage tank 3 through the check valve 312, and the other storage tank 3 has a water storage port 32 and a diaphragm 33 is provided inside, and the water storage barrel 3 forms a pure water filling space 34 on the side of the diaphragm 33 adjacent to the water storage port 32, away from one side of the water storage port 32 An air-filled space 35 is formed, and the capacity of the pure water-filled space 34 is greater than the capacity of the reverse osmosis filter 2 by 5% to 30%.

再請參閱前述附圖及第2圖及第3圖所示,係為本發明淨水系統1之實施示意圖一及二,其中所述淨水系統1於運作時,係先開啟所述出水開關222,而該壓力開關223感應其出水開關222開啟便以無線或有線方式傳送壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211,該而進水閥212的原水便通過所述進水泵浦211且由入水管21送至所述逆滲透過濾器2,該逆滲透過濾器2之過濾原理係為原水由入水管21進入逆滲透過濾器2之過濾層24且由過濾層24進行過濾得到之純水送至所述支撐層25,而支撐層25之純水由純水出水管22送出至出水開關222且供使用者使用,另外過濾出之廢水則由廢水出水管23送出,而其中,當純水由所述純水出水管22送出時,其純水通過壓力開關223之水壓大於蓄水桶3於蓄水口32之空氣壓力,因此,其純水會同時由所述經由分壓送至蓄水管路31,通過蓄水管路31之純水會通過蓄水口32送至純水填充空間34內,而在填充之同時,其純水會擠壓隔膜33且壓縮所述空氣填充空間35,進而達到由該蓄水桶3儲存純水之功效者。 Please refer to the aforementioned drawings and shown in Figures 2 and 3, which are schematic diagrams 1 and 2 of the implementation of the water purification system 1 of the present invention, wherein the water purification system 1 is turned on first when the water purification system 1 is in operation 222, and the pressure switch 223 senses that its water outlet switch 222 is turned on, and transmits the pressure signal to the water inlet pump 211 in a wireless or wired manner, and the raw water of the water inlet valve 212 passes through the water inlet pump 211 and The water inlet pipe 21 is sent to the reverse osmosis filter 2. The filtration principle of the reverse osmosis filter 2 is that the raw water enters the filter layer 24 of the reverse osmosis filter 2 through the water inlet pipe 21 and is pure water obtained by filtering the filter layer 24. It is sent to the support layer 25, and the pure water of the support layer 25 is sent to the water outlet switch 222 from the pure water outlet pipe 22 and used by the user, and the filtered waste water is sent out from the waste water outlet pipe 23, and When the water is sent out from the pure water outlet pipe 22, the water pressure of the pure water passing through the pressure switch 223 is greater than the air pressure of the water storage tank 3 at the water storage port 32, therefore, the pure water is simultaneously sent by the partial pressure To the water storage pipeline 31, the pure water passing through the water storage pipeline 31 will be sent to the pure water filling space 34 through the water storage port 32, and while filling, its pure water will squeeze the diaphragm 33 and compress the air The space 35 is filled to achieve the effect of storing pure water by the water storage bucket 3.

再請參閱前述附圖及第4圖所示,係為本發明淨水系統1之實施示意圖三,關閉所述出水開關222後,該壓力開關223感應其出水開關222關閉便以無線或有線方式傳送壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211且關閉其進水閥212進水,且在出水開關222關閉之同時,通過所述逆滲透過濾器2之水壓可經由所述蓄水桶3達到分流分壓,進而達到可有效緩衝水壓之功效,而當該進水閥212停止進水後,該逆滲透過濾器2之純水也停止送至所述蓄水桶3內,而蓄水桶3內之空氣填充空間35開始產生反壓將純水填充空間34內之純水由蓄水管路31送回逆滲透過濾器2,且其純水係由純水出水管22送至逆滲透過濾器2之支撐層25,且由支撐層25逆洗回過濾層24,使過濾層24內之雜質及有害物質送至廢水出水管23,進而達到可有效清洗該逆滲透過濾器2之功效,其中該蓄水管路31內另設置有所述限流閥311,該限流閥311限制出水壓力且限制其水壓小於1KG/CM2,可有效限制純水經過支撐層25流至過濾層24之流量,以避免過濾層24與支撐層25因逆向水壓過大而分離,造成過濾層24破損,而該逆滲透過濾器2經過純水清洗後,可使該逆滲透過濾器2之使用壽命有效延長,且過濾層24之雜質及有害物質有效清除以後,可有效減少排放至廢水出水管23之水量,使逆滲透過濾器2所濾出之純水與廢水比可達到1:0.5~1,進而達到該淨水系統1可有效節省廢水產生與省水之功效者,更且於下次再過濾原水時,其溶解性固體總量相對會比較低,而其過濾出來的水質相對比較乾淨,以使出水開關222出來之純水更加乾淨,更且該淨水系統1可有效解決習知需以電子式控制來對進行逆洗,以節省需以電子式控制相對增加使用成本 及更換之成本。 Please refer to the foregoing drawings and FIG. 4, which is a schematic diagram 3 of the implementation of the water purification system 1 of the present invention. After the water outlet switch 222 is turned off, the pressure switch 223 senses that the water outlet switch 222 is turned off and then wirelessly or wiredly Send a pressure signal to the inlet pump 211 and close the inlet valve 212 to enter the water, and while the outlet switch 222 is closed, the water pressure through the reverse osmosis filter 2 can be reached through the water storage tank 3 Divide and divide the pressure to achieve the effect of effectively buffering the water pressure, and when the water inlet valve 212 stops the water inlet, the pure water of the reverse osmosis filter 2 also stops sending to the water storage tank 3, and the water is stored The air-filled space 35 in the barrel 3 begins to generate back pressure to send the pure water in the pure water-filled space 34 back to the reverse osmosis filter 2 through the water storage pipe 31, and the pure water is sent from the pure water outlet pipe 22 to the reverse The support layer 25 of the osmosis filter 2 is backwashed back to the filter layer 24 by the support layer 25, so that the impurities and harmful substances in the filter layer 24 are sent to the waste water outlet pipe 23, so as to effectively clean the reverse osmosis filter 2 Efficacy, wherein the water storage pipeline 31 is further provided with the restrictor valve 311, the restrictor valve 311 limits the water pressure and the water pressure is less than 1KG/CM 2 , can effectively limit the flow of pure water through the support layer 25 to The flow rate of the filter layer 24 to prevent the filter layer 24 and the support layer 25 from separating due to excessive reverse water pressure, causing damage to the filter layer 24, and after the reverse osmosis filter 2 is washed with pure water, the reverse osmosis filter 2 The service life is effectively extended, and after the impurities and harmful substances in the filter layer 24 are effectively removed, the amount of water discharged into the wastewater outlet pipe 23 can be effectively reduced, so that the ratio of pure water and wastewater filtered by the reverse osmosis filter 2 can reach 1: 0.5~1, and then the water purification system 1 can effectively save the waste water generation and water-saving effects, and the next time the raw water is filtered again, the total dissolved solids will be relatively low, and the quality of the filtered water Relatively clean, so that the pure water from the water outlet switch 222 is cleaner, and the water purification system 1 can effectively solve the conventional need to use electronic control to backwash, to save the need to use electronic control to increase the relative cost And the cost of replacement.

另請參閱第5圖至第8圖所示,係為本發明淨水系統1之另一系統示意圖及另一實施示意圖一至三,其中所述淨水系統1係包括有所述逆滲透過濾器2及所述蓄水桶3,該逆滲透過濾器2於前端位置處設置有所述入水管21,而於後端位置處設置有所述純水出水管22及所述廢水出水管23,且該逆滲透過濾器2內設置有所述過濾層24及所述支撐層25,該過濾層24係連通所述入水管21及該廢水出水管23,而該支撐層25係連通所述純水出水管22,另該純水出水管22內設置有所述純水逆止閥221,且該純水出水管22相對逆滲透過濾器2另一端設置有所述出水開關222,及該純水出水管22內設置有所述壓力開關223,而該入水管21相對逆滲透過濾器2另一端設置有所述進水泵浦211,該進水泵浦211另連通有所述進水閥212,而該壓力開關223可產生壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211,另該蓄水桶3係設置於所述逆滲透過濾器2與該純水逆止閥221間,且該蓄水桶3以所述蓄水管路31連通所述純水出水管22,該蓄水管路31內設置有所述逆止閥312,而該逆滲透過濾器2過濾後之純水係通過所述逆止閥312進入所述蓄水桶3內,且該蓄水管路31上設置有所述壓力感測錶313,另該蓄水桶3具有所述蓄水口32及內部設置有一隔膜33,並該蓄水桶3於隔膜33相鄰於蓄水口32之一側形成有所述純水填充空間34,遠離於蓄水口32之一側形成有所述空氣填充空間35,而該純水填充空間34之容量大於逆滲透過濾器2容量5%至30%,又該蓄水桶3內之純水以一蓄水出水管36送至所述逆滲透過濾器2內,該蓄水出水管36係連通所 述過濾層24且設置有一出水逆止閥361,其中所述淨水系統1於運作時,係先開啟所述出水開關222,而該壓力開關223感應其出水開關222開啟便以無線或有線方式傳送壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211,該而進水閥212的原水便通過所述進水泵浦211且由入水管21送至所述逆滲透過濾器2,該逆滲透過濾器2之過濾原理係為原水由入水管21進入逆滲透過濾器2之過濾層24且由過濾層24進行過濾得到之純水送至所述支撐層25,而支撐層25之純水由純水出水管22送出至出水開關222且供使用者使用,另外過濾出之廢水則由廢水出水管23送出,而其中,當純水由所述純水出水管22送出時,其純水通過壓力開關223之水壓大於蓄水桶3於蓄水口32之空氣壓力,因此,其純水會同時由所述經由分壓送至蓄水管路31,通過蓄水管路31之純水會通過蓄水口32送至純水填充空間34內,而在填充之同時,其純水會擠壓隔膜33且壓縮所述空氣填充空間35,進而達到由該蓄水桶3儲存純水之功效者,而於關閉所述出水開關222後,該壓力開關223感應其出水開關222關閉便以無線或有線方式傳送壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦211且關閉其進水閥212進水,且在出水開關222關閉之同時,通過所述逆滲透過濾器2之水壓可經由所述蓄水桶3達到分流分壓,進而達到可有效緩衝水壓之功效,而當該進水閥212停止進水後,該逆滲透過濾器2之純水也停止送至所述蓄水桶3內,而蓄水桶3內之空氣填充空間35開始產生反壓將純水填充空間34內之純水由蓄水出水管36送回逆滲透過濾器2,使過濾層24表面之雜質及有害物質送至廢水出水管23,進而達到可有效清洗該逆滲透過濾器2之功效,而該逆滲透過濾器2經過純水清洗 後,可使該逆滲透過濾器2之使用壽命有效延長,且過濾層24之雜質及有害物質有效清除以後,可有效減少排放至廢水出水管23之水量,使逆滲透過濾器2所濾出之純水與廢水比可達到1:0.5~1,進而達到該淨水系統1可有效節省廢水產生與省水之功效者,更且於下次再過濾原水時,其溶解性固體總量相對會比較低,而其過濾出來的水質相對比較乾淨,以使出水開關222出來之純水更加乾淨,更且該淨水系統1可有效解決習知需以電子式控制來對進行逆洗,以節省需以電子式控制相對增加使用成本及更換之成本。 Please also refer to FIG. 5 to FIG. 8 for another system schematic diagram and another implementation schematic diagram 1-3 of the water purification system 1 of the present invention, wherein the water purification system 1 includes the reverse osmosis filter 2 and the water storage tank 3, the reverse osmosis filter 2 is provided with the water inlet pipe 21 at the front end position, and the pure water outlet pipe 22 and the waste water outlet pipe 23 are provided at the rear end position, And the reverse osmosis filter 2 is provided with the filter layer 24 and the support layer 25, the filter layer 24 is connected to the water inlet pipe 21 and the waste water outlet pipe 23, and the support layer 25 is connected to the pure A water outlet pipe 22, and the pure water outlet pipe 22 is provided with the pure water check valve 221, and the pure water outlet pipe 22 is provided with the water outlet switch 222 opposite to the other end of the reverse osmosis filter 2, and the pure The pressure switch 223 is provided in the water outlet pipe 22, and the inlet pipe 21 is provided with the inlet pump 211 at the other end of the reverse osmosis filter 2, and the inlet pump 211 is further connected to the inlet valve 212, and the pressure switch 223 can generate a pressure signal to the inlet pump 211, and the water storage tank 3 is disposed between the reverse osmosis filter 2 and the pure water check valve 221, and the water storage The barrel 3 communicates with the pure water outlet pipe 22 through the water storage pipe 31, the water storage pipe 31 is provided with the check valve 312, and the pure water filtered by the reverse osmosis filter 2 passes through the The check valve 312 enters the water storage barrel 3, and the water storage pipeline 31 is provided with the pressure sensing table 313, and the water storage barrel 3 has the water storage port 32 and a diaphragm is provided inside 33, and the water storage tank 3 is formed with the pure water filling space 34 on the side of the diaphragm 33 adjacent to the water storage port 32, and the air filling space 35 is formed on the side remote from the water storage port 32, and The capacity of the pure water filling space 34 is greater than 5% to 30% of the capacity of the reverse osmosis filter 2, and the pure water in the water storage tank 3 is sent to the reverse osmosis filter 2 through a water storage outlet pipe 36. The water storage outlet pipe 36 is connected to the station The filter layer 24 is also provided with a water outlet check valve 361, wherein the water purification system 1 is in operation, the water outlet switch 222 is first opened, and the pressure switch 223 senses that the water outlet switch 222 is turned on in a wireless or wired manner The pressure signal is transmitted to the inlet pump 211, and the raw water of the inlet valve 212 passes through the inlet pump 211 and is sent from the inlet pipe 21 to the reverse osmosis filter 2, which reverse osmosis filter 2 The filtering principle is that the raw water enters the filter layer 24 of the reverse osmosis filter 2 through the water inlet pipe 21 and the pure water filtered by the filter layer 24 is sent to the supporting layer 25, and the pure water of the supporting layer 25 is output from the pure water The water pipe 22 is sent out to the water outlet switch 222 and used by the user, and the filtered waste water is sent out from the waste water outlet pipe 23, and when the pure water is sent out from the pure water outlet pipe 22, its pure water passes through the pressure switch 223 The water pressure is greater than the air pressure of the water storage tank 3 at the water storage port 32, so its pure water will be sent to the water storage pipeline 31 from the partial pressure at the same time, and the pure water passing through the water storage pipeline 31 will pass The water port 32 is sent to the pure water filling space 34, and at the same time, its pure water will squeeze the diaphragm 33 and compress the air filling space 35, so as to achieve the effect of storing pure water by the water storage tank 3, After the water outlet switch 222 is closed, the pressure switch 223 senses that the water outlet switch 222 is closed, and then transmits a pressure signal to the water inlet pump 211 wirelessly or by wire and closes the water inlet valve 212 to enter the water. When the switch 222 is closed, the water pressure passing through the reverse osmosis filter 2 can reach the shunt and partial pressure through the water storage tank 3, thereby achieving the effect of effectively buffering the water pressure, and when the water inlet valve 212 stops the water inlet After that, the pure water of the reverse osmosis filter 2 also stops being sent to the water storage tank 3, and the air-filled space 35 in the water storage tank 3 begins to generate a back pressure to remove the pure water in the pure water-filled space 34 from The water outlet pipe 36 is sent back to the reverse osmosis filter 2, so that impurities and harmful substances on the surface of the filter layer 24 are sent to the waste water outlet pipe 23, thereby achieving the effect of effectively cleaning the reverse osmosis filter 2, and the reverse osmosis filter 2 After pure water cleaning After that, the service life of the reverse osmosis filter 2 can be effectively extended, and after the impurities and harmful substances in the filter layer 24 are effectively removed, the amount of water discharged to the waste water outlet pipe 23 can be effectively reduced, so that the reverse osmosis filter 2 can filter out The ratio of pure water to wastewater can reach 1:0.5~1, and then the water purification system 1 can effectively save the wastewater generation and water-saving effects, and the next time the raw water is filtered again, the total dissolved solids is relatively It will be relatively low, and the quality of the filtered water is relatively clean, so that the pure water from the outlet switch 222 is cleaner, and the water purification system 1 can effectively solve the conventional need to use electronic control to backwash to To save the need to use electronic control to relatively increase the cost of use and replacement costs.

需陳明者,以上所述僅為本案之較佳實施例,並非用以限制本發明,若依本發明之構想所作之改變,在不脫離本發明精神範圍內,例如:對於構形或佈置型態加以變換,對於各種變化,修飾與應用,所產生等效作用,均應包含於本案之權利範圍內,合予陳明。 To be clear, the above is only the preferred embodiment of this case, not intended to limit the present invention. If the changes made according to the concept of the present invention do not deviate from the spirit of the present invention, for example: for configuration or arrangement The form is transformed, and the equivalent effects of various changes, modifications and applications should be included in the scope of the rights of this case, and it should be given to Chen Ming.

1‧‧‧淨水系統 1‧‧‧ Water purification system

2‧‧‧逆滲透過濾器 2‧‧‧Reverse osmosis filter

21‧‧‧入水管 21‧‧‧ water inlet

211‧‧‧進水泵浦 211‧‧‧Inlet pump

212‧‧‧進水閥 212‧‧‧Inlet valve

22‧‧‧純水出水管 22‧‧‧Pure water outlet pipe

221‧‧‧純水逆止閥 221‧‧‧Pure water check valve

222‧‧‧出水開關 222‧‧‧Water outlet switch

223‧‧‧壓力開關 223‧‧‧Pressure switch

23‧‧‧廢水出水管 23‧‧‧ Wastewater outlet pipe

24‧‧‧過濾層 24‧‧‧Filter layer

25‧‧‧支撐層 25‧‧‧support layer

3‧‧‧蓄水桶 3‧‧‧Water storage bucket

31‧‧‧蓄水管路 31‧‧‧Water storage pipeline

311‧‧‧限流閥 311‧‧‧Restriction valve

312‧‧‧逆止閥 312‧‧‧Check valve

32‧‧‧蓄水口 32‧‧‧Water storage

33‧‧‧隔膜 33‧‧‧ Diaphragm

34‧‧‧純水填充空間 34‧‧‧Pure water fills the space

35‧‧‧空氣填充空間 35‧‧‧Air filled space

Claims (7)

一種具省水功能之淨水系統,係包括:一逆滲透過濾器,該逆滲透過濾器具有一入水管及一純水出水管及一廢水出水管,該純水出水管內設置有一純水逆止閥,又該逆滲透過濾器內設置有一過濾層及一支撐層,並該支撐層連通所述純水出水管;一蓄水桶,該蓄水桶係設置於所述逆滲透過濾器與該純水逆止閥間,且該蓄水桶以一蓄水管路連通所述純水出水管,該蓄水管路內設置有一限流閥及一逆止閥,以使通過逆滲透過濾器之純水可通過所述純水出水管及逆止閥進入所述蓄水桶內,而蓄水桶內之純水由蓄水管路及限流閥及純水出水管送回逆滲透過濾器之支撐層。 A water purification system with water saving function includes: a reverse osmosis filter with a water inlet pipe and a pure water outlet pipe and a waste water outlet pipe, the pure water outlet pipe is provided with a pure water reverse A check valve, and a filter layer and a support layer are provided in the reverse osmosis filter, and the support layer communicates with the pure water outlet pipe; a water storage barrel is provided on the reverse osmosis filter and Between the pure water check valve, and the water storage barrel is connected to the pure water outlet pipe with a water storage pipeline, and a restriction valve and a check valve are provided in the water storage pipeline to filter through reverse osmosis The pure water of the device can enter the storage tank through the pure water outlet pipe and the check valve, and the pure water in the storage bucket is sent back to the reverse osmosis by the storage pipe and the restrictor valve and the pure water outlet pipe The supporting layer of the filter. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述純水出水管另一端設置有一出水開關,並該純水出水管內設置有一壓力開關。 A water purification system with water saving function as described in item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the pure water outlet pipe is provided with a water outlet switch at the other end, and a pressure switch is provided in the pure water outlet pipe. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述入水管另一端設置有一進水泵浦,該進水泵浦另連通有一進水閥,而該壓力開關可產生壓力訊號至所述進水泵浦。 As described in item 2 of the patent application scope, a water-purifying water purification system, wherein the inlet pipe is provided with an inlet pump at the other end, the inlet pump is connected to an inlet valve, and the pressure switch can be Generate a pressure signal to the inlet pump. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述蓄水桶具有一出水口及內部設置有一隔膜,並該蓄水桶於隔膜相鄰於出水口之一側形成有一純水填充空間,遠離於出水口之一側形成有一空氣填充空間。 The water purifying system with water saving function as described in item 2 of the patent application scope, wherein the water storage bucket has a water outlet and a diaphragm is arranged inside, and the water storage bucket is on the side of the diaphragm adjacent to the water outlet A pure water filled space is formed, and an air filled space is formed on one side away from the water outlet. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述純水填充空間之容量大於逆滲透過濾器容量5%至30%。 The water purification system with water saving function as described in item 4 of the patent application scope, wherein the volume of the pure water filled space is greater than the capacity of the reverse osmosis filter by 5% to 30%. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述出水開關開啟時,通過壓力開關之水壓大於蓄水桶於出水口之空氣壓力。 The water purification system with water saving function as described in item 4 of the patent application scope, wherein when the water outlet switch is turned on, the water pressure through the pressure switch is greater than the air pressure of the water storage bucket at the water outlet. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之具省水功能之淨水系統,其中所述蓄水桶之純水係通過所述蓄水管路及純水出水管且送至所述逆滲透過濾器,並其純水係由所述限流閥限制出水壓力且限制其水壓小於1KG/CM2The water purifying system with water saving function as described in item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the pure water of the water storage tank is sent to the reverse osmosis filter through the water storage pipeline and the pure water outlet pipe , And its pure water system is restricted by the restrictor valve to the outlet pressure and its water pressure is less than 1KG/CM 2 .
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4971689A (en) * 1988-09-26 1990-11-20 Burrows Bruce D Reverse osmosis water purification system with improved pressure relief value
CN201793439U (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Household purified water processing device
CN203447988U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-02-26 美的集团股份有限公司 Reverse osmosis water purification device
CN106186193A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-07 浙江沁园水处理科技有限公司 Anti-penetration water purifier

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4971689A (en) * 1988-09-26 1990-11-20 Burrows Bruce D Reverse osmosis water purification system with improved pressure relief value
CN201793439U (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-04-13 浙江大学 Household purified water processing device
CN203447988U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-02-26 美的集团股份有限公司 Reverse osmosis water purification device
CN106186193A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-07 浙江沁园水处理科技有限公司 Anti-penetration water purifier

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