TWI385875B - The plug can be changed in direction and replaceable power converter - Google Patents

The plug can be changed in direction and replaceable power converter Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI385875B
TWI385875B TW098133936A TW98133936A TWI385875B TW I385875 B TWI385875 B TW I385875B TW 098133936 A TW098133936 A TW 098133936A TW 98133936 A TW98133936 A TW 98133936A TW I385875 B TWI385875 B TW I385875B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
plug
conductive
annular chamber
base
disposed
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TW098133936A
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English (en)
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TW201114120A (en
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Leader Electronics Inc
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Priority to TW098133936A priority Critical patent/TWI385875B/zh
Priority to CN200910180000A priority patent/CN102044788B/zh
Priority to US12/621,630 priority patent/US7946868B1/en
Publication of TW201114120A publication Critical patent/TW201114120A/zh
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Publication of TWI385875B publication Critical patent/TWI385875B/zh

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R31/00Coupling parts supported only by co-operation with counterpart
    • H01R31/06Intermediate parts for linking two coupling parts, e.g. adapter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/625Casing or ring with bayonet engagement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6675Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in power supply
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R24/00Two-part coupling devices, or either of their cooperating parts, characterised by their overall structure
    • H01R24/28Coupling parts carrying pins, blades or analogous contacts and secured only to wire or cable
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R35/00Flexible or turnable line connectors, i.e. the rotation angle being limited
    • H01R35/04Turnable line connectors with limited rotation angle with frictional contact members
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R2103/00Two poles

Description

插頭可變換方向且可更換的電源轉換器

本發明係關於一種電源轉換器,特指其插頭為可變換方向,並且可替換者。

電器用品均具有一電源轉換器,該電源轉換器具有內含變壓裝置的一本體,本體上固設有一插頭,該插頭可插設於一規格相符的插座上的插孔,以獲得運轉用的電力令電器產品運轉,惟插頭與插座之規格種類多達十數種,且因國家與地區不同使用的規格也相異,是以,插頭係固設於本體上之現有技術之電源轉換器,其存在有無法在規格不符之插座上使用之缺點,此外,由於本體容置有變壓裝置,因此體積較大,以致使用時容易遮擋插座上其他的插孔,使該插孔無法供其他插頭插設。

有鑑於上述現有技術之電源轉換器,有僅能適用於單一規格之插座,且使用時易於遮擋插座上其他插孔之缺點,本發明係改良其結構,令插頭為可自本體拆卸更換,且裝設於本體時的設置方向為可調整,據以解決現有技術之電源轉換器之缺點。

為達成上述發明目的,本發明所使用之技術手段在於提供一種插頭可變換方向且可更換的電源轉換器,其包含有:一本體,其自頂面內凹形成有一環形容室,且本體於該頂面內凹有四滑槽與環形容室相通,該些滑槽係位於環形容室的周緣上,另各滑槽的一側壁底端上凹設有一卡掣槽,環形容室內設有兩導電元件;一插頭,其呈中空,內部設有兩中介導電元件,插頭自底面突設有設置於環形容室內的一柱體,該柱體上穿設有相通於插頭內部且呈環狀配置的四弧孔,各弧孔分別供所述兩導電元件置入,且該兩導電元件分別與一中介導電元件相接觸,另柱體的柱面突設有對應所述本體上的滑槽及卡掣槽的四卡掣塊,插頭頂面設有至少兩插頭片,各插頭片一端進入於插頭內部,且有兩插頭片分別與一中介導電元件電連接。

本發明之電源轉換器,其插頭係單獨製作為一元件,使用時係令插頭底部柱體上突設的各卡掣塊滑入於本體上的相對滑槽,使柱體可置入於環形容室內,隨後將插頭轉動使卡掣塊自滑槽底部移入卡掣槽內,即可使插頭固設於本體上且令插頭片透過中介導電元件與導電元件電連接,如此即完成插頭之裝設,反向操作前述步驟則可將插頭取下,進而裝設不同規格的插頭,此外,在裝設插頭時,只要將卡掣塊置入於不同的滑槽,即可變換裝設完成後插頭片相對於本體的位置,因此在使用時可將本體調整至不會妨礙其他插頭插設的位置,由此可知本發明相較於現有技術之電源轉換器確實具有較佳的實用性。

參見第一及二圖所示,本發明之插頭可變換方向且可更換的電源轉換器,於第一實施例中包含有一本體(10)及一插頭(P),其中:該本體(10)係中空體,其內部可設有電子元件(圖中未示),本體(10)頂面突設有一裝配座(101),自該裝配座(101)頂面內凹形成有一環形容室(11),且裝配座(101)頂面內凹有四滑槽(12)與環形容室(11)相通,該些滑槽(12)係位於環形容室(11)的周緣上,另各滑槽(12)的一側壁底端上凹設有一卡掣槽(13),環形容室(11)內設有兩導電元件(14),該導電元件(14)係與設於本體(10)內部的電子元件電連接,本體(10)及裝配座(101)上成型有一解除彈片(15),其係由一道自本體(10)延伸入裝配座(101)之環形容室(11)內再延伸至本體(10)的開縫(102)所構成,解除彈片(15)的自由端位於環形容室(11)內,該端且突設有一卡合塊(151),該卡合塊(151)的頂面係高出於環形容室(11)之底面;該插頭(P)具有一底座(20)及一蓋體(30),其中:配合參見第三及四圖所示,該底座(20)自頂面凹設有一上容槽(201),而自底面突設有設置於環形容室(11)內的一柱體(21),該柱體(21)內形成有與上容槽(201)相通的一下容槽(211),自下容槽(211)的底面貫穿設有環狀配置的四弧孔(212),各弧孔(212)供所述本體(10)之導電元件(14)置入,下容槽(211)底面上突設有弧形的四擋塊(2111),各擋塊(2111)分別相鄰於一弧孔(212)的一端,於上容槽(201)底面設有兩中介導電元件(22),各中介導電元件(22)具有一突耳(221),該突耳(221)上形成有一下連接孔(2211),另各中介導電元件(22)分別延伸設有兩弧形的接觸片(222),各接觸片(222)位於下容槽(211)內且相對位於弧孔(212)上方並相鄰於所述擋塊(2111),另柱體(21)的柱面突設有四卡掣塊(213)且凹設有連通至柱體(21)底面的四卡合槽(214),其中該四卡掣塊(213)係對應所述本體(10)上的滑槽(12)及卡掣槽(13),而各卡合槽(214)分別可與所述解除彈片(15)自由端的卡合塊(151)相互卡合;該蓋體(30)係蓋設於所述底座(20)而封閉上容槽(201),蓋體(30)上設有至少兩插頭片(31),其中兩插頭片(31)朝向上容槽(201)的一端形成有上連接孔(311),並藉由如金屬線等導電物(圖中未示)分別穿設通過該上連接孔(311)以及所述中介導電元件(22)的下連接孔(2211)而各與對應的一中介導電元件(22)呈電連接,如第五圖所示另一實施例,即為設有三插頭片(31A)的蓋體(30A);配合參見第六圖所示,本發明之電源轉換器,使用時係令插頭(P)底部柱體(21)上突設的各卡掣塊(213)滑入於本體(10)上的相對滑槽(12),使柱體(21)置入於環形容室(11)內,且導電元件(14)插入於插頭(P)本體(10)底部呈相向的兩弧孔(212)內,配合參見第七及八圖所示,隨後令插頭(P)轉動,則卡掣塊(213)自滑槽(12)底部移入卡掣槽(13)內,且解除彈片(15)自由端之卡合塊(151)卡入於柱體(21)上的一卡合槽(214),使插頭(P)呈不可轉動而與本體(10)相互定位,並且本體(10)之導電元件(14)係抵於位於弧孔(212)一端的接觸片(222)上,如此即完成插頭(P)之裝設,該插頭片(31)可透過中介導電元件(22)與導電元件(14)呈電連接,且相鄰於接觸片(222)的擋塊(2111)可供接觸片(222)抵靠,避免其過度彎折。反向操作前述步驟則可將插頭(P)取下。

參見第九圖所示,為本發明之第二實施例,其中所述插頭(P)之底座(20)內所設的兩中介導電元件(22A),其分別延伸設一接觸片(222A),該兩接觸片(222A)的面積分別涵蓋相鄰的兩弧孔(212),且接觸片(222A)與中介導電元件(22)之間設有至少一彈性部(223A),該彈性部(223A)係彎折呈U形,兩端分別連接中介導電元件(22A)及接觸片(222A),使該接觸片(222A)可上、下位移,另下容槽(211)自底面突設有一間隔片(2112)位於兩接觸片(222A)之間,以防止兩接觸片(222A)相接觸,配合參見第十圖所示,於本實施例中,當插頭(P)設置於本體(10)上時,兩導電元件(14)的末端可分別抵於一接觸片(222A)上,使插頭片(31)、中介導電元件(22A)與導電元件(14)間呈電連接。

由於本發明之插頭(P)係單獨製作為一元件,因此可配合插座之規格裝設適用的插頭(P),此外,參見第十一A及十一B圖所示,在裝設插頭(P)時,只要將卡掣塊(213)置入於不同的滑槽(12),即可變換裝設完成後插頭片(31)相對於本體(10)的位置,因此在使用時可調整本體(10)的位置,使其不會位於插座的插孔上而妨礙其他插頭(P)插設。

(10)...本體

(101)...裝配座

(102)...開縫

(11)...環形容室

(12)...滑槽

(13)...卡掣槽

(14)...導電元件

(15)...解除彈片

(151)...卡合塊

(P)...插頭

(20)...底座

(201)...上容槽

(21)...柱體

(211)...下容槽

(2111)...擋塊

(2112)...間隔片

(212)...弧孔

(213)...卡掣塊

(214)...卡合槽

(22)(22A)...中介導電元件

(221)...突耳

(2211)...下連接孔

(222)(222A)...接觸片

(223A)...彈性部

(30)(30A)...蓋體

(31)(31A)...插頭片

(311)...上連接孔

第一圖為本發明第一實施例之立體外觀圖。

第二圖為本發明第一實施例之立體分解圖。

第三圖為本發明第一實施例中底座之立體外觀圖。

第四圖為本發明第一實施例中底座之上視圖。

第五圖為本發明另一插頭之立體外觀圖。

第六及七圖為本發明第一實施例中底座結合於本體之動作圖。

第八圖為本發明第一實施例中插頭結合於本體之狀態下的剖視圖。

第九圖為本發明第二實施例中底座之立體外觀圖。

第十圖為本發明第二實施例中插頭結合於本體之狀態下的剖視圖。

第十一A及十一B圖為本發明之上視圖。

(10)...本體

(101)...裝配座

(102)...開縫

(11)...環形容室

(12)...滑槽

(13)...卡掣槽

(14)...導電元件

(15)...解除彈片

(151)...卡合塊

(P)...插頭

(20)...底座

(201)...上容槽

(211)...下容槽

(2111)...擋塊

(22)...中介導電元件

(221)...突耳

(2211)...下連接孔

(222)...接觸片

(30)...蓋體

(31)...插頭片

(311)...上連接孔

Claims (6)

  1. 一種插頭可變換方向且可更換的電源轉換器,其包含有:一本體,其自頂面內凹形成有一環形容室,且本體於該頂面內凹有四滑槽與環形容室相通,該些滑槽係位於環形容室的周緣上,另各滑槽的一側壁底端上凹設有一卡掣槽,環形容室內設有兩導電元件;一插頭,其呈中空,內部設有兩中介導電元件,插頭自底面突設有設置於環形容室內的一柱體,該柱體上穿設有相通於插頭內部且呈環狀配置的四弧孔,各弧孔分別供所述兩導電元件置入,且該兩導電元件分別與一中介導電元件相接觸,另柱體的柱面突設有對應所述本體上的滑槽及卡掣槽的四卡掣塊,插頭頂面設有至少兩插頭片,各插頭片一端進入於插頭內部,且有兩插頭片分別與一中介導電元件電連接;所述插頭具有一底座及一蓋體,其中:該底座自頂面凹設有一上容槽,而自底面突設有所述柱體,該柱體內形成有與上容槽相通的一下容槽,自下容槽的底面貫穿設有所述弧孔,於上容槽底面設有所述兩中介導電元件,各中介導電元件分別延伸設有兩接觸片,各接觸片位於下容槽內且相對位於一弧孔的一端上方;又底座的下容槽底面上突設有四擋塊,各擋塊分別相鄰於一弧孔的一端,且相鄰於對應該弧孔的接觸片;該蓋體係蓋設於所述底座而封閉上容槽,蓋體上設有 所述插頭片。
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之電源轉換器,其中:所述底座內的各中介導電元件,其分別具有一突耳,該突耳上形成有一下連接孔;所述蓋體上的各插頭片中與中介導電元件電連接的兩插頭片,其朝向上容槽的一端分別形成有一上連接孔,該上連接孔以及中介導電元件的下連接孔之間設有導電物。
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1或2項所述之電源轉換器,其中:所述本體上成型有一解除彈片,解除彈片的自由端位於環形容室內,該端突設有一卡合塊,該卡合塊的頂面係高出於環形容室之底面;所述柱體的柱面凹設有連通至柱體底面的四卡合槽,各卡合槽分別可與所述解除彈片自由端的卡合塊相互卡合。
  4. 一種插頭可變換方向且可更換的電源轉換器,其包含有:一本體,其自頂面內凹形成有一環形容室,且本體於該頂面內凹有四滑槽與環形容室相通,該些滑槽係位於環形容室的周緣上,另各滑槽的一側壁底端上凹設有一卡掣槽,環形容室內設有兩導電元件;一插頭,其呈中空,內部設有兩中介導電元件,插頭自底面突設有設置於環形容室內的一柱體,該柱體上穿設有相通於插頭內部且呈環狀配置的四弧孔,各弧孔分別供所述兩導電元件置入,且該兩導電元件分別與一中介導電元件相接觸,另柱體的柱面突設有對應所述本體上的滑槽 及卡掣槽的四卡掣塊,插頭頂面設有至少兩插頭片,各插頭片一端進入於插頭內部,且有兩插頭片分別與一中介導電元件電連接;所述插頭具有一底座及一蓋體,其中:該底座自頂面凹設有一上容槽,而自底面突設有所述柱體,該柱體內形成有與上容槽相通的一下容槽,自下容槽的底面貫穿設有所述弧孔,於上容槽底面設有所述兩中介導電元件,各中介導電元件分別延伸設有一接觸片,各接觸片位於下容槽內且其面積分別涵蓋相鄰的兩弧孔;又底座內的各中介導電元件,其與接觸片之間設有至少一彈性部;所述底座內的各中介導電元件,其分別具有一突耳,該突耳上形成有一下連接孔;該蓋體係蓋設於所述底座而封閉上容槽,蓋體上設有所述插頭片;所述蓋體上的各插頭片中與中介導電元件電連接的兩插頭片,其朝向上容槽的一端分別形成有一上連接孔,該上連接孔以及中介導電元件的下連接孔之間設有導電物。
  5. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之電源轉換器,其中所述底座之下容槽自底面突設有一間隔片位於兩接觸片之間。
  6. 如申請專利範圍第4或5項所述之電源轉換器,其中:所述本體上成型有一解除彈片,解除彈片的自由端位於環形容室內,該端突設有一卡合塊,該卡合塊的頂面係高出於環形容室之底面;所述柱體的柱面凹設有連通至柱體底面的四卡合槽,各卡合槽分別可與所述解除彈片自由端的卡合塊相互卡 合。
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CN200910180000A CN102044788B (zh) 2009-10-07 2009-10-16 插头可变换方向且可更换的电源转换器
US12/621,630 US7946868B1 (en) 2009-10-07 2009-11-19 Power adapter having a replaceable and rotatable plug

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US12/621,630 US7946868B1 (en) 2009-10-07 2009-11-19 Power adapter having a replaceable and rotatable plug

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US7946868B1 (en) 2011-05-24

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