TWI599441B - Grinder with wheel dressing mechanism - Google Patents

Grinder with wheel dressing mechanism Download PDF

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TWI599441B
TWI599441B TW103123863A TW103123863A TWI599441B TW I599441 B TWI599441 B TW I599441B TW 103123863 A TW103123863 A TW 103123863A TW 103123863 A TW103123863 A TW 103123863A TW I599441 B TWI599441 B TW I599441B
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axis
grinding wheel
parallel
moving
bed
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TW103123863A
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TW201601872A (en
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Zi-Yin Liang
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Advance Machining Systems S L
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Description

具砂輪修整機構之磨床 Grinding machine with grinding wheel dressing mechanism

本案與CNC磨床有關,更詳而言之,尤指一種具有砂輪修整機構之磨床。 This case relates to a CNC grinding machine, and more specifically, a grinding machine having a grinding wheel dressing mechanism.

在機械加工領域中,使用磨床對各種工件研磨其多餘量,以獲得所需之形狀、尺寸及精密加工面,切削刀具的磨銳及機械零件的精確製造皆有賴於研磨工作。高速輪磨是研磨工作中最普遍的磨削加工動作,主要是使用砂輪進行。砂輪使用一段時間後應進行修整,以恢復工作面的磨削性能和正確的幾何形狀,以維持研磨工作之效率和品質。在以往,砂輪修整需將砂輪從磨床上卸下來再轉移至砂輪修整機進行修整,然而砂輪之拆卸、組裝、定位、校正所需之時間,增加研磨加工之工時和人力成本。 In the field of machining, the grinding machine is used to grind the excess amount of various workpieces to obtain the desired shape, size and precision machined surface. The sharpening of the cutting tool and the precise manufacture of the mechanical parts depend on the grinding work. High-speed wheel grinding is the most common grinding operation in grinding work, mainly using grinding wheels. The grinding wheel should be trimmed after a period of use to restore the grinding performance and the correct geometry of the working surface to maintain the efficiency and quality of the grinding work. In the past, the dressing of the grinding wheel required the grinding wheel to be removed from the grinding machine and then transferred to the grinding wheel dressing machine for dressing. However, the time required for the disassembly, assembly, positioning and calibration of the grinding wheel increased the man-hour and labor cost of the grinding process.

本發明所要解決的問題是先前技術中需將砂輪從磨床機構上卸下後再轉移至砂輪修整機進行修整的問題。 The problem to be solved by the present invention is that in the prior art, the grinding wheel needs to be removed from the grinding machine mechanism and then transferred to the grinding wheel dressing machine for trimming.

本發明解決上述問題的主要技術手段,是在磨床機構中配置砂輪修整機構。 The main technical means for solving the above problems of the present invention is to arrange a grinding wheel dressing mechanism in the grinding machine mechanism.

一種具砂輪修整機構之磨床,包含一床台,該床台之水平左右方向定義為X軸,該床台之水平前後方向定義為Z軸,該床台之垂直上下方向定義為Y軸,另平行為Z軸之一輔助軸定義為W軸;一Z軸線性移動裝置,設 於該床台上;該Z軸線性移動裝置驅動一Z軸鞍座平行於該Z軸往復移動;一X軸線性移動裝置,設於該Z軸鞍座上,該X軸線性移動裝置驅動一工作台平行於該X軸往復移動;該工作台上設一夾具夾持一工件;一垂直座,設於該床台,該垂直座設一Y軸線性移動裝置,該Y軸線性移動裝置驅動一Y軸鞍座平行於該Y軸往復移動;一砂輪機,設於該Y軸鞍座,該砂輪機驅動至少一砂輪運轉,該砂輪的旋轉軸是平行於上述之Z軸;一T軸線性移動裝置,設於該Y軸鞍座,驅動一T軸鞍座平行於一T軸往復移動;一W軸線性移動裝置,設於該T軸鞍座上,控制一溜板平行於該W軸往復移動;一修整機構,設於該溜板;該修整機構包括一受馬達驅動旋轉之修整器,該修整器的旋轉軸平行於該砂輪之旋轉軸。 A grinding machine with a grinding wheel trimming mechanism, comprising a bed, the horizontal left and right direction of the bed is defined as an X axis, the horizontal front and rear direction of the bed is defined as a Z axis, and the vertical up and down direction of the bed is defined as a Y axis, and Parallel to one of the Z axes, the auxiliary axis is defined as the W axis; a Z-axis linear mobile device, The Z-axis moving device drives a Z-axis saddle to reciprocate parallel to the Z-axis; an X-axis moving device is disposed on the Z-axis saddle, and the X-axis moving device drives a The table reciprocates parallel to the X axis; the table is provided with a clamp for holding a workpiece; a vertical seat is disposed on the bed, the vertical seat is provided with a Y-axis moving device, and the Y-axis mobile device is driven a Y-axis saddle reciprocates parallel to the Y-axis; a grinder is disposed on the Y-axis saddle, the grinder drives at least one grinding wheel, the rotating shaft of the grinding wheel is parallel to the Z-axis; a T-axis The movable device is disposed on the Y-axis saddle and drives a T-axis saddle to reciprocate parallel to a T-axis; a W-axis moving device is disposed on the T-axis saddle to control a slide parallel to the W-axis Reciprocating; a trimming mechanism is disposed on the slide; the trimming mechanism includes a trimmer driven by the motor, and the rotating shaft of the trimmer is parallel to the rotating shaft of the grinding wheel.

更進一步的,上述之T軸是與該Y軸相交一特定角度之軸。 Further, the T-axis described above is an axis that intersects the Y-axis by a specific angle.

更進一步的,所述具砂輪修整機構之磨床更包含一弧線運動機構,設於該床台,具有一可往復旋轉運動之轉盤,該轉盤之旋轉軸心平行於該床台之Y軸,該轉盤設一延伸部,該延伸部的自由端可滑動的連接於一設於該床台之弧形軌道,該垂直座設於該延伸部的自由端。該砂輪的中心點與該轉盤的中心點沿著一垂直線而相對。 Further, the grinding machine with the grinding wheel dressing mechanism further comprises an arc moving mechanism, and the bed is arranged on the bed, and has a reciprocating rotating rotating disc, the rotating shaft of the rotating disc is parallel to the Y axis of the bed, The turntable is provided with an extension, and the free end of the extension is slidably coupled to an arcuate track disposed on the bed, the vertical seat being disposed at a free end of the extension. The center point of the grinding wheel is opposite to the center point of the turntable along a vertical line.

本發明之功效:在磨床機構中配置砂輪修整機構,對磨床機構中的砂輪進行修整。可免除因修整而重覆卸下、組裝、校正、定位砂輪的時間。 The effect of the invention: the grinding wheel dressing mechanism is arranged in the grinding machine mechanism, and the grinding wheel in the grinding machine mechanism is trimmed. It eliminates the need to repeatedly remove, assemble, calibrate, and position the grinding wheel due to trimming.

該修整機構之修整器可平行於該砂輪的法線方向及前後方向相對於該砂輪進退移動,從而對砂輪進行各種尺寸、角度、幾何形狀之修整。 The dresser of the dressing mechanism can move forward and backward relative to the grinding wheel in parallel with the normal direction and the front-rear direction of the grinding wheel, thereby trimming the grinding wheel in various sizes, angles and geometric shapes.

在磨床機構中配置砂輪修整機構,可於砂輪工作中(進行工件削磨 時)同時進行砂輪修整。亦可於砂輪休工時進行砂輪修整。 A grinding wheel dressing mechanism is arranged in the grinding machine mechanism to work on the grinding wheel (for workpiece grinding) At the same time, the wheel is trimmed at the same time. Grinding wheel grinding can also be carried out when the wheel is closed.

該弧線運動機構可改變該砂輪之旋轉軸心使其偏移Z軸預定角度,該砂輪之工作角度改變,得以對工件進行特定角度的磨削。 The arc motion mechanism can change the rotation axis of the grinding wheel to be offset from the Z-axis by a predetermined angle, and the working angle of the grinding wheel is changed to perform grinding of the workpiece at a specific angle.

修整機構與砂輪機共構於該弧線運動機構上,該修整機構之修整器之旋轉軸心隨著該砂輪之旋轉軸心同步偏移Z軸預定角度,使砂輪及修整器恆於法線位置相對。 The dressing mechanism and the grinder are co-constructed on the arc moving mechanism, and the rotating shaft center of the dressing device of the dressing mechanism is synchronously offset with the Z axis by a predetermined angle with the rotating shaft of the grinding wheel, so that the grinding wheel and the dresser are kept at the normal position. relatively.

10‧‧‧床台 10‧‧‧ Beds

12‧‧‧Z軸線性移動裝置 12‧‧‧Z-axis mobile device

14‧‧‧Z軸鞍座 14‧‧‧Z-axis saddle

16‧‧‧X軸線性移動裝置 16‧‧‧X-axis mobile device

18‧‧‧工作台 18‧‧‧Workbench

22‧‧‧A軸旋轉裝置 22‧‧‧A-axis rotating device

30‧‧‧弧線運動機構 30‧‧‧Arc motion mechanism

31‧‧‧馬達 31‧‧‧Motor

32‧‧‧蝸桿 32‧‧‧ worm

33‧‧‧蝸輪 33‧‧‧ worm gear

34‧‧‧轉盤 34‧‧‧ Turntable

35‧‧‧延伸部 35‧‧‧Extension

36‧‧‧自由端 36‧‧‧Free end

37‧‧‧弧形軌道 37‧‧‧ curved track

40‧‧‧垂直座 40‧‧‧Vertical seat

42‧‧‧Y軸線性移動裝置 42‧‧‧Y-axis mobile device

44‧‧‧Y軸鞍座 44‧‧‧Y-axis saddle

441‧‧‧斜面 441‧‧‧Bevel

46‧‧‧砂輪機 46‧‧‧ grinder

47‧‧‧馬達 47‧‧‧Motor

48‧‧‧砂輪 48‧‧‧ grinding wheel

50‧‧‧T軸線性移動裝置 50‧‧‧T-axis mobile device

52‧‧‧T軸鞍座 52‧‧‧T-axis saddle

60‧‧‧修整機構 60‧‧‧Finishing agency

62‧‧‧修整馬達 62‧‧‧Finishing motor

63‧‧‧修整器 63‧‧‧Finisher

64‧‧‧溜板 64‧‧‧ slides

66‧‧‧W軸線性移動裝置 66‧‧‧W linear mobile device

第一圖為本案之立體外觀圖。 The first picture is a three-dimensional appearance of the case.

第二圖為本案之前視圖。 The second picture is the front view of the case.

第三圖為本案之俯視圖。 The third picture is a top view of the case.

第四圖為本案之右側視圖。 The fourth picture is the right side view of the case.

第五圖為本案之弧線運動機構之俯視示意圖。 The fifth figure is a top view of the arc motion mechanism of the present case.

第六圖為本案垂直座、Y軸線性移動裝置、T軸線性移動裝置、W軸線性移動裝置、砂輪機、修整機構於弧線運動機構上改變工作角度之俯視示意圖。 The sixth figure is a top view of the vertical seat, the Y-axis linear moving device, the T-axis linear moving device, the W-axis moving device, the grinder, and the trimming mechanism changing the working angle on the arc moving mechanism.

為便於說明本案於上述發明內容一欄中所表示的中心思想,茲以具體實施例表達。實施例中各種不同物件係按適於說明之比例、尺寸、變形量或位移量而描繪,而非按實際元件的比例予以繪製,合先敘明。且以下的說明中,類似的元件是以相同的編號來表示。 For the convenience of the description, the central idea expressed in the column of the above summary of the present invention is expressed by a specific embodiment. Various items in the embodiments are depicted in terms of ratios, dimensions, amounts of deformation, or displacements that are suitable for illustration, and are not drawn to the proportions of actual elements, as set forth above. In the following description, like elements are denoted by the same reference numerals.

如第一圖至第四圖,本案磨床機構包括一床台10,該床台10按照砂輪主軸方向定義Z軸為水平前後軸,X軸為水平左右軸,Y軸為垂直軸,T 軸為與Y軸相交一特定角度者之傾斜軸,W軸為平行於Z軸之輔助軸。以上各軸均為線性軸。 As shown in the first to fourth figures, the grinding machine mechanism of the present invention comprises a bed 10 which defines the Z axis as a horizontal front and rear axis according to the direction of the main axis of the grinding wheel, the X axis is a horizontal left and right axis, and the Y axis is a vertical axis, T The axis is an oblique axis that intersects the Y axis by a specific angle, and the W axis is an auxiliary axis that is parallel to the Z axis. Each of the above axes is a linear axis.

該床台10上設有一Z軸線性移動裝置12,該Z軸線性移動裝置12驅動一Z軸鞍座14平行於上述之Z軸往復移動。該Z軸鞍座14上設一X軸線性移動裝置16,該X軸線性移動裝置16驅動一工作台18平行於上述之X軸往復移動。該工作台18上設一夾具夾持一工件。該夾具是已知裝置,其可夾制工件保持於一固定位置,或者受控於一A軸旋轉裝置22之控制帶動工件於相對於X軸旋轉。上述Z軸線性移動裝置12可透過各種已知的線性驅動技術實現,例如伺服馬達驅動滾珠螺桿旋轉,使滾珠螺桿上的動子沿著滾珠螺桿移動,該動子驅動工作台18或Z軸鞍座14在滑軌上按著預定方向運動。 The bed 10 is provided with a Z-axis moving device 12 that drives a Z-axis saddle 14 to reciprocate parallel to the Z-axis described above. The Z-axis saddle 14 is provided with an X-axis linear movement device 16 that drives a table 18 to reciprocate parallel to the X-axis described above. The table 18 is provided with a clamp for holding a workpiece. The clamp is a known device that holds the workpiece in a fixed position or that is controlled by an A-axis rotation device 22 to rotate the workpiece relative to the X-axis. The Z-axis linear motion device 12 can be realized by various known linear driving technologies, for example, the servo motor drives the ball screw to rotate, and the mover on the ball screw moves along the ball screw, and the mover drives the table 18 or the Z-axis saddle. The seat 14 moves in a predetermined direction on the slide rail.

如第五、六圖,該床台10上設有一弧線運動機構30,該弧線運動機構30包括一馬達31、一受馬達31控制旋轉的蝸桿32、一與該蝸桿32嚙合之蝸輪33、以及與該蝸輪33同軸連接且受該蝸輪33驅動之轉盤34,該轉盤34之旋轉軸心平行於該床台10之Y軸,該轉盤34的局部周面設一延伸部35,該延伸部35的自由端36可滑動的連接於一弧形軌道37,該弧形軌道37設於該床台10上。該馬達31起動,該蝸桿32及該蝸輪33驅動該轉盤34旋轉預定角度,使其自由端36沿著弧形軌道37移動。 As shown in the fifth and sixth figures, the bed 10 is provided with an arc motion mechanism 30. The arc motion mechanism 30 includes a motor 31, a worm 32 controlled by the motor 31, a worm wheel 33 meshing with the worm 32, and a turntable 34 coaxially connected to the worm wheel 33 and driven by the worm wheel 33. The rotation axis of the turntable 34 is parallel to the Y axis of the bed 10. The partial peripheral surface of the turntable 34 is provided with an extension 35. The extension 35 The free end 36 is slidably coupled to an arcuate track 37 that is disposed on the bed 10. The motor 31 is activated, and the worm 32 and the worm wheel 33 drive the turntable 34 to rotate by a predetermined angle to move the free end 36 along the curved track 37.

該自由端36上固定一垂直座40,該垂直座40上設一Y軸線性移動裝置42,該Y軸線性移動裝置42驅動一Y軸鞍座44平行於Y軸往復移動。該Y軸鞍座44上設一砂輪機46,該砂輪機46的馬達47驅動二砂輪48運轉,該砂輪48的旋轉軸平行於上述之Z軸。其中,執行工件磨削工作之砂輪48的所在位置可沿著一垂直線而對應至該弧線運動機構30的轉盤34的中心。 A vertical seat 40 is fixed to the free end 36. The vertical seat 40 is provided with a Y-axis linear movement device 42 for driving a Y-axis saddle 44 to reciprocate parallel to the Y-axis. The Y-axis saddle 44 is provided with a grinder 46. The motor 47 of the grinder 46 drives the two-wheel 48 to operate. The axis of rotation of the grinding wheel 48 is parallel to the Z-axis described above. Wherein, the position of the grinding wheel 48 performing the workpiece grinding operation may correspond to the center of the turntable 34 of the arc moving mechanism 30 along a vertical line.

該Y軸鞍座44的上部具有一T軸線性移動裝置50,該T軸線性移動裝置50驅動一T軸鞍座52平行於上述之T軸往復移動。所述之T軸是按著設於該Y軸鞍座44的一斜面441而定義的,該斜面441的軸線與該Y軸成一特定角度之相交。該T軸鞍座52上安裝一W軸線性移動裝置66,該W軸線性移動裝置66控制一溜板64平行於上述W軸往復移動。該溜板64上安裝一修整機構60。該修整機構60包括一修整馬達62,該修整馬達62驅動一修整器63運轉。在本案實施例中該修整器63為修整輪。 The upper portion of the Y-axis saddle 44 has a T-axis linear movement device 50 that drives a T-axis saddle 52 to reciprocate parallel to the T-axis described above. The T-axis is defined by a bevel 441 disposed on the Y-axis saddle 44, the axis of the bevel 441 intersecting the Y-axis at a specific angle. A W-axis moving device 66 is mounted on the T-axis saddle 52. The W-axis moving device 66 controls a slide 64 to reciprocate parallel to the W-axis. A trimming mechanism 60 is mounted on the slide 64. The dressing mechanism 60 includes a trim motor 62 that drives a trimmer 63 to operate. In the embodiment of the present invention, the dresser 63 is a dressing wheel.

上述Y軸線性移動裝置42、T軸線性移動裝置50、W軸線性移動裝置66可透過各種已知的線性驅動技術實現,例如伺服馬達驅動滾珠螺桿旋轉,使滾珠螺桿上的動力沿著滾珠螺桿移動,該動力驅動該Y軸鞍座44、或T軸鞍座52、或溜板64在滑軌上按著預定方向運動。 The Y-axis linear moving device 42, the T-axis linear moving device 50, and the W-axis linear moving device 66 can be realized by various known linear driving technologies, for example, the servo motor drives the ball screw to rotate, and the power on the ball screw is along the ball screw. Moving, the power drives the Y-axis saddle 44, or the T-axis saddle 52, or the slide 64 to move in a predetermined direction on the slide rail.

該工作台18透過該Z軸線性移動裝置12及X軸線性移動裝置16之控制而可載著工件位移至該砂輪48的下方,該砂輪48可透過該Y軸線性移動裝置42而降移至與該工件接觸之工作位置,對該工件進行磨削。 The table 18 is controlled by the Z-axis moving device 12 and the X-axis moving device 16 to carry the workpiece to the underside of the grinding wheel 48. The grinding wheel 48 can be lowered through the Y-axis moving device 42 to The work is contacted with the workpiece to grind the workpiece.

當砂輪48需要修整時,該T軸線性移動裝置50控制該修整機構60以及W軸線性移動裝置66以相交於該Y軸一特定角度之傾斜路徑(T軸)上下移動,使該修整機構60之修整器63平行於該砂輪48的法線方向相對於該砂輪48進退移動。該W軸線性移動裝置66控制該修整機構60以平行於Z軸的之前後路徑移動,控制修整器63相對於該砂輪48之前後方向進退移動。透過該修整器63相對於該砂輪48之法線方向和前後方向之進退移動,對砂輪進行各種尺寸、角度、幾何形狀之修整。 When the grinding wheel 48 needs to be trimmed, the T-axis linear motion device 50 controls the trimming mechanism 60 and the W-axis linear motion device 66 to move up and down with an inclined path (T-axis) intersecting the Y-axis at a specific angle, so that the trimming mechanism 60 The trimmer 63 moves forward and backward relative to the grinding wheel 48 parallel to the normal direction of the grinding wheel 48. The W-axis linear motion device 66 controls the trimming mechanism 60 to move in a forward and backward path parallel to the Z-axis, and controls the trimmer 63 to move forward and backward relative to the grinding wheel 48 in the forward and backward directions. Through the advancement and retreat movement of the dresser 63 with respect to the normal direction and the front-rear direction of the grinding wheel 48, the grinding wheel is trimmed in various sizes, angles, and geometric shapes.

砂輪48可在工作時(對工件進行磨削工作時)進行修整,也可在休 工時進行修整。本發明之砂輪機46有兩個砂輪48,其中一砂輪48工作時,另一砂輪休工進行修整。 The grinding wheel 48 can be trimmed during operation (when the workpiece is being ground), or Work time is trimmed. The grinder 46 of the present invention has two grinding wheels 48, one of which is operated while the other is in progress.

如第五、六圖,上述弧線運動機構30可改變該砂輪48之旋轉軸心使其偏移Z軸預定角度。該弧線運動機構之馬達31起動,該蝸桿32及該蝸輪33驅動該轉盤34旋轉預定角度,使其自由端36沿著弧形軌道37移動。設於該轉盤34之自由端36的垂直座40即隨著該自由端36移位。基於工作之砂輪48的所在位置是沿著一垂直線而對應至該弧線運動機構30的轉盤34的中心,因此該垂直座40位移時即帶動該砂輪機46以該工作之砂輪48為中心點而擺轉角度,改變該砂輪48之旋轉軸心使其偏移Z軸預定角度,該砂輪48之工作角度改變,得以對工件進行特定角度的磨削。 As shown in the fifth and sixth figures, the above-described arc motion mechanism 30 can change the rotation axis of the grinding wheel 48 to be offset by a predetermined angle of the Z axis. The motor 31 of the arc moving mechanism is activated, and the worm 32 and the worm wheel 33 drive the turntable 34 to rotate by a predetermined angle to move the free end 36 along the curved track 37. The vertical seat 40 provided at the free end 36 of the turntable 34 is displaced with the free end 36. The position of the grinding wheel 48 based on the work is the center of the turntable 34 corresponding to the arc moving mechanism 30 along a vertical line. Therefore, when the vertical seat 40 is displaced, the grinder 46 is driven to center on the working grinding wheel 48. While the swing angle is changed, the rotation axis of the grinding wheel 48 is changed to be offset from the Z-axis by a predetermined angle, and the working angle of the grinding wheel 48 is changed to perform grinding of the workpiece at a specific angle.

10‧‧‧床台 10‧‧‧ Beds

12‧‧‧Z軸線性移動裝置 12‧‧‧Z-axis mobile device

14‧‧‧Z軸鞍座 14‧‧‧Z-axis saddle

16‧‧‧X軸線性移動裝置 16‧‧‧X-axis mobile device

18‧‧‧工作台 18‧‧‧Workbench

22‧‧‧A軸旋轉裝置 22‧‧‧A-axis rotating device

30‧‧‧弧線運動機構 30‧‧‧Arc motion mechanism

31‧‧‧馬達 31‧‧‧Motor

37‧‧‧弧形軌道 37‧‧‧ curved track

40‧‧‧垂直座 40‧‧‧Vertical seat

42‧‧‧Y軸線性移動裝置 42‧‧‧Y-axis mobile device

44‧‧‧Y軸鞍座 44‧‧‧Y-axis saddle

441‧‧‧斜面 441‧‧‧Bevel

46‧‧‧砂輪機 46‧‧‧ grinder

47‧‧‧馬達 47‧‧‧Motor

48‧‧‧砂輪 48‧‧‧ grinding wheel

50‧‧‧T軸線性移動裝置 50‧‧‧T-axis mobile device

52‧‧‧T軸鞍座 52‧‧‧T-axis saddle

60‧‧‧修整機構 60‧‧‧Finishing agency

62‧‧‧修整馬達 62‧‧‧Finishing motor

63‧‧‧修整器 63‧‧‧Finisher

64‧‧‧溜板 64‧‧‧ slides

66‧‧‧W軸線性移動裝置 66‧‧‧W linear mobile device

Claims (4)

一種具砂輪修整機構之磨床,包含一床台,該床台之水平左右方向定義為X軸,該床台之水平前後方向定義為Z軸,該床台之垂直上下方向定義為Y軸,另平行為Z軸之一輔助軸定義為W軸;其特徵在於:一Z軸線性移動裝置,設於該床台上;該Z軸線性移動裝置驅動一Z軸鞍座14平行於該Z軸往復移動;一X軸線性移動裝置,設於該Z軸鞍座上,該X軸線性移動裝置驅動一工作台平行於該X軸往復移動;該工作台上設一夾具夾持一工件;一垂直座,設於該床台,該垂直座設一Y軸線性移動裝置,該Y軸線性移動裝置驅動一Y軸鞍座平行於該Y軸往復移動;一砂輪機,設於該Y軸鞍座,該砂輪機驅動至少一砂輪運轉,該砂輪48的旋轉軸是平行於上述之Z軸;一T軸線性移動裝置,設於該Y軸鞍座,驅動一T軸鞍座平行於一T軸往復移動;所述之T軸是與該Y軸相交一特定角度之軸;一W軸線性移動裝置,設於該T軸鞍座上,控制一溜板平行於該W軸往復移動;一修整機構,設於該溜板;該修整機構包括一受馬達驅動旋轉之修整器,該修整器的旋轉軸平行於該砂輪之旋轉軸;通過該Y軸線性移動裝置及該T軸線性移動裝置使該修整機構之修整器平行於該砂輪的法線方向相對於該砂輪進退移動;通過該W軸線性移動裝置控制該修整機構之修整器相對於該砂輪之前後方向進退移動;通過該修整器相對於該砂輪之法線方向和前後方向之進退移動,對砂輪進行修整。 A grinding machine with a grinding wheel trimming mechanism, comprising a bed, the horizontal left and right direction of the bed is defined as an X axis, the horizontal front and rear direction of the bed is defined as a Z axis, and the vertical up and down direction of the bed is defined as a Y axis, and An auxiliary axis defined as one of the Z axes is defined as a W axis; characterized in that: a Z-axis moving device is disposed on the bed; the Z-axis moving device drives a Z-axis saddle 14 to reciprocate parallel to the Z-axis Moving; an X-axis moving device is disposed on the Z-axis saddle, the X-axis moving device drives a table to reciprocate parallel to the X-axis; the table is provided with a clamp for holding a workpiece; a seat, disposed on the bed, the vertical seat is provided with a Y-axis moving device, the Y-axis moving device drives a Y-axis saddle to reciprocate parallel to the Y-axis; a grinder is disposed on the Y-axis saddle The grinder drives at least one grinding wheel, the rotating shaft of the grinding wheel 48 is parallel to the Z axis; a T-axis moving device is disposed on the Y-axis saddle, driving a T-axis saddle parallel to a T-axis Reciprocating movement; the T axis is an axis intersecting the Y axis by a specific angle; a linear moving device, disposed on the T-axis saddle, controls a slide plate to reciprocate parallel to the W-axis; a trimming mechanism is disposed on the slide plate; the dressing mechanism includes a motor-driven rotary dresser, the dresser a rotation axis parallel to the rotation axis of the grinding wheel; the Y-axis linear movement device and the T-axis linear movement device move the dresser of the dressing mechanism parallel to the normal direction of the grinding wheel relative to the grinding wheel; The linear movement device controls the dresser of the dressing mechanism to move forward and backward with respect to the grinding wheel in front and rear directions; the grinding wheel is trimmed by the advancement and backward movement of the dresser with respect to the normal direction and the front and rear direction of the grinding wheel. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述具砂輪修整機構之磨床,其中,該Y軸鞍座設一斜面,該T軸線性移動裝置驅動該T軸鞍座平行於該斜面往復移動,該斜面與上述之T軸平行。 The grinding machine with a grinding wheel dressing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the Y-axis saddle is provided with a slope, and the T-axis moving device drives the T-axis saddle to reciprocate parallel to the inclined surface, the inclined surface and the above The T axis is parallel. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述具砂輪修整機構之磨床,其中,該砂輪機驅動二砂輪運轉。 A grinding machine with a grinding wheel dressing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the grinder drives the two grinding wheels to operate. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述具砂輪修整機構之磨床,其更包含一弧線運動機構,設於該床台,具有一可往復旋轉運動之轉盤,該轉盤之旋轉軸心平行於該床台之Y軸,該轉盤設一延伸部,該延伸部的自由端可滑動的連接於一設於該床台之弧形軌道,該垂直座設於該延伸部的自由端;該砂輪的中心點與該轉盤的中心點沿著一垂直線而相對。 The grinding machine with a grinding wheel dressing mechanism according to claim 1, further comprising an arc moving mechanism, wherein the bed has a turntable that can rotate reciprocally, and the rotating shaft of the turntable is parallel to the bed The Y-axis, the turntable is provided with an extension, the free end of the extension is slidably connected to an arc-shaped track disposed on the bed, the vertical seat is disposed at the free end of the extension; the center of the wheel Opposite the center point of the turntable along a vertical line.
TW103123863A 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Grinder with wheel dressing mechanism TWI599441B (en)

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