TWI242467B - Kitchen garbage processing device - Google Patents

Kitchen garbage processing device

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Publication number
TWI242467B
TWI242467B TW093100287A TW93100287A TWI242467B TW I242467 B TWI242467 B TW I242467B TW 093100287 A TW093100287 A TW 093100287A TW 93100287 A TW93100287 A TW 93100287A TW I242467 B TWI242467 B TW I242467B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
food waste
fermentation tank
fermentation
treatment device
blade
Prior art date
Application number
TW093100287A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW200502043A (en
Inventor
Duo-Shian Jang
Duo-Jung Jang
Akiyoshi Funabiki
Kazuyuki Kimura
Original Assignee
Heng Chih Machinery Co Ltd
Recycle Hyogo Kk
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Heng Chih Machinery Co Ltd, Recycle Hyogo Kk filed Critical Heng Chih Machinery Co Ltd
Publication of TW200502043A publication Critical patent/TW200502043A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI242467B publication Critical patent/TWI242467B/en

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The object of the present invention is to provide a kitchen garbage processing device, which processes large and hard kitchen garbage of household kitchen in an efficient and continuous manner and which does not cause stinking smell to spread to the outside. The kitchen garbage processing device pulverizes kitchen garbage in an interior thereof and carries out fermentation and decomposition process therein. The device comprises: a receiving chamber for receiving the kitchen garbage, a pulverizing blade rotatably arranged in the receiving chamber, a dropping opening formed in a bottom of the receiving chamber to allow pulverized garbage pieces that are smaller than a predetermined size to fall therethrough, a fermentation chamber arranged below the dropping opening and containing micro-organs that ferment and decompose the pulverized garbage pieces, and stirring blades rotatably arranged inside the fermentation chamber.

Description

1242467 玖、發明說明 (發明說明應敘明:發明所屬之技術領域、先前技術、內容、實施方式及圖式簡單說明) 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明係與家庭用之可處理廚房等所產生之廚 餘之廚餘處理裝置有關,特別是關於可以設置在室 内,並且可在短時間内對魚頭或難骨等不易作發酵 5 分解處理之物體進行發酵分解處理之廚餘處理裝 置。 【先前技術】 為了維護地球環境,近來世界各國均大力提倡 10 所有垃圾均要回收再利用。對於剩飯或是料理過程 中所捨棄之蔬菜、魚、難骨等,許多廠商已開發出 所謂廚餘處理裝置,嚐試藉由微生物進行發酵分解 而將之變成有機肥料再利用。 本案之其中一申請人亦曾創作出一種可處理家 15 庭廚房所產生之大型廚餘之廚餘處理裝置(日本特開 2001-179217 號專利案)。 然而,包含前揭廚餘處理裝置在内,習用之家 庭用廚餘處理裝置由於無法打碎大型魚骨、魚頭, 或是雞骨等比較大且比較硬的東西,又難以藉由微 20 生物進行分解處理,因此並不允許投入前述大型廚 餘。 而且,為了抑制臭味的發生,習用之家庭用廚 β續次頁(發明說明頁不敷使用時,請註記並使用續頁) -4- 1242467 發明說明®Η 餘處理裝置,特別是設置於室内者,大都是所謂 「批次(非連續式)處理」之型式,因此,在廚餘產生 時卻無法立刻將其投入廚餘處理裝置之情況即經常 發生。 5 【發明内容】 有鑑於前述現狀,本發明之目的即在提供一種 廚餘處理裝置,其可迅速地處理家庭内可能產生之 大型魚頭、魚骨,或是雞骨等所有廚餘,並且能以 10 連續式處理,同時又不會產生臭味而可設置於室 内。 為達成前揭目的,本發明提供之廚餘處理裝置 係可將廚餘在内部打碎並進行發酵分解處理,其特 徵在於包含有:用以投入廚餘之投入槽、以可旋轉 15 之方式設於該投入槽内之打碎葉片、設於該投入槽 底部以使預定大小以下之被打碎之廚餘能往下掉落 之落下口、設於該落下口下方並存有可對被打碎之 廚餘進行發酵分解處理之微生物之發酵槽、以可旋 轉之方式設於該發酵槽内之攪拌葉片。 20 依據上述構成之廚餘處理裝置,投入投入槽内 之廚餘可被打碎葉片打碎,預定大小以下之廚餘可 經由底部之落下口掉入設在下方之發酵槽内。接 1242467 著,在該發酵槽内,被打碎成預定大小之廚餘會被 微生物進行發酵分解處理。此時,發酵槽内之攪拌 葉片會攪拌發酵中之廚餘,藉以提供微生物(需氧性 之微生物)必要之空氣,使能順利地發酵。 5 藉此,即使是大型魚骨、魚頭,或是難骨等, 抑或是大型蔬菜等,均能迅速有效地進行發酵分解 處理。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若使該打碎葉片之底 端接近於該落下口,並且在該落下口下方設一頂端 10 接近該落下口之切斷葉片,即可在落下口與打碎葉 片之間進行切斷作業,使能有效打碎大型骨頭等。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若使該投入槽之内周 面整體概呈碗狀,並且在該内周面上連結螺旋狀之 導引片,可將投入之廚餘往下導引並可與該打碎葉 15 片共同進行打碎作業,即可有效地執行打碎作業。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若使該打碎葉片之底 端外周緣接近該投入槽之内周面,且該打碎葉片係 呈板狀物在一旋轉軸外圍捲繞一圈以上而成之三次 元螺旋狀,則該打碎葉片旋轉時,欲受處理之廚餘 20 即可被往下推壓而產生應力,藉此能更積極地進行 打碎作業。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若設置複數之前述落 - 6- 1242467 發明說明#賣;g 下口,各該落下口呈彎月狀,且其彎曲方向與該打 碎葉片之旋轉方向相反,則局部落入落下口之廚 餘,其與落下口及打碎葉片之間即可經常保持線接 觸而被以較大力量切斷,藉此,即使是堅硬之魚骨 5 或難骨等,亦可被強力地打碎。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若使該導引片之螺旋 方向與該打碎葉片之旋轉方向相,並且使該導引片 之斷面呈矩形,則導引片與打碎葉片可共同合作將 廚餘往下推壓以進行打碎作業,達到良好之打碎形 10 式。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若在該發酵槽之由底 面往上預定高度位置設一排出口,且該排出口設有 一篩網,該篩網之網目比被發酵分解處理完了之粒 狀肥料略大,並小於由該投入槽掉入該發酵槽之廚 15 餘大小,則在發酵槽内被發酵分解處理而成之肥 料,可經由排出口排出發酵槽外。 在前述廚餘處理裝置中,若在該發酵槽之靠近 頂端位置設一排氣口,且該廚餘處理裝置另設有一 脫臭裝置,該排氣口與該脫臭裝置之間藉一通氣通 20 路連通,使該發酵槽内之氣體係經由該脫臭裝置排 出至外界,則縱使是連續處理,投入槽或發酵槽内 產生之臭氣亦可脫臭之後再排出至外界。因此,該 1242467 發明說明$賣頁 廚餘處理裝置即使設置於室内,裝置内所產生之臭 味亦不會散發至周圍。 【實施方式】 5 以下即配合圖式對本發明之廚餘處理裝置進行 具體說明。 第一圖係本發明廚餘處理裝置之投入槽及發酵 槽部分之構成之斜視圖;第二圖係第一圖中之_剖 、、泉之^面圖,第三圖係取除上蓋之狀態下由上方觀 10 察投入槽之平面圖;第四圖係第一圖中之_剖線之 4面圖,係在取除攪拌葉片之狀態下由上方觀察投 入槽。 如第一、第二圖所示,廚餘處理裝置A設有一 開口 1L朝向頂端之投入槽丨,該投入槽丨之内周面 15 1U整體概呈碗狀(頂端口徑較大,底端π徑較小之截 頭圓椎狀),該内周® ιυ設有若干斷面呈矩形之導 引片1A。在本實施例中,導引片1A如第一、第 二' ㈣圖所示’係順應後述之打碎葉片3之旋轉 2 万向(凊參閱第三圖中之箭頭R)由上往下斜向延伸, 2〇 而形成圓徑逐漸縮小之螺旋狀連結於該投入槽丨之 内周面1U。 如第—至第三圖所示,該投入槽1在平視時之 - 8- 1242467 發明說明®胃 中央設有一基端與電動馬達Μ(參閱第六圖)之驅動軸 Ml連結之旋轉軸5,該打碎葉片3可隨旋轉軸5同 步旋轉。在本實施例中,該打碎葉片3係螺旋狀捲 繞連結於該旋轉軸5之外周(本實施例係捲繞一圈 5 半),且由上至下維持預定之外徑尺寸。該打碎葉片 3之底端3a係由旋轉軸5周面往外直線延伸,該底 端3a如第二圖所示,係與該投入槽1之平面狀底面 1C大致齊平。更正確來說,該打碎葉片3之底端3a 係位在該底面1C上方,與底面1C之間存有極小之 10 間隙不致碰觸抵卡。 如第一、第四圖所示,該投入槽1之底面1C設 有若干落下口 1D,各落下口 1D在平視時係呈彎月 狀(弦月由中央分半之形狀),乃是逆著該打碎葉片3 之旋轉方向(參閱第三圖中之箭頭R)由内往外螺旋狀 15 延伸。如第四圖所示,各該導引片1A之底端la係 連接於該投入槽1底面1C之落下口 1D,藉以將廚 餘引導往落下口 1D。 如第一、第二圖所示,該投入槽1下方具有一 與其連接之發酵槽9,使得通過落下口 1D之碎成預 20 定大小之廚餘可因自身重量掉入發酵槽9内。 該旋轉轴5係由投入槽1延伸至發酵槽9,而 且,在該投入槽1C之底面1C下方,設有一將其内 - 9- 1242467 發明說明 端固接於該旋轉軸5之切斷葉片13,該切斷葉片13 之頂端13U幾乎觸接該底面1C之内面lCb。 亦即,該底面1C之上方係與該打碎葉片3之底 端幾近觸接,而在該底面1C下方,該切斷葉片13 5 之頂端13U與該底面1C之内面lCb幾近觸接。 該發酵槽9係呈圓筒狀,其内徑略大於該投入 槽1頂端之外徑最大部分,且發酵槽9以其頂部容 納該投入槽1全體。 該發酵槽9之外周壁設有電熱器55,用以將發 10 酵槽9内部之溫度加熱至最適合微生物之溫度。 在該發酵槽9内,該旋轉軸5周面上之圓周方 位不同於該切斷葉片13之位置,設有兩片呈180度 相對之攪拌葉片15(本實施例之攪拌葉片各與切斷葉 片相隔90度),各攪拌葉片15呈平板且中央去掉一 15 矩形區之「畫框狀」,用以攪拌該發酵槽9内之廚 餘或是發酵分解處理過程中之物體。 該發酵槽9之上端,亦即該投入槽1之外側, 形成有可讓發酵槽9内部之空氣排出之排氣口 17, 較下方處另形成有可讓發酵分解處理完成之廚餘排 20 出之排出口 19。 如第六、第七圖所示,該排出口 19藉由往下延 伸之導管21連通至位在其下方之肥料收納箱23,使 1242467 發明說明$賣胃 得在發酵槽9内經過發酵分解處理之肥料,可因自 身重量進入該肥料收納箱23。而且,該肥料收納箱 23可被隨意地取離該廚餘處理裝置A。 該排出口 19設有不銹鋼製成之篩網(鐵絲 5 網)19A(請參閱第一圖),使得只有能通過該篩網19A 之肥料才能排出至該肥料收納箱23。在本實施例 中,該篩網19A係採用網目大小約為3 5 mm者。 另一方面,如第五至第七圖所示,該排氣口 17 藉由往下延伸之導管25連通至位在其下方之臭氣回 10 收室27,使得發酵槽9内之空氣與濕氣(水)可回收 至該臭氣回收室27内。該臭氣回收室27可使來自 發酵槽9之空氣與濕氣產生氣液分離,亦即水份蓄 積在底部而空氣蓄積在頂部。 該臭氣回收室27可被隨意地取離該廚餘處理裝 15 置A。臭氣回收室27上方設有一固定於廚餘處理機 A框架之承載台29,該承載台29上設有一内藏活性 碳之脫臭裝置31,該脫臭裝置31之底端開口藉由一 導管31D連通至該臭氣回收室27積存空氣之區域。 該脫臭裝置31之頂端開口之上方設有吸氣風扇 20 單元33,用以吸引空氣,使該發酵槽9内之空氣通 過該臭氣回收室27及脫臭裝置31内部再排出至外 界。 -11- 1242467 發明說明$賣胃 如第二、第六圖所示,該旋轉軸5係貫通該發 酵槽9底部並往下延伸,連結於設在廚餘處理裝置 A底部之電動馬達Μ之驅動軸Ml。 藉此,上述構成之該廚餘處理裝置A即可對家 5 庭廚房所捨棄之廚餘以下述方式進行發酵分解處 理。即,打開該廚餘處理裝置A之上蓋41,將欲處 理之廚餘投入。即使投入之廚餘為大型魚(例如鮪魚 或鰹魚)之魚骨或頭部,該廚餘亦會被該打碎葉片3 及導引片1A往下推壓,或是在導引片1A與打碎葉 10 片3之間被打碎,使得被打碎之部分由投入槽1底 面1C之落下口 1D擠出。此般由落下口 1D擠出之 廚餘,會被下方旋轉中之切斷葉片13給切斷,而由 落下口 1D掉入下方之發酵槽9内。當然,若是蔬菜 的話,即可更輕易地,亦即在更短的時間破碎。 15 如此,廚餘會被前述方式打碎,而被打碎成預 定大小之廚餘,會由該落下口 1D循序掉入下方之發 酵槽9内。打碎所用的時間,具體而言,以該投入 槽1為盛滿狀態來說,亦能在短短五至二十分鐘内 完成。其中,該旋轉軸5之回轉數約為每分鐘三至 20 五轉。 該發酵槽9内已預先投入能對有機物進行發酵 分解之需氧性微生物,藉由該微生物在發酵槽9内 1242467 發明說明;_頁 進行發酵發解處理。依所使用之微生物、發酵槽9 内之溫度、濕度,以及投入之廚餘量,前述發酵分 解處理的時間在十三至二十四小時内不等。 發酵槽9内經發酵發解處理所形成之肥料會成 5 為粒狀,其能通過該排出口 19之篩網19A,而蓄積 在設置於下方之肥料收納箱23。亦即,在發酵槽9 内生成之肥料若高過該排出口 19,即會因溢出該排 出口 19而通過篩網19A,排出至該肥料收納箱23。 依廚餘之種類,有時在發酵過程中發酵槽9等 10 可能會產生臭氣,然而前述臭氣可被該脫臭裝置31 脫臭而排出至外界。因此,通過脫臭裝置31而排出 之空氣,幾乎沒有臭味。 發酵槽9内之濕氣則會以水(液體)的形態蓄積在 該臭氣回收室27,所蓄積的水只要取出回收室27再 15 適當倒棄即可。 附帶說明,雖然前揭實施例中之投入槽底面係 呈平面狀,然而其亦可呈彎曲之凹面。 此外,設於該底面之落下口,除了在平面狀底 面以外,亦可設在投入槽底部之側面部分。 20 依據本發明所提供之廚餘處理裝置,即能簡單 且短時間地處理以往無法處理,或是需要長時間處 理之大型魚骨等廚餘。 -13- 1242467 而且,内部所產生之臭氣係被脫臭之後再排出 至外界,因此可設置於室内。 【圖式之簡單說明】 5 第一圖係本發明廚餘處理裝置取除上蓋之狀態 下,投入槽及發酵槽部分之構成之斜視圖。 第二圖係第一圖中之-剖線之剖面圖。 第三圖係取除上蓋之狀態下由上方觀察投入槽 之平面圖。 10 第四圖係第一圖中之-剖線之剖面圖,係在取 除攪拌葉片之狀態下由上方觀察投入槽。 第五圖係第一圖所示之廚餘處理裝置之後側所 配置之脫臭裝置等之斜視圖。 第六圖係第五圖中之-剖線之剖視圖。 15 第七圖係第五5中之-剖線之剖視圖。 第八圖係第一圖所示之廚餘處理裝置之後側所 配置之臭氣回收室、肥料收納箱以及其等與發酵槽 側連接之導管之斜視圖。 20 -14- 1242467 _ 發明說明$賣胃 【主要部分之代表符號】 A 廚餘處理裝置 Μ 馬達 Ml 驅動軸 1 投入槽 ΙΑ 導引片 1C 底面 5 lCb 内面 ID 落下口 1L 開口 1U 内周面 3 打碎葉片 3a 底端 5 旋轉軸 9 發酵槽 13 切斷葉片 13U 頂端 10 15 攪拌葉片 17 排氣口 19 排出口 19A 師網 21 導管 23 肥料收納箱 25 導管 27 臭氣回收室 29 承載台 31 脫臭裝置 15 31D 導管 33 吸氣風扇單元 55 旋轉軸 -15-1242467 发明 Description of the invention (The description of the invention should state: the technical field, prior art, contents, embodiments, and drawings of the invention are briefly explained.) [Technical field to which the invention belongs] The present invention is used for household kitchens, etc. The generated food waste processing equipment is related to the food waste processing equipment that can be installed indoors and can ferment and decompose objects such as fish heads or difficult bones that are not easily fermented in a short time. [Previous technology] In order to maintain the global environment, countries around the world have recently strongly advocated that all waste be recycled. For leftovers or vegetables, fish, and bones that are discarded during the cooking process, many manufacturers have developed so-called kitchen waste treatment devices that try to ferment and decompose them into microorganisms and reuse them as organic fertilizers. One of the applicants in this case has also created a food waste treatment device that can handle large-scale food waste produced in 15 kitchens (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-179217). However, the conventional household food waste disposal equipment, including the previously uncovered food waste disposal equipment, is not able to break large and hard bones such as large fish bones, fish heads, or chicken bones. The organism is decomposed, so it is not allowed to invest in the aforementioned large-scale food waste. In addition, in order to suppress the occurrence of odor, the conventional home kitchen β continuation page (when the description page of the invention is insufficient, please note and use the continuation page) -4- 1242467 Invention Description ®Η Residual treatment device, especially installed in Most of the indoor people are the so-called "batch (discontinuous) processing" type. Therefore, when food waste is generated, it is not always possible to put it into the food waste treatment device. [Summary of the Invention] In view of the foregoing situation, an object of the present invention is to provide a food waste processing device that can quickly process all food waste such as large fish heads, fish bones, or chicken bones that may be generated in a household, and It can be treated in a continuous mode of 10, and it can be installed indoors without generating odor. In order to achieve the purpose of the previous disclosure, the food waste processing device provided by the present invention can break food waste in the interior and perform fermentation and decomposition treatment, and is characterized in that it includes an input slot for inputting food waste and can be rotated 15 A shattering blade provided in the input slot, a drop opening provided at the bottom of the input slot so that shredded food waste below a predetermined size can fall down, and a drop opening provided below the drop opening and capable of being beaten The fermenting tank of the microorganisms subjected to the fermentation and decomposition treatment by the crushed food waste is a stirring blade provided in the fermentation tank in a rotatable manner. 20 According to the food waste treatment device configured as above, the food waste put into the tank can be broken by the shattering blades, and the food waste below a predetermined size can be dropped into the fermentation tank provided below through the drop port at the bottom. From 1242467, in this fermentation tank, food waste that has been broken into a predetermined size will be fermented and decomposed by microorganisms. At this time, the stirring blades in the fermentation tank will stir the food waste during fermentation to provide the necessary air for microorganisms (aerobic microorganisms) to enable smooth fermentation. 5 In this way, even large fish bones, fish heads, or hard bones, or large vegetables can be quickly and efficiently fermented and decomposed. In the aforementioned food waste treatment device, if the bottom end of the shattering blade is close to the drop opening, and a top end 10 is provided below the drop opening, the cutting blade close to the drop opening can be used at the drop opening and shattering. Cutting operation is performed between the blades, which can effectively break large bones. In the aforementioned food waste processing device, if the entire inner peripheral surface of the input groove is substantially bowl-shaped, and a spiral-shaped guide piece is connected to the inner peripheral surface, the input food waste can be guided downward and can be used. The shredding operation is performed together with the 15 shredding leaves, and the shredding operation can be effectively performed. In the aforementioned food waste processing device, if the outer peripheral edge of the bottom end of the shattering blade is brought close to the inner peripheral surface of the input groove, and the shattering blade is a plate-like object wound by more than one turn around a rotation axis The three-dimensional spiral shape, when the shattering blade rotates, the food waste 20 to be treated can be pushed down to generate stress, thereby enabling the shredding operation to be performed more actively. In the aforementioned food waste treatment device, if a plurality of the aforementioned drops are provided-6- 1242467 发明 说明 # 卖; g Lower mouths, each of the lower mouths is meniscus-shaped, and its bending direction is opposite to the rotation direction of the shattering blade, The food waste that partially falls into the drop mouth can often be kept in line contact with the drop mouth and the broken blade and can be cut off with a large force. As a result, even hard fish bones 5 or hard bones, etc. Can also be shattered with force. In the aforementioned food waste treatment device, if the spiral direction of the guide piece is in phase with the rotation direction of the shattering blade, and the cross section of the guide piece is rectangular, the guide piece and the shattering blade can cooperate together. Push the food waste down to perform the shredding operation to achieve a good shattering style. In the aforementioned food waste treatment device, if a row of outlets is provided at a predetermined height position from the bottom surface of the fermentation tank, and a screen is provided at the exit, the mesh ratio of the screen is compared with the granular fertilizer that has been processed by fermentation Slightly larger and smaller than the size of more than 15 chefs who dropped into the fermentation tank from the input tank, the fertilizer produced by fermentation and decomposition treatment in the fermentation tank can be discharged out of the fermentation tank through the discharge port. In the aforementioned food waste treatment device, if an exhaust port is provided near the top of the fermentation tank, and the food waste treatment device is further provided with a deodorizing device, a ventilation is provided between the exhaust port and the deodorizing device. It communicates with the 20th road, so that the gas system in the fermentation tank is discharged to the outside through the deodorizing device. Even if it is continuously processed, the odor generated in the fermentation tank or the fermentation tank can be deodorized and then discharged to the outside. Therefore, the 1242467 invention description $ Sale page Even if the food waste treatment device is installed indoors, the odor generated in the device will not be emitted to the surroundings. [Embodiment] 5 The food waste treatment device of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings. The first picture is a perspective view of the structure of the input tank and the fermentation tank part of the food waste treatment device of the present invention; the second picture is a _ cross section, a spring surface view of the first picture, and the third picture is the top cover removed In the state, the plan view of the input tank is viewed from the top. The fourth view is the 4-plane view of the cross-section line in the first figure, and the input tank is viewed from above with the stirring blade removed. As shown in the first and second figures, the food waste treatment device A is provided with an input slot 1L opening toward the top, and the inner peripheral surface 15 1U of the input slot 丨 is generally bowl-shaped (the diameter of the top port is large, and the bottom end is π The diameter of the truncated cone is small, and the inner periphery is provided with a plurality of rectangular guides 1A. In this embodiment, as shown in the first and second 'shown in the figure', the guide piece 1A conforms to the rotation of the shattering blade 3 which will be described later (2) (see the arrow R in the third figure) from top to bottom. It extends obliquely to form a spiral connection with a circular diameter gradually reduced to the inner peripheral surface of the input groove 1U. As shown in the first to third figures, the input slot 1 is in a flat view-8- 1242467 Description of invention ® The center of the stomach is provided with a rotary shaft connected at its base end to the drive shaft M1 of the electric motor M (see figure 6) 5. The shattering blade 3 can rotate synchronously with the rotating shaft 5. In this embodiment, the shattering blade 3 is spirally wound around the outer periphery of the rotating shaft 5 (in this embodiment, it is wound one and a half times), and maintains a predetermined outer diameter dimension from top to bottom. The bottom end 3a of the shattering blade 3 extends straight from the peripheral surface of the rotation shaft 5 outward. As shown in the second figure, the bottom end 3a is substantially flush with the flat bottom surface 1C of the insertion groove 1. More specifically, the bottom end 3a of the shattering blade 3 is located above the bottom surface 1C, and there is a very small gap between the bottom surface 1C and the bottom surface 1C so as not to touch the card. As shown in the first and fourth figures, the bottom surface 1C of the input groove 1 is provided with a plurality of drop openings 1D, and each of the drop openings 1D is meniscus-shaped (half-shaped by the center of the moon) when viewed from the head. Against the rotation direction of the breaking blade 3 (see arrow R in the third figure), it extends from inside to outside in a spiral shape 15. As shown in the fourth figure, the bottom end 1a of each of the guide pieces 1A is connected to the drop opening 1D of the bottom surface 1C of the input slot 1, so as to guide the food waste to the drop opening 1D. As shown in the first and second figures, there is a fermentation tank 9 connected to the lower part of the input tank 1, so that the food waste of a predetermined size through the falling opening 1D can fall into the fermentation tank 9 due to its own weight. The rotating shaft 5 extends from the input tank 1 to the fermentation tank 9, and a cutting blade fixed to the rotating shaft 5 is provided below the bottom surface 1C of the input tank 1C. 13. The top end 13U of the cutting blade 13 almost contacts the inner surface 1Cb of the bottom surface 1C. That is, above the bottom surface 1C is in close contact with the bottom end of the shattering blade 3, and below the bottom surface 1C, the top 13U of the cutting blade 13 5 is in close contact with the inner surface 1Cb of the bottom surface 1C. . The fermentation tank 9 has a cylindrical shape, and its inner diameter is slightly larger than the largest outer diameter of the top end of the input tank 1. The top of the fermentation tank 9 contains the entire input tank 1. An electric heater 55 is provided on the outer peripheral wall of the fermentation tank 9 to heat the temperature inside the fermentation tank 9 to a temperature most suitable for microorganisms. In the fermentation tank 9, the circumferential direction of the rotation axis 5 on the peripheral surface is different from the position of the cutting blade 13. Two stirring blades 15 at 180 degrees are provided. The blades are separated by 90 degrees). Each stirring blade 15 is flat and has a "frame shape" with a 15 rectangular area removed in the center for stirring the food waste in the fermentation tank 9 or the objects in the fermentation decomposition process. The upper end of the fermentation tank 9, that is, the outside of the input tank 1, is formed with an exhaust port 17 for exhausting the air inside the fermentation tank 9, and a row of kitchen waste 20 is formed at the lower part for the fermentation decomposition process to be completed出 的 排 口 19。 Out of the exhaust port 19. As shown in the sixth and seventh figures, the discharge port 19 is connected to the fertilizer storage box 23 located below it by a pipe 21 extending downward, so that 1242467 Invention Description $ Stomach must be fermented and decomposed in the fermentation tank 9 The processed fertilizer can enter the fertilizer storage box 23 due to its own weight. Moreover, the fertilizer storage box 23 can be arbitrarily removed from the food waste treatment apparatus A. The discharge port 19 is provided with a stainless steel screen (wire 5 net) 19A (see the first figure), so that only fertilizer that can pass through the screen 19A can be discharged to the fertilizer storage box 23. In this embodiment, the mesh 19A is a mesh with a size of about 35 mm. On the other hand, as shown in the fifth to seventh figures, the exhaust port 17 communicates with the downwardly extending duct 25 to the odor returning 10 to the receiving chamber 27, so that the air in the fermentation tank 9 and the Moisture (water) can be recovered into the odor recovery chamber 27. The odor recovery chamber 27 allows the air from the fermentation tank 9 to be separated from moisture to produce gas-liquid, that is, water is stored at the bottom and air is stored at the top. The odor recovery chamber 27 can be arbitrarily removed from the food waste treatment apparatus A. Above the odor recovery chamber 27, a supporting table 29 fixed to the frame of the food waste processor A is provided. The supporting table 29 is provided with a deodorizing device 31 containing activated carbon. The bottom end of the deodorizing device 31 is opened by a The duct 31D is connected to an area where air is accumulated in the odor recovery chamber 27. A suction fan 20 unit 33 is provided above the top opening of the deodorizing device 31 to suck air so that the air in the fermentation tank 9 passes through the odor recovery chamber 27 and the inside of the deodorizing device 31 and is discharged to the outside. -11- 1242467 Description of the invention As shown in Figures 2 and 6, the rotating shaft 5 penetrates the bottom of the fermentation tank 9 and extends downward, and is connected to the electric motor M provided at the bottom of the food waste treatment device A. Drive shaft Ml. Thereby, the food waste processing apparatus A configured as described above can perform fermentation decomposition processing on the food waste discarded in the kitchen of the 5th family in the following manner. That is, the lid 41 of the food waste processing apparatus A is opened, and food waste to be processed is put in. Even if the food waste input is the bone or head of a large fish (such as catfish or catfish), the food waste will be pushed down by the broken blade 3 and the guide piece 1A, or on the guide piece 1A and 10 pieces of shattered leaves 3 are shattered, so that the shattered part is squeezed out from the drop opening 1D of the bottom surface 1C of the input tank 1. In this way, the food waste squeezed out from the drop opening 1D will be cut off by the cutting blade 13 in the lower part of the rotation, and fall through the drop opening 1D into the fermentation tank 9 below. Of course, with vegetables, it can be broken more easily, that is, in less time. 15 In this way, the food waste will be broken by the aforementioned method, and the food waste that has been broken into a predetermined size will be sequentially dropped from the drop opening 1D into the fermentation tank 9 below. The time taken for the smashing, specifically, can be completed in just five to twenty minutes, with the input tank 1 in a full state. The number of revolutions of the rotating shaft 5 is about three to twenty-five revolutions per minute. An aerobic microorganism capable of fermenting and decomposing organic matter has been input into the fermentation tank 9 in advance. The microorganism in the fermentation tank 9 1242467 Description of the invention; Depending on the microorganisms used, the temperature and humidity in the fermentation tank 9, and the amount of food leftover, the time for the aforementioned fermentation decomposition treatment ranges from 13 to 24 hours. The fertilizer formed in the fermentation tank 9 through the fermentation and disintegration treatment will be granular, which can pass through the screen 19A of the discharge port 19 and be accumulated in the fertilizer storage box 23 provided below. That is, if the fertilizer generated in the fermentation tank 9 is higher than the discharge port 19, it will overflow the discharge port 19 and pass through the screen 19A to be discharged to the fertilizer storage box 23. Depending on the type of food waste, odors may be generated in the fermentation tanks 9 and 10 during the fermentation process, but the odors may be deodorized by the deodorizing device 31 and discharged to the outside. Therefore, the air discharged through the deodorizing device 31 has almost no odor. The moisture in the fermentation tank 9 is stored in the form of water (liquid) in the odor recovery chamber 27, and the accumulated water can be taken out of the recovery chamber 27 and discarded appropriately. Incidentally, although the bottom surface of the input groove in the previously disclosed embodiment is flat, it can also be a curved concave surface. In addition, the drop opening provided on the bottom surface may be provided on the side portion of the bottom of the input groove in addition to the flat bottom surface. 20 The food waste processing device provided according to the present invention can simply and shortly process food waste such as large fish bones that could not be processed in the past, or that require long time processing. -13- 1242467 In addition, the odor generated inside is deodorized and discharged to the outside, so it can be installed indoors. [Brief description of the drawings] 5 The first diagram is an oblique view of the structure of the input tank and the fermentation tank in a state where the food waste treatment device of the present invention has the upper cover removed. The second figure is a cross-sectional view taken along the line-in the first figure. The third figure is a plan view of the input groove viewed from above with the upper cover removed. 10 The fourth diagram is a cross-sectional view taken along the line-in the first diagram, and the input groove is viewed from above with the stirring blade removed. The fifth figure is a perspective view of a deodorizing device and the like arranged on the rear side of the food waste treatment device shown in the first figure. The sixth figure is a cross-sectional view taken along the line-in the fifth figure. 15 The seventh view is a cross-sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 5. The eighth figure is an oblique view of the odor recovery chamber, the fertilizer storage box, and the ducts connected to the fermentation tank side arranged on the rear side of the food waste treatment device shown in the first figure. 20 -14- 1242467 _ Description of invention $ Selling stomach [Representative symbols of main parts] A Food waste treatment device M Motor Ml Drive shaft 1 Inserting slot IA Guide piece 1C Bottom surface 5 lCb Inner surface ID Drop opening 1L Opening 1U Inner peripheral surface 3 Shatter blade 3a Bottom end 5 Rotary shaft 9 Fermentation tank 13 Cut off blade 13U Top end 10 15 Stirrer blade 17 Exhaust port 19 Exhaust port 19A Division network 21 Duct 23 Fertilizer storage box 25 Duct 27 Odor recovery chamber 29 Loading platform 31 Stink device 15 31D duct 33 suction fan unit 55 rotary shaft -15-

Claims (1)

1242467 拾、申請專利範圍 _LjSt- 如嫌π 喊。H 加.-〜:a、哪… 、..- ^^uu··, .,...‘咖·,, I讲4月省_〇雖懸I 1. 一 _廚餘處埋裝置np^賁Ά在内部打碎並進 行發酵分解處理,其包含有: 一投入槽,用以投入廚餘,該投入槽之内周 面整體概呈碗狀,該内周面上連結有螺旋狀之導引 5 片,可將投入之廚餘往下導引並可與該打碎葉片共 同進行打碎作業; 一打碎葉片,以可旋轉之方式設於該投入槽 | 内; 至少一落下口,設於該投入槽底部,使預定 10 大小以下之被打碎之廚餘能往下掉落; 一發酵槽,設於該落下口下方,存有可對被 打碎之廚餘進行發酵分解處理之微生物;以及 一攪拌葉片,以可旋轉之方式設於該發酵槽 内。 15 2.依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 置,其中:該打碎葉片之底端接近於該落下口;在 ® 該落下口下方,另設有一頂端接近該落下口之切斷 葉片。 3.依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 20 置,其中:該打碎葉片之底端外周緣接近該投入槽 之内周面;該打碎葉片係呈板狀物在一旋轉軸外圍 捲繞一圈以上而成之三次元螺旋狀。 ϋ續次頁(申請專利範圍頁不敷使用時,請註記並使用續頁) -16- 1242467 科年斗月A修(更)正替換頁1242467 Patent application scope _LjSt- Shout like π. H plus .- ~: a, which ..., ..- ^^ uu ··,., ... 'April · _〇 Although hanging I 1. 1. _ Kitchen waste buried device np ^ 贲 Ά It is shattered in the inside and subjected to fermentation and decomposition treatment, which includes: an input tank for inputting food waste, and the entire inner peripheral surface of the input tank is approximately bowl-shaped, and the inner peripheral surface is connected with a spiral shape Guide 5 pieces, which can guide the leftover food waste down and can perform the shredding operation together with the shattering blade; a shattering blade is rotatably provided in the input trough | at least one drop mouth , Set at the bottom of the input tank, so that the broken food waste below the size of 10 can fall down; a fermentation tank is set under the drop mouth, and the broken food waste can be fermented and decomposed. Treated microorganisms; and a stirring blade, which is rotatably provided in the fermentation tank. 15 2. The food waste treatment device according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein: the bottom end of the shattering blade is close to the drop opening; under the ® drop opening, there is another cut close to the drop opening. Broken leaf. 3. According to the food waste treatment device 20 described in the first patent application scope, wherein: the outer peripheral edge of the bottom end of the shattering blade is close to the inner peripheral surface of the input groove; the shattering blade is a plate-shaped A three-dimensional spiral formed by winding the periphery of the rotating shaft more than one turn. ϋNext page (If the patent application page is insufficient, please note and use the continuation page) -16- 1242467 Section A month and month A repair (correct) replacement page 4.依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 置,其中:係設有複數之前述落下口,各該落下口 呈彎月狀,且其彎曲方向與該打碎葉片之旋轉方向 相反。 5 5.依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 置,其中:該導引片之螺旋方向與該打碎葉片之旋 轉方向相同;該導引片之斷面呈矩形。 6. 依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 ® 置,其中:該發酵槽之由底面往上預定高度位置設 10 有一排出口,該排出口設有一篩網,該篩網之網目 C 比被發酵分解處理完了之粒狀肥料略大,並小於由 該投入槽掉入該發酵槽之廚餘大小。 7. 依據申請專利範圍第1項所述之廚餘處理裝 置,其中:該發酵槽之靠近頂端位置設有一排氣 15 口,該廚餘處理裝置另設有一脫臭裝置,該排氣口 與該脫臭裝置之間藉一通氣通路連通,使該發酵槽 · 内之氣體係經由該脫臭裝置排出至外界。 -17-4. The food waste treatment device according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein: a plurality of the aforementioned dropping openings are provided, each of the dropping openings is meniscus-shaped, and its bending direction is opposite to the rotation direction of the shattering blade . 5 5. The food waste treatment device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein: the spiral direction of the guide piece is the same as the rotation direction of the shattering blade; and the cross section of the guide piece is rectangular. 6. The food waste treatment device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein: the fermentation tank is provided with a row of outlets at a predetermined height position from the bottom surface, and a row of screens is provided at the row of outlets. Mesh C is slightly larger than the granular fertilizer that has been processed by fermentation and decomposition, and is smaller than the size of food waste dropped from the input tank into the fermentation tank. 7. The food waste treatment device according to item 1 of the scope of the patent application, wherein: the fermentation tank is provided with an exhaust port near the top, and the food waste treatment device is further provided with a deodorizing device, the exhaust port and The deodorizing devices communicate with each other through a ventilation path, so that the gas system inside the fermentation tank and the fermentation tank is discharged to the outside through the deodorizing device. -17-
TW093100287A 2003-07-15 2004-01-06 Kitchen garbage processing device TWI242467B (en)

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CN102228898B (en) * 2011-04-25 2014-04-16 贵州大学 Kitchen waste treatment equipment
CN102935442B (en) * 2012-10-27 2015-04-15 广西来源生物科技有限公司 Organic solid waste fermentation system
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