TWI442663B - Intelligent microgrid control system and intelligent electricity management method - Google Patents

Intelligent microgrid control system and intelligent electricity management method Download PDF

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TWI442663B
TWI442663B TW100142164A TW100142164A TWI442663B TW I442663 B TWI442663 B TW I442663B TW 100142164 A TW100142164 A TW 100142164A TW 100142164 A TW100142164 A TW 100142164A TW I442663 B TWI442663 B TW I442663B
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electricity
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TW201322578A (en
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Ming Kuang Lu
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Description

智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法Smart microgrid management and control system and smart power management method
一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,該智慧微電網管控系統包括:一控制器、複數迴路監控副機、一伺服器、一電錶、及一電池所組成。其具備用電安全、用電過載警告、及用電異常警告等功能。同時具備雲端服務之功能,可將各項耗能設施的運作狀況資料傳送至雲端伺服器,使用者可透過上網設備遠端遙控各項耗能設施之運轉及使用,達到智能管理的效果。A smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, the smart microgrid control system comprises: a controller, a plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, a server, an electric meter, and a battery. It has functions such as power safety, power overload warning, and power abnormal warning. At the same time, it has the function of cloud service, which can transmit the operation status data of various energy-consuming facilities to the cloud server. Users can remotely control the operation and use of various energy-consuming facilities through the remote control of the Internet device to achieve intelligent management effect.
傳統之配電盤通常係將單一類別設備之電路開關進行線路控制的配置設施,其將電力迴路的開關集中於一盒內做一分路,在用電超載時形成短路保護之功能。由於其集中配置的多為相同作用的設備,因此僅能對相同類別的電器或耗能設施進行開關的線路控制,並無對電力之外的其他技術與功能作進一步的延伸,對其整體的功能而言較為薄弱。The traditional switchboard is usually a configuration device that performs circuit control of circuit switches of a single type of equipment. It concentrates the switches of the power circuit in one box to make a branch, and forms a short-circuit protection function when the power is overloaded. Because it is mostly equipped with the same function, it can only switch the line control of the same type of electrical appliances or energy-consuming facilities, and there is no further extension of other technologies and functions other than power. Functionally weak.
而該傳統配電盤內所採用的無熔絲開關,由於並未採集用電資訊,因此通常係以物理熱感之方式跳脫斷路,並採額定電流量分類,流過必須大於額定電流才會動作,過載電流愈大跳脫斷路速度愈短,對於小於額定電流之異常用電是毫無功能可言,對於等於或稍大於額定電流的電流流過,跳脫斷路時間過長,因此嚴格來說,過載保護能力不足,短路保護能力或許尚可,由於沒有自我功能診斷能力,因此無法分辨好壞,安全實在堪慮。由於該配電盤無法採集用電資訊,因此多以末端電器設備特性來做用電迴路之分類,如空調、照明、插座用電迴路或是特定電器專用迴路等,以此配置法則當作未來用電總量之預測方式,並依此做為迴路過載保護的設計依據,所以同一區域會有重覆配線,浪費建置成本及有限天然資源等缺點。However, the fuseless switch used in the conventional switchboard does not collect power consumption information, so it is usually tripped in a physical thermal sense, and the rated current is classified, and the flow must be greater than the rated current. The greater the overload current, the shorter the trip speed is. For abnormal power consumption less than the rated current, there is no function. For a current equal to or slightly larger than the rated current, the tripping time is too long, so strictly speaking The overload protection capability is insufficient, and the short-circuit protection capability may be acceptable. Because there is no self-function diagnosis capability, it is impossible to distinguish between good and bad, and safety is really worrying. Since the switchboard cannot collect power consumption information, the characteristics of the end electrical equipment are often used to classify the power circuit, such as air conditioning, lighting, socket power circuit or specific electrical circuit, etc., and the configuration rule is used as future power consumption. The method of forecasting the total amount is used as the design basis for loop overload protection. Therefore, there will be repeated wiring in the same area, which wastes the cost of construction and limited natural resources.
另外,該傳統配電盤並無內建運算及監控能力,因此無法避免用戶因專業知識不足而造成的使用浪費,以及人為無法控制的環境動態改變因素所造成之使用效率低落,既不節能也無法減碳。同時該傳統配電盤內亦無對外通訊能力,除無法解決「不患寡而患不均」的供電現況,也不能開發各式聯網用電之創新應用。In addition, the traditional switchboard has no built-in computing and monitoring capabilities, so it is impossible to avoid the waste of use caused by insufficient professional knowledge and the use efficiency caused by uncontrollable environmental dynamics. It is neither energy efficient nor can it be reduced. carbon. At the same time, there is no external communication capability in the traditional switchboard. Apart from the inability to solve the current situation of "no worries and unevenness", it is impossible to develop innovative applications for various types of connected electricity.
此外,該傳統配電盤僅具備電力分支傳輸功能,無法提供動態路由交換之管理能力,因此只有單一電力來源,除停電時沒有自動轉換至備載電源能力之外,亦無法即時選擇成本最低的路由,降低用電成本。In addition, the traditional power distribution board only has the power branch transmission function, and cannot provide the management capability of the dynamic route exchange. Therefore, there is only a single power source, and the power conversion capability is not automatically switched to the backup power source capability, and the lowest cost route cannot be selected immediately. Reduce the cost of electricity.
傳統之電錶只針對測量電源而設計,其作用通常只有用在將其所測量的用電結果供電力公司計算電費帳單,其功能表現上較單純,僅侷限於用電測量,並不具備資訊通訊功能,也沒有發展相關應用程式連接外部系統做進階的智慧管理之技術呈現。The traditional electric meter is only designed for the measurement of the power supply. Its function is usually only used to calculate the electricity bill by the power supply company. The function is simpler and only limited to electricity measurement. It does not have information. Communication functions, and there is no technology development for developing related applications to connect external systems for advanced intelligent management.
市面上的一般電網架構係連接供應端和用戶端之供電網路,由發電系統,輸電系統及配電系統構成,其作用主要係作為電力的傳輸與分配,不含括其他與耗能相關的硬體設備,或是智慧化的用電管理設備。也因其只做為供電,輸電和配電的網路連結,其內部架構只處理與傳輸電力有關的功能,無法在用電方面做更細微的效能表現,亦無法在其他的能耗方面的功效做發揮。The general grid architecture on the market is a power supply network connecting the supply end and the customer end. It consists of a power generation system, a transmission system and a power distribution system. Its function is mainly as the transmission and distribution of power, and does not include other energy-related hard Physical equipment, or intelligent power management equipment. Because it is only used as a network connection for power supply, transmission and distribution, its internal structure only deals with functions related to transmitting power, and cannot perform more subtle performance in terms of power consumption, and cannot be used in other energy consumption effects. Do play.
而傳統之配電盤,電錶或是電網幾乎不具備雲端功能,後續維運及升級上成本高也較不容易,亦無法開發各式聯網用電之創新應用,此為另一項之缺失。Traditional switchboards, electricity meters or power grids have almost no cloud functions, and the cost of subsequent maintenance and upgrades is not easy. It is also impossible to develop innovative applications for various types of networked power. This is another missing.
本發明主要係針對前述習知的配電盤、電錶、電網架構等個別之缺點,所為之全新創作。The present invention is mainly directed to the above-mentioned conventional shortcomings of the switchboard, the electric meter, the power grid architecture, and the like, and is newly created.
本發明之第一目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,其係將配電盤、電錶、電網架構等相互整合,以達到智能管理的效果者。The first object of the present invention is a smart micro-grid control system and a smart power management method, which integrates a power distribution panel, an electricity meter, a power grid architecture, and the like to achieve an intelligent management effect.
本發明之第二目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,其係將用電數位化,讓使用者可透過與區域網路的連結,將電力與用電資訊做交換和傳輸。The second object of the present invention is a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, which digitally digitizes electricity, so that users can exchange power and electricity information through the connection with the regional network. transmission.
本發明之第三目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,其將各項備集中管理,除了節省空間,亦可提升其美觀。The third object of the present invention is a smart micro-grid control system and a smart power management method, which can centrally manage various items, and save space and enhance the appearance thereof.
本發明之第四目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係能夠進行用量管理,讓用電需求在成本管理上做更細部的調整,形成最適合的用電節能計畫,藉以降低用電成本。The fourth object of the present invention is a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, which is capable of performing quantity management, allowing the power demand to be more finely adjusted in cost management, and forming a most suitable power consumption energy saving plan. In order to reduce the cost of electricity.
本發明之第五目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係能夠進行需量管理之錯峰應用,以改善尖峰用電之患不均的困擾,讓供電方在發電設施及電能使用上能更有效率。The fifth object of the present invention is a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, which is capable of performing peak demand application of demand management, so as to improve the trouble of uneven peak power consumption, and let the power supply party be in the power generation facility. And the use of electrical energy can be more efficient.
本發明之第六目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係具備用電安全、能夠進行用電過載管理、及用電異常管理。The sixth object of the present invention is a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, which are provided with power safety, power overload management, and power abnormality management.
本發明之第七目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係具備標準化之系統設計,可讓合作廠商提升施工效率,進而降低成本支出。The seventh object of the present invention is a smart micro-grid control system and a smart power management method, which has a standardized system design, which enables the cooperation manufacturer to improve the construction efficiency and thereby reduce the cost.
本發明之第八目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係具備安裝方便,設備維護拆卸容易。The eighth object of the present invention is a smart micro-grid control system and a smart power management method, which are easy to install and easy to maintain and disassemble.
本發明之第九目的,係一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,係具備雲端服務之功能,達到集中或群組智能管理的效果,並可大幅降低末端管控設備的成本。The ninth object of the present invention is a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method, which has the function of cloud service, achieves the effect of centralized or group intelligent management, and can greatly reduce the cost of the end management equipment.
為了達成本發明,本發明一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,該智慧微電網管控系統包括:一控制器、複數迴路監控副機、一伺服器、一電錶、及一電池所組成;其中,該複數迴路監控副機,一端連接耗能設備迴路,另一端連接控制器;該控制器,一端連接該複數迴路監控副機,另一端分別連接一伺服器及一電錶;該伺服器,用於傳送各項耗能設備之運轉狀況及用電讀值;該電錶,顯示出用電數值;該電池,係分別連接該伺服器及電錶,藉以提供電力;其係藉由該複數迴路監控副機分別監控各項耗能設備,並讀取該等設備迴路之用電資料,而該一控制器則管控該複數迴路監控副機,並將迴路監控副機所獲得之耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值等資訊,藉由該一伺服器加以傳送,使用者透過電腦或手機,即可在雲端平台讀取該伺服器所傳送之各項耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值,並進行監控和管理者。In order to achieve the present invention, the invention provides a smart microgrid control system and a smart power management method. The smart microgrid control system comprises: a controller, a plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, a server, an electric meter, and a battery. The multi-loop monitoring auxiliary machine has one end connected to the energy-consuming device circuit and the other end connected to the controller; the controller is connected at one end to the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines, and at the other end to a server and an electric meter respectively; the server For transmitting the operating condition and the electrical reading value of each energy-consuming device; the electricity meter displays the power consumption value; the battery is connected to the server and the electricity meter respectively to provide power; and the plurality of circuits are The monitoring auxiliary machine separately monitors various energy-consuming devices and reads the power consumption data of the circuit of the devices, and the controller controls the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines, and operates the energy-consuming equipment obtained by the circuit monitoring auxiliary machine. The information such as the status and the power reading value is transmitted by the server, and the user can read the server and transmit the information on the cloud platform through the computer or the mobile phone. Key energy-consuming equipment operating conditions and electrical readings, and monitoring and management.
另外,該智慧微電網管控系統亦包括:一控制器、複數迴路監控副機、一伺服器、一電錶、及一電池所組成;其中,該複數迴路監控副機,其一端透過微電網及訊號網分別連接耗能設備迴路,另一端連接控制器;該控制器,一端連接該複數迴路監控副機,另一端分別連接一伺服器及一電錶;該伺服器,其另一端藉由寬頻數據機與區域網路連線;該電錶,顯示出用電數值;該電池,係分別連接該伺服器及電錶,藉以提供電力;其係藉由該複數迴路監控副機分別監控各項耗能設備,並讀取該等設備迴路之用電資料,而該一控制器則管控該複數迴路監控副機,並將迴路監控副機所獲得之耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值等資訊,藉由該一伺服器傳送至區域網路,其得以將建築中之耗能設備迴路,及提供電力之電廠業者和電網業者,兩者加以連結,並依據所獲取之資訊,由遠端電腦進行進一步之監控及管理者。In addition, the smart microgrid control system further comprises: a controller, a plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, a server, an electric meter, and a battery; wherein the plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, one end of which passes through the micro grid and the signal The network is respectively connected to the energy-consuming device loop, and the other end is connected to the controller; the controller is connected to the plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines at one end, and the other end is connected to a server and an electric meter respectively; the server is connected to the other end by a broadband data machine Connected to the local area network; the meter displays the value of the electricity; the battery is connected to the server and the meter respectively to provide power; and the plurality of energy monitoring devices are separately monitored by the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines. And reading the power consumption data of the circuit of the equipment, and the controller controls the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines, and the information about the operation state of the energy-consuming equipment and the power reading value obtained by the circuit monitoring auxiliary machine is The server is transmitted to the regional network, which connects the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building, and the power plant and the power grid provider, and obtains The information for further monitoring and management of the remote computer.
而該智慧用電管理方法包括:用電安全管理及用電效率管理,其中,該用電安全管理包含用電過載管理及用電異常管理;該用電效率管理包含用量管理及需量管理;該用電過載管理,可提供使用者自行定義不同區域之過載跳脫門檻,一旦發生過載保護設備故障或用電過載情況,系統將立刻透過簡訊或電郵等方式通知管理者,必要時切斷該迴路電源,避免災害發生;該用電異常管理,係監控各項耗能設備之電紋及數值資料,將耗能設備實際使用所產生之電紋,與正常運作之電紋資料作比對,可立即判斷所監控係何種耗能設備,及該耗能設備是否正常運作,若發生異常情況可立即通知管理者進行檢查及維修等處理;該用量管理,係將建築內所連接的各項耗能設備,其運作狀況資料,在建立最低成本路由之後可傳送至雲端伺服器,使用者透過上網設備得知設備的用電資訊之後,即可根據電力公司的動態費率,依時段來訂定尖峰離峰個別的用電門檻,或者與電力公司簽訂契約容量,形成最適合的用電節能計畫,藉以降低用電成本;該需量管理,使用者可以參考電力公司供電收費的信價比,適時將電力做儲存與買賣,達到電能利用之最佳效能和最佳品質者。The smart power management method includes: power safety management and power efficiency management, wherein the power safety management includes power overload management and power abnormality management; the power efficiency management includes usage management and demand management; The power overload management can provide users with self-defined overload trip thresholds in different areas. In the event of overload protection equipment failure or power overload, the system will immediately notify the administrator via SMS or email, and cut off if necessary. The loop power supply avoids the occurrence of disasters; the abnormal power management is to monitor the electric traces and numerical data of various energy-consuming equipments, and compare the electric patterns generated by the actual use of the energy-consuming equipment with the normal operation of the electric-grain data. It can immediately judge what kind of energy-consuming equipment is monitored and whether the energy-consuming equipment is in normal operation. If abnormal conditions occur, the manager can be notified immediately for inspection and maintenance; the usage management is to connect the various items connected in the building. Energy-consuming equipment, its operational status data can be transmitted to the cloud server after establishing the lowest cost route, and the user can obtain the After the power consumption information of the equipment, according to the dynamic rate of the power company, the individual power grid thresholds of peaks and peaks can be set according to the time period, or the contract capacity can be signed with the power company to form the most suitable power consumption energy-saving plan. Reduce the cost of electricity; the demand management, users can refer to the power company's power supply price ratio, timely storage and trading of electricity, to achieve the best performance and best quality of power utilization.
本發明一種智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,請參閱圖式第一圖所示,係該智慧微電網管控系統之方塊示意圖。該智慧微電網管控系統(10)包括:一控制器(12)、複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)、一伺服器(16)、一電池(17)、及一電錶(18)等所組成。該第一迴路監控副機(13)一端連接照明設備迴路(31),另一端連接控制器(12),藉以監控照明設備迴路(31)之運作狀況;同樣,該第二迴路監控副機(14)一端連接空調設備迴路(32),另一端連接控制器(12),藉以監控空調設備迴路(32)之運作狀況;該第三迴路監控副機(15)一端連接插座設備迴路(33),另一端連接控制器(12),藉以監控插座設備迴路(33)之運作狀況。藉由該複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)分別監控使用者之耗能設備,並讀取用電資料,而本實施例係以三組迴路監控副機加以舉例說明,惟並非用於限制本發明。該複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)一端連結耗能設備,另一端連接控制器(12)。該控制器(12),一端連接該複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15),另一端分別連接一伺服器(16)及一電錶(18)。一電池(17)分別連接該伺服器(16)及電錶(18),藉以提供電力。其中,該複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)係用以分別監控各項耗能設備,並讀取該等設備迴路之用電資料,而該一控制器(12)則管控該複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15),並將迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)所獲得之耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值等資訊,藉由該一伺服器(16)加以傳送,同時電錶(18)則顯示出用電數值,而電池(17)則提供伺服器(16)、電錶(18)等裝置所需之電力。使用者透過電腦或手機,即可在雲端平台讀取該伺服器(16)所傳送之各項耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值,並運用排程管理,環境參數,需量管理和目標管理等應用程式界面(API),使用者即可對其設備做更進階之操作。透過電腦或手機上網,使用者即可即時得知其設備狀態,或是進行監控,或是執行設備運作效率相關的功能,達到智能管理的效果。另外,可以將該控制器(12)、複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)、伺服器(16)、電池(17)、電錶(18)等集中收納於一處,例如利用一控制盒加以集中收納,形成一智慧微電網管控系統(10),如圖示之虛線所示,除了可以增加整體之美觀,亦可以避免占用太多之空間,增加其使用上之方便性。The invention relates to a smart micro-grid control system and a smart power management method, which is shown in the first figure of the figure, which is a block diagram of the smart micro-grid control system. The smart microgrid control system (10) comprises: a controller (12), a plurality of loop monitoring assistants (13) (14) (15), a server (16), a battery (17), and an electric meter ( 18) Composition. The first loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) is connected to the lighting device circuit (31) at one end and the controller (12) at the other end to monitor the operating condition of the lighting device circuit (31); likewise, the second circuit monitoring auxiliary machine ( 14) One end is connected to the air conditioner circuit (32), and the other end is connected to the controller (12) to monitor the operation condition of the air conditioner circuit (32); the third circuit monitoring auxiliary machine (15) is connected to the socket device circuit (33) The other end is connected to the controller (12) to monitor the operation of the socket device circuit (33). The multi-loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) (14) (15) separately monitors the user's energy-consuming equipment and reads the power consumption data, and the embodiment is illustrated by three sets of loop monitoring auxiliary machines. It is not intended to limit the invention. The complex loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) (14) (15) is connected to the energy consuming device at one end and the controller (12) at the other end. The controller (12) is connected at one end to the plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines (13) (14) (15), and at the other end to a server (16) and an electric meter (18). A battery (17) is connected to the server (16) and the electric meter (18) to provide power. The multi-loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) (14) (15) is used for separately monitoring various energy-consuming devices, and reading the power consumption data of the circuit of the devices, and the controller (12) controls The plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines (13) (14) (15), and the information of the energy consumption equipment operating status and the power reading value obtained by the loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) (14) (15), by the A server (16) transmits, while the meter (18) displays the value of the power, and the battery (17) provides the power required by the server (16), the meter (18), and the like. Through the computer or mobile phone, the user can read the running status and power reading value of the energy-consuming equipment transmitted by the server (16) on the cloud platform, and use scheduling management, environmental parameters, demand management and target. An application interface (API) such as management allows users to perform more advanced operations on their devices. By surfing the Internet through a computer or mobile phone, users can instantly know the status of their devices, monitor them, or perform functions related to device operation efficiency to achieve intelligent management. Further, the controller (12), the plurality of circuit monitoring slaves (13) (14) (15), the server (16), the battery (17), the electric meter (18), and the like can be collectively stored in one place, for example, using A control box is centrally stored to form a smart microgrid control system (10), as shown by the dotted line in the figure, in addition to increasing the overall aesthetics, it can also avoid occupying too much space and increasing the convenience of its use.
本發明之另一實施例,請參閱圖式第二圖所示,係該智慧微電網管控系統之配置示意圖。該智慧微電網管控系統(10)包括:一控制器(12)、複數迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)、一伺服器(16)、一電錶(18)、及一電池(17)等所組成,並將其集中收納於一控制盒內,請同時參閱圖式第一圖。其中,該智慧微電網管控系統(10)之迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15)的一端係透過微電網及訊號網(30)分別連接建築中的耗能設備迴路,例如照明設備迴路(31)、空調設備迴路(32)、插座設備迴路(33)…等,另一端連接控制器(12)。該控制器(12),一端連接該迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15),另一端分別連接一伺服器(16)及一電錶(18)。一電池(17)分別連接該伺服器(16)及電錶(18),藉以提供電力。而該微電網及訊號網(30)另行連接一數位電錶(34),一電源路由器(35)一端連接前述之數位電錶(34),另一端則分別連接公眾電網(36)、自備電力儲存裝置(37)、及自備發電裝置(38)等各種可提供之電力來源,組成一路由管理。藉由該電源路由器(35)之路由管理,使用者可以挑選不同時段,不同電力來源之最低價者,選擇最低成本路由,以降低用電成本。例如白天某一時段公眾電網(36)之電價較高,自備發電裝置(38)(使用者自備之發電裝置,例如太陽能、風力發電…等)電價較低,則選擇自備發電裝置(38)提供建築內各項耗能設備之用電;而夜晚公眾電網(36)電價較低,則改由公眾電網(36)提供電力。而該公眾電網(36)之電力來源,則由電廠業者(41)及電網業者(42)提供。不同之電廠業者(41)所運轉發出之電力,經由電網業者(42)之輸送,透過前述之公眾電網(36)連接至電源路由器(35)。該智慧微電網管控系統(10)、微電網及訊號網(30)、數位電錶(34)、電源路由器(35)、及各種耗能設備迴路等,組成一用戶端之管理平台。另外,該智慧微電網管控系統(10)之伺服器(16)的另一端,則藉由寬頻數據機(51)與區域網路(52)連線,建築中的各項耗能設備運轉狀況及用電續值等資訊,即可由智慧微電網管控系統(10)內之伺服器(16)傳遞至區域網路(52)。而電廠業者(41),例如發電廠;及電網業者(42),例如變電所,亦藉由區域網路(52)與本發明之智慧微電網管控系統(10)連繫。另外,該區域網路(52)則由電信業者(53)加以管理。因此本發明之智慧微電網管控系統(10),得以將建築中之耗能設備迴路,及提供電力之電廠業者及電網業者,兩者加以連結,並依據所獲取之資訊,由遠端電腦進行進一步之監控及管理。亦即由智慧微電網管控系統(10)、微電網及訊號網(30)、建築中之耗能設備迴路等所組成之用戶端之管理平台,與由電信業者(53)、區域網路(52)等所組成之電信基礎建設,及由電廠業者(41)、電網業者(42)等所組成之電力基礎建設,藉由本發明之智慧微電網管控系統(10)得以透過雲端應用管理平台(50)相互連繫,將建築中之耗能設備迴路作智慧化的控制,讓使用者、業者等可透過與區域網路(52)的連結,將電力與用電資訊做交換和傳輸,並進行監控和管理。另外,藉由該智慧微電網管控系統(10)所連接之微電網及訊號網(30),電力之供應方可得知用戶的使用狀況,加以調整供電量;電力之用戶方亦可利用該智慧微電網管控系統(10)所整合的智能設備得知其用電資訊,透過伺服器與網路服務平台溝通,藉由用電目標和用電需量等軟體功能,讓使用者在電能使用上能更具有效率,藉以改善用電之效率。Another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in the second figure of the figure, is a schematic diagram of the configuration of the smart microgrid control system. The smart microgrid control system (10) comprises: a controller (12), a plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines (13) (14) (15), a server (16), an electric meter (18), and a battery ( 17) Make up and store them in a control box. Please refer to the first figure of the drawing. Wherein, one end of the loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13)(14)(15) of the smart microgrid control system (10) is connected to the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building through the micro-grid and the signal network (30), for example, lighting equipment The circuit (31), the air conditioner circuit (32), the socket device circuit (33), etc., and the other end are connected to the controller (12). The controller (12) is connected at one end to the loop monitoring auxiliary machine (13) (14) (15), and at the other end to a server (16) and an electric meter (18). A battery (17) is connected to the server (16) and the electric meter (18) to provide power. The microgrid and the signal network (30) are separately connected to a digital meter (34), one end of the power router (35) is connected to the digital meter (34), and the other end is connected to the public grid (36), and the self-supplied power storage. Various available power sources, such as the device (37) and the self-supplied power generation device (38), constitute a route management. With the routing management of the power router (35), the user can select the lowest price of different time sources and different power sources, and select the lowest cost route to reduce the cost of electricity. For example, when the electricity price of the public power grid (36) is high during a certain period of the day, the self-supplied power generation device (38) (user-owned power generation device, such as solar energy, wind power generation, etc.) has a lower electricity price, and then selects a self-supplied power generation device ( 38) Provide electricity for all energy-consuming equipment in the building; and when the public grid (36) at night has a lower electricity price, the public grid (36) will provide electricity. The power source of the public grid (36) is provided by the power plant (41) and the grid operator (42). The electricity generated by the different power plant operators (41) is connected to the power router (35) via the aforementioned public grid (36) via the grid operator (42). The smart micro-grid control system (10), micro-grid and signal network (30), digital electricity meter (34), power router (35), and various energy-consuming equipment circuits form a management platform for the user terminal. In addition, the other end of the server (16) of the smart microgrid control system (10) is connected to the regional network (52) by the broadband data machine (51), and the operation status of various energy-consuming equipment in the building. And information such as power renewal, can be transmitted to the regional network (52) by the server (16) in the smart microgrid management system (10). Power plant operators (41), such as power plants; and grid operators (42), such as substations, are also connected to the smart microgrid management system (10) of the present invention by a regional network (52). In addition, the regional network (52) is managed by the telecommunications operator (53). Therefore, the smart microgrid control system (10) of the present invention can connect the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building, and the power plant and the power grid provider that provide electricity, and according to the obtained information, the remote computer performs the remote computer. Further monitoring and management. That is, the management platform of the user terminal composed of the smart micro-grid control system (10), the micro-grid and the signal network (30), and the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building, and the telecommunications operator (53) and the regional network ( 52) The telecommunications infrastructure consisting of the same, and the power infrastructure consisting of the power plant (41) and the grid operator (42), through the smart microgrid control system (10) of the present invention can be passed through the cloud application management platform ( 50) Interconnecting, intelligently controlling the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building, allowing users, operators, etc. to exchange and transmit power and electricity information through the connection with the regional network (52), and Monitor and manage. In addition, with the microgrid and signal network (30) connected to the smart microgrid control system (10), the power supply can know the user's usage status and adjust the power supply; the user of the power can also use the power The smart device integrated by the smart microgrid control system (10) learns its power usage information, communicates with the network service platform through the server, and allows the user to use the power through the use of software functions such as power targets and power demand. It can be more efficient, so as to improve the efficiency of electricity use.
其管理方式,請同時參閱圖式第二、三圖所示,第三圖係本發明智慧用電管理方法之方塊示意圖。該智慧用電管理方法(20)包括:用電安全管理(21)及用電效率管理(22),其中,用電安全管理(21)包含用電過載管理(23)及用電異常管理(25)兩大部分;而用電效率管理(22)則包含用量管理(24)及需量管理(26)兩大部分。該用電過載管理(23)可提供使用者根據使用環境之人、事、地、物、時等條件的不同,自行定義不同區域之過載跳脫門檻,系統具備自我診斷以及即時用電監測功能,一旦發生過載保護設備故障或用電過載情況,系統將立刻透過簡訊或電郵等方式通知管理者,必要時切斷該迴路電源,避免災害發生。例如以住家插座迴路來說明,白天人員在家時過載門檻為20安培,當人員外出或晚上睡覺時過載門檻將依時段或事件不同時自動設定為1安培。用電異常管理(25)主要係監控各項耗能設備之電紋及數值等資料,電腦透過預先設置及學習功能安裝各項耗能設備(電器等設備)正常運作之電紋資料,稱為電紋資料庫,透過耗能設備實際使用所產生之電紋與資料庫內電紋比對,可立即判斷所監控係何種耗能設備,及該耗能設備是否正常運作,若發生異常情況可立即通知管理者進行檢查及維修等處理,達到對設備之監控及管理的目的。請同時參閱圖式第四圖所示,該第四圖係該管控系統之電紋比對示意圖。該智慧微電網管控系統(10)之伺服器(16),可以將建築內各項耗能設備之運轉狀況及用電讀值等資訊,藉由寬頻數據機(51)上傳至區域網路(52),由遠端電腦(圖未示)接收之後,即可進行後續之分析、監控、和管理。例如,電腦事先儲存了設備正常運作時之電紋資料,稱為資料庫電紋資料(62),將其與伺服器(16)傳送過來之設備實際電紋(64)作一比對,即可即時知道設備係處於正常或異常之運作狀態,若係處於異常狀態,即可立即對使用者提出警告,讓使用者得以進行後續之檢查、修復等動作,達到對設備之監控及管理等目的。電腦根據電器設備使用之電流及各相關環境感測器紀錄之數值包含安培、℃、百分比等進行長時間收集,並可根據此長期歷史使用資料進行設備運作的比對,一旦耗能設備使用狀況與歷史資料比對出現差異,系統可立即通知管理者進行確認。該耗能設備透過電紋比對的監控就好像可得知耗能設備之心電圖一般,一旦設備任何部分出現異常,系統可立即通知管理者進行該部分維修,以維持耗能設備運行之完善及品質。以一耗能電器設備為例,假設長期電流監測數據顯示其一般運轉電流為3安培,若忽然偵測到其電流讀值為6安培,系統將視為異常狀況並發出告警通知管理人員進行確認。另外,系統亦可根據電紋比對能夠知道所監控之設備為何,使用者可根據環境條件以正面表列方式定義該空間可允許使用之設備,或以負面表列方式設定不允許使用之設備,以提高環境用電安全。例如飯店飯間內,管理者為了房客安全可以負面表列設定禁止使用部分較危險之高負載設備,一旦系統偵測該設備被使用將立刻切斷迴路並通知管理者確認。For the management method, please refer to the second and third figures of the drawing at the same time. The third figure is a block diagram of the smart power management method of the present invention. The smart power management method (20) includes: power safety management (21) and power efficiency management (22), wherein power safety management (21) includes power overload management (23) and power abnormality management ( 25) Two major parts; while electricity efficiency management (22) includes two parts: consumption management (24) and demand management (26). The power overload management (23) can provide users with self-definition thresholds for different areas according to different conditions of people, things, places, objects, time, etc., and the system has self-diagnosis and real-time power monitoring functions. In the event of an overload protection device failure or power overload, the system will immediately notify the manager via SMS or email, and if necessary, cut off the loop power to avoid disasters. For example, the home outlet circuit is used to indicate that the overload threshold is 20 amps during the day when the person is at home. When the person goes out or sleeps at night, the overload threshold will be automatically set to 1 amp depending on the time period or event. Electricity abnormality management (25) mainly monitors the electric ray and numerical data of various energy-consuming equipment. The computer installs various electric energy data (normally operated equipment) through the pre-setup and learning functions. The electro-pattern database can instantly determine which energy-consuming equipment is being monitored and whether the energy-consuming equipment is operating normally through the comparison between the electric patterns generated by the actual use of the energy-consuming equipment and the electric patterns in the database. The manager can be immediately notified to perform inspections and maintenance, etc., to achieve the purpose of monitoring and managing the equipment. Please also refer to the fourth figure of the figure, which is a schematic diagram of the electric pattern comparison of the control system. The server (16) of the smart microgrid control system (10) can upload information such as the operating status and power reading value of various energy-consuming devices in the building to the regional network through the broadband data machine (51) ( 52) After being received by the remote computer (not shown), subsequent analysis, monitoring, and management can be performed. For example, the computer pre-stores the embossed data during normal operation of the device, called the database embossed data (62), and compares it with the actual embossing (64) of the device transmitted by the server (16), ie It can instantly know that the equipment is in normal or abnormal operating state. If it is in an abnormal state, it can immediately warn the user, allowing the user to carry out subsequent inspections, repairs, etc., to achieve monitoring and management of the equipment. . The computer collects the current according to the current used by the electrical equipment and the values recorded by the relevant environmental sensors, including amps, °C, percentage, etc., and can compare the operation of the equipment according to the long-term historical use data, once the energy-consuming equipment is used. Differences with historical data, the system can immediately notify the manager to confirm. The energy-consuming device monitors the electric-gravity comparison as if the ECG of the energy-consuming device is known. Once any part of the device is abnormal, the system can immediately notify the manager to perform the maintenance to maintain the operation of the energy-consuming device. quality. Taking an energy-consuming electrical equipment as an example, it is assumed that the long-term current monitoring data shows that its normal operating current is 3 amps. If the current reading value is suddenly detected to be 6 amps, the system will be regarded as an abnormal condition and an alarm will be issued to notify the manager to confirm. . In addition, the system can also know the equipment to be monitored according to the electric pattern comparison. The user can define the equipment that the space can be allowed to use according to the front surface according to the environmental conditions, or set the equipment that is not allowed to be used in a negative manner. To improve the safety of environmental electricity. For example, in a restaurant room, the manager can negatively set a prohibition to use some of the more dangerous high-load devices for the safety of the tenant. Once the system detects that the device is used, it will immediately cut off the circuit and notify the manager to confirm.
如前所述,該用電效率管理(22)則包含用量管理(24)及需量管理(26)兩大部分。該用量管理(24)係將建築內所連接的各項耗能設備,其運作狀況資料,在建立最低成本路由之後可傳送至雲端伺服器,使用者透過上網設備得知設備的用電資訊之後,即可根據電力公司的動態費率,依時段來訂定尖峰離峰個別的用電門檻,或者與電力公司簽訂契約容量,形成最適合的用電節能計畫,藉以降低用電成本。而需量管理(26)方面,使用者可以參考電力公司供電收費的信價比(供電品質與價值之比值),適時將電力做儲存與買賣,達到電能利用之最佳效能和最佳品質,獲取最佳之經濟效益。As mentioned above, the power efficiency management (22) includes two parts: usage management (24) and demand management (26). The usage management (24) is to transmit the energy consumption equipment connected in the building to the cloud server after establishing the lowest cost route. After the user knows the power consumption information of the equipment through the Internet access device, According to the dynamic rate of the power company, according to the time limit, the individual power thresholds of peaks and peaks can be set, or the contract capacity can be signed with the power company to form the most suitable energy-saving plan for electricity consumption, thereby reducing the cost of electricity consumption. In terms of demand management (26), the user can refer to the power company's power supply price ratio (the ratio of power quality to value), and store and trade the power in time to achieve the best performance and best quality of power utilization. Get the best economic benefits.
因此,本發明之智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,能夠在耗能設備的用電發生過載或異常時,發出警告訊息告知指定的使用者,以便讓使用者即時掌握任何用電安全的異常狀況,具備用電安全、用電過載警告、及用電異常警告等功能。而其整合照明、空調等設備,及電力的基礎功能,提供使用者的安全,效率及便利性,標準化之系統設計,可讓合作廠商提升施工效率,進而降低成本支出。因為該智慧微電網管控系統(10)之設備係集中於一控制盒內,因此安裝方便,設備維護拆卸容易,技術門檻低。而該智慧用電管理方法,其驅動程式標準化,軟體可遠端升級,產品維護容易。此外,該智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法具備雲端服務之功能,可將各項耗能設施的運作狀況資料傳送至雲端伺服器,便利使用者透過上網設備遠端遙控各項耗能設施之運轉及使用,達到智能管理的效果。綜而言之,本發明係將配電盤、電錶、電網架構等相互整合,透過智慧微電網管控系統(10),以達到智能管理的效果者。Therefore, the smart micro-grid control system and the smart power management method of the present invention can issue a warning message to a designated user when the power consumption of the energy-consuming device is overloaded or abnormal, so that the user can immediately grasp any power safety. The abnormal condition includes functions such as power safety, power overload warning, and power failure warning. The integration of lighting, air conditioning and other equipment, and the basic functions of electricity, providing users with safety, efficiency and convenience, standardized system design, allowing partners to improve construction efficiency, thereby reducing costs. Because the equipment of the smart micro-grid control system (10) is concentrated in a control box, the installation is convenient, the equipment maintenance and disassembly is easy, and the technical threshold is low. The smart power management method, the driver is standardized, the software can be upgraded remotely, and the product maintenance is easy. In addition, the smart micro-grid control system and smart power management method have the function of cloud service, which can transmit the operation status data of various energy-consuming facilities to the cloud server, facilitating users to remotely control various energy consumption through the remote control of the Internet device. The operation and use of the facility achieves the effect of intelligent management. In summary, the present invention integrates a power distribution panel, an electricity meter, a power grid architecture, and the like through a smart microgrid management system (10) to achieve an intelligent management effect.
綜上所述,本發明智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法,藉由智慧微電網管控系統之設置,在耗能設備的用電發生過載或異常時,能夠發出警告訊息告知指定的使用者,以便讓使用者即時掌握任何用電安全的異常狀況,具備用電安全、用電過載警告、及用電異常警告等功能,合於產業上之利用性。而該智慧微電網管控系統及智慧用電管理方法具備雲端服務之功能,可將各項耗能設施的運作狀況資料傳送至雲端伺服器,使用者透過上網設備遠端遙控各項耗能設施之運轉及使用,達到智能管理的效果,其較習知技術明顯具有功效之增進,具有進步性。另本發明申請前並未見於刊物,其新穎性亦毋庸置疑。本發明合於專利法之規定,爰依法提出發明專利之申請,祈請惠予審查並賜予專利,實感德便。In summary, the smart micro-grid control system and the smart power management method of the present invention can provide a warning message to the designated use when the power consumption of the energy-consuming device is overloaded or abnormal due to the setting of the smart micro-grid control system. In order to allow the user to immediately grasp any abnormal situation of power safety, and to have functions such as power safety, power overload warning, and power abnormal warning, and to be industrially useful. The smart micro-grid control system and the smart power management method have the function of cloud service, and can transmit the operation status data of various energy-consuming facilities to the cloud server, and the user remotely controls various energy-consuming facilities through the remote device of the Internet device. Operation and use, to achieve the effect of intelligent management, it is significantly more effective than the conventional technology, and is progressive. In addition, the present invention was not found in the publication before the application, and its novelty is also unquestionable. The invention is in accordance with the provisions of the Patent Law, and the application for the invention patent is filed according to law, and the application for review and patent is granted.
(10)...智慧微電網管控系統(10). . . Smart Microgrid Control System
(12)...控制器(12). . . Controller
(13)(14)(15)...迴路監控副機(13)(14)(15). . . Loop monitoring auxiliary machine
(16)...伺服器(16). . . server
(17)...電池(17). . . battery
(18)...電錶(18). . . Electric meter
(20)...智慧用電管理方法(20). . . Smart power management method
(21)...用電安全管理(twenty one). . . Electricity safety management
(22)...用電效率管理(twenty two). . . Power efficiency management
(23)...用電過載管理(twenty three). . . Power overload management
(24)...用量管理(twenty four). . . Usage management
(25)...用電異常管理(25). . . Power anomaly management
(26)...需量管理(26). . . Demand management
(30)...微電網及訊號網(30). . . Microgrid and signal network
(31)...照明設備迴路(31). . . Lighting circuit
(32)...空調設備迴路(32). . . Air conditioning equipment circuit
(33)...插座設備迴路(33). . . Socket device circuit
(34)...數位電錶(34). . . Digital meter
(35)...電源路由器(35). . . Power router
(36)...公眾電網(36). . . Public grid
(37)...自備電力儲存裝置(37). . . Self-provided power storage device
(38)...自備發電裝置(38). . . Self-contained power generation unit
(41)...電廠業者(41). . . Power plant operator
(42)...電網業者(42). . . Grid operator
(50)...雲端應用管理平台(50). . . Cloud application management platform
(51)...寬頻數據機(51). . . Broadband data machine
(52)...區域網路(52). . . Regional network
(53)...電信業者(53). . . Telecommunications operator
(62)...資料庫電紋資料(62). . . Database data
(64)...設備實際電紋(64). . . Actual electric grain of equipment
第一圖係本發明智慧微電網管控系統之方塊示意圖。The first figure is a block diagram of the smart microgrid management and control system of the present invention.
第二圖係本發明智慧微電網管控系統之配置示意圖。The second figure is a schematic diagram of the configuration of the smart microgrid management and control system of the present invention.
第三圖係本發明智慧用電管理方法之方塊示意圖。The third figure is a block diagram of the smart power management method of the present invention.
第四圖係本發明之電紋比對示意圖。The fourth figure is a schematic diagram of the electric pattern comparison of the present invention.
(10)...智慧微電網管控系統(10). . . Smart Microgrid Control System
(30)...微電網及訊號網(30). . . Microgrid and signal network
(31)...照明設備迴路(31). . . Lighting circuit
(32)...空調設備迴路(32). . . Air conditioning equipment circuit
(33)...插座設備迴路(33). . . Socket device circuit
(34)...數位電錶(34). . . Digital meter
(35)...電源路由器(35). . . Power router
(36)...公眾電網(36). . . Public grid
(37)...自備電力儲存裝置(37). . . Self-provided power storage device
(38)...自備發電裝置(38). . . Self-contained power generation unit
(41)...電廠業者(41). . . Power plant operator
(42)...電網業者(42). . . Grid operator
(50)...雲端應用管理平台(50). . . Cloud application management platform
(51)...寬頻數據機(51). . . Broadband data machine
(52)...區域網路(52). . . Regional network
(53)...電信業者(53). . . Telecommunications operator

Claims (5)

  1. 一種智慧微電網管控系統,包括:一控制器、複數迴路監控副機、一伺服器、一電錶、及一電池;其特徵為:該複數迴路監控副機,其一端透過微電網及訊號網分別連接耗能設備迴路,另一端連接控制器;該控制器,一端連接該複數迴路監控副機,另一端分別連接一伺服器及一電錶;該伺服器,其另一端藉由寬頻數據機與區域網路連線;該電錶,顯示出用電數值;該電池,係分別連接該伺服器及電錶,藉以提供電力;其藉由該複數迴路監控副機分別監控各項耗能設備,並讀取該等設備迴路之用電資料,而該一控制器則管控該複數迴路監控副機,並將迴路監控副機所獲得之耗能設備運轉狀況及用電讀值資訊,藉由該一伺服器傳送至區域網路,其得以將建築中之耗能設備迴路,及提供電力之電廠業者和電網業者,兩者加以連結,並依據所獲取之資訊,由遠端電腦進行進一步之監控及管理,而該智慧微電網管控系統、微電網及訊號網、建築中之耗能設備迴路所組成之用戶端之管理平台,與由區域網路所組成之電信基礎建設,及由電廠業者、電網業者所組成之電力基礎建設,則藉由該智慧微電網管控系統得以透過雲端應用管理平台相互連繫,將建築中之耗能設備迴路作智慧化的控制,讓使用者、業者可透過 與區域網路的連結,將電力與用電資訊做交換和傳輸,並進行監控和管理者。 A smart microgrid management and control system comprises: a controller, a plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, a server, an electric meter, and a battery; wherein: the plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, one end of which passes through the micro grid and the signal network respectively The energy-consuming device circuit is connected, and the other end is connected to the controller; the controller is connected to the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines at one end, and the other end is connected to a server and an electric meter; the other end of the server is connected to the area by the broadband data machine and the area The network connection; the electricity meter displays the power consumption value; the battery is connected to the server and the electricity meter respectively to provide power; and the plurality of energy monitoring devices are separately monitored by the plurality of circuit monitoring auxiliary machines, and read The power consumption data of the equipment loops, and the controller controls the plurality of loop monitoring auxiliary machines, and the operation information of the energy-consuming equipment and the power reading information obtained by the loop monitoring auxiliary machine are provided by the server Transferred to the regional network, which links the energy-consuming equipment circuits in the building, and the power plant and grid operators that provide electricity, and based on the information obtained, Remote monitoring and management of the remote computer, and the management platform of the smart micro-grid control system, the micro-grid and signal network, the energy-consuming equipment circuit in the building, and the telecommunications foundation composed of the regional network The construction, and the power infrastructure consisting of power plant operators and power grid operators, through the intelligent microgrid management and control system, can be interconnected through the cloud application management platform to intelligently control the energy-consuming equipment circuits in the building. Users and operators can Linking to the local area network, exchanging and transmitting electricity and electricity information, monitoring and managing.
  2. 一種智慧用電管理方法,包括:用電安全管理及用電效率管理,其中,該用電安全管理包含用電過載管理及用電異常管理;該用電過載管理,可提供使用者自行定義不同區域之過載跳脫門檻,一旦發生過載保護設備故障或用電過載情況,系統將立刻透過簡訊或電郵方式通知管理者,必要時切斷該迴路電源,避免災害發生;該用電異常管理,係監控各項耗能設備之電紋及數值資料,將耗能設備實際使用所產生之電紋,與正常運作之電紋資料作比對,可立即判斷所監控係何種耗能設備,及該耗能設備是否正常運作,若發生異常情況可立即通知管理者進行檢查及維修處理;該用電效率管理包含用量管理及需量管理;該用量管理,係將建築內所連接的各項耗能設備,其運作狀況資料,在建立最低成本路由之後可傳送至雲端伺服器,使用者透過上網設備得知設備的用電資訊之後,即可根據電力公司的動態費率,依時段來訂定尖峰離峰個別的用電門檻,或者與電力公司簽訂契約容量,形成最適合的用電節能計畫,藉以降低用電成本;該需量管理,使用者可以參考電力公司供電收費的信價比,適時將電力做儲存與買賣,達到電能利用之最佳效能和最佳品質 者。 A smart power management method includes: power safety management and power efficiency management, wherein the power safety management includes power overload management and power abnormality management; the power overload management can provide different definitions by users. If the overload protection device fails or the power overload occurs, the system will immediately notify the manager via SMS or email, and if necessary, cut off the loop power to avoid the disaster; Monitor the electric patterns and numerical data of various energy-consuming equipments, compare the electric patterns generated by the actual use of energy-consuming equipment with the normal operation of the electric-grain data, and immediately judge what kind of energy-consuming equipment is monitored and Whether the energy-consuming equipment is in normal operation, if there is an abnormal situation, the manager can be notified immediately for inspection and maintenance; the power efficiency management includes usage management and demand management; the usage management is the energy consumption connected in the building. The device, its operational status data, can be transmitted to the cloud server after establishing the lowest cost route, and the user learns through the Internet device After the power consumption information is prepared, according to the dynamic rate of the power company, the individual power consumption thresholds of peaks and peaks can be set according to the time period, or the contract capacity can be signed with the power company to form the most suitable power consumption energy-saving plan. Reduce the cost of electricity; the demand management, users can refer to the power company's power supply price ratio, timely storage and trading of electricity, to achieve the best performance and best quality of power utilization By.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之一種智慧用電管理方法,其中,該正常運作之電紋資料係事先儲存於電腦者。 For example, the smart power management method described in claim 2, wherein the normally operated electrograzing data is stored in advance in a computer.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之一種智慧用電管理方法,其中,該用電異常管理可依據電紋比對知道所監控係何種耗能設備,使用者可根據環境條件以正面表列方式定義該空間可允許使用之設備,或以負面表列方式設定不允許使用之設備,以提高環境用電之安全。 A smart power management method according to claim 2, wherein the power abnormality management can know which energy-consuming equipment is monitored according to the electric pattern comparison, and the user can list according to environmental conditions. The way to define the space allows the device to be used, or to set the device that is not allowed to be used in a negative way to improve the security of the environment.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之一種智慧用電管理方法,其中,該智慧用電管理方法具備雲端服務之功能者。 A smart power management method according to claim 2, wherein the smart power management method has a function of a cloud service.
TW100142164A 2011-11-18 2011-11-18 Intelligent microgrid control system and intelligent electricity management method TWI442663B (en)

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TWI661284B (en) * 2017-11-29 2019-06-01 沅顧科技有限公司 A connector comprising a device for power-grid management and a power-grid comprising the same

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