TWI409606B - Solar energy control system - Google Patents

Solar energy control system Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI409606B
TWI409606B TW96150132A TW96150132A TWI409606B TW I409606 B TWI409606 B TW I409606B TW 96150132 A TW96150132 A TW 96150132A TW 96150132 A TW96150132 A TW 96150132A TW I409606 B TWI409606 B TW I409606B
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Taiwan
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microprocessor
solar
voltage
zigbee module
load
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TW96150132A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW200928649A (en
Inventor
yin fan Chen
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Hon Hai Prec Ind Co Ltd
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Priority to TW96150132A priority Critical patent/TWI409606B/en
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Publication of TWI409606B publication Critical patent/TWI409606B/en

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Abstract

A solar energy control system includes a solar energy operated absorption board, a charging battery, and a load. The solar energy operated absorption board is connected to the load via the charging battery. The solar energy control system further includes a monitor device, a first ZigBee module, a second ZigBee module, and a solar energy controller. The monitor device is connected to the first ZigBee module. The second ZigBee module is connected to the solar energy controller. The monitor device controls the solar controller through the first ZigBee module and the seconde ZigBee module by a wireless mode, and sets controlling parameters. The solar energy controller is connected to the charging battery, the solar energy operated absorption board, and the load. The charging battery provides a working voltage to the solar energy controller. The solar energy controller controls the solar energy operated absorption board to charge the charging battery. The solar energy controller controls a voltage for the charging battery providing to the load by detecting a current of the load.

Description

太陽能控制系統 Solar control system
本發明係關於一種太陽能控制系統。 The present invention relates to a solar energy control system.
在藍牙技術之使用過程中,人們發現藍牙技術儘管有諸多優點,但仍存在諸多缺陷,對工業、家庭自動化控制和遙測遙控領域而言,藍牙技術太複雜、功耗大、距離近、組網規模小,而工業自動化對無線通訊之需求愈來愈強烈,因此,ZigBee(全新無線網路資料通訊技術)協定在2004正式問世,ZigBee技術是隨著工業自動化對於無線通訊和資料傳輸之需求而產生的,ZigBee網路省電、可靠、成本低、容量大、安全,可廣泛應用於各種自動控制領域。一般太陽能控制器需要透過實體之連接線才能設定排程與相關參數,如果需要設定大量之太陽能控制器時,實體連接線之方式則顯得複雜與困難。 In the process of using Bluetooth technology, people have found that although there are many advantages of Bluetooth technology, there are still many defects. For industrial, home automation control and telemetry and remote control, Bluetooth technology is too complicated, power consumption, distance is short, networking The scale is small, and the demand for wireless communication in industrial automation is becoming more and more intense. Therefore, the ZigBee (new wireless network data communication technology) agreement was officially launched in 2004. ZigBee technology is in line with the demand for wireless communication and data transmission in industrial automation. The ZigBee network is power-saving, reliable, low-cost, large-capacity, and safe, and can be widely used in various automatic control fields. Generally, the solar controller needs to connect the physical connection line to set the schedule and related parameters. If a large number of solar controllers need to be set, the physical connection method is complicated and difficult.
鑒於上述內容,有必要提供一種太陽能控制系統,可以透過無線網路控制太陽能控制器。 In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a solar control system that can control the solar controller through a wireless network.
一種太陽能控制系統,包括一太陽能板、一充電電池及一負載,該太陽能板透過該充電電池與該負載相連,其改良在於:該太陽能控制系統還包括一監控設備、一第一ZigBee模組、一第二 ZigBee模組及一太陽能控制器,該監控設備連接該第一ZigBee模組,該太陽能控制器包括一微處理器及一通訊介面,該充電電池之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該太陽能板之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該負載之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該充電電池之輸入端連接該微處理器之一輸出端,該微處理器經該通訊介面連接該第二ZigBee模組,該監控設備監控微處理器的狀態及發送控制指令給微處理器,以使微處理器根據接收到的控制指令偵測太陽能板的電壓並根據該電壓之情況判斷日夜時間,當該微處理器偵測到太陽能板之電壓很大時,該微處理器判斷為白天並控制該太陽能板為該充電電池充電,該充電電池無輸出電壓提供給該負載;當該太陽能板之電壓變小時,該微處理器判斷為夜間並控制該充電電池為該負載供電。 A solar control system comprising a solar panel, a rechargeable battery and a load, the solar panel being connected to the load through the rechargeable battery, wherein the solar control system further comprises a monitoring device, a first ZigBee module, One second a ZigBee module and a solar controller, the monitoring device is connected to the first ZigBee module, the solar controller comprises a microprocessor and a communication interface, and an output end of the rechargeable battery is connected to one input end of the microprocessor, An output end of the solar panel is connected to one input end of the microprocessor, and an output end of the load is connected to one input end of the microprocessor, and an input end of the rechargeable battery is connected to an output end of the microprocessor, the micro processing The device is connected to the second ZigBee module via the communication interface, the monitoring device monitors the state of the microprocessor and sends a control command to the microprocessor, so that the microprocessor detects the voltage of the solar panel according to the received control command and according to The voltage condition determines the day and night time. When the microprocessor detects that the voltage of the solar panel is large, the microprocessor determines that it is daytime and controls the solar panel to charge the rechargeable battery. The rechargeable battery has no output voltage provided to the battery. The load; when the voltage of the solar panel becomes small, the microprocessor determines that it is nighttime and controls the rechargeable battery to supply power to the load.
相較習知技術,該電腦透過該第一及第二ZigBee模組獲取該太陽能控制器之相關資訊,並根據該資訊發送相關指令控制該太陽能控制器,以此實現對無線網路中之太陽能控制器之有效控制和管理。 Compared with the prior art, the computer obtains information about the solar controller through the first and second ZigBee modules, and sends the relevant instructions to control the solar controller according to the information, thereby realizing solar energy in the wireless network. Effective control and management of the controller.
100‧‧‧電腦 100‧‧‧ computer
20‧‧‧第二ZigBee模組 20‧‧‧Second ZigBee Module
40‧‧‧太陽能板 40‧‧‧ solar panels
60‧‧‧負載 60‧‧‧ load
32‧‧‧降壓器 32‧‧‧Reducing device
10‧‧‧第一ZigBee模組 10‧‧‧First ZigBee Module
30‧‧‧太陽能控制器 30‧‧‧Solar controller
50‧‧‧充電電池 50‧‧‧Rechargeable battery
31‧‧‧微處理器 31‧‧‧Microprocessor
33‧‧‧串列介面 33‧‧‧Serial interface
圖1為本發明太陽能控制系統之較佳實施方式之工作原理框圖。 1 is a block diagram showing the working principle of a preferred embodiment of a solar energy control system of the present invention.
圖2為圖1之拓撲架構示意圖。 2 is a schematic diagram of the topology structure of FIG. 1.
請參閱圖1,本發明太陽能控制系統之較佳實施方式包括一具有串列介面之電腦100、一第一ZigBee模組10、一第二ZigBee模組20、一太陽能控制器30、一太陽能板40、一充電電池50及一負載 60。該太陽能控制器30包括一微處理器31、一降壓器32及一串列介面33。該串列介面33為RS-232(資料終端設備和資料通訊設備之間串列二進位資料交換介面技術標準)標準之串列介面,其亦可選用其他類型之通訊介面。該電腦100亦可用其他類型之監控設備替代。 Referring to FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the solar control system of the present invention includes a computer 100 having a serial interface, a first ZigBee module 10, a second ZigBee module 20, a solar controller 30, and a solar panel. 40, a rechargeable battery 50 and a load 60. The solar controller 30 includes a microprocessor 31, a buck 32 and a serial interface 33. The serial interface 33 is a serial interface of RS-232 (the technical standard for serial binary data exchange between data terminal equipment and data communication equipment), and other types of communication interfaces can also be selected. The computer 100 can also be replaced with other types of monitoring equipment.
該充電電池50之輸入端分別連接該太陽能板40之輸出端及該微處理器30之一輸出端,該充電電池50之輸出端分別連接該降壓器32之輸入端及該負載60之輸入端,該降壓器32之輸出端連接該微處理器31之一輸入端,該太陽能板40之輸出端及該負載50之輸出端分別連接該微處理器30之兩個輸入端,該電腦100透過串列介面連接該第一ZigBee模組10之輸入端,該第二ZigBee模組20經該太陽能控制器30之串列介面33連接該微處理器31,該第一ZigBee模組10與該第二ZigBee模組20進行無線通訊。 The input end of the rechargeable battery 50 is respectively connected to the output end of the solar panel 40 and the output end of the microprocessor 30. The output end of the rechargeable battery 50 is respectively connected to the input end of the buck 32 and the input of the load 60. The output end of the buck 32 is connected to one input end of the microprocessor 31, and the output end of the solar panel 40 and the output end of the load 50 are respectively connected to two inputs of the microprocessor 30, the computer The first ZigBee module 20 is connected to the input end of the first ZigBee module 10 through a serial interface. The second ZigBee module 20 is connected to the microprocessor 31 via the serial interface 33 of the solar controller 30. The first ZigBee module 10 and The second ZigBee module 20 performs wireless communication.
本實施方式中,該充電電池50為該太陽能控制器30及該負載60提供工作電壓,當該充電電池50之電壓過大時需透過該降壓器32將其降壓到合適電壓後提供給該微處理器31,該微處理器31偵測該太陽能板40之電壓並根據該電壓之情況判斷日夜時間,當該太陽能板40之電壓很大時,該微處理器31偵測到該電壓並判斷為白天,並控制該太陽能板40為該充電電池50充電,該充電電池50無輸出電壓提供給該負載60;當該太陽能板40之電壓變小時,該微處理器31偵測到該電壓並判斷為夜間,並控制該充電電池50為該負載60供電,即為該負載60提供工作電壓。該微處理器31可以根據偵測到之該負載60兩端之電流情況來調節該充電電池50提供給該 負載60之電壓。透過該電腦100可以設定該太陽能控制器30之時間排程以及微處理器31偵測太陽能板40之電壓門限值,以該負載60為路燈為例,晚上六點到早上六點需要開燈,其餘時間則需要關燈或是設定該太陽能板40之電壓小於一電壓值時需要開燈,而大於另一電壓值時需要關燈。該電腦100透過該第一及第二ZigBee模組10及20獲取該太陽能控制器30之相關資訊,並根據該資訊發送相關指令控制該太陽能控制器30,以此實現對該太陽能控制器30之有效控制和管理。 In this embodiment, the rechargeable battery 50 provides an operating voltage for the solar controller 30 and the load 60. When the voltage of the rechargeable battery 50 is too large, the buck device 32 is required to step down the voltage to a suitable voltage. The microprocessor 31 detects the voltage of the solar panel 40 and determines the day and night time according to the voltage. When the voltage of the solar panel 40 is large, the microprocessor 31 detects the voltage and It is determined that it is daytime, and the solar panel 40 is controlled to charge the rechargeable battery 50. The rechargeable battery 50 has no output voltage supplied to the load 60; when the voltage of the solar panel 40 becomes small, the microprocessor 31 detects the voltage. It is determined to be nighttime, and the rechargeable battery 50 is controlled to supply power to the load 60, that is, the load 60 is supplied with an operating voltage. The microprocessor 31 can adjust the rechargeable battery 50 to be provided according to the detected current condition of the load 60. The voltage of the load 60. Through the computer 100, the time schedule of the solar controller 30 and the voltage threshold of the solar panel 40 detected by the microprocessor 31 can be set. For example, the load 60 is a street light, and the light needs to be turned on from 6 pm to 6 am. For the rest of the time, it is necessary to turn off the light or set the voltage of the solar panel 40 to be less than a voltage value, and turn off the light when the voltage is greater than another voltage value. The computer 100 obtains related information of the solar controller 30 through the first and second ZigBee modules 10 and 20, and controls the solar controller 30 according to the information transmission related instruction, thereby implementing the solar controller 30. Effective control and management.
在ZigBee網路中必須存在一個協調器才能形成整個網路,本實施方式中,與電腦連接之第一ZigBee模組10設置為協調器,與太陽能控制器30連接之第二ZigBee模組20設置為路由器,請繼續參閱圖2,當與複數太陽能控制器30相連之第二ZigBee模組20全部位於與該電腦100相連之第一ZigBee模組10之通訊範圍內時,則該電腦100可透過該ZigBee網路直接控制每一太陽能控制器30。根據實際需要亦可構建其他類型之拓撲架構。 A coordinator must exist in the ZigBee network to form the entire network. In this embodiment, the first ZigBee module 10 connected to the computer is set as a coordinator, and the second ZigBee module 20 connected to the solar controller 30 is set. For the router, please continue to refer to FIG. 2. When the second ZigBee module 20 connected to the plurality of solar controllers 30 is located within the communication range of the first ZigBee module 10 connected to the computer 100, the computer 100 can pass through. The ZigBee network directly controls each solar controller 30. Other types of topologies can be built according to actual needs.
本發明太陽能控制系統透過ZigBee無線通訊技術取代習知之實體連接線技術,以無線通訊之方式獲得太陽能控制器之狀態並傳輸給該電腦,並透過該電腦設定該太陽能控制器之排程與相關參數,利用ZigBee無線模組之路由功能,使ZigBee無線網路上之每一個節點皆可以轉送資訊,因此,只要將該電腦連線到該ZigBee無線網路中之任何一個節點,便可控制所有之太陽能控制器,提高了管理之便利性。 The solar control system of the invention replaces the traditional physical connection line technology through the ZigBee wireless communication technology, obtains the state of the solar controller by wireless communication and transmits it to the computer, and sets the schedule and related parameters of the solar controller through the computer. Using the routing function of the ZigBee wireless module, each node on the ZigBee wireless network can transfer information, so by connecting the computer to any node in the ZigBee wireless network, all solar energy can be controlled. The controller improves the convenience of management.
綜上所述,本發明符合發明專利要件,爰依法提出專利申請。惟 ,以上所述者僅為本發明之較佳實施例,舉凡熟悉本案技藝之人士,在爰依本發明精神所作之等效修飾或變化,皆應涵蓋於以下之申請專利範圍內。 In summary, the present invention complies with the requirements of the invention patent and submits a patent application according to law. but The above description is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and equivalent modifications or variations made by those skilled in the art will be included in the following claims.
100‧‧‧電腦 100‧‧‧ computer
20‧‧‧第二ZigBee模組 20‧‧‧Second ZigBee Module
40‧‧‧太陽能板 40‧‧‧ solar panels
60‧‧‧負載 60‧‧‧ load
32‧‧‧降壓器 32‧‧‧Reducing device
10‧‧‧第一ZigBee模組 10‧‧‧First ZigBee Module
30‧‧‧太陽能控制器 30‧‧‧Solar controller
50‧‧‧充電電池 50‧‧‧Rechargeable battery
31‧‧‧微處理器 31‧‧‧Microprocessor
33‧‧‧串列介面 33‧‧‧Serial interface

Claims (5)

  1. 一種太陽能控制系統,包括一太陽能板、一充電電池及一負載,該太陽能板透過該充電電池與該負載相連,其改良在於:該太陽能控制系統還包括一監控設備、一第一ZigBee模組、一第二ZigBee模組及一太陽能控制器,該監控設備連接該第一ZigBee模組,該太陽能控制器包括一微處理器及一通訊介面,該充電電池之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該太陽能板之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該負載之輸出端連接該微處理器之一輸入端,該充電電池之輸入端連接該微處理器之一輸出端,該微處理器經該通訊介面連接該第二ZigBee模組,該監控設備監控微處理器的狀態及發送控制指令給微處理器,以使微處理器根據接收到的控制指令偵測太陽能板的電壓並根據該電壓之情況判斷日夜時間,當該微處理器偵測到太陽能板之電壓很大時,該微處理器判斷為白天並控制該太陽能板為該充電電池充電,該充電電池無輸出電壓提供給該負載;當該太陽能板之電壓變小時,該微處理器判斷為夜間並控制該充電電池為該負載供電。 A solar control system comprising a solar panel, a rechargeable battery and a load, the solar panel being connected to the load through the rechargeable battery, wherein the solar control system further comprises a monitoring device, a first ZigBee module, a second ZigBee module and a solar controller, the monitoring device is connected to the first ZigBee module, the solar controller comprises a microprocessor and a communication interface, and the output end of the rechargeable battery is connected to the microprocessor An input end of the solar panel is connected to an input end of the microprocessor, and an output end of the load is connected to one input end of the microprocessor, and an input end of the rechargeable battery is connected to an output end of the microprocessor. The microprocessor is connected to the second ZigBee module via the communication interface, and the monitoring device monitors the state of the microprocessor and sends a control command to the microprocessor, so that the microprocessor detects the solar panel according to the received control command. The voltage is determined according to the voltage and the day and night time. When the microprocessor detects that the voltage of the solar panel is large, the microprocessor determines that Day and controlling the solar panel for charging a rechargeable battery, the rechargeable battery without output voltage to the load; when the voltage of the solar panel becomes small, and the microprocessor determines at night for controlling the battery charging load.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之太陽能控制系統,其中該充電電池之輸出端與該微處理器之輸入端之間還串接一降壓器,當該充電電池之電壓過大時,該降壓器將該充電電池之電壓降壓到合適電壓後提供給該微處理器。 The solar control system of claim 1, wherein a step-down device is connected in series between the output end of the rechargeable battery and the input end of the microprocessor, and when the voltage of the rechargeable battery is too large, the voltage is lowered. The voltage regulator steps down the voltage of the rechargeable battery to a suitable voltage and supplies it to the microprocessor.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之太陽能控制系統,其中該通訊介面為RS-232串列介面。 The solar control system of claim 1, wherein the communication interface is an RS-232 serial interface.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之太陽能控制系統,其中該監控設備為一電腦。 The solar control system of claim 1, wherein the monitoring device is a computer.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之太陽能控制系統,其中該第一ZigBee模組為一協調器,該第二ZigBee模組為一路由器。 The solar control system of claim 1, wherein the first ZigBee module is a coordinator, and the second ZigBee module is a router.
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TWI408818B (en) * 2009-07-27 2013-09-11 Univ Nat Formosa A wireless monitoring system for solar panels and a voltage measuring method for the wireless monitoring system
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CN101938142B (en) * 2010-08-24 2013-03-27 浙江大学 Desert synchronization photovoltaic power generating system with solar azimuth tracking device and tracking method thereof

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