TWI551283B - Multifunctional care bed - Google Patents

Multifunctional care bed Download PDF

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TWI551283B
TWI551283B TW103116877A TW103116877A TWI551283B TW I551283 B TWI551283 B TW I551283B TW 103116877 A TW103116877 A TW 103116877A TW 103116877 A TW103116877 A TW 103116877A TW I551283 B TWI551283 B TW I551283B
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Taiwan
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support
auxiliary
rod
main
vertical lifting
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TW103116877A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201542186A (en
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Wen-Huang Chen
Jie Chen
Yu Chen
Mei-Ling Liu
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Wen-Huang Chen
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多功能護理床 Multifunctional nursing bed

本發明係關於一種多功能護理床,特別是指一種自然透氣,且能舒緩肌肉骨骼關節的壓力,讓人體重量獲得適當支橕,使床對人體的反作用力達到最小,也可順應人體曲線,達到最舒適的效果多功能護理床。 The invention relates to a multifunctional nursing bed, in particular to a natural ventilation, which can relieve the pressure of the musculoskeletal joints, obtain appropriate support for the body weight, minimize the reaction force of the bed to the human body, and conform to the human body curve. A multi-functional care bed for maximum comfort.

台灣自1993年起即達世界衛生組織所定義的高齡化社會,隨著人口持續老化及社會變遷,政府近年投入於老人福利措施之經費呈現逐年成長,各項服務成果的急遽成長亦反應失能老人服務的迫切需求。 Since 1993, Taiwan has reached the aging society defined by the World Health Organization. With the continuous aging of the population and social changes, the government's investment in welfare measures for the elderly has been growing year by year. The rapid growth of various service achievements has also reflected disability. The urgent need for services for the elderly.

病情嚴重的使用者或年邁體衰的失能老人,經常連獨自從床上起身的動作都難以施力,必需仰賴其他輔助器具才能起床;如果是必需長期躺床的重症使用者或失能老人,其一切生活起居,更需要家屬或看護人員在床邊協助,才能進行翻身復健、起身用餐及便溺等動作。因此他們所躺臥的多功能護理床,理應具有輔助起身或翻身的功能,才能使使用者或失能老人獨自打理生活時,更臻方便、省力,或讓家屬、看護人員更容易打理重症使用者的長期臥床生活。 Severely ill users or disabled elderly people who are old and dysfunctional often have difficulty in getting up from the bed alone. They must rely on other assistive devices to get up. If they are serious users or disabled elderly people who have to stay in bed for a long time, All of them need to be assisted by family members or caregivers at the bedside to perform activities such as turning over and recovering, getting up and dining, and making notes. Therefore, the multi-functional nursing bed they are lying on should have the function of assisting to get up or turn over, so that the user or the disabled old person can take care of life alone, it is more convenient, labor-saving, or make it easier for family members and caregivers to take care of themselves. Long-term bedridden life for critically ill users.

然而習知可以輔助使用者或失能老人起身的設 備,僅有醫院所採用的特殊多功能護理床,其透過床下的轉動螺桿,使螺桿推升床板前半部上升,藉此使使用者或失能老人可以坐起。這種醫院常用的多功能護理床,並不通合居家的使用者或失能老人使用,尤其是對於獨自打理生活的使用者或失能老人不符合使用。 However, it is customary to assist the user or the disabled person to get up. In addition, only the special multifunctional nursing bed used in the hospital passes through the rotating screw under the bed, so that the screw pushes up the front half of the bed, so that the user or the disabled old person can sit up. This type of multi-purpose nursing bed commonly used in hospitals is not suitable for home users or disabled elderly people, especially for users who care for their own lives or disabled elderly people.

另,在失能老人照顧護理及使用者的照顧上, 最困擾家屬及護理人員的就是洗澡及清潔問題,並且也最難以執行,尤其是失能老人的行動不便,而癌末的使用者多半有呼吸喘促、患部疼痛、骨質疏鬆等症狀,又有點滴及插管等醫療設施,使得為使用者清潔身體或洗澡,成為一項最為艱難的工作之一。 In addition, in the care of the disabled elderly and the care of the users, The most troublesome family and nursing staff is the problem of bathing and cleaning, and it is also the most difficult to implement. Especially the disabled elderly are inconvenient to move, and the users at the end of the cancer mostly have symptoms such as breathing, pain in the affected part, osteoporosis, etc. Medical facilities such as drip and intubation make it one of the most difficult tasks for the user to clean the body or take a shower.

由於使用者或失能老人若能適當的清潔身體, 就病理治療而言,好處是不勝枚舉的,例如:病人透過淋浴刺激能增加血液循環,並增加肌肉的張力,藉由洗澡時更換姿勢以促進呼吸,同時清潔後也可以減少被感染的機會,維持皮膚正常功能及排泄的能力,身體感受更為舒暢,減輕痛苦,同時亦可滿足自尊心,增進與他人間的互動,達到心理層面的關懷,因此是十分重要的工作。 If the user or the disabled elderly can properly clean the body, In terms of pathological treatment, the benefits are numerous. For example, the patient's stimulation through the shower can increase blood circulation and increase muscle tension. By changing posture during bathing to promote breathing, and cleaning can also reduce the chance of infection. To maintain the normal function of the skin and excretion, the body feels more comfortable, relieves pain, and at the same time satisfies self-esteem, enhances interaction with others, and achieves psychological care. Therefore, it is a very important task.

因此,如何創作出一種居家用的起身輔助床 墊,以輔助使用者或失能老人獨自起身、翻身、又可在原有的多功能護理床上進行沐浴的工作,亦可輔助家屬或看護人 員更容易打理重症使用者的床上活動,將是本發明加以改良之處。 Therefore, how to create a home-made auxiliary bed Pads to assist the user or the disabled old man to get up, turn over, take a bath in the original multi-functional care bed, or assist the family or caretaker It is easier for the staff to manage the bed activities of the critically ill users, which will be improved by the present invention.

本發明之目的即在於提供一種多功能護理床,其具有輔助起身或翻身的功能,以期達到輔助使用者或老人獨自打理生活時,更臻方便、省力。 The object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional nursing bed which has the function of assisting to get up or turn over, in order to achieve convenience and labor saving when assisting the user or the elderly to take care of the life alone.

本發明之次一目的係在於提供一種多功能護理床,使支撐桿可將一多連桿式獨立懸架推升或放平,進而達到可輔助使用者或老人獨自起身,亦可輔助家屬或看護人員容易打理老人的床上活動之目的。 A second object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional nursing bed, which enables the support rod to push up or level a multi-link independent suspension, thereby assisting the user or the elderly to get up alone, and can also assist the family or the caregiver. It is easy for people to take care of the activities of the elderly in bed.

本發明之另一目的係在於提供一種多功能護理床,由該多連桿式獨立懸架及一支撐表面所組成的浴床,能由該多連桿式獨立懸架輕易的鋪設及固定該支撐表面,使使用者或失能老人可在原有的該支撐表面上進行沐浴的工作,以省卻許多原本吃力且有危險的護理工作。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional nursing bed, which is composed of the multi-link independent suspension and a supporting surface, which can be easily laid and fixed by the multi-link independent suspension. To enable the user or the disabled elderly to perform bathing on the original support surface, so as to save a lot of laborious and dangerous care work.

可達成上述創作目的之多功能護理床,包括有:一主支座(support),其左右二側平行設置有一前垂直升降機構(vertical translation mechanism)和一後垂直升降機構之一升降結構,及設置於該升降結構上之一副支座;一前支撐桿及一後支撐桿,其底端分別軸接在該副支座的前、後二端之間運動,各具有一主桿、一副桿,以及一中桿; The multifunctional nursing bed capable of achieving the above-mentioned creation purpose comprises: a main support, which is provided with a front vertical lifting mechanism and a rear vertical lifting mechanism in parallel on the left and right sides, and a front support member disposed on the lifting structure; a front support rod and a rear support rod, the bottom ends of which are respectively pivotally connected between the front and rear ends of the auxiliary support, each having a main pole and a a secondary pole, and a middle pole;

1‧‧‧主支座 1‧‧‧ main support

11‧‧‧底部構件 11‧‧‧ bottom member

12‧‧‧伸縮支架 12‧‧‧ Telescopic bracket

13‧‧‧迴轉輪 13‧‧‧Rotary wheel

14‧‧‧驅動馬達 14‧‧‧Drive motor

15‧‧‧轉向馬達 15‧‧‧Steering motor

16‧‧‧前垂直升降機構 16‧‧‧Front vertical lifting mechanism

17‧‧‧後垂直升降機構 17‧‧‧ Rear vertical lifting mechanism

18‧‧‧副支座 18‧‧‧ Deputy Support

21‧‧‧前支撐桿 21‧‧‧Front support rod

22‧‧‧後支撐桿 22‧‧‧ Rear support rod

23‧‧‧主桿 23‧‧‧ main pole

24‧‧‧副桿 24‧‧‧Auxiliary

25‧‧‧中桿 25‧‧‧中杆

3‧‧‧多連桿式獨立懸架 3‧‧‧Multi-link independent suspension

31‧‧‧前端 31‧‧‧ front end

32‧‧‧後端 32‧‧‧ Backend

33‧‧‧仰轉支點 33‧‧‧ Turning to the pivot

4‧‧‧角度調整裝置 4‧‧‧ Angle adjustment device

41‧‧‧螺桿 41‧‧‧ screw

42‧‧‧馬達組 42‧‧‧Motor set

43‧‧‧螺合件 43‧‧‧ screw fittings

5‧‧‧支撐表面 5‧‧‧Support surface

51‧‧‧座部 51‧‧‧s

52‧‧‧背部 52‧‧‧ Back

53‧‧‧腿部 53‧‧‧ legs

54‧‧‧扁平長孔 54‧‧‧flat long holes

6‧‧‧電腦馬桶座 6‧‧‧Computer Toilet Seat

7‧‧‧遮水帆布 7‧‧‧Waterproof canvas

71‧‧‧排水閥 71‧‧‧Drain valve

72‧‧‧蓮蓬頭 72‧‧‧ shower head

73‧‧‧烘乾機 73‧‧‧Dryer

8‧‧‧控制單元 8‧‧‧Control unit

圖1為本發明多功能護理床之第一實施例之恢復水平示意圖;圖2為該多功能護理床之第一實施例之前端上升狀態視圖;圖3為該多功能護理床之第一實施例之後端上升狀態視圖;圖4為該多功能護理床之第二實施例之前端上升狀態視圖;圖5為多功能護理床之第二實施例之恢復水平示意圖;圖6為該多功能護理床之第三實施例之前端上升狀態視圖;圖7為多功能護理床之第三實施例之恢復水平示意圖;圖8A與圖8B為該角度調整裝置之剖面示意視圖與分解示意圖;圖9為該多功能護理床之支撐表面之俯視圖;圖9A為該支撐表面之背部之剖面放大示意圖;圖9B為該支撐表面之座部之剖面放大示意圖; 圖9C為該支撐表面之腿部之剖面放大示意圖;圖9D為該支撐表面之座部藉由外力產生變形動作而讓扁平長孔分離之剖面放大示意圖;圖10為該多功能護理床提供使用者如廁之示意圖;圖11為該多功能護理床提供使用者洗澡之示意圖;圖12為該多功能護理床提供使用者乾燥之示意圖;以及圖13與圖14為該多功能護理床提供使用者翻身作動之示意圖。 1 is a schematic view showing the recovery level of the first embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a front elevation view of the first embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed; FIG. 3 is a first embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed. FIG. 4 is a front elevation view of the second embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed; FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the recovery level of the second embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed; FIG. FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram showing the recovery level of the third embodiment of the multifunctional nursing bed; FIG. 8A and FIG. 8B are schematic cross-sectional views and exploded views of the angle adjusting device; FIG. a top view of the support surface of the multifunctional nursing bed; FIG. 9A is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view of the back of the support surface; FIG. 9B is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view of the seat portion of the support surface; 9C is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view of the leg portion of the support surface; FIG. 9D is an enlarged schematic cross-sectional view showing the flat long hole separation by the external force generating deformation action of the seat surface of the support surface; FIG. 10 is used for the multifunctional nursing bed. Schematic diagram of the toilet; FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of the multifunctional nursing bed providing the user to take a bath; FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of the multifunctional nursing bed providing the user to dry; and FIG. 13 and FIG. 14 are provided for the multifunctional nursing bed. A schematic diagram of the person turning over and working.

請參閱圖1,本發明所提供之多功能護理床,主要包括有:一主支座1、一前支撐桿21及一後支撐桿22、二多連桿式獨立懸架3、一角度調整裝置4、一控制單元8以及一支撐表面5所構成。 Referring to FIG. 1 , the multifunctional nursing bed provided by the present invention mainly comprises: a main support 1, a front support rod 21 and a rear support rod 22, two multi-link independent suspensions 3, and an angle adjusting device. 4. A control unit 8 and a support surface 5 are formed.

該主支座1(support),其左右二側平行設置有一前垂直升降機構16(vertical translation mechanism)和一後垂直升降機構17之一升降結構,及設置於該升降結構上之一副支座18;該設置於該主支座1上之該升降結構及樞接於該升降結構遠離該主支座1之一端之該副支座18。 The main support 1 is provided with a front vertical lifting mechanism 16 and a rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 in parallel, and a sub-support provided on the lifting structure. 18; the lifting structure disposed on the main support 1 and the auxiliary support 18 pivotally connected to one end of the lifting structure away from the main support 1.

該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22,其底端分別軸接在該副支座18的前、後二端之間運動 The front support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 are respectively pivotally connected between the front and rear ends of the auxiliary support 18

該二多連桿式獨立懸架3(multi-link independent suspension)具有雙連桿的一前端31及一後端32,分別與一副桿24與一中桿25的頂端樞接,且該中桿25係設置於該前端31或該後端32與一主桿23之間,以在該前端31及該後端32各形成二仰轉支點33(pitch over fulcrum),該多連桿式獨立懸架3可相對該主支座1進行偏轉,使得其前、後二端的連結線相對於地面的角度產生變化;該角度調整裝置4連結於該前支撐桿21與該後支撐桿22並提供其動力;控制單元8為受裝置控制角度調整裝置4與升降結構之啟動與停止;該支撐表面5為一張透氣織物連結該二多連桿式獨立懸架3,其上具有相當寬度且規則或不規則排列的孔。 The two-link independent suspension 3 (multi-link independent a front end 31 having a double link and a rear end 32 respectively pivotally connected to a top end of a pair of rods 24 and a middle rod 25, and the middle rod 25 is disposed at the front end 31 or the rear end 32 and Between the main rods 23, a pitch over fulcrum 33 is formed at each of the front end 31 and the rear end 32. The multi-link independent suspension 3 can be deflected relative to the main support 1 so that the front The angle of the connecting line at the rear end is changed with respect to the ground; the angle adjusting device 4 is coupled to the front support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 and provides power thereof; the control unit 8 is controlled by the device to adjust the angle adjusting device 4 and The structure is activated and stopped; the support surface 5 is a ventilated fabric joined to the two multi-link independent suspension 3 having a relatively wide and regularly or irregularly arranged aperture.

為更詳盡說明本發明,請參閱圖2,該主支座1包括底部構件11(bottom member)及從該底部構件11上凸伸出之一伸縮支架12。該伸縮支架12之二末端平行延伸出該二迴轉輪13,該伸縮支架12能調整該二迴轉輪13與該主支座1之中心之間之距離為變化值,該距離從該主支座1之該二迴轉輪13之末端之一端到遠離該主支座1之該迴轉輪13之末端之一端逐漸變大,即可增加該主支座1的穩定度;如縮短該二迴轉輪13之間相對距離,則可提高多功能護理床支移動機能。且該二伸縮支架12之間的相對距離較大小可根據需要調節需求長度而設定。該升降結構包括平行設置之該前垂直升降機構16與該後垂直升降機構17、樞接該前垂 直升降機構16與該後垂直升降機構17遠離該主支座1之另一端之該副支座18。 In order to explain the present invention in more detail, referring to FIG. 2, the main support 1 includes a bottom member 11 and a telescopic support 12 projecting from the bottom member 11. The two ends of the telescopic support 12 extend in parallel to the two rotating wheels 13 , and the telescopic support 12 can adjust the distance between the two rotating wheels 13 and the center of the main support 1 as a change value from the main support One end of the end of the two slewing wheels 13 is gradually enlarged to one end of the end of the slewing wheel 13 remote from the main pedestal 1, so that the stability of the main pedestal 1 can be increased; for example, the two slewing wheels 13 are shortened. The relative distance between them can improve the mobile function of the multifunctional nursing bed. Moreover, the relative distance between the two telescopic brackets 12 is relatively small, and can be set according to the required length. The lifting structure includes the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 and the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 disposed in parallel, and pivoting the front hanging The straight lifting mechanism 16 and the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 are remote from the auxiliary bearing 18 at the other end of the main support 1.

該升降結構並連結於該角度調整裝置4,使該角度調整裝置4係為一驅動馬達14與一轉向馬達15,並由該驅動馬達14與該轉向馬達15提供其動力。為了讓多功能護理床在有限的空間裡移動時,多功能護理四端各設有一迴轉輪13,使其多功能護理床於轉向、迴轉動作時具有更穩固不搖晃的功效,可與迴轉輪13同步操控自由轉彎與限制直行,該迴轉輪13亦由驅動馬達14受控制單元8控制以帶動轉動,該驅動馬達14上亦再樞接轉向馬達15,該轉向馬達15受控制單元8控制以轉動迴轉輪13。本發明除了透過迴轉輪13的直行控制,增加多功能護理床行進方向的穩定以外,更可因迴轉輪13的可迴轉作用而增進多功能護理床轉彎的靈活度與容易性。 The lifting structure is coupled to the angle adjusting device 4 such that the angle adjusting device 4 is a driving motor 14 and a steering motor 15, and the driving motor 14 and the steering motor 15 provide power thereto. In order to make the multifunctional nursing bed move in a limited space, the multi-purpose nursing has a turning wheel 13 at each end, so that the multifunctional nursing bed has a more stable and non-swaying effect during the turning and turning motion, and can be combined with the turning wheel. 13 Synchronously maneuvering free turn and limit straight line, the slewing wheel 13 is also controlled by the control unit 8 to drive the drive motor 14, and the drive motor 14 is also pivotally connected to the steering motor 15, which is controlled by the control unit 8 Turn the turning wheel 13. In addition to the straight-through control of the slewing wheel 13, the present invention increases the stability of the traveling direction of the multifunctional nursing bed, and can also improve the flexibility and easiness of turning of the multifunctional nursing bed due to the reversible action of the slewing wheel 13.

又如圖1所示,該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22,其底端分別軸接在該副支座18的前、後二端之間運動;再如圖2所示,該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22各具有該主桿23、該副桿24,以及該中桿25。該副支座18的整體形狀概呈長方形,該副支座18的二長側邊位在該主支座1的左、右二側,長軸二端分別形成一副支座前端及一副支座後端。該副支座18將其該副支座前端與該副支座後端依左右軸向樞接在該前垂 直升降機構16、該後垂直升降機構17,藉此能以該副支座前端與該副支座後端為軸心昇高或降低地進行偏轉。 As shown in FIG. 1 , the front support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 are respectively pivotally connected between the front and rear ends of the auxiliary support 18; The support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 each have the main rod 23, the sub-rod 24, and the center rod 25. The overall shape of the sub-mount 18 is substantially rectangular. The two long sides of the sub-mount 18 are located on the left and right sides of the main support 1. The two ends of the long-axis respectively form a front end of the sub-mount and a pair. The back end of the support. The auxiliary support 18 pivotally connects the front end of the auxiliary support to the rear end of the auxiliary support in the left and right axial direction. The straight lifting mechanism 16 and the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 can thereby be deflected by raising or lowering the front end of the sub-mount and the rear end of the sub-mount.

如圖1所示,該角度調整裝置4連結於該前支撐桿21與該後支撐桿22並提供其動力;在該副支座18與該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22之間設有可調整及固定該副支座18傾斜角度的該角度調整裝置4,該角度調整裝置4為一馬達減速組,其驅動該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22而原地正轉或反轉時,該角度調整裝置4能轉動該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22以達成該副支座18能在底部貼近地面的一第一角度,亦使該多連桿式獨立懸架3保持接近水平狀態;或如圖2所示,該前端31高於該後端32預定高度的一第二角度之間旋轉,藉使該多連桿式獨立懸架3的該二前端31上升,以達呈現坐姿之姿態;或如圖3所示,該後端32高於該前端31預定高度的一第三角度之間旋轉,藉使該多連桿式獨立懸架3的該二後端32上升,以達抬腿之姿態。 As shown in FIG. 1 , the angle adjusting device 4 is coupled to the front support bar 21 and the rear support bar 22 and provides power thereof; and the sub-support 18 is disposed between the front support bar 21 and the rear support bar 21 and the rear support bar 22 The angle adjusting device 4 can adjust and fix the tilting angle of the auxiliary bearing 18, and the angle adjusting device 4 is a motor speed reducing group that drives the front support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 to rotate forward or reverse in situ. In turn, the angle adjusting device 4 can rotate the front support bar 21 and the rear support bar 22 to achieve a first angle at which the sub-mount 18 can be close to the ground at the bottom, and also keep the multi-link independent suspension 3 Close to the horizontal state; or as shown in FIG. 2, the front end 31 rotates between a second angle higher than the predetermined height of the rear end 32, so that the two front ends 31 of the multi-link independent suspension 3 rise up Presenting a posture of sitting posture; or as shown in FIG. 3, the rear end 32 is rotated between a third angle higher than a predetermined height of the front end 31, so that the two rear ends 32 of the multi-link independent suspension 3 rise, In order to lift the leg.

進一步該角度調整裝置4包含一減速裝置,且該減速裝置之輸出軸連接該主桿23與該副支座軸接觸。 Further, the angle adjusting device 4 includes a speed reducing device, and an output shaft of the speed reducing device is connected to the main rod 23 in contact with the auxiliary shaft.

其再一實施例,請參考圖4至圖5,為該主桿23與該副支座18之間設有一可調整及固定該主桿23傾斜角度的該角度調整裝置4;第三實施例請參考圖6至圖7,為該中桿25與該副支座18之間的轉動點設有一可調整及固定該主桿23傾斜角度的該角度調整裝置4。如圖8所示,該角度 調整裝置4主要包含一螺桿41、一馬達組42及一螺合件43。該螺桿41以可原地旋轉的方式樞設在該主桿23與該副支座18間,其軸線與該主桿23及該副支座18形成三角形的一長軸邊,可隨著該主桿23相對於該副支座18進行伸長或縮短。該馬達組42也是裝設在該螺桿41後方,由一馬達及一可受該馬達驅動的一減速齒輪箱所組成,該減速齒輪箱的出力軸與該螺桿41接合,藉此,該馬達組42可驅動該螺桿41以低轉速、高扭力原地旋轉預定周數。該螺合件43設有一貫穿螺孔,並且藉該螺孔螺合在該螺桿41上。 In another embodiment, please refer to FIG. 4 to FIG. 5 , an angle adjusting device 4 for adjusting and fixing the tilt angle of the main rod 23 between the main rod 23 and the auxiliary support 18 ; Referring to FIGS. 6-7, the angle adjusting device 4 for adjusting and fixing the inclination angle of the main rod 23 is provided at a rotation point between the middle rod 25 and the sub-mount 18. As shown in Figure 8, the angle The adjusting device 4 mainly comprises a screw 41, a motor unit 42 and a screwing member 43. The screw 41 is pivotally disposed between the main rod 23 and the sub-mount 18, and an axis thereof and the main rod 23 and the sub-mount 18 form a long axis of a triangle. The main rod 23 is elongated or shortened relative to the sub-mount 18. The motor unit 42 is also disposed behind the screw 41 and is composed of a motor and a reduction gear box that can be driven by the motor. The output shaft of the reduction gear box is engaged with the screw 41, whereby the motor group 42 can drive the screw 41 to rotate in place for a predetermined number of weeks at a low rotation speed and a high torque. The screw member 43 is provided with a through screw hole and is screwed onto the screw 41 by the screw hole.

藉此,當該螺桿41受該馬達組42驅動而原地正轉或反轉時,因為該螺合件43受到該螺桿41的螺紋所推迫,一併帶動該螺桿41沿著該螺桿41軸向往該主桿23之前端31或後端32轉動位移。由於該螺桿41長度固定而且底端樞接在該副支座18上,因此,當該螺桿41與該螺合件43逐漸縮短長度時,即會將該主桿23頂得愈高,亦即使該主桿23逐漸陡斜;反之,當該螺桿41與該螺合件43逐漸延伸長度時,即會將前該主桿23往下拉得愈低,亦即使該前支撐桿21、該後支撐桿22及該多連桿式獨立懸架3逐漸躺平。當馬達組42停止運轉時,透過該螺桿41與該螺合件43之間的螺紋嚙合關係,該螺桿41得以穩固地將該前支撐桿21及該後支撐桿22支撐在當時角度,不致滑脫或鬆搖晃動。顯而易知地,本實施例在螺合件43與該副支座18之間設置左右對 稱的該二螺桿41,目的是為了增進支撐及推拉時的穩固與均衡。 Therefore, when the screw 41 is driven by the motor unit 42 to rotate forward or reverse in place, because the screw member 43 is urged by the thread of the screw 41, the screw 41 is driven along the screw 41. The axial end is rotationally displaced toward the front end 31 or the rear end 32 of the main rod 23. Since the length of the screw 41 is fixed and the bottom end is pivotally connected to the sub-mount 18, when the screw 41 and the screw member 43 are gradually shortened in length, the main rod 23 is raised higher, even if The main rod 23 is gradually steeply inclined; on the contrary, when the screw 41 and the screwing member 43 are gradually extended, the lower the main rod 23 is pulled down, even if the front support rod 21 and the rear support are The rod 22 and the multi-link independent suspension 3 are gradually lying flat. When the motor unit 42 is stopped, the screw 41 can stably support the front support rod 21 and the rear support rod 22 at the current angle through the thread engagement relationship between the screw 41 and the screw member 43 without slipping. Take off or loose. Obviously, the present embodiment provides a left-right pair between the screw member 43 and the sub-mount 18 The two screws 41 are referred to in order to enhance the stability and balance during support and push-pull.

再如圖9所示,本發明的該支撐表面5進而包 括與該多連桿式獨立懸架3的座部51、背部52及腿部53,其中該座部51、背部52及腿部53藉由椅面下的該前支撐桿21、該後支撐桿22以及該角度調整裝置4,可操作地支撐在該多連桿式獨立懸架3上,作為背部52躺靠的同步移動。 在躺靠之中,該前支撐桿21、該後支撐桿22以及該角度調整裝置4,向前移動及向上抬昇該腿部53,如此背部52在躺靠時,自動地提供一重物反應的背部52支撐力量於座部51與背部52。相對重量較重的使用者,便有利地接收較大的背部52之支撐力量,作為背部52支撐。 As shown in FIG. 9, the support surface 5 of the present invention is further packaged. The seat portion 51, the back portion 52 and the leg portion 53 of the multi-link type independent suspension 3 are included, wherein the seat portion 51, the back portion 52 and the leg portion 53 are supported by the front support rod 21 under the seat surface, the rear support rod 22 and the angle adjustment device 4 are operatively supported on the multi-link independent suspension 3 as a synchronous movement of the back 52 lying. In the lying position, the front support bar 21, the rear support bar 22 and the angle adjusting device 4 move forward and lift the leg portion 53, so that the back 52 automatically provides a weight reaction when lying down The back 52 supports the seat 51 and the back 52. The relatively heavy weight user advantageously receives the greater support of the back 52 as the back 52 support.

請參閱圖9A為背部52之剖面示意圖,當該背 部52傾斜,以使使用者靠躺於該背部52傾斜之該支撐表面5,其中該支撐表面5之座部51因重力反應,使該支撐表面5之局部或不規則局部的加厚表面,使該支撐表面5能夠具有保持水平的力量;請參閱圖9B為座部51之剖面示意圖,該背部52與座部51為由一局部加厚舒適該支撐表面5所形成,調整該背部52與座部51變化的外型以及使用者所需求之人體工學支撐,以供使用者能隨時處於水平躺臥及躺靠的兩種狀態。尤其當該支撐表面5變化部分厚度、或孔的大小、或孔 的間距時,維持該使用者舒適地躺靠在該支撐表面5上,且在躺靠期間,當該使用者的骨盆轉動時,提供一最佳局部人體工學支撐至該使用者的變化外型。請參閱圖9C為腿部53之剖面示意圖,此外該支撐表面5能避免使用者的膝蓋及大腿處於一種不舒適的抬昇力量,將如此力量良好的分布在該膝蓋或藉著彎曲部分地分散在腿部53區域。再者,該座部51及背部52的該支撐表面5,產生一變化的提桶外型,同時亦主動地分布周圍局部區域的壓力,如此該使用者感覺舒適地維持在該背部52。 Please refer to FIG. 9A for a cross-sectional view of the back 52, when the back The portion 52 is inclined so that the user leans against the support surface 5 which is inclined on the back 52, wherein the seat portion 51 of the support surface 5 reacts by gravity to make a partial or irregular partial thickened surface of the support surface 5, The support surface 5 can be made to have a horizontal force; please refer to FIG. 9B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the seat portion 51. The back portion 52 and the seat portion 51 are formed by a partial thickening comfort of the support surface 5, and the back portion 52 is adjusted. The shape of the seat 51 is varied and the ergonomic support required by the user is provided for the user to be in a horizontally lying and lying state at any time. Especially when the support surface 5 varies in part thickness, or the size of the hole, or the hole Maintaining the user's comfortably lying on the support surface 5 and providing an optimal local ergonomic support to the user's anatomy as the user's pelvis rotates during lying down type. Please refer to FIG. 9C as a schematic cross-sectional view of the leg portion 53. In addition, the support surface 5 can prevent the user's knees and thighs from being in an uncomfortable lifting force, so that the force is well distributed on the knee or dispersed by bending. In the area of the leg 53. Moreover, the support surface 5 of the seat portion 51 and the back portion 52 produces a varying shape of the bucket while actively distributing the pressure of the surrounding partial area so that the user feels comfortable maintaining the back portion 52.

如使用者需要如廁時,使用者能經由控制器、 或智慧型手機、或平板電腦等控制裝置下達指令,該指令為經由控制裝置外部按鈕(或觸碰介面)控制,或是經由控制裝置觸控螢幕控制皆可,如圖10所示,當控制裝置接受指令,則先驅動左右二組後支撐桿22上升,使支撐表面5的腿部53上升,其後再驅動左右二組前支撐桿21上升,而該支撐表面5的背部52以相同速率持續上升;如圖9D所示,該座部51開設有一扁平長孔54,該扁平長孔54為使用強力磁鐵保持閉合狀態,該扁平長孔54會隨著使用者臀部施加重量在座部51,藉由外力使座部51產生變形動作而讓扁平長孔54分離,而使該扁平長孔54自動擴大,同時在不改變身體的就坐方向下,左右二側的前垂直升降機構16和後垂直升降機構17同步下降至電腦馬桶 座6的上方,提供使用者如廁。使用者如廁完成,電腦馬桶座6也將使用者如廁部位自動清洗與烘乾,接續,使用者能再對控制裝置下達指令,以保持躺姿或坐姿,維持多功能護理床其坐姿的完整性,既衛生又安全,是行動不便者的好幫手。 If the user needs to go to the toilet, the user can go through the controller, Or a smart phone, or a tablet computer and other control devices to issue commands, which are controlled by external buttons (or touch interfaces) of the control device, or by touch screen control via the control device, as shown in FIG. 10, when controlling When the device receives the command, the left and right sets of rear support bars 22 are driven to rise, the leg portions 53 of the support surface 5 are raised, and then the left and right sets of front support bars 21 are driven to rise, and the back 52 of the support surface 5 is at the same rate. As shown in FIG. 9D, the seat portion 51 defines a flat long hole 54 which is held in a closed state by using a strong magnet, and the flat long hole 54 is applied to the seat portion 51 with the weight of the user's buttocks. The flat long hole 54 is separated by the external force to cause the flat portion 54 to be deformed, and the flat long hole 54 is automatically enlarged, and the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 and the rear vertical are both sides on the left and right sides without changing the sitting direction of the body. Lifting mechanism 17 synchronously descends to the computer toilet Above the seat 6, the user is provided with a toilet. When the user completes the toilet, the computer toilet seat 6 automatically cleans and dries the user's toilet part, and the user can then give instructions to the control device to maintain the lying position or the sitting position, and maintain the sitting posture of the multifunctional nursing bed. Integrity, both hygienic and safe, is a good helper for people with reduced mobility.

請參閱圖11為多功能護理床提供使用者洗澡或 水療之另一功能,當該多連桿式獨立懸架3的該前端31、該後端32及該仰轉支點33(pitch over fulcrum)呈一水平狀態,一遮水帆布7固定於該多連桿式獨立懸架3的該前端31或該後端32,並且該遮水帆布7樞接於該二多連桿式獨立懸架3上提供一容置空間,該容置空間係形成於一支撐表面5下方,且該遮水帆布7於底部具有一排水閥,該排水閥並連接有一排水管(圖中未顯示)。當遮水帆布7展開固定於該多功能護理床其二多連桿式獨立懸架3的底側,則令二多連桿式獨立懸架3上空間形成一淋浴區範圍,當使用者經一蓮蓬頭72於該淋浴區範圍洗滌身體後之污水係向該排水閥呈低陷狀,俾供排水快速且順暢排出遮水帆布7外或排至電腦馬桶座6中。 Please refer to Figure 11 for the multifunctional nursing bed to provide the user with a bath or Another function of the spa is that when the front end 31, the rear end 32 and the pitch over fulcrum of the multi-link independent suspension 3 are in a horizontal state, a water-shield canvas 7 is fixed to the multi-connection. The front end 31 of the rod-type independent suspension 3 or the rear end 32, and the water-shielding canvas 7 is pivotally connected to the two-link independent suspension 3 to provide an accommodating space formed on a support surface. 5 below, and the water-repellent canvas 7 has a drain valve at the bottom, and the drain valve is connected with a drain pipe (not shown). When the water-repellent canvas 7 is unfolded and fixed on the bottom side of the multi-link independent suspension 3 of the multifunctional nursing bed, the space on the two-link independent suspension 3 forms a shower area range, when the user passes through a shower head 72. The sewage after washing the body in the shower area is in a low trap shape to the drain valve, and the water supply and drainage is quickly and smoothly discharged out of the water-blocking canvas 7 or discharged into the computer toilet seat 6.

另外,請參閱圖12,該背部52與該腿部53均 設置有一烘乾機73,當使用者洗澡完畢,由該烘乾機排出一溫熱氣體,將使用者身體表面水滴烘乾,使其身體保持乾燥。 In addition, referring to FIG. 12, the back 52 and the leg 53 are both A dryer 73 is provided. When the user finishes bathing, a warm gas is discharged from the dryer to dry the surface of the user's body to keep the body dry.

請參閱圖13及圖14,一般長期臥床使用者,因 身體局部壓迫,導致循環系統不良,為了減少身體局部長期受到壓迫,故必須定期為使用者作翻身作動,為讓使用者由躺臥期間改變為該腿和腰等衰弱的部位,可讓使用者就躺於座部51與背部52,同時防止使用者臀部的滾動造成傷害,本發明的控制單元8驅動該前垂直升降機構16或該後垂直升降機構17,本發明更採用升降結構並連結於該角度調整裝置4,順序控制多連桿式獨立懸架3傾斜之翻身裝置設計,藉由左右二側的該前垂直升降機構16或該後垂直升降機構17上升及下降來控制多連桿式獨立懸架3傾斜量,轉變身體受壓迫點位置,當昇高或降低地該左側的升降結構時,可使該左側的該前垂直升降機構16或該後垂直升降機構17帶動該左側的多連桿式獨立懸架3翻轉及恢復水平;當昇高或降低地該右側的升降結構時,可使該右側的該前垂直升降機構16或該後垂直升降機構17帶動該右側的多連桿式獨立懸架3翻轉及恢復水平,藉此改變身體局部接觸位置,減少循環系統不良的產生。 Please refer to Figure 13 and Figure 14, for general long-term bed users, because Partial compression of the body leads to poor circulation system. In order to reduce the long-term compression of the body part, it is necessary to periodically turn the user around to make the user change from lying to the weak part of the leg and waist. The control unit 8 of the present invention drives the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 or the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 to lie on the seat portion 51 and the back portion 52 while preventing the rolling of the user's buttocks. The present invention further adopts a lifting structure and is coupled to The angle adjusting device 4 sequentially controls the tilting device design of the multi-link independent suspension 3, and controls the multi-link independent by raising and lowering the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 or the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 on the left and right sides. The amount of tilt of the suspension 3 is changed to change the position of the body to the pressing point. When the lifting structure of the left side is raised or lowered, the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 or the rear vertical lifting mechanism 17 of the left side can drive the multi-link of the left side. The independent suspension 3 is turned over and restored to the level; when the lifting structure of the right side is raised or lowered, the front vertical lifting mechanism 16 or the rearward side of the right side can be made The lift mechanism 17 drives the right of the multi-link independent suspension 3 and inversion recovery level, thereby changing the contact position of the local body, reducing the generation of poor circulation.

綜上所述,本案不但在空間型態上確屬創新, 並能較習用物品增進上述多項功效,應已充分符合新穎性及進步性之法定新型專利要件,爰依法提出申請,懇請 貴局核准本件新型專利申請案,以勵創作,至感德便。 In summary, this case is not only innovative in terms of space type, It can enhance the above-mentioned multiple functions compared with the conventional articles. It should fully comply with the statutory new patent requirements for novelty and progressiveness. If you apply for it according to law, you are requested to approve the new patent application case for your creation.

1‧‧‧主支座 1‧‧‧ main support

11‧‧‧底部構件 11‧‧‧ bottom member

12‧‧‧伸縮支架 12‧‧‧ Telescopic bracket

13‧‧‧迴轉輪 13‧‧‧Rotary wheel

14‧‧‧驅動馬達 14‧‧‧Drive motor

15‧‧‧轉向馬達 15‧‧‧Steering motor

16‧‧‧前垂直升降機構 16‧‧‧Front vertical lifting mechanism

17‧‧‧後垂直升降機構 17‧‧‧ Rear vertical lifting mechanism

18‧‧‧副支座 18‧‧‧ Deputy Support

21‧‧‧前支撐桿 21‧‧‧Front support rod

22‧‧‧後支撐桿 22‧‧‧ Rear support rod

23‧‧‧主桿 23‧‧‧ main pole

24‧‧‧副桿 24‧‧‧Auxiliary

25‧‧‧中桿 25‧‧‧中杆

31‧‧‧前端 31‧‧‧ front end

32‧‧‧後端 32‧‧‧ Backend

33‧‧‧仰轉支點 33‧‧‧ Turning to the pivot

4‧‧‧角度調整裝置 4‧‧‧ Angle adjustment device

5‧‧‧支撐表面 5‧‧‧Support surface

73‧‧‧烘乾機 73‧‧‧Dryer

Claims (9)

一種多功能護理床,包括:一主支座,其左右二側平行設置有一前垂直升降機構和一後垂直升降機構之一升降結構,及設置於該升降結構上之一副支座;一前支撐桿及一後支撐桿,其底端分別軸接在該副支座的前、後二端之間運動,各具有一主桿、一副桿,以及一中桿;二多連桿式獨立懸架,具有雙連桿的一前端及一後端,分別與該副桿與該中桿的頂端樞接,且該中桿係設置於該前端或該後端與該主桿之間,以在該前端及該後端各形成二仰轉支點,該多連桿式獨立懸架可相對該主支座進行偏轉,使得其前、後二端的連結線相對於地面的角度產生變化;一角度調整裝置,連結於該前支撐桿與該後支撐桿並提供其動力;控制單元,為受裝置控制該角度調整裝置與升降結構之啟動與停止;一支撐表面,為一張透氣織物連結該二多連桿式獨立懸架,其上具有相當寬度且規則或不規則排列的孔。 A multifunctional nursing bed comprising: a main support, a front vertical lifting mechanism and a rear vertical lifting mechanism lifting structure are arranged in parallel on the left and right sides, and a sub-support provided on the lifting structure; The support rod and the rear support rod are respectively pivotally connected between the front and rear ends of the auxiliary support, each having a main pole, a secondary pole, and a middle pole; a suspension having a front end and a rear end of the double link respectively pivotally connected to the top end of the auxiliary rod and the middle rod, and the middle rod is disposed between the front end or the rear end and the main rod to The front end and the rear end respectively form two pivoting fulcrums, and the multi-link independent suspension can be deflected relative to the main support, so that the angles of the connecting lines of the front and rear ends thereof are changed with respect to the ground; an angle adjusting device Connecting to the front support bar and the rear support bar and providing power thereof; the control unit controls the start and stop of the angle adjustment device and the lifting structure by the device; a support surface is connected to the two multiples by a ventilating fabric Rod-type independent suspension with And a width comparable to a regular or irregular arrangement of holes. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,其中該主支座包括底部構件及從底部構件上凸伸出之一伸縮支架。 The multi-functional care bed of claim 1, wherein the main support comprises a bottom member and a telescopic support projecting from the bottom member. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之多功能護理床,其中該伸縮支架之二末端平行延伸出一二迴轉輪,該伸縮支架能調整該二迴轉輪與該主支座之中心之間之距離為變化值,該距離從該主支座之該二迴轉輪之末端之一端到遠離該主支座之該迴轉輪之末端之一端逐漸變大,即可增加該主支座的穩定度。 The multi-functional care bed of claim 2, wherein the two ends of the telescopic bracket extend in parallel with a two-turn wheel, and the telescopic bracket can adjust the distance between the two rotating wheels and the center of the main support. For a change value, the distance gradually increases from one end of the two rotating wheels of the main support to one end of the end of the rotating wheel away from the main support, thereby increasing the stability of the main support. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,其中該升降結構包括平行設置之該前垂直升降機構與該後垂直升降機構、樞接該前垂直升降機構與該後垂直升降機構遠離該主支座之另一端之該副支座,該升降結構並連結於一角度調整裝置,使該角度調整裝置提供其動力。 The multi-functional care bed of claim 1, wherein the lifting structure comprises the front vertical lifting mechanism and the rear vertical lifting mechanism disposed in parallel, pivoting the front vertical lifting mechanism and the rear vertical lifting mechanism away from the The auxiliary support at the other end of the main support is coupled to an angle adjusting device to provide the power to the angle adjusting device. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,其中該副支座的整體形狀概呈長方形,該副支座的二長側邊位在該主支座的左、右二側,長軸二端分別形成一副支座前端及一副支座後端。該副支座將其該副支座前端與該副支座後端依左右軸向樞接在該前垂直升降機構、該後垂直升降機構,藉此能以該副支座前端與該副支座後端為軸心昇高或降低地進行偏轉。 The multifunctional nursing bed according to claim 1, wherein the overall shape of the auxiliary support is substantially rectangular, and the two long sides of the auxiliary support are on the left and right sides of the main support and are long. The two ends of the shaft respectively form a front end of the auxiliary support and a rear end of the auxiliary support. The auxiliary support pivotally connects the front end of the auxiliary support and the rear end of the auxiliary support to the front vertical lifting mechanism and the rear vertical lifting mechanism according to the left and right axial direction, whereby the front end of the auxiliary bearing and the auxiliary branch can be The rear end of the seat is deflected by raising or lowering the axis. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,其中該副支座與該前支撐桿及該後支撐桿之間設有可調整及固定該副支座傾斜角度的該角度調整裝置,該角度調整裝置為一馬達減速組,其驅動該前支撐桿及該後支撐桿而原地正轉 或反轉時,該角度調整裝置能轉動該前支撐桿及該後支撐桿以達成該副支座能在底部貼近地面的一第一角度,亦使該多連桿式獨立懸架保持接近水平狀態。 The multi-functional care bed of claim 1, wherein the auxiliary support and the front support bar and the rear support bar are provided with the angle adjusting device for adjusting and fixing the inclination angle of the auxiliary support. The angle adjusting device is a motor speed reducing group that drives the front support rod and the rear support rod to rotate in place Or when reversing, the angle adjusting device can rotate the front support bar and the rear support bar to achieve a first angle that the auxiliary support can be close to the ground at the bottom, and the multi-link independent suspension is kept close to the horizontal state. . 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,其中該支撐表面進而包括該多連桿式獨立懸架、座部、背部及腿部,其中該座部、背部及腿部藉由椅面下的該前支撐桿、該後支撐桿以及該角度調整裝置,可操作地支撐在該多連桿式獨立懸架上,作為背部躺靠的同步移動。 The multi-functional care bed of claim 1, wherein the support surface further comprises the multi-link independent suspension, the seat, the back and the leg, wherein the seat, the back and the leg are by the seat surface The lower front support bar, the rear support bar, and the angle adjustment device are operatively supported on the multi-link independent suspension as a synchronous movement of the back rest. 如申請專利範圍第7項所述之多功能護理床,其中該座部為由一局部加厚舒適該支撐表面所形成,調整該座部變化的外型以及使用者所需求之人體工學支撐,以供使用者能隨時處於水平躺臥及躺靠的兩種狀態。 The multifunctional nursing bed according to claim 7, wherein the seat portion is formed by a partial thickening and comfortable support surface, and the shape of the seat is changed and the ergonomic support required by the user is adjusted. , so that the user can be lying horizontally and lying down at any time. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之多功能護理床,更包括一遮水帆布,為一張防水帆布連結該二多連桿式獨立懸架,具有至少一出入水口。 The multifunctional nursing bed according to claim 1, further comprising a water-blocking canvas, the tarpaulin connecting the two-link independent suspension, having at least one water inlet and outlet.
TW103116877A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Multifunctional care bed TWI551283B (en)

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TWI572348B (en) * 2016-06-02 2017-03-01 李光輝 Bed cloud
TWI626039B (en) * 2017-01-04 2018-06-11 Lai Zhen Biao Bath care bed
CN107080642B (en) * 2017-06-07 2022-05-20 泰安祥和护理床科技有限公司 Back massage regulating and controlling device of nursing bed
GB201712186D0 (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-09-13 Motus Mech Ltd Adjustable furniture

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US5980449A (en) * 1996-06-07 1999-11-09 Fisher & Paykel Limited Infant warmer
TWM325822U (en) * 2007-07-24 2008-01-21 Modas Shing Co Ltd Electric-drive bed with lifting function
CN201353256Y (en) * 2009-02-26 2009-12-02 李国东 Linkage lifting mechanism for bed panel and bed body employing same
TW201124124A (en) * 2009-11-20 2011-07-16 Gravity Co Ltd Care bed
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