TWI451678B - A voltage-boosting device and a voltage-boosting circuit - Google Patents

A voltage-boosting device and a voltage-boosting circuit Download PDF

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TWI451678B
TWI451678B TW100128896A TW100128896A TWI451678B TW I451678 B TWI451678 B TW I451678B TW 100128896 A TW100128896 A TW 100128896A TW 100128896 A TW100128896 A TW 100128896A TW I451678 B TWI451678 B TW I451678B
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coupled
switch
inductor
diode
cathode
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TW100128896A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW201308854A (en
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Ching Ming Lai
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Lite On Electronics Guangzhou
Lite On Technology Corp
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Description

Boost converter and boost converter
The present invention relates to a boost converter, and more particularly to a boost converter having a high voltage gain.
In recent years, with the rise of oil prices and environmental protection issues, countries around the world have actively promoted the development of decentralized power generation systems. Since the distributed power generation device has the characteristics of low voltage output, it is often applied to energy storage devices such as photovoltaic cells, fuel cells, storage batteries, and wind turbines.
However, with different applications, in order to enable the distributed power generation device to achieve the high boost ratio requirement, the existing method is to use a two-stage or multi-stage series connection of a voltage-type booster (Voltage-Boosting Device) to obtain a better The boosting effect, but it requires multiple power conversions, so the conversion efficiency of the converter is not good and does not meet the actual demand.
Referring to FIG. 1, the existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit has the advantages of reducing input current and output voltage chopping, but the lower the input voltage, the existing boost. The duty cycle (Duty Cycle) of the two power switches S 1 and S 2 in the conversion circuit is also close to the critical condition of full opening (ie, the duty ratio is 100%), so that not only the efficiency loss but also the second The switching frequency of the power switches S 1 and S 2 cannot be greatly increased to achieve thinness and thinness.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a boost converter circuit having a high voltage gain proposed for a low voltage distributed energy source.
Therefore, the boost converter circuit of the present invention is configured to receive a power supply and boost the power supply to a load. The boost converter circuit includes a first inductor, a first switch, and a second inductor. a second switch, a first clamp diode and a first energy storage component.
One end of the first inductor receives power supply power, and the other end is coupled to the first switch; one end of the second inductor receives power supply power, and the other end is coupled to the second switch; the first switch and the second switch are Switching between an on-state and a non-conduction state; an anode of the first clamp diode is coupled to the first inductor and the first switch, and a cathode is coupled to the anode of the output diode One end of the first energy storage element is coupled to the coupling of the second inductor and the second switch, wherein the other end is coupled to the cathode of the clamp diode; the output diode The anode is coupled to the first clamp diode cathode and the first energy storage component, and the cathode is coupled to an output capacitor and a load.
Wherein, when the first switch and the second switch are both turned on, the first inductor and the first switch form a first loop, and the second inductor and the second switch form a second loop, so that the power source is opposite to the first inductor. And the second inductor stores energy. When the first switch is non-conductive and the second switch is conductive, the first inductor, the first clamp diode, the first energy storage component and the second switch form a third loop, and the first inductor releases its energy to The first energy storage element. When the first switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the second inductor, the first energy storage component, the output diode, and the output capacitor form a fourth loop, and the energy of the first energy storage component is combined with the second The energy stored in the inductor is output to the load together to boost the input power.
In order to overlap the on-times of the first switch and the second switch to continuously supply power, the duty ratios of the first switch and the second switch need to exceed 50%, that is, 0.5<D<1.
The boost converter circuit further includes an inductive boost circuit including a first rectifying diode, a second rectifying diode, and a first filtering capacitor. a second filter capacitor, a first coupled inductor and a second coupled inductor.
The first rectifying diode and the second rectifying diode are coupled between the output diode and the load, the cathode of the first rectifying diode is coupled to the load, and the anode of the second rectifying diode is coupled to the output a cathode of the diode, the cathode of which is coupled to the anode of the first rectifying diode; one end of the first filter capacitor is coupled to the cathode of the first rectifying diode, and the other end is coupled to one end of the second filter capacitor, The other end of the second filter capacitor is coupled to the anode of the second rectifying diode; the first coupled inductor and the first inductor form a transformer, and one end is coupled to the cathode of the second rectifying diode; the second coupled inductor and The second inductor forms another transformer, and one end is coupled to the other end of the first coupled inductor, and the other end of the second coupled inductor is coupled to the coupling of the first filter capacitor and the second filter capacitor, wherein When the switch is turned on, the first coupled inductor is discharged to the first filter capacitor, and when the second switch is turned on, the second coupled inductor is discharged to the second filter capacitor, and the first switch is turned on and the second switch is First non-conducting, first filter capacitor A second filter with a second inductor and a capacitance of the first storage element to the load can be released together.
The boost converter circuit of the present invention may also include a first inductor, a first switch, a second inductor, a second switch, a plurality of clamp diodes, and a plurality of energy storage components.
One end of the first inductor receives power supply power, and the other end is coupled to the first switch; one end of the second inductor receives power supply power, and the other end is coupled to the second switch; the first switch and the second switch are Switching between a conducting state and a non-conducting state. The majority of the clamped diodes are connected in series with each other, and the number of energy storage components corresponds to the clamped diodes. One ends of the energy storage components are respectively coupled to the cathodes of the clamped diodes, and some of the energy storage components are respectively The other end is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor and the first switch, and the other end of the remaining energy storage component is coupled to the coupling of the second inductor and the second switch.
Therefore, when both the first switch and the second switch are turned on, the power source stores energy for the first inductor and the second inductor. When the first switch is non-conductive and the second switch is conductive, the first inductor releases its energy to the energy storage component coupled to the coupling of the second inductor and the second switch, and is coupled to the first inductor and The energy storage element at the coupling of the first switch is released to the load. When the first switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the first inductor releases its energy to the energy storage component coupled to the coupling of the first inductor and the first switch, and the second inductor is coupled to the first The energy storage element at the coupling of the second inductor and the second switch releases energy to the output capacitor and the load.
Similarly, in the boost converter circuit including a plurality of clamp diodes and a plurality of energy storage elements, the above-described induction boost circuit may be further included to obtain a higher boost ratio.
Furthermore, the boost converter circuit of the present invention can be applied to a boost converter, and the boost converter can include a control circuit and the boost converter. The first switch may be an N-type MOS field-effect transistor having a drain (D) coupled to the other end of the first inductor, a gate (G) coupled to the control circuit, and a grounded source (S); the second switch can be an N-type MOS field-effect transistor having a drain (D) coupled to the other end of the second inductor, coupled to the control circuit The gate (G) and a grounded source (S).
The effect of the invention is that the boost converter can provide low voltage/high current energy input and realize Integrated Single-Stage Power Conversion, which can achieve high voltage gain requirement with only one power processing. And has high conversion efficiency. In addition, the voltages of the first switch, the second switch, and the clamp diode of the boost converter circuit are much lower than those of the existing boost converter circuit, so that the conduction and switching loss of the circuit components and the reverse recovery loss problem are reduced, thereby further Improve conversion efficiency.
The foregoing and other technical aspects, features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the Detailed Description of the <RTIgt;
Before the present invention is described in detail, it is to be noted that in the following description, the current loops of the same elements are denoted by the same reference numerals.
Referring to FIG. 2, a first embodiment of a boost boosting device of the present invention is an booster/interphase (Multiphase) architecture boost converter that can be applied to hybrid Battery energy charging and discharging system for power vehicles, home DC microgrid power generation system, Power Factor Corrector, high-voltage driver for high-intensity discharge (HID) headlights for vehicles, solar/wind/fuel Battery-based alternative energy generation systems, medical electronic instruments, such as: X-ray machines, Ozone generators, etc.
In this embodiment, the boost converter 100 can receive a low voltage and high current power supply V IN and boost the power supply V IN to be supplied to the back end power device. (ie load R L ) is used. The boost converter device 100 includes a boost converter circuit 10 and a control circuit 20. The boost converter circuit 10 includes a first inductor L 1 , a first switch S 1 , a second inductor L 2 , a second switch S 2 , an auxiliary step-up unit 30 , and an output. Diode D O and an output capacitor C O .
One end of the first inductor L 1 receives the power source V IN , and the first switch S 1 is an N-type MOSFET, which has a drain (D) coupled to the other end of the first inductor L 1 . The first switch S 1 is controlled by the control circuit 20 to be in an ON state and a non-conduction state. The first switch S 1 is controlled by the control circuit 20 and is connected to the gate (G) and the grounded source (S). Switch. One end of the second inductor L 2 receives the power source V IN , and the second switch S 2 is also an N-type MOSFET, which has a drain (D) coupled to the other end of the second inductor L 2 . The first switch S 2 is coupled to the gate (G) of the control circuit 20 and a grounded source (S). The second switch S 2 is controlled by the control circuit 20 to switch between a conducting state and a non-conducting state.
The auxiliary boosting unit 30 includes a clamping diode D 1 and an energy storage component C b1 . The anode of the clamp diode D 1 is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 (ie, the drain of the first switch S 1 ), and the cathode thereof is coupled to the output diode D O. The energy storage component C b1 is exemplified by a storage capacitor, and one end thereof is coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 (ie, the drain of the second switch S 2 ), and the energy storage component The other end of C b1 is coupled to the cathode of the clamp diode D 1 . The anode of the output diode D O is coupled to the cathode of the clamp diode D 1 , and the cathode thereof is coupled to the load R L . The output capacitor C O is coupled between the cathode of the output diode D O and the ground.
When the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 to be simultaneously turned on, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 form a first loop I, and the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 forms a second loop II. As shown in FIG. 3, the power source V IN stores energy for the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 .
Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, when the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 to be non-conductive and the second switch S 2 to be conductive, the first inductor L 1 , the clamp diode D 1 , the energy storage device C b1 and The second switch S 2 forms a third loop III. The first inductor L 1 releases its stored energy and is stored in the energy storage component C b1 through the clamp diode D 1 . At this time, the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 still form the second loop II, and the power source V IN continues to store energy to the second inductor L 2 .
Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 5, when the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 is turned on when the second switch S 2 and the non-conducting, the second inductor L 2, the energy storage element C b1, the output D O, and an output diode The capacitor C O forms a fourth loop IV, and the power source V IN , the second inductor L 2 and the energy storage component C b1 release energy to the output capacitor C O for supply to the back end power device (ie, the load R L ). At the same time, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 still form the first loop I, and the power source V IN continues to store energy for the first inductor L 1 .
In other words, when the boost converter circuit 10 is non-conducting when the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is turned on, the first inductor L 1 stores energy in the energy storage component C b1 of the auxiliary boosting unit 30, and When the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the energy of the energy storage element C b1 is output together with the energy stored in the second inductor L 2 to the load R L to achieve the input. The purpose of the power supply voltage V IN boost is as follows:
Where D is the duty cycle of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 . Therefore, the boost converter circuit 10 can achieve the same boost ratio through the lower duty ratios of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 compared to the conventional two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit. The conduction loss and switching loss of the switch are reduced, and the loss caused by the reverse recovery of the output diode D O is also reduced, so that the overall conversion efficiency is improved. In addition, the first switch S 1 , the second switch S 2 and the clamp diode D 1 have low voltage stress characteristics, which can have higher reliability and high power conversion efficiency, and the auxiliary boosting unit 30 does not need to pass any active circuit control, which can save the manufacturing cost of the boost converter device 100.
Referring to FIG. 6, a second embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention is substantially the same as the first embodiment, except that the auxiliary boost unit 30 further includes another clamp diode D 2 . And another energy storage component C b2 . For convenience of explanation, the following two clamp diodes D 1 and D 2 are respectively defined as a first clamp diode D 1 and a second clamp diode D 2 ; the second energy storage components C b1 and C b2 respectively It is defined as a first energy storage element C b1 and a second energy storage element C b2 .
In this embodiment, the anode of the first clamp diode D 1 is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 , and the cathode of the first clamp diode D 1 is coupled to the second clamp diode D the anode 2; C b1 end of the first energy storage element is coupled to the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 is coupled at the other end is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode D 1 is; The cathode of the second clamp diode D 2 is coupled to the anode of the output diode D O ; one end of the second energy storage component C b2 is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 The other end is coupled to the cathode of the second clamp diode D 2 .
Similarly, when the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 are simultaneously turned on, each component state is like the first embodiment, and the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 form a first loop I, and a second The inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 form a second loop II, and the power source V IN stores energy for the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 .
When the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is conductive, the first inductor L 1 , the first clamp diode D 1 , the first energy storage device C b1 and the second switch S 2 form a The fifth loop V, the first clamp diode D 1 is turned on, so that the first inductor L 1 stores energy to the first energy storage component C b1 , and the second energy storage component C b2 releases energy to the output capacitor C O . In addition, the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 still form the second loop II, and the power source power V IN continues to store energy for the second inductor L 2 .
When the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the second inductor L 2 , the first first energy storage element C b1 , the second clamp diode D 2 , and the output diode D O and the output capacitor C O form a sixth loop VI, the power source V IN , the second inductor L 2 and the first energy storage component C b1 release energy to the output capacitor C O , and the first inductor L 1 releases energy and Stored in the second energy storage element C b2 . In addition, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 still form the first loop I, and the power source power V IN continues to store energy for the first inductor L 1 .
Similarly, the first inductor L 1 stores the energy in the first energy storage component C b1 of the auxiliary boosting unit 30 when the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is turned on. When the second energy storage component C b2 is discharged to supply the load R L , and when the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the second energy storage component C b2 receives the first The energy released by the inductor L 1 , the energy of the first energy storage component C b1 is output to the load R L together with the energy stored in the second inductor L 2 , so that the boosting can still be achieved, and the embodiment The voltage gain of the boost converter circuit 10 is as follows:
Referring to FIG. 7, a third embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention is substantially the same as the first embodiment, except that the auxiliary boost unit 30 can include a plurality of clamp diodes and a plurality of The energy storage device (storage capacitor), in this embodiment will take three as an example, and for convenience of explanation, the following three clamp diodes D 1 , D 2 , D 3 are respectively defined as the first clamp diode Body D 1 , second clamp diode D 2 and third clamp diode D 3 ; three energy storage elements C b1 , C b2 , C b3 are respectively defined as first energy storage element C b1 , second Energy storage element C b2 and third energy storage element C b3 .
The anode of the first clamp diode D 1 is coupled to the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 , and the cathode is coupled to the anode of the second clamp diode D 2 ; One end of the energy storage device C b1 is coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 , and the other end is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode D 1 ; the second clamp diode The cathode of the body D 2 is coupled to the anode of the third clamp diode D 3 ; one end of the second energy storage component C b2 is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 , and the other end is coupled to the cathode of the second clamp diode D 2; the third clamp diode D 3 is coupled to the cathode of the output diode anode O D; C b3 end of the third energy storage element coupled The other end is coupled to the cathode of the third clamp diode D 3 at the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 .
That is, the three clamp diodes D 1 , D 2 , and D 3 are connected in series with each other, and one ends of the first energy storage element C b1 , the second energy storage element C b2 , and the third energy storage element C b3 are respectively Correspondingly coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode D 1 , the second clamp diode D 2 and the third clamp diode D 3 , and a part of the energy storage component (the second energy storage component C b2 ) The other end is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 , and the other end of the remaining energy storage components (the first energy storage component C b1 and the third energy storage component C b3 ) The coupling is coupled to the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 .
Similarly, when the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 are simultaneously turned on, the power source V IN stores energy for the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 . When the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is conductive, the energy of the first inductor L 1 is released to the energy storage coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 . An element (the first energy storage element C b1 and the third energy storage element C b3 ) and coupled to the energy storage element of the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 (the second energy storage component C b2 ) ) will release its energy to the output capacitor C O .
When the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the energy storage element coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 (the first energy storage component C b1 and The third energy storage component C b3 ) releases its energy to the output capacitor C O , and the first inductor L 1 releases energy and is stored at the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 . Energy storage element (second energy storage element C b2 ). Therefore, the voltage boosting effect can still be achieved, and the voltage gain of the boost converter circuit 10 of the embodiment is as follows:
8 is a characteristic diagram of voltage gains of three embodiments of the boost converter circuit 10 of the present invention and an existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit, wherein the horizontal axis is the first switch S 1 and the second switch S The duty ratio of 2 , the vertical axis is voltage gain (Voltage Gain), L1 is the characteristic curve of the existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit, and L2 to L4 are the boost converter circuits described in the first to third embodiments, respectively. 10 characteristic curve. It can be seen from the respective curves that the voltage gain of the boost converter circuit 10 according to the embodiments of the present invention is greater than that of the existing boost converter circuit, regardless of the duty ratios of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 . The boost converter device 100 of the present invention can indeed improve the overall conversion efficiency and provide higher voltage output power. The performance comparison between the three embodiments of the boost converter circuit 10 of the present invention and the existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit is as follows:
Table I
Specifically, in the above three embodiments, the duty ratios of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 need to exceed 50% (ie, 0.5<D<1), and the first switch S 1 and the second switch The on-times of S 2 overlap each other to continuously supply power. In the setting of each embodiment, the voltage of the power source V IN is 20V, and the sense values of the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 are both 200 μH, and the energy storage component C b1 (=C b2 =C b3 ) The capacitance value is 3.3 μF, the capacitance of the output capacitor C O is 200 μF, and the duty cycle of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 are both set to 75%. Therefore, under the above setting, in the third embodiment (as shown in FIG. 7), the boost converter 100 will provide an output voltage of 320V (=20×4/(1-0.75)), as shown in FIG. Show.
Referring to FIG. 10, a fourth embodiment of a boost converter of the present invention includes a boost converter circuit 10, a control circuit 20, and an inductive boost circuit 40. The boost converter circuit 10 includes a first inductor L 1 , a first switch S 1 , a second inductor L 2 , a second switch S 2 , an auxiliary boost unit 30 , an output diode D O and a Output capacitor C O . The connections, functions, and operations of the components in the auxiliary boosting unit 30 and the boost converter circuit 10 are the same as those described in the first embodiment, and thus are not described again.
The inductive boosting circuit 40 includes a first rectifying diode D O1 , a second rectifying diode D O2 , a first coupled inductor L 1C , a second coupled inductor L 2C , a first filter capacitor C O1 , and A second filter capacitor C O2 .
The anode of the first rectifying diode D O1 is coupled to the cathode of the second rectifying diode D O2 , and the cathode is coupled to one end of the first filter capacitor C O1 and the load R L (rear power device). The anode of the second rectifying diode D O2 is coupled to the cathode of the output diode D O and the output capacitor C O . The other end of the first filter capacitor C O1 is coupled to the second end of the filter capacitor C O2, the other terminal of the second filter capacitor C O2 is connected to the coupling at the second rectifying diode D O2 and the output capacitor C O (Anode of the second rectifying diode D O2 ). The first coupled inductor L 1C forms a transformer structure with the first inductor L 1 , and the second coupled inductor L 2C and the second inductor L 2 form another transformer structure. The first coupled inductor L 1C and the second coupled inductor L 2C are serially connected to each other. Connected, and one end of the first coupled inductor L 1C is coupled to the coupling of the first rectifying diode D O1 and the second rectifying diode D O2 (the cathode of the second rectifying diode D O2 ), the second One end of the coupled inductor L 2C is coupled to the coupling of the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second filter capacitor C O2 .
Referring to FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 , when the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 to be simultaneously turned on, the current paths of the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 are the same as those in the above embodiment. An inductor L 1 forms a first loop I similarly to the first switch S 1 , and a second loop L 2 and a second switch S 2 form a second loop II. The power source V IN will be the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 Carry out energy storage. The difference is that, at this time, the first coupled inductor L 1C induces current and discharges energy by the energy storage of the first inductor L 1 , the first coupled inductor L 1C , the first rectifying diode D O1 , and the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second coupled inductor L 2C form a seventh loop VII, and the first filter capacitor C O1 performs energy storage; likewise, the second coupled inductor L 2C induces current by energy storage of the second inductor L 2 , And releasing energy along an eighth loop VIII formed by the second coupled inductor L 2C , the second filter capacitor C O2 , the second rectifier diode D O2 , and the first coupled inductor L 1C , and the second filter capacitor C O2 Will carry out energy storage.
Referring to FIG. 10 and FIG. 12, when the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 to be non-conductive and the second switch S 2 to be conductive, the first inductor L 1 , the clamp diode D 1 , the energy storage device C b1 and The second switch S 2 forms a third loop III, and the first inductor L 1 releases its stored energy and is stored in the energy storage element C b1 through the clamp diode D 1 . At this time, the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 still form the second loop II, the second coupled inductor L 2C , the second filter capacitor C O2 , the second rectifier diode D O2 , and the first coupled inductor L 1C . The eighth loop VIII is still formed such that the second inductor L 2 continues to store energy and the second coupled inductor L 2C continues to discharge energy.
Referring to FIGS. 10 and 13, when the control circuit 20 controls the first switch S 1 is turned on when the second switch S 2 and the non-conducting, the second inductor L 2, the energy storage element C b1, the output D O, and an output diode The capacitor C O forms a fourth loop IV, the power source V IN , the second inductor L 2 and the energy storage element C b1 release energy to the output capacitor C O , and at the same time, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 still form The first loop I, the first coupled inductor L 1C , the first rectifying diode D O1 , the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second coupled inductor L 2C still form a seventh loop VII, so that the first inductor L 1 continues to store energy The first coupled inductor L 1C is continuously discharged.
In particular, in the present embodiment, the output capacitor C O and the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second filter capacitor C O2 simultaneously release energy to the load R L , which further increases the voltage of the input power source V IN . The voltage gain is as follows:
Where D is the duty ratio of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 , N 1 is the turns ratio of the first inductor L 1 and the first coupled inductor L 1C , and N 2 is the second inductor L 2 and the second The turns ratio of the two coupled inductors L 2C . In practice, the turns ratio between the first inductor L 1 and the first coupled inductor L 1C is the same as the turns ratio between the second inductor L 2 and the second coupled inductor L 2C (ie, N 1 =N 2 = N) for easy control. Therefore, the voltage gain can be simplified to
Therefore, the boost converter circuit 10 can achieve a higher boost ratio through the lower duty ratios of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 , thereby not only greatly reducing the conduction loss and switching loss of the switch, but also The loss caused by the reverse recovery of the output diode D O is reduced, so that the overall conversion efficiency is improved. In addition, the first switch S 1 , the second switch S 2 and the clamp diode D 1 have low voltage stress characteristics, can have higher reliability and high power conversion efficiency, and the auxiliary boosting unit 30 and the induction boosting circuit 40 does not need to pass any active circuit control, which can save the manufacturing cost of the boost converter 100.
Referring to FIG. 14, a fifth embodiment of a boost converter of the present invention includes a boost converter circuit 10, a control circuit 20, and an inductive boost circuit 40. In this embodiment, the components in the boost converter circuit 10 and the control circuit 20 and their connection relationships and functions are the same as the second embodiment. The components in the inductive booster circuit 40 and their connection relationships and functions are the same as the fourth embodiment. Therefore, do not add more details.
Similarly, when the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 are simultaneously turned on, each component state is like the fourth embodiment, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 form a first loop I, and the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 form a second loop II, and the first coupled inductor L 1C , the first rectifying diode D O1 , the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second coupled inductor L 2C form a seventh loop VII, The second coupled inductor L 2C , the second filter capacitor C O2 , the second rectifier diode D O2 , and the first coupled inductor L 1C form an eighth loop VIII, and the power source V IN will be the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 The energy storage is performed, and the first coupled inductor L 1C stores the first filter capacitor C O1 , and the second coupled inductor L 2C stores the second filter capacitor C O2 .
When the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is conductive, the first inductor L 1 , the first clamp diode D 1 , the first energy storage component C b1 and the second switch S 2 are The second embodiment forms a fifth loop V, the first clamp diode D 1 will be turned on, so that the first inductor L 1 stores energy to the first energy storage component C b1 , and the second energy storage component C b2 will The energy is released to the output capacitor C O . In addition, the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 still form the second loop II, and the second coupled inductor L 2C , the second filter capacitor C O2 , the second rectifier diode D O2 , and the first coupled inductor L 1C are still The eighth loop VIII is formed such that the second inductor L 2 continues to store energy and the second coupled inductor L 2C continues to discharge energy.
When the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the second inductor L 2 , the first energy storage device C b1 , the second clamp diode D 2 , the output diode D O and The output capacitor C O will form the sixth loop VI as in the second embodiment, the power source power V IN , the second inductor L 2 and the first energy storage component C b1 release energy to the output capacitor C O , and the first inductor L 1 will The energy is released and stored in the second energy storage element C b2 . In addition, the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 still form the first loop I, and the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 still form the first loop I, the first coupled inductor L 1C , the first rectifier II The pole body D O1 , the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second coupling inductor L 2C still form the seventh loop VII, so that the first inductor L 1 continues to store energy, and the first coupled inductor L 1C continues to discharge energy.
Similarly, the output capacitor C O of the embodiment and the first filter capacitor C O1 and the second filter capacitor C O2 simultaneously release energy to the load R L to further increase the voltage of the input power source V IN , and the voltage gain thereof is as follows :
Wherein, the first inductance L 1 and the first coupling inductance L 1C , and the second inductance L 2 and the second coupling inductance L 2C have the same turns ratio, that is, N 1 =N 2 =N.
Referring to FIG. 15, a sixth embodiment of a boost converter of the present invention includes a boost converter circuit 10, a control circuit 20, and an inductive boost circuit 40. In the present embodiment, the components in the boost converter circuit 10 and the control circuit 20 and their connection relationships and functions are the same as the third embodiment. The components in the inductive booster circuit 40 and their connection relationships and functions are as in the fourth embodiment. Therefore, do not add more details.
Therefore, when the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 are simultaneously turned on, the power source V IN stores energy for the first inductor L 1 and the second inductor L 2 , and the first coupled inductor L 1C A filter capacitor C O1 performs energy storage, and a second coupled inductor L 2C stores energy for the second filter capacitor C O2 .
When the first switch S 1 is non-conductive and the second switch S 2 is conductive, the energy of the first inductor L 1 is released to the energy storage coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 . An element (the first energy storage element C b1 and the third energy storage element C b3 ) and coupled to the energy storage element of the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 (the second energy storage component C b2 ) ) will release its energy to the output capacitor C O . At the same time, the second coupled inductor L 2C is continuously discharged to the second filter capacitor C O2 .
When the first switch S 1 is turned on and the second switch S 2 is non-conductive, the energy storage element coupled to the coupling of the second inductor L 2 and the second switch S 2 (the first energy storage component C b1 and The third energy storage component C b3 ) releases its energy to the output capacitor C O , and the first inductor L 1 releases energy and is stored at the coupling of the first inductor L 1 and the first switch S 1 . Energy storage element (second energy storage element C b2 ). At the same time, the first coupled inductor L 1C is continuously discharged to the first filter capacitor C O1 . Therefore, the voltage boosting effect can still be achieved, and the voltage gain of the boost converter circuit 10 of the embodiment is as follows:
16 is a characteristic diagram of voltage gains of the fourth to sixth embodiments of the boost converter circuit 10 of the present invention and the conventional two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit, wherein the horizontal axis is the first switch S 1 and the first The duty ratio of the two switches S 2 , the vertical axis is the voltage gain, L1 is the characteristic curve of the existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit, and L5 to L7 are the boost converter circuits 10 of the fourth to sixth embodiments, respectively. Characteristic curve. It can be seen from the respective curves that the voltage gain of the boost converter circuit 10 according to the embodiments of the present invention is greater than that of the existing boost converter circuit, regardless of the duty ratios of the first switch S 1 and the second switch S 2 . The boost converter device 100 of the present invention can indeed improve the overall conversion efficiency and provide higher voltage output power. The performance comparison between the fourth, fifth and sixth embodiments of the boost converter circuit 10 and the existing two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit is as follows:
Table II
In summary, the boost converter device 100 of the present invention achieves high voltage gain requirements by performing a single-stage integrated power conversion by using the auxiliary boost unit 30 to achieve single-stage integrated power conversion. It also has high conversion efficiency. Moreover, the auxiliary boosting unit 30 does not need to pass any active circuit control, which can save the manufacturing cost of the boost converter device 100. In addition, the voltages of the first switch S 1 , the second switch S 2 , and the clamp diode D 1 of the boost converter circuit 10 are much lower than the existing boost converter circuit, so the conduction and switching loss and reverse recovery loss of the circuit components are lost. The problem is reduced to further improve the conversion efficiency, so the object of the present invention can be achieved.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the scope of the invention is not limited thereto, that is, the simple equivalent changes and modifications made by the scope of the invention and the description of the invention are All remain within the scope of the invention patent.
100. . . Boost converter
10. . . Boost converter circuit
20. . . Control circuit
30. . . Auxiliary boost unit
40. . . Induction boost circuit
V IN . . . Power supply
L 1 . . . First inductance
L 2 . . . Second inductance
S 1 . . . First switch
S 2 . . . Second switch
D 1 . . . Clamping diode
D 1 . . . First clamp diode
D 2 . . . Second clamp diode
D 3 . . . Third clamp diode
C b1 . . . Energy storage component
C b1 . . . First energy storage component
C b2 . . . Second energy storage component
C b3 . . . Third energy storage component
D O . . . Output diode
C O . . . Output capacitor
R L . . . load
D O1 . . . First rectifier diode
D O2 . . . Second rectifying diode
L 1C . . . First coupled inductor
L 2C . . . Second coupled inductor
C O1 . . . First filter capacitor
C O2 . . . Second filter capacitor
1 is a circuit diagram showing a conventional two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit;
Figure 2 is a circuit diagram showing a first embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention;
3 is a diagram showing current flow of the first loop and the second loop when the first switch and the second switch are simultaneously turned on in the boost converter circuit;
4 is a diagram showing current flow of the second loop and the third loop when the first switch in the boost converter circuit is non-conducting and the second switch is turned on;
5 is a diagram showing current flows of the first loop and the fourth loop when the first switch of the boost converter circuit is turned on and the second switch is non-conducting;
Figure 6 is a circuit diagram showing a second embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention;
Figure 7 is a circuit diagram showing a third embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention;
Figure 8 is a characteristic diagram showing voltage gains of the first to third embodiments of the boost converter device of the present invention and the conventional two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit;
Figure 9 is a waveform diagram for explaining input power supply voltage, output voltage, and output diode voltage across the third embodiment;
Figure 10 is a circuit diagram showing a fourth embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention;
11 is a diagram showing current flows of the first loop, the second loop, the seventh loop, and the eighth loop when the first switch and the second switch are simultaneously turned on in the boost converter circuit;
12 is a diagram showing current flows of the second loop, the third loop, and the eighth loop when the first switch of the boost converter circuit is non-conducting and the second switch is turned on;
13 is a diagram showing current flows of the first loop, the fourth loop, and the seventh loop when the first switch of the boost converter circuit is turned on and the second switch is non-conducting;
Figure 14 is a circuit diagram showing a fifth embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention;
Figure 15 is a circuit diagram showing a sixth embodiment of the boost converter of the present invention; and
Fig. 16 is a characteristic diagram showing voltage gains of the fourth to sixth embodiments of the boost converter of the present invention and the conventional two-phase interleaved boost converter circuit.
100. . . Boost converter
10. . . Boost converter circuit
20. . . Control circuit
30. . . Auxiliary boost unit
V IN . . . Power supply
L 1 . . . First inductance
L 2 . . . Second inductance
S 1 . . . First switch
S 2 . . . Second switch
D 1 . . . Clamping diode
C b1 . . . Energy storage component
D O . . . Output diode
C O . . . Output capacitor
R L . . . load

Claims (10)

  1. A boost conversion circuit for receiving a power supply and boosting the power supply to a load, the boost conversion circuit comprising: a first inductor, wherein one end receives the power supply; and a first switch The first inductor is coupled to the other end of the first inductor; a second inductor, wherein one end receives the power supply; a second switch coupled to the other end of the second inductor; a first clamp diode, An anode is electrically connected to the coupling of the first inductor and the first switch, and a cathode thereof is coupled to the load; a first energy storage component, wherein one end is electrically connected to the second inductor and the second switch a coupling, wherein the other end is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode; and the at least one second energy storage component is electrically connected to the first inductor and the first switch; When a switch and the second switch are both on, the power supply stores energy to the first inductor and the second inductor. When the first switch is non-conductive and the second switch is conductive, the first inductor The energy is released to the first energy storage element, When the switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the second inductor and the first energy storage component are discharged and supplied to the load; and, one of the first switch and the second switch is When the conduction is turned on and the other is not turned on, one of the first energy storage element and the second energy storage element is released to the load.
  2. The boost converter circuit of claim 1, further comprising an output diode coupled between the first clamp diode and the load And an output capacitor coupled to the cathode of the output diode, the anode of the output diode is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode, and the cathode of the output diode is coupled to the cathode load.
  3. The boost converter circuit of claim 1, further comprising a second clamp diode coupled between the first clamp diode and the load, the second clamp diode The anode of the body is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode, the cathode is coupled to the load, and one end of the second energy storage component is coupled to the coupling of the first inductor and the first switch. The other end is coupled to the cathode of the second clamp diode. When the first switch is non-conductive and the second switch is conductive, the second energy storage component is discharged to the load. When the switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the first inductor releases its energy to the two energy storage elements.
  4. The boost converter circuit of claim 3, further comprising an output diode coupled between the second clamp diode and the load, and a coupled to the output diode The output capacitor of the cathode is coupled to the cathode of the second clamp diode, and the cathode of the output diode is coupled to the load.
  5. The boost converter circuit according to claim 2 or 4, further comprising an inductive booster circuit, the inductive booster circuit comprising: a first rectifying diode; a second rectifying diode, the A rectifying diode and the second rectifying diode are coupled between the output diode and the load, a cathode of the first rectifying diode is coupled to the load, and the second rectifying diode is An anode is coupled to the cathode of the output diode, and a cathode thereof is coupled to the first An anode of the current diode; a first filter capacitor, one end of which is coupled to the cathode of the first rectifying diode; and a second filter capacitor, wherein one end is coupled to the other end of the first filter capacitor, the second The other end of the filter capacitor is coupled to the anode of the second rectifying diode; a first coupled inductor forms a transformer with the first inductor, and one end is coupled to the cathode of the second rectifying diode; a second coupled inductor is coupled to the second inductor to form another transformer, and one end is coupled to the other end of the first coupled inductor, and the other end of the second coupled inductor is coupled to the first filter capacitor and the first a coupling of the second filter capacitor; wherein, when the first switch is turned on, the first coupled inductor is discharged to the first filter capacitor, and when the second switch is turned on, the second coupled inductor is released to The second filter capacitor, when the first switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the first filter capacitor and the second filter capacitor are discharged to the load.
  6. A boost converter device for receiving a power supply and boosting the power supply to a load, the boost converter includes: a control circuit; and a boost converter circuit including a first inductor One end receives the power supply; a first switch is coupled to the other end of the first inductor; a second inductor, wherein one end receives the power supply; a second switch is coupled to the other end of the second inductor, and the first switch and the second switch are respectively turned on and off by the control circuit Inter-switching; a first clamping diode having an anode electrically coupled to the first inductor and the first switch, a cathode coupled to the load; a first energy storage component, wherein one end is electrically Connected to the second inductor and the second switch, wherein the other end is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode; and the at least one second energy storage component is electrically connected to the first An inductor and the first switch; wherein, when the first switch and the second switch are both on, the power supply stores energy to the first inductor and the second inductor, and the first switch is non-conductive and the When the second switch is turned on, the first inductor releases its energy to the first energy storage component, and when the first switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the second inductor and the first energy storage The component is released and supplied to the load; and, corresponding to the first switch and Wherein one is turned on and the other of the second switch is not turned on, the first energy storage element and a release element in the second energy storage to the load.
  7. The boost converter device of claim 6, wherein the boost converter circuit further includes an output diode coupled between the first clamp diode and the load, and a coupling Connected to the output diode The anode of the output diode is coupled to the cathode of the first clamping diode, and the cathode of the output diode is coupled to the load.
  8. The boost converter device of claim 6, wherein the boost converter circuit further includes a second clamp diode coupled between the first clamp diode and the load, The anode of the second clamp diode is coupled to the cathode of the first clamp diode, the cathode is coupled to the load, and one end of the second energy storage component is coupled to the first inductor and the first a coupling of a switch, wherein the other end is coupled to the cathode of the second clamp diode, and when the first switch is non-conductive and the second switch is conductive, the second energy storage component is released to The load releases the energy to the two energy storage elements when the first switch is conductive and the second switch is non-conductive.
  9. The boost converter device of claim 8, wherein the boost converter circuit further includes an output diode coupled between the second clamp diode and the load, and a coupling An anode of the output diode is coupled to the cathode of the second clamping diode, and a cathode of the output diode is coupled to the load.
  10. The boost converter device of claim 7 or 9, wherein the boost converter circuit further includes an inductive booster circuit, the inductive booster circuit comprising: a first rectifying diode; a second a rectifying diode, the first rectifying diode and the second rectifying diode are coupled between the output diode and the load, and a cathode of the first rectifying diode is coupled to the load, The anode of the second rectifying diode a cathode coupled to the cathode of the output diode, the cathode of which is coupled to the anode of the first rectifying diode; a first filter capacitor, wherein one end is coupled to the cathode of the first rectifying diode; a filter capacitor, wherein one end is coupled to the other end of the first filter capacitor, and the other end of the second filter capacitor is coupled to the anode of the second rectifying diode; a first coupled inductor is formed with the first inductor a transformer, wherein one end is coupled to the cathode of the second rectifying diode; and a second coupled inductor forms another transformer with the second inductor, and one end is coupled to the other end of the first coupled inductor The other end of the second coupled inductor is coupled to the coupling of the first filter capacitor and the second filter capacitor. The first coupled inductor is discharged to the first when the first switch is turned on. a filter capacitor, when the second switch is turned on, the second coupled inductor is discharged to the second filter capacitor, and when the first switch is turned on and the second switch is non-conductive, the first filter capacitor and The second filter capacitor is released to the negative .
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